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Abbreviation: LCS
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Long forms: 268

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lung cancer screening
(171 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
LDCT (51 times)
SDM (16 times)
CT (12 times)
2003 Computed tomography for screening purposes: a review of the literature--2003.
low contact stress
(68 times)
Orthopedics
(47 times)
TKA (21 times)
KSS (6 times)
ROM (6 times)
1986 The New Jersey Low-Contact-Stress Knee Replacement System: biomechanical rationale and review of the first 123 cemented cases.
Langerhans cell sarcoma
(50 times)
Pathology
(19 times)
LCH (15 times)
FDCS (3 times)
FL (3 times)
2002 Tumours of histiocytes and accessory dendritic cells: an immunohistochemical approach to classification from the International Lymphoma Study Group based on 61 cases.
lumbar canal stenosis
(47 times)
Neurosurgery
(13 times)
LDH (8 times)
JOA (7 times)
VAS (4 times)
1990 [Pathogenesis of lumbo-sacral nerve root lesion: from the view point of thermographic findings of the lower limbs].
low-calorie sweeteners
(42 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
NHANES (4 times)
GI (2 times)
ADI (1 time)
2012 The use of low-calorie sweeteners by children: implications for weight management.
laparoscopic colorectal surgery
(29 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
RCS (4 times)
SPLC (2 times)
ASCRS (1 time)
2002 Current attitudes in laparoscopic colorectal surgery.
lacunar-canalicular system
(27 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
FRAP (6 times)
PCM (4 times)
PLR (2 times)
1987 [Spatial organization of the lacunar-canalicular system in the structures of bone lamellae].
Lagrangian coherent structures
(26 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
FTLE (9 times)
AAA (2 times)
CFD (2 times)
2008 Characterization of coherent structures in the cardiovascular system.
laparosonic coagulating shears
(24 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
LAVH (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BPES (1 time)
1995 Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy using the laparosonic coagulating shears.
10  longest common subsequence
(23 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
BM (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
1985 [Extraction of symbolic determinants common to a family of biological sequences].
11  latent change score
(17 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
ALDs (2 times)
WM (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2011 Latent change score modeling of psychophysiological data: an empirical instantiation using electrodermal responding.
12  Lung Cancer Subscale
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
FACT-L (13 times)
TOI (9 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
1995 Reliability and validity of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lung (FACT-L) quality of life instrument.
13  lumbar spinal canal stenosis
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
JOA (3 times)
ROM (2 times)
C-JOA (1 time)
2001 Cerebrospinal fluid nitric oxide metabolites are novel predictors of pain relief in degenerative lumbar diseases.
14  laser correlation spectroscopy
(12 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AH (1 time)
LCE (1 time)
MG (1 time)
1995 [The differential possibilities of the laser correlational spectroscopic method in the diagnosis of different pathological processes encountered among the population of the Urals radiation trace].
15  liquid crystalline systems
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
PLM (3 times)
PFS (2 times)
RP (2 times)
2011 Structural characterization and in vivo evaluation of retinyl palmitate in non-ionic lamellar liquid crystalline system.
16  landfill cover soil
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
WBS (5 times)
BC (2 times)
LFG (2 times)
2012 Mechanism of H2S removal during landfill stabilization in waste biocover soil, an alterative landfill cover.
17  lacosamide
(9 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AEDs (2 times)
AED (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2011 Lacosamide use in refractory idiopathic primary generalized epilepsy.
18  left coronary sinus
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
RCA (3 times)
NCS (2 times)
RCS (2 times)
2005 Anomalous origin of right coronary artery from the left coronary sinus: incidence, characteristics, and a systematic approach for rapid diagnosis.
19  low-cost sensors
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PM (3 times)
HRV (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2020 Panel study using novel sensing devices to assess associations of PM2.5 with heart rate variability and exposure sources.
20  laterocavernous sinus
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SMCV (5 times)
CS (3 times)
PCS (2 times)
2000 Angiographic anatomy of the laterocavernous sinus.
21  leachate collection system
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
MSW (4 times)
BA (2 times)
MSWI (2 times)
2015 Leaching characteristics of calcium-based compounds in MSWI Residues: From the viewpoint of clogging risk.
22  learning classifier system
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CN (1 time)
EXP (1 time)
RCH (1 time)
2000 The learning classifier system: an evolutionary computation approach to knowledge discovery in epidemiologic surveillance.
23  licensed chemical sellers
(7 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
ACT (3 times)
AMFm (3 times)
ACTs (1 time)
2015 Can mobile phone messages to drug sellers improve treatment of childhood diarrhoea?--A randomized controlled trial in Ghana.
24  local coordinate system
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ATDs (1 time)
BLM (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2003 Computer-aided method for quantification of cartilage thickness and volume changes using MRI: validation study using a synthetic model.
25  Looming Cognitive Style
(7 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AS (1 time)
ASI (1 time)
2007 Short-term predictive effects of the looming cognitive style on anxiety disorder symptoms under restrictive methodological conditions.
26  lower cervical spine
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
UCS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ATPS (1 time)
2003 Anatomic study of the morphology of human cervical facet joint.
27  lung cancer stigma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
QoL (2 times)
CLCSS (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2011 Lung cancer stigma, depression, and quality of life among ever and never smokers.
28  laser-assisted cataract surgery
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
PCS (3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
2013 Cost-effectiveness of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery versus phacoemulsification cataract surgery.
29  lateral crural steal
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CG (1 time)
LCO (1 time)
1999 Lateral crural steal and lateral crural overlay: an objective evaluation.
30  left coronary system
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CABG (2 times)
IPW (2 times)
RCS (2 times)
2010 Left internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein as a composite graft: 8-year angiographic follow-up study.
31  leukocytospermia
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
STIs (2 times)
CMV (1 time)
2007 Prevalence of sexually transmissible pathogens in semen from asymptomatic male infertility patients with and without leukocytospermia.
32  low molecular weight chitosan
(5 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
HCS (2 times)
RSM (2 times)
XG (2 times)
2006 The effect of particle structure of chitosan-coated liposomes and type of chitosan on oral delivery of calcitonin.
33  Latent change score models
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2013 Lagged relationships among sleep disturbance, fatigue, and depressed mood during chemotherapy.
34  lateral cord space
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AIS (3 times)
AP (3 times)
TS (3 times)
2008 Morphological and functional electrophysiological evidence of relative spinal cord tethering in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
35  lateral cortical stream
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CSB (1 time)
EGFRs (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2001 Cell migration from the corticostriatal angle to the basal telencephalon in rat embryos.
36  lens care solutions
(4 times)
Optometry
(4 times)
OR (2 times)
BT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2014 The effect of compliance on contact lens case contamination.
37  letter contrast sensitivity
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ARCG (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CDVA (1 time)
2006 Intermediate spatial frequency letter contrast sensitivity: its relation to visual resolution before and during amblyopia treatment.
38  load carriage systems
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
COM (1 time)
GRF (1 time)
LAW (1 time)
2003 Comparison of perceived comfort differences between standard and experimental load carriage systems.
39  lung cancer-specific survival
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OS (4 times)
HR (2 times)
DFS (1 time)
2012 Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality in patients receiving curative therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma.
40  lactate calcium salt
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2018 Antitumor Effect of Calcium-Mediated Destabilization of Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor on Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma.
41  Laryngeal chondrosarcoma
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
STL (1 time)
2013 Well and intermediate differentiated laryngeal chondrosarcoma: toward conservative surgery?
42  laser cataract surgery
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
fs (1 time)
IOL (1 time)
LIRIC (1 time)
2012 Surgical outcomes and safety of femtosecond laser cataract surgery: a prospective study of 1500 consecutive cases.
43  laser-Compton scattering
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Li (1 time)
NRF (1 time)
stat (1 time)
2009 Nondestructive detection of hidden chemical compounds with laser Compton-scattering gamma rays.
44  lesion conspicuity scores
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2012 Spectral CT in patients with small HCC: investigation of image quality and diagnostic accuracy.
45  let-7 complementary sites
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
HMGA2 (1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
2008 A SNP in a let-7 microRNA complementary site in the KRAS 3' untranslated region increases non-small cell lung cancer risk.
46  leukemic cell survival
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CLB (1 time)
1997 In vitro drug sensitivity testing can predict induction failure and early relapse of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
47  Life Chart Schedule
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DUI (1 time)
DUP (1 time)
2000 Reliability of the life chart schedule for assessment of the long-term course of schizophrenia.
48  Life Closure Scale
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
ALS (1 time)
1990 The Life Closure Scale: a measure of psychological adaptation in death and dying.
49  linker capture subtraction
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AHi (1 time)
cDNA RDA (1 time)
dDGCs (1 time)
1996 Cloning differentially expressed genes by linker capture subtraction.
50  lipiodol-CDDP: suspension
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
Ccr (1 time)
CDDP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1996 [Evaluation of the stability of lipiodol-CDDP: suspension (LCS) by the pumping method].
51  long-Covid syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
COVID-19 (3 times)
CFS (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2021 Long COVID syndrome-associated brain fog.
52  Louisiana continental shelf
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MRE (1 time)
POC (1 time)
RMSE (1 time)
2015 Changes in northern Gulf of Mexico sediment bacterial and archaeal communities exposed to hypoxia.
53  Low-coherence spectroscopy
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
sdLCS (1 time)
tdLCS (1 time)
2009 Quantitative measurements of absorption spectra in scattering media by low-coherence spectroscopy.
54  low-grade chondrosarcoma
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CTRA (1 time)
ER (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
2010 Low-grade chondrosarcoma of bone: experiences from the Vienna Bone and Soft Tissue Tumour Registry.
55  lung cancer surgery
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
EN (1 time)
GHR (1 time)
2014 Persistent postsurgical pain: evidence from breast cancer surgery, groin hernia repair, and lung cancer surgery.
56  lactosylceramide synthase
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASOs (1 time)
D-PDMP (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2010 Reducing glycosphingolipid biosynthesis in airway cells partially ameliorates disease manifestations in a mouse model of asthma.
57  language composite score
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCS (2 times)
MCS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Structural cerebral abnormalities and neurodevelopmental status in single ventricle congenital heart disease before Fontan procedure.
58  laparoscopic colposuspension with sutures
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
LCM (2 times)
OBC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2005 A three-armed randomized trial comparing open Burch colposuspension using sutures with laparoscopic colposuspension using sutures and laparoscopic colposuspension using mesh and staples in women with stress urinary incontinence.
59  laparoscopic component separation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
OCS (2 times)
2013 Laparoscopic component separation reduces postoperative wound complications but does not alter recurrence rates in complex hernia repairs.
60  large cold spot metric
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DVH (2 times)
sDVH (2 times)
2017 Analysis of dose heterogeneity using a subvolume-DVH.
61  lavender color sign
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GIM (2 times)
LCI (2 times)
WLI (2 times)
2018 Lavender Color in Linked Color Imaging Enables Noninvasive Detection of Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia.
62  LCS group
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LDH (2 times)
LL (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2018 [Difference of spino-pelvic sagittal alignment between lumbar disc herniation and lumbar canal stenosis in adults].
63  Le-Cao-Shi
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
TCM (2 times)
AST (1 time)
AST and ALT (1 time)
2019 Effects of traditional Chinese medicine formula Le-Cao-Shi on hepatitis B: In vivo and in vitro studies.
64  LeadCare Blood Lead Testing System
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AAS (1 time)
GFAAS (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
1998 Field screening of blood lead levels in remote Andean villages.
65  LeadCare System
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GFAAS (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
2006 Blood lead concentrations in maternal and cord blood evaluated by two analytic methods.
66  Liege coma scale
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
GCS (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
1984 Changes in cerebrospinal fluid enzyme activity after severe head injury. Diagnostic and prognostic values.
67  linear chromosome stability
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
YAC (1 time)
1993 Saccharomyces cerevisiae linear chromosome stability (lcs) mutants increase the loss rate of artificial and natural linear chromosomes.
68  liquid crystal state
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1981 [Liquid crystals (mesophases) in the human body].
69  lithocholate sulfate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Cai (1 time)
1988 Bile acids increase cellular free calcium in cultured kidney cells (LLC-PK).
70  living cellular sheets
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EGF (1 time)
FGG (1 time)
HMVEC-dNeo (1 time)
2013 Generation of site-appropriate tissue by a living cellular sheet in the treatment of mucogingival defects.
71  local citation score
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
Nc (1 time)
2019 Mapping diabetes research in Middle Eastern countries during 2007-2013: A scientometric analysis.
72  long-term disease-free cancer survivors
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ECmiRNAs (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
MSPSS (1 time)
2016 Posttraumatic growth and cancer: a study 5years after treatment end.
73  longitudinal cohort studies
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ADCI (1 time)
CTDs (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2015 Antibody-Dependent Cellular Inhibition Is Associated With Reduced Risk Against Febrile Malaria in a Longitudinal Cohort Study Involving Ghanaian Children.
74  Longitudinal Cohort Study
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EPAD (2 times)
PoC (2 times)
EPAD LCS (1 time)
2019 European Prevention of Alzheimer's Dementia Longitudinal Cohort Study (EPAD LCS): study protocol.
75  low chronic stress
(2 times)
HCS (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2019 The Effects of Mental Stress on Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes: Determining the Relationship Between Catecholamine and Adrenergic Signals from Stress, Anxiety, and Depression on the Physiological Changes in the Pancreatic Hormone Secretion.
76  low clinical score
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HCS (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
HSP (1 time)
1993 Patients with severe atopic dermatitis have activated circulating basophils.
77  low Comet score
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ACS (2 times)
HCS (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2019 Novel use of COMET parameters of sperm DNA damage may increase its utility to diagnose male infertility and predict live births following both IVF and ICSI.
78  low-complexity sequence
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
NS5A (1 time)
2012 Analysis of functional differences between hepatitis C virus NS5A of genotypes 1-7 in infectious cell culture systems.
79  low-concentrate corn straw diet
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
HCS (2 times)
IL (1 time)
LCF (1 time)
2014 Feeding a high-concentrate corn straw diet increased the release of endotoxin in the rumen and pro-inflammatory cytokines in the mammary gland of dairy cows.
80  lower caliceal stones
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ESWL (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
PNL (1 time)
1998 Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for lower pole nephrolithiasis: efficacy and variables that influence treatment outcome.
81  lumbar chemical sympathectomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CODLLA (1 time)
PVD (1 time)
ROT (1 time)
2008 [Diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities of lumbar chemical sympathectomy in patients with chronic obliterating diseases of lower-limb arteries].
82  lung cancer specialist
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
GP (2 times)
NSW (1 time)
2018 How long is too long? A scoping review of health system delays in lung cancer.
83  lung cancer-specific
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2019 Lung Adenocarcinomas Manifesting as Radiological Part-Solid Nodules Define a Special Clinical Subtype.
84  lung contusion score
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
OI (1 time)
2016 Parenchymal lung injuries related to standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
85  Lycopodium clavatum sporopollenin
(2 times)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
AST (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2021 Sustained In Vitro and In Vivo Delivery of Metformin from Plant Pollen-Derived Composite Microcapsules.
86  lymphedema cholestasis syndrome
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCBE1 (1 time)
2013 CCBE1 mutation in two siblings, one manifesting lymphedema-cholestasis syndrome, and the other, fetal hydrops.
87  lymphocyte culture supernatants
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
beta2m (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1988 Enhanced beta 2-microglobulin levels in lymphocyte culture supernatants from patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome: inhibition of lymphocyte activation by cyclosporine.
88  (FACT)-Lung Cancer Subscale
(1 time)
3D-CRT (1 time)
FACT (1 time)
FACT-TOI (1 time)
2015 Quality of Life Analysis of a Radiation Dose-Escalation Study of Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Secondary Analysis of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0617 Randomized Clinical Trial.
89  L-cell fibroblast supernatants
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SCF (1 time)
1998 Induction of human leukaemic mast cell differentiation by fibroblast supernatants, but not by stem cell factor.
90  L.casei Shirota
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Immunomodulatory effects of potential probiotics in a mouse peanut sensitization model.
91  L5-L6 epidural space
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
sham (1 time)
UAB (1 time)
2012 A novel animal model of underactive bladder: analysis of lower urinary tract function in a rat lumbar canal stenosis model.
92  labeled compound solutions
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ASE (1 time)
FMS (1 time)
HRGC/HRMS (1 time)
2006 [Determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzo-furans in sediment by accelerated solvent extraction, fluid management systems and high resolution gas chromatography/high resolution mass spectrometry].
93  labial closure strength
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MTP (1 time)
2015 Effect of the tongue rotation exercise training on the oral functions in normal adults - Part 1 investigation of tongue pressure and labial closure strength.
94  labial convexity score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
MP1 (1 time)
PIS (1 time)
2016 [Evaluation of alveolar ridge reconstruction and esthetic result following immediate implant].
95  Labor Culture Survey
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Measuring labor and delivery unit culture and clinicians' attitudes toward birth: Revision and validation of the Labor Culture Survey.
96  Laboratory of Computer Science
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ACOG (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
1997 Design considerations in migrating an obstetrics clinical record to the Web.
97  Laboratory of Supramolecular Chemistry
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Research in the Laboratory of Supramolecular Chemistry: functional nanostructures, sensors, and catalysts.
98  labyrinth-like cystic structures
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
SCN (1 time)
2006 Branchial-like cysts of the thyroid associated with solid cell nests.
99  lactation counseling support
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evaluation of breastfeeding in a Baby-Friendly City, Corum, Turkey.
100  Lactobacillus casei shirota
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CIC (1 time)
2006 Clinical safety of Lactobacillus casei shirota as a probiotic in critically ill children.