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Abbreviation: LCs
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Long forms: 156

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Langerhans cells
(878 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(234 times)
DCs (214 times)
DC (59 times)
DDCs (35 times)
1980 Contact hypersensitivity and Langerhans cells.
liquid crystals
(419 times)
Chemistry
(161 times)
GO (12 times)
POM (12 times)
CNTs (7 times)
1987 Absorption and scattering measurements of nematic liquid crystals.
Leydig cells
(100 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(20 times)
SCs (11 times)
LH (9 times)
EDS (7 times)
1989 Differentiation and development of Leydig cells, and changes of testosterone levels during testicular differentiation in tilapiaOreochromis niloticus.
light chains
(85 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
HCs (13 times)
AL (11 times)
LCDD (9 times)
1983 Myosin isoenzymes in fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscles of normal and dystrophic mice.
laparoscopic cholecystectomies
(25 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
OCs (3 times)
OR (3 times)
AC (2 times)
1993 Comparison of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with open cholecystectomy in a single center.
lethal concentrations
(15 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
ECs (2 times)
EOs (2 times)
BCFs (1 time)
2012 Direct soil contact values for ecological receptors exposed to weathered petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) fraction 2.
learning communities
(11 times)
Education, Medical
(5 times)
LE (2 times)
CFM (1 time)
JHSOM (1 time)
2007 Medical students' perceptions of emerging learning communities at one medical school.
luteal cells
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CL (4 times)
VEGF (4 times)
HIF (3 times)
1987 The axon reaction of lamprey spinal interneurons.
learning curves
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CUSUM (3 times)
PRISMA (2 times)
RARP (2 times)
2015 Lessons learned from a comparative analysis of surgical outcomes of and learning curves for laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy.
10  lung cancers
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ACs (1 time)
AECs (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1998 Immunohistochemical detection of multidrug resistance protein in human lung cancer and normal lung.
11  latent classes
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
LCA (3 times)
CAM (1 time)
CCPs (1 time)
2011 Examining the stability of DSM-IV and empirically derived eating disorder classification: implications for DSM-5.
12  level crossings
(6 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
CRT (2 times)
FVGs (2 times)
SDLP (2 times)
2006 Field-induced magnetoelastic instabilities in antiferromagnetic molecular wheels.
13  lung carcinoids
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ACs (3 times)
TCs (3 times)
OS (2 times)
2013 Olfactory receptor 51E1 as a novel target for diagnosis in somatostatin receptor-negative lung carcinoids.
14  lymphocyte counts
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
RT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2016 Prognostic significance of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio in patients treated with selective internal radiation therapy.
15  lactation consultants
(5 times)
Infant Care
(2 times)
NICU (3 times)
MOM (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2005 Comparison of breastfeeding rates among women delivering infants in military treatment facilities with and without lactation consultants.
16  Learning collaboratives
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of a learning collaborative to improve the delivery of preventive services by pediatric practices.
17  limit cycles
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EPs (2 times)
BI (1 time)
EAD (1 time)
1997 Convergent block-iterative algorithms for image reconstruction from inconsistent data.
18  luminal cells
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
BCs (2 times)
SCs (2 times)
ALCs (1 time)
2012 Epcam, CD44, and CD49f distinguish sphere-forming human prostate basal cells from a subpopulation with predominant tubule initiation capability.
19  lymphoma cells
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MCs (2 times)
CNSL (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1987 Ia antigen expressed by keratinocytes can be the molecule of antigen presentation in contact sensitivity.
20  lacquer cracks
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
PM (2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
2017 Multimodal imaging of linear lesions in the fundus of pathologic myopic eyes with macular lesions.
21  Langerhans-type DCs
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CHL-NS (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2004 IFN-gamma enables cross-presentation of exogenous protein antigen in human Langerhans cells by potentiating maturation.
22  large cells
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SCs (3 times)
CG (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1985 Effects of perfusion pressure on the bursting neurons in the intact or segmented cardiac ganglion of the lobster, Panulirus japonicus.
23  lateral cephalograms
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BSSO (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
DPTs (1 time)
2007 Accuracy of linear measurements from imaging plate and lateral cephalometric images derived from cone-beam computed tomography.
24  laundering cycles
(4 times)
Polysaccharides
(2 times)
SEM (3 times)
FR (2 times)
LOI (2 times)
2018 A concise water-solvent synthesis of highly effective, durable, and eco-friendly flame-retardant coating on cotton fabrics.
25  lengthening contractions
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
TA (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
HSF (1 time)
2008 Aging effects on passive resistive torque in the rat ankle joint after lengthening contractions.
26  lens capsules
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CXB (1 time)
DM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2012 Sustained-release celecoxib from incubated acrylic intraocular lenses suppresses lens epithelial cell growth in an ex vivo model of posterior capsule opacity.
27  leukemic cells
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AML (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2012 Serial monitoring of human systemic and xenograft models of leukemia using a novel vascular disrupting agent.
28  luminescent centres
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
UNIM (2 times)
CGCD (1 time)
HTTL (1 time)
2009 Experimental investigation of the 100 keV X-ray dose response of the high-temperature thermoluminescence in LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100): theoretical interpretation using the unified interaction model.
29  lymphocytes
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ACs (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
1993 Infiltrating lymphocytes and accessory cells in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
30  Langerhans-type dendritic cells
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
moDCs (1 time)
2006 Langerhans-type dendritic cells genetically modified to express full-length antigen optimally stimulate CTLs in a CD4-dependent manner.
31  local complications
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
OF (2 times)
RAC (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2011 Moderately severe acute pancreatitis: prospective validation of this new subgroup of acute pancreatitis.
32  luminescent concentrators
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LED (1 time)
QCW (1 time)
2016 Multi-exposure color imaging with stacked thin-film luminescent concentrators.
33  lymphoblastoid cells
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ATXN3 (1 time)
BL (1 time)
CMMRD (1 time)
2015 Diagnosis of Constitutional Mismatch Repair-Deficiency Syndrome Based on Microsatellite Instability and Lymphocyte Tolerance to Methylating Agents.
34  lymphoceles
(3 times)
Thrombosis
(1 time)
LAE (1 time)
LM (1 time)
US (1 time)
2009 Incidence, risk profile and morphological pattern of venous thromboembolism after prostate cancer surgery.
35  landrace cultivars
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
FHB (1 time)
MTAs (1 time)
SNB (1 time)
2005 Wheat genetic diversity trends during domestication and breeding.
36  Langerhans cell-like dendritic cells
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2003 Down-regulation of Toll-like receptor expression in monocyte-derived Langerhans cell-like cells: implications of low-responsiveness to bacterial components in the epidermal Langerhans cells.
37  lateralisation coefficients
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
dRH (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERD (1 time)
2009 The relation between lateralisation, early start of training, and amount of practice in musicians: a contribution to the problem of handedness classification.
38  lay counsellors
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ART (2 times)
HIV (1 time)
HTC (1 time)
2015 The uncertain future of lay counsellors: continuation of HIV services in Lesotho under pressure.
39  leading cells
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
FCs (1 time)
2012 Significance of cancer-associated fibroblasts in the regulation of gene expression in the leading cells of invasive lung cancer.
40  leukocyte concentrates
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CFCs (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
FH (1 time)
1976 Preferential decrease in thymus dependent lymphocytes during storage at 4 C in anticoagulant.
41  liability claims
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
DIs (1 time)
PPL (1 time)
2008 Exploiting gene x gene interaction in linkage analysis.
42  lifestyle-related comorbidities
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OR (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2015 Association of Lifestyle-Related Comorbidities With Periodontitis: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea.
43  light-response curves
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2004 Research Note: Measuring variability in chlorophyll-fluorescence-derived photosynthetic parameters in situ with a programmable multi-channel fluorometer.
44  lignified cells
(2 times)
Plants, Genetically Modified
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
ML (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2019 Label-free visualization of lignin deposition in loquats using complementary stimulated and spontaneous Raman microscopy.
45  limbal crypts
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BLCs (1 time)
FSPs (1 time)
hLE (1 time)
2012 Interactive 3D computer model of the human corneolimbal region: crypts, projections and stem cells.
46  lingual canals
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2017 Lingual Foramina and Canals of the Mandible: Anatomic Variations in a Lebanese Population.
47  liquid cultures
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
CFC (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2004 Simultaneous maintenance of human cord blood SCID-repopulating cells and expansion of committed progenitors at low O2 concentration (3%).
48  liquid-crystalline compounds
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Suppressive effects of liquid crystal compounds on the growth of the A549 human lung cancer cell line.
49  littermate controls
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
HSP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
KO (1 time)
2014 Heat shock protein-27 delays acute rejection after cardiac transplantation: an experimental model.
50  load cells
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AASM (1 time)
AHI (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
2011 Relative contributions of local cell and passing fiber activation and silencing to changes in thalamic fidelity during deep brain stimulation and lesioning: a computational modeling study.
51  local controls
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
HPs (2 times)
KSB (2 times)
DCF (1 time)
2017 Signature pattern analysis for the full-length env gene of the earliest Korean subclade B of HIV-1: outbreak among Korean hemophiliacs.
52  low complexity domains
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
LLPS (2 times)
IDRs (1 time)
SARS-CoV-2 (1 time)
2020 SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein undergoes liquid-liquid phase separation stimulated by RNA and partitions into phases of human ribonucleoproteins.
53  low concentrations
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AVD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2001 Induction of endothelial-leukocyte interaction by interferon-gamma requires coactivation of nuclear factor-kappaB.
54  Lugaro cells
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PCs (2 times)
BCs (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2019 Diverse Neuron Properties and Complex Network Dynamics in the Cerebellar Cortical Inhibitory Circuit.
55  lumped constants
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
MRSI (1 time)
PET (1 time)
1985 Glucose metabolic rate kinetic model parameter determination in humans: the lumped constants and rate constants for [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and [11C]deoxyglucose.
56  lung carcinomas
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
SQC (1 time)
2007 Human papillomavirus-16 is integrated in lung carcinomas: a study in Chile.
57  lung contusions
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CA-FAST (1 time)
2015 Chest Abdominal-Focused Assessment Sonography for Trauma during the primary survey in the Emergency Department: the CA-FAST protocol.
58  lymphatic channels
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
SLNs (2 times)
SEM (1 time)
SLN-CEUS (1 time)
2005 Contrast-enhanced sonographic imaging of lymphatic channels and sentinel lymph nodes.
59  lymphocyte clusters
(2 times)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
FDCs (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
1996 [Lymphoid follicle formation in sinus mucosa of chronic sinusitis].
60  cell-like cells
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Acute undifferentiated leukemia (stem cell acute leukemia) showing differentiation to Langerhans cell-like cells in lymph nodes.
61  kappa-light chains
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Crystalline light chain proximal tubulopathy with chronic renal failure and silicone gel breast implants: 1 case report.
62  L. reuteri (Cis+LCs), and C. butyricum and L. reuteri
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
2021 Administration of Lactobacillus reuteri Combined with Clostridium butyricum Attenuates Cisplatin-Induced Renal Damage by Gut Microbiota Reconstitution, Increasing Butyric Acid Production, and Suppressing Renal Inflammation.
63  labelled cells
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1990 Premitotic DNA synthesis in the brain of the adult frog (Rana esculenta L.): an autoradiographic 3H-thymidine study.
64  laboratory commodities
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
BCs (1 time)
HFs (1 time)
LMIS (1 time)
2020 Anti-Tuberculosis Commodities Management Performance and Factors Affecting It at Public Health Facilities in Dire Dawa City Administration, Ethiopia.
65  Laccases
(1 time)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 Aflatoxin B₁ and M₁ Degradation by Lac2 from Pleurotus pulmonarius and Redox Mediators.
66  lacrimal cells
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ANCs (1 time)
MPRs (1 time)
2019 Agger Nasi Cells Versus Lacrimal Cells and Uncinate Bullae in Cone-Beam Computed Tomography.
67  Lactobacillus reuteri and Clostridium butyricum
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
2021 Administration of Lactobacillus reuteri Combined with Clostridium butyricum Attenuates Cisplatin-Induced Renal Damage by Gut Microbiota Reconstitution, Increasing Butyric Acid Production, and Suppressing Renal Inflammation.
68  lagging chromosomes
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CBs (1 time)
MN (1 time)
MNi (1 time)
2008 Multiple origins of spontaneously arising micronuclei in HeLa cells: direct evidence from long-term live cell imaging.
69  lagging chromosomes/chromatins
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
mNE (1 time)
NE (1 time)
2020 Understanding the birth of rupture-prone and irreparable micronuclei.
70  lamellar corpuscles
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2018 Distribution of Pacini-Like Lamellar Corpuscles in the Vascular Sheath of the Femoral Artery.
71  lamellar crystals
(1 time)
Colloids
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
HDPE (1 time)
2020 How Nanotopography-Induced Conformational Changes of Fibrinogen Affect Platelet Adhesion and Activation.
72  laminar calcifications
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
1996 Microcalcifications in ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: histochemical and immunohistochemical study.
73  Langerin+ dendritic cells
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2012 Adoptive immunotherapy with Cl-IB-MECA-treated CD8+ T cells reduces melanoma growth in mice.
74  Langerin+Langerhans cells
(1 time)
Liver
(1 time)
BDCA (1 time)
BECs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2010 Significance of periductal Langerhans cells and biliary epithelial cell-derived macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha in the pathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis.
75  language-matched controls
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
ACs (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
GA-NWR (1 time)
2020 Nonword Repetition Skills in Gulf Arabic-Speaking Children With Developmental Language Disorder.
76  lanthanide complexes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
UTFs (1 time)
2016 Preparation and Properties of Transparent Ultrathin Lanthanide-Complex Films.
77  laparoscopic cholangiograms
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
OC (1 time)
1999 The standard of laparoscopic intraoperative cholangiography: a quality control study.
78  laparoscopic clips
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EBVS (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
UCS (1 time)
2003 Comparison of ultrasonic energy, bipolar thermal energy, and vascular clips for the hemostasis of small-, medium-, and large-sized arteries.
79  laparotomy-associated complications
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LA (1 time)
OAR (1 time)
2020 Transabdominal approach associated with increased long-term laparotomy complications after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
80  laptop - computers
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SPFD (1 time)
WP (1 time)
2011 Evaluation and characterization of fetal exposures to low frequency magnetic fields generated by laptop computers.
81  Large cages
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2017 Larger cages with housing unit environment enrichment improve the welfare of marmosets.
82  large capsules
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
1995 Immune reactions to Bacteroides fragilis populations with three different types of capsule in a model of infection.
83  large cigars
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
LCCs (1 time)
RRR (1 time)
2013 Primary and dual users of little cigars/cigarillos and large cigars: demographic and tobacco use profiles.
84  large colonies
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Flow cytometric isolation and clonal identification of self-renewing bipotent hepatic progenitor cells in adult mouse liver.
85  laryngeal cancers
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
TL (1 time)
2020 Laryngeal Compartmentalization Does Not Affect the Prognosis of T3-T4 Laryngeal Cancer Treated by Upfront Total Laryngectomy.
86  laryngeal clefts
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2017 A Mild Laryngeal Cleft Causes Severe Symptoms.
87  Late complications
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HGP (1 time)
2012 Factors influencing outcome and incidence of late complications in children who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for hemoglobinopathy.
88  late components
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CSD (1 time)
MOB (1 time)
1988 Current generators and properties of late components evoked in rat olfactory cortex.
89  lateral canals
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2017 Feasibility of Cone-beam Computed Tomography in Detecting Lateral Canals before and after Root Canal Treatment: An ExVivo Study.
90  lateral membrane contacts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AJC (1 time)
2016 DAAM1 stabilizes epithelial junctions by restraining WAVE complex-dependent lateral membrane motility.
91  lateral soma clusters
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
OPNs (1 time)
2001 Neurogenesis in the central olfactory pathway of the adult shore crab Carcinus maenas is controlled by sensory afferents.
92  lattice cells
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
--- 2018 The WAVE Regulatory Complex and Branched F-Actin Counterbalance Contractile Force to Control Cell Shape and Packing in the Drosophila Eye.
93  Lattice constants
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2003 Prediction of apatite lattice constants from their constituent elemental radii and artificial intelligence methods.
94  leadership competencies
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
LA (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2019 Cross-Cultural Validity Study of a Medical Education Leadership Competencies Instrument in Latin American Physicians: A Multinational Study.
95  lean controls
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
Ob-MS (1 time)
2008 Association of lactate with blood pressure before and after rapid weight loss.
96  lean healthy control subjects
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IRS-1 (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2014 Increased interaction with insulin receptor substrate 1, a novel abnormality in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
97  learning computers
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2007 [The use of learning computers in the general educational system: hygienic aspects].
98  left carotid arteries
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
18F-FDG (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
RCs (1 time)
2014 Fiber-optic system for dual-modality imaging of glucose probes 18F-FDG and 6-NBDG in atherosclerotic plaques.
99  left colectomies
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
RCs (1 time)
2007 Outcomes of right- compared with left-side colectomy.
100  lens epithelial cells
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BMP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
PCO (1 time)
2020 Fibronectin has multifunctional roles in posterior capsular opacification (PCO).