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Abbreviation: LDR
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Long forms: 139

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
low-dose-rate
(608 times)
Neoplasms
(283 times)
HDR (292 times)
EBRT (68 times)
BT (46 times)
1983 A tumor/normal tissue advantage for low dose rate neutron brachytherapy.
low-dose radiation
(144 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
HDR (11 times)
SOD (6 times)
DOX (5 times)
1987 Cancer and leukemia risks after low level radiation--controversy, facts and future.
ligase detection reaction
(135 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(18 times)
SNPs (35 times)
PCR (27 times)
SNP (14 times)
1995 Specific, sensitive, and rapid assay for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 pol mutations associated with resistance to zidovudine and didanosine.
linear dynamic range
(121 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(44 times)
LOD (46 times)
LOQ (24 times)
GCE (17 times)
1994 Analysis of felodipine by packed column supercritical fluid chromatography with electron capture and ultraviolet absorbance detection.
low dynamic range
(39 times)
Medical Informatics
(20 times)
HDR (36 times)
TMOs (4 times)
TMQI (3 times)
2008 Minimal-bracketing sets for high-dynamic-range image capture.
long-distance runners
(23 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
SPR (4 times)
UT (4 times)
CWL (3 times)
1980 Echocardiographic left ventricular masses in distance runners and weight lifters.
light dependent resistor
(18 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(8 times)
LED (5 times)
Cr (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1990 Use of light-dependent-resistor circuit to remotely reset digital constancy meter.
long-duration response
(17 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PD (6 times)
SDR (6 times)
CDS (1 time)
1990 MAO and L-dopa treatment of Parkinson's disease.
length-to-diameter ratio
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ST (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AER (1 time)
1982 Malignant mesothelioma: ultrastructural distinction from adenocarcinoma.
10  linear detection range
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
LOD (9 times)
CEA (2 times)
ICSs (2 times)
2013 Ionic liquid functionalized graphene/Au nanocomposites and its application for electrochemical immunosensor.
11  low-dose ionizing radiation
(8 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
Con A (2 times)
HDR (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
2005 Cell cycle regulators modulating con A mitogenesis and apoptosis in low-dose radiation-exposed mice.
12  Local Defect Resonance
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
NDT (2 times)
AM (1 time)
GFRP (1 time)
2015 Detection of defect parameters using nonlinear air-coupled emission by ultrasonic guided waves at contact acoustic nonlinearities.
13  low dose rate brachytherapy
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EBRT (3 times)
HDR (2 times)
RP (2 times)
2001 [Low dose brachytherapy with seeds--an interdisciplinary therapy alternative to radical prostatectomy].
14  low drug resistance
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
EDR (4 times)
IDR (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1998 Heterogeneity of drug resistance in human breast and ovarian cancers.
15  larval development ratio
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AVS (1 time)
DI (1 time)
ELS (1 time)
2003 Effects of three PBDEs on development, reproduction and population growth rate of the harpacticoid copepod Nitocra spinipes.
16  level to dose ratio
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
VPA (3 times)
anti-mTOR (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
1981 Reduction of steady-state valproate levels by other antiepileptic drugs.
17  linear depolarization ratio
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
SNSPD (1 time)
2016 Linear depolarization of lidar returns by aged smoke particles.
18  load deflection rate
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
MEAW (2 times)
NiTi (1 time)
OCRS (1 time)
2001 A study of the regional load deflection rate of multiloop edgewise arch wire.
19  long direct repeat
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Chi (1 time)
IRU (1 time)
ISs (1 time)
1999 Long inverted repeats are an at-risk motif for recombination in mammalian cells.
20  less-drug regimens
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
cART (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
2014 Central nervous system HIV infection in "less-drug regimen" antiretroviral therapy simplification strategies.
21  linear dimensionality reduction
(4 times)
Proteomics
(1 time)
SVM (2 times)
GR (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2008 Linear dimensionality reduction via a heteroscedastic extension of LDA: the Chernoff criterion.
22  labor and delivery room
(3 times)
Anesthesia
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
ICER (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2016 The Influence of Nature Stimulus in Enhancing the Birth Experience.
23  labor, delivery, recovery
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 1991 Count on spending $35,000 per LDR (labor delivery-recovery) unit for monitors and equipment.
24  large dynamic range
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FESEM (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
GCE (2 times)
2017 Ultrasensitive and selective 4-aminophenol chemical sensor development based on nickel oxide nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotube nanocomposites for green environment.
25  long down regulation
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IVF (2 times)
rLH (2 times)
beta-hCG (1 time)
2011 The impact of long down regulation in vitro fertilisation cycles on patients' weight.
26  low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
bRFS (2 times)
cRFS (2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
2017 A Comparison Between Low-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy With or Without Androgen Deprivation, External Beam Radiation Therapy With or Without Androgen Deprivation, and Radical Prostatectomy With or Without Adjuvant or Salvage Radiation Therapy for High-Risk Prostate Cancer.
27  lumbar disc replacement
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2013 Ten-year survival and clinical outcome of the AcroFlex lumbar disc replacement for the treatment of symptomatic disc degeneration.
28  ESLD-listing-to-death ratio
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ESLD (2 times)
LT (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
2021 Black Patients Have Unequal Access to Listing for Liver Transplantation in the United States.
29  laser doppler readings
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BOP (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1995 An evaluation of laser Doppler readings obtained from human gingival sulci.
30  latency delayed rate
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARR (2 times)
BPI (1 time)
CARR (1 time)
2013 Changes of the donor nerve in end-to-side neurorrhaphies with epineurial window and partial neurectomy: a long-term evaluation in the rat model.
31  left distal radial
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2020 Preservation of Radial Vasomotor Functions Through the Anatomic Snuffbox: A Prospective Comparison with other Radial Accesses during Coronary Angiography.
32  leprosy detection rate
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CeD (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2017 Social deprivation index and leprosy in Para State, Brazil, in 2013: spatial analysis.
33  less developed regions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MDR (2 times)
2009 Global drug development in cancer: a cross-sectional study of clinical trial registries.
34  lethal dose ratio
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
7-CP (1 time)
Bti (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of liquid Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis products for control of Australian Aedes arbovirus vectors.
35  leucine disposal rate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MHD (2 times)
GDR (1 time)
HEAC (1 time)
2016 Leucine disposal rate for assessment of amino acid metabolism in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
36  ligand-DNA ratios
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 8-Styryl-substituted coralyne derivatives as DNA binding fluorescent probes.
37  Linderane
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DDIs (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2021 Drug-drug interactions induced by Linderane based on mechanism-based inactivation of CYP2C9 and the molecular mechanisms.
38  liquid digestate recirculation
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
OLR (1 time)
TVFAs (1 time)
2020 Effect of liquid digestate recirculation on biogas production and enzyme activities for anaerobic digestion of corn straw.
39  live-dead ratio
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AGB (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2016 Effect of Surgical and Immunological Castration on Haematological Variables, Reproductive Hormones and Ejaculate Characteristics in Mongrel Dogs.
40  living donor-recipient
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CIL (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2021 Living Donor-Recipient Pair Matching for Liver Transplant via Ternary Tree Representation With Cascade Incremental Learning.
41  location discrimination reversal
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
SZ (1 time)
2018 The location discrimination reversal task in mice is sensitive to deficits in performance caused by aging, pharmacological and other challenges.
42  log dose-response
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
i.c.v (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1980 Log dose/response curve flattening in rats after daily injection of opiates.
43  low density rate
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BGT (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
HDRS (1 time)
1993 Brain atrophy and intellectual impairment in tardive dyskinesia.
44  low-dose rituximab
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
LDKT (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of rituximab dosage for ABO-incompatible living-donor kidney transplantation.
45  lysozyme-DNase-RNase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
KM (1 time)
1997 A new simple assay for determining aminoglycoside inactivation in intact cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
46  followinglow dose rate
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 Resection Cavity Contraction Effects in the Use of Radioactive Sources (1-25 versus Cs-131) for Intra-Operative Brain Implants.
47  labial dentary ridge
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
mAME (1 time)
2018 New Reconstruction of Cranial Musculature in Ornithischian Dinosaurs: Implications for Feeding Mechanisms and Buccal Anatomy.
48  Labor Delivery and Recovery
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HVAC (1 time)
IBOR (1 time)
2021 Contamination of obsterics and gynecology hospital air by bacterial and fungal aerosols associated with nosocomial infections.
49  Laboratory Research Division
(1 time)
Breast Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2009 Report of the EORTC Laboratory Research Division (LDR) Meeting: March 18, 2009, Brussels, Belgium.
50  land disposal restriction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Advances in encapsulation technologies for the management of mercury-contaminated hazardous wastes.
51  large depth range
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EDZ (1 time)
MFPM (1 time)
2019 Depth range enhancement of binary defocusing technique based on multi-frequency phase merging.
52  larger delayed reward
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
PG (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2015 The neural basis of impulsive discounting in pathological gamblers.
53  larvae disappearing reaction
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1986 Sensibility of different larval stages of Schistosoma mansoni to the larvae disappearing reaction (LDR) in murine schistosomiasis (1).
54  larval diving response
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
dpf (1 time)
2022 The larval diving response (LDR): Validation of an automated, high-throughput, ecologically relevant measure of anxiety-related behavior in larval zebrafish (Danio rerio).
55  late diffuse recurrence
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EDR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2021 Diffuse Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Resection: Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) Combined With Sorafenib Versus TACE Monotherapy.
56  late distant recurrence
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTS5 (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2021 Evaluation of the ability of the Clinical Treatment Score at 5 years (CTS5) compared to other risk stratification methods to predict the response to an extended endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients.
57  late DR
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CTS5 (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2020 Validation of CTS5 on a Retrospective Cohort of Real-Life Pre- and Postmenopausal Patients Diagnosed With Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancers: Is It Prognostic?
58  late drain removal
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFA (1 time)
EDR (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2022 Safety evaluation of early drain removal following pancreaticoduodenectomy: A single-center retrospective cohort study.
59  latent defense response
(1 time)
MAMPs (1 time)
NPFs (1 time)
2022 Plant latent defense response to microbial non-pathogenic factors antagonizes compatibility.
60  lateral decubitus radiograph
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
LER (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2011 Computed tomography measurements of parapneumonic effusion indicative of thoracentesis.
61  lateral distributed resonator
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TMDs (1 time)
2021 Flexural band gaps and vibration control of a periodic railway track.
62  lateral dorsal raphe nucleus
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Research on serotonergic neurons in lateral raphe nucleus of rat with intracellular injection HRP technique].
63  Latissimus Dorsi reconstructions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
RRM (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2015 Resource implications of risk-reducing mastectomy and reconstruction.
64  lattice dispersion relation
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
DDA (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
2011 Application of the discrete dipole approximation to very large refractive indices: Filtered coupled dipoles revived.
65  LDR versus SDR
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1999 Systolic and diastolic cardiac function time intervals and exercise capacity in women.
66  leaf damage rating
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FAW (1 time)
2022 Leaf Damage Based Phenotyping Technique and Its Validation Against Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), in Maize.
67  leakage detection rates
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LFLT (1 time)
OFLT (1 time)
2003 A comparison between low-flow leak test and oxygen flush leak test.
68  learner disagreement from experiment resampling
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Towards the optimal design of numerical experiments.
69  length and the diameter of the comet head
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BaP (1 time)
MN (1 time)
SCGE (1 time)
2007 Assessment of the genotoxic potential of benzo(a)pyrene and pp'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha).
70  length of diseased rachides
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NDS (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
RIL (1 time)
2004 Mapping QTL associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight in the Nanda2419 x Wangshuibai population. I. Type II resistance.
71  length to diameter
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1985 An ultrastructural comparison of mesotheliomas with adenocarcinomas of the lung and breast.
72  lesion-disc ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CER (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2014 Differentiation between focal malignant marrow-replacing lesions and benign red marrow deposition of the spine with T2*-corrected fat-signal fraction map using a three-echo volume interpolated breath-hold gradient echo Dixon sequence.
73  leucocyte disappearance reaction
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1978 The leucocoyte disappearance reaction in non-immune acute inflammation.
74  levodopa responsiveness
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
LQ study (1 time)
2019 Comparing two randomized deep brain stimulation trials for Parkinson's disease.
75  lichenoid drug eruption
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ATT (1 time)
2019 Lichenoid drug reaction due to anti-tubercular therapy presenting as erythroderma.
76  lifetime data repository
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1994 HELP the next generation: a new client-server architecture.
77  lift to drag ratio
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AUGs (1 time)
BWBUG (1 time)
SBSO (1 time)
2020 Shape optimization of a blended-wing-body underwater glider using surrogate-based global optimization method IESGO-HSR.
78  ligament to dens ratio
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AAI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2019 Morphometric and functional study of the canine atlantoaxial joint.
79  ligase detection reaction allelic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2012 Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL23R and IL17 with ulcerative colitis risk in a Chinese Han population.
80  ligase detection reaction technique
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
2018 [Genes polymorphism of BIN1 and ApoE in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment from Enshi Tujia area].
81  ligase detection reactions assay
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2010 Association of MDR1 and ERCC1 polymorphisms with response and toxicity to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer patients.
82  ligase-dependent reaction
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
RCA (1 time)
2017 Comparison of the rolling circle amplification and ligase-dependent reaction methods for the identification of opportunistic Exophiala species.
83  light-defocusing plastic rod
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Studies on the light-focusing plastic rod. 11: Preparation of a light-defocusing plastic rod.
84  LINCS Data Registry
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCIC (1 time)
DSGCs (1 time)
LDP (1 time)
2017 Data Portal for the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) program: integrated access to diverse large-scale cellular perturbation response data.
85  linear dynamic detection range
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
MNBs (1 time)
SERS (1 time)
2022 Highly sensitive detection of free testosterone assisted by magnetic nanobeads and gap-enhanced SERS nanotags.
86  linear dynamic response
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
DPV (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2020 Electrochemical sensor based on biochar and reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite for carbendazim determination.
87  linear energy transfer radiation such as gamma- or X-rays
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Impact of Low-dose Ionising Radiation on the Composition of the Gut Microbiota of Mice.
88  Linked Dual Representation
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2013 The Linked Dual Representation model of vocal perception and production.
89  linoleic desaturation ratio
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2022 Quality Evaluation Indices for Soybean Oil in Relation to Cultivar, Application of N Fertiliser and Seed Inoculation with Bradyrhizobium japonicum.
90  liver-disease-related
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SAE (1 time)
2004 Long-term safety of lamivudine treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B.
91  living donor kidney transplant recipients
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DDR (1 time)
HL (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2014 Health literacy of living kidney donors and kidney transplant recipients.
92  load deflection characteristics
(1 time)
Dentofacial Deformities
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
HD (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2019 Effect of oral environment and prescribed fluoride mouthwashes on different types of TMA wires - An in-vivo study.
93  load dependent relaxation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2001 Mathematical modeling of the effect of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump function on load dependent myocardial relaxation.
94  load-to-damage relationship
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI-AKI (1 time)
CrCl (1 time)
2013 Refining the assessment of contrast-induced acute kidney injury: the load-to-damage relationship.
95  loading dose regimen
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
TTO (1 time)
2006 Pharmacologic inhibition of platelet vWF-GPIb alpha interaction prevents coronary artery thrombosis.
96  Local dose rates
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FFF (1 time)
FLAT (1 time)
ICDs (1 time)
2022 Local dose rate effects in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators with flattening filter free and flattened photon radiation.
97  local/distant recurrence
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
OPSCC (1 time)
2021 Mutation patterns in recurrent and/or metastatic oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas in relation to human papillomavirus status.
98  locally deformed-ring
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CCW (1 time)
CW (1 time)
2016 Locally deformed-ring hybrid microlasers exhibiting stable unidirectional emission from a Si waveguide.
99  locus derepression
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
qHTS (1 time)
2008 A quantitative high-throughput screen identifies potential epigenetic modulators of gene expression.
100  log-linear declining relative risk
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
EDR (1 time)
PLE (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2005 Estimation of future mortality rates and life expectancy in chronic medical conditions.