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Abbreviation: LF
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Long forms: 744

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
low frequency
(2145 times)
Physiology
(278 times)
HF (1675 times)
HRV (1051 times)
HR (288 times)
1976 The spectrum of the calling signals, phonotaxis, and the auditory system in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus.
lactoferrin
(1551 times)
Biochemistry
(269 times)
bLF (106 times)
MPO (83 times)
TF (63 times)
1969 The human secretory immunoglobulin system: immunohistoligical localization of gamma A, secretory "piece," and lactoferrin in normal human tissues.
lymphatic filariasis
(628 times)
Tropical Medicine
(353 times)
MDA (278 times)
mf (79 times)
DEC (58 times)
2000 Lymphatic filariasis in the Caribbean region: the opportunity for its elimination and certification.
low-fat
(515 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(175 times)
HF (369 times)
LC (25 times)
MF (20 times)
1977 Carcass components at first estrus of rats on high-fat and low-fat diets: body water, protein, and fat.
lethal factor
(443 times)
Biochemistry
(98 times)
PA (274 times)
EF (166 times)
LT (45 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
low-frequency power
(201 times)
Cardiology
(40 times)
HF (180 times)
HRV (120 times)
SDNN (39 times)
1990 Arm-tracking performance with and without visual feedback in children and adults: developmental changes.
ligamentum flavum
(168 times)
Orthopedics
(63 times)
LSS (32 times)
LSCS (19 times)
LDH (13 times)
1988 Age changes in the lumbar spinal and intervertebral canals.
local failure
(159 times)
Neoplasms
(120 times)
OS (61 times)
RT (31 times)
DM (23 times)
1983 Patterns of failure following surgery alone for colorectal carcinoma.
liver fibrosis
(133 times)
Gastroenterology
(29 times)
HSCs (12 times)
APRI (11 times)
TE (11 times)
1997 [Clinical study on relationship between liver-blood stasis and liver fibrosis].
10  Lassa fever
(110 times)
Communicable Diseases
(22 times)
LASV (48 times)
RT-PCR (7 times)
CFR (5 times)
1977 A neutralization test survey for Lassa Fever activity in Lassa, Nigeria.
11  laser fluorescence
(89 times)
Dentistry
(62 times)
ICDAS (4 times)
BW (3 times)
FC (3 times)
1998 Laser fluorescence detection of demineralization in artificial occlusal fissures.
12  lateral flow
(80 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
RPA (27 times)
UCP (13 times)
POC (8 times)
2001 Use of up-converting phosphor reporters in lateral-flow assays to detect specific nucleic acid sequences: a rapid, sensitive DNA test to identify human papillomavirus type 16 infection.
13  low-frequency component
(78 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
HF (70 times)
HRV (35 times)
HR (11 times)
1990 Sympathetic activation during treadmill exercise in the conscious dog: assessment with spectral analysis of heart period and systolic pressure variabilities.
14  low flow
(76 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
AS (28 times)
NF (26 times)
HF (18 times)
1987 The effect of intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator in a rat model of embolic cerebral ischemia.
15  low-fat diet
(68 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
HF (42 times)
DIO (4 times)
VMH (4 times)
1987 Comparison of the macronutrient intake of healthy controls and children with cystic fibrosis on low fat or nonrestricted fat diets.
16  low frequency band
(61 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
HF (50 times)
HRV (32 times)
HR (13 times)
1990 The influence of exercise intensity on the power spectrum of heart rate variability.
17  lipofuscin
(56 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
RPE (14 times)
MDA (10 times)
AMD (7 times)
1987 Flow cytometric purification of Alzheimer's disease amyloid plaque core protein using thioflavin T.
18  laparoscopic fundoplication
(50 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
GERD (23 times)
PPI (5 times)
MSA (4 times)
1997 Ambulatory laparoscopic fundoplication.
19  ligand field
(49 times)
Chemistry
(43 times)
MLCT (13 times)
DFT (7 times)
PESs (7 times)
1996 (Pyridine)pentaamminechromium(III). Synthesis, Characterization, and Photochemistry.
20  liver failure
(42 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
LT (6 times)
MELD (5 times)
HCC (4 times)
1995 Hepatitis C virus infection and liver failure in patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
21  low-fiber
(36 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
HF (27 times)
DF (5 times)
NDF (5 times)
1983 Effects of avoparcin on ruminal propionate production and amino acid degradation in sheep fed high and low fiber diets.
22  low forage
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
HF (23 times)
DM (4 times)
RFI (4 times)
1995 Comparison of performance of Boer and Spanish goats in two U.S. locations.
23  largest follicle
(31 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
TAI (11 times)
CL (8 times)
SF (8 times)
1991 Increased production of sheep embryos following superovulation of Merino ewes with a combination of pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin and follicle stimulating hormone.
24  lung fibroblasts
(31 times)
Molecular Biology
(12 times)
IPF (6 times)
BLM (5 times)
PDGFRalpha (5 times)
1983 Antiviral activity of enzymatically oxidized caffeic acid against herpesvirus hominis type 1 and type 2.
25  late follicular
(30 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
EF (21 times)
ML (15 times)
EL (8 times)
1984 Progesterone modulation of pulsatile luteinizing hormone secretion in normal women.
26  load force
(30 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
GF (25 times)
9HPT (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1999 Grip force dynamics in the approach to a collision.
27  laminectomy and fusion
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CSM (14 times)
LP (11 times)
JOA (6 times)
2014 Expansive Laminoplasty Versus Laminectomy Alone Versus Laminectomy and Fusion for Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: Is There a Difference in the Clinical Outcome and Sagittal Alignment?
28  Langmuir-Freundlich
(26 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
MIPs (5 times)
AAm (4 times)
CP (4 times)
1997 Interpretation of Competitive Adsorption Isotherms in Terms of Affinity Distributions
29  light field
(26 times)
Medical Informatics
(16 times)
FOV (2 times)
SLM (2 times)
SSIM (2 times)
2011 The light field camera: extended depth of field, aliasing, and superresolution.
30  lymphoid follicles
(26 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
FDCs (4 times)
alpha-SMA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 [Lymphoid follicles of the human large bowel mucosa: structure and function].
31  low-field
(24 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
MRI (5 times)
NMR (5 times)
HF (4 times)
2003 Prediction of technological quality (cooking loss and Napole Yield) of pork based on fresh meat characteristics.
32  fork length
(23 times)
Zoology
(21 times)
FB (1 time)
IG (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2010 Migratory behaviour and survival rates of wild northern Atlantic salmon Salmo salar post-smolts: effects of environmental factors.
33  levator function
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
MRD1 (6 times)
MRD (5 times)
FOOM (2 times)
2001 Repeatability and reproducibility of upper eyelid measurements.
34  liquid fraction
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SF (7 times)
WS (3 times)
HC (2 times)
1983 Isoantibodies to epididymal sperm antigens in BALB/c strain of mice.
35  lung function
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
CF (3 times)
FEV1 (3 times)
FVC (3 times)
1976 Lung function in asymptomatic cigarette smokers--the single breath nitrogen test.
36  low-flux
(21 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
HF (16 times)
HD (13 times)
beta2m (2 times)
1995 Monocyte cell-surface CD14 expression and soluble CD14 antigen in hemodialysis: evidence for chronic exposure to LPS.
37  long form
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
SF (10 times)
MNA (4 times)
PRL (4 times)
2004 The role of cytidine deaminase and GATA1 mutations in the increased cytosine arabinoside sensitivity of Down syndrome myeloblasts and leukemia cell lines.
38  lateral funiculus
(19 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
HRP (4 times)
IC (4 times)
IML (4 times)
1976 [Postactivation inhibition of processes in interneurons transmitting the activity of lateral "descending" systems].
39  leflunomide
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CsA (5 times)
XAb (4 times)
Xg (4 times)
1994 Leflunomide therapy following penetrating keratoplasty in the rat.
40  Lactobacillus fermentum
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
EC (4 times)
LP (4 times)
GF (3 times)
1988 Host-mediated antiviral activity of Lactobacillus casei against cytomegalovirus infection in mice.
41  liver fat
(18 times)
Metabolism
(10 times)
VAT (9 times)
BMI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 High visceral fat mass and high liver fat are associated with resistance to lifestyle intervention.
42  low frequency to high frequency
(17 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HRV (10 times)
SDNN (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
1998 Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood.
43  lacrimal fluid
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
BS (4 times)
POAG (3 times)
AH (2 times)
1999 [Role of kallikrein-kinin system in pathogenesis of eye contusions].
44  liver function
(15 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
BMT (3 times)
HBV (3 times)
AST (2 times)
1990 Complications of bone marrow transplantation in Chinese.
45  low fertility
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
HF (10 times)
AGF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1987 Identification of heritable spermatozoal degeneration within the ductus deferens of the chicken (Gallus domesticus).
46  lumefantrine
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ALu (3 times)
ACPR (2 times)
DLF (2 times)
2005 Development and validation of a bioanalytical method using automated solid-phase extraction and LC-UV for the simultaneous determination of lumefantrine and its desbutyl metabolite in plasma.
47  lumiflavin
(14 times)
Biology
(6 times)
LC (10 times)
RF (7 times)
FMF (5 times)
1989 Ultraviolet radiation-induced photodegradation and 1O2, O2-. production by riboflavin, lumichrome and lumiflavin.
48  labyrinthine fistula
(12 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
COM (3 times)
CT (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2000 Surgical treatment of labyrinthine fistula caused by cholesteatoma.
49  late-feathering
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
EF (5 times)
SPEF2 (4 times)
PRLR (3 times)
1993 Effect of tumor virus susceptibility alleles on the late-feathering gene K on early growth of White Leghorns.
50  Limberg flap
(12 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PSD (4 times)
KF (3 times)
MLF (2 times)
2012 [Pilonidal sinus--a classical plastic procedure according to Limberg (Limberg flap procedure) or its modified version?].
51  low-fat, high-carbohydrate
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HF (10 times)
NMU (2 times)
apoA-I (1 time)
1983 Effect of duration of high fat intake on enhancement of mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
52  lung fibrosis
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
IPF (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
1992 Short- and long-term hemodynamic effects of oral nifedipine in patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to COPD and lung fibrosis. Deleterious effects in patients with restrictive disease.
53  label-free
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
TMT (4 times)
DML (2 times)
SILAC (2 times)
2011 Methods for peptide and protein quantitation by liquid chromatography-multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry.
54  left frontal
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
RF (7 times)
AMS (1 time)
APS (1 time)
1998 Language development in children with simple-partial left-hemisphere epilepsy.
55  levofloxacin
(10 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
HA (2 times)
CLA (1 time)
2009 Carrier-mediated uptake of Levofloxacin by BeWo cells, a human trophoblast cell line.
56  low-fiber diet
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HF (7 times)
NDF (3 times)
BG (2 times)
2000 Effects of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
57  lumbar fusion
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ODI (3 times)
LD (2 times)
ALIF (1 time)
2013 The incidence and mortality of thromboembolic events in lumbar spine surgery.
58  light fraction
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
SOM (3 times)
EPI-YAN (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2009 Soil carbon storage responses to expanding pinyon-juniper populations in southern Utah.
59  low-flavonoid
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
HF (9 times)
CVD (3 times)
BP (1 time)
2001 Effect of dietary quercetin on oxidative DNA damage in healthy human subjects.
60  lower fat
(9 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
HF (5 times)
MF (3 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
2002 Reduced cardiovagal baroreflex gain in visceral obesity: implications for the metabolic syndrome.
61  LFnu
(8 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HF (14 times)
HRV (6 times)
RMSSD (3 times)
2003 The effect of dopamine type-2 receptor blockade on autonomic modulation.
62  limited fasciectomy
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CCH (4 times)
PNF (3 times)
3DF (1 time)
2006 A comparison of the direct outcomes of percutaneous needle fasciotomy and limited fasciectomy for Dupuytren's disease: a 6-week follow-up study.
63  lingual foramina
(8 times)
Anatomy
(5 times)
CBCT (3 times)
MIC (3 times)
MLF (2 times)
2017 Lingual Foramina and Canals of the Mandible: Anatomic Variations in a Lebanese Population.
64  low frequency spectral component
(8 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HF (6 times)
HRV (5 times)
HR (2 times)
1995 Power spectral analysis of heart rate variability during graded head-up tilting in patients with vasodepressor syncope.
65  low to high frequency
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HRV (7 times)
RMSSD (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2011 Cycling cadence affects heart rate variability.
66  laminar flow
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ECs (3 times)
TF (2 times)
CCNA1 (1 time)
2002 Gene expression profiling of human aortic endothelial cells exposed to disturbed flow and steady laminar flow.
67  LF 15-0195
(7 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
DC (3 times)
mAb (3 times)
DSG (2 times)
2003 Synergistic tolerance induced by LF15-0195 and anti-CD45RB monoclonal antibody through suppressive dendritic cells.
68  light flashes
(7 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
AEPs (1 time)
ALTEA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1975 Evolution of average evoked potentials in cats during conditioning before and after tegmental lesions.
69  liquid feed
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
DM (2 times)
DMI (2 times)
TMR (2 times)
2008 Efficacy of liquid feeds varying in concentration and composition of fat, nonprotein nitrogen, and nonfiber carbohydrates for lactating dairy cows.
70  locoregional failure
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RC (3 times)
OS (2 times)
RT (2 times)
2010 Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: diffusion-weighted MR imaging for prediction and monitoring of treatment response.
71  low frequency HRV
(7 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HRV (7 times)
HF (4 times)
SDNN (3 times)
2007 Recovery of heart rate variability in patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea after 6-month continuous positive airway pressure treatment.
72  low-fidelity
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HF (4 times)
SE (3 times)
BCNB (1 time)
2015 Evaluating the impact of high- and low-fidelity instruction in the development of auscultation skills.
73  landfill
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
MSW (3 times)
LFG (2 times)
BA (1 time)
2004 Functional relationships of landfill and landraise capacity with design and operation parameters.
74  latent factor
(6 times)
Cybernetics
(4 times)
HiDS (4 times)
QoS (2 times)
RS (2 times)
2017 Incorporation of Efficient Second-Order Solvers Into Latent Factor Models for Accurate Prediction of Missing QoS Data.
75  lateral femur
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
LT (5 times)
MF (5 times)
MT (5 times)
2010 Bone marrow lesions predict site-specific cartilage defect development and volume loss: a prospective study in older adults.
76  letter fluency
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (2 times)
CF (2 times)
EF (2 times)
2002 Performance on measures of executive function following pediatric traumatic brain injury.
77  low to high frequency ratio
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HRV (4 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
ANS (1 time)
1997 Abnormal passive head-up tilt test in subjects with symptoms of anxiety power spectral analysis study of heart rate and blood pressure.
78  low-fluoride
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
HF (4 times)
CI (2 times)
TF (2 times)
1985 Prevalence of developmental defects of enamel and dental caries in New Zealand children receiving differing fluoride supplementation.
79  low-functioning
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
SPPB (2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
2003 Cognitive decline in high-functioning older adults: reserve or ascertainment bias?
80  lumbar flexion
(6 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(2 times)
BASMI (2 times)
CG (2 times)
CR (2 times)
2005 Dynamic postural balance in ankylosing spondylitis patients.
81  Lyapunov function
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FTS (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
2009 Optimization under frequency-dependent selection.
82  lachrymatory factor
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LFS (2 times)
1-PeCSO (1 time)
2-PeCSO (1 time)
2009 Localizing the chemical forms of sulfur in vivo using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopic imaging: application to onion (Allium cepa) tissues.
83  lactose-free
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
LC (4 times)
PPH (1 time)
SMA (1 time)
1979 Comparative tolerance of elderly from differing ethnic backgrounds to lactose-containing and lactose-free dairy drinks: a double-blind study.
84  laparoscopic fenestration
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
OF (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Factors that influence outcome in non-invasive and invasive treatment in polycystic liver disease patients.
85  laser-induced fluorescence
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GIC (1 time)
MD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1995 Laser-induced fluorescence: III. Quantitative analysis of atherosclerotic plaque content.
86  lavage fluid
(5 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
HP (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
1988 Spontaneous hemolytic activity of rat alveolar lining material.
87  leaf folder
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
BPH (3 times)
JA (3 times)
SA (2 times)
2009 Silencing OsHI-LOX makes rice more susceptible to chewing herbivores, but enhances resistance to a phloem feeder.
88  lentil flour
(5 times)
Meat
(4 times)
RP (3 times)
PPI (2 times)
BBF (1 time)
2005 Quality of low-fat meatballs containing Legume flours as extenders.
89  lip force
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
SC (2 times)
DPY (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
1976 Kinematics of locomotion by cats with a single hindlimb deafferented.
90  lipid-free
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CERM (3 times)
SOF (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
2007 Serum opacity factor unmasks human plasma high-density lipoprotein instability via selective delipidation and apolipoprotein A-I desorption.
91  lipofectin
(5 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
alpha-CDE (1 time)
AS-ODNs (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1991 Inhibition of GFAP synthesis by antisense RNA in astrocytes.
92  Lonicerae Flos
(5 times)
Botany
(1 time)
LJF (3 times)
B. shigae (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2009 Effect of Lonicerae Flos extracts on reflux esophagitis with antioxidant activity.
93  low ferritin
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AIS (2 times)
HF (2 times)
ID (2 times)
1985 Homeostatic mechanisms in the utilization of exogenous iron in children recovering from severe malnutrition.
94  low flexion
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ROM (2 times)
BW (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1983 Concomitant Pavlovian conditioning of heart rate and leg flexion responses in the rat.
95  low in fat
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HF (4 times)
DE (1 time)
EE (1 time)
1986 Adaptive response of rat pancreatic lipase to dietary fat: effects of amount and type of fat.
96  low-fat control diet
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
CO (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1997 Postprandial lipaemia is exacerbated in fat-cholesterol-fed rabbits: relationship to atheroma deposition.
97  lumen fluid
(5 times)
Urology
(4 times)
TE (4 times)
CRISP (2 times)
IF (2 times)
1994 Assessment of protein synthesis and secretion by rat seminiferous and epididymal tubules in vivo.
98  anti-lactoferrin
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ANCA (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1986 Light microscopic, non-immunologic demonstration of iron-binding proteins in hematopoietic cells.
99  labeling fraction
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
DASL (1 time)
1994 Structural alterations in heart valves during left ventricular pressure overload in the rat.
100  lacrimal fossa
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AEF (1 time)
AEF-MCT (1 time)
BNLC (1 time)
2005 Surgical anatomy of the lacrimal fossa a prospective computed tomodensitometry scan analysis.