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Abbreviation: LFD
Appearance Frequency: 873 time(s)
Long forms: 110

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
low-fat diet
(432 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(79 times)
HFD (338 times)
WT (24 times)
DIO (21 times)
1977 Comparison of metabolic alterations in hypothalamic and high fat diet-induced obesity.
lateral flow dipstick
(92 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
LAMP (38 times)
RPA (26 times)
PCR (8 times)
2008 Shrimp Taura syndrome virus detection by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick.
lateral flow device
(80 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
GM (12 times)
IPA (12 times)
BAL (10 times)
2006 Immunoassay as an analytical tool in agricultural biotechnology.
low FODMAP diet
(28 times)
Food
(8 times)
IBS (21 times)
FODMAP (6 times)
IBS-SSS (6 times)
2015 EHealth: self-management in inflammatory bowel disease and in irritable bowel syndrome using novel constant-care web applications. EHealth by constant-care in IBD and IBS.
large-for-dates
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
SFD (16 times)
AFD (10 times)
IDM (1 time)
1975 The infant's self-regulation of food intake and weight gain. Difference in metabolic balance after growth constraint or acceleration in utero.
light-for-date
(19 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
AFD (10 times)
HFD (4 times)
GA (2 times)
1975 Nutrition in low-birth-weight infants. III. Lipolysis and free fatty acid elimination after intravenous administration of fat emulsion.
low-fiber diet
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HFD (9 times)
BP (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
1992 Effect of oat bran on plasma cholesterol and bile acid excretion in nine subjects with ileostomies.
low-frequency depression
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
SVs (2 times)
APs (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
1986 Neuronal experience modifies synaptic long-term facilitation.
liquid fraction of digestate
(8 times)
Technology
(4 times)
AcoD (2 times)
AD (2 times)
AS (2 times)
2014 Promoting anaerobic biogasification of corn stover through biological pretreatment by liquid fraction of digestate (LFD).
10  low-fat control diet
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
HFD (8 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
ALDH2 (1 time)
2012 Over-expression of leptin receptors in hypothalamic POMC neurons increases susceptibility to diet-induced obesity.
11  late fetal deaths
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
END (3 times)
BW (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1979 Perinatal mortality in Sweden. Analyses with international aspects.
12  longest foveation domain
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
INS (6 times)
AT-R (1 time)
CAI (1 time)
2006 Effects of tenotomy on patients with infantile nystagmus syndrome: foveation improvement over a broadened visual field.
13  low foraging demand
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
VFD (5 times)
CRF (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1991 Attachment in monkey infants raised in variable- and low-demand environments.
14  low-fat high-carbohydrate diet
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HFD (4 times)
CTD (3 times)
CPD (2 times)
2009 The effects of varying dietary carbohydrate and fat content on survival in a murine LNCaP prostate cancer xenograft model.
15  leflunomide
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
2015 Transcutaneous delivery of leflunomide nanoemulgel: Mechanistic investigation into physicomechanical characteristics, in vitro anti-psoriatic and anti-melanoma activity.
16  liquid formula diet
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
LA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
MBS (1 time)
1975 The metabolic balance technique: a critical reappraisal.
17  line fraction deviation
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
MIL (4 times)
AP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1998 Comparison of two methods for measuring orientation.
18  local fractal dimension
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DOI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
LCFD (1 time)
2012 Medical image compression based on vector quantization with variable block sizes in wavelet domain.
19  large for dates fetuses
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AFD (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
1984 [Ultrasound measurement of fetal head and body sizes in the assessment of fetal growth].
20  low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IBS-D (2 times)
GI (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
2014 Ehealth: low FODMAP diet vs Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in irritable bowel syndrome.
21  low-fat dairy
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CNT (2 times)
BW (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2013 Increased dairy consumption differentially improves metabolic syndrome markers in male and female adults.
22  low-flow duration
(3 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
ECPR (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2018 Combination of hemoglobin and low-flow duration can predict neurological outcome in the initial phase of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
23  lactose-free diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LBHT (1 time)
LM (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
1988 Lactose malabsorption and recurrent abdominal pain in Italian children.
24  lard fat
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PP (1 time)
PUFA (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2003 Effects of polyphenolic fraction of silymarin on lipoprotein profile in rats fed cholesterol-rich diets.
25  large for date baby
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
SFD (1 time)
1977 Relation of fasting plasma glucose concentration to plasma insulin and glucagon concentrations. Studies in latent diabetics and women who have produced large-for-dates babies.
26  laryngeal focal dystonia
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
V-RQOL (1 time)
2006 [Laryngeal focal dystonia: body investigations that address the mind].
27  late frost defoliation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NDVI (1 time)
2021 Satellite data and machine learning reveal the incidence of late frost defoliations on Iberian beech forests.
28  lateral-flow-device test
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BALF (2 times)
CPA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2018 Diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in hematological malignancy patients: Performance of cytokines, Asp LFD, and Aspergillus PCR in same day blood and bronchoalveolar lavage samples.
29  lethal fetal diagnosis
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2011 "My baby is a person": parents' experiences with life-threatening fetal diagnosis.
30  light field display
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BRT (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
FOV (1 time)
2019 Backward ray tracing based high-speed visual simulation for light field display and experimental verification.
31  line frequency deviation
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
MIL (2 times)
2006 A sensitive method for measuring spatial orientation in bone structures.
32  lipid-free dry
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
BAT (2 times)
DIT (1 time)
1984 Genetic analysis of brown adipose tissue, obesity and growth in mice.
33  liquid finisher diet
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CW (2 times)
LGD (2 times)
LWS (2 times)
2001 Fermentation of liquid coproducts and liquid compound diets: Part 1. Effects on chemical composition during a 6-day storage period.
34  Lisfranc joint fracture dislocations
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
CLFD (2 times)
4 feet (1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
2010 The Treatment of Lisfranc Injuries: Review of Current Literature.
35  local filter diagonalization
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2015 Optimized multi-site local orbitals in the large-scale DFT program CONQUEST.
36  localized fat deposits
(2 times)
Surgery, Plastic
(2 times)
LFDs (1 time)
2012 Anatomical study of superficial fascia and localized fat deposits of abdomen.
37  long-focal-depth
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
MCFMs (1 time)
THz (1 time)
2011 Metallic cylindrical focusing micromirrors with long axial focal depth or increased lateral resolution.
38  Longitudinal fibular deficiency
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
--- 2019 Longitudinal Fibular Deficiency: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Lower Limb Function of Children and Young People with That of Unaffected Peers.
39  low frequency drop
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MTF (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
DTF (1 time)
2005 Validation of MTF measurement for digital mammography quality control.
40  low-fat chow diet
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HFD (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
2013 Reversal of diet-induced obesity increases insulin transport into cerebrospinal fluid and restores sensitivity to the anorexic action of central insulin in male rats.
41  low-fat diet group
(2 times)
Inflammation
(1 time)
HFD (2 times)
BCA (1 time)
HFDE (1 time)
2017 Withania somnifera as a potential candidate to ameliorate highfat diet-induced anxiety and neuroinflammation.
42  Low-fluoride dentifrices
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TMP (2 times)
CaGP (1 time)
SH (1 time)
2015 In vitro effect of low-fluoride toothpastes containing sodium trimetaphosphate on enamel erosion.
43  low-functioning deaf
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
--- 2003 Enhancing reading ability to prevent students from becoming "low-functioning deaf" as adults.
44  lung function decline
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (1 time)
DeltaFEV1 (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
2016 Symptoms and lung function decline in a middle-aged cohort of males and females in Australia.
45  aspergillus-lateral flow device
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BDG (1 time)
DOR (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2018 The performance of galactomannan in combination with 1,3-beta-D-glucan or aspergillus-lateral flow device for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis: Evidences from 13 studies.
46  control-low fat diet
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CRFR1 (1 time)
CRFR2 (1 time)
ERalpha (1 time)
2014 High fat diet decreases beneficial effects of estrogen on serotonin-related gene expression in marmosets.
47  label-free detection
(1 time)
MEF (1 time)
2010 Metal Enhanced Intrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins and Label-Free Bioassays.
48  laminar flow deposition process
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
SWNT (1 time)
2012 Bulk purification and deposition methods for selective enrichment in high aspect ratio single-walled carbon nanotubes.
49  LAMP combined with a chromatographic flow dipstick
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
LAMP (1 time)
2020 Improvement and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with chromatographic flow dipstick assays for Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
50  LAMP-Lateral Flow Dipstick
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
LAMP (1 time)
2018 Time Course of Detection of Human Male DNA from Stained Blood Sample on Various Surfaces by Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification and Polymerase Chain Reaction.
51  laparoscopic fluorescence diagnosis
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HB (1 time)
WL (1 time)
2006 Laparoscopic fluorescence diagnosis of peritoneal metastases from human hepatoblastoma in nude rats.
52  large fragment demineralization
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
--- 2021 Large fragment demineralization: an alternative pretreatment for forensic DNA typing of bones.
53  large-for-dates infants
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Follow-up of women with large-for-dates infants. Early insulin and C-peptide response to intravenous glucose, blood lipids and HLA-types.
54  largest follicle diameter
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Enhancing follicular growth as a prerequisite for GnRH treatment of true anestrum in buffalo.
55  largest ovarian follicle diameter
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BAP (1 time)
WLH (1 time)
2019 Bilateral apex pubis distance:a novel index for follicular development and egg laying status in domestic hens (Gallus gallus domesticus).
56  laser frequency drifting
(1 time)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
DFB (1 time)
OTDR (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2021 Ultra-low frequency dynamic strain detection with laser frequency drifting compensation based on a random fiber grating array.
57  last first day of school
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2020 [Characteristics of the last first day of classes: a new rite of passage among students who finish high school].
58  last frost day
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
FD (1 time)
FFD (1 time)
2019 Changes in agro-climatic indices related to temperature in Central Chile.
59  late fetal death rates
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
END (1 time)
1979 Perinatal mortality in Sweden. Analyses with international aspects.
60  lateral chromatographic flow dipstick
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BIP (1 time)
FIP (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2018 Improvement and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a chromatographic flow dipstick assay and utilization in detection of Vibrio cholerae.
61  lateral fibril dimensions
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SSA (1 time)
2015 Impact of the supramolecular structure of cellulose on the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis.
62  lateral flow detection
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ASF (1 time)
ASFV (1 time)
CSFV (1 time)
2019 Rapid and Sensitive Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Combined With Lateral Flow Strip for Detecting African Swine Fever Virus.
63  lateral flow dipstick-based
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DHFR-TS (1 time)
LAMP (1 time)
Pf (1 time)
2017 Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification and LFD Combination for Detection of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax.
64  lateral flow immunoassay antigen device
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2021 Real-world evaluation of COVID-19 lateral flow device (LFD) mass-testing in healthcare workers at a London hospital; a prospective cohort analysis.
65  lateral flow immunochromatographic device
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MTBC (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2017 Multilaboratory Evaluation of a Novel Lateral Flow Immunochromatographic Assay for Confirming Isolation of Mycobacterium bovis from Veterinary Diagnostic Specimens.
66  lateral-flow dipstick assay
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DENV (1 time)
RAA (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2020 Rapid visual detection of dengue virus by combining reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification with lateral-flow dipstick assay.
67  leaf and flower drug
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TF (1 time)
2007 Variability of total flavonoids in Crataegus--factor evaluation for the monitored production of industrial starting material.
68  leaf damage
(1 time)
Genome, Plant
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2015 Association Mapping for Fusarium Wilt Resistance in Chinese Asparagus Bean Germplasm.
69  Lebedev Finite Difference
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
NDE (1 time)
2018 Lebedev scheme for ultrasound simulation in composites.
70  left foot dorsal
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
FIR (1 time)
FSST (1 time)
2020 The effectiveness of far-infrared irradiation on foot skin surface temperature and heart rate variability in healthy adults over 50 years of age: A randomized study.
71  length frequency distribution
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADV (1 time)
2020 Admissible dissimilarity value (ADV) as a measure of subsampling reliability: case study North Sea cod (Gadus morhua).
72  length-frequency data
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CSs (1 time)
DLMs (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of management procedures for a length-frequency data-limited fishery.
73  lesion-to-eloquent fibre tracts distance
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
3D-TOF-MRA (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2017 Risk factors for neurological deficits after surgical treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations supplied by deep perforating arteries.
74  less frequent dosing
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ELBW (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2010 Twice-weekly fluconazole prophylaxis in premature infants: association with cholestasis.
75  LF plus DMBA
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
HF (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2017 Obesity enhances carcinogen 7, 12-Dimethylbenz [a] anthracene -induced tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo.
76  LFD supplemented with either placebo
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
B-GOS (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
2020 β-Galactooligosaccharide in Conjunction With Low FODMAP Diet Improves Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms but Reduces Fecal Bifidobacteria.
77  ligament fixation device
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 Comparative evaluation of different anchoring techniques for synthetic cruciate ligaments. A biomechanical and animal investigation.
78  ligamentum flavum depth
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2017 Assessing the Agreement Between Radiologic and Clinical Measurements of Lumbar and Cervical Epidural Depths in Patients Undergoing Prone Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injection.
79  ligamentum flavum-dura mater complex
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Influence of age, laterality, patient position, and spinal level on the interlamina space for spinal puncture.
80  light for date infants
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
1991 Maternal glucose loading and fetal cardiac function in humans.
81  light for dates babies
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
1983 Unconjugated estradiol, estriol and total estriol in maternal peripheral vein, cord vein, and cord artery serum at delivery in pregnancies with intrauterine growth retardation.
82  light, and was not different for mothers/litters exposed to low
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
SLC (1 time)
1990 Voluntary and involuntary maternal separation in guinea pig pups with mothers required to forage.
83  light-for-date neonate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
GW (1 time)
HDP (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2017 Factors associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with systematic lupus erythematosus.
84  lipid fluorescence density
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CAFD (1 time)
2015 Three-Dimensional Simulation of Ultrasound-Induced Microalgal Cell Disruption.
85  Long Evans rats were pair-fed low
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
2011 High fat diet induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance: Role of dysregulated ceramide metabolism.
86  long farrowing duration
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
SFD (1 time)
2021 The differences in energy metabolism and redox status between sows with short and long farrowing duration.
87  Longitudinal faculty development
(1 time)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2021 Experiential learning, collaboration and reflection: key ingredients in longitudinal faculty development.
88  Lorentz force detuning
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SCRF (1 time)
2021 A novel method for Lorentz force detuning compensation in multi-cell superconducting RF cavity and its validation at room temperature.
89  low face dissatisfaction
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2016 Attentional Biases toward Face-Related Stimuli among Face Dissatisfied Women: Orienting and Maintenance of Attention Revealed by Eye-Movement.
90  low fat diet pellet
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LS (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2011 Differential effects of chow and purified diet on the consumption of sucrose solution and lard and the development of obesity.
91  low fat vitamin D adequate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
EPM (1 time)
LF (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2014 No role for vitamin D or a moderate fat diet in aging induced cognitive decline and emotional reactivity in C57BL/6 mice.
92  low fat/low cholesterol diet
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
WSD (1 time)
2013 Maternal Western-style high fat diet induces sex-specific physiological and molecular changes in two-week-old mouse offspring.
93  low Fe diet
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IDA (1 time)
PMSG (1 time)
2020 Iron deficiency induces female infertile in order to failure of follicular development in mice.
94  low fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides, and polyols diet
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2021 Effect of Low FODMAPs Diet on Irritable Bowel Syndromes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials.
95  low follicular density
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ddI (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
1994 Percutaneous absorption of 2',3'-dideoxyinosine in rats.
96  low frequency dispersion
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RH (1 time)
2008 Temperature-dependent dielectric properties of slightly hydrated horn keratin.
97  low frequency synaptic depression
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1984 Development of habituation in the crayfish due to selective weakening of electrical synapses.
98  low fructose diet
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
2020 Decreased Consumption of Added Fructose Reduces Waist Circumference and Blood Glucose Concentration in Patients with Overweight and Obesity. The DISFRUTE Study: A Randomised Trial in Primary Care.
99  low NDF digestibility group
(1 time)
Animal Husbandry
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
NDF (1 time)
2018 Relationship between the structure and composition of rumen microorganisms and the digestibility of neutral detergent fibre in goats.
100  low-fat diet control
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2011 Bioactives from bitter melon enhance insulin signaling and modulate acyl carnitine content in skeletal muscle in high-fat diet-fed mice.