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Abbreviation: LM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
light microscopy
(1278 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(118 times)
SEM (438 times)
TEM (314 times)
EM (277 times)
1974 Probable L-forms of Nocardia asteroides induced in cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages.
Listeria monocytogenes
(572 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(175 times)
LLO (26 times)
NK (24 times)
WT (18 times)
1975 Antitumor activity of bacterial infection. II. effect of Listeria monocytogenes on growth of a guinea pig hepatoma.
lean mass
(397 times)
Metabolism
(70 times)
FM (248 times)
BMD (102 times)
DXA (93 times)
1996 [Post-therapeutic changes in body composition of patients with Graves' disease].
left main
(390 times)
Cardiology
(253 times)
LAD (107 times)
PCI (96 times)
CAD (60 times)
1976 Atherosclerotic narrowing of the left main coronary artery. A necropsy analysis of 152 patients with fatal coronary heart disease and varying degrees of left main narrowing.
liver metastases
(290 times)
Neoplasms
(130 times)
CRC (62 times)
OS (59 times)
PFS (20 times)
1975 The metastatic patterns of osteosarcoma.
leptomeningeal metastasis
(285 times)
Neoplasms
(173 times)
CSF (87 times)
NSCLC (73 times)
EGFR (46 times)
1990 Polyradiculopathy in leptomeningeal metastasis: the role of EMG and late response studies.
lentigo maligna
(209 times)
Dermatology
(150 times)
LMM (79 times)
RCM (23 times)
MMS (17 times)
1980 The radiotherapy of lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanoma of the head and neck.
laminin
(196 times)
Cell Biology
(33 times)
FN (102 times)
ECM (57 times)
BM (20 times)
1981 Role of basal lamina in neoplastic disorganization of tissue architecture.
Levenberg-Marquardt
(147 times)
Medical Informatics
(32 times)
ANN (26 times)
MSE (10 times)
RMSE (10 times)
1989 Ability of the Lapicque and Blair strength-duration curves to fit experimentally obtained data from the dog heart.
10  laparoscopic myomectomy
(136 times)
Gynecology
(70 times)
AM (10 times)
LH (6 times)
LUAO (6 times)
2000 Pregnancy outcome and deliveries following laparoscopic myomectomy.
11  longissimus muscle
(113 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(60 times)
IMF (11 times)
BW (10 times)
SM (7 times)
1986 Longissimus muscle quality, palatability and connective tissue histological characteristics of bulls and steers fed different energy levels and slaughtered at four ages.
12  lymphatic malformation
(104 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
VM (15 times)
AVM (9 times)
CM (6 times)
1997 Management of head and neck lymphatic malformations in children.
13  lumbar multifidus
(96 times)
Physical Medicine
(19 times)
LBP (29 times)
TrA (28 times)
EMG (16 times)
2006 Measurement of lumbar multifidus muscle contraction with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging.
14  lateral meniscus
(83 times)
Orthopedics
(31 times)
MM (48 times)
ACL (37 times)
MRI (15 times)
1991 Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of knee injuries.
15  liquid metal
(82 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(29 times)
EGaIn (10 times)
LCE (6 times)
Ga (3 times)
1992 The effect of meal frequency on postprandial thermogenesis in obese children.
16  Lund-Mackay
(75 times)
Otolaryngology
(56 times)
CRS (36 times)
CT (30 times)
ESS (15 times)
2007 New radiological typing system for rhinosinusitis and comparison with existing system: initial finding.
17  leiomyoma
(74 times)
Pathology
(27 times)
LMS (50 times)
STUMP (7 times)
ER (6 times)
1986 Characterization of the nuclear progesterone receptor in human uterine leiomyoma.
18  left main coronary artery
(71 times)
Cardiology
(41 times)
LAD (19 times)
RCA (16 times)
LCX (15 times)
1989 Stenotic lesions and length of the left main coronary artery in the aged.
19  lipomannan
(69 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
LAM (51 times)
PIMs (20 times)
Mtb (8 times)
1992 Lipoarabinomannan. Multiglycosylated form of the mycobacterial mannosylphosphatidylinositols.
20  longitudinal muscle
(67 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
CM (42 times)
ICC (7 times)
ACh (5 times)
1980 Neurally mediated contraction of ileal longitudinal muscle by substance P.
21  laryngeal mask
(59 times)
Anesthesiology
(39 times)
ETT (10 times)
LT (3 times)
CMV (2 times)
1989 [Laryngeal mask--a newly designed oral airway].
22  Logical Memory
(57 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
VR (9 times)
MCI (8 times)
WMS-R (8 times)
1987 Logical memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale: age and education norms and alternate-form reliability of two scoring systems.
23  lactose malabsorption
(46 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
LI (14 times)
IBS (7 times)
LTT (4 times)
1977 Lactose malabsorption among the Pima indians of Arizona.
24  longissimus dorsi muscle
(43 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
IMF (14 times)
ADG (4 times)
FASN (3 times)
1994 Evaluation of Longissimus dorsi muscle pH at three hours Post mortem as a predictor of beef tenderness.
25  laser microdissection
(38 times)
Botany
(13 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
2003 SPAM1 (PH-20) protein and mRNA expression in the epididymides of humans and macaques: utilizing laser microdissection/RT-PCR.
26  lateromedial
(37 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
AP (10 times)
AL (7 times)
PA (7 times)
1983 Retinotopic organization of striate and extrastriate visual cortex in the hooded rat.
27  laryngomalacia
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(20 times)
SGP (4 times)
SwD (3 times)
FEES (2 times)
2008 Late-onset laryngomalacia: a variant of disease.
28  lifestyle medicine
(31 times)
Health Behavior
(19 times)
ACLM (3 times)
LMIGs (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2014 The impact of an immersive elective on learners' understanding of lifestyle medicine and its role in patients' lives.
29  littermate
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
KO (5 times)
BDNF (2 times)
BM (2 times)
1976 Parathyroid hormone as a possible causal factor in osteopetrosis of the tl rat.
30  landmark
(29 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
US (10 times)
CVC (4 times)
CT (2 times)
2005 Randomized, controlled clinical trial of point-of-care limited ultrasonography assistance of central venous cannulation: the Third Sonography Outcomes Assessment Program (SOAP-3) Trial.
31  longissimus
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
SM (8 times)
ST (5 times)
RM (4 times)
1986 Effects of low-voltage electrical stimulation during exsanguination on meat quality and display colour stability.
32  longitudinal melanonychia
(27 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
SUM (2 times)
BD (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
1990 Nail biting and picking as a possible cause of longitudinal melanonychia. A study of 6 cases.
33  linear model
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
TM (3 times)
CLM (2 times)
GAM (2 times)
2002 National evaluation for calving ease, gestation length and birth weight by linear and threshold model methodologies.
34  lentiformis mesencephali
(25 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
nBOR (15 times)
AOS (5 times)
IO (4 times)
1985 Direction-selective single units in the nucleus lentiformis mesencephali of the pigeon (Columba livia).
35  lipid mediator
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SPM (10 times)
SPMs (5 times)
Rv (4 times)
2012 Specific lipid mediator signatures of human phagocytes: microparticles stimulate macrophage efferocytosis and pro-resolving mediators.
36  lipid microspheres
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
NCTD (2 times)
SHR (2 times)
AS013 (1 time)
1986 Enhancement of anti-inflammatory effects of biphenylylacetic acid by its incorporation into lipid microspheres.
37  low-methoxyl
(24 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
HM (9 times)
DEE (2 times)
R10h (2 times)
2002 Microstructure and rheological behavior of pure and mixed pectin gels.
38  leptomeningeal
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CSF (6 times)
BC (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
1994 Primary culture of human leptomeningeal cells in serum-free medium.
39  lateral mass
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
CT (5 times)
ROM (3 times)
TAL (3 times)
2009 Lamina-guided lateral mass screw placement in the sub-axial cervical spine.
40  leg movements
(20 times)
Psychophysiology
(12 times)
PLMS (13 times)
RLS (7 times)
PLM (6 times)
1986 Fetal responses to acoustic stimulation depend on heart rate variability pattern, stimulus intensity and repetition.
41  lymphatic metastasis
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DM (5 times)
OS (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1992 [Flow cytometric analysis in non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma and its prognostic significance].
42  lichen myxedematosus
(19 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
IVIG (3 times)
SM (3 times)
A/G (1 time)
1998 Lichen myxoedematosus associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection--report of two cases and review of the literature.
43  lymphatic mapping
(18 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
SLN (8 times)
SLNB (5 times)
CRC (3 times)
2001 Validation of lymphatic mapping in colorectal cancer: in vivo, ex vivo, and laparoscopic techniques.
44  Lagrange multiplier
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CUP-BC (2 times)
CUP-FM (2 times)
OECD (2 times)
1990 Model Modification in Covariance Structure Modeling: A Comparison among Likelihood Ratio, Lagrange Multiplier, and Wald Tests.
45  lean body mass
(17 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
FM (10 times)
BMI (5 times)
BMD (3 times)
2000 Body composition during GH treatment in Prader-Labhardt-Willi syndrome.
46  lifestyle modification
(17 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
MD (3 times)
2008 Identifying health-related quality of life (HRQL) domains for multiple chronic conditions (diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia): patient and provider perspectives.
47  luminance-modulated
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CM (16 times)
CE (1 time)
dMAE (1 time)
1999 Does early non-linearity account for second-order motion?
48  leg muscle
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
BM (7 times)
CIM (3 times)
IMF (3 times)
1989 Muscle protein turnover and tenderness in broiler chickens fed cimaterol.
49  lactate minimum
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
MLSS (7 times)
HR (3 times)
LMT (3 times)
1993 Estimation of an individual equilibrium between lactate production and catabolism during exercise.
50  left main artery
(13 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
RCA (9 times)
LAD (7 times)
LCX (5 times)
1977 Effect of coronary bypass surgery on longevity in high and low risk patients. Report from the V.A. Cooperative Coronary Surgery Study.
51  lateral-medial
(12 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AP (4 times)
PA (3 times)
DV (2 times)
1999 A comparison of different intensity modulation treatment techniques for tangential breast irradiation.
52  list-mode
(12 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
MLEM (3 times)
PET (3 times)
2007 Two-dimensional vs three-dimensional imaging in whole body oncologic PET/CT: a Discovery-STE phantom and patient study.
53  Liliequist membrane
(11 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
ETV (7 times)
4D-VM (1 time)
ACoA (1 time)
2006 The effects of fenestration of the interpeduncular cistern membrane arousted to the opening of lamina terminalis in patients with ruptured ACoA aneurysms: a prospective, comparative study.
54  Limousin
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CH (6 times)
HF (4 times)
SNP (3 times)
2005 Estimation of correlation between maternal permanent environmental effects of related dams in beef cattle.
55  longissimus dorsi
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
IMF (4 times)
MyHC (2 times)
35AL (1 time)
2009 Estimating intramuscular fat content and fatty acid composition in live and post-mortem samples in pigs.
56  linked mastoids
(10 times)
Neurosciences
(5 times)
REST (9 times)
AR (8 times)
EEG (7 times)
2007 The effect of reference choices on the spatio-temporal analysis of brain evoked potentials: the use of infinite reference.
57  liquid marble
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
COCs (1 time)
Ctrl group (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
2014 Liquid marbles for high-throughput biological screening of anchorage-dependent cells.
58  low mobility
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
HM (10 times)
EPM (4 times)
LN (2 times)
1977 Electrokinetic properties and mitogen responsiveness of mouse splenic B and T lymphocytes following hydrocortisone treatment.
59  lymphocytic myocarditis
(10 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LV (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
ARVC (1 time)
1999 Enteroviral genome in native hearts may influence outcome of patients who undergo cardiac transplantation.
60  lateromedial area
(9 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
FB (3 times)
FF (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1993 Visualization of dendritic morphology of cortical projection neurons by retrograde axonal tracing.
61  lean management
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
EDOC (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
2004 Effectiveness of manual physical therapy to the cervical spine in the management of lateral epicondylalgia: a retrospective analysis.
62  learning and memory
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
APE (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1997 A 'Neural Sampling Theory (NST)' of learning and memory mechanisms.
63  lincomycin
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AGP (3 times)
CM (3 times)
EM (3 times)
1992 [Antibacterial activity of rokitamycin against fresh clinical isolates].
64  luminol
(9 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
CL (7 times)
LC (6 times)
LPO (4 times)
1989 In vivo indicator dilution kinetics of PAH transport in dog kidney.
65  lupus myocarditis
(9 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
SLE (6 times)
CMR (2 times)
LVEF (2 times)
2012 A contemporary case series of lupus myocarditis.
66  lymphomatous meningitis
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PCNSL (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
NHL (3 times)
1993 Involved-field radiotherapy and intra-Ommaya methotrexate/cytarabine in patients with AIDS-related lymphomatous meningitis.
67  language model
(8 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(3 times)
AM (2 times)
ATC (2 times)
BCI (2 times)
2004 Text generation from Taiwanese Sign Language using a PST-based language model for augmentative communication.
68  low-methoxylated
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HM (6 times)
AM (2 times)
beta-LG (1 time)
1985 Effect of wheat bran and pectin on the absorption and retention of phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and zinc by the growing pig.
69  lumefantrine
(8 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CQ (4 times)
PQ (4 times)
AQ (2 times)
2009 Plasmodium berghei ANKA: selection of resistance to piperaquine and lumefantrine in a mouse model.
70  lymphoid malignancies
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
NHL (3 times)
HL (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
1996 Incidence and characteristics of lymphoid malignancies in untreated myelodysplastic syndromes.
71  L-menthol
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
BLM (1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
1999 The posterior nasal nerve plays an important role on cardiopulmonary reflexes to nasal application of capsaicin, distilled water and l-menthol in anesthetized dogs.
72  lactulose mannitol
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
IP (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
1996 Increased intestinal permeability during cytomegalovirus infection in renal transplant recipients.
73  language-matched
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
AM (5 times)
SLI (5 times)
CA (1 time)
1995 Morphological usage and awareness in children with and without specific language impairment.
74  ligation-mediated
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
JNK (1 time)
LAM-PCR (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2000 Rearrangement of chromatin domains during development in Xenopus.
75  lime mud
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BTs (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
AlN (1 time)
2009 Utilization of pulp and paper industrial wastes to remove heavy metals from metal finishing wastewater.
76  limonene
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
My (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
AMG (1 time)
2008 Impact of model perfumes on surfactant and mixed surfactant self-assembly.
77  linemen
(7 times)
Physical Education and Training
(5 times)
BSP (2 times)
NFL (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2008 The National Football League Combine: performance differences between drafted and nondrafted players entering the 2004 and 2005 drafts.
78  lipid metabolism
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CWPs (1 time)
1988 [Function of the microcirculatory system during the long-term regression of the early stages of atherogenesis].
79  liquid membrane
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SLM (3 times)
DP (2 times)
MC (2 times)
2005 Recovery of phenol from aqueous solution by supported liquid membrane using vegetable oils as liquid membrane.
80  N-lauryl-beta-D-maltopyranoside
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
MM (5 times)
FDs (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
1995 Molecular weight-dependent lymphatic transfer of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled dextrans after intrapulmonary administration and effects of various absorption enhancers on the lymphatic transfer of drugs in rats.
81  Laboratory Medicine
(6 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
EFLM (2 times)
EQA (1 time)
EU (1 time)
2007 Assessing resident competency in laboratory medicine.
82  lactose maldigestion
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IBS (3 times)
FM (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1992 Is cow's milk suitable for the dietary supplementation of rural Gambian children? 1. Prevalence of lactose maldigestion.
83  laryngeal mask airway
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
CRF (1 time)
HT (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1993 [Effects of laryngeal mask airway on circulation and on incidence of postoperative sore throat and hoarseness].
84  lateral malleolus
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TA (2 times)
BM (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2004 Hybrid external fixation of distal tibial fractures: new strategy to place pins and wires without penetrating the anterior compartment.
85  lateral margin
(6 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EGC (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1999 Lateral masking: limitations of the feature interaction account.
86  lateral to medial
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ML (5 times)
5YDFS (1 time)
5yOS (1 time)
1999 Should distal interlocking of tibial nails be performed from a medial or a lateral direction? anatomical and biomechanical considerations.
87  lauryl maltoside
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CcO (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1987 Detergent-assisted refolding of guanidinium chloride-denatured rhodanese. The effects of the concentration and type of detergent.
88  leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
ALK (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
2003 Durable remission of leptomeningeal metastasis of breast cancer with letrozole: a case report and implications of biomarkers on treatment selection.
89  lesion mimic
(6 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
Xoo (2 times)
APR (1 time)
2005 Characterization of four rice mutants with alterations in the defence response pathway.
90  leukotriene modifiers
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ICS (5 times)
AR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the utilization patterns of leukotriene modifiers in a large managed care health plan.
91  loose matrix
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
IPH (4 times)
LRNC (4 times)
CA (3 times)
2011 Segmentation of carotid plaque using multicontrast 3D gradient echo MRI.
92  low molecular weight
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Cd-MT (1 time)
Cryg (1 time)
Elo (1 time)
1985 Electrophoretic variation in low molecular weight lens crystallins from inbred strains of rats.
93  lumbar multifidus muscle
(6 times)
Bone Diseases
(1 time)
LBP (3 times)
NMES (3 times)
MVIC (2 times)
2016 Changes in deep lumbar stabilizing muscle thickness by transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation in patients with low back pain.
94  lung macrophage
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AO (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1983 Decreased bactericidal function and impaired respiratory burst in lung macrophages after sustained in vitro hyperoxia.
95  lung malignancy
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HM (3 times)
HR (2 times)
MWA (2 times)
1990 Sensitivity to thermochemotherapy of AKR lymphoma and B16 melanoma variants of malignancy.
96  lactate minimum test
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
ALD (1 time)
CS (1 time)
Futsal_circuit (1 time)
2012 Feed restriction and a diet's caloric value: The influence on the aerobic and anaerobic capacity of rats.
97  laser myringotomy
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
VT (5 times)
OME (4 times)
MEE (2 times)
2001 Laser myringotomy in different age groups.
98  late miscarriage
(5 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
BV (3 times)
PTB (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 Predictive value for preterm birth of abnormal vaginal flora, bacterial vaginosis and aerobic vaginitis during the first trimester of pregnancy.
99  late-maturing
(5 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
EM (3 times)
AP (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1992 Response of early- and late-maturing commercial Leghorn pullets to low levels of dietary phosphorus.
100  lateral mammillary nucleus
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
5-HT1AR (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1989 Descending projections to the mammillary nuclei in the rat, as studied by retrograde and anterograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase.