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Abbreviation: LM
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Long forms: 876

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
light microscopy
(1344 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(127 times)
SEM (461 times)
TEM (321 times)
EM (282 times)
1974 Probable L-forms of Nocardia asteroides induced in cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages.
Listeria monocytogenes
(631 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(176 times)
LLO (28 times)
NK (24 times)
DCs (19 times)
1975 Antitumor activity of bacterial infection. II. effect of Listeria monocytogenes on growth of a guinea pig hepatoma.
left main
(443 times)
Cardiology
(278 times)
LAD (117 times)
PCI (117 times)
CAD (63 times)
1976 Atherosclerotic narrowing of the left main coronary artery. A necropsy analysis of 152 patients with fatal coronary heart disease and varying degrees of left main narrowing.
lean mass
(440 times)
Metabolism
(74 times)
FM (268 times)
BMD (115 times)
DXA (99 times)
1996 [Post-therapeutic changes in body composition of patients with Graves' disease].
liver metastases
(344 times)
Neoplasms
(155 times)
CRC (73 times)
OS (70 times)
PFS (21 times)
1975 The metastatic patterns of osteosarcoma.
leptomeningeal metastasis
(339 times)
Neoplasms
(202 times)
CSF (118 times)
NSCLC (89 times)
EGFR (52 times)
1990 Polyradiculopathy in leptomeningeal metastasis: the role of EMG and late response studies.
lentigo maligna
(219 times)
Dermatology
(157 times)
LMM (81 times)
RCM (23 times)
MMS (18 times)
1980 The radiotherapy of lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanoma of the head and neck.
laminin
(200 times)
Cell Biology
(33 times)
FN (105 times)
ECM (59 times)
BM (20 times)
1981 Role of basal lamina in neoplastic disorganization of tissue architecture.
Levenberg-Marquardt
(172 times)
Medical Informatics
(33 times)
ANN (33 times)
MSE (15 times)
RMSE (12 times)
1989 Ability of the Lapicque and Blair strength-duration curves to fit experimentally obtained data from the dog heart.
10  laparoscopic myomectomy
(145 times)
Gynecology
(75 times)
AM (10 times)
LH (6 times)
LUAO (6 times)
2000 Pregnancy outcome and deliveries following laparoscopic myomectomy.
11  liquid metal
(133 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(44 times)
EGaIn (14 times)
LCE (8 times)
Ga (5 times)
1992 The effect of meal frequency on postprandial thermogenesis in obese children.
12  longissimus muscle
(116 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(60 times)
BW (12 times)
IMF (12 times)
SM (7 times)
1986 Longissimus muscle quality, palatability and connective tissue histological characteristics of bulls and steers fed different energy levels and slaughtered at four ages.
13  lymphatic malformation
(114 times)
General Surgery
(39 times)
VM (16 times)
AVM (9 times)
CM (6 times)
1997 Management of head and neck lymphatic malformations in children.
14  lumbar multifidus
(112 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
LBP (31 times)
TrA (31 times)
EMG (16 times)
2006 Measurement of lumbar multifidus muscle contraction with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging.
15  lateral meniscus
(95 times)
Orthopedics
(32 times)
MM (53 times)
ACL (43 times)
MRI (19 times)
1991 Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of knee injuries.
16  Lund-Mackay
(92 times)
Otolaryngology
(69 times)
CRS (44 times)
CT (35 times)
ESS (19 times)
2007 New radiological typing system for rhinosinusitis and comparison with existing system: initial finding.
17  left main coronary artery
(80 times)
Cardiology
(47 times)
LAD (23 times)
LCX (18 times)
RCA (17 times)
1989 Stenotic lesions and length of the left main coronary artery in the aged.
18  leiomyoma
(79 times)
Pathology
(28 times)
LMS (50 times)
STUMP (7 times)
ER (6 times)
1986 Characterization of the nuclear progesterone receptor in human uterine leiomyoma.
19  lipomannan
(74 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
LAM (56 times)
PIMs (21 times)
Mtb (9 times)
1992 Lipoarabinomannan. Multiglycosylated form of the mycobacterial mannosylphosphatidylinositols.
20  longitudinal muscle
(70 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
CM (44 times)
ICC (7 times)
ACh (5 times)
1980 Neurally mediated contraction of ileal longitudinal muscle by substance P.
21  Logical Memory
(61 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
VR (9 times)
MCI (8 times)
WMS-R (8 times)
1987 Logical memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale: age and education norms and alternate-form reliability of two scoring systems.
22  laryngeal mask
(60 times)
Anesthesiology
(39 times)
ETT (10 times)
LT (3 times)
CMV (2 times)
1989 [Laryngeal mask--a newly designed oral airway].
23  lactose malabsorption
(51 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
LI (16 times)
IBS (10 times)
CD (5 times)
1977 Lactose malabsorption among the Pima indians of Arizona.
24  longissimus dorsi muscle
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
IMF (14 times)
ADG (4 times)
FASN (3 times)
1994 Evaluation of Longissimus dorsi muscle pH at three hours Post mortem as a predictor of beef tenderness.
25  lifestyle medicine
(46 times)
Health Behavior
(26 times)
ACLM (5 times)
PA (4 times)
LMIGs (2 times)
2014 The impact of an immersive elective on learners' understanding of lifestyle medicine and its role in patients' lives.
26  laser microdissection
(40 times)
Botany
(14 times)
PCD (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2003 SPAM1 (PH-20) protein and mRNA expression in the epididymides of humans and macaques: utilizing laser microdissection/RT-PCR.
27  lateromedial
(40 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
AP (12 times)
AL (8 times)
PA (7 times)
1983 Retinotopic organization of striate and extrastriate visual cortex in the hooded rat.
28  laryngomalacia
(35 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
SGP (7 times)
SwD (3 times)
FEES (2 times)
2008 Late-onset laryngomalacia: a variant of disease.
29  linear model
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
RF (3 times)
TM (3 times)
ANN (2 times)
2002 National evaluation for calving ease, gestation length and birth weight by linear and threshold model methodologies.
30  littermate
(32 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
KO (5 times)
TG (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1976 Parathyroid hormone as a possible causal factor in osteopetrosis of the tl rat.
31  landmark
(31 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
US (10 times)
CVC (4 times)
CT (2 times)
2005 Randomized, controlled clinical trial of point-of-care limited ultrasonography assistance of central venous cannulation: the Third Sonography Outcomes Assessment Program (SOAP-3) Trial.
32  longissimus
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
SM (8 times)
ST (5 times)
RM (4 times)
1986 Effects of low-voltage electrical stimulation during exsanguination on meat quality and display colour stability.
33  longitudinal melanonychia
(31 times)
Dermatology
(21 times)
NAM (2 times)
SUM (2 times)
BD (1 time)
1990 Nail biting and picking as a possible cause of longitudinal melanonychia. A study of 6 cases.
34  lipid mediator
(30 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
SPM (10 times)
SPMs (7 times)
Rv (4 times)
2012 Specific lipid mediator signatures of human phagocytes: microparticles stimulate macrophage efferocytosis and pro-resolving mediators.
35  lentiformis mesencephali
(29 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
nBOR (16 times)
AOS (6 times)
IO (4 times)
1985 Direction-selective single units in the nucleus lentiformis mesencephali of the pigeon (Columba livia).
36  leptomeningeal
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CSF (7 times)
BC (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Primary culture of human leptomeningeal cells in serum-free medium.
37  low-methoxyl
(27 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
HM (9 times)
DEE (2 times)
IPN (2 times)
2002 Microstructure and rheological behavior of pure and mixed pectin gels.
38  lipid microspheres
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
NCTD (2 times)
SHR (2 times)
AS013 (1 time)
1986 Enhancement of anti-inflammatory effects of biphenylylacetic acid by its incorporation into lipid microspheres.
39  leg movements
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(13 times)
PLMS (14 times)
RLS (8 times)
PLM (6 times)
1986 Fetal responses to acoustic stimulation depend on heart rate variability pattern, stimulus intensity and repetition.
40  lymph node metastases
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
DM (5 times)
OS (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1992 [Flow cytometric analysis in non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma and its prognostic significance].
41  lifestyle modification
(21 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
MD (3 times)
2008 Identifying health-related quality of life (HRQL) domains for multiple chronic conditions (diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia): patient and provider perspectives.
42  Lagrange multiplier
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SEM (3 times)
CUP-BC (2 times)
CUP-FM (2 times)
1990 Model Modification in Covariance Structure Modeling: A Comparison among Likelihood Ratio, Lagrange Multiplier, and Wald Tests.
43  lateral mass
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
CT (5 times)
ROM (3 times)
TAL (3 times)
2009 Lamina-guided lateral mass screw placement in the sub-axial cervical spine.
44  lichen myxedematosus
(20 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
IVIG (3 times)
SM (3 times)
A/G (1 time)
1998 Lichen myxoedematosus associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection--report of two cases and review of the literature.
45  lean body mass
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
FM (11 times)
BMI (5 times)
BMD (3 times)
2000 Body composition during GH treatment in Prader-Labhardt-Willi syndrome.
46  luminance-modulated
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CM (17 times)
CE (1 time)
dMAE (1 time)
1999 Does early non-linearity account for second-order motion?
47  lymphatic mapping
(18 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
SLN (8 times)
SLNB (5 times)
CRC (3 times)
2001 Validation of lymphatic mapping in colorectal cancer: in vivo, ex vivo, and laparoscopic techniques.
48  lactate minimum
(17 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
MLSS (9 times)
LMT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1993 Estimation of an individual equilibrium between lactate production and catabolism during exercise.
49  leg muscle
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
BM (7 times)
IMF (4 times)
CIM (3 times)
1989 Muscle protein turnover and tenderness in broiler chickens fed cimaterol.
50  language model
(15 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
RNN (3 times)
AM (2 times)
ATC (2 times)
2004 Text generation from Taiwanese Sign Language using a PST-based language model for augmentative communication.
51  left main artery
(14 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
RCA (9 times)
LAD (7 times)
LCX (5 times)
1977 Effect of coronary bypass surgery on longevity in high and low risk patients. Report from the V.A. Cooperative Coronary Surgery Study.
52  list-mode
(14 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
MLEM (4 times)
SPECT (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2007 Two-dimensional vs three-dimensional imaging in whole body oncologic PET/CT: a Discovery-STE phantom and patient study.
53  lateral-medial
(13 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AP (3 times)
PA (3 times)
DV (2 times)
1999 A comparison of different intensity modulation treatment techniques for tangential breast irradiation.
54  lean management
(12 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EDOC (1 time)
2004 Effectiveness of manual physical therapy to the cervical spine in the management of lateral epicondylalgia: a retrospective analysis.
55  lupus myocarditis
(12 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
SLE (8 times)
CMR (3 times)
LVEF (3 times)
2012 A contemporary case series of lupus myocarditis.
56  Liliequist membrane
(11 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
ETV (7 times)
4D-VM (1 time)
ACoA (1 time)
2006 The effects of fenestration of the interpeduncular cistern membrane arousted to the opening of lamina terminalis in patients with ruptured ACoA aneurysms: a prospective, comparative study.
57  liquid marble
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
Ac-T (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
Ctrl group (1 time)
2014 Liquid marbles for high-throughput biological screening of anchorage-dependent cells.
58  longissimus dorsi
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
IMF (4 times)
MyHC (2 times)
35AL (1 time)
2009 Estimating intramuscular fat content and fatty acid composition in live and post-mortem samples in pigs.
59  lymphocytic myocarditis
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LV (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1999 Enteroviral genome in native hearts may influence outcome of patients who undergo cardiac transplantation.
60  Limousin
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CH (6 times)
HF (3 times)
SNP (3 times)
2005 Estimation of correlation between maternal permanent environmental effects of related dams in beef cattle.
61  linked mastoids
(10 times)
Neurosciences
(5 times)
REST (9 times)
AR (8 times)
EEG (7 times)
2007 The effect of reference choices on the spatio-temporal analysis of brain evoked potentials: the use of infinite reference.
62  low mobility
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
HM (10 times)
EPM (4 times)
LN (2 times)
1977 Electrokinetic properties and mitogen responsiveness of mouse splenic B and T lymphocytes following hydrocortisone treatment.
63  low-methoxylated
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HM (7 times)
AM (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1985 Effect of wheat bran and pectin on the absorption and retention of phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and zinc by the growing pig.
64  L-menthol
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
DOX (2 times)
ICG (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
1999 The posterior nasal nerve plays an important role on cardiopulmonary reflexes to nasal application of capsaicin, distilled water and l-menthol in anesthetized dogs.
65  lactulose mannitol
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
IP (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
1996 Increased intestinal permeability during cytomegalovirus infection in renal transplant recipients.
66  lateromedial area
(9 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
FB (3 times)
FF (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1993 Visualization of dendritic morphology of cortical projection neurons by retrograde axonal tracing.
67  learning and memory
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
APE (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1997 A 'Neural Sampling Theory (NST)' of learning and memory mechanisms.
68  lincomycin
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AGP (3 times)
CM (3 times)
EM (3 times)
1992 [Antibacterial activity of rokitamycin against fresh clinical isolates].
69  low myopia
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
HM (8 times)
AL (6 times)
MM (4 times)
2017 Atropine 0.5% eyedrops for the treatment of children with low myopia: A randomized controlled trial.
70  luminol
(9 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
CL (7 times)
LC (6 times)
LPO (4 times)
1989 In vivo indicator dilution kinetics of PAH transport in dog kidney.
71  lymphoid malignancies
(9 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
NHL (3 times)
HL (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
1996 Incidence and characteristics of lymphoid malignancies in untreated myelodysplastic syndromes.
72  lymphomatous meningitis
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PCNSL (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
NHL (3 times)
1993 Involved-field radiotherapy and intra-Ommaya methotrexate/cytarabine in patients with AIDS-related lymphomatous meningitis.
73  lime mud
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BTs (2 times)
FA (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
2009 Utilization of pulp and paper industrial wastes to remove heavy metals from metal finishing wastewater.
74  lipid metabolism
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CWPs (1 time)
1988 [Function of the microcirculatory system during the long-term regression of the early stages of atherogenesis].
75  liquid membrane
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SLM (4 times)
DP (3 times)
RP (3 times)
2005 Recovery of phenol from aqueous solution by supported liquid membrane using vegetable oils as liquid membrane.
76  lumefantrine
(8 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CQ (4 times)
PQ (4 times)
AQ (2 times)
2009 Plasmodium berghei ANKA: selection of resistance to piperaquine and lumefantrine in a mouse model.
77  language-matched
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
AM (5 times)
SLI (5 times)
CA (1 time)
1995 Morphological usage and awareness in children with and without specific language impairment.
78  language-minority
(7 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
ED (1 time)
EF (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2008 Language-minority learners in special education: rates and predictors of identification for services.
79  late-maturing
(7 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
EM (4 times)
LWG (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1992 Response of early- and late-maturing commercial Leghorn pullets to low levels of dietary phosphorus.
80  lateral malleolus
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TA (2 times)
BM (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2004 Hybrid external fixation of distal tibial fractures: new strategy to place pins and wires without penetrating the anterior compartment.
81  ligation-mediated
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
JNK (1 time)
LAM-PCR (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2000 Rearrangement of chromatin domains during development in Xenopus.
82  limonene
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
My (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
AMG (1 time)
2008 Impact of model perfumes on surfactant and mixed surfactant self-assembly.
83  linemen
(7 times)
Physical Education and Training
(5 times)
BSP (2 times)
NFL (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2008 The National Football League Combine: performance differences between drafted and nondrafted players entering the 2004 and 2005 drafts.
84  low molecular weight
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Cd-MT (1 time)
Cryg (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1985 Electrophoretic variation in low molecular weight lens crystallins from inbred strains of rats.
85  lumbar multifidus muscle
(7 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(2 times)
NMES (4 times)
LBP (3 times)
MCE (2 times)
2016 Changes in deep lumbar stabilizing muscle thickness by transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation in patients with low back pain.
86  N-lauryl-beta-D-maltopyranoside
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
MM (5 times)
FDs (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
1995 Molecular weight-dependent lymphatic transfer of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled dextrans after intrapulmonary administration and effects of various absorption enhancers on the lymphatic transfer of drugs in rats.
87  L-methionine
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ABT (1 time)
APD (1 time)
BR (1 time)
1985 Response of broilers to DL-methionine hydroxy analog free acid, DL-methionine, and L-methionine.
88  Laboratory Medicine
(6 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
EFLM (2 times)
EQA (1 time)
EU (1 time)
2007 Assessing resident competency in laboratory medicine.
89  lactose maldigestion
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IBS (3 times)
FM (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1992 Is cow's milk suitable for the dietary supplementation of rural Gambian children? 1. Prevalence of lactose maldigestion.
90  laryngeal mask airway
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
CRF (1 time)
HT (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1993 [Effects of laryngeal mask airway on circulation and on incidence of postoperative sore throat and hoarseness].
91  lateral margin
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EGC (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1999 Lateral masking: limitations of the feature interaction account.
92  lateral to medial
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ML (5 times)
5YDFS (1 time)
5yOS (1 time)
1999 Should distal interlocking of tibial nails be performed from a medial or a lateral direction? anatomical and biomechanical considerations.
93  lauryl maltoside
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CcO (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1987 Detergent-assisted refolding of guanidinium chloride-denatured rhodanese. The effects of the concentration and type of detergent.
94  leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
ALK (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
2003 Durable remission of leptomeningeal metastasis of breast cancer with letrozole: a case report and implications of biomarkers on treatment selection.
95  lesion mimic
(6 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
Xoo (2 times)
APR (1 time)
2005 Characterization of four rice mutants with alterations in the defence response pathway.
96  leukotriene modifiers
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ICS (5 times)
AR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the utilization patterns of leukotriene modifiers in a large managed care health plan.
97  limited mobility
(6 times)
Physics
(4 times)
CD (1 time)
KMC (1 time)
MBSAQIP (1 time)
2010 Dynamic scaling in thin-film growth with irreversible step-edge attachment.
98  linear regression model
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
BET (1 time)
DNN (1 time)
2013 Ecological niche modeling and land cover risk areas for rift valley fever vector, culex tritaeniorhynchus giles in Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
99  logistic model
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
PAA (2 times)
PDA (2 times)
2005 Modelling the hierarchical structure of road crash data--application to severity analysis.
100  loose matrix
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
IPH (4 times)
LRNC (4 times)
CA (3 times)
2011 Segmentation of carotid plaque using multicontrast 3D gradient echo MRI.