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Abbreviation: LOS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
length of stay
(15582 times)
General Surgery
(2824 times)
ICU (1586 times)
CI (1312 times)
OR (1203 times)
1975 Program versus time: length of stay patterns in alcoholism.
lipooligosaccharide
(764 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(255 times)
LPS (69 times)
GBS (55 times)
NTHi (53 times)
1984 Heterogeneity of molecular size and antigenic expression within lipooligosaccharides of individual strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis.
late-onset sepsis
(342 times)
Pediatrics
(132 times)
NEC (74 times)
EOS (59 times)
VLBW (48 times)
1998 The use of lumbar puncture and laboratory tests for sepsis by Australian neonatologists.
lower oesophageal sphincter
(235 times)
Gastroenterology
(117 times)
GORD (26 times)
NO (12 times)
TLOSR (11 times)
1976 Lower oesophageal sphincter resting pressures in achalasia and the response of the sphincter to swallowing and drugs.
line-of-sight
(216 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(102 times)
NLOS (49 times)
GNSS (11 times)
VLC (11 times)
2004 Polarization singularity democracy: WYSIWYG.
limits of stability
(196 times)
Rehabilitation
(41 times)
SOT (32 times)
BBS (29 times)
COP (28 times)
1997 Generalizability of the limits of stability test in the evaluation of dynamic balance among older adults.
losartan
(167 times)
Physiology
(29 times)
Ang II (34 times)
BP (14 times)
HCTZ (14 times)
1994 Angiotensin II maintains, but does not mediate, isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats.
loss of signal
(47 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
RLN (25 times)
IONM (20 times)
EMG (15 times)
2012 Loss of the nerve monitoring signal during bilateral thyroid surgery.
low output syndrome
(46 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
CABG (7 times)
IABP (6 times)
MOF (4 times)
1975 Low-output syndrome as a complication of open-heart surgery in 85 patients.
10  low cardiac output syndrome
(38 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
CABG (5 times)
PCI (4 times)
PCPS (4 times)
1981 Changes of kallikrein and serotonin in plasma during and after open-heart surgery.
11  length of stay in hospital
(37 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
EBL (3 times)
ED (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
1998 Proinflammatory cytokines, measured in a mixed population on arrival in the emergency department, are related to mortality and severity of disease.
12  length of hospitalization
(35 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1987 Mental impairment of elderly hospitalized hip fracture patients.
13  late-onset schizophrenia
(31 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
EOS (20 times)
VLOSLP (6 times)
MRI (5 times)
1988 Delusional parasitosis. A comparative study to late-onset schizophrenia and organic mental disorders due to cerebral arteriosclerosis.
14  large offspring syndrome
(29 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
ART (10 times)
BWS (6 times)
IVP (4 times)
2000 Improving the safety of embryo technologies: possible role of genomic imprinting.
15  length of postoperative hospital stay
(22 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
OR (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AO (1 time)
1994 First postoperative week activity patterns and recovery in women after coronary artery bypass surgery.
16  late-onset neonatal sepsis
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
EOS (5 times)
SGA (3 times)
VLBW (3 times)
2011 Meropenem vs standard of care for treatment of late onset sepsis in children of less than 90 days of age: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
17  level of service
(20 times)
Traumatology
(7 times)
MPR (3 times)
AV (2 times)
USL (2 times)
1999 Differences in causality factors for single and multi-vehicle crashes on two-lane roads.
18  length of inpatient stay
(15 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
CCI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
1993 Length of in-patient stay in teaching hospitals in Japan.
19  Limits of Stability Test
(14 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
BBS (3 times)
SOT (3 times)
MCT (2 times)
2005 Effects of an ankle-foot orthosis on balance performance in patients with hemiparesis of different durations.
20  longitudinal observational studies
(14 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
PsA (7 times)
OMERACT (6 times)
RCT (5 times)
1999 Critical issues in longitudinal and observational studies: purpose, short versus long term, selection of study instruments, methods, outcomes, and biases.
21  losartan potassium
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
OM (4 times)
BP (3 times)
SeDBP (3 times)
2009 Simultaneous spectrophotometric estimation of Hydrochlorothiazide, Atenolol and Losartan potassium in tablet dosage form.
22  logarithm of slope
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CPS (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
CLDs (1 time)
2014 A novel method for classifying starch digestion by modelling the amylolysis of plant foods using first-order enzyme kinetic principles.
23  late-onset septicemia
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
VLBW (5 times)
NICU (4 times)
NEC (3 times)
2005 Late-onset septicemia in a Norwegian national cohort of extremely premature infants receiving very early full human milk feeding.
24  length of postoperative stay
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
VATS (2 times)
ACS-NSQIP (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
1999 A comparison of laparoscopic and open appendectomy.
25  level of suspicion
(9 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
ROC (4 times)
US (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2000 Progress in Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Ultrasonic Tissue-Type Imaging of the Prostate Based on Spectrum Analysis and Nonlinear Classifiers.
26  late-onset
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EOS (7 times)
CRP (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2005 Bipolar disorder in older adult inpatients.
27  length of surgery
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
BCFN (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CDG (1 time)
2011 Is gastro-gastric fixation suture necessary in laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding? A prospective randomized study.
28  Lupus Outcomes Study
(8 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
SLE (8 times)
OR (3 times)
SES (2 times)
2009 Depression, medication adherence, and service utilization in systemic lupus erythematosus.
29  length of growing season
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
EOS (6 times)
SOS (5 times)
NDVI (2 times)
2012 Widespread climate change in the Himalayas and associated changes in local ecosystems.
30  length of survival
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PPS (3 times)
AIDS (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1994 Radiotherapy of primary central nervous system lymphoma in patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus. Ten years of treatment experience at the University of California San Francisco.
31  lines of sight
(7 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
AUG (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
HFS (1 time)
2012 A new visible spectroscopy diagnostic for the JET ITER-like wall main chamber.
32  loss, length of hospital stay
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ADS (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
ERAS (1 time)
2005 Laparoscopic vs open total colectomy: a case-matched comparative study.
33  length of service
(6 times)
Medical Oncology
(1 time)
AMO (1 time)
AUS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2014 Clinic-based outpatient palliative care before hospice is associated with longer hospice length of service.
34  linear optical sampling
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ASOPS (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
DPM (1 time)
2018 Fiber optics frequency comb enabled linear optical sampling with operation wavelength range extension.
35  Loss of sex chromosome
(6 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
OS (4 times)
AML (3 times)
CBF-AML (2 times)
2005 Characteristics and prognostic factors of acute myeloid leukemia with t (8; 21) (q22; q22).
36  low-output states
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CABG (1 time)
CO (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
1992 Low-output syndrome after heart surgery: is a monotherapy with phosphodiesterase-III inhibitors feasible? A comparative study of amrinone and enoximone.
37  laminoplasty opening size
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PACS (3 times)
SCD (3 times)
SDCL (3 times)
2015 Relationship between the laminoplasty opening size and the laminoplasty opening angle, increased sagittal canal diameter and the prediction of spinal canal expansion following open-door cervical laminoplasty.
38  length of hospital
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EBL (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
IBE (1 time)
2011 Perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in mildly obese (BMI < 35 kg/m2) compared to severely obese.
39  laparoscopic ovarian surgery
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CC (3 times)
PCOS (3 times)
IVF (1 time)
2008 Consensus on infertility treatment related to polycystic ovary syndrome.
40  length of rehabilitation stay
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
CSCI (1 time)
FIM (1 time)
MVA (1 time)
1998 Functional outcome of inpatient rehabilitation in persons with brain tumors.
41  length of stay in days
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DRS (1 time)
DS (1 time)
EGD (1 time)
2009 Early graft dysfunction following adult-to-adult living-related liver transplantation: predictive factors and outcomes.
42  level of sedation
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BCS (3 times)
FAS (3 times)
PACU (2 times)
2015 Effect of Intraoperative and Postoperative Infusion of Dexmedetomidine on the Quality of Postoperative Analgesia in Highly Nicotine-Dependent Patients After Thoracic Surgery: A CONSORT-Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial.
43  lipid oxygen species
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ROS (4 times)
EPR (2 times)
CRM (1 time)
2015 Free Radical Threshold Value: A New Universal Body Constant.
44  lipopoly(oligo)saccharide
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MDDC (1 time)
TLR4 (1 time)
2003 Neisseria meningitidis lipooligosaccharide structure-dependent activation of the macrophage CD14/Toll-like receptor 4 pathway.
45  lipoprotein oxidation susceptibility
(4 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
CRP (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
HDL (1 time)
1998 Antioxidant property of Saffron in man.
46  Liverpool Outcome Score
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
IQR (2 times)
JE (2 times)
AES (1 time)
2013 The functional, social and economic impact of acute encephalitis syndrome in Nepal--a longitudinal follow-up study.
47  log of slope
(4 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
--- 2014 A mechanistic approach to studies of the possible digestion of retrograded starch by alpha-amylase revealed using a log of slope (LOS) plot.
48  Louisiana Osteoporosis Study
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
2017 Socioeconomic status and bone mineral density in adults by race/ethnicity and gender: the Louisiana osteoporosis study.
49  lowest oxygen saturation
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AHI (4 times)
ESS (3 times)
ODI (2 times)
2016 Mean apnea-hypopnea duration (but not apnea-hypopnea index) is associated with worse hypertension in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
50  lymphoid organ spheroids
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
IHC (1 time)
ISH (1 time)
LO (1 time)
2000 The haemocytic origin of lymphoid organ spheroid cells in the penaeid prawn Penaeus monodon.
51  hospital-length of stay
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ICU (3 times)
AchR-MG (1 time)
COT (1 time)
2007 Heparin-bonded circuits versus nonheparin-bonded circuits: an evaluation of their effect on clinical outcomes.
52  ICU-length of stay
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
VAP (2 times)
GCS (1 time)
GNB (1 time)
2014 Predictors of reintubation in trauma intensive care unit: qatar experience.
53  lacrimal ostium stent
(3 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
EE-DCR (2 times)
E-DCR (1 time)
En-DCR (1 time)
2014 Endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy with ostial stent intubation following nasolacrimal duct stent incarceration.
54  late-onset spasms
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2010 Infantile epileptic encephalopathy with late-onset spasms: report of 19 patients.
55  length of intensive care and hospital stay
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2000 Rib fractures in the elderly.
56  light-of-sight
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
NLOS (2 times)
DOA (1 time)
KNN (1 time)
2017 Compensating Unknown Time-Varying Delay in Opto-Electronic Platform Tracking Servo System.
57  light-organ system
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
LO (1 time)
2005 Evolution and diversification of a sexually dimorphic luminescent system in ponyfishes (Teleostei: Leiognathidae), including diagnoses for two new genera.
58  LOS group
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CSCLR (2 times)
MRSE (2 times)
APD (1 time)
2000 Long-term treatment of spontaneously hypertensive rats with losartan and electrophysiological remodeling of cardiac myocytes.
59  Loss of the neuromonitoring signal
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
RLN (2 times)
BL (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2015 Prospective study of vocal fold function after loss of the neuromonitoring signal in thyroid surgery: The International Neural Monitoring Study Group's POLT study.
60  lactulose
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GOS (2 times)
PDX (2 times)
BF group (1 time)
2007 Term infants fed formula supplemented with selected blends of prebiotics grow normally and have soft stools similar to those reported for breast-fed infants.
61  lanqin oral solution
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GA-ELM (1 time)
NIRS (1 time)
PLSR (1 time)
2020 Rapid monitoring approaches for concentration process of lanqin oral solution by near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometric models.
62  late-onset smokers
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
EOS (2 times)
HNS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2004 Relationship of onset of cigarette smoking during college to alcohol use, dieting concerns, and depressed mood: results from the Young Women's Health Survey.
63  lateral occipital sulcus
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
icEEG (1 time)
LOC (1 time)
MFS (1 time)
2008 The extraction of 3D shape from texture and shading in the human brain.
64  length of rehabilitation hospital stay
(2 times)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
DFQ (1 time)
FIM (1 time)
2010 Predictors of outcome following hip fracture rehabilitation.
65  length of stay after surgery
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PBM (1 time)
PRBCs (1 time)
RBF (1 time)
2013 'Let's just wait one more day': impact of timing on surgical outcome in the treatment of adhesion-related small bowel obstruction.
66  lengths of ICU and hospital stay
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
DVS (1 time)
2006 The distinct clinical profile of chronically critically ill patients: a cohort study.
67  lentiform, oval, or semicircular
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CP-NCNs (1 time)
MS-ELCAP (1 time)
2020 Management of Nodules Attached to the Costal Pleura at Low-Dose CT Screening for Lung Cancer.
68  level of supervision
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CCCs (2 times)
EPA (1 time)
EPAs (1 time)
2021 Fellow Entrustment for the Common Pediatric Subspecialty Entrustable Professional Activities Across Subspecialties.
69  limit of significance
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
RSA (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2012 Precision and accuracy measurement of radiostereometric analysis applied to movement of the sacroiliac joint.
70  limited ovarian stimulation
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
ICSI (2 times)
GnRHa (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2001 Limited ovarian stimulation (LOS), prevents the recurrence of severe forms of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in polycystic ovarian disease.
71  linear opacity subtraction
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
LOJ (2 times)
ROIs (2 times)
COM (1 time)
1998 Quantification of interstitial lung abnormalities with chest radiography: comparison of radiographic index and fractal dimension.
72  lipid-oxidizing system
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HOS (1 time)
HRGS (1 time)
MOS (1 time)
2006 Biochemical changes in myofibrillar protein isolates exposed to three oxidizing systems.
73  liquid organic semiconductor
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
OLEDs (1 time)
QLEDs (1 time)
2012 Hole Mobility of a Liquid Organic Semiconductor.
74  load on the sacrum
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
iEMG (1 time)
LOLV (1 time)
NL (1 time)
2001 Experimental study of seita-fitting.
75  location, orientation and stance
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
RFID (2 times)
TADAA (2 times)
2010 TADAA: towards automated detection of anaesthetic activity.
76  log-transformed
(2 times)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
RA (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2021 Pre-transplant Rehabilitation to Decrease the Post-transplant Length of Stay for Hematological Malignancy Patients Undergoing Allo-HSCT.
77  long-term observational studies
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RA (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2016 Are conventional radiographs still of value?
78  low intensity oxidative stress
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BOS (2 times)
HOS (2 times)
IOS (2 times)
2014 Free radicals, reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress and its classification.
79  low-oxidation-state
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
PSII (1 time)
2015 Rationalising the geometric variation between the A and B monomers in the 1.9 A crystal structure of photosystem II.
80  lower in those who received early intervention
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MSCC (1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2017 Early intervention results in lower mortality in patients with cancer hospitalized for metastatic spinal cord compression.
81  LUTS outcome scores
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BOO (1 time)
BSW (1 time)
BWT (1 time)
2004 Development and validation of a new treatment outcome score for men with LUTS.
82  lycopaoctaene synthase
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
GGPP (2 times)
SS (2 times)
FPP (1 time)
2016 A squalene synthase-like enzyme initiates production of tetraterpenoid hydrocarbons in Botryococcus braunii Race L.
83  outcomes-length of hospital stay
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ATF (1 time)
HAI (1 time)
HGS (1 time)
2020 Concurrent and Predictive Validity of AND-ASPEN Malnutrition Consensus Is Satisfactory in Hospitalized Patients: A Longitudinal Study.
84  diffuse-line-of-sight
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BER (1 time)
FEC (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
2017 71-Mbit/s ultraviolet-B LED communication link based on 8-QAM-OFDM modulation.
85  failure of swallow induced relaxation of oesophagus sphincter
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
--- 2020 Achalasia in a woman presenting with vitiligo: A case report.
86  illness--length of stay
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CLOP (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2021 Association between palliative care referral and burden of illness among cancers of the lip, oral cavity and pharynx.
87  includinglength of stay
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
HCUP-NIS (1 time)
ICD-10 (1 time)
2020 Outcomes and Utilization of Therapeutic Hypothermia in Post-Cardiac Arrest Patients in Teaching Versus Non-Teaching Hospitals: Retrospective Study of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database (2016).
88  L. oswaldoi
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ITBs (1 time)
LSC (1 time)
2000 Chromosomal evolution in the Brazilian lizards of genus Leposoma (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from Amazon and Atlantic rain forests: banding patterns and FISH of telomeric sequences.
89  lab-on-a-smartphone
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
EWOD (1 time)
OEW (1 time)
2022 A review of optoelectrowetting (OEW): from fundamentals to lab-on-a-smartphone (LOS) applications to environmental sensors.
90  laboratory on lipooligosaccharide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
2005 Structural analysis of the lipooligosaccharide-derived oligosaccharide of Histophilus somni (Haemophilus somnus) strain 8025.
91  lack of organisational support
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
JP (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2013 The impact of job stress due to the lack of organisational support on occupational injury.
92  lack of sharing
(1 time)
Reproduction
(1 time)
Spam1 (1 time)
2005 Spam1-associated transmission ratio distortion in mice: elucidating the mechanism.
93  lactosamine of lacto-N-neotetraose-expressing gonococcal lipooligosaccharide
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ASF (1 time)
ASGPR (1 time)
lacto-N-neotetraose (1 time)
2001 Receptor-mediated endocytosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae into primary human urethral epithelial cells: the role of the asialoglycoprotein receptor.
94  Laere og Stotte
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SSRI (1 time)
2002 [How is an information program for depressed patients perceived?].
95  Language of Sleepiness Questionnaire
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
ESS (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2022 The language of sleepiness in obstructive sleep apnea beyond the Epworth.
96  laparoscopic and open BR
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
ITT (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of clinical outcomes with alvimopan in clinical practice: a national matched-cohort study in patients undergoing bowel resection.
97  laser with no additional suction
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
LWS (1 time)
mini-PCNL (1 time)
2022 The clinical outcomes of laser with suction device in mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
98  LASIK centered on the pupil
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CSCLR (2 times)
MRSE (1 time)
2009 Comparison of myopic LASIK centered on the coaxially sighted corneal light reflex or line of sight.
99  late onset childhood idiopathic occipital seizures
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BCEOP (1 time)
EBOS (1 time)
ILAE (1 time)
2001 Clinical and electroencephalographic findings in early and late onset benign childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms.
100  late onset infections
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
CoNS (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
2016 Neonatal bloodstream infections in a Ghanaian Tertiary Hospital: Are the current antibiotic recommendations adequate?