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Abbreviation: LP
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lumbar puncture
(801 times)
Neurology
(193 times)
CSF (250 times)
CT (85 times)
SAH (57 times)
1975 Lumbar punctures and meningitis.
lichen planus
(656 times)
Dermatology
(374 times)
HCV (52 times)
OLP (51 times)
LS (27 times)
1976 Epidermal changes in lichen planus.
lipid peroxidation
(579 times)
Biochemistry
(89 times)
SOD (78 times)
MDA (64 times)
CAT (54 times)
1983 Some further data on the effects of two organophosphate pesticides on the oxidative metabolism in the liver.
lamina propria
(490 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(200 times)
MLN (44 times)
PP (44 times)
IBD (43 times)
1976 Local and systemic cell-mediated immunity against transmissible gastroenteritis, an intestinal viral infection of swine.
low-protein
(349 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(106 times)
HP (97 times)
NP (48 times)
HF (16 times)
1975 Effect of maternal malnutrition on surface activity of fetal lungs in rats.
late potentials
(155 times)
Cardiology
(97 times)
SAECG (44 times)
VT (36 times)
MI (23 times)
1978 [Electrophysiological evaluation of ventricular tachycardia by right and left ventricle endocardial mapping (author's transl)].
low pathogenic
(149 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(43 times)
HP (67 times)
AIV (37 times)
AI (29 times)
2002 Recent developments in avian influenza research: epidemiology and immunoprophylaxis.
linear programming
(132 times)
Medical Informatics
(24 times)
FBA (5 times)
GHG (3 times)
ILP (3 times)
1989 Linear programming models for cost reimbursement.
low-pressure
(111 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
MP (44 times)
UV (24 times)
HP (18 times)
1975 Tracheostomy and endotracheal tube cuff volume and pressure changes during thoracic operations.
10  lumboperitoneal
(108 times)
Neurosurgery
(60 times)
VP (35 times)
CSF (19 times)
IIH (16 times)
1985 Treatment of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea by percutaneous lumboperitoneal shunting: review of 15 cases.
11  light perception
(99 times)
Ophthalmology
(58 times)
HM (23 times)
BCVA (14 times)
VA (14 times)
1988 Neovascular glaucoma following vitrectomy for diabetic eye disease.
12  lysylpyridinoline
(95 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
HP (89 times)
HPLC (14 times)
DES (7 times)
1988 Collagen cross-linking: distribution of hydroxypyridinium cross-links among invertebrate phyla and tissues.
13  laparoscopic pyeloplasty
(94 times)
Urology
(58 times)
UPJO (37 times)
OP (16 times)
UPJ (13 times)
2002 Laparoscopic pyeloplasty, initial experience in the management of UPJO.
14  leg press
(90 times)
Physiology
(41 times)
BP (28 times)
LE (19 times)
KE (15 times)
1988 Intra-abdominal and intra-thoracic pressures during lifting and jumping.
15  lymphocyte predominant
(90 times)
Neoplasms
(33 times)
HD (45 times)
MC (41 times)
NS (41 times)
1977 Prognostic factors in Hodgkin's disease. I. Analysis of histopathology, stage distribution and results of therapy.
16  luteal phase
(75 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(19 times)
FP (44 times)
MC (7 times)
MP (5 times)
1986 Characterization of the physiological pattern of episodic gonadotropin secretion throughout the human menstrual cycle.
17  Lactobacillus plantarum
(74 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
LA (5 times)
LAB (5 times)
IBD (3 times)
1996 Levels of antinutritional factors in pearl millet as affected by processing treatments and various types of fermentation.
18  lateral pyloric
(74 times)
Neurology
(63 times)
PD (43 times)
PY (29 times)
VD (23 times)
1982 Mechanisms underlying pattern generation in lobster stomatogastric ganglion as determined by selective inactivation of identified neurons. III. Synaptic connections of electrically coupled pyloric neurons.
19  lactase persistence
(71 times)
Biology
(13 times)
LNP (20 times)
LCT (14 times)
BMI (6 times)
2004 The genetic variant of lactase persistence C (-13910) T as a risk factor for type I and II diabetes in the Finnish population.
20  lateral posterior
(69 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
LD (15 times)
PO (8 times)
LGN (7 times)
1972 Some data about the mutual connections of nucleus lateralis posterior (LP) and suprasylvian gyrus.
21  lectin pathway
(67 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(27 times)
MBL (26 times)
AP (23 times)
CP (18 times)
2002 Functional characterization of the lectin pathway of complement in human serum.
22  long photoperiod
(66 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
SP (51 times)
PT (7 times)
FSH (4 times)
1982 Preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus.
23  linearly polarized
(65 times)
Ophthalmology
(34 times)
CP (20 times)
FMF (5 times)
MDM (4 times)
1999 Longitudinal relaxation times of 129Xe in rat tissue homogenates at 9.4 T.
24  lipid peroxides
(61 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
SOD (9 times)
CAT (7 times)
MDA (6 times)
1984 Lipid peroxides in human articular cartilage.
25  latent period
(60 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EP (8 times)
IP (3 times)
MNPCE (3 times)
1976 Analysis of neocortical electrical responses evoked by stimulation of various hypothalamic structures.
26  lactoperoxidase
(56 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
HRP (5 times)
LF (5 times)
MP (5 times)
1979 Lactoperoxidase, thiocyanate, and free cystine in bovine mammary secretions in early dry period and at the start of lactation and their effect on Streptococcus agalactiae growth.
27  lateral posterior nucleus
(55 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
SC (14 times)
CL (4 times)
dLGN (4 times)
1977 Thalamic projections to parietal cortex.
28  Lipoid proteinosis
(55 times)
Dermatology
(22 times)
ECM1 (18 times)
PCR (3 times)
BM (2 times)
2000 Hemorheology and tissue oxygenation in hypertensives with lipoidoproteinosis and peripheral occlusive arterial disease (POAD) treated with sulodexide and pravastatine and evaluated with laser assisted optical rotational red cell analyzer (LORCA) and transcutaneous oxymetry.
29  lone pair
(51 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
MTF (6 times)
CT (3 times)
CNR (2 times)
1978 Image resolution of a microchannel plate x-ray image intensifier.
30  leukocytic pyrogen
(48 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
IL-1 (7 times)
LAF (6 times)
i.c.v (5 times)
1975 The effect of various amine-depleting drugs on the fever response exhibited by rabbits to bacterial or leucocyte pyrogen.
31  low-protein diet
(48 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
HP (11 times)
NP (6 times)
AA (2 times)
1980 Effects of manipulating dietary protein and energy intake on energy balance and thermogenesis in the pig.
32  lymphocyte proliferation
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
CMI (8 times)
Con A (6 times)
PHA (6 times)
1977 The relative proliferation index as a more sensitive parameter for evaluating lymphoproliferative responses of cancer patients to mitogens and alloantigens.
33  link protein
(46 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
HA (14 times)
PG (8 times)
UTI (4 times)
1982 Matrix antigens in allografts. The humoral response.
34  late pregnancy
(42 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
NP (17 times)
PP (5 times)
EL (4 times)
1993 Regional variation in resistance artery diameter responses to alpha-adrenergic stimulation during pregnancy.
35  liposomes
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
DOX (5 times)
NIR (3 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
1987 An immunosuppressive factor interacts with membrane glycolipid asialo-GM1 structure.
36  lymphoproliferative
(42 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
NK (5 times)
CTL (4 times)
HCV (4 times)
1978 Restorative effects of levamisole on cell-mediated immune responses following chemotherapy with aniline mustard in mice bearing ADJ-PC5 plasmacytoma.
37  laparoscopic pyloromyotomy
(41 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
OP (14 times)
PCNL (5 times)
IHPS (4 times)
1998 Laparoscopic pyloromyotomy.
38  late preterm
(39 times)
Pediatrics
(17 times)
MP (10 times)
VP (7 times)
FT (6 times)
2008 School outcomes of late preterm infants: special needs and challenges for infants born at 32 to 36 weeks gestation.
39  linear prediction
(37 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(11 times)
CP (3 times)
BN (2 times)
FFT (2 times)
1979 Time and frequency analysis of simultaneously recorded corneal and non-corneal electroretinogram.
40  low-pass
(37 times)
Audiology
(17 times)
HP (18 times)
BP (3 times)
EAS (3 times)
1979 Multiplicative effects on sentence comprehension for combined acoustic distortions.
41  laminoplasty
(35 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
LF (12 times)
JOA (11 times)
CSM (9 times)
2009 Differences between subtotal corpectomy and laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy.
42  low P
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
HP (17 times)
Pi (4 times)
CP (3 times)
1980 Habituation of electrodermal and respiratory responses to visual stimuli as a function of personality differences in affect level.
43  liquid paraffin
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
IPM (3 times)
BP (2 times)
HSL (2 times)
1992 Topical fish oil in psoriasis--a controlled and blind study.
44  leg pain
(28 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
ODI (15 times)
BP (13 times)
VAS (12 times)
1983 A category-ratio perceived exertion scale: relationship to blood and muscle lactates and heart rate.
45  locking plate
(27 times)
Traumatology
(11 times)
DHS (2 times)
EF (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2008 Fixation of long bone segmental defects: a biomechanical study.
46  late presentation
(24 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
CI (5 times)
aOR (4 times)
AD (3 times)
2013 Impact of late presentation on the risk of death among HIV-infected people in France (2003-2009).
47  local progression
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
OS (14 times)
PFS (7 times)
SBRT (5 times)
2010 Prognostic factors in stereotactic body radiotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer.
48  lymphomatoid papulosis
(24 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
CTCL (5 times)
MF (5 times)
HD (3 times)
1981 Lymphomatoid papulosis: a cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma.
49  large-plaque
(23 times)
Virology
(8 times)
SP (21 times)
DEAE (2 times)
FMDV (2 times)
1970 The effect of diethylaminoethyl dextran and agar overlay pH on plaque formation by two plaque-size variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
50  lactate/pyruvate
(22 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ICP (6 times)
CPP (5 times)
bt (3 times)
1986 Nonequilibrium of two redox couplets in human plasma: lactate-pyruvate and beta-hydroxybutyrate-acetoacetate.
51  late positivity
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(7 times)
ERP (6 times)
ERPs (4 times)
AAN (3 times)
1993 Long persistent bcr-abl positive transcript detected by polymerase chain reaction after marrow transplant for chronic myelogenous leukemia without clinical relapse: a study of 64 patients.
52  lateral prostate
(22 times)
Urology
(8 times)
VP (12 times)
DP (9 times)
DHT (4 times)
1985 Metabolism of androgens in the seminal vesicles and the different lobes of the prostate in young mature rats.
53  leadless pacemaker
(22 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
S-ICD (5 times)
RV (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2016 Combined leadless pacemaker and subcutaneous implantable defibrillator therapy: feasibility, safety, and performance.
54  laser photocoagulation
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
ROP (7 times)
OHT (6 times)
IVB (3 times)
2003 Photostimulation of coronary arteries with low power laser radiation: preliminary results for a new method in invasive cardiology therapy.
55  leukapheresis products
(21 times)
Hematology
(14 times)
G-CSF (4 times)
PB (4 times)
BM (3 times)
1996 Dose-dependent mobilisation of haematopoietic progenitor cells in healthy volunteers receiving glycosylated rHuG-CSF.
56  lipopeptide
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
NRPS (2 times)
TLR (2 times)
ACLD (1 time)
2005 Binding of lipopeptide to CD14 induces physical proximity of CD14, TLR2 and TLR1.
57  low performance
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HP (15 times)
SP (4 times)
DA (3 times)
1976 Pre-trial cocaine and performance in rat.
58  Lewy pathology
(20 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
PD (15 times)
AD (3 times)
DLB (3 times)
2003 Pathology and neurotransmitter abnormalities of dementia with Lewy bodies.
59  Loess Plateau
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
KP (3 times)
ERP (2 times)
ET (2 times)
2013 Phylogenetic relationships of extant zokors (Myospalacinae) (Rodentia, Spalacidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
60  leader peptide
(19 times)
Virology
(6 times)
TM (6 times)
PFV (4 times)
SU (4 times)
1993 Evidence that the catalytic activity of prokaryote leader peptidase depends upon the operation of a serine-lysine catalytic dyad.
61  learning problems
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NL (4 times)
RMS (3 times)
ABR (1 time)
1999 Effects of lengthened formant transition duration on discrimination and neural representation of synthetic CV syllables by normal and learning-disabled children.
62  lens position
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
LT (18 times)
ACD (14 times)
AL (13 times)
2005 Choroidal expansion as a mechanism for acute primary angle closure: an investigation into the change of biometric parameters in the first 2 weeks.
63  late phase
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EP (5 times)
AP (3 times)
FIL (2 times)
1993 Modeling lag phase of nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum toxigenesis in cooked turkey and chicken breast as affected by temperature, sodium lactate, sodium chloride and spore inoculum.
64  leptin
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
BMI (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
AD (3 times)
2000 [Do leptin and neuropeptide Y influence blood pressure regulation in healthy pregnant women and women with preeclampsia?].
65  lispro
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
HR (6 times)
CSII (5 times)
BG (4 times)
1996 The human insulin analog insulin lispro improves insulin binding on circulating monocytes of intensively treated insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients.
66  long-patch
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
BER (17 times)
SP (7 times)
pol beta (6 times)
2002 Long-patch base excision repair of apurinic/apyrimidinic site DNA is decreased in mouse embryonic fibroblast cell lines treated with plumbagin: involvement of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21Waf-1/Cip-1.
67  low phosphate
(18 times)
Botany
(8 times)
HP (5 times)
iPTH (2 times)
NP (2 times)
1977 Regulation of the intracellular concentration of T4 induced tRNA.
68  lycopene
(18 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
ACF (2 times)
DEN (2 times)
DMH (2 times)
1998 Chemoprevention by lycopene of mouse lung neoplasia after combined initiation treatment with DEN, MNU and DMH.
69  leukapheresis
(17 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
G-CSF (6 times)
BM (5 times)
PB (4 times)
1991 Apheresis-elutriation program for adoptive immunotherapy with autologous activated monocytes in cancer patients.
70  larynx preservation
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (9 times)
RT (7 times)
TL (4 times)
2001 Swallowing dysfunction in infants less than 1 year of age.
71  light peak
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
RPE (7 times)
FO (6 times)
DT (4 times)
1985 Calcium blocks selectively the EOG-light peak.
72  lower protein
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
HP (15 times)
BMI (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2002 Effect of a high-protein, high-monounsaturated fat weight loss diet on glycemic control and lipid levels in type 2 diabetes.
73  laparoscopic
(15 times)
Urology
(7 times)
OP (8 times)
RP (4 times)
UPJO (4 times)
2005 Robotic prostatectomy: a pooled analysis of published literature.
74  laryngeal papillomatosis
(15 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
CLA (2 times)
HPV (2 times)
ALA-PDT (1 time)
1993 Pilot trial of ribavirin for the treatment of laryngeal papillomatosis.
75  late presenters
(15 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
AHD (3 times)
AHI (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2011 Cross-sectional analysis of late HAART initiation in Latin America and the Caribbean: late testers and late presenters.
76  lateral plate
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
MP (5 times)
ROM (4 times)
AR (3 times)
2001 MRI of the medial and lateral plantar nerves.
77  lateral posterior thalamic nucleus
(15 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
AOS (2 times)
CS (2 times)
IGL (2 times)
1985 Distribution of the tecto-thalamic projection neurons in the hereditary microphthalmic rat.
78  linitis plastica
(15 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
GC (3 times)
OS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 Diffusely infiltrating primary colorectal carcinoma of linitis plastica and lymphangiosis types.
79  low phosphorus
(15 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
DE (3 times)
NP (3 times)
Ca (2 times)
1979 Normophosphatemic phosphate depletion in growing rat.
80  laparoscopic proctectomy
(14 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
RP (6 times)
OP (5 times)
CP (2 times)
2011 Consumerism and its impact on robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.
81  lipid profile
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ADSCs (3 times)
CAD (3 times)
DC (3 times)
1994 [Lipoprotein (a), apolipoproteins and the lipid profile late after heart transplantation].
82  lipoid pneumonia
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
BAL (6 times)
CT (2 times)
ELP (2 times)
1989 Bronchoalveolar lavage in the diagnosis of lipoid pneumonia.
83  low passage
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HP (12 times)
p.i (2 times)
AC-ELISA (1 time)
1979 Interference with polyhedral inclusion body (PIB) production in Trichoplusia ni cells infected with a high passage strain of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV). Brief report.
84  low platelet count
(14 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EL (13 times)
AST (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1982 Syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count: a severe consequence of hypertension in pregnancy.
85  lyophilized plasma
(14 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(5 times)
FFP (6 times)
AA (3 times)
HS (3 times)
2009 Lyophilized plasma for resuscitation in a swine model of severe injury.
86  laryngoplasty
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
LRQ (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
1997 [Ten-year experiences of epiglottic laryngoplasty after partial laryngectomy].
87  late passage
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
EP (12 times)
MSCs (3 times)
WS (2 times)
1993 Accumulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 in conditioned medium of human fibroblasts increases with chronologic age of donor and senescence in vitro.
88  levator palpebrae
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MyHC (3 times)
SR (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
1995 Motor persistence of orbicularis oculi muscle in eyelid-opening disorders.
89  lipids
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LF (2 times)
NHC (2 times)
NP (2 times)
1994 [Effect of cigarette smoking on carbohydrate metabolism of healthy subjects].
90  low paraplegia
(13 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
HP (13 times)
SCI (8 times)
TP (6 times)
1997 Self-reported prevalence of pulmonary symptoms in subjects with spinal cord injury.
91  low prevalence
(13 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
HP (6 times)
IMI (3 times)
IP (2 times)
1996 Prevalence of coagulase-positive staphylococci, other than Staphylococcus aureus, in bovine mastitis.
92  late proximal
(12 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
ED (7 times)
EP (5 times)
LLH (4 times)
1982 PCO2 measurements in surface proximal tubules and peritubular capillaries of the rat kidney.
93  linear program
(12 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADNI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1990 Large scale optimization of beam weights under dose-volume restrictions.
94  lint percentage
(12 times)
Botany
(5 times)
SNPs (5 times)
GWAS (4 times)
BW (3 times)
2005 [Studies on carcass and meat quality performance of crossbred pigs with graded proportions of Laiwu Black genes].
95  Listing's plane
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
LL (5 times)
VOR (4 times)
UVD (2 times)
1999 Using a synoptophore to test Listing's law during vergence in normal subjects and strabismic patients.
96  low-power
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
HP (10 times)
ML (3 times)
RF (3 times)
2011 Radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: use of low vs maximal radiofrequency power.
97  lysophospholipid
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
LPA (6 times)
GPCRs (5 times)
S1P (5 times)
1999 A growing family of receptor genes for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and other lysophospholipids (LPs).
98  Lactobacillus paracasei
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LF (3 times)
ACE2 (2 times)
AR (2 times)
2013 Evaluation of the effect of Lactobacillus paracasei (HF.A00232) in children (6-13 years old) with perennial allergic rhinitis: a 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.
99  laryngeal papilloma
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
HPV (5 times)
LSCC (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1990 [Nuclear DNA content and morphological parameters in laryngeal papillomas and carcinomas].
100  Legendre polynomials
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
AIC (2 times)
BIC (2 times)
SCS (2 times)
2004 Genetic analysis of body condition score in first-parity Danish Holstein cows.