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Abbreviation: LR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
logistic regression
(1489 times)
Medical Informatics
(196 times)
SVM (477 times)
RF (456 times)
AUC (339 times)
1983 Assessment of prognostic factors in alcoholic liver disease: toward a global quantitative expression of severity.
likelihood ratio
(1313 times)
Medicine
(148 times)
CI (196 times)
AUC (120 times)
ROC (99 times)
1983 A comparison of test statistics for assessing the effects of concomitant variables in survival analysis.
local recurrence
(1109 times)
Neoplasms
(617 times)
OS (264 times)
DM (122 times)
RT (119 times)
1976 Melanoma of the trunk: the results of surgical excision and anatomic guidelines for predicting nodal metastasis.
left-right
(635 times)
Biology
(160 times)
AP (236 times)
SI (162 times)
CC (58 times)
1986 Sinusoidal galvanic stimulation of the labyrinths and postural responses.
low-risk
(632 times)
Neoplasms
(152 times)
HR (508 times)
HPV (123 times)
IR (95 times)
1986 Effect of intensive care unit exposure on temperament in low birth weight preterm infants.
liver resection
(426 times)
General Surgery
(183 times)
HCC (206 times)
OS (109 times)
LT (102 times)
1993 [Right diaphragmatic paralysis after liver transplantation].
low responders
(300 times)
Chemistry
(58 times)
HR (141 times)
ER (24 times)
TDDFT (22 times)
1978 Major histocompatibility complex gene products on macrophages influence T cell activation.
lactated Ringer's
(279 times)
General Surgery
(51 times)
MAP (46 times)
NS (37 times)
HS (34 times)
1983 Low molecular weight dextran in experimental pancreatitis: effects on pancreatic microcirculation.
low-resolution
(279 times)
Medical Informatics
(115 times)
HR (227 times)
SR (120 times)
SSIM (17 times)
1985 Design and evaluation of a positron emission tomograph: HEADTOME III.
10  lateral root
(235 times)
Botany
(141 times)
PR (31 times)
LRP (23 times)
NO (20 times)
1988 Experimental Studies on Lateral Root Formation in Radish Seedling Roots: II. Analysis of the Dose-Response to Exogenous Auxin.
11  linear regression
(222 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
RF (33 times)
SVM (27 times)
RMSE (26 times)
1981 Linear and nonlinear models for measuring protein nutritional quality.
12  lactated Ringer's solution
(187 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
MAP (26 times)
HS (21 times)
NS (16 times)
1981 The effects of crystalloid potassium cardioplegic solution on arterialized canine vein grafts. Assessment of chronic prostacyclin production and histopathologic alterations.
13  lateral rectus
(174 times)
Ophthalmology
(108 times)
MR (92 times)
SR (31 times)
PD (30 times)
1980 Sources of direct excitatory and inhibitory inputs from the medial rhombencephalic tegmentum to lateral and medial rectus motoneurons in the cat.
14  liver regeneration
(155 times)
Gastroenterology
(39 times)
PH (73 times)
SO (6 times)
AST (5 times)
1996 Modulation of apoptosis-associated genes bcl-2, bcl-x, and bax during rat liver regeneration.
15  locoregional recurrence
(90 times)
Neoplasms
(53 times)
OS (25 times)
DM (22 times)
CI (8 times)
1989 Locoregional recurrences after 649 modified radical mastectomies: incidence and significance.
16  laminin receptor
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PEDF (8 times)
LRP (7 times)
ATGL (4 times)
1990 Immunoreactivity in malignant mesotheliomas with antibodies to basement membrane components and their receptors.
17  locoregional
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
OS (16 times)
RT (7 times)
DM (6 times)
1992 Identification of patients who are at high risk for locoregional breast cancer recurrence after conservative surgery and radiotherapy: a review article for surgeons, pathologists, and radiation and medical oncologists.
18  long-range
(50 times)
Biophysics
(13 times)
SR (13 times)
PCR (4 times)
DFT (3 times)
1985 Effects of luminance and contrast on direction of ambiguous apparent motion.
19  laparoscopic resection
(49 times)
General Surgery
(35 times)
OR (27 times)
ER (6 times)
GIST (5 times)
1999 Laparoscopic resection does not adversely affect early survival curves in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal adenocarcinoma.
20  level of response
(49 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(46 times)
SRE (16 times)
AUDs (11 times)
FH (6 times)
1997 Assessing the risk for alcoholism among sons of alcoholics.
21  lipid raft
(47 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ASMase (5 times)
MbetaCD (4 times)
PI3K (4 times)
2003 Akt2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and PTEN are in lipid rafts of intestinal cells: role in absorption and differentiation.
22  loading rate
(47 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
GRF (8 times)
PR (4 times)
BW (3 times)
1999 Anaerobic treatment of poultry mortalities in a modified LB-UASB system.
23  Landrace
(45 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
LW (28 times)
DU (6 times)
LD (4 times)
1983 Haemoglobin values and some biochemical parameters of different breeds and sexes of pigs in a tropical humid environment.
24  latency-related
(44 times)
Virology
(39 times)
BHV-1 (28 times)
TG (13 times)
BoHV-1 (6 times)
1988 Fine mapping of the latency-related gene of herpes simplex virus type 1: alternative splicing produces distinct latency-related RNAs containing open reading frames.
25  leukoreduced
(44 times)
Hematology
(26 times)
NLR (16 times)
RBC (10 times)
PRBC (7 times)
2004 Hypotensive transfusion reactions can occur with blood products that are leukoreduced before storage.
26  late referral
(40 times)
Nephrology
(22 times)
ER (30 times)
ESRD (9 times)
HD (9 times)
1998 Early referral and its impact on emergent first dialyses, health care costs, and outcome.
27  local relapse
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
OS (14 times)
RT (8 times)
HR (5 times)
1997 Ductal carcinoma in situ of the male breast. Analysis of 31 cases.
28  leptin receptor
(38 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
NPY (4 times)
ARC (2 times)
FNIII (2 times)
1998 Leptin receptor immunoreactivity in chemically defined target neurons of the hypothalamus.
29  low resistance
(37 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
HR (25 times)
MR (9 times)
FHB (2 times)
1983 Trypanosoma cruzi: variation in susceptibility of inbred strains of rats.
30  leaf rust
(33 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
Sr (11 times)
APR (10 times)
GWAS (9 times)
1995 RFLP analysis of an Aegilops ventricosa chromosome that carries a gene conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia recondita) when transferred to hexaploid wheat.
31  livedo reticularis
(31 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
APS (6 times)
aPL (3 times)
SLE (3 times)
1979 Opportunistic fungal infection by Fusarium oxysporum in a renal transplant patient.
32  ligand-receptor
(29 times)
Immune System Diseases
(4 times)
scRNA-seq (7 times)
CCIs (4 times)
TME (3 times)
1994 Continuous spectrofluorometric analysis of formyl peptide receptor ternary complex interactions.
33  leukoreduction
(28 times)
Hematology
(19 times)
RBCs (6 times)
WB (6 times)
NLR (4 times)
2006 Leukoreduction before red blood cell transfusion has no impact on mortality in trauma patients.
34  Lactobacillus rhamnosus
(26 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
LAB (4 times)
CRC (3 times)
LA (3 times)
2008 The probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus stimulates chloride/hydroxyl exchange activity in human intestinal epithelial cells.
35  limited resection
(26 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
PD (11 times)
GIST (6 times)
OS (6 times)
2008 Outcome after surgical treatment of suspected gastrointestinal stromal tumors involving the duodenum: is limited resection appropriate?
36  log reduction
(26 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
HR (2 times)
i-PR (2 times)
PDI (2 times)
1988 Hand disinfection: a comparison of various agents in laboratory and ward studies.
37  late relapse
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ER (9 times)
GCT (4 times)
OS (4 times)
1998 Favorable prognosis after late relapse of Hodgkin's disease.
38  lateral
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
AP (10 times)
SI (7 times)
CBCT (4 times)
1990 Operational unit responsible for plane-specific control of eye movement by cerebellar flocculus in cat.
39  leukemoid reaction
(22 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CML (2 times)
WBC (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
1976 Mitotic activity in acute promyelocytic leukaemia and leukaemoid reactions.
40  living-related
(22 times)
Transplantation
(16 times)
CAD (4 times)
AZA (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
1982 Effects of histocompatibility testing versus immunoreactive predisposition on kidney transplant survival.
41  Lactobacillus reuteri
(21 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(4 times)
NEC (3 times)
GIT (2 times)
PG (2 times)
2006 Effects of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, or serovar Choleraesuis, Lactobacillus reuteri and Bacillus licheniformis on chemokine and cytokine expression in the swine jejunal epithelial cell line, IPEC-J2.
42  laparoscopic repair
(20 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
OR (10 times)
PPU (4 times)
IH (2 times)
2001 Laparoscopic repair vs open surgery for incisional hernias: a comparison study.
43  linear range
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
LOD (11 times)
EF (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
1991 Responses of neurons in the ventromedial midbrain to noxious mechanical stimuli.
44  low-replicative
(20 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
IT (16 times)
IC (15 times)
HBV (10 times)
1999 Evidence for heteromorphic sex chromosomes in males of Rana tagoi and Rana sakuraii in Nishitama district of Tokyo (Anura: Ranidae).
45  Labrador Retrievers
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
IW (5 times)
NF (5 times)
LEO (4 times)
2001 Comparison of urine composition of healthy Labrador retrievers and miniature schnauzers.
46  learning rate
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (3 times)
RBANS (3 times)
SGD (2 times)
2005 Stability analysis of a three-term backpropagation algorithm.
47  linker region
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CD (3 times)
CBD (2 times)
ED (2 times)
2000 Alteration of a single tryptophan residue of the cellulose-binding domain blocks secretion of the Erwinia chrysanthemi Cel5 cellulase (ex-EGZ) via the type II system.
48  logistic regression model
(15 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SVM (6 times)
AUC (4 times)
ROC (3 times)
2004 Predictors of patients who will develop prolonged occult hypoperfusion following blunt trauma.
49  longitudinal rotation
(15 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
FE (6 times)
ISL (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1993 The axes of rotation of the knee.
50  Lawesson's reagent
(14 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CSPs (1 time)
DCCI (1 time)
FW (1 time)
1998 Synthesis and comparative anti-phlogistic potency of new proteinogenic amino acid conjugates of 2-[2,6-dichlorophenyl-1-amino]phenyl acetic acid "diclofenac".
51  low-rank
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
HR (4 times)
TC (2 times)
TV (2 times)
1998 Eleven peak flow meters: a clinical evaluation.
52  lower risk
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HR (6 times)
OS (3 times)
AZA (2 times)
1991 [Conflicting xenograft. Role of preoperative total lymphoid irradiation].
53  low-responsive
(13 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
HR (6 times)
AGO (1 time)
ASIP (1 time)
1982 The relationship between the c-wave and light response of the rabbit eye.
54  lumbar radiculopathy
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ATF3 (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1996 Prevalence of lumbosacral radiculopathy in two Sicilian municipalities. Sicilian Neuro-Epidemiologic Study (SNES) Group.
55  lateral rectus muscle
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
MR (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
1984 Phasic activity of the basolateral amygdala, cingulate gyrus, and hippocampus during REM sleep in the cat.
56  linezolid-resistant
(12 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(4 times)
DNS (2 times)
CF (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
2012 Intensive care unit dissemination of multiple clones of linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium.
57  logistic regression analysis
(12 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ROC (5 times)
AA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2002 Prospective testing of two models based on clinical and oximetric variables for prediction of obstructive sleep apnea.
58  low-responding
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
HR (11 times)
ITI (3 times)
FVIII (2 times)
1984 Effects of phosphatidylserine on avoidance relearning in rats (preliminary observations).
59  Ringer's lactate
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
MAP (4 times)
AR (3 times)
HR (2 times)
1995 Effects of pentafraction and hetastarch plasma expansion on lung and soft tissue transvascular fluid filtration.
60  laparoscopic
(11 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
OR (4 times)
ASA (2 times)
ACS-NSQIP (1 time)
1999 Open vs laparoscopic repair of perforated peptic ulcer.
61  leukocyte-reduced
(11 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
RBC (3 times)
CMV (2 times)
NLR (2 times)
1998 Prevention of cytokine accumulation in platelets obtained with the COBE spectra apheresis system.
62  local-regional
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NB (2 times)
OS (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1985 Analysis of local-regional relapses in patients with early breast cancers treated by excision and radiotherapy: experience of the Institut Gustave-Roussy.
63  log rank
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HR (5 times)
OS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Morphological and immunophenotypic analysis of breast carcinomas with basal and myoepithelial differentiation.
64  level running
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
DR (6 times)
UR (3 times)
CON (1 time)
1990 Stance phase knee and ankle kinematics and kinetics during level and downhill running.
65  light rough
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
HR (8 times)
ER (4 times)
PC (1 time)
1980 Correlation of the effect of feeding upon the cell cycle distribution profiles of MPC-11 cells with the relative appearance of [3H]-choline labeled material in microsomal subfractions and other cell fractions.
66  light-reared
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
DR (8 times)
CMT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
1978 The effect of visual deprivation in the rat on transfer effects after form discrimination training.
67  latent reservoir
(9 times)
Virology
(2 times)
ART (4 times)
HIV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1989 Status of the endorectal ileal pullthrough procedure for ulcerative colitis and polyposis.
68  lateral resolution
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CFB (4 times)
CNR (4 times)
CR (4 times)
2005 A contribution to sonograph image quality estimation using point spread function.
69  leptin resistance
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IR (5 times)
HFD (2 times)
NASH (2 times)
1987 Expression of human choriogonadotropin-like material correlates with metastatic phenotype of R3230 AC rat adenocarcinoma.
70  Leukoregulin
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NK (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1988 Activation of ion channels in tumor cells by leukoregulin, a cytostatic lymphokine.
71  lichenoid reaction
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
OLP (4 times)
MF (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1987 HLA-DR3 antigens in erosive oral lichen planus, cutaneous lichen planus, and lichenoid reactions.
72  low ratio
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
HR (6 times)
ADG (3 times)
RUP (3 times)
2007 The effect of food rations on tissue-specific copper accumulation patterns of sublethal waterborne exposure in Cyprinus carpio.
73  Labeled Release
(8 times)
Biology
(5 times)
GEx (2 times)
PR (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1977 Life on Mars? The Viking labeled release experiment.
74  labeling rate
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PCNA (6 times)
BrdU (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1993 Analysis of proliferative activity using anti-proliferating cell nuclear antigen antibody in gastric cancer tissue specimens obtained by endoscopic biopsy.
75  labor room
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
NICU (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
CMQCC (1 time)
2005 Comparison of two techniques of marking the horizontal axis during excimer laser keratorefractive surgery for myopic astigmatism.
76  laryngeal resistance
(8 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
Ps (2 times)
IOP (1 time)
MA (1 time)
1982 Different laryngeal responses during respiratory arrest produced by hypoxia withdrawal, thiopentone, ketamine, and lidocaine in cats.
77  lymphocyte reactivity
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
PHA (4 times)
CMV (3 times)
APP (1 time)
1975 In vitro lymphocyte reactivity and T-cell levels in chronic cigarette smokers.
78  laser radiation
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SOD (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1991 [Laser therapy in acute nonspecific epididymo-orchitis].
79  lateral retinaculum
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
LRR (3 times)
IMPI (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
1984 Regional (14C) 2-deoxyglucose uptake during forelimb movements evoked by rat motor cortex stimulation: pons, cerebellum, medulla, spinal cord, muscle.
80  leaf removal
(7 times)
Botany
(2 times)
GR (2 times)
ABS/RC (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2015 Combined effects of girdling and leaf removal on fluorescence characteristic of Alhagi sparsifolia leaf senescence.
81  leishmaniasis recidivans
(7 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
CL (5 times)
ACL (1 time)
ADCL (1 time)
1995 Treatment of recurrent cutaneous Leishmaniasis.
82  lenvatinib-resistant
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HCC (4 times)
CIP2A (2 times)
EGFR (2 times)
2013 Phosphoproteomic analysis identifies activated MET-axis PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK in lapatinib-resistant cancer cell line.
83  leukocyte rolling
(7 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
I/R (5 times)
WT (5 times)
LA (3 times)
2005 Antecedent ethanol ingestion prevents postischemic leukocyte adhesion and P-selectin expression by a protein kinase C-dependent mechanism.
84  Lindegaard ratio
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
TCD (4 times)
MCA (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
2005 Posttraumatic vasospasm: the epidemiology, severity, and time course of an underestimated phenomenon: a prospective study performed in 299 patients.
85  living room
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
BR (5 times)
CR (3 times)
MA (2 times)
1997 House dust mite and cat allergen levels in domestic dwellings in Christchurch.
86  low familial risk
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ASD (5 times)
HR (3 times)
BI (1 time)
2015 A neural substrate for behavioral inhibition in the risk for major depressive disorder.
87  low resilience
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HR (6 times)
BRS (3 times)
ASES (2 times)
2017 Resilience correlates with outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty.
88  low reward
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HR (6 times)
ACC (3 times)
BLA (1 time)
2005 The mesocortical dopamine projection to anterior cingulate cortex plays no role in guiding effort-related decisions.
89  laparoscopic rectal resection
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
OR (4 times)
CR (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
2008 Conversion rate in 300 laparoscopic rectal resections and its influence on morbidity and oncological outcome.
90  lateral reach
(6 times)
Physical Medicine
(3 times)
FR (4 times)
COP (1 time)
FES (1 time)
2006 [Effectiveness of ability grouping in structured fall prevention exercise program for frail elderly people].
91  leukocyte-rich
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
PRP (6 times)
LP (5 times)
VAS (2 times)
2019 Prospective Clinical Research of the Efficacy of Platelet-rich Plasma in the Outpatient-based Treatment of Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy.
92  Lichtenstein repair
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
TIPP (2 times)
CPIP (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2010 Laparoscopic (TEP) versus Lichtenstein inguinal hernia repair: a comparison of quality-of-life outcomes.
93  life review
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
DT (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AM (1 time)
2012 Hospice and palliative social workers' engagement in life review interventions.
94  literature review
(6 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
BST (1 time)
DSME (1 time)
DSMEP (1 time)
2008 [The chronic patient's suffering: review of the literature (2000-2006)].
95  lithium ratio
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
Li (1 time)
NE (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
1980 Lithium-drug interactions altering the intracellular lithium level: an in vitro study.
96  liver remnant
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PH (4 times)
FLR (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2012 Early hepatic regeneration index and completeness of regeneration at 6 months after partial hepatectomy.
97  liver-related
(6 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
IF-RB (2 times)
1981 Diagnostic and prognostic significance of an increase in fractional protein clearance ratio before and during rejection of renal transplant.
98  local recurrence rate
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DFS (4 times)
OS (3 times)
BCS (2 times)
2011 Percutaneous stereotactic radiofrequency ablation of colorectal liver metastases.
99  log-roll
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
LS (3 times)
A-P (1 time)
AGIT-Sit (1 time)
2003 A Comparison of Spine-Board Transfer Techniques and the Effect of Training on Performance.
100  London Resin
(6 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
cNOS (1 time)
NOS III (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
1991 Rapid polymerization of LR-white for immunocytochemistry.