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Abbreviation: LS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lumbar spine
(991 times)
Metabolism
(355 times)
BMD (746 times)
FN (573 times)
TH (182 times)
1984 On the pathogenesis of spondylosis deformans and arthrosis uncovertebralis: comparative form-analytical radiological and statistical studies on lumbar and cervical vertebral bodies.
Lynch syndrome
(724 times)
Neoplasms
(284 times)
MMR (285 times)
CRC (251 times)
MSI (109 times)
1993 Congenital genetic instability in colorectal carcinomas.
least squares
(630 times)
Endocrinology
(75 times)
CI (73 times)
AEs (29 times)
T2DM (23 times)
1975 Functional imaging of intrarenal blood flow using scintillation camera and computer.
liver stiffness
(435 times)
Gastroenterology
(151 times)
TE (95 times)
HCC (50 times)
CI (44 times)
2007 Usefulness of noninvasive transient elastography for assessment of liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis C.
lichen sclerosus
(407 times)
Dermatology
(135 times)
SCC (47 times)
VIN (27 times)
HPV (26 times)
1978 An assessment of vulval lichen sclerosus.
laparoscopic splenectomy
(284 times)
General Surgery
(205 times)
ITP (83 times)
OS (60 times)
HALS (16 times)
1979 [Diagnostic and therapeutic importance of splenectomy in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma].
longitudinal strain
(277 times)
Cardiology
(126 times)
LV (120 times)
CS (73 times)
RV (43 times)
1998 Influence of IN-1 antibody and acidic FGF-fibrin glue on the response of injured corticospinal tract axons to human Schwann cell grafts.
lateral septum
(265 times)
Neurology
(111 times)
BNST (21 times)
PVN (21 times)
MeA (16 times)
1975 Studies on extrahypophyseal sites of estrogen action in the induction of ovulation in rats.
low-spin
(233 times)
Chemistry
(189 times)
HS (207 times)
SCO (59 times)
DFT (16 times)
1982 Dynamics of the spin transition in camphor-bound ferric cytochrome P-450 versus temperature, pressure and viscosity.
10  Leigh syndrome
(180 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
mtDNA (27 times)
COX (25 times)
MELAS (13 times)
1991 Cytochrome c oxidase-associated Leigh syndrome: phenotypic features and pathogenetic speculations.
11  long-sleep
(177 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(85 times)
SS (170 times)
RI (12 times)
GABA (8 times)
1976 Salsolinol differentially affects mice selected for sensitivity to alcohol.
12  life satisfaction
(161 times)
Public Health
(30 times)
PA (15 times)
QoL (14 times)
SWB (11 times)
1984 Finnish twins reared apart. III: Personality factors.
13  laparoscopic surgery
(158 times)
General Surgery
(93 times)
OS (72 times)
RS (20 times)
RCTs (7 times)
1990 [Value and advantages of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of ectopic pregnancies].
14  low-salt
(113 times)
Physiology
(49 times)
HS (89 times)
NO (18 times)
NS (17 times)
1982 Effects of salt intake and renal denervation on catecholamine catabolism and excretion.
15  lumbosacral
(106 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
TL (20 times)
CT (10 times)
CRD (9 times)
1977 Equine cerebrospinal fluid: reference values of normal horses.
16  light scattering
(100 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
SEC (15 times)
RI (9 times)
AFM (7 times)
1978 Separation of rabbit marrow precursor cells by combined isopycnic sedimentation and electronic cell sorting.
17  Laron syndrome
(94 times)
Endocrinology
(52 times)
GH (25 times)
GHR (21 times)
IGF-I (16 times)
1993 Characterization of a noncontiguous gene deletion of the growth hormone receptor in Laron's syndrome.
18  Langmuir-Schaefer
(89 times)
Chemistry
(60 times)
LB (21 times)
AFM (17 times)
BAM (7 times)
2004 Langmuir-Schafer films of an amphiphilic ruthenium complex bearing an "almost naked" multicharged headgroup.
19  localized scleroderma
(88 times)
Dermatology
(35 times)
SSc (7 times)
UV (6 times)
MTX (5 times)
1977 Cellular infiltrates in scleroderma skin.
20  lymphoscintigraphy
(83 times)
Neoplasms
(33 times)
SLN (18 times)
SLNB (12 times)
SN (12 times)
1988 Superficial and deep lymphoscintigraphic findings before and after femoro popliteal bypass.
21  locomotive syndrome
(81 times)
Orthopedics
(33 times)
JOA (7 times)
QoL (7 times)
OR (6 times)
2012 Physical performance tests are useful for evaluating and monitoring the severity of locomotive syndrome.
22  litter size
(74 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(40 times)
OR (14 times)
BW (9 times)
IE (5 times)
1986 Increasing ovulation rate and lambing percentage by active immunization against androstenedione in dairy sheep breeds.
23  laparoscopic
(63 times)
General Surgery
(39 times)
OS (16 times)
LT (11 times)
RS (7 times)
1994 Pelvic adhesion formation after pelvic lymphadenectomy: comparison between transperitoneal laparoscopy and extraperitoneal laparotomy in a porcine model.
24  liquid scintillation
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(42 times)
TDCR (11 times)
NIST (10 times)
PS (5 times)
1975 Prediction of the response to chemotherapy in acute leukemia.
25  large subunit
(54 times)
Botany
(13 times)
SS (21 times)
AGPase (5 times)
PII (2 times)
1977 Identification and cloning of the chloroplast gene coding for the large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase from Chlamydomonas reinhardi.
26  Lemierre's syndrome
(54 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
IJV (8 times)
FN (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
2002 Investigation of postanginal sepsis and Lemierre's syndrome in the South West Peninsula.
27  limited stage
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
SCLC (38 times)
ES (30 times)
OS (11 times)
1987 Ifosfamide, etoposide, and thoracic irradiation therapy in 163 patients with unresectable small cell lung cancer.
28  lung surfactant
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
ARDS (6 times)
DPPC (5 times)
NPs (4 times)
1984 Influence of nitrogen, oxygen, air and alveolar gas upon surface tension of lung surfactant.
29  lateral suprasylvian
(47 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
SC (6 times)
AEV (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1980 The afferent ganglion cells and cortical projections of the retinal recipient zone (RRZ) of the cat's pulvinar complex'.
30  low-sodium
(47 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
HS (25 times)
BP (11 times)
NS (9 times)
1982 Acute hypertension in a nonhuman primate: humoral and hemodynamic mechanisms.
31  lignosulfonate
(46 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
DLS (3 times)
KL (3 times)
CaLS (2 times)
1996 Degradation of pentachlorophenol by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium grown in ammonium lignosulphonate media.
32  LEOPARD syndrome
(45 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
NS (17 times)
HCM (6 times)
PTP (5 times)
2004 A novel PTPN11 mutation in LEOPARD syndrome.
33  limb salvage
(41 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
CLI (16 times)
AFS (14 times)
OS (11 times)
1985 Results of revascularization and amputation in severe lower extremity ischemia: a five-year clinical experience.
34  liver stage
(36 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
ES (10 times)
RAS (3 times)
BS (2 times)
1982 [Hemodynamics of congestive cardiomyopathy].
35  liposarcoma
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
LMS (4 times)
RMS (3 times)
STS (3 times)
1993 [Giant liposarcoma of the spermatic cord].
36  life span
(34 times)
Geriatrics
(14 times)
APD (2 times)
APs (2 times)
DR (2 times)
1982 Activity of a novel anthracenyl bishydrazone, 9,10-anthracenedicarboxyaldehyde Bis[(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)hydrazone] dihydrochloride, against experimental tumors in mice.
37  Lofgren's syndrome
(33 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
BAL (8 times)
BALF (4 times)
AUC (2 times)
2004 Combined association between IFN-gamma 3,3 homozygosity and DRB1*03 in Lofgren's syndrome patients.
38  Lewis score
(31 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
CD (24 times)
SBCE (13 times)
CE (10 times)
2011 Lewis score correlates more closely with fecal calprotectin than Capsule Endoscopy Crohn's Disease Activity Index.
39  Lichen striatus
(28 times)
Dermatology
(24 times)
LP (3 times)
AB (2 times)
LLP (2 times)
1993 Linear lichen planus and lichen striatus--opposite ends of a spectrum.
40  late-spiking
(24 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FS (9 times)
RS (6 times)
BS (5 times)
1995 Physiological subgroups of nonpyramidal cells with specific morphological characteristics in layer II/III of rat frontal cortex.
41  lateral septal nucleus
(24 times)
Brain
(10 times)
VMH (9 times)
SuM (5 times)
BNST (4 times)
1990 Responses in the diagonal band of Broca, adjacent septal nuclei and the islands of Calleja of cats to stimulation of the subcallosal fornix, medial basal hypothalamus and medial forebrain bundle.
42  linear stapler
(24 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
CS (14 times)
HS (8 times)
DFT (4 times)
1986 Latero-lateral end anastomosis for right hemicolectomy using staplers.
43  standard length
(24 times)
Zoology
(21 times)
dah (1 time)
dph (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2004 Age, growth and yield per recruit analysis of the pintado Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Agassiz, 1829) in the Cuiaba River basin, Pantanal Matogrossense, Brazil.
44  lacunar stroke
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
AUC (3 times)
CSVD (3 times)
NLS (3 times)
2002 [A study of the hereditary susceptibility of HLA-DQA1 to essential hypertension, athrothrombotic brain infarction and lacunar stroke].
45  LigaSure
(23 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
HS (9 times)
HA (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2004 Bloodless liver resection using the monopolar floating ball plus ligasure diathermy: preliminary results of 16 liver resections.
46  lumbar spondylosis
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
KL (7 times)
KOA (6 times)
ROAD (6 times)
2005 Is lumbar spondylosis a cause of urinary retention in elderly women?
47  Lowe syndrome
(22 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
OCRL (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
CH (2 times)
1989 Lowe oculocerebrorenal syndrome: DNA-based linkage of the gene to Xq24-q26, using tightly linked flanking markers and the correlation to lens examination in carrier diagnosis.
48  levosimendan
(20 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CABG (2 times)
CI (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2003 Hemodynamic effects of a continuous infusion of levosimendan in critically ill patients with cardiogenic shock requiring catecholamines.
49  liver steatosis
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
NAFLD (4 times)
AST (3 times)
2003 Plasma PAI-1 levels are more strongly related to liver steatosis than to adipose tissue accumulation.
50  leukocyte scintigraphy
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(9 times)
BS (4 times)
CD (4 times)
BMS (3 times)
1993 Technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime labelled leucocyte scintigraphy in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
51  lineage-specific
(19 times)
Botany
(5 times)
AMF (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2010 Comparative genomics reveals mobile pathogenicity chromosomes in Fusarium.
52  lung sounds
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(13 times)
HS (8 times)
EMD (4 times)
FD (2 times)
1994 Respiratory health screening using pulmonary function tests and lung sound analysis.
53  lymphosarcoma
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ALL (6 times)
CLL (3 times)
BLV (2 times)
1975 [Influence of allogeneic thymocytes on radioleukemogenesis in AKR-T1ALD mice].
54  level set
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
MR (3 times)
VOF (3 times)
2005 Semi-automated brain tumor and edema segmentation using MRI.
55  Likert scale
(18 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
VAS (5 times)
CI (2 times)
RS (2 times)
1999 A comparison of the reproducibility and the sensitivity to change of visual analogue scales, Borg scales, and Likert scales in normal subjects during submaximal exercise.
56  Longitudinal Study
(18 times)
Statistics as Topic
(6 times)
ONS (4 times)
adP (1 time)
ASFRs (1 time)
1993 Socioeconomic characteristics of interregional migrants in England and Wales, 1939-71.
57  low-starch
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
HS (17 times)
DM (5 times)
DIM (3 times)
2005 Incidence of puberty in beef heifers fed high- or low-starch diets for different periods before breeding.
58  laser sintering
(17 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
Co-Cr (3 times)
FDM (2 times)
PA12 (2 times)
1982 A laser nephelometric method for measuring alternative pathway complement activity of human and murine serum.
59  low-sensitivity
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
hs (13 times)
nAChR (5 times)
nAChRs (2 times)
2007 Clinical utility of urine pregnancy assays to determine medical abortion outcome is limited.
60  lacrimal sac
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
NLD (4 times)
CNLDO (2 times)
LDS (2 times)
2004 Ultrasonic visualization of the effect of blinking on the lacrimal pump mechanism.
61  laser surgery
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
RT (5 times)
ES (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
1987 Cognition and adjustment after late and early operation for ruptured aneurysm.
62  left-sided
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RS (14 times)
OS (5 times)
CRC (4 times)
1984 Impact performance of bicycle helmets.
63  levator scapulae
(15 times)
Physical Medicine
(5 times)
RM (6 times)
EMG (4 times)
LT (4 times)
1993 [Distribution of motor nuclei in feline ventral neck muscles].
64  Lhermitte's sign
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IMRT (2 times)
BED (1 time)
CGMH (1 time)
1996 Electric shock-like sensations in 42 cancer patients: clinical characteristics and distinct etiologies.
65  low stress
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HS (9 times)
CG (2 times)
CVOL (2 times)
1979 [The effects of electric stress on pancreatic B cell function in rats fed a high fat diet (I). Glucose tolerance and glucose-induced insulin release from the perfused pancreas (author's transl)].
66  lumazine synthase
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AaLS (1 time)
AaRS (1 time)
BaLS (1 time)
2002 Comparative performance of tests using cytosolic or outer membrane antigens of Brucella for the serodiagnosis of canine brucellosis.
67  lateral suprasylvian visual area
(14 times)
Brain
(7 times)
AEV (4 times)
LM-Sg (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1981 Cortical visual input to the orbito-insular cortex in the cat.
68  locomotion score
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
BCS (3 times)
beta-HB (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2011 Association between somatic cell count and serial locomotion score assessments in UK dairy cows.
69  low-salt diet
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
HS (11 times)
NS (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1989 Norepinephrine overflow and re-uptake in perfused mesenteric arteries of Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats.
70  less sensitive
(13 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
EIA (5 times)
CI (4 times)
HIV (4 times)
1998 Lysis-sensitive targets stimulate an elevation of cAMP in human natural killer cells.
71  Liddle syndrome
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ENaC (7 times)
PA (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
1997 Liddle's syndrome: a 14-year follow-up of the youngest diagnosed case.
72  liquid-solid
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
VLS (4 times)
L-L (2 times)
VS (2 times)
2014 Phase transition behaviours of a single dendritic polymer.
73  long survivors
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
SS (5 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1992 Studies on avian spinal cord chimeras. I. Neurological and histological manifestations.
74  leg strength
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HS (5 times)
BS (2 times)
HGS (2 times)
1990 Relationships of body size, segmental dimensions, and ponderal equivalents to muscular strength in high-strength and low-strength subjects.
75  lesion scores
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
FCR (4 times)
ACI (3 times)
BWG (3 times)
1997 Interactive effects of betaine and monensin in uninfected and Eimeria acervulina-infected chicks.
76  lifestyle
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
BMI (3 times)
AO (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2010 Effects of therapeutic lifestyle changes on peripheral artery tonometry in patients with abdominal obesity.
77  light sleep
(12 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
REMS (6 times)
DS (5 times)
SWS (5 times)
1995 Sleep and waking in 5,7-DHT-lesioned or (-)-pindolol-pretreated rats after administration of buspirone, ipsapirone, or gepirone.
78  loading solution
(12 times)
Freezing
(6 times)
LH (4 times)
LN (4 times)
PVS2 (3 times)
2006 Cryopreservation of shoot tips of blackberry and raspberry by encapsulation-dehydration and vitrification.
79  light smokers
(11 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
HS (7 times)
NS (7 times)
MS (3 times)
1994 Increased release of ferritin and iron by iron-loaded alveolar macrophages in cigarette smokers.
80  linear scleroderma
(11 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
GM (2 times)
JLS (2 times)
PM (2 times)
1996 [Lesions of the hand and upper limb in children with linear scleroderma. Therapeutic approach in two cases].
81  linear score
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
IMI (3 times)
SCC (3 times)
ADCT (1 time)
2004 Effectiveness of an internal teat seal in the prevention of new intramammary infections during the dry and early-lactation periods in dairy cows when used with a dry cow intramammary antibiotic.
82  linker-scanning
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
Ad (1 time)
APRT (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1985 Adenovirus EIIA early promoter: transcriptional control elements and induction by the viral pre-early EIA gene, which appears to be sequence independent.
83  linseed
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
FA (4 times)
CLA (3 times)
2011 Fatty acid profile and qualitative characteristics of meat from zebu steers fed with different oilseeds.
84  lotus seed starch
(11 times)
Food
(6 times)
GG (4 times)
HPH (4 times)
CS (3 times)
2017 Properties of lotus seed starch-glycerin monostearin complexes formed by high pressure homogenization.
85  lying to standing
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
DB (11 times)
PH (5 times)
SHG (5 times)
1984 Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic reflexes in multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
86  lymphocyte stimulation
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LMI (4 times)
MHC (3 times)
MLC (3 times)
1975 Studies of lymphocyte stimulation by intact tumor-cell and solubilized tumor antigen.
87  laminar shear stress
(10 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
OS (7 times)
ECs (3 times)
EC (2 times)
2006 Role of NADPH oxidases in disturbed flow- and BMP4- induced inflammation and atherosclerosis.
88  laparoscopic suturing
(10 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
EUS (2 times)
AL (1 time)
BWS (1 time)
2001 Staging of pancreatic and ampullary cancers for resectability using laparoscopy with laparoscopic ultrasound.
89  leader sequence
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
sTNF-alpha (2 times)
tmTNF-alpha (2 times)
XBD (2 times)
1992 Evidence for failure of V(D)J recombination in bone marrow pre-B cells from X-linked agammaglobulinemia.
90  left superior
(10 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
RS (8 times)
AF (7 times)
LI (7 times)
2002 Electrical connections between pulmonary veins: implication for ostial ablation of pulmonary veins in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
91  limestone
(10 times)
Technology
(6 times)
SS (3 times)
ES (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2006 Physico-chemical method for ammonia removal from synthetic wastewater using limestone and GAC in batch and column studies.
92  limonene synthase
(10 times)
Botany
(3 times)
Dxs (3 times)
GPP (3 times)
GPPS (3 times)
2003 Limonene production in tobacco with Perilla limonene synthase cDNA.
93  Linsmaier and Skoog
(10 times)
Botany
(5 times)
MS (4 times)
BAP (1 time)
dw (1 time)
1984 Adventitious Embryogenesis and the in vitro culture of Apple Seed Parts.
94  local search
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
WS (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
CDG (1 time)
2000 Minimizing stochastic complexity using local search and GLA with applications to classification of bacteria.
95  lumbar sympathectomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
ABI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HBO (1 time)
1996 Lumbar sympathectomy for causalgia secondary to lumbar laminectomy.
96  laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy
(9 times)
Urology
(5 times)
POP (3 times)
TVM (2 times)
BS (1 time)
2012 A pilot study on vaginally assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for patients with uterovaginal prolapse.
97  liver-spleen
(9 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
MTD (2 times)
SCA (2 times)
1983 Value of selective spleen scintigraphy when liver/spleen image shows equivocal spleen defects: concise communication.
98  long segment
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
SS (3 times)
AF (1 time)
AOO (1 time)
1981 Effect of hypochloremia on loop segment chloride and solute reabsorption in the rat during volume expansion.
99  low-sodium diet
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
HS (4 times)
NS (3 times)
Ang II (2 times)
1990 Beta-1 adrenergic inhibition of kallikrein release from rat kidney cortical slices.
100  lateral sequence
(8 times)
Anthropology
(5 times)
DS (8 times)
AQ (1 time)
COM (1 time)
2004 Locomotor mechanics of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus).