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Abbreviation: MAF
Appearance Frequency: 1544 time(s)
Long forms: 180

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
minor allele frequency
(810 times)
Genetics, Medical
(135 times)
SNPs (176 times)
GWAS (92 times)
SNP (80 times)
1991 Motor imagination--a model for motor performances?
macrophage-activating factor
(235 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(146 times)
LPS (32 times)
IFN-gamma (22 times)
IL-2 (22 times)
1976 Hapten-specific responses to contact sensitizers. Use of fluorodinitrobenzene to elicit migration inhibition and macrophage agglutination factors from lymph node cells of contact-sensitive guinea-pigs.
Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue
(64 times)
Rheumatology
(30 times)
PSQI (12 times)
FSS (11 times)
RA (11 times)
1996 Psychosocial correlates of fatigue in multiple sclerosis.
Micro-Angiographic Fluoroscope
(34 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FPD (10 times)
LII (6 times)
CAPIDS (5 times)
2005 A Prototype Micro-Angiographic Fluoroscope and Its Application in Animal Studies.
master apical file
(26 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SEM (7 times)
EDTA (3 times)
CAP (2 times)
2002 Influence of calcium hydroxide intracanal medication on apical seal.
mutant allele fraction
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
PFS (9 times)
OS (7 times)
cfDNA (6 times)
2016 Development and validation of an ultra-high sensitive next-generation sequencing assay for molecular diagnosis of clinical oncology.
mouse amniotic fluid
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
AFP (7 times)
DNP-Ficoll (2 times)
FLC (2 times)
1975 Suppression of the immune response by alpha-fetoprotein on the primary and secondary antibody response.
musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
CRYGD (2 times)
AQP0 (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2004 Gonadotropin-induced gene regulation in human granulosa cells obtained from IVF patients: modulation of genes coding for growth factors and their receptors and genes involved in cancer and other diseases.
musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
MAPK (2 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
AP-1 (1 time)
1987 Musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis. A report of 28 cases and review of the literature.
10  mafosfamide
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
4-HC (2 times)
ALL (2 times)
AML (2 times)
1987 Preclinical and early clinical trial with mafosfamide as immune modulator.
11  Mycobacterium africanum
(10 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
Mtb (7 times)
TB (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2009 Differences between tuberculosis cases infected with Mycobacterium africanum, West African type 2, relative to Euro-American Mycobacterium tuberculosis: an update.
12  MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING
(8 times)
Botany
(6 times)
FLC (6 times)
FRI (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 The downregulation of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) expression in plants with low levels of DNA methylation and by vernalization occurs by distinct mechanisms.
13  maximum autocorrelation factor
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
PCA (3 times)
BCC (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2007 The regularized iteratively reweighted MAD method for change detection in multi- and hyperspectral data.
14  Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CSFv (1 time)
MAFF (1 time)
MHLW (1 time)
2003 Symptom complaints following aerial spraying with biological insecticide Foray 48B.
15  moving average filter
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BF (1 time)
BWF (1 time)
cICA (1 time)
2012 Suitability of bilateral filtering for edge-preserving noise reduction in PET.
16  multiphoton autofluorescence
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
SHG (5 times)
BWSHG (1 time)
FWSHG (1 time)
2008 Label-free imaging of Drosophila larva by multiphoton autofluorescence and second harmonic generation microscopy.
17  mutation annotation format
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
VCF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2013 Association of oxysterol binding protein-related protein 9 polymorphism with cerebral infarction in Hunan Han population.
18  methylammonium formate
(5 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(3 times)
AAF (2 times)
BLYP (2 times)
DCACP (2 times)
2008 Methylammonium formate as a mobile phase modifier for totally aqueous reversed-phase liquid chromatography.
19  microcytic anemia factor
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
RSF (3 times)
Hb (2 times)
LHD (2 times)
2012 Evaluation of derived Coulter red blood cell parameters for the assessment of iron deficiency in adults with congenital heart disease.
20  Mucosal advancement flap
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AFP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
EOs (1 time)
2010 Mucosal advancement flap versus primary closure after vermilionectomy of the lower lip.
21  M phi-activating factor
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
LPS (2 times)
M phi (2 times)
PDBu (1 time)
1981 Activation of murine macrophages. I. Different pattern of activation by poly I:C than by lymphokine or LPS.
22  mandibular angle fractures
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CBCT (1 time)
GA (1 time)
MMF (1 time)
2013 Clinical indication for intraoperative 3D imaging during open reduction of fractures of the mandibular angle.
23  mobile amorphous fraction
(4 times)
Physics
(2 times)
RAF (3 times)
CF (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2017 Dynamic glass transition of the rigid amorphous fraction in polyurethane-urea/SiO2 nanocomposites.
24  modified acid-fast
(4 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ELISA (3 times)
IHC (1 time)
MTS (1 time)
2000 Coxiella burnetii infection is associated with placentitis in cases of bovine abortion.
25  magnetic abrasive finishing
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2015 Nano-finishing of BK7 optical glass using magnetic abrasive finishing process.
26  mammary cell-activating factor
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CTI (1 time)
ELP (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
1992 A mammary cell-specific enhancer in mouse mammary tumor virus DNA is composed of multiple regulatory elements including binding sites for CTF/NFI and a novel transcription factor, mammary cell-activating factor.
27  mass air flow
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LDGV (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
OBD (1 time)
2015 An LPV Adaptive Observer for Updating a Map Applied to an MAF Sensor in a Diesel Engine.
28  maximal activity focus
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
DCR (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
1976 [Transcallosal modulation of a focus of maximal activity in the motor cortex].
29  mean aortic flow
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MAP (2 times)
HR (1 time)
MHR (1 time)
1977 Parameters for assessing vibration-induced cardiovascular responses in awake dogs.
30  medical assistance facility
(3 times)
Hospitals
(2 times)
CAH (1 time)
HCFA (1 time)
1991 A model in Montana: ensuring access to care.
31  Meldrum's activated furan
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
DASAs (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2017 A Versatile and Highly Selective Colorimetric Sensor for the Detection of Amines.
32  metanephric adenofibroma
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MA (3 times)
WT (2 times)
MST (1 time)
2004 Correlation of radiological and clinical features of metanephric neoplasms in adults.
33  microglia activation factor
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LAMP-1 (1 time)
2004 Identification of macrophage/microglia activation factor (MAF) associated with late endosomes/lysosomes in microglial cells.
34  Minor Allele Frequencies
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CYP3A4 (1 time)
DGF (1 time)
2013 Frequencies of Functional Polymorphisms in Three Pharmacokinetic Genes of Clinical Interest within the Admixed Puerto Rican Population.
35  Mitochondria activation factor
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
2012 Black tea high-molecular-weight polyphenol increases the motility of sea urchin sperm by activating mitochondrial respiration.
36  Mitral annular flutter
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LMIL (2 times)
SMIL (2 times)
LAAW (1 time)
2011 Feasibility of catheter ablation of mitral annular flutter in patients with prior mitral valve surgery.
37  mucosa-associated flora
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
UC (1 time)
1984 The microbial flora of the rectal mucosa and faeces of patients with Crohn's disease before and during antimicrobial chemotherapy.
38  multidimensional adaptive filtering
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MSCT (2 times)
2003 [Improvement of the image quality of MSCT of the pelvis with a raw data-based, multidimensional filter].
39  Multiple Alignment Format
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2014 MafFilter: a highly flexible and extensible multiple genome alignment files processor.
40  8-methylamino-8-demethyl-D-riboflavin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RoF (2 times)
QC (1 time)
RosA (1 time)
1987 Formation of roseoflavin from 8-amino- and 8-methylamino-8-demethyl-D-riboflavin.
41  macromolecular adhesive factors
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1994 [The effect of macromolecular adhesion factors isolated from the blood serum and liver of mammals on the intensity of protein synthesis and the ATP content in hepatocytes in vitro].
42  magic-angle flipping
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2010 Q(n) species distribution in K2O.2SiO2 glass by 29Si magic angle flipping NMR.
43  malaria attributable fraction
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
LDR-FMA (1 time)
MSP2 (1 time)
2005 Malaria in southern Mozambique: malariometric indicators and malaria case definition in Manhica district.
44  malaria-attributable fever
(2 times)
Malaria
(2 times)
NMFI (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
RDTs (1 time)
2011 Strict adherence to malaria rapid test results might lead to a neglect of other dangerous diseases: a cost benefit analysis from Burkina Faso.
45  Malaysian Armed Forces
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMR (1 time)
NCOs (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2006 Satisfaction with the oral health services. A qualitative study among Non-Commissioned Officers in the Malaysian Armed Forces.
46  malignant ascites fluid
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2002 Malignant ascites fluid (MAF), including ovarian-cancer-associated MAF, contains angiostatin and other factor(s) which inhibit angiogenesis.
47  mangiferin
(2 times)
Oxidative Stress
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
TTC (1 time)
2019 Mangiferin Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury via MAPK/Nrf-2/HO-1/NF-kappaB In Vitro and In Vivo.
48  masked auditory feedback
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
AAF (2 times)
APH/AOS (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
2010 An experimental investigation of the effect of altered auditory feedback on the conversational speech of adults who stutter.
49  mature adipocyte fraction
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
PER1 (1 time)
2014 Accumulation of adiponectin in inflamed adipose tissues of obese mice.
50  maximum acceptable frequency
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Maximum acceptable frequencies for females performing a drilling task in different wrist postures.
51  MDR activity factor
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
B-ALL (1 time)
BCRP (1 time)
bDMARD (1 time)
2005 Application of flow cytometry immunophenotyping and multidrug resistance assay in B-cell acute lymphoid leukemia and multiple myeloma.
52  meconium-stained amniotic fluid
(2 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FBP (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
1995 [Administration of pethidine in labor with meconium contaminated amniotic fluid: effect on fetal outcome and respiratory disorders].
53  metabolically available fractions
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDM (1 time)
CD (1 time)
MAFrate (1 time)
2008 Trophic transfer of Cd from larval chironomids (Chironomus riparius) exposed via sediment or waterborne routes, to zebrafish (Danio rerio): tissue-specific and subcellular comparisons.
54  metal-azolate framework
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CFA-18 (1 time)
DMF (1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2009 Synthesis and gas sorption properties of a metal-azolium framework (MAF) material.
55  Metastasis Associated Fibroblasts
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
ERM (1 time)
2018 Brcal Defective Breast Cancer Cells Induce in vitro Transformation of Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) to Metastasis Associated Fibroblasts (MAF).
56  Method of Anatomical Features
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CAOS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HMCP (1 time)
2015 The Parametric Model of the Human Mandible Coronoid Process Created by Method of Anatomical Features.
57  microaggregate filtration
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BCR (1 time)
CWF (1 time)
CWF-RBC (1 time)
1987 'Spin, cool, and filter' red cells prepared in a regional blood center.
58  Microciona aggregation factor
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
9AA (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
1985 From Beaumont to poison ivy: marine sponge cell aggregation and the secretory basis of inflammation.
59  Microciona prolifera
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PNGase (1 time)
1988 Two cell surface proteins bind the sponge Microciona prolifera aggregation factor.
60  Microciona prolifera aggregation factor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NGF (1 time)
1982 Cell binding fragments from a sponge proteoglycan-like aggregation factor.
61  microwave assisted freezing
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
2019 Effect of innovative microwave assisted freezing (MAF) on the quality attributes of apples and potatoes.
62  middle-arm fistula
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AVF (1 time)
dRCF (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2004 The middle-arm fistula: A new native arteriovenous vascular access for hemodialysis patients.
63  miniplate anchored Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2020 Treatment efficiency of activator and skeletal anchored Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device appliances.
64  minor frequency alleles
(2 times)
Immunity, Innate
(1 time)
ddRAD-seq (1 time)
LD (1 time)
LSL (1 time)
2018 How many single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) must be tested in order to prove susceptibility to bacterial meningitis in children? Analysis of 11 SNPs in seven genes involved in the immune response and their effect on the susceptibility to bacterial meningitis in children.
65  mixed Amberlite and ferrihydrite
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DGT (2 times)
2013 Optimization of the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) method for simultaneous assay of potassium and plant-available phosphorus in soils.
66  monocular accommodative facility
(2 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AI (1 time)
MAA (1 time)
2014 Accommodative changes produced in response to overnight orthokeratology.
67  monocyte activating factor
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CL (2 times)
FcgammaR (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1989 The effect of interleukin 2 on Fc-gamma receptor function of human monocytes requires specific intercellular interaction.
68  monolithic adsorption filtration
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
LOD (2 times)
CeUF (1 time)
CL-SMIA (1 time)
2016 Rapid quantification method for Legionella pneumophila in surface water.
69  mucosal adhesive film
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PDL (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2003 Topical chemoprevention of oral cancer with tretinoin "biofilm".
70  Multidrug Activity Factors
(2 times)
Pathology, Surgical
(1 time)
CdA (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2009 Glucosylceramide synthase inhibitors sensitise CLL cells to cytotoxic agents without reversing P-gp functional activity.
71  multidrug resistance activity factor
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
MDR (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
AML (1 time)
2001 Calcein assay for multidrug resistance reliably predicts therapy response and survival rate in acute myeloid leukaemia.
72  multiple-acquisition-frame
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DVR (1 time)
EBE (1 time)
NHPs (1 time)
2005 Motion artifact reduction on parametric PET images of neuroreceptor binding.
73  25-O-methylalisol F
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ANG (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2018 Novel RAS inhibitor 25-O-methylalisol F attenuates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and tubulo-interstitial fibrosis by selectively inhibiting TGF-beta-mediated Smad3 phosphorylation.
74  activities-macrophage activating factor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1983 Functional identity between murine gamma interferon and macrophage activating factor.
75  association--minor allele frequency
(1 time)
Aging
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Association of the FOXO3A locus with extreme longevity in a southern Italian centenarian study.
76  IMP activating factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DMS (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1989 Implication of activation of intraperitoneal macrophages with bio-degradable microspheres.
77  M. amblycephala fin cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HSEs (1 time)
HSP70 (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2014 Study on the immune response to recombinant Hsp70 protein from Megalobrama amblycephala.
78  maceration-alcoholic fermentation
(1 time)
MLF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2019 Feasibility of using integrated fingerprinting, profiling and chemometrics approach to understand (bio) chemical changes throughout commercial red winemaking: A case study on Merlot.
79  macrofiltration
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DCMD (1 time)
UF (1 time)
2018 Application of direct contact membrane distillation for saline dairy effluent treatment: performance and fouling analysis.
80  Macrophage Arming Factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Lymphocyte induced macrophage cytotoxicity: characterization of the macrophage cytotoxicity-inducing lymphocyte.
81  macular autofluorescence
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2015 Macular auto-fluorescence is a follow-up parameter for cystoids macular edema.
82  MAF values in the patient cohort
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ENPP1 (1 time)
PXE (1 time)
2014 Variants in genes encoding pyrophosphate metabolizing enzymes are associated with Pseudoxanthoma elasticum.
83  mafenide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
GSDMD (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2020 Investigation on the mechanism of mafenide in inhibiting pyroptosis and the release of inflammatory factors.
84  mafenide acetate gel
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2007 Management of bioburden with a burn gel that targets nociceptors.
85  mafosfamide cyclohexylamine salt
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CYC (1 time)
GLU (1 time)
IFO (1 time)
2002 In vitro activity of oxazaphosphorines in childhood acute leukemia: preliminary report.
86  major accessory fissures
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
2015 MAJOR ANATOMIC VARIATIONS OF PULMONARY FISSURES AND LOBES ON POSTMORTEM EXAMINATION.
87  major active fraction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2013 Anti-inflammatory activities of an active fraction isolated from the root of Astragalus membranaceus in RAW 264.7 macrophages.
88  major amputation-free
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
BM-MNCs (1 time)
2018 Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Survey of Bone Marrow-Derived Cell Therapy in Critical Limb Ischemia in Japan.
89  major apical foramen
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PTG (1 time)
PTU (1 time)
RB (1 time)
2021 Comparative Evaluation of Dentinal Microcrack Formation before and after Root Canal Preparation Using Rotary, Reciprocating, and Adaptive Instruments at Different Working Lengths-A Micro-computed Tomographic Study.
90  malaria-attributable fraction of fevers
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
mRDTs (1 time)
PPVs (1 time)
TPRs (1 time)
2021 Overdiagnosis of Malaria Illness in an Endemic Setting: A Facility-Based Surveillance Study in Malawi.
91  male artificial feed
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
FAF (1 time)
MGF (1 time)
2018 Metabolomics investigation of dietary effects on flesh quality in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus).
92  mango seed almond fat
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
2003 Mango seed uses: thermal behaviour of mango seed almond fat and its mixtures with cocoa butter.
93  manual assessment of fusion
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OCN (1 time)
OPN (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2019 Locally Applied Simvastatin as an Adjunct to Promote Spinal Fusion in Rats.
94  mass airflow sensor(s)
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FFS (1 time)
SCFM (1 time)
UTVs (1 time)
2016 Design and Use of a Full Flow Sampling System (FFS) for the Quantification of Methane Emissions.
95  Master Area File
(1 time)
Public Policy
(1 time)
--- 2010 New Directions in the Development of Population Estimates in the United States?
96  maximal aerobic force
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
MAOD (1 time)
2016 Determination of VO2-Intensity Relationship and MAOD in Tethered Swimming.
97  maximum absorbance frequency
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
MAR (1 time)
RF (1 time)
SSCD (1 time)
2018 Can Wideband Tympanometry Be Used as a Screening Test for Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence?
98  maximum accelerative force
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MDF (1 time)
MVF (1 time)
1989 Changes in limb loading with lameness for a number of Friesian cattle.
99  maximum acceptable force
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MMH (1 time)
2012 Association between spinal loads and the psychophysical determination of maximum acceptable force during pushing tasks.
100  maximum activation front
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2020 Optimal pacing sites in cardiac resynchronization by left ventricular activation front analysis.