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Abbreviation: MD
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Long forms: 1473

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
molecular dynamics
(15732 times)
Chemistry
(6467 times)
DFT (583 times)
QM/MM (299 times)
NMR (250 times)
1986 Structural changes in retinol binding protein induced by retinol removal. A molecular dynamics study.
mean difference
(8247 times)
Medicine
(3057 times)
CI (4729 times)
RCTs (2708 times)
RR (2695 times)
1988 [Reproducibility and development of pulse wave velocity at rest and during exertion].
mean diffusivity
(2443 times)
Neurology
(702 times)
FA (1984 times)
DTI (1292 times)
AD (551 times)
2001 Diffusion tensor imaging in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Meniere's disease
(1608 times)
Otolaryngology
(484 times)
MDV (302 times)
EH (86 times)
VM (60 times)
1968 Atypical cells in the peripheral blood of chickens exposed to Marek's disease agent.
mean deviation
(1356 times)
Ophthalmology
(945 times)
VF (341 times)
PSD (279 times)
IOP (244 times)
1975 The accuracy of diver sound localization by pointing.
major depression
(838 times)
Psychiatry
(398 times)
GAD (63 times)
AD (59 times)
PD (42 times)
1975 Conformity and psychopathology: a comparative study of conformity behaviors in manic-depressive, paranoid schizophrenic and normal populations.
Mediterranean diet
(676 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(202 times)
BMI (53 times)
PA (40 times)
MDS (37 times)
2003 An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
molecular dynamics simulations
(272 times)
Chemistry
(95 times)
DFT (10 times)
CoMFA (8 times)
CoMSIA (7 times)
1990 Insights into the function of the zinc hydroxide-Thr199-Glu106 hydrogen bonding network in carbonic anhydrases.
muscular dystrophy
(263 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
DMD (22 times)
MS (15 times)
SCI (14 times)
1975 Echocardiographic evaluation of posterior left ventricular wall motion in muscular dystrophy.
10  Meckel's diverticulum
(260 times)
General Surgery
(84 times)
GI (14 times)
DBE (10 times)
CT (9 times)
1981 Auto-amputation of Meckel's diverticulum. A case report.
11  membrane distillation
(257 times)
Environmental Health
(139 times)
PVDF (35 times)
DCMD (33 times)
RO (23 times)
2000 Membrane distillation of human plasma ultrafiltrate and its theoretical applications to haemodialysis techniques.
12  microdialysis
(252 times)
Pharmacology
(43 times)
TBI (24 times)
ICP (22 times)
ECF (14 times)
1992 Extracellular changes of inorganic phosphate are different during spreading depression and global cerebral ischemia of rats.
13  myotonic dystrophy
(222 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
ECG (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
FSH (5 times)
1976 Peripheral nerve morphometry in myotonic dystrophy.
14  mammographic density
(205 times)
Neoplasms
(138 times)
BMI (33 times)
BC (28 times)
CI (24 times)
2007 Strong evidence of a genetic determinant for mammographic density, a major risk factor for breast cancer.
15  maltodextrin
(192 times)
Food
(33 times)
GA (36 times)
DSC (9 times)
SEM (9 times)
1983 Energy metabolism of medium-chain triglycerides versus carbohydrates during exercise.
16  monocular deprivation
(192 times)
Neurology
(97 times)
OD (48 times)
LGN (10 times)
CP (9 times)
1982 Behavioural, physiological, and anatomical consequences of monocular deprivation in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
17  mean defect
(178 times)
Ophthalmology
(123 times)
MS (30 times)
POAG (29 times)
IOP (28 times)
1986 [Detectability of glaucomatous visual field defects with the Octopus automatic perimeter. A comparison between program G-1 and programs 31 and 32 and their combinations].
18  maternal deprivation
(162 times)
Neurology
(54 times)
PND (33 times)
PFC (10 times)
BDNF (9 times)
1983 Ontogeny of stress effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rats.
19  mediodorsal
(130 times)
Neurology
(69 times)
VM (19 times)
VL (16 times)
PFC (12 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
20  mesiodistal
(130 times)
Dentistry
(66 times)
BL (74 times)
CBCT (11 times)
LL (7 times)
1984 Tooth morphology and lower incisor alignment many years after orthodontic therapy.
21  mental disorders
(128 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
ED (7 times)
CI (6 times)
MSD (6 times)
1993 Implications of mental and substance use disorders. A comparison of single and dual diagnosis patients.
22  macula densa
(122 times)
Physiology
(61 times)
TGF (46 times)
NO (22 times)
TAL (11 times)
1976 Functional segmentation of the rabbit distal tubule by microdetermination of hormone-dependent adenylate cyclase activity.
23  mitochondrial disease
(120 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
mtDNA (11 times)
MELAS (8 times)
nDNA (7 times)
1994 [Clinical and investigative approaches in mitochondrial diseases. A review of 15 cases].
24  maintenance dose
(100 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
LD (63 times)
PCI (15 times)
CAD (11 times)
1988 Warfarin dosage requirements: prospective clinical trial of a method for prediction from the response to a single dose.
25  meningococcal disease
(88 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
CI (8 times)
GMI (5 times)
FH (3 times)
1983 Meningococcal disease in South Australia: incidence and serogroup distribution 1971-1980.
26  mood disorders
(88 times)
Psychiatry
(41 times)
AD (9 times)
BD (8 times)
HC (7 times)
1995 35% CO2 challenge in panic and mood disorders.
27  mediodorsal thalamus
(86 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PFC (19 times)
mPFC (13 times)
ACC (10 times)
1976 Inhibition of gonadotropin secretion induced by stimulation of thalamic nuclei.
28  macular degeneration
(83 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
AMD (7 times)
PRL (7 times)
RP (6 times)
1997 Structural and developmental analysis of the mouse peripherin/rds gene.
29  mediodorsal nucleus
(78 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
CM (10 times)
cL (9 times)
PFC (9 times)
1975 An olfactory projection area in orbitofrontal cortex of the monkey.
30  mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
(78 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
PFC (11 times)
mPFC (4 times)
OT (4 times)
1980 Thalamocortical mechanisms in odor-guided behavior. I. Effects of lesions of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and frontal cortex on olfactory discrimination in the rat.
31  mixed dementia
(73 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
AD (48 times)
MCI (25 times)
VaD (24 times)
1990 [Neuropathologic study of 50 cases of senile dementia].
32  movement disorders
(68 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
PD (7 times)
GA1 (3 times)
MS (3 times)
1993 [Abnormal movements of the larynx. Diagnostic approach and therapeutic perspectives].
33  medical devices
(66 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DEHP (4 times)
EU (4 times)
FDA (3 times)
1998 [Impact of hospital infection on medical expenditures in a continuing care and rehabilitation service at a geriatric hospital].
34  Medicine
(65 times)
Education
(11 times)
DO (11 times)
NIH (4 times)
NP (3 times)
1989 The McMaster M.D. program: a case study of renewal in medical education.
35  muscle dysmorphia
(65 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
BDD (9 times)
MDDI (8 times)
ED (7 times)
2002 Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters.
36  medical doctor
(61 times)
Chiropractic
(5 times)
DC (6 times)
CI (4 times)
NP (4 times)
1990 A survey regarding the disclosure of the diagnosis of cancer in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
37  menadione
(55 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ROS (8 times)
GCS (3 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
1990 Oxidative stress in isolated rat renal proximal and distal tubular cells.
38  mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus
(54 times)
Brain
(26 times)
mPFC (6 times)
PFC (6 times)
HR (4 times)
1978 The prefrontal cortex of the cat: anatomical subdivisions based on retrograde labeling of cells in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus.
39  molecular docking
(54 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
CD (7 times)
MDS (6 times)
QSAR (4 times)
2013 A structure-differential binding method for elucidating the interactions between flavonoids and cytochrome-c by ESI-MS and molecular docking.
40  multiple-demand
(52 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
fMRI (4 times)
DMN (3 times)
MVPA (2 times)
2006 EPS Mid-Career Award 2004: brain mechanisms of attention.
41  mean distance
(50 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
BM (6 times)
MA (5 times)
HAs (3 times)
1984 Experimental studies of a coronavirus and coronavirus-like agent in a barrier-maintained feline breeding colony.
42  mineral density
(47 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
micro-CT (10 times)
MIH (5 times)
BMD (4 times)
1993 Variability of mineral density in coralline hydroxyapatite spheres: study by quantitative computed tomography.
43  mucosal disease
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
BVDV (28 times)
cp (18 times)
ncp (12 times)
1976 The growth of respiratory syncytial virus in organ cultures of bovine foetal trachea.
44  Mikulicz's disease
(45 times)
Rheumatology
(17 times)
SS (16 times)
IgG4 (9 times)
IgG4-RD (9 times)
2000 Mikulicz's disease and Sjogren's syndrome.
45  medium dose
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HD (25 times)
LD (23 times)
ICS (5 times)
1991 Doxorubicin-induced cross-resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) related to differential TNF processing.
46  Mahalanobis distance
(42 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
PCA (4 times)
SVM (4 times)
LDA (3 times)
1989 [Analysis of ultrasound B-mode histogram in thyroid tumors].
47  maximum diameter
(42 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
CT (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
PPV (3 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
48  moderately differentiated
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
PD (33 times)
WD (33 times)
SCC (7 times)
1976 Changes in (125I) labeled human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) binding to porcine granulosa cells during follicle development and cell culture.
49  mechanical debridement
(41 times)
Phototherapy
(17 times)
PD (25 times)
aPDT (18 times)
BOP (18 times)
2006 In vivo study on the short-term effect of radiofrequency energy on chondromalacic patellar cartilage and its correlation with calcified cartilage pathology in an equine model.
50  magnetic dipole
(39 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
ED (19 times)
a-Si (3 times)
PL (3 times)
2013 Time-resolved energy-momentum spectroscopy of electric and magnetic dipole transitions in Cr3+:MgO.
51  mechanical dispersion
(39 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
GLS (16 times)
LV (15 times)
LVEF (8 times)
2007 Usefulness of mechanical transvenous dilation and location of areas of adherence in patients undergoing coronary sinus lead extraction.
52  Menetrier's disease
(35 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
CMV (4 times)
UC (3 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
1992 Hypertrophic gastropathy with transient sessile polyps.
53  mitochondrial dysfunction
(35 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
LP (4 times)
mtDNA (3 times)
2007 In utero nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor exposure and signs of possible mitochondrial dysfunction in HIV-uninfected children.
54  monochorionic diamniotic
(35 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
TTTS (15 times)
DD (12 times)
FLP (4 times)
1999 Characteristics of monochorionic-diamniotic growth-retarded twins during the third trimester.
55  multiple doses
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SD (19 times)
PK (6 times)
AUC (3 times)
1981 Delayed alloimmunisation by random single donor platelet transfusions. A randomised study to compare single donor and multiple donor platelet transfusions in cancer patients with severe thrombocytopenia.
56  material decomposition
(34 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
DECT (7 times)
CT (6 times)
ROC (5 times)
2010 Combined domain-decomposition and matrix-decomposition scheme for large-scale diffuse optical tomography.
57  Maryland
(33 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
NY (7 times)
NJ (5 times)
ED (4 times)
1976 Strains of infectious bronchitis virus on the Delmarva peninsula and in Arkansas.
58  mathematics difficulties
(33 times)
Psychology
(19 times)
TA (4 times)
MDRD (3 times)
EF (2 times)
1997 Cognitive arithmetic and problem solving: a comparison of children with specific and general mathematics difficulties.
59  maternal death
(30 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
MNM (22 times)
PLTC (10 times)
SMO (8 times)
2002 Severe acute maternal morbidity and mortality in the Pretoria Academic Complex: changing patterns over 4 years.
60  multidimensional
(30 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
MS (2 times)
PTMs (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
1996 Applications of multidimensional-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-Fourier transform infrared-mass spectrometry.
61  mating disruption
(29 times)
Zoology
(7 times)
CM (4 times)
CRS (2 times)
EGVM (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of mating disruption for control of lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus.
62  microdiscectomy
(27 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
ODI (7 times)
VAS (6 times)
LDH (5 times)
2005 Objective assessment of reduced invasiveness in MED. Compared with conventional one-level laminotomy.
63  minimal difference
(27 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
SEM (12 times)
ICC (11 times)
EMG (2 times)
2008 Assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony during development of heart failure by a novel program using ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT.
64  monocularly deprived
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
LGN (3 times)
NGF (2 times)
7-MX (1 time)
1975 Effects of visual cortex lesions following recovery from monocular deprivation in the cat.
65  modulation depth
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
IL (3 times)
ME (3 times)
THz (3 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
66  moral disengagement
(26 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(8 times)
CB (2 times)
CWB (2 times)
SRE (2 times)
2009 Developmental precursors of moral disengagement and the role of moral disengagement in the development of antisocial behavior.
67  microdensitometry
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
DXA (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
1988 Microdensity of solitary bone cyst after steroid injection.
68  musician's dystonia
(25 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
WD (3 times)
ACEs (2 times)
FTSD (2 times)
2005 Pathophysiological differences between musician's dystonia and writer's cramp.
69  middle domain
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
NTD (6 times)
NBD1 (4 times)
IFN (3 times)
2001 Phosphorylation of p190 on Tyr1105 by c-Src is necessary but not sufficient for EGF-induced actin disassembly in C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts.
70  Minamata disease
(24 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ADL (3 times)
BADL (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
1985 Mortality and survival for Minamata disease.
71  multidetector
(24 times)
Radiology
(14 times)
CT (13 times)
CNR (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
2005 The effect of z overscanning on patient effective dose from multidetector helical computed tomography examinations.
72  major depressive disorder
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
BD (4 times)
SZ (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1995 Descriptive validity and stability of diagnostic criteria for dysthymic disorder.
73  Mullerian duct
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
WD (5 times)
FRT (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
1983 Action of testis graft from puromycin- or cAMP-pretreated donor embryos on the regression of Mullerian ducts in the female chick embryo.
74  main duct
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
IPMNs (10 times)
BD (9 times)
IPMN (8 times)
2013 MUC2 expression and prevalence of high-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma in mixed-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas.
75  medical
(21 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
IPE (5 times)
PT (4 times)
RIPLS (4 times)
1991 Disabling low back Oregon workers' compensation claims. Part I: Methodology and clinical categorization of chiropractic and medical cases.
76  marginal discrepancy
(20 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
AMD (5 times)
CAD-CAM (5 times)
MG (3 times)
2003 Examining the range of normal intraindividual variability in neuropsychological test performance.
77  middle deltoid
(20 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
UT (13 times)
SA (8 times)
EMG (7 times)
2006 Effect of mechanical compression due to load carrying on shoulder muscle fatigue during sustained isometric arm abduction: an electromyographic study.
78  machine direction
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
TD (8 times)
CD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2016 Oriented Cellulose Nanopaper (OCNP) based on bagasse cellulose nanofibrils.
79  maladaptive daydreaming
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
MDers (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
2016 Parallel lives: A phenomenological study of the lived experience of maladaptive daydreaming.
80  mathematical disabilities
(19 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
RD (5 times)
TD (3 times)
VCFS (3 times)
1993 Mathematical disabilities: cognitive, neuropsychological, and genetic components.
81  multidomain
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
PSD (8 times)
SD (6 times)
aMCI (3 times)
1999 Epitope mapping of CCR5 reveals multiple conformational states and distinct but overlapping structures involved in chemokine and coreceptor function.
82  Madelung's disease
(18 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
AKI (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2009 [Madelung's disease].
83  maintenance dialysis
(18 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
ESRD (3 times)
HD (2 times)
MHD (2 times)
1979 Comparative survival of 673 patients with chronic uremia treated with renal transplantation (RT) and maintenance hemodialysis (MD).
84  medial dorsal
(18 times)
Brain
(8 times)
AV (4 times)
VA (3 times)
VPL (3 times)
1989 Anterior and medial thalamic lesions, discriminative avoidance learning, and cingulate cortical neuronal activity in rabbits.
85  medium
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
SP (2 times)
ADSCs (1 time)
1997 Densitometric quantitative analysis of intracoronary ultrasound images: anatomopathological correlation.
86  microdomain
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
ADPR (4 times)
ANK (2 times)
MARylated (2 times)
2007 Myelin protein zero is one of the components of the detergent-resistant membrane microdomain fraction prepared from rat pituitary.
87  mild diabetic
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SD (15 times)
FBG (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1998 Hypoglycemic effect of Biophytum sensitivum in the alloxan diabetic rabbits.
88  Moyamoya disease
(18 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
STA-MCA (5 times)
STA (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
1990 [An association of Shy-Drager syndrome with moyamoya disease--a case report].
89  Mammary ductoscopy
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PND (8 times)
BCS (3 times)
NAF (3 times)
2002 The evolving role of mammary ductoscopy.
90  match day
(17 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
HR (3 times)
sRPE (3 times)
HSRD (2 times)
2017 Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League: Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization.
91  mechanical dyssynchrony
(17 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
CRT (9 times)
LV (9 times)
HF (4 times)
2007 The resynchronization therapy in narrow QRS study (RethinQ study): methods and protocol design.
92  math difficulties
(16 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
WM (3 times)
DCD (2 times)
MDRD (2 times)
2007 Private speech and strategy-use patterns: bidirectional comparisons of children with and without mathematical difficulties in a developmental perspective.
93  medical degree
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PG (3 times)
CAM (2 times)
DO (2 times)
2001 Comparison of knowledge on asthma: doctors completing internal medicine residency and doctors completing medical school.
94  metastatic disease
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LR (5 times)
BC (4 times)
LD (4 times)
1994 [Imaging diagnosis of non-lymph node metastasis of bladder carcinoma].
95  microvessel density
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
VEGF (4 times)
PD-ECGF (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1997 [Correlation of neovascularization and vascular endothelial growth factor in human renal cell carcinoma].
96  moderately degraded
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HD (7 times)
SD (7 times)
LD (5 times)
1994 Clinical studies on thyroid CT number in chronic thyroiditis.
97  motor domain
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
cryo-EM (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
NC (2 times)
1995 A minimal motor domain from chicken skeletal muscle myosin.
98  math disability
(15 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
RD (4 times)
ID (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
1992 Motor disability in children in three birth cohorts.
99  methyldopa
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LD (4 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1979 Antihypertensive effect of prazosin in combination with methyldopa, clonidine, or propranolol.
100  moderate
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PD (5 times)
SD (2 times)
sl (2 times)
1990 Risk of cancer in patients with gastric dysplasia. Follow-up study of 67 patients.