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Abbreviation: MR
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Long forms: 1163

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
magnetic resonance
(25832 times)
Radiology
(10585 times)
CT (3376 times)
MRI (883 times)
US (838 times)
1984 Evaluation of renal masses by MR imaging.
mitral regurgitation
(3911 times)
Cardiology
(2498 times)
LV (779 times)
MV (349 times)
LA (227 times)
1976 Histopathological study of hypertrophied myocardium of known etiologies with special reference to correlation of ECG changes.
mineralocorticoid receptor
(2142 times)
Endocrinology
(488 times)
GR (693 times)
HPA (157 times)
CORT (61 times)
1983 Renal mineralocorticoid receptors and hippocampal corticosterone-binding species have identical intrinsic steroid specificity.
Mendelian randomization
(1891 times)
Medicine
(166 times)
OR (469 times)
GWAS (463 times)
CI (391 times)
2009 Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium testing of biological ascertainment for Mendelian randomization studies.
mental retardation
(732 times)
Genetics, Medical
(235 times)
FISH (34 times)
CP (30 times)
XLMR (29 times)
1977 A biologic and genetic study of 40 cases of severe pure mental retardation.
metabolic rate
(436 times)
Pharmacology
(124 times)
Ta (44 times)
Tb (30 times)
PM (29 times)
1975 Thyroid activity in desert rodents: a mechanism for lowered metabolic rate.
mannose receptor
(342 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(118 times)
DCs (33 times)
DC (23 times)
IL (22 times)
1992 Phagocytic chimeric receptors require both transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains from the mannose receptor.
magnetic resonance imaging
(221 times)
Radiology
(55 times)
CT (75 times)
US (18 times)
PET (16 times)
1984 Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of breast disease: use of transverse relaxation times.
milk replacer
(221 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(173 times)
DM (42 times)
BW (34 times)
CP (30 times)
1986 Growth, intakes and metabolic responses of artificially reared lambs weaned at 14 d of age.
10  mortality rate
(217 times)
Medicine
(44 times)
CI (21 times)
EDR (9 times)
CFR (8 times)
1978 Gonadal hormones and pathogenesis of occlusive arterial thrombosis.
11  mineralocorticoid
(212 times)
Neurology
(64 times)
GR (195 times)
HPA (46 times)
CORT (18 times)
1980 19-nor analogs of adrenal steroids: mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptor activity.
12  modified release
(192 times)
Pharmacology
(85 times)
IR (46 times)
PK (13 times)
RA (9 times)
1988 Intragastric behavior and absorption kinetics of a normal and "floating" modified-release capsule of isradipine under fasted and fed conditions.
13  minor response
(188 times)
Neoplasms
(107 times)
PR (133 times)
CR (85 times)
PD (39 times)
1978 Further studies of effects of chlorpromazine on the contingent negative variation.
14  medial rectus
(167 times)
Ophthalmology
(105 times)
LR (91 times)
PD (32 times)
IR (29 times)
1976 An explanation of eye movements seen in internuclear ophthalmoplegia.
15  mitral valve regurgitation
(163 times)
Cardiology
(83 times)
LV (16 times)
AF (11 times)
MVR (11 times)
1981 Severe mitral regurgitation: a common occurrence in the aging patient with secundum atrial septal defect.
16  mixed reality
(157 times)
Medical Informatics
(25 times)
VR (48 times)
AR (44 times)
HMD (7 times)
2007 A preliminary study of MR sickness evaluation using visual motion aftereffect for advanced driver assistance systems.
17  magnetorheological
(145 times)
Chemistry
(30 times)
CI (15 times)
MRF (13 times)
CIPs (7 times)
2000 Micromechanics of magnetorheological suspensions.
18  Maillard reaction
(129 times)
Chemistry
(47 times)
MRPs (31 times)
HMF (13 times)
AGEs (10 times)
1995 Light from Maillard reaction: photon counting, emission spectrum, photography and visual perception.
19  methicillin-resistant
(128 times)
Microbiology
(29 times)
MS (29 times)
CoNS (24 times)
MRSA (15 times)
1976 [Pathogenicity of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In vitro study].
20  mitochondria-rich
(106 times)
Physiology
(44 times)
FW (15 times)
SW (15 times)
NKA (11 times)
1975 Identification of aldosterone-induced proteins in the toad's urinary bladder.
21  methionine restriction
(103 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(23 times)
FGF21 (11 times)
EE (9 times)
WAT (6 times)
2004 Evaluation of 99mTc-L-methionine brain SPECT for detection of recurrent brain tumor: a pilot study with radiological and pathological correlation.
22  mental rotation
(99 times)
Psychology
(23 times)
RT (8 times)
EEG (5 times)
RRN (4 times)
1994 Test-retest reliability of eccentric peak torque values for shoulder medial and lateral rotation using the Biodex isokinetic dynamometer.
23  methyl red
(91 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
MO (10 times)
MB (9 times)
FTIR (7 times)
1970 Improved 18-hour methyl red test.
24  measles-rubella
(81 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(19 times)
MMR (12 times)
CI (4 times)
CRS (3 times)
1991 Risk of seizures after measles-mumps-rubella immunization.
25  mean ratio
(73 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
CI (18 times)
OR (6 times)
PR (4 times)
1979 Thallium-201: quantitation of right ventricular hypertrophy in chronically hypoxic rats.
26  miscarriage rate
(68 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(31 times)
CPR (50 times)
LBR (41 times)
IR (24 times)
2004 Semen preparation techniques for intrauterine insemination.
27  molar refractivity
(67 times)
Chemistry
(31 times)
QSAR (16 times)
MV (5 times)
MLR (4 times)
1977 Quantitative structure-activity relationships for 5-substituted 8-hydroxyquinolines as inhibitors of dental plaque.
28  molecular response
(67 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
CML (43 times)
OS (13 times)
MMR (11 times)
1999 The risk of residual molecular and cytogenetic disease in patients with Philadelphia-chromosome positive first chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia is reduced after transplantation of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells compared with bone marrow.
29  molecular replacement
(65 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(28 times)
PDB (5 times)
SAD (4 times)
NCS (3 times)
1995 On the solution of the molecular-replacement problem at very low resolution: application to large complexes.
30  medication reconciliation
(63 times)
Pharmacy
(19 times)
BPMH (8 times)
ADEs (4 times)
MDs (4 times)
2006 Designing an electronic medication reconciliation system.
31  multireference
(62 times)
Chemistry
(57 times)
CC (12 times)
SR (7 times)
GMS (4 times)
2001 The importance of dihydrogen complexes HnGe(H2)+ (n=0,1) to the chemistry of cationic germanium hydrides: advanced theoretical and mass spectrometric analysis.
32  median raphe
(57 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
DR (31 times)
5-HT (5 times)
5,7-DHT (4 times)
1977 Serotonergic basis of reward in median raphe of the rat.
33  muscarinic receptor
(56 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
ACh (13 times)
AC (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1992 Myocardial cholinergic signaling changes with age.
34  mentally retarded
(53 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DS (6 times)
CVF (2 times)
IQ (2 times)
1978 Personality measurement in parents of retarded and emotionally disturbed children: a replication.
35  mitotic rate
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
LI (11 times)
SLN (9 times)
SLNB (5 times)
1980 The effects of neonatal androgenization on mammary gland mitotic rate and susceptibility of carcinogen-induced mammary dysplastigenesis and tumorigenesis in LEW/Mai rats.
36  minimal response
(46 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PR (30 times)
CR (23 times)
MM (10 times)
1976 The liver as a privileged site for parathyroid alloimplanation in the rat.
37  median raphe nucleus
(43 times)
Brain
(14 times)
DR (13 times)
5,7-DHT (3 times)
GABA (3 times)
1979 Serotonergic mediation of reward within the medial raphe nucleus: some persistent problems in interpretation.
38  medical record
(41 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
CI (3 times)
FEP (3 times)
CSMF (2 times)
1985 A computerized summary medical record system can provide more information than the standard medical record.
39  multiple regression
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ANN (7 times)
BV (3 times)
ANNs (2 times)
1981 Separating age, cohort, and time of measurement: analysis of variance or multiple regression.
40  moderately resistant
(36 times)
Botany
(7 times)
HR (12 times)
FHB (8 times)
LR (8 times)
2001 Effects of resistance exercise on plasma, erythrocyte, and urine Zn.
41  mannose-resistant
(34 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
MS (21 times)
HA (6 times)
BSA (1 time)
1979 Hemagglutination patterns of enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli determined with human, bovine, chicken, and guinea pig erythrocytes in the presence and absence of mannose.
42  molecular remission
(33 times)
Hematology
(21 times)
CML (8 times)
APL (7 times)
CR (5 times)
1999 Detection of minimal residual disease in B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
43  mandelate racemase
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
ENS (3 times)
MLE (3 times)
GlucD (2 times)
1990 Restructuring catalysis in the mandelate pathway.
44  mixed response
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PR (13 times)
CR (12 times)
SD (9 times)
1990 Photodynamic therapy in the treatment of malignant tumours: an analysis of 540 cases.
45  meal replacement
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
BMI (5 times)
HP (5 times)
SP (3 times)
2002 Lipoprotein responses to weight loss and weight maintenance in high-risk obese subjects.
46  manifest refraction
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
UDVA (6 times)
SE (5 times)
AR (4 times)
2002 Comparison of a ray-tracing refractometer, autorefractor, and computerized videokeratography in measuring pseudophakic eyes.
47  maturation rate
(28 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
SR (4 times)
FM (3 times)
PM (3 times)
1998 Contralateral frequency-modulated tones suppress transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions in humans.
48  molar ratio
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
BSA (2 times)
DD (2 times)
FBHGP (2 times)
1991 [The effects of altered hepatic energy metabolism as reflected by the blood ketone body ratio on plasma aminogram after the abdominal surgery].
49  mother-reared
(28 times)
Brain
(6 times)
AR (13 times)
NR (6 times)
PR (5 times)
1983 Growth and development of rats artificially reared on a high or a low plane of nutrition.
50  mucosal recession
(28 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
BOP (17 times)
PD (15 times)
KM (6 times)
2008 The dimensions of keratinized mucosa around implants affect clinical and immunological parameters.
51  Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis
(28 times)
Dermatology
(15 times)
AP (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
1975 Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (lipoid dermato-arthritis). An erosive polyarthritis with distinctive clinical, roentgenographic and pathologic features.
52  medial rectus muscle
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
LR (6 times)
IR (4 times)
PD (4 times)
1998 [Magnetic resonance imaging of of the right extraocular muscle paths in healthy persons and in patients with high myopia].
53  multiple resonance
(26 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
TADF (9 times)
OLEDs (8 times)
EQE (7 times)
1979 Nosocomial multiply resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: epidemiology of an outbreak of apparent index case origin.
54  maintenance rituximab
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
PFS (13 times)
OS (11 times)
FL (8 times)
2006 Rituximab-CHOP versus CHOP alone or with maintenance rituximab in older patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
55  Maudsley reactive
(25 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
MNRA (7 times)
MNR (6 times)
SD (3 times)
1976 A reevaluation of the relation between estrogen and emotionality in female rats.
56  minor remission
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CR (8 times)
PR (7 times)
SR (7 times)
1980 Therapy for metastatic colorectal carcinoma with a combination of methyl-CCNU, 5-fluorouracil vincristine and streptozotocin (MOF-Strep).
57  moderate risk
(24 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HR (18 times)
LR (10 times)
APCS (5 times)
2002 Intra-abdominal thickness by ultrasonography to predict risk factors for cardiovascular disease and its correlation with anthropometric measurements.
58  myocardial revascularization
(24 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
CPB (6 times)
ECC (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
1992 [Surgical management of the aortic valve in patients older than 70 years of age].
59  mitral
(23 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
AR (16 times)
TR (14 times)
LV (4 times)
1982 Echocardiographic observations of hemodynamic differences between mitral and aortic regurgitation. Quantitative interpretation of functional state by multivariate statistical analysis.
60  multiresistant
(23 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
PFGE (3 times)
CF (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1982 The occurrence of Staphylococcus epidermidis in a department of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. A clinical and epidemiological investigation.
61  medium risk
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
HR (15 times)
ALL (12 times)
LR (8 times)
1987 [Corticosteroid-dependent reduction of leukocyte count in blood as a prognostic factor in acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood (therapy study ALL-BFM 83)].
62  measured resection
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
GB (16 times)
TKA (14 times)
WOMAC (4 times)
2014 Clinical alignment variations in total knee arthroplasty with different navigation methods.
63  myogenic response
(20 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
TGF (9 times)
RBF (6 times)
NO (3 times)
1975 Induction of a myogenic response in tonic airway smooth muscle by tetraethylammonium.
64  medication review
(19 times)
Pharmacy
(6 times)
DRPs (4 times)
GPs (3 times)
ADE (2 times)
2008 Using the costs of drug therapy to screen patients for a community pharmacy-based medication review program.
65  Metropolitan Region
(19 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
TB (2 times)
ARs (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1992 [Prevalence of bovine cysticercosis in the state of Sao Paulo (Brazil)].
66  muscle relaxants
(19 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
ACh (2 times)
CI (2 times)
NM (2 times)
1988 Potentiation of neuromuscular blocking agents by calcium channel blockers in rats.
67  macrolide-resistant
(18 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
MS (3 times)
GAS (2 times)
VNTR (2 times)
2011 Clinical efficacy of macrolide antibiotics against genetically determined macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in paediatric patients.
68  masking release
(18 times)
Audiology
(16 times)
NH (6 times)
HI (5 times)
SRTs (3 times)
2006 Speech perception in gated noise: the effects of temporal resolution.
69  medullary raphe
(18 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
RTN (4 times)
Tb (3 times)
InCO2 (2 times)
1989 The rabbit retina: a suitable mammalian tissue for obtaining astroglia-free Muller cell cultures.
70  microvascular resistance
(17 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
PCI (5 times)
FFR (4 times)
NBF (3 times)
1990 Adrenergic control of nerve blood flow.
71  multiradius
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
SR (14 times)
TKA (12 times)
KSS (4 times)
2006 Biomechanical differences exhibited during sit-to-stand between total knee arthroplasty designs of varying radii.
72  8-membered ring
(15 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DBF (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
SDAs (2 times)
2006 Ammonia IRMS-TPD study on the distribution of acid sites in mordenite.
73  maternally reared
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
AR (12 times)
ARA (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2000 Thymic stress in artificially reared and maternally reared rat pups.
74  mixing ratio
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LCI (4 times)
BI (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1985 Informative value of simple multibreath nitrogen washout measurements for clinical and research purposes.
75  morning report
(15 times)
Internal Medicine
(5 times)
IM (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
ACGME (1 time)
1997 Determinants of case selection at morning report.
76  membrane raft
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ASM (5 times)
CAECs (4 times)
ROS (2 times)
2007 Atorvastatin inhibits T cell activation through 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase without decreasing cholesterol synthesis.
77  metabolite-parent AUC ratio
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
P-gp (9 times)
AB (7 times)
RB (7 times)
2005 Effects of morin pretreatment on the pharmacokinetics of diltiazem and its major metabolite, desacetyldiltiazem in rats.
78  mid-regional
(14 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
proADM (4 times)
ADM (2 times)
ANP (2 times)
2008 Nuclear trafficking of the human cytomegalovirus pp71 (ppUL82) tegument protein.
79  middle region
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
DBD (8 times)
IAD (4 times)
IRF5 (4 times)
2003 The roles of auxin response factor domains in auxin-responsive transcription.
80  morphinone reductase
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
OYE (2 times)
PETN (2 times)
PETNR (2 times)
1998 Reductive and oxidative half-reactions of morphinone reductase from Pseudomonas putida M10: a kinetic and thermodynamic analysis.
81  magnetic resonance tomography
(12 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
ACVB (1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
1986 [Brain involvement in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance tomography (MR)].
82  mothers
(12 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
AR (9 times)
PND (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1986 A phenomenon: left-biassed asymmetrical eye-opening in artificially reared rat pups.
83  master regulator
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
TF (2 times)
CMap (1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
2015 Elucidation and Pharmacological Targeting of Novel Molecular Drivers of Follicular Lymphoma Progression.
84  mesenteric
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
HQR (11 times)
MAP (9 times)
NO (4 times)
1983 Neural contribution to renal hypertension following acute renal artery stenosis in conscious rats.
85  mitotic recombination
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
LOH (6 times)
ROS (2 times)
CGH (1 time)
1999 Interindividual variation in mitotic recombination.
86  moderate
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HR (3 times)
GPx (2 times)
ANOVAs (1 time)
1994 Alterations in fibrinolytic and protein C pathways in gynaecological surgery: low molecular weight heparin prophylaxis.
87  mouth rinse
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
PLAC (3 times)
CAF (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
2007 Influence of moderate dehydration on soccer performance: physiological responses to 45 min of outdoor match-play and the immediate subsequent performance of sport-specific and mental concentration tests.
88  main root
(10 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
RH (5 times)
FR (4 times)
BR (3 times)
2013 Natural variation of Arabidopsis root architecture reveals complementing adaptive strategies to potassium starvation.
89  mechanical restraint
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
OR (1 time)
2012 [Mechanical restraint: its use in intensive cares].
90  mechanoreceptor
(10 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
ARNA (8 times)
CR (7 times)
SP (3 times)
1985 Electrophysiology of afferent renal nerves.
91  metabolic response
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
OS (4 times)
mCRC (3 times)
PFS (3 times)
2006 Early response evaluation in malignant pleural mesothelioma by positron emission tomography with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose.
92  metronidazole resistance
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
MS (4 times)
CR (2 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
1997 Highly effective twice-daily triple therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection and peptic ulcer disease: does in vitro metronidazole resistance have any clinical relevance?
93  minimum requirement
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SQ (3 times)
NRC (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2012 A tri-reference point theory of decision making under risk.
94  minor
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PR (8 times)
SD (3 times)
BM LPC (2 times)
1987 Intra-arterial cisplatin and FUDR in advanced malignancies confined to the head and neck.
95  moderate-release
(10 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
SR (7 times)
IVUS (4 times)
BMS (3 times)
2003 Randomized study to assess the effectiveness of slow- and moderate-release polymer-based paclitaxel-eluting stents for coronary artery lesions.
96  morbid risk
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ADHD (2 times)
BP-I (2 times)
AO (1 time)
1989 Family history study of major psychiatric disorders and syndromes.
97  mortality rate ratio
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
DTP (3 times)
CI (2 times)
MV (2 times)
1995 Lower mortality for female-female twins than male-male and male-female twins in rural Senegal.
98  mortality risk
(10 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
TC (2 times)
2005 Undercoding of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias in hospitalized elderly patients in Italy.
99  multi-resonance
(10 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
TADF (6 times)
OLED (4 times)
OLEDs (3 times)
2020 A Deep Blue B,N-Doped Heptacene Emitter That Shows Both Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence and Delayed Fluorescence by Triplet-Triplet Annihilation.
100  multiple valve replacements
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
AVR (8 times)
MVR (8 times)
BP (1 time)
1981 Cardiac valve replacement in the elderly: a review of 320 consecutive cases.