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Abbreviation: MS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
multiple sclerosis
(39581 times)
Neurology
(18150 times)
EAE (3376 times)
CNS (3338 times)
EDSS (2274 times)
1967 [Sciatica and multiple sclerosis (MS)].
mass spectrometry
(12885 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3911 times)
LC (850 times)
NMR (672 times)
GC (649 times)
1973 Identification of a catechol glucuronide metabolite of 5,5-diphenylhydantoin (DPH) in rat bile by gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS).
metabolic syndrome
(4880 times)
Medicine
(705 times)
BMI (609 times)
IR (281 times)
IDF (270 times)
1998 [The metabolic syndrome, its heredity, methods of detection and clinical significance].
mitral stenosis
(817 times)
Cardiology
(494 times)
MR (147 times)
MVA (147 times)
AF (112 times)
1975 [Hemodynamics, left ventricular volumes and compliance in 167 patients with congenital and acquired heart disease (author's transl)].
Murashige and Skoog
(705 times)
Botany
(186 times)
NAA (176 times)
BA (142 times)
IBA (107 times)
1976 Nitrogen metabolism in soybean tissue culture: I. Assimilation of urea.
maternal separation
(521 times)
Neurology
(180 times)
PND (82 times)
ELS (54 times)
PFC (30 times)
1993 Early, postnatal experience alters hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA, median eminence CRF content and stress-induced release in adult rats.
mutans streptococci
(412 times)
Dentistry
(349 times)
LB (73 times)
ECC (29 times)
CHX (25 times)
1987 Intergeneric bacterial coaggregations involving mutans streptococci and oral actinomyces.
mechanosensitive
(321 times)
Ophthalmology
(100 times)
MD (51 times)
VF (24 times)
SAP (22 times)
1989 [Evaluation of static quantitative automated perimetry in the early diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma].
microspheres
(285 times)
Pharmacology
(94 times)
PLGA (54 times)
SEM (12 times)
PLA (8 times)
1977 Distribution homogeneity of microspheres (MS) in normal and hypothermic perfused kidneys of dogs.
10  medial septum
(282 times)
Neurology
(126 times)
ChAT (35 times)
vDB (21 times)
NBM (18 times)
1977 The role of the septal nuclei in the release of acetyl-choline from the rabbit cerebral cortex and dorsal hippocampus and the effect of atropine.
11  Myeloid sarcoma
(240 times)
Neoplasms
(62 times)
AML (109 times)
MDS (15 times)
OS (14 times)
2003 Myeloid sarcoma of both kidneys, the brain, and multiple bones in a nonleukemic child.
12  MS/MS
(184 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(92 times)
LC (25 times)
CID (14 times)
ESI (12 times)
1996 Mass spectrometry, high performance liquid chromatography, and brain peptides.
13  microsatellite
(167 times)
Genetics
(29 times)
MSI (18 times)
SNP (13 times)
SNPs (13 times)
1994 A microsatellite linkage map of the porcine genome.
14  median survival
(166 times)
Neoplasms
(103 times)
NSCLC (21 times)
RT (20 times)
OS (19 times)
1976 Enhancement of the antitumor effect of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-l-nitrosourea (BCNU) by phenylethylbiguanide (phenformin).
15  methionine synthase
(157 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
MTHFR (60 times)
CBS (31 times)
Hcy (16 times)
1977 Cobalamin dependent methionine synthesis and methyl-folate-trap in human vitamin B12 deficiency.
16  Mycoplasma synoviae
(144 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(116 times)
MG (53 times)
IBV (19 times)
HI (18 times)
1974 Infectious bronchitis and mixed infections of Mycoplasma synoviae and Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chickens. I. Synergistic role in the airsacculitis syndrome.
17  motion sickness
(108 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(31 times)
SSQ (5 times)
EGG (4 times)
HRV (4 times)
1983 Physiological and psychological correlates of motion sickness.
18  Member States
(106 times)
Public Health
(16 times)
EU (46 times)
EC (5 times)
TPD (5 times)
1998 Radiation protection legislation.
19  morphine sulfate
(104 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
PCA (6 times)
DM (4 times)
ED (4 times)
1975 Effects of morphine on coronary and left ventricular dynamics in conscious dogs.
20  mesoporous silica
(101 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
DOX (7 times)
NIR (5 times)
PEG (5 times)
2009 Mesoporous silica nanolayers infiltrated with hole-transporting molecules for hybrid organic light-emitting devices.
21  medical students
(98 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
NS (5 times)
DS (3 times)
IM (3 times)
1982 The orthogonal Frank electrocardiogram in 70 well-trained athletes.
22  chromatography-mass spectrometry
(96 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(22 times)
AUC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
AHLs (2 times)
1989 A novel method for the analysis of platelet-activating factor: direct derivatization of glycerophospholipids.
23  maxillary sinus
(89 times)
Otolaryngology
(26 times)
CBCT (20 times)
CT (7 times)
NC (7 times)
1998 Relatively high F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in paranasal sinus aspergillosis: a PET study.
24  muscle strength
(87 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
BMI (12 times)
ME (6 times)
MM (6 times)
1988 Physical fitness and other individual factors relating to the shiftwork tolerance of women.
25  musculoskeletal
(79 times)
Occupational Medicine
(12 times)
FE (8 times)
US (7 times)
CI (4 times)
1983 Posttraumatic sports-related musculoskeletal abnormalities: prevalence in a normal population.
26  Marfan syndrome
(76 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
FBN1 (7 times)
EDS (5 times)
DT (3 times)
1988 Surgical management of children and young adults with Marfan syndrome and pectus excavatum.
27  maternal serum
(73 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
AF (34 times)
AFP (14 times)
CS (12 times)
1976 Maternal serum and amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein as a marker of acute fetal distress in a midtrimester abortion model.
28  Mirizzi syndrome
(71 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
ERCP (12 times)
CBD (8 times)
LC (7 times)
1997 Mirizzi's syndrome. Diagnostic and therapeutic controversies in the laparoscopic era.
29  mortality salience
(71 times)
Psychology
(48 times)
TMT (13 times)
ERPs (2 times)
NA (2 times)
1997 Terror management theory and self-esteem: evidence that increased self-esteem reduces mortality salience effects.
30  malate synthase
(70 times)
Molecular Biology
(17 times)
ICL (41 times)
CAT (6 times)
Mtb (4 times)
1978 Isolation and biochemical properties of two types of microbody from Neurospora crassa cells.
31  marbling score
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(26 times)
EMA (21 times)
BFT (19 times)
CWT (15 times)
1992 Two-, three-, and four-breed rotational crossbreeding of beef cattle: carcass traits.
32  magnetic stimulation
(65 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
ES (9 times)
TMS (5 times)
RCTs (4 times)
1991 Attenuation in detection of somatosensory stimuli by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
33  mainstream
(61 times)
Toxicology
(26 times)
SS (40 times)
AA (2 times)
AHH (2 times)
1985 Simultaneous mainstream-sidestream smoke exposure systems II. The rat exposure system.
34  Meishan
(58 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
LW (31 times)
WC (14 times)
QTL (8 times)
1988 Conceptus development in large white and prolific Chinese Meishan pigs.
35  Moebius syndrome
(57 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
BFMDRS (4 times)
DBS (4 times)
GPi (4 times)
1984 Prenatal diagnosis of Meckel syndrome: case reports and literature review.
36  median sternotomy
(56 times)
General Surgery
(30 times)
VATS (11 times)
MIS (8 times)
CPB (5 times)
1996 Bilateral lung volume reduction surgery for advanced emphysema. A comparison of median sternotomy and thoracoscopic approaches.
37  mechanical stress
(55 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
PDL (5 times)
ERK (4 times)
MAPK (4 times)
1993 In vivo confocal microscopic studies of endothelial wound healing in rabbit cornea.
38  mild steel
(54 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(10 times)
SS (19 times)
EIS (8 times)
MMA (6 times)
1978 Mutagenicity of fume particles from metal arc welding on stainless steel in the Salmonella/microsome test.
39  methyl salicylate
(50 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
DNCB (6 times)
ESIPT (6 times)
LLNA (5 times)
1981 Studies on erythrocyte membrane. V. Haemolytic effect of methylsalicylate and its possible mechanism.
40  mass
(49 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
NMR (12 times)
IR (7 times)
UV (6 times)
1992 Penta-acetyl geniposide: isolation, identification and primary effect on C6 glioma cells in vitro.
41  multispectral
(49 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
PAN (19 times)
HR (7 times)
KM (6 times)
1998 Determination of focal ischemic lesion volume in the rat brain using multispectral analysis.
42  mood stabilizer
(48 times)
Psychiatry
(25 times)
AD (14 times)
BD (8 times)
AAP (7 times)
2002 Previous mood state predicts response and switch rates in patients with bipolar depression.
43  Murashige and Skoog medium
(47 times)
Botany
(16 times)
NAA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
BAP (6 times)
1982 In vitro plant regeneration in lateral bud explants of Cryptanthus bromelioides Var. Tricolor M. B. Foster.
44  mental stress
(46 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
HR (10 times)
MSNA (9 times)
BP (7 times)
1990 [Cardiovascular response to sympathetic stimulation in normal subjects with or without familial hypertension].
45  multistate
(45 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
SS (8 times)
MRI (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1986 Intradermal testing with multiple recall antigens for identification of cell-mediated immune deficiency in homosexual men.
46  mannose-sensitive
(44 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
MR (20 times)
HA (4 times)
GMS (2 times)
1979 Hemagglutination patterns of enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli determined with human, bovine, chicken, and guinea pig erythrocytes in the presence and absence of mannose.
47  molecular sieves
(42 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
SEC-PAGE (3 times)
DOM (2 times)
EM (2 times)
1985 Technical and clinical assessment of oxygen concentrators.
48  mainstream smoke
(41 times)
Toxicology
(29 times)
SS (10 times)
ETS (8 times)
TPM (4 times)
1987 A critical look at N-nitrosamines in environmental tobacco smoke.
49  multiply spliced
(41 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ss (10 times)
US (9 times)
AL (2 times)
1974 Attitudinal maintenance of cognitive categorization.
50  M. synoviae
(38 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
MG (34 times)
MM (9 times)
HI (8 times)
1976 Use of the agar-gel precipitin test to evaluate broiler breeder and commercial layer flocks for Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection.
51  Mississippi
(38 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
LC-MS-MS (5 times)
AL (2 times)
AMP (2 times)
1990 VARIATION IN OVIPOSITION PREFERENCE OF HELIOTHIS VIRESCENS IN RELATION TO MACROEVOLUTIONARY PATTERNS OF HELIOTHINE HOST RANGE.
52  molar substitution
(38 times)
Polysaccharides
(11 times)
HES (7 times)
Mw (7 times)
DS (4 times)
1983 Chemical characterization of the persistent fraction of hydroxyethyl starch in rat serum and spleen.
53  maize silage
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
DM (14 times)
GS (14 times)
CP (4 times)
2008 Intercropped oats (Avena sativa) - common vetch (Vicia sativa) silage in the dry season for small-scale dairy systems in the highlands of central Mexico.
54  microsurgery
(35 times)
Neurosurgery
(22 times)
VS (13 times)
SRS (12 times)
EVT (5 times)
2004 Injury of the lacrimal component of the nervus intermedius function after radiosurgery versus microsurgery.
55  maximum slope
(33 times)
Radiology
(17 times)
AUC (5 times)
DCE-MRI (5 times)
TTE (5 times)
2000 Gastric emptying of solids: estimates of lag phase and constant emptying times.
56  microsclerotia
(33 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
DE (2 times)
HOG (2 times)
Mc (2 times)
1997 Effects of Soil Water Content and Soil Temperature on Efficacy of Metham-Sodium Against Verticillium dahliae.
57  metallic stents
(32 times)
Gastroenterology
(13 times)
PS (7 times)
CMS (3 times)
MBO (3 times)
1996 [Balloon angioplasty and metallic stent].
58  mass spectrometric detection
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
GC (13 times)
HPLC (6 times)
SPE (4 times)
1988 Ambient monitoring of cyclophosphamide in manufacture and hospitals.
59  multiple scattering
(31 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
XANES (5 times)
XAFS (4 times)
XAS (4 times)
1994 Intermediate states in ligand photodissociation of carboxymyoglobin studies by dispersive X-ray absorption.
60  muscle soreness
(31 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
CK (14 times)
EE (4 times)
MVC (4 times)
1989 Serum creatine kinase activity after isometric exercise in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
61  multisystem
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
LCH (25 times)
SS (11 times)
SS-m (5 times)
2004 Permanent consequences in Langerhans cell histiocytosis patients: a pilot study from the Histiocyte Society-Late Effects Study Group.
62  magnesium sulfate
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SMV (4 times)
AC (2 times)
CFV (2 times)
1994 Parenteral magnesium sulphate restores regional contractile function in the post-ischaemic canine myocardium.
63  meal size
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
IMI (23 times)
CCK (7 times)
BN (4 times)
1978 Effect of cholecystokinin on meal size and intermeal interval in the sham-feeding rat.
64  metal-semiconductor
(29 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
LPE (5 times)
MIS (5 times)
LPV (4 times)
2005 Chemicophysical surface treatment and the experimental demonstration of Schottky-Mott rules for metal/semiconductor heterostructure interfaces.
65  ionization-mass spectrometry
(28 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
LC (4 times)
CE (3 times)
GC (3 times)
1997 Identification, quantification, and relative concentrations of carotenoids and their metabolites in human milk and serum.
66  morning stiffness
(28 times)
Rheumatology
(19 times)
RA (13 times)
ESR (7 times)
CRP (6 times)
1981 The assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis using a multivariate analysis.
67  Mato Grosso do Sul
(27 times)
Parasitology
(10 times)
VL (5 times)
RS (3 times)
HB (2 times)
2003 Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B virus infection among an Afro-descendant community in Brazil.
68  medial septal nucleus
(26 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ChAT (7 times)
vDB (5 times)
AChE (4 times)
1984 Cholinergic and non-cholinergic septo-hippocampal projections: a double-label horseradish peroxidase-acetylcholinesterase study in the rabbit.
69  macular sensitivity
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
BCVA (12 times)
SD-OCT (5 times)
FS (4 times)
2002 [Correlation between blue chromatic macular sensitivity and optic disc change in early glaucoma patients].
70  mechanical stimulation
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ES (3 times)
PD (3 times)
DRG (2 times)
1980 Electrical activity of isolated semicircular canal in the frog. Action of streptomycin.
71  Melanotic schwannoma
(25 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
MRI (3 times)
CNC (2 times)
PMS (2 times)
1994 Melanocytic schwannoma: the cytologic aspect in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC): report of a case located in the spinal cord.
72  Microsoft
(25 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
TPS (2 times)
AIB (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1998 Butterworth equations for homomorphic filtering of images.
73  middle school
(25 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
HS (20 times)
ES (4 times)
COL (3 times)
1999 Dental caries and fluorosis among children in a rural Georgia area.
74  male sterility
(24 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
CMS (6 times)
DEGs (4 times)
GO (3 times)
1992 One-step generation of cytoplasmic male sterility by fusion of mitochondrial-inactivated tomato protoplasts with nuclear-inactivated Solanum protoplasts.
75  mass screening
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
NB (5 times)
PCa (3 times)
DRE (2 times)
1990 Problems of mass screening for neuroblastoma: analysis of false-negative cases.
76  melamine sponge
(24 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
PDA (4 times)
GO (3 times)
rGO (3 times)
2016 Preparation of melamine sponge decorated with silver nanoparticles-modified graphene for water disinfection.
77  modified starch
(24 times)
Food
(5 times)
GA (4 times)
MP (3 times)
KG (2 times)
1994 High plasma levels of endothelin-1 and atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
78  metabolic scope
(23 times)
Biology
(6 times)
EPOC (3 times)
MMR (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2002 Concurrent validity of a weight-bearing activity questionnaire in prepubertal and pubertal girls and boys.
79  metam sodium
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MITC (6 times)
MB (3 times)
AD (1 time)
1998 Evaluation of Application Methods of Metam Sodium for Management of Fusarium Crown and Root Rot in Tomato in Southwest Florida.
80  mitral valve stenosis
(23 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
MVA (6 times)
MR (4 times)
PTMC (3 times)
1986 [Determination of stenotic mitral valve area using Doppler echocardiography. A comparison with hemodynamic studies].
81  methylation-specific
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
MLPA (7 times)
BWS (3 times)
BC (2 times)
2005 Methylation status analysis of cell cycle regulatory genes (p16INK4A, p15INK4B, p21Waf1/Cip1, p27Kip1 and p73) in natural killer cell disorders.
82  magnetic susceptibility
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
AMS (2 times)
CLP (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
2009 Magnetic susceptibility as an indicator of heavy metal contamination in compost.
83  median slope
(21 times)
Emergency Medicine
(8 times)
AMSA (6 times)
VF (5 times)
ECG (3 times)
1997 Effect of surgery on visual field progression in normal-tension glaucoma.
84  membranous septum
(21 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
TAVR (12 times)
TAVI (7 times)
PPM (6 times)
2015 Inverse Relationship Between Membranous Septal Length and the Risk of Atrioventricular Block in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.
85  monascin
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
AK (10 times)
PPAR (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2011 Synchronous high-performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector and mass spectrometry for the determination of citrinin, monascin, ankaflavin, and the lactone and acid forms of monacolin K in red mold rice.
86  morning surge
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(18 times)
BP (19 times)
SBP (5 times)
HR (3 times)
2003 Morning surge in blood pressure as a predictor of silent and clinical cerebrovascular disease in elderly hypertensives: a prospective study.
87  masseter
(20 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
LT (4 times)
MyHC (4 times)
DP (3 times)
1995 Influence of stress and occlusal interference on the EMG activity of some masticatory muscles during a single mastication cycle.
88  Maxwell-Stefan
(20 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MD (7 times)
DLS (2 times)
MOFs (2 times)
2003 Modeling of the co-transport of cryoprotective agents in a porous medium as a model tissue.
89  medium spiny
(19 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FS (7 times)
NAc (3 times)
NAcb (3 times)
1998 Up and down states in striatal medium spiny neurons simultaneously recorded with spontaneous activity in fast-spiking interneurons studied in cortex-striatum-substantia nigra organotypic cultures.
90  ministernotomy
(19 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
AVR (9 times)
FS (8 times)
CPB (3 times)
2003 Conversion from ministernotomy to full sternotomy in aortic valve replacement.
91  Mossbauer spectroscopy
(19 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
XRD (8 times)
TEM (6 times)
SEM (5 times)
1999 Magnetic properties of human liver and brain ferritin.
92  Mott-Schottky
(19 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
EIS (6 times)
PEC (4 times)
FTO (3 times)
2015 Highly Robust Hybrid Photocatalyst for Carbon Dioxide Reduction: Tuning and Optimization of Catalytic Activities of Dye/TiO2/Re(I) Organic-Inorganic Ternary Systems.
93  meiotic spindle
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
ZP (9 times)
ICSI (3 times)
MI (3 times)
2009 Analysis of spindle characteristics and embryo quality in mice stimulated with letrozole using Polscope imaging.
94  methicillin-susceptible
(18 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
MR (18 times)
CoNS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1981 Altered penicillin-binding proteins in methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
95  muscle stimulation
(18 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
ROS (3 times)
IMP (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1987 Effects of intermittent electrical stimulations on muscle catabolism in intensive care patients.
96  machined surface
(17 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
BIC (5 times)
HA (4 times)
LS (4 times)
2001 A multi-center study comparing dual acid-etched and machined-surfaced implants in various bone qualities.
97  metoprolol succinate
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EC (5 times)
HPMC (4 times)
SR (3 times)
2000 Hemodynamic comparison of twice daily metoprolol tartrate with once daily metoprolol succinate in congestive heart failure.
98  myoclonic seizures
(17 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
GTCS (9 times)
JME (6 times)
AS (4 times)
1994 Video-polygraphic analysis of myoclonic seizures in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.
99  Master of Science
(16 times)
Education
(6 times)
BS (3 times)
MPH (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1998 Graduate management education for nurses: a comparative study.
100  moderate sedation
(16 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GA (9 times)
EBUS-TBNA (4 times)
CBA (2 times)
2005 Painful procedures in children with cancer: comparison of moderate sedation and general anesthesia for lumbar puncture and bone marrow aspiration.