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Abbreviation: MS
Appearance Frequency: 64480 time(s)
Long forms: 1955

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
multiple sclerosis
(36936 times)
Neurology
(17437 times)
EAE (3189 times)
CNS (3080 times)
EDSS (2106 times)
1967 [Sciatica and multiple sclerosis (MS)].
mass spectrometry
(11929 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3691 times)
LC (812 times)
GC (624 times)
ESI (617 times)
1973 Identification of a catechol glucuronide metabolite of 5,5-diphenylhydantoin (DPH) in rat bile by gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS).
metabolic syndrome
(4652 times)
Medicine
(680 times)
BMI (580 times)
IDF (263 times)
IR (263 times)
1998 [The metabolic syndrome, its heredity, methods of detection and clinical significance].
mitral stenosis
(779 times)
Cardiology
(469 times)
MVA (142 times)
MR (134 times)
AF (103 times)
1975 [Hemodynamics, left ventricular volumes and compliance in 167 patients with congenital and acquired heart disease (author's transl)].
Murashige and Skoog
(670 times)
Botany
(185 times)
NAA (166 times)
BA (138 times)
IBA (103 times)
1976 Nitrogen metabolism in soybean tissue culture: I. Assimilation of urea.
maternal separation
(480 times)
Neurology
(168 times)
PND (73 times)
ELS (45 times)
PFC (29 times)
1993 Early, postnatal experience alters hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA, median eminence CRF content and stress-induced release in adult rats.
mutans streptococci
(406 times)
Dentistry
(347 times)
LB (72 times)
ECC (28 times)
CHX (24 times)
1987 Intergeneric bacterial coaggregations involving mutans streptococci and oral actinomyces.
microspheres
(271 times)
Pharmacology
(90 times)
PLGA (51 times)
SEM (12 times)
PLA (8 times)
1977 Distribution homogeneity of microspheres (MS) in normal and hypothermic perfused kidneys of dogs.
medial septum
(268 times)
Neurology
(122 times)
ChAT (35 times)
vDB (21 times)
NBM (18 times)
1977 The role of the septal nuclei in the release of acetyl-choline from the rabbit cerebral cortex and dorsal hippocampus and the effect of atropine.
10  Myeloid sarcoma
(209 times)
Neoplasms
(56 times)
AML (92 times)
OS (12 times)
CR (11 times)
2003 Myeloid sarcoma of both kidneys, the brain, and multiple bones in a nonleukemic child.
11  MS/MS
(173 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(89 times)
LC (24 times)
CID (13 times)
ESI (12 times)
1996 Mass spectrometry, high performance liquid chromatography, and brain peptides.
12  mechanosensitive
(167 times)
Biochemistry
(37 times)
MscL (12 times)
MscS (11 times)
MSL (6 times)
1991 Mechanosensitive ion channels as reporters of bilayer expansion. A theoretical model.
13  median survival
(160 times)
Neoplasms
(99 times)
NSCLC (21 times)
RT (20 times)
OS (19 times)
1976 Enhancement of the antitumor effect of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-l-nitrosourea (BCNU) by phenylethylbiguanide (phenformin).
14  microsatellite
(159 times)
Genetics
(29 times)
MSI (15 times)
SNP (13 times)
SNPs (13 times)
1994 A microsatellite linkage map of the porcine genome.
15  methionine synthase
(154 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
MTHFR (59 times)
CBS (31 times)
Hcy (16 times)
1977 Cobalamin dependent methionine synthesis and methyl-folate-trap in human vitamin B12 deficiency.
16  mean sensitivity
(139 times)
Ophthalmology
(97 times)
MD (45 times)
VF (23 times)
SAP (21 times)
1989 [Evaluation of static quantitative automated perimetry in the early diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma].
17  Mycoplasma synoviae
(135 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(111 times)
MG (48 times)
HI (18 times)
IBV (17 times)
1974 Infectious bronchitis and mixed infections of Mycoplasma synoviae and Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chickens. I. Synergistic role in the airsacculitis syndrome.
18  morphine sulfate
(104 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
PCA (6 times)
DM (4 times)
ED (4 times)
1975 Effects of morphine on coronary and left ventricular dynamics in conscious dogs.
19  Member States
(99 times)
Food Safety
(16 times)
EU (44 times)
TPD (5 times)
ASF (4 times)
1998 Radiation protection legislation.
20  motion sickness
(99 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(31 times)
SSQ (5 times)
EGG (4 times)
HRV (4 times)
1983 Physiological and psychological correlates of motion sickness.
21  mesoporous silica
(90 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
DOX (7 times)
DSC (4 times)
GO (4 times)
2009 Mesoporous silica nanolayers infiltrated with hole-transporting molecules for hybrid organic light-emitting devices.
22  medical students
(87 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
NS (4 times)
DS (3 times)
IM (3 times)
1982 The orthogonal Frank electrocardiogram in 70 well-trained athletes.
23  chromatography-mass spectrometry
(84 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
LC (3 times)
AHLs (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
1989 A novel method for the analysis of platelet-activating factor: direct derivatization of glycerophospholipids.
24  maxillary sinus
(79 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
CBCT (18 times)
CT (6 times)
IT (6 times)
1998 Relatively high F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in paranasal sinus aspergillosis: a PET study.
25  muscle strength
(78 times)
Sports Medicine
(13 times)
BMI (9 times)
ME (6 times)
MM (5 times)
1988 Physical fitness and other individual factors relating to the shiftwork tolerance of women.
26  maternal serum
(73 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
AF (34 times)
AFP (14 times)
CS (12 times)
1976 Maternal serum and amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein as a marker of acute fetal distress in a midtrimester abortion model.
27  musculoskeletal
(73 times)
Occupational Medicine
(11 times)
FE (7 times)
US (7 times)
CI (3 times)
1983 Posttraumatic sports-related musculoskeletal abnormalities: prevalence in a normal population.
28  Marfan syndrome
(71 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
FBN1 (7 times)
EDS (4 times)
DT (3 times)
1988 Surgical management of children and young adults with Marfan syndrome and pectus excavatum.
29  malate synthase
(70 times)
Molecular Biology
(17 times)
ICL (41 times)
CAT (6 times)
Mtb (4 times)
1978 Isolation and biochemical properties of two types of microbody from Neurospora crassa cells.
30  Mirizzi syndrome
(65 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
ERCP (10 times)
CBD (7 times)
LC (7 times)
1997 Mirizzi's syndrome. Diagnostic and therapeutic controversies in the laparoscopic era.
31  magnetic stimulation
(63 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
ES (9 times)
TMS (5 times)
CMAP (3 times)
1991 Attenuation in detection of somatosensory stimuli by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
32  marbling score
(62 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
EMA (19 times)
BFT (16 times)
CWT (14 times)
1992 Two-, three-, and four-breed rotational crossbreeding of beef cattle: carcass traits.
33  mortality salience
(62 times)
Psychology
(46 times)
TMT (12 times)
ERPs (2 times)
NA (2 times)
1997 Terror management theory and self-esteem: evidence that increased self-esteem reduces mortality salience effects.
34  mainstream
(59 times)
Toxicology
(25 times)
SS (40 times)
AA (2 times)
AHH (2 times)
1985 Simultaneous mainstream-sidestream smoke exposure systems II. The rat exposure system.
35  Meishan
(58 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
LW (31 times)
WC (14 times)
QTL (8 times)
1988 Conceptus development in large white and prolific Chinese Meishan pigs.
36  Moebius syndrome
(54 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
BFMDRS (4 times)
DBS (4 times)
GPi (4 times)
1984 Prenatal diagnosis of Meckel syndrome: case reports and literature review.
37  median sternotomy
(50 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
VATS (11 times)
MIS (7 times)
LVRS (5 times)
1996 Bilateral lung volume reduction surgery for advanced emphysema. A comparison of median sternotomy and thoracoscopic approaches.
38  methyl salicylate
(48 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
DNCB (6 times)
ESIPT (6 times)
LLNA (5 times)
1981 Studies on erythrocyte membrane. V. Haemolytic effect of methylsalicylate and its possible mechanism.
39  mechanical stress
(47 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
PDL (5 times)
ERK (4 times)
MAPK (4 times)
1993 In vivo confocal microscopic studies of endothelial wound healing in rabbit cornea.
40  mass
(46 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
NMR (11 times)
IR (7 times)
UV (5 times)
1992 Penta-acetyl geniposide: isolation, identification and primary effect on C6 glioma cells in vitro.
41  mannose-sensitive
(44 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
MR (20 times)
HA (4 times)
GMS (2 times)
1979 Hemagglutination patterns of enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli determined with human, bovine, chicken, and guinea pig erythrocytes in the presence and absence of mannose.
42  mood stabilizer
(44 times)
Psychiatry
(24 times)
AD (12 times)
AAP (7 times)
BD (6 times)
2002 Previous mood state predicts response and switch rates in patients with bipolar depression.
43  mild steel
(43 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
SS (18 times)
MMA (6 times)
AFM (3 times)
1978 Mutagenicity of fume particles from metal arc welding on stainless steel in the Salmonella/microsome test.
44  multistate
(43 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
SS (8 times)
IA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1986 Intradermal testing with multiple recall antigens for identification of cell-mediated immune deficiency in homosexual men.
45  Murashige and Skoog medium
(43 times)
Botany
(15 times)
BA (5 times)
NAA (5 times)
BAP (4 times)
1982 In vitro plant regeneration in lateral bud explants of Cryptanthus bromelioides Var. Tricolor M. B. Foster.
46  mental stress
(42 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
HR (10 times)
MSNA (9 times)
BP (6 times)
1990 [Cardiovascular response to sympathetic stimulation in normal subjects with or without familial hypertension].
47  multispectral
(41 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
PAN (15 times)
HR (7 times)
KM (6 times)
1998 Determination of focal ischemic lesion volume in the rat brain using multispectral analysis.
48  mainstream smoke
(40 times)
Toxicology
(29 times)
SS (9 times)
ETS (8 times)
TPM (4 times)
1987 A critical look at N-nitrosamines in environmental tobacco smoke.
49  M. synoviae
(38 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
MG (34 times)
MM (9 times)
HI (8 times)
1976 Use of the agar-gel precipitin test to evaluate broiler breeder and commercial layer flocks for Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection.
50  multiply spliced
(38 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ss (9 times)
US (8 times)
AL (2 times)
1974 Attitudinal maintenance of cognitive categorization.
51  Mississippi
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
LC-MS-MS (5 times)
AL (2 times)
AMP (2 times)
1990 VARIATION IN OVIPOSITION PREFERENCE OF HELIOTHIS VIRESCENS IN RELATION TO MACROEVOLUTIONARY PATTERNS OF HELIOTHINE HOST RANGE.
52  molar substitution
(35 times)
Carbohydrates
(11 times)
HES (7 times)
Mw (7 times)
DS (4 times)
1983 Chemical characterization of the persistent fraction of hydroxyethyl starch in rat serum and spleen.
53  molecular size
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SEC-PAGE (3 times)
DOM (2 times)
EM (2 times)
1985 Technical and clinical assessment of oxygen concentrators.
54  maize silage
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
DM (13 times)
GS (12 times)
CP (4 times)
2008 Intercropped oats (Avena sativa) - common vetch (Vicia sativa) silage in the dry season for small-scale dairy systems in the highlands of central Mexico.
55  mass spectrometric detection
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
GC (13 times)
HPLC (6 times)
SPE (4 times)
1988 Ambient monitoring of cyclophosphamide in manufacture and hospitals.
56  microsurgery
(31 times)
Neurosurgery
(19 times)
VS (12 times)
SRS (11 times)
HB (4 times)
2004 Injury of the lacrimal component of the nervus intermedius function after radiosurgery versus microsurgery.
57  maximum slope
(30 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
AUC (5 times)
DCE-MRI (5 times)
DCE (4 times)
2000 Gastric emptying of solids: estimates of lag phase and constant emptying times.
58  muscle soreness
(30 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
CK (13 times)
EE (4 times)
MVC (4 times)
1989 Serum creatine kinase activity after isometric exercise in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
59  multiple scattering
(29 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
XANES (5 times)
XAFS (4 times)
XAS (4 times)
1994 Intermediate states in ligand photodissociation of carboxymyoglobin studies by dispersive X-ray absorption.
60  ionization-mass spectrometry
(28 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
LC (4 times)
CE (3 times)
GC (3 times)
1997 Identification, quantification, and relative concentrations of carotenoids and their metabolites in human milk and serum.
61  meal size
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
IMI (23 times)
CCK (7 times)
BN (4 times)
1978 Effect of cholecystokinin on meal size and intermeal interval in the sham-feeding rat.
62  microsclerotia
(28 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
DE (2 times)
HOG (2 times)
Mc (2 times)
1997 Effects of Soil Water Content and Soil Temperature on Efficacy of Metham-Sodium Against Verticillium dahliae.
63  multisystem
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
LCH (23 times)
SS (11 times)
SS-m (5 times)
2004 Permanent consequences in Langerhans cell histiocytosis patients: a pilot study from the Histiocyte Society-Late Effects Study Group.
64  magnesium sulfate
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SMV (4 times)
AC (2 times)
CFV (2 times)
1994 Parenteral magnesium sulphate restores regional contractile function in the post-ischaemic canine myocardium.
65  Mato Grosso do Sul
(27 times)
Parasitology
(10 times)
VL (5 times)
RS (3 times)
HB (2 times)
2003 Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B virus infection among an Afro-descendant community in Brazil.
66  metal-semiconductor
(26 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
LPE (5 times)
MIS (5 times)
LPV (4 times)
2005 Chemicophysical surface treatment and the experimental demonstration of Schottky-Mott rules for metal/semiconductor heterostructure interfaces.
67  morning stiffness
(26 times)
Rheumatology
(18 times)
RA (14 times)
ESR (7 times)
CRP (6 times)
1981 The assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis using a multivariate analysis.
68  macular sensitivity
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
BCVA (12 times)
SD-OCT (5 times)
FS (4 times)
2002 [Correlation between blue chromatic macular sensitivity and optic disc change in early glaucoma patients].
69  mechanical stimulation
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ES (3 times)
PD (3 times)
DRG (2 times)
1980 Electrical activity of isolated semicircular canal in the frog. Action of streptomycin.
70  medial septal nucleus
(25 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ChAT (6 times)
AChE (4 times)
BF (4 times)
1984 Cholinergic and non-cholinergic septo-hippocampal projections: a double-label horseradish peroxidase-acetylcholinesterase study in the rabbit.
71  Melanotic schwannoma
(25 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
MRI (3 times)
CNC (2 times)
PMS (2 times)
1994 Melanocytic schwannoma: the cytologic aspect in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC): report of a case located in the spinal cord.
72  mass screening
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
NB (5 times)
PCa (3 times)
DRE (2 times)
1990 Problems of mass screening for neuroblastoma: analysis of false-negative cases.
73  male sterile
(23 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
MF (5 times)
LD (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
1975 [Applied genetic studies on cytoplasmic pollen sterility in winter rye].
74  metam sodium
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MITC (6 times)
MB (3 times)
AD (1 time)
1998 Evaluation of Application Methods of Metam Sodium for Management of Fusarium Crown and Root Rot in Tomato in Southwest Florida.
75  modified starch
(23 times)
Food
(5 times)
GA (4 times)
MP (3 times)
KG (2 times)
1994 High plasma levels of endothelin-1 and atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
76  Microsoft
(22 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
TPS (2 times)
AIB (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1998 Butterworth equations for homomorphic filtering of images.
77  mitral valve stenosis
(22 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
MVA (6 times)
MR (4 times)
PTMC (3 times)
1986 [Determination of stenotic mitral valve area using Doppler echocardiography. A comparison with hemodynamic studies].
78  metabolic scope
(21 times)
Biology
(6 times)
EPOC (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
DO (2 times)
2002 Concurrent validity of a weight-bearing activity questionnaire in prepubertal and pubertal girls and boys.
79  middle school
(21 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
HS (17 times)
COL (3 times)
ES (3 times)
1999 Dental caries and fluorosis among children in a rural Georgia area.
80  morning surge
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(18 times)
BP (19 times)
SBP (5 times)
HR (3 times)
2003 Morning surge in blood pressure as a predictor of silent and clinical cerebrovascular disease in elderly hypertensives: a prospective study.
81  masseter
(20 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
LT (4 times)
MyHC (4 times)
DP (3 times)
1995 Influence of stress and occlusal interference on the EMG activity of some masticatory muscles during a single mastication cycle.
82  Maxwell-Stefan
(20 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MD (7 times)
DLS (2 times)
MOFs (2 times)
2003 Modeling of the co-transport of cryoprotective agents in a porous medium as a model tissue.
83  median slope
(20 times)
Emergency Medicine
(8 times)
AMSA (6 times)
VF (5 times)
ECG (3 times)
1997 Effect of surgery on visual field progression in normal-tension glaucoma.
84  metallic stents
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
CMS (3 times)
PS (3 times)
DES (2 times)
1996 [Balloon angioplasty and metallic stent].
85  methylation-specific
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
MLPA (6 times)
BWS (3 times)
LOM (2 times)
2005 Methylation status analysis of cell cycle regulatory genes (p16INK4A, p15INK4B, p21Waf1/Cip1, p27Kip1 and p73) in natural killer cell disorders.
86  monascin
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
AK (9 times)
PPAR (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2011 Synchronous high-performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector and mass spectrometry for the determination of citrinin, monascin, ankaflavin, and the lactone and acid forms of monacolin K in red mold rice.
87  male sterility
(19 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
CMS (5 times)
GO (3 times)
TFs (3 times)
1992 One-step generation of cytoplasmic male sterility by fusion of mitochondrial-inactivated tomato protoplasts with nuclear-inactivated Solanum protoplasts.
88  medium spiny
(19 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FS (7 times)
NAc (3 times)
NAcb (3 times)
1998 Up and down states in striatal medium spiny neurons simultaneously recorded with spontaneous activity in fast-spiking interneurons studied in cortex-striatum-substantia nigra organotypic cultures.
89  machined surface
(18 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
BIC (5 times)
HA (4 times)
LS (4 times)
2001 A multi-center study comparing dual acid-etched and machined-surfaced implants in various bone qualities.
90  magnetic susceptibility
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
AMS (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
OSL (2 times)
2009 Magnetic susceptibility as an indicator of heavy metal contamination in compost.
91  mineral salts
(18 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
BP (2 times)
RS (2 times)
4,5-DCG (1 time)
1981 Sodium intake reduction in volunteer families by using a salt substitute and nutrition counselling.
92  Mossbauer spectroscopy
(18 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
XRD (7 times)
TEM (6 times)
SEM (5 times)
1999 Magnetic properties of human liver and brain ferritin.
93  meiotic spindle
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
ZP (8 times)
MII (3 times)
HB (2 times)
2009 Analysis of spindle characteristics and embryo quality in mice stimulated with letrozole using Polscope imaging.
94  methicillin-susceptible
(17 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
MR (17 times)
CoNS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1981 Altered penicillin-binding proteins in methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
95  ministernotomy
(17 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AVR (8 times)
FS (6 times)
CPB (3 times)
2003 Conversion from ministernotomy to full sternotomy in aortic valve replacement.
96  muscle stimulation
(17 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
ROS (3 times)
IMP (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1987 Effects of intermittent electrical stimulations on muscle catabolism in intensive care patients.
97  metoprolol succinate
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EC (5 times)
HPMC (4 times)
SR (3 times)
2000 Hemodynamic comparison of twice daily metoprolol tartrate with once daily metoprolol succinate in congestive heart failure.
98  manual stimulation
(15 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
FFA (5 times)
WT (4 times)
IGF-1 (3 times)
1994 Importance of modes of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic nociceptive low back pain.
99  Master of Science
(15 times)
Education
(6 times)
BS (3 times)
MPH (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1998 Graduate management education for nurses: a comparative study.
100  membranous septum
(15 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
TAVR (7 times)
TAVI (6 times)
PPM (5 times)
2015 Inverse Relationship Between Membranous Septal Length and the Risk of Atrioventricular Block in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.