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Abbreviation: MSA
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Long forms: 388

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
multiple system atrophy
(2196 times)
Neurology
(1508 times)
PD (822 times)
PSP (397 times)
DLB (211 times)
1981 beta-Receptor numbers and thermodynamics in denervation supersensitivity.
multiple sequence alignment
(310 times)
Medical Informatics
(102 times)
PSSM (8 times)
MI (6 times)
SP (6 times)
1992 Sequence and localization of human NASP: conservation of a Xenopus histone-binding protein.
methanesulfonic acid
(207 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
DMSO (15 times)
DMS (13 times)
Se (12 times)
1989 Isolation and characterization of proteins cross-linked to DNA by the antitumor agent methylene dimethanesulfonate and its hydrolytic product formaldehyde.
multiplication-stimulating activity
(137 times)
Endocrinology
(41 times)
EGF (15 times)
IGF-I (10 times)
PDGF (10 times)
1976 Current concepts of somatomedin and other biologically related growth factors.
metropolitan statistical area
(131 times)
Public Health
(38 times)
CI (10 times)
OR (10 times)
ED (7 times)
1991 Temporal trends in the incidence of cutaneous malignant melanoma among Caucasians in the San Francisco-Oakland MSA.
Middle Stone Age
(89 times)
Anthropology
(55 times)
LSA (15 times)
OES (5 times)
OSL (5 times)
1998 Additional human fossils from Klasies River Mouth South Africa.
medial septal area
(86 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
NBM (13 times)
Ang II (7 times)
LH (6 times)
1980 Interaction between the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) and the medial septal area (MSA) in the control of sodium and potassium excretion in rats.
magnetic sphincter augmentation
(79 times)
General Surgery
(51 times)
GERD (42 times)
PPI (10 times)
GERD-HRQL (9 times)
2013 One hundred consecutive patients treated with magnetic sphincter augmentation for gastroesophageal reflux disease: 6 years of clinical experience from a single center.
muscle sympathetic nerve activity
(77 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
BP (6 times)
NE (6 times)
HR (4 times)
1980 Sympathetic reflex latencies and conduction velocities in normal man.
10  mercaptosuccinic acid
(73 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
QDs (24 times)
MPA (9 times)
TEM (7 times)
1981 Evaluation of methyl mercury chelating agents using red blood cells and isolated hepatocytes.
11  myositis-specific autoantibodies
(62 times)
Rheumatology
(22 times)
IIM (23 times)
MAA (18 times)
DM (16 times)
1994 A broadened spectrum of juvenile myositis. Myositis-specific autoantibodies in children.
12  muscle-specific actin
(61 times)
Pathology
(44 times)
SMA (29 times)
EMA (15 times)
GFAP (11 times)
1988 Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of minor salivary gland. An immunohistochemical and clinicopathologic study.
13  Master Settlement Agreement
(55 times)
Public Health
(30 times)
CI (2 times)
CEI (1 time)
CHCCs (1 time)
2000 Women and tobacco: with the master settlement agreement, we've come a long way, baby!
14  minimum stent area
(46 times)
Cardiology
(33 times)
IVUS (28 times)
ISR (12 times)
OCT (10 times)
2004 Contribution of stent underexpansion to recurrence after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation for in-stent restenosis.
15  mouse serum albumin
(45 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
HSA (4 times)
ABD (3 times)
HEMA (3 times)
1977 The influence of antisera specific for alpha-fetoprotein and mouse serum albumin on the viability and protein synthesis of cultured mouse hepatoma cells.
16  mean spherical approximation
(44 times)
Chemistry
(35 times)
DFT (5 times)
MD (5 times)
HNC (3 times)
1986 The donnan equilibrium: a theoretical study of the effects of interionic forces.
17  mannitol salt agar
(42 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
MRSA (16 times)
CNS (3 times)
MHA (3 times)
1989 Thermal Inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus in Retentates from Ultrafiltered Milk.
18  Meat Standards Australia
(29 times)
Meat
(14 times)
EMA (2 times)
IMF (2 times)
LL (2 times)
2002 Managing meat tenderness.
19  multivariate statistical analysis
(28 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
PCA (8 times)
OPLS-DA (4 times)
EBSD (2 times)
1979 [Methods of the multivariate statistical analysis of so-called polyetiological diseases using the example of coronary heart disease].
20  muscle-strengthening activity
(28 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
PA (6 times)
MVPA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
2011 Muscular strengthening activity patterns and metabolic health risk among US adults.
21  median sacral artery
(22 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
AA (2 times)
CTA (2 times)
DGA (2 times)
2005 Three-dimensional computed tomographic anatomy of the abdominal great vessels pertinent to L4-L5 anterior lumbar interbody fusion.
22  mammary serum antigen
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CASA (2 times)
CEA (2 times)
beta2m (1 time)
1987 Comparison of mammary serum antigen (MSA) and CA15-3 levels in the serum of patients with breast cancer.
23  methanesulfonate
(17 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
DMS (4 times)
DMSO (3 times)
MSAMO (3 times)
1993 A chloride current associated with swelling of cultured chick heart cells.
24  Mokken scale analysis
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
IRT (4 times)
CFA (3 times)
EFA (3 times)
2008 A comparative study of the dimensionality of the self-concealment scale using principal components analysis and Mokken scale analysis.
25  medical savings account
(15 times)
Health Services
(8 times)
MA (4 times)
PFFS (3 times)
CHP (2 times)
1995 1995 in the states: refinement of reform.
26  microsatellite analysis
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
MLPA (4 times)
CGH (3 times)
TCC (3 times)
2000 Identification of chromosomes 3, 6, and 8 aberrations in uveal melanoma by microsatellite analysis in comparison to comparative genomic hybridization.
27  military sexual assault
(15 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
PTSD (8 times)
VA (3 times)
OR (2 times)
2004 Sexual assault in women veterans: an examination of PTSD risk, health care utilization, and cost of care.
28  molecular shape analysis
(13 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
QSAR (5 times)
MFA (4 times)
DHFR (3 times)
1981 Inhibition of dihydrofolate reductase: structure-activity correlations of quinazolines based upon molecular shape analysis.
29  maxillary sinus augmentation
(12 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
AB (3 times)
MSCs (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2006 Maxillary sinus augmentation as a risk factor for implant failure.
30  Macroscopic supramolecular assembly
(11 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PDMS (2 times)
PDL (1 time)
PLL (1 time)
2017 Self-Correction Strategy for Precise, Massive, and Parallel Macroscopic Supramolecular Assembly.
31  mitis-salivarius agar
(10 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AHS (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
cfus (1 time)
1980 Comparison of selective broth and plating methods for isolation of Streptococcus mutans from root surface dental plaques.
32  Modern Standard Arabic
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AWS (1 time)
HTQ (1 time)
JA (1 time)
2011 Acquiring diglossia: mutual influences of formal and colloquial Arabic on children's grammaticality judgments.
33  morphine self-administration
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DG (4 times)
NSCs (2 times)
SSA (2 times)
2014 Association between initial morphine intake and body weight change, acoustic startle reflex and drug seeking in rats.
34  Measure of Sampling Adequacy
(9 times)
Psychology, Experimental
(2 times)
EFA (4 times)
KMO (3 times)
CFA (2 times)
1976 A Note on Some Sampling Characteristics of the Measure of Sampling Adequacy (MSA).
35  microtubule-stabilizing agent
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CNS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
2009 Cyclostreptin and microtubules: is a low-affinity binding site required?
36  monosodium aspartate
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
AO (1 time)
CBX (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
1989 [Effect of androgen on the onset of diabetes in the KK mice treated with monosodium aspartate].
37  multi-perturbation Shapley value analysis
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
NIHSS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CoC (1 time)
2004 Fair attribution of functional contribution in artificial and biological networks.
38  Multidimensional Scalogram Analysis
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NBAS-K (2 times)
IBR (1 time)
SSA (1 time)
1969 PERSONAL STYLES OF REACTION TO THE FRUSTRATION OF OTHERS AS PORTRAYED BY MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALOGRAM ANALYSIS.
39  Mutualite Sociale Agricole
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2003 S18Y polymorphism in the UCH-L1 gene and Parkinson's disease: evidence for an age-dependent relationship.
40  mixed stock analysis
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
GBR (2 times)
CS (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
2004 Stocking impact and migration pattern in an anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta) complex: where have all the stocked spawning sea trout gone?
41  MacConkey sorbitol agar
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
TAL (3 times)
TSA (3 times)
BCIG (2 times)
1990 A Screening Method for the Isolation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Ground Beef.
42  mean spike amplitude
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
MSF (4 times)
sEMG (4 times)
MNPPS (3 times)
1995 The role of haptic cues from rough and slippery surfaces in human postural control.
43  mixed sleep apnea
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AHI (3 times)
CPAP (3 times)
ANN (2 times)
1986 Reversal of central sleep apnea using nasal CPAP.
44  multistage activation
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
ETD (3 times)
CID (2 times)
IMAC (2 times)
2008 Enhanced detection and identification of multiply phosphorylated peptides using TiO2 enrichment in combination with MALDI TOF/TOF MS.
45  mannosylated human serum albumin
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
PET (3 times)
MR (2 times)
SLN (2 times)
2011 Development of 68Ga-labeled mannosylated human serum albumin (MSA) as a lymph node imaging agent for positron emission tomography.
46  mean species abundance
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Dyna-CLUE (2 times)
high-AKST (1 time)
LULC (1 time)
2010 Projecting land-use change and its consequences for biodiversity in northern Thailand.
47  mean surface area
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MCV (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1988 Alterations in size, shape and osmotic behaviour of red cells after splenectomy: a study of their age dependence.
48  mediastinal shift angle
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CDH (3 times)
TFLV (2 times)
LHR (1 time)
2018 Ultrasonographic assessment of mediastinal shift angle (MSA) in isolated left congenital diaphragmatic hernia for the prediction of postnatal survival.
49  membrane-stabilizing activity
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ISA (3 times)
AMI (1 time)
BBs (1 time)
1982 Pharmacological properties of diacetolol (M & B 16,942), a major metabolite of acebutolol.
50  membranous septal aneurysm
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
VSD (3 times)
AcMV (1 time)
DORV (1 time)
1982 [Clinical study of membranous ventricular septal defect in infancy and childhood by two-dimensional echocardiography].
51  merozoite surface antigen
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
MPSP (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SSU rRNA (1 time)
1998 Merozoite surface antigen 1 and 2 genotypes and rosetting of Plasmodium falciparum in severe and mild malaria in Lambarene, Gabon.
52  mitotic spindle apparatus
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ANA (2 times)
SLE (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
1984 Antibody to the mitotic spindle apparatus: immunologic characteristics and cytologic studies.
53  multisectoral approach
(6 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
NCDs (2 times)
APHRC (1 time)
EANCDA (1 time)
2017 Multisectoral approach for promoting public health.
54  major soluble antigen
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
qPCR (2 times)
BKD (1 time)
2002 Expression of duplicate msa genes in the salmonid pathogen Renibacterium salmoninarum.
55  mitotic spindle apparatus antibody
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SCLC (3 times)
ACA (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
2017 The clinical significance of anti-mitotic spindle apparatus antibody (MSA) and anti-centromere antibody (ACA) detected in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
56  multi-sectoral action
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
ACs (1 time)
BBIs (1 time)
HIV/AIDS (1 time)
2017 Implementing a multi-sectoral response to HIV: a case study of AIDS councils in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.
57  mutagen sensitivity assay
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MBPC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2004 Inter-rater agreement on chromosome 5 breakage in FISH-based mutagen sensitivity assays (MSAs).
58  5-methoxysalicylic acid
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
DHB (2 times)
APTS (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1996 Direct quantitative analysis of peptides using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization.
59  magnetic susceptibility anisotropy
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DRSTI (2 times)
DTI (2 times)
RDCs (2 times)
2007 Magnetic field induced residual dipolar couplings of imino groups in nucleic acids from measurements at a single magnetic field.
60  molecular self-assembly
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
OSR (1 time)
YAP (1 time)
2013 Progressive macromolecular self-assembly: from biomimetic chemistry to bio-inspired materials.
61  molecular surface area
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FEP (1 time)
HBT (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2010 Hydrophobic interactions in model enclosures from small to large length scales: non-additivity in explicit and implicit solvent models.
62  multiple source analysis
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MDS (1 time)
SARA (1 time)
SBT (1 time)
2002 Bioinformatics: analysis of HLA sequence data.
63  muscle spindle afferents
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
CINAHL (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2001 Influences on the fusimotor-muscle spindle system from chemosensitive nerve endings in cervical facet joints in the cat: possible implications for whiplash induced disorders.
64  muscle vascular bed
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
GH (2 times)
AGA (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
1997 Increased cardiac adrenergic drive precedes generalized sympathetic activation in human heart failure.
65  M-specific activator
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
--- 2000 Structure of yellow lupine genes coding for mitotic cyclins.
66  macrophage-stimulating activity
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
TLR (2 times)
BWE (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2005 Characterization and partial purification of a macrophage-stimulating factor from Mycoplasma hominis.
67  measurement system analysis
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ANOVA (2 times)
AST (1 time)
Cl (1 time)
2015 A measurement system analysis with design of experiments: Investigation of the adhesion performance of a pressure sensitive adhesive with the probe tack test.
68  medication self-administration
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Stroke survivors over-estimate their medication self-administration (MSA) ability, predicting memory loss.
69  meglumine sodium amidotrizoate
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RCM (2 times)
HFD (1 time)
MCDD (1 time)
1991 Comparative study of the adverse effects of various radiographic contrast media, including ioversol, a new low-osmolarity medium. I. Histamine release.
70  mesenteric small artery
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PSS (2 times)
WKY (2 times)
alpha 1-AR (1 time)
1997 Alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes in rat aorta and mesenteric small arteries are preserved during left ventricular dysfunction post-myocardial infarction.
71  metaphase-specific apoptosis
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
Exo1 (2 times)
QTL (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2002 Genetic mutation associated with meiotic metaphase-specific apoptosis in MRL/MpJ mice.
72  microscopy-based sulfide assay
(3 times)
Respiration
(2 times)
VSC (2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2008 A novel microscopic assay for oral malodor-related microorganisms.
73  minimal stent cross-sectional area
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MSD (2 times)
ELCA (1 time)
IVL (1 time)
2005 Stent underexpansion and residual reference segment stenosis are related to stent thrombosis after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation: an intravascular ultrasound study.
74  minimal structural alterations
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
VN (1 time)
2008 Blood vessels of vocal folds: a videolaryngoscopic study.
75  mitosis-specific activator
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
KN (1 time)
2007 R1R2R3-Myb proteins positively regulate cytokinesis through activation of KNOLLE transcription in Arabidopsis thaliana.
76  model of spontaneous aggression
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AgD (1 time)
AgR (1 time)
DHE (1 time)
2015 Use of haloperidol and risperidone in highly aggressive Swiss Webster mice by applying the model of spontaneous aggression (MSA).
77  moderate severe asthma
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MA (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AMG (1 time)
2012 Profile of eicosanoids in breath condensate in asthma and COPD.
78  multiple-slit assembly
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
SNR (1 time)
1986 Digital radiographic imaging system with multiple-slit scanning x-ray beam: preliminary report.
79  multisensor array
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GUMBOS (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
LAPS (1 time)
2003 Chemosensitivity testing of human tumors using Si-sensor chips.
80  myopathy and sideroblastic anemia
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
LOD (1 time)
2004 Mitochondrial myopathy and sideroblastic anemia.
81  M. serratus anterior
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ALND (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
MPM (1 time)
1991 [The mechanism of fatigue fracture of the ribs].
82  major surface antigen
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
Tn (1 time)
1995 Sequence of a novel virulence-mediating gene, virC, from Vibrio anguillarum.
83  malaria score for adults
(2 times)
Malaria
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2012 Severe imported malaria in an intensive care unit: a review of 59 cases.
84  malonate semialdehyde
(2 times)
Synthetic Biology
(1 time)
3-HP (1 time)
BA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2005 Mechanistic characterization of the MSDH (methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase) from Bacillus subtilis.
85  margarine with stanol esters
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MSE (2 times)
HDL-C (1 time)
LDL-C (1 time)
2000 Modulation of plasma lipid levels and cholesterol kinetics by phytosterol versus phytostanol esters.
86  Maryland State Assessment
(2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2011 Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children.
87  maternal state anxiety
(2 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
STAI (2 times)
KC (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2013 The impact of kangaroo care and music on maternal state anxiety.
88  mathematics scholastic achievement
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
LSA (2 times)
PSU (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2018 Impact of anthropometric nutritional parameters on the university selection test in Chile: A multifactorial approach.
89  maxillary swing approach
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
EEA (1 time)
MECs (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2013 [Resection of nasopharyngeal mucoepidermoid carcinoma using the maxillary swing approach].
90  mean of stained area
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MIOD (2 times)
CIA (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
2009 Anti-inflammatory effect of Sanshuibaihu decoction may be associated with nuclear factor-kappa B and p38 MAPK alpha in collagen-induced arthritis in rat.
91  mercury-specific aptamer
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NR (1 time)
2012 Quartz crystal microbalance aptasensor for sensitive detection of mercury(II) based on signal amplification with gold nanoparticles.
92  metabolic scope for activity
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SGR (1 time)
Ta (1 time)
2005 The cost of chronic stress: impacts of a nonhabituating stress response on metabolic variables and swimming performance in sturgeon.
93  Microsecretory adenocarcinoma
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
FISH (1 time)
TMAs (1 time)
2021 SS18 Break-Apart Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization is a Practical and Effective Method for Diagnosing Microsecretory Adenocarcinoma of Salivary Glands.
94  microsphere-based suspension array
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CPS (1 time)
CPSgcs (1 time)
2012 Application of a multiplex suspension array for rapid and simultaneous identification of clinically important mold pathogens.
95  microstructure array
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ACU (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CCT-tunable LED (1 time)
2016 CCT-tunable LED device with excellent ACU by using micro-structure array film.
96  microsurgical sublabial approach
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
EEA (1 time)
GH (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2017 Efficacy of Microsurgical Sublabial Approach (MSA) Versus Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA) for the Treatment of Pituitary Adenomas Based on Radiological and Hormonal Outcome.
97  middle superior alveolar
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IAN (1 time)
2000 A clinical comparison of pain perception to the Wand and a traditional syringe.
98  mild squamous atypia
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CIN 1 (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
Pap (1 time)
1994 The management of women with initial minor Pap smear abnormalities.
99  mitogen stimulation assays
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
MLR (2 times)
2000 Rational design of biologically active peptides: inhibition of T cell activation through interference with CD4 function.
100  mitotic spindle associated antigen
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
IF (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1991 [Detection of autoantibody to mitotic spindle associated antigen (MSA) in sera from patients with positive mycoplasma pneumoniae particle agglutination (PA) test].