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Abbreviation: NAF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nipple aspirate fluid
(145 times)
Neoplasms
(97 times)
PSA (9 times)
BC (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1983 Nipple aspirate cytology for the study of breast cancer precursors.
nafenopin
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PB (12 times)
CPA (6 times)
GGT (3 times)
1985 Nafenopin-induced rat liver peroxisome proliferation reduces DNA methylation by N-nitrosodimethylamine in vivo.
naftopidil
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
BPH (6 times)
IPSS (4 times)
TAM (4 times)
2002 [Determination of naftopidil and its main metabolite in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography].
nafcillin
(13 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(6 times)
CFZ (4 times)
MRSA (4 times)
MSSA (4 times)
2008 Human recombinant lactoferrin acts synergistically with antimicrobials commonly used in neonatal practice against coagulase-negative staphylococci and Candida albicans causing neonatal sepsis.
neutrophil-activating factor
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PMN (3 times)
15-HETE (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1985 Isolation and partial characterization of a human alveolar macrophage-derived neutrophil-activating factor.
nonaltered auditory feedback
(12 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(9 times)
DAF (6 times)
FAF (6 times)
AR (1 time)
1994 Effect of frequency-altered feedback on stuttering frequency at normal and fast speech rates.
National Abortion Federation
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
AGI (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
LMP (1 time)
1982 Freestanding abortion clinics: services, structure, fees.
nonagglutinating fimbriae
(7 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
MDCK (2 times)
MR/P (2 times)
PMF (2 times)
1997 The expression of nonagglutinating fimbriae and its role in Proteus mirabilis adherence to epithelial cells.
naftidrofuryl
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
5-HT (1 time)
BUF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1977 Influence of hypercapnia on the cerebrovascular activities of some drugs used in the treatment of cerebral ischemia.
10  new-onset atrial fibrillation
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2014 Long-term effect of antihypertensive drugs on the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation: a longitudinal cohort study.
11  non-aqueous fractionation
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AGPase (1 time)
OAS (1 time)
OASTL (1 time)
2009 Analysis of cytosolic and plastidic serine acetyltransferase mutants and subcellular metabolite distributions suggests interplay of the cellular compartments for cysteine biosynthesis in Arabidopsis.
12  nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PT (3 times)
CCBs (2 times)
CRNM (2 times)
2011 [A meta-analysis on efficacy of anti-platelet agents and anticoagulants for preventing stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation].
13  normal auditory feedback
(5 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
DAF (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
FAF (1 time)
1979 The effects of delayed auditory feedback and masking on the fundamental frequency of stutterers and nonstutterers.
14  nasal airflow
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
AR (1 time)
ARM (1 time)
FNE (1 time)
2007 Preoperative characteristics and postoperative outcomes following adenoidectomy in children.
15  non-altered feedback
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
DAF (3 times)
AAF (2 times)
FAF (1 time)
2003 Delayed auditory feedback in the treatment of stuttering: clients as consumers.
16  North African
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
mtDNA (2 times)
SIC (2 times)
ASH (1 time)
2008 Differences in mtDNA haplogroup distribution among 3 Jewish populations alter susceptibility to T2DM complications.
17  Nucleotide Archival Format
(4 times)
Data Science
(1 time)
DDBJ (1 time)
ENA (1 time)
GISAID (1 time)
2019 Nucleotide Archival Format (NAF) enables efficient lossless reference-free compression of DNA sequences.
18  nedaplatin, adriamycin, and 5-FU
(3 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
--- 2009 [A case of a 14-month survival patient on advanced esophageal cancer with uncontrolled brain metastasis completely responding to nedaplatin, adriamycin, plus 5-FU (NAF) therapy].
19  new-onset AF
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AF (3 times)
CI (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2009 Troponin levels help predict new-onset atrial fibrillation in ischaemic stroke patients: a retrospective study.
20  non-acid forming
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PAF (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of net acid generation pH as a single indicator for acid forming potential of rocks using geochemical properties.
21  normal associated fibroblasts
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CAF (2 times)
CAFs (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2005 Breast fibroblasts modulate epithelial cell proliferation in three-dimensional in vitro co-culture.
22  nuclear accessory factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
VDR (3 times)
VDRE (3 times)
EMSA (1 time)
1991 Vitamin D receptor interaction with specific DNA. Association as a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-modulated heterodimer.
23  N-cell-activating factor
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NCMC (1 time)
1978 Augmentation of human natural cell-mediated cytotoxicity by a soluble factor. I. Production of N-cell-activating factor (NAF).
24  nafamostat
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1993 Beneficial effects of a serine protease inhibitor in peripheral vascular disease.
25  nafarelin
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
1995 Comparison of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and a low dose oral contraceptive given alone or together in the treatment of hirsutism.
26  natriuretic atrial factor
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Efficacy of low-dose captopril in addition to furosemide and spironolactone in patients with decompensated liver disease during blunted diuresis.
27  nedaplatin, adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
CRT (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
2005 [A case of unknown primary squamous cell carcinoma in the neck showing a high response with combined chemotherapy including nedaplatin, adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil].
28  Needle Adjustment Free
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
LPN (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2021 Needle Adjustment Free (NAF) running suture technique (PAN suture) in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.
29  needs assessment formula
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
ANZ (1 time)
CAMES (1 time)
SBE (1 time)
2018 How to identify and prioritize procedures suitable for simulation-based training: Experiences from general needs assessments using a modified Delphi method and a needs assessment formula.
30  Netherlands Armed Forces
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
MSIs (2 times)
AMB (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Epidemiology and Financial Burden of Musculoskeletal Injuries as the Leading Health Problem in the Military.
31  neu protein-specific activating factor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Isolation and characterization of a neu protein-specific activating factor from human ATL-2 cell conditioned medium.
32  nicotinic autoreceptor function
(2 times)
Occupational Diseases
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2002 Nicotinic autoreceptor function in rat brain during maturation and aging: possible differential sensitivity to organophosphorus anticholinesterases.
33  nipple aspirates of breast fluid
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GCDFP-15 (1 time)
1988 Association of breast fluid coloration with age, ethnicity, and cigarette smoking.
34  non-acid-fast
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Elevated adjuvanticity of non-acid-fast mycobacteria.
35  non-AF
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
LAD (1 time)
LVAD (1 time)
2019 Impact of preoperative atrial fibrillation in patients with left ventricular assist device: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
36  nonablative fractional
(2 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
PIH (1 time)
2011 Acne scars in ethnic skin treated with both non-ablative fractional 1,550 nm and ablative fractional CO2 lasers: comparative retrospective analysis with recommended guidelines.
37  normal allantoic fluid
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CPK (1 time)
HF (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
1970 Lipid Composition of the Hemagglutinating Active Fraction Obtained from Chick Embryos Infected with Chlamydia psittaci 6BC.
38  north Anatolian fault
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
GF (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
InSAR (1 time)
2016 Variation in the radon concentrations and outdoor gamma radiation levels in relation to different geological formations in the thermal regions of Bursa, Turkey.
39  nuclear area factor
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2012 Efficacy of ImageJ in the assessment of apoptosis.
40  Nutrition Alert Form
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
BNT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS-OR (1 time)
2017 Nationwide survey of nutritional management in an Asian upper-middle income developing country government hospitals: Combination of quantitative survey and focus group discussion.
41  control ascitic fluid
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EEEV (1 time)
HAFs (1 time)
RPL (1 time)
2009 Identification of Dengue-specific B-Cell Epitopes by Phage-display Random Peptide Library.
42  DAP-nafcillin
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
CRO (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
2015 Penicillin Binding Protein 1 Is Important in the Compensatory Response of Staphylococcus aureus to Daptomycin-Induced Membrane Damage and Is a Potential Target for beta-Lactam-Daptomycin Synergy.
43  nafadotride
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
APO (1 time)
DA (1 time)
ETOH (1 time)
2003 Behavioral response profiles following drug challenge with dopamine receptor subtype agonists and antagonists in developing rat.
44  nafazatrom
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
alpha TR (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
HIS (1 time)
1993 Reaction kinetics of alpha-tocopheroxyl radical with biologically and pharmacologically active substances.
45  Nafoxidine
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
1988 Response of the mouse uterus to nafoxidine stimulation: agonism and antagonism.
46  nafoxidine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
TAM (1 time)
1987 Mode of estrogen action on cell proliferation in CAMA-1 cells: III. Effect of antiestrogen.
47  nanocellulose aerogel foam
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2018 Super light 3D hierarchical nanocellulose aerogel foam with superior oil adsorption.
48  Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NTUH (1 time)
1999 Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: a reappraisal of clinical features and treatment at National Taiwan University Hospital.
49  National Abortion Federation Members
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Cannula fracture in first trimester abortion: a case report and survey of NAF providers.
50  National Arthritis Foundation
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2003 Effects of arthritis exercise programs on functional fitness and perceived activities of daily living measures in older adults with arthritis.
51  native agave fructans
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Effective microencapsulation of Enterococcus faecium in biopolymeric matrices using spray drying.
52  native arteriovenous fistula
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2009 Maintenance of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas by an interventional strategy: clinical and duplex ultrasonographic surveillance followed by transluminal angioplasty.
53  natural auxiliary function
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FNO (1 time)
2021 Accurate Reduced-Cost CCSD(T) Energies: Parallel Implementation, Benchmarks, and Large-Scale Applications.
54  Navy and Air Force
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BIA (1 time)
HW (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2008 Percent body fat estimations in college men using field and laboratory methods: a three-compartment model approach.
55  needs-affordances-features
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
OKC (1 time)
2022 Modeling the Use of Online Knowledge Community: A Perspective of Needs-Affordances-Features.
56  Negative Autoregulated Frustrated bistability motif
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FBM (1 time)
NAR (1 time)
2015 The role of mRNA and protein stability in the function of coupled positive and negative feedback systems in eukaryotic cells.
57  neighbourhood approximation forests
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2013 Neighbourhood approximation forests.
58  nerve action fields
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Peripheral nerve conduction recorded by a micro gradiometer system (micro-SQUID) in humans.
59  net adhesion force
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2012 The model of nano-scale copper particle removal from silicon surface in high pressure CO2 + H2O and CO2 + H2O + IPA cleaning solutions.
60  network alignment frequency
(1 time)
Systems Biology
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2022 SANA: cross-species prediction of Gene Ontology GO annotations via topological network alignment.
61  neu-activating factor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1994 Ligand and p185c-neu density govern receptor interactions and tyrosine kinase activation.
62  neutralizing factor
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AAV (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2011 A 10 patient case report on the impact of plasmapheresis upon neutralizing factors against adeno-associated virus (AAV) types 1, 2, 6, and 8.
63  neutrophil adherence factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1980 Constituents of human neutrophils that mediate enhanced adherence to surfaces: purification and identification as acidic proteins of the specific granules.
64  new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
DSWI (1 time)
IHM (1 time)
2007 The impact of new-onset atrial fibrillation on in-hospital mortality following cardiac surgery.
65  nipple fluid aspirants
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2003 Clinical applications of proteomics: proteomic pattern diagnostics.
66  nitro-aldehyde-fuchsin
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1988 [Investigation on biopsy materials of 60 cases of viral B hepatitis in children with nitro-aldehyde-fuchsin (NAF) staining and light as well as electronic microscopy].
67  no-added formaldehyde
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
CARB (1 time)
UF (1 time)
2020 Long-Term Formaldehyde Emission Potential from UF- and NAF-Bonded Particleboards.
68  nodulisporic acid F
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Heterologous Biosynthesis of Nodulisporic Acid F.
69  Nomenclature d'Activites Francaises
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ISCO (1 time)
2017 Occupational exposure to endotoxins and lung cancer risk: results of the ICARE Study.
70  non-ablative fractional laser
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ECCA (1 time)
FMR (1 time)
2017 Combined Fractional Treatment of Acne Scars Involving Non-ablative 1,550-nm Erbium-glass Laser and Micro-needling Radiofrequency: A 16-week Prospective, Randomized Split-face Study.
71  Non-abscising fruitlets
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
APF (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
2005 Ethylene biosynthesis and perception in apple fruitlet abscission (Malus domestica L. Borck).
72  non-acidic fluid
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ESCC (1 time)
2021 Non-Acid Fluid Exposure and Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
73  non-adherent fraction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2013 Leukoreduction system chambers are an efficient, valid, and economic source of functional monocyte-derived dendritic cells and lymphocytes.
74  non-adjacent form
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2013 Fixed-base comb with window-non-adjacent form (NAF) method for scalar multiplication.
75  non-aerobic fitness
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ERD (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2022 The relationship of muscular endurance and coordination and dexterity with behavioral and neuroelectric indices of attention in preschool children.
76  non-African
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Af (1 time)
2014 Performance and age of African and non-African runners in half- and full marathons held in Switzerland, 2000-2010.
77  non-anthocyanin flavonoids
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2013 Development and validation of an UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS method for non-anthocyanin flavonoids quantification in Euterpe oleracea juice.
78  non-anthocyanin fraction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
DCFDA (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2014 An investigation into the ameliorating effect of black soybean extract on learning and memory impairment with assessment of neuroprotective effects.
79  non-anticoagulant fractions
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
EAR (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
2000 Inhibition of allergic late airway responses by inhaled heparin-derived oligosaccharides.
80  non-aqueous fluids
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Effects of non-aqueous fluids-associated drill cuttings discharge on shelf break macrobenthic communities in the Campos Basin, Brazil.
81  non-atrial-fibrillation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2020 The accuracy of compressed sensing cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in heart failure classifications.
82  non-iterative air-sea flux
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CSR (1 time)
EDH (1 time)
GMI (1 time)
2022 A Novel System for the Measurement of an Evaporation Duct Using the Magnetic Coupling Principle for Power Feeding and Data Transmission.
83  nonamnesic patients with frontal lesions
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2004 Elevated false recognition in patients with frontal lobe damage is neither a general nor a unitary phenomenon.
84  nonatretic follicles
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
Ao (1 time)
1996 Follicular Atresia, follicular fluid hormones, and circulating hormones during the midluteal phase of the estrous cycle in pigs.
85  nonlinear activation function
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
DSE (1 time)
FTCRNN (1 time)
2022 A novel activation function based recurrent neural networks and their applications on sentiment classification and dynamic problems solving.
86  nonlinear attenuation factor
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2022 Third-order optical nonlinearities of zinc porphyrins accommodated in the cavity of a doughnut-like molybdenum crown cluster.
87  normal adrenal function
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2013 Adrenal insufficiency in children undergoing heart surgery does not correlate with more complex postoperative course.
88  normal angiographic findings
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AVM (1 time)
SAH (1 time)
1982 Smoking and subarachnoid haemorrhage.
89  Normal annulus fibrosus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
2016 miR-221 attenuates the osteogenic differentiation of human annulus fibrosus cells.
90  normal autofluorescence
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FAF (1 time)
IAF (1 time)
2013 Association between fundus autofluorescence and visual outcome in surgically closed macular holes.
91  normal autonomic function and baroreceptor sensitivity tests
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CAN (1 time)
SAN (1 time)
2020 Influence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy on cardiac repolarisation during incremental adrenaline infusion in type 1 diabetes.
92  normalized advantage function
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2022 Subcutaneous insulin administration by deep reinforcement learning for blood glucose level control of type-2 diabetic patients.
93  normalized allelic frequencies
(1 time)
ITH (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2021 Combined Mutational and Clonality Analyses Support the Existence of Intra-Tumor Heterogeneity in Papillary Thyroid Cancer.
94  North African countries
(1 time)
Environmental Pollution
(1 time)
MEAS (1 time)
MENA (1 time)
2020 Environmental Performance and Economic Growth in Middle East and North Africa Countries.
95  North African Dust
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2022 Does the meteorological origin of heat waves influence their impact on health? A 6-year morbidity and mortality study in Madrid (Spain).
96  Northern Atlantic Forest
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AMC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
2009 Phylogeography of the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus): marked population structure, Neotropical Pleistocene vicariance and incongruence between nuclear and mtDNA markers.
97  Norwegian Armed Forces
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
NDUC (1 time)
NMA (1 time)
2019 Lost in Transition: The Dissemination of Digitization and the Challenges of Leading in the Military Educational Organization.
98  nulliparous adult female
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
MAF (1 time)
NYF (1 time)
2005 Effect of maternal age and parity on preimplantation embryo development and transport in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
99  number of adult Aedes aegypti females
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
2018 Using adult Aedes aegypti females to predict areas at risk for dengue transmission: A spatial case-control study.
100  Nursing Assessment Form
(1 time)
Nursing Diagnosis
(1 time)
--- 2013 Development and validation of a computerized assessment form to support nursing diagnosis.