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Abbreviation: NAM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nicotinamide
(383 times)
Biochemistry
(46 times)
NA (42 times)
NMN (32 times)
NAD (26 times)
1980 Dissimilar effects of nicotinamide and inosine, putative endogenous ligands of the benzodiazepine receptors, on pentylenetetrazol seizures in four strains of mice.
nasoalveolar molding
(122 times)
Dentistry
(89 times)
UCLP (16 times)
CLP (14 times)
BCLP (13 times)
1999 Presurgical nasoalveolar molding in infants with cleft lip and palate.
nested association mapping
(98 times)
Genetics
(35 times)
QTL (29 times)
GWAS (16 times)
SNPs (10 times)
2008 Genetic design and statistical power of nested association mapping in maize.
negative allosteric modulator
(94 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
PAM (19 times)
mGlu5 (12 times)
GPCRs (8 times)
2008 Allosteric modulation of kinases and GPCRs: design principles and structural diversity.
necrotizing autoimmune myopathy
(59 times)
Rheumatology
(12 times)
DM (15 times)
HMGCR (13 times)
PM (13 times)
2010 Review: An update on inflammatory and autoimmune myopathies.
National Academy of Medicine
(39 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CPGs (5 times)
GWG (3 times)
AGA (2 times)
2008 [Women members of the Mexican National Academy of Medicine. An analysis of their membership and place in the medical elite].
natural actomyosin
(23 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
Mb (2 times)
SuSo (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
1981 Ca2+ sensitivity change and troponin loss in cardiac natural actomyosin after coronary occlusion.
N-acetylmuramic acid
(18 times)
Science
(5 times)
NAG (9 times)
PG (5 times)
AtlE (1 time)
1969 The use of nuclear magnetic resonance to describe relative modes of binding to lysozyme of homologous inhibitors and related substrates.
norm activation model
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
TPB (9 times)
AC (3 times)
AR (3 times)
2009 Morality and prosocial behavior: the role of awareness, responsibility, and norms in the norm activation model.
10  N-(9-acridinyl)maleimide
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
RSD (3 times)
BIPM (2 times)
TEA (2 times)
1990 Effects of herbimycin A and various SH-reagents on p60v-src kinase activity in vitro.
11  Nail apparatus melanoma
(13 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
LM (2 times)
OS (2 times)
DFS (1 time)
1998 The incidence and prognosis of nail apparatus melanoma. A retrospective study of 105 patients in four English regions.
12  Native American myopathy
(12 times)
Science
(3 times)
EC (3 times)
MH (3 times)
CFZS (1 time)
2008 Native American myopathy: congenital myopathy with cleft palate, skeletal anomalies, and susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia.
13  New Approach Methodologies
(12 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
NGRA (4 times)
AOP (2 times)
DA (2 times)
2020 Internationalization of read-across as a validated new approach method (NAM) for regulatory toxicology.
14  nevus-associated melanoma
(11 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
DNM (3 times)
CI (1 time)
EORTC (1 time)
2018 Dysplastic vs. Common Naevus-associated vs. De novo Melanomas: An Observational Retrospective Study of 1,021 Patients.
15  new approach method
(11 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
IVIVE (4 times)
CFPD (1 time)
CSs (1 time)
2019 Chemical concentrations in cell culture compartments (C5) - concentration definitions.
16  niacinamide
(10 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
AR (1 time)
ATG5 (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
1992 Sulfur mustard-induced microvesication in hairless guinea pigs: effect of short-term niacinamide administration.
17  N-acetyl-methionine
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
NAC (4 times)
AFP (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
1975 Methionine replacement value of N-acetylmethionine and homocysteinethiolactone hydrochloride for growing rats.
18  New Alternative Masculinities
(6 times)
Cognitive Science
(6 times)
DTM (4 times)
OTM (3 times)
2021 Stop Blaming me for What Others Did to you: New Alternative Masculinity's Communicative Acts Against Blaming Discourses.
19  N-arachidonylmaleimide
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
2-AG (4 times)
hMGL (4 times)
FAAH (2 times)
2008 N-arachidonyl maleimide potentiates the pharmacological and biochemical effects of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonylglycerol through inhibition of monoacylglycerol lipase.
20  Neighborhood Activation Model
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CVC (1 time)
LNT (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2001 Examination of the neighborhood activation theory in normal and hearing-impaired listeners.
21  naming
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LD (2 times)
ATL (1 time)
ENG (1 time)
2005 Behavioral and neurobiological effects of printed word repetition in lexical decision and naming.
22  Native American
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
EUR (3 times)
AFR (2 times)
AIMs (2 times)
2014 Ancestry informative markers clarify the regional admixture variation in the Costa Rican population.
23  network analysis method
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
NJ (1 time)
UCs (1 time)
2008 Sympatry inference and network analysis in biogeography.
24  new approach methodology
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BCOP (1 time)
EC (1 time)
EDC (1 time)
2020 Laser Light-Based Opacitometer 'Peira LLBO 180': A new and validated opacitometer for use in the Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability (BCOP) eye irritation test method.
25  Northern Annular Mode
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
EP (1 time)
NAO (1 time)
2006 Changes in tropopause height for the Eurasian region determined from CARDS radiosonde data.
26  nonaffected meridian
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DAM (3 times)
SA (2 times)
WL (2 times)
2014 Acupuncture for chronic, stable angina pectoris and an investigation of the characteristics of acupoint specificity: study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial.
27  noraristeromycin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IKKalpha (2 times)
CIA (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2008 Synthesis of 4'-modified noraristeromycins to clarify the effect of the 4'-hydroxyl groups for inhibitory activity against S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase.
28  normal amine mechanism
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NCA (3 times)
Ala-NCA (1 time)
AMM (1 time)
2013 A facile glovebox-free strategy to significantly accelerate the syntheses of well-defined polypeptides by N-carboxyanhydride (NCA) ring opening polymerizations.
29  North American Monsoon
(3 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(2 times)
AOD (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
EW (1 time)
2016 Decreasing Aerosol Loading in the North American Monsoon Region.
30  Nucleic Acid Memory
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CCE (1 time)
ENAM (1 time)
2017 A Coding Scheme for Nucleic Acid Memory (NAM).
31  N-acryloylmorpholine
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DMA (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
NAS (1 time)
2013 Poly(N-acryloylmorpholine): a simple hydrogel system for temporal and spatial control over cell adhesion.
32  NAM group
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
HP (1 time)
2012 Presurgical nasoalveolar molding orthopedic treatment improves the outcome of primary cheiloplasty of unilateral complete cleft lip and palate, as assessed by naris morphology and cleft gap.
33  nasoalveolar molding technique
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2007 Correction of the alveolar gap and nostril deformity by presurgical passive orthodontia in the unilateral cleft lip.
34  nested associated mapping
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2020 New insights in the allelopathic traits of different barley genotypes: Middle Eastern and Tibetan wild-relative accessions vs. cultivated modern barley.
35  neural associative memory
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BAM (1 time)
CB (1 time)
ln2 (1 time)
2003 Improved bidirectional retrieval of sparse patterns stored by Hebbian learning.
36  neutrophil activator of matrix metalloproteinases
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
proMMP-2 (1 time)
TIMP-2 (1 time)
2006 Neutrophil activator of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (NAM).
37  nicotinic acid mononucleotide
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
1-MedA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BHB (1 time)
2019 Metabolite analysis-aided diagnosis of papillary thyroid cancer.
38  nitrene/alkyne metathesis
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Rhodium-Catalyzed Nitrene/Alkyne Metathesis: An Enantioselective Process for the Synthesis of N-Heterocycles.
39  nitric acid monohydrate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NA (1 time)
2006 Theoretical calculations of refractive indices and optical effects in spectra of nitric acid and nitric acid monohydrate crystals.
40  non-anaesthetized mice
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
1995 Triatoma infestans is more efficient than Panstrongylus megistus in obtaining blood meals on non anaesthetized mice.
41  nonabsorbable mesh
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
HHR (1 time)
2012 Risk of infection and hernia recurrence for patients undergoing ventral hernia repair with non-absorbable or biological mesh during open bowel procedures.
42  nonacral melanoma
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ALM (1 time)
AM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2012 C-kit expression of melanocytic neoplasm and association with clinicopathological parameters and anatomic locations in Chinese people.
43  nonclinical assessment model
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CDRH (1 time)
CHPA (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2019 Qualification of a non-animal vaginal irritation method admitted as nonclinical assessment model (NAM) in the Incubator Phase of the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) Medical Devices Development Tool (MDDT).
44  noninvasive airway mechanics
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
MCh (1 time)
RT-qPCR (1 time)
2002 Pulmonary function assessment by whole-body plethysmography in restrained versus unrestrained mice.
45  normal-appearing mucosa
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
1,25-DR (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1989 Specific receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-DR) and human colorectal carcinogenesis.
46  North American Mesoscale Forecast System
(2 times)
CASTNET (1 time)
CONUS (1 time)
GFSv15-CMAQv5.0.2 (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of NU-WRF rainfall forecasts for IFloodS.
47  nucleic acid mimic
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
2'-OMe (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
LNA (1 time)
2021 Bioinformatic Tools and Guidelines for the Design of Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization Probes.
48  nucleoside analogue mutations
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ZDV (2 times)
ddI (1 time)
NRTI (1 time)
2003 Nucleoside analogue mutations and Q151M in HIV-1 subtype A/E infection treated with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
49  14-beta-(o-nitro, p-azido)-cinnamoyl-amino-N-cyclopropylmethylnormorphinone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Photoaffinity probes for opiate receptors: synthesis and properties of a nitro-azido-derivative of 14-beta-aminomorphinone.
50  cognitive and metacognitive scales except for Cognitive harm
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2019 Difficulties In Emotion Regulation During Rehabilitation For Alcohol Addiction: Correlations With Metacognitive Beliefs About Alcohol Use And Relapse Risk.
51  myoglobin-natural actomyosin
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2007 Effect of ionic strength and temperature on interaction between fish myoglobin and myofibrillar proteins.
52  N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Segmentation of renal perfusion signals from laser speckle imaging into clusters with phase synchronized dynamics.
53  N-(acetamide) morpholinium
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Spectroscopic and structural properties of N-(acetamide) morpholinium bromide.
54  N-acetyl mannosamine
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 1993 Effects of chronic ethanol on enzymes regulating sialylation and desialylation of transferrin in rats.
55  N-acetyl mescaline
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TMPAA (1 time)
2022 Development and validation of an LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of mescaline and major metabolites in human plasma.
56  N-acetylmuramic disaccharide
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2006 Three-dimensional structure of the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan.
57  N-allylnorazidomorphine
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
COAM (1 time)
NOAM (1 time)
1977 The pharmacology of N-substituted azidomorphines.
58  N-methylation of nicotinamide
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
1-MNAM (1 time)
NNMT (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2022 Complex roles of nicotinamide N-methyltransferase in cancer progression.
59  NAD(+) and inhibited by nicotinamide
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
5-FOA (1 time)
2008 Pnc1p-mediated nicotinamide clearance modifies the epigenetic properties of rDNA silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
60  NAD(+) metabolites, such as nicotinamide
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase regulates cell survival through autophagy in cardiomyocytes.
61  NAD+-metabolic product, nicotinamide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
KO (1 time)
MCK (1 time)
2020 The potential of the novel NAD+ supplementing agent, SNH6, as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of Friedreich's ataxia.
62  NADPH-and nicotinamide
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADPR (1 time)
MeNAM (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2018 The Plasma NAD+ Metabolome Is Dysregulated in "Normal" Aging.
63  Nafamostat mesylate
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2021 Identification of potent inhibitors against transmembrane serine protease 2 for developing therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2.
64  named after no apical meristem
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2021 The interplay between ABA/ethylene and NAC TFs in tomato fruit ripening: a review.
65  Nampt substrate, urinary nicotinamide
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
PH (1 time)
2013 Hepatectomy-related hypophosphatemia: a novel phosphaturic factor in the liver-kidney axis.
66  Namulonge
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
CMG (1 time)
KUM (1 time)
2002 Co-adaptation between cassava mosaic geminiviruses and their local vector populations.
67  nanochannel assembly membrane
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BDS (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2006 Permeation flux of organic molecules through silica-surfactant nanochannels in a porous alumina membrane.
68  naphthalene acetamide
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NAA (1 time)
1993 Selection for spontaneous tomato haploids using a conditional lethal marker.
69  Naphthylamidase
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
5'-Nu (1 time)
AcPase (1 time)
AlkPase (1 time)
1994 Histochemical distribution of hydrolytic enzymes in adult Onchocerca fasciata (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae).
70  naringin agar medium
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2014 A simple plate-assay for screening extracellular naringinase produced by streptomycetes.
71  nasomaxillary aperture mucosa
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2020 Comparative studies on the histological characteristics of equine nasomaxillary aperture and paranasal sinus mucosa considering topographic and age-related differences.
72  National Archaeological Museum
(1 time)
--- 2020 On metal and 'spoiled' wine: analysing psimythion (synthetic cerussite) pellets (5th-3rd centuries BCE) and hypothesising gas-metal reactions over a fermenting liquid within a Greek pot.
73  Native African men
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
EAM (1 time)
ERG (1 time)
2021 Prostate tumors of native men from West Africa show biologically distinct pathways-A comparative genomic study.
74  natural alpine meadow
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FOF (1 time)
NO (1 time)
Ts (1 time)
2018 Characterizing nitric oxide emissions from two typical alpine ecosystems.
75  Natural antimicrobials
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2022 Synergistic Interaction Between Paired Combinations of Natural Antimicrobials Against Poultry-Borne Pathogens.
76  nature- and animal assisted mindfulness program
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
TAU (1 time)
2022 Effectiveness of Nature- and Animal Assisted Mindfulness for Relapse Prevention in Depressed Patients With a History of Childhood Maltreatment.
77  near atmospheric methane
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HMs (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2020 Multifunctional Periphytic Biofilms: Polyethylene Degradation and Cd2+ and Pb2+ Bioremediation under High Methane Scenario.
78  Nedbor-Afstromings-Model
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2022 Coupled hydrodynamic modelling approach to assess land use change induced flood characteristics.
79  negative attention module
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
PAM (1 time)
2020 Complementarity-Aware Attention Network for Salient Object Detection.
80  neoantigen minigene
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NCV (1 time)
2019 Poly-specific neoantigen-targeted cancer vaccines delay patient derived tumor growth.
81  neonatal adrenal masses
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
UCM (1 time)
2012 Neonatal adrenal masses: do we have reliable criteria for differential diagnosis and expectant management?
82  nested association mapping populations
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MAGIC (1 time)
2020 Multiparental Population in Crops: Methods of Development and Dissection of Genetic Traits.
83  nested mapping population
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
MAF (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2022 Genotype imputation for soybean nested association mapping population to improve precision of QTL detection.
84  NetB, alpha toxin and a metallopeptidase protein
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
rNAM (1 time)
2019 In silico design and in vitro analysis of a recombinant trivalent fusion protein candidate vaccine targeting virulence factor of Clostridium perfringens.
85  NetB, Alpha-toxin and Metallopeptidase
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
rNAM (1 time)
Zmp (1 time)
2020 Immunization with oral and parenteral subunit chimeric vaccine candidate confers protection against Necrotic Enteritis in chickens.
86  Network autoregression model
(1 time)
--- 2019 Portal Nodes Screening for Large Scale Social Networks.
87  network meta-analysis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GDM (1 time)
OR (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2017 Comparative efficacy and safety of oral antidiabetic drugs and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus: An updated PRISMA-compliant network meta-analysis.
88  network-based attention model
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CDR (1 time)
KBs (1 time)
2018 Combining Context and Knowledge Representations for Chemical-Disease Relation Extraction.
89  networked autonomic machine
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2012 Towards a flexible middleware for context-aware pervasive and wearable systems.
90  Neural Additive Model
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GAM (1 time)
2022 SurvNAM: The machine learning survival model explanation.
91  neuroprotective mechanism of nicotinamide
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2021 Nicotinamide Ameliorates Amyloid Beta-Induced Oxidative Stress-Mediated Neuroinflammation and Neurodegeneration in Adult Mouse Brain.
92  Neurosurgical Association of Malaysia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HKL (1 time)
WFNS (1 time)
2022 History of Neurosurgery in Malaysia: The Past, Present and Future.
93  neutron activated microspheres
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
RM (2 times)
2005 Comparison of neutron activated and radiolabeled microsphere methods for measurement of transmural myocardial blood flow in dogs.
94  New Assessment Method
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CFPD (1 time)
CTN (1 time)
HEC (1 time)
2022 Application of a new approach method (NAM) for inhalation risk assessment.
95  New Automated Software Method
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FAZ (1 time)
GUI (1 time)
2022 FAZSeg: A New Software for Quantification of the Foveal Avascular Zone.
96  new electrical bio-admittance method
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2004 Electrical admittance method for estimating fluid removal during artificial dialysis.
97  new formulation STERIspheres
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
RM (2 times)
2005 Comparison of neutron activated and radiolabeled microsphere methods for measurement of transmural myocardial blood flow in dogs.
98  NIC and its amide nicotinamide
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NIC (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
PIC (1 time)
2004 ECNI GC-MS analysis of picolinic and quinolinic acids and their amides in human plasma, CSF, and brain tissue.
99  NIC, and nicotinamide
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LLOQ (1 time)
MEK (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
2005 Simultaneous determination of myristyl nicotinate, nicotinic acid, and nicotinamide in rabbit plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using methyl ethyl ketone as a deproteinization solvent.
100  nicotianamine
(1 time)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
ACE2 (1 time)
NAAE (1 time)
2021 Molecular modeling of the interaction of ligands with ACE2-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein complex.