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Abbreviation: NC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal control
(2186 times)
Neurology
(448 times)
AD (434 times)
MCI (255 times)
PD (107 times)
1980 Exercise capacity and cardiac function in trained and untrained thyroid-deficient rats.
negative control
(970 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(182 times)
PC (244 times)
qRT-PCR (74 times)
miR (40 times)
1984 Effect of selected dietary buffers upon utilization of concentrate- or roughage-based cattle diets: laboratory studies.
neural crest
(517 times)
Embryology
(175 times)
EMT (26 times)
NCCs (19 times)
ECM (18 times)
1975 Mesenchymal derivatives of the neural crest: analysis of chimaeric quail and chick embryos.
nucleocapsid
(460 times)
Virology
(243 times)
HIV-1 (107 times)
CA (74 times)
MA (53 times)
1980 [Cellular immune response detected in blast transformation test with lymphocytes from rabbits immunized with nucleocapsid of herpes simplex type 2 virus].
neck circumference
(331 times)
Medicine
(47 times)
BMI (139 times)
WC (98 times)
AHI (44 times)
1995 The relationship between obesity and craniofacial structure in obstructive sleep apnea.
North Carolina
(275 times)
Public Health
(38 times)
CI (13 times)
ED (10 times)
EMS (9 times)
1983 Management of infectious waste from hospitals.
normal cognition
(250 times)
Neurology
(79 times)
MCI (110 times)
AD (96 times)
aMCI (20 times)
1992 [Seasonal and circadian fluctuations in blood biochemical indicators in mice in natural conditions and exposed to constant light].
nanocrystal
(231 times)
Nanotechnology
(80 times)
PL (15 times)
TEM (8 times)
XRD (7 times)
2002 Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals.
normal control group
(209 times)
Medicine
(23 times)
STZ (16 times)
MDA (14 times)
DC (13 times)
1973 [Occurrence and localization of the carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) and of a perchloric acid-soluble antigen of normal colonic mucosa (NC) in carcinomas and polyps of the large bowel (author's transl)].
10  nitrocellulose
(182 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(37 times)
mAb (11 times)
PVDF (10 times)
LFA (7 times)
1984 Nitrocellulose-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (NC-ELISA) - a sensitive technique for the rapid visual detection of both viral antigens and antibodies.
11  nucleocapsid protein
(151 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HIV-1 (37 times)
RT (25 times)
TAR (14 times)
1989 Characterization of Moloney murine leukemia virus mutants with single-amino-acid substitutions in the Cys-His box of the nucleocapsid protein.
12  nanocomposite
(136 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(25 times)
NPs (14 times)
XRD (12 times)
FESEM (8 times)
2008 Electrospun PVA/HAp nanocomposite nanofibers: biomimetics of mineralized hard tissues at a lower level of complexity.
13  neurocysticercosis
(126 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
CSF (30 times)
ELISA (16 times)
CT (8 times)
1985 Praziquantel in the cerebrospinal fluid in neurocysticercosis.
14  normal chow
(123 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
HFD (46 times)
HF (18 times)
WT (13 times)
1986 Effect of exercise on the development of salt-induced hypertension in Dahl-S rats.
15  necrotic core
(116 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
VH-IVUS (40 times)
DC (35 times)
FF (17 times)
2001 Diagnosis of human coronary atherosclerosis by morphology-based Raman spectroscopy.
16  natural cytotoxic
(108 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(67 times)
NK (47 times)
TNF (12 times)
IL-3 (10 times)
1980 Natural cytotoxic cells against solid tumors in mice: blocking of cytotoxicity by D-mannose.
17  neoadjuvant chemotherapy
(90 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
OS (18 times)
pCR (18 times)
DFS (13 times)
1991 Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and postoperative radiation therapy for invasive thymoma.
18  nucleated cells
(85 times)
Hematology
(38 times)
UCB (19 times)
MNC (11 times)
CB (10 times)
1979 The survival of cryopreserved human bone marrow stem cells.
19  nanocellulose
(80 times)
Carbohydrates
(15 times)
CNF (6 times)
CNC (4 times)
SEM (4 times)
2010 Production and properties of nanocellulose-reinforced methylcellulose-based biodegradable films.
20  nonclassical
(75 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
CAH (43 times)
SV (31 times)
SW (29 times)
1985 Genetic differences between the salt-wasting, simple virilizing, and nonclassical types of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
21  nanocapsules
(71 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
NS (11 times)
PEG (6 times)
NE (5 times)
1993 Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules in carteolol ophthalmic delivery.
22  nanocrystalline
(62 times)
Nanotechnology
(16 times)
GBs (8 times)
GB (5 times)
TEM (5 times)
1998 Microstructure investigations of ball milled materials.
23  negative control group
(59 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
PC (24 times)
SD (4 times)
BC (3 times)
2003 Evaluation of time required for recontamination of coronally sealed canals medicated with calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine.
24  nitrogen-doped carbon
(58 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
ORR (13 times)
LIBs (4 times)
OER (4 times)
2011 Mesoporous nitrogen-doped carbon-glass ceramic cathodes for solid-state lithium-oxygen batteries.
25  nanocarrier
(56 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
MC (12 times)
AD (7 times)
APOE (4 times)
1996 Visual processing disorders in patients with Huntington's disease and asymptomatic carriers.
26  narcolepsy with cataplexy
(53 times)
Psychophysiology
(32 times)
MSLT (7 times)
HR (5 times)
REM (5 times)
2007 Abnormal activity in hypothalamus and amygdala during humour processing in human narcolepsy with cataplexy.
27  nephrocalcinosis
(51 times)
Pediatrics
(25 times)
NL (7 times)
US (7 times)
PH1 (4 times)
1984 [Status of sonography versus roentgen and computed tomography in the diagnosis of nephrocalcinosis].
28  naturally conceived
(50 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(19 times)
ART (20 times)
ICSI (15 times)
IVF (14 times)
2003 Maternal adjustment, parenting and child behaviour in families of school-aged twins conceived after IVF and ovulation induction.
29  neutrophil count
(50 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CRP (13 times)
WBC (13 times)
LC (12 times)
1985 Patients with acute abdominal pain: white cell and neutrophil counts as predictors of the surgical acute abdomen.
30  neurocognitive
(49 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
SC (8 times)
CSF (6 times)
ART (5 times)
2006 Neurocognitive deficits and disability in major depressive disorder.
31  Nitidine chloride
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
HCC (6 times)
EMT (4 times)
OSCC (3 times)
2011 Nitidine Chloride inhibits breast cancer cells migration and invasion by suppressing c-Src/FAK associated signaling pathway.
32  nanocluster
(48 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
BSA (3 times)
CD (2 times)
ECL (2 times)
2007 Recent patents in semiconductor nanocluster floating gate flash memory.
33  nociceptin
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
EFS (5 times)
i.c.v (5 times)
ORL1 (5 times)
1989 [Effects of repeated acupuncture action on pain sensitivity and beta-endorphin contents of the hypothalamus and midbrain of the rat].
34  non-compliant
(47 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
DES (4 times)
SC (4 times)
BRS (3 times)
1993 Compliance in Saudi epileptic patients: Determinants of compliance in Saudi epileptic patients.
35  natural cycle
(44 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(24 times)
FET (22 times)
HRT (10 times)
AC (6 times)
2006 Endometrial expression of the estrogen-sensitive genes MMP-26 and TIMP-4 is altered by a substitution protocol without down-regulation in IVF patients.
36  normal healthy controls
(41 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
AD (15 times)
ATA (7 times)
MCI (7 times)
1986 Calcitonin induced increase in ACTH, beta-endorphin and cortisol secretion.
37  N-doped carbon
(40 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
ORR (7 times)
HER (4 times)
NPs (4 times)
2014 Hollow nanospheres constructed by CoS2 nanosheets with a nitrogen-doped-carbon coating for energy-storage and photocatalysis.
38  noncollagenous
(40 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
BP (7 times)
EBA (6 times)
ELISA (5 times)
1988 The complete primary structure of the alpha 2 chain of human type IV collagen and comparison with the alpha 1(IV) chain.
39  normal control subjects
(40 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (6 times)
MCI (4 times)
1990 Effect of inversion on memory for faces in Parkinson's disease and right-hemisphere stroke patients.
40  normocholesterolemic
(39 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
HC (34 times)
LDL (6 times)
NO (6 times)
1985 Evolution of foam cells in subcutaneous rabbit carrageenan granulomas: I. Light-microscopic and ultrastructural study.
41  nerve conduction
(37 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
EMG (5 times)
CTS (4 times)
CIDP (3 times)
1987 Vibratory and cooling detection thresholds compared with other tests in diagnosing and staging diabetic neuropathy.
42  nasal cavity
(36 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
PNS (7 times)
MS (6 times)
CT (5 times)
1992 Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in carcinomas of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses by polymerase chain reaction.
43  nailfold capillaroscopy
(35 times)
Rheumatology
(23 times)
SSc (15 times)
RP (10 times)
CTD (4 times)
2003 Interleukin-13 in systemic sclerosis: relationship to nailfold capillaroscopy abnormalities.
44  neonatal cholestasis
(34 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
BA (20 times)
GGT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Nonobstructive neonatal cholestasis: clinical outcome and scoring of the histopathological changes in liver biopsies.
45  normotensive control
(33 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
PE (15 times)
EH (4 times)
SBP (4 times)
1979 Circulatory changes during pregnancy in spontaneously and renal hypertensive rats.
46  nasal cannula
(32 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
HFNC (7 times)
nCPAP (5 times)
BVM (3 times)
1987 Evaluation of the use of an oxygen conservation device in long-term oxygen therapy.
47  neurological complications
(32 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HSCT (4 times)
allo-HSCT (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
1980 [Neurological complications in children with congenital cyanotic heart disease (author's transl)].
48  normal comparison
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
AD (3 times)
PMDD (3 times)
PPI (3 times)
1990 Psychometric deviance in offspring at risk for schizophrenia: I. Initial delineation of a distinct subgroup.
49  non-contrast
(27 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CE (5 times)
AUC (4 times)
CT (4 times)
1989 The water jet-guided Nd:YAG laser in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcer with a visible vessel. A randomized controlled and prospective study.
50  negative capacitance
(25 times)
Nanotechnology
(13 times)
SS (8 times)
FE (3 times)
FETs (3 times)
2009 "Squishy capacitor" model for electrical double layers and the stability of charged interfaces.
51  neurotypical controls
(25 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CSF (7 times)
AD (6 times)
ASD (4 times)
1981 IgM-class rheumatoid factor in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of multiple sclerosis and matched neurological control patients.
52  nicardipine
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
NF (4 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1986 Effects of calcium entry blockers on Ca2+-induced contraction of depolarized and noradrenaline-exposed rat resistance vessels.
53  normal cycling
(23 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
PCOS (8 times)
BMI (3 times)
DC (3 times)
1992 Cellular mechanisms of insulin resistance in polycystic ovarian syndrome.
54  nuclear color
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
NO (19 times)
LOCS III (10 times)
LOCS (6 times)
1993 The Lens Opacities Classification System III. The Longitudinal Study of Cataract Study Group.
55  narcolepsy-cataplexy
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(11 times)
REM (4 times)
BIISS (2 times)
IH (2 times)
2001 Narcolepsy-cataplexy syndrome associated with DRB1*0806-DQB*0602 haplotype in a Caucasian patient.
56  nephrocalcin
(22 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
COM (8 times)
THP (5 times)
CaOx (3 times)
1988 Crystal adsorption and growth slowing by nephrocalcin, albumin, and Tamm-Horsfall protein.
57  New Caledonia
(21 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
DENV (2 times)
ASR (1 time)
C-deficiency (1 time)
2004 Lateralization of tool use in New Caledonian crows (Corvus moneduloides).
58  nociceptin/orphanin FQ
(21 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ORL1 (6 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
NCR (3 times)
2000 Antagonistic effects of [Nphe1]nociceptin(1-13)NH2 on nociceptin receptor mediated inhibition of cAMP formation in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing the recombinant human nociceptin receptor.
59  norcocaine
(21 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
BE (11 times)
COC (11 times)
CE (7 times)
1977 [Effect of serotonin and monoamine oxidase inhibitors on corneal anesthesia produced by celnovocaine and novocaine].
60  normal cervix
(21 times)
Communicable Diseases
(13 times)
SCC (10 times)
GMDR (6 times)
CIN (4 times)
2006 Positive association between STAT3 and Ki-67 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
61  nucleus caudatus
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
SN (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1976 The influence of neuromediators injected into nucleus caudatus on bioelectrical seizure activity of amygdala.
62  noncoagulating
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
MCP (5 times)
RCT (4 times)
BS (2 times)
2003 Repeatability estimates for milk coagulation traits and non-coagulation of milk in Finnish Ayrshire cows.
63  NC/Nga
(19 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
AD (7 times)
IL (3 times)
IgE (2 times)
1998 Effect of tacrolimus hydrate (FK506) ointment on spontaneous dermatitis in NC/Nga mice.
64  neurogenic claudication
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LSS (10 times)
NSLBP (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
1998 Recruitment curve of the soleus H reflex in patients with neurogenic claudication.
65  normoxia control
(19 times)
Brain
(3 times)
HC (7 times)
CIH (4 times)
HT (4 times)
1992 Effects of endurance training under hyperoxia on serum and tissue lipid levels in rats.
66  NUT carcinoma
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
NUT (5 times)
BET (3 times)
HDAC (2 times)
2013 Expression of P16 in NUT carcinomas with no association with human papillomavirus (HPV).
67  Nevus comedonicus
(18 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
EH (2 times)
ABCA12 (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1981 Nevus comedonicus with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. A report of four cases.
68  non-corrected
(18 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
AC (13 times)
CAD (9 times)
MPI (3 times)
1996 Non-uniform attenuation correction for myocardial SPET using two Gd-153 line sources.
69  Nephropathic cystinosis
(17 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
CKD (2 times)
CTNS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2005 High cystine in platelets from patients with nephropathic cystinosis: a chemical, ultrastructural, and functional evaluation.
70  nicotine
(17 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
IM (5 times)
CB (4 times)
BP (3 times)
1982 Acute microcirculatory response to nicotine in frog web.
71  nanoclay
(16 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
XRD (3 times)
SF (2 times)
3DPC (1 time)
2012 In vitro evaluation of electrospun PCL/nanoclay composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering.
72  nasal chondrocytes
(15 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(4 times)
IVD (3 times)
NP (3 times)
OC (2 times)
2005 Comparative effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) on the production of inflammatory mediators in normal and osteoarthrotic sow chondrocytes.
73  neocuproine
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
BC (2 times)
DFO (2 times)
PLPC (2 times)
1996 1,10-Phenanthroline stimulates internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in isolated rat-liver nuclei by promoting the redox activity of endogenous copper ions.
74  Neospora caninum
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
BVDV (8 times)
MAP (7 times)
BLV (5 times)
1998 Serological survey of antibody to Neospora caninum in Japanese dogs.
75  normal chow diet
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HFD (7 times)
HF (4 times)
NAFLD (4 times)
2011 [High fat diet induces obesity and alters the expression of MCHR1 and OB-Rb in the adipose tissue].
76  number concentration
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
MC (7 times)
SAC (4 times)
AIC (1 time)
2004 Relationship between indoor and outdoor levels of fine particle mass, particle number concentrations and black smoke under different ventilation conditions.
77  nerve conduit
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
GDNF (4 times)
NGF (4 times)
PLGA (4 times)
2007 Laminin-incorporated nerve conduits made by plasma treatment for repairing spinal cord injury.
78  nitrosocimetidine
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
MNNG (10 times)
MNU (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
1980 Induction of DNA strand breaks by nitrosocimetidine.
79  nurse cell
(14 times)
Parasitology
(7 times)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1979 Chromomeres and puffing in experimentally induced polytene chromosomes of Calliphora erythrocephala.
80  nanocomplex
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ROS (3 times)
BMP-2 (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2004 Self-assembling nanocomplexes from insulin and water-soluble branched polyesters, poly[(vinyl-3-(diethylamino)- propylcarbamate-co-(vinyl acetate)-co-(vinyl alcohol)]-graft- poly(L-lactic acid): a novel carrier for transmucosal delivery of peptides.
81  nanocubes
(13 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
NR (6 times)
NO (4 times)
ROS (2 times)
2012 A general strategy for self-assembly of nanosized building blocks on liquid/liquid interfaces.
82  naturally cycling
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
OC (7 times)
OCs (4 times)
COCs (1 time)
2012 Estrus synchronization and ovarian hyper-stimulation treatments have negligible effects on cumulus oocyte complex gene expression whereas induction of ovulation causes major expression changes.
83  neurenteric cyst
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
MRI (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
2000 Spinal neurenteric cyst presenting in infancy with chronic fever and acute myelopathy.
84  non-demented controls
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
VD (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1988 The effect of embryonic ethanol exposure on detour learning in the chick.
85  nitrocellulose membrane
(12 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
LYS (2 times)
PV (2 times)
1989 A dot-blot method for screening polyclonal and monoclonal antisera to poly(ADP-ribose).
86  non-cancer
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BC (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
ADJ (1 time)
2007 Sleep disturbances and impaired daytime functioning in outpatients with newly diagnosed lung cancer.
87  non-diabetic control
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DC (4 times)
DM (2 times)
DR (2 times)
1995 Effect of a potent new aldose reductase inhibitor, (5-(3-thienyltetrazol-1-yl)acetic acid (TAT), on diabetic neuropathy in rats.
88  notochordal
(12 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
IVD (5 times)
NP (4 times)
MNP (2 times)
2008 Spinal cord is required for proper regeneration of the tail in Xenopus tadpoles.
89  nuchal cord
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(10 times)
FHR (2 times)
AFI (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2003 The variables affecting nuchal skin-fold thickness in mid-trimester.
90  numerically controlled
(12 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CAD (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CCOS (1 time)
1992 A manufacturing system for contoured foam cushions.
91  nutritional counseling
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ONS (3 times)
CRT (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
1994 [Energy and nutritional intake in young weight lifters before and after nutritional counseling].
92  needle complex
(11 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
EPEC (3 times)
TTSS (2 times)
EHEC (1 time)
2000 Contribution of Salmonella typhimurium type III secretion components to needle complex formation.
93  non-coronary
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LC (4 times)
RC (3 times)
ACS (1 time)
1985 [Cardiac angioscintigraphy at equilibrium coupled with isoproterenol perfusion. Method of diagnosing chronic coronary insufficiency].
94  noncompaction
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LV (6 times)
DCM (3 times)
LVNC (3 times)
2009 [Echocardiography and magnetic resonance tomography of the heart in diagnosis of noncompaction of left ventricular myocardium].
95  nuclear to cytoplasmic
(11 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
BSCC (2 times)
LBC (2 times)
ATL (1 time)
1989 A novel EBV-related nucleo-cytoplasmic antigen in a null cell-line (HLN-STL-C) reactive to antibodies in the sera from patients with Sjogren's syndrome.
96  need for cognition
(10 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
CRT (1 time)
GMA (1 time)
NCC (1 time)
2000 Information Processing at Successive Stages of Decision Making: Need for Cognition and Inclusion-Exclusion Effects.
97  Neurocalcin
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IR (4 times)
PV (3 times)
CaBPs (2 times)
1995 Localization of neurocalcin-like immunoreactivity in rat cranial motoneurons and spinal cord interneurons.
98  new cementum
(10 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
NB (4 times)
AEFC (2 times)
CsA (2 times)
1997 New cementum formation induced by cyclosporin A: a histological, ultrastructural and histomorphometric study in the rat.
99  noncanonical
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
FLT3 (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2010 Structural dynamics of the box C/D RNA kink-turn and its complex with proteins: the role of the A-minor 0 interaction, long-residency water bridges, and structural ion-binding sites revealed by molecular simulations.
100  noncavitated
(10 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
DMFS (3 times)
AR (2 times)
CAP (2 times)
2004 Influence of diagnostic adjuncts to the measurement of caries prevalence at different caries thresholds.