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Abbreviation: NF
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Long forms: 652

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nuclear factor
(4890 times)
Molecular Biology
(735 times)
IL (1189 times)
TNF (973 times)
LPS (687 times)
1977 Subcellular hypothalamic fractions active on ovulation and luteinizing hormone release in the rat.
neurofilament
(916 times)
Neurology
(379 times)
GFAP (125 times)
NSE (64 times)
DRG (39 times)
1978 Localization of nervous system antigens in retina by immunohistology.
nanofiltration
(636 times)
Environmental Health
(398 times)
RO (170 times)
UF (107 times)
MBR (37 times)
1997 Selective separation of amino acids with a charged inorganic nanofiltration membrane: effect of physicochemical parameters on selectivity.
Necrotizing fasciitis
(541 times)
General Surgery
(94 times)
GAS (36 times)
LRINEC (28 times)
STSS (25 times)
1981 Blood coagulation and fibrinolytic systems in patients with erysipelas and necrotizing fasciitis.
neurofibromatosis
(365 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
NF1 (26 times)
MRI (13 times)
NF2 (11 times)
1980 Diminished epidermal growth factor binding by neurofibromatosis fibroblasts.
neurofeedback
(188 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
ADHD (54 times)
EEG (36 times)
rtfMRI (17 times)
2005 Effect of neurofeedback on hemispheric word recognition.
nickel foam
(131 times)
Chemistry
(57 times)
OER (41 times)
HER (24 times)
AC (6 times)
2014 A high-performance platinum electrocatalyst loaded on a graphene hydrogel for high-rate methanol oxidation.
nanofiber
(109 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
CF (18 times)
PCL (7 times)
OTCs (5 times)
1988 Effects of air quality on foliar injury, growth, yield, and quality of muskmelon.
Nodular fasciitis
(82 times)
Pathology
(32 times)
FNA (5 times)
FISH (3 times)
FNAC (3 times)
1978 Extent and level of fascial involvement in 100 cases with nodular fasciitis.
10  nifedipine
(69 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
DL (5 times)
NC (5 times)
CsA (4 times)
1982 Effects of calcium channel blocking agents on reperfusion arrhythmias.
11  neurofilament protein
(65 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
GFAP (25 times)
NSE (16 times)
CGRP (6 times)
1984 Neuroblastic medulloblastoma with abundant cytoplasmic actin filaments.
12  normal flow
(59 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
LF (25 times)
AS (17 times)
HF (12 times)
1994 Time course of flow-induced smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal thickening in endothelialized baboon vascular grafts.
13  nonfailing
(55 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
DCM (13 times)
HF (11 times)
LV (9 times)
1985 Drug absorption in spinal cord injury.
14  Nissen fundoplication
(53 times)
General Surgery
(41 times)
GERD (14 times)
TF (8 times)
GER (6 times)
1980 Incidental splenectomy associated with Nissen fundoplication.
15  nitrofurantoin
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
CYP450 (3 times)
PQ (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
1978 Inhibition of x-ray-induced protection of Escherichia coli K-12 cells against the lethal effects of ultra-violet light by nitrofurantoin.
16  nuclear transcription factor
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
TNF (21 times)
IL (19 times)
LPS (10 times)
1996 Capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is a potent inhibitor of nuclear transcription factor-kappa B activation by diverse agents.
17  novel food
(51 times)
Food Safety
(46 times)
NDA (45 times)
BW (13 times)
QPS (6 times)
2007 Response toward novel stimuli in a group of tufted capuchins (Cebus libidinosus) in Brasilia National Park, Brazil.
18  Ni foam
(48 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
HER (16 times)
OER (14 times)
AC (5 times)
2012 Ni foam: a novel three-dimensional porous sensing platform for sensitive and selective nonenzymatic glucose detection.
19  normal-fat
(47 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
HF (40 times)
EX (7 times)
SED (7 times)
1986 Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fat and 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)-anthracene on rat splenic natural killer cells and prostaglandin E synthesis.
20  neurofibroma
(43 times)
Pathology
(12 times)
NF1 (10 times)
MPNST (7 times)
EMA (3 times)
1987 Fibroblasts from persons predisposed to cancer are abnormally resistant to 5-azacytidine-induced cytotoxicity.
21  normal fibroblasts
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CAF (14 times)
KF (6 times)
CAFs (5 times)
1981 Excision repair of aflatoxin B1-DNA adducts in human fibroblasts.
22  Nod factor
(38 times)
Botany
(18 times)
IT (4 times)
ACC (2 times)
nfp (2 times)
2002 Structure-function analysis of nod factor-induced root hair calcium spiking in Rhizobium-legume symbiosis.
23  nursing facility
(35 times)
Geriatrics
(9 times)
SNF (5 times)
HCBS (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 Medicare and Medicaid; requirements for long term care facilities--HCFA. Final rule with comment period.
24  non-filtered air
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
CF (20 times)
EDU (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1988 Physiological and growth responses of differentially irrigated cotton to ozone.
25  nanofibrous
(32 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
PLLA (11 times)
ECM (5 times)
SW (5 times)
2006 The effect of surface area on the degradation rate of nano-fibrous poly(L-lactic acid) foams.
26  neutropenic fever
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
ASCT (4 times)
CRP (4 times)
MASCC (3 times)
1996 Retrospective review of gynecologic oncology patients with therapy-induced neutropenic fever.
27  norfloxacin
(32 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
CF (4 times)
DPV (3 times)
TZ (3 times)
1987 PTFE graft treated with silver norfloxacin (AgNF): drug retention and resistance to bacterial challenge.
28  nonfunctioning
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(20 times)
GH (6 times)
CgA (2 times)
MEN1 (2 times)
1993 Immunohistochemical expression of Pit-1 protein in human pituitary adenomas.
29  2-nitrofluorene
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
AAF (13 times)
N-OH-AAF (3 times)
AAAF (2 times)
1984 Mutagenic, cytotoxic, and teratogenic effects of 2-acetylaminofluorene and reactive metabolites in vitro.
30  near-field
(29 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
FF (10 times)
EGMs (5 times)
VF (4 times)
2008 Intensity and phase measurements of asymmetric mode profiles and the transform in the near- to far-field transitions.
31  noise figure
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
DMG (3 times)
PSA (3 times)
SFDR (3 times)
1994 Electronics for a high temperature superconducting receiver system for magnetic resonance microimaging.
32  native ferritin
(28 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
CF (16 times)
GBM (5 times)
HRP (4 times)
1979 Changes in the random distribution of sialic acid at the surface of the myeloid sinusoidal endothelium resulting from the presence of diaphragmed fenestrae.
33  norflurazon
(27 times)
Botany
(12 times)
ABA (4 times)
gun (3 times)
OF (3 times)
1996 Leaf Abscission Induced by Ethylene in Water-Stressed Intact Seedlings of Cleopatra Mandarin Requires Previous Abscisic Acid Accumulation in Roots.
34  normalization factor
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
FA (4 times)
qPCR (3 times)
GAPDH (2 times)
1988 Neutralization of mouse xenotropic virus by lipoproteins involves binding to the virions.
35  nonfunctional
(23 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
PNETs (7 times)
FRalpha (2 times)
MEN1 (2 times)
1987 Sequential antilymphoblast globulin and cyclosporine for renal transplantation.
36  nitrofurazone
(22 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
FZ (4 times)
GABA (2 times)
1,6-DNP (1 time)
1978 Genetics of nitrofurazone resistance in Escherichia coli.
37  neurofascin
(21 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CIDP (5 times)
AIS (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
2003 A study on the immunocytochemical localization of neurofascin in rat sciatic nerve.
38  anti-neurofilament
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
TH (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
1984 [The cells with a transient adrenergic phenotype in the embryonic intestines of rodents are neuronal in nature].
39  neurotrophic factor
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BDNF (4 times)
NGF (3 times)
NT-3 (3 times)
1984 Partial characterization of the neurotrophic factor for maintenance of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase in the preganglionically denervated superior cervical ganglion of the cat in vivo.
40  necrosis factor
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
IL (3 times)
MVD (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
1996 Canventol inhibits HIV-1 replication by Tat-induced Tar-independent mechanism.
41  nerve fibers
(18 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
CGRP (3 times)
SP (3 times)
DP (2 times)
1988 [Regeneration of the rat sciatic nerve after various experimental lesions (morphologic and morphometric analysis)].
42  nuchal fold
(17 times)
Obstetrics
(11 times)
NT (5 times)
AFP (2 times)
CMA (2 times)
2004 Prenatal detection of an interstitial deletion in 4p15 in a fetus with an increased nuchal skin fold measurement.
43  National Formulary
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
USP (2 times)
AOAC (1 time)
COREQ (1 time)
1971 Purification and properties of an polygalacturonic acid trans-eliminase produced by Bacillus pumilus.
44  nanoformulation
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BBB (2 times)
HA (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
1985 New formulation of water and macromolecular flux which corrects for non-ideality: theory and derivation, predictions, and experimental results.
45  neuro-fuzzy
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ANN (3 times)
AI (2 times)
FES (2 times)
2001 Neuro-fuzzy extraction of angular information from muscle afferents for ankle control during standing in paraplegic subjects: an animal model.
46  Nieuwkoop and Faber
(14 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
AR (2 times)
LNG (2 times)
mRNA (2 times)
1982 Polyadenylated mRNAs from various developmental stages of Xenopus laevis. Role of 26 S mRNA.
47  nodulation factor
(14 times)
Botany
(10 times)
AON (1 time)
BR (1 time)
ccd (1 time)
2004 A nonsymbiotic root hair tip growth phenotype in NORK-mutated legumes: implications for nodulation factor-induced signaling and formation of a multifaceted root hair pocket for bacteria.
48  Nieuwkoop-Faber
(13 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
AMA (1 time)
BDE-47 (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
1980 Disruption of optic fibre growth following eye rotation in Xenopus laevis embryos.
49  night float
(13 times)
Education
(3 times)
ACGME (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
1995 Beyond night float? The impact of call structure on internal medicine residents.
50  beta-naphthoflavone
(12 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
PB (5 times)
7-EC (2 times)
AhR (2 times)
1987 Xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme systems in test fish. I. Comparative studies of liver microsomal monooxygenases.
51  natural forest
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PF (6 times)
SOC (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2015 Abundance and Diversity of CO2-Assimilating Bacteria and Algae Within Red Agricultural Soils Are Modulated by Changing Management Practice.
52  negative feedback
(12 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PF (5 times)
MI (3 times)
AC (1 time)
2001 Abstract and concrete self-evaluative goals.
53  non-fatigued
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CFS (5 times)
MS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
2006 Glucocorticoid receptor polymorphisms and haplotypes associated with chronic fatigue syndrome.
54  non-fullerene
(12 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
OSCs (4 times)
PCE (2 times)
PSCs (2 times)
2018 Organic solar cells based on non-fullerene acceptors.
55  number of fibers
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
DTI (3 times)
FA (3 times)
FT (3 times)
2000 The relationship between loci for mating system and fitness-related traits in Mimulus (Scrophulariaceae): a test for deleterious pleiotropy of QTLs with large effects.
56  nifurtimox
(11 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
BZ (5 times)
CD (4 times)
ADRs (2 times)
1989 Effects of trypanocidal drugs on protein biosynthesis in vitro and in vivo by Trypanosoma cruzi.
57  normal human fibroblasts
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CAF (2 times)
b.p (1 time)
BPDE I (1 time)
1982 Excision of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide I adducts from nucleosomal DNA of confluent normal human fibroblasts.
58  nanoflower
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
PL (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
APCVD (1 time)
2004 Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition: an alternative route to large-scale MoS2 and WS2 inorganic fullerene-like nanostructures and nanoflowers.
59  nanofluid
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
NPs (5 times)
4-NP (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2011 Application of silver nanofluid containing oleic acid surfactant in a thermosyphon economizer.
60  nearside-farside
(10 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
LAM (6 times)
DCSs (5 times)
PWS (3 times)
HD + D reaction. -->2006 Theory of time-dependent reactive scattering: cumulative time-evolving differential cross sections and nearside-farside analyses of time-dependent scattering amplitudes for the H + D2 --> HD + D reaction.
61  nitrogen fixation
(10 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DNRA (2 times)
Cc (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2007 Reduced carbon availability to bacteroids and elevated ureides in nodules, but not in shoots, are involved in the nitrogen fixation response to early drought in soybean.
62  non-frail
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PF (4 times)
CI (2 times)
FP (2 times)
2008 The utility of the 6-minute walk test as a measure of frailty in older adults with heart failure.
63  normal-fat diet
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HF (7 times)
HO-1 (2 times)
NQO1 (2 times)
1991 [Promotional effects of high fat diet on chemical carcinogenesis of the prostate].
64  Nuciferine
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
N-NF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
ATG (1 time)
2014 Identification and characterization of potent CYP2D6 inhibitors in lotus leaves.
65  nuclear factor-kappaB
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ROS (3 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
iNOS (2 times)
2006 Inhibitory effect of sesaminol glucosides on lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation and target gene expression in cultured rat astrocytes.
66  fundamental number
(8 times)
Cytogenetics
(4 times)
FISH (3 times)
bFGF (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
1984 The karyotype of the skink, Mabuya blandingi.
67  natural frequency
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
FE (2 times)
BPE (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2002 Natural frequency analysis of periodontal conditions in human anterior teeth.
68  Newfoundland
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
IW (5 times)
LR (5 times)
LEO (4 times)
2000 Major histocompatibility complex phenotypes influence serum testosterone concentration.
69  nitrogen fertilizer
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AD (3 times)
SN (2 times)
BGA (1 time)
2007 Role of blue green algae biofertilizer in ameliorating the nitrogen demand and fly-ash stress to the growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants.
70  norfenfluramine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
FEN (3 times)
AMPH (1 time)
d-F (1 time)
1982 [Activity of fenfluramine in obese subjects. Relation between dosage, plasma concentration of the drug and its effect on weight loss].
71  nucleotide-free
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
Ab (3 times)
KLH (2 times)
Th (2 times)
1985 Dietary nucleotides, a requirement for helper/inducer T lymphocytes.
72  nanoflake
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
NW (2 times)
PEC (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2015 On-chip surface modified nanostructured ZnO as functional pH sensors.
73  non-food
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
BOLD (2 times)
2011 Food's visually perceived fat content affects discrimination speed in an orthogonal spatial task.
74  nonfailing hearts
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
HF (3 times)
AC (2 times)
Ca (2 times)
1996 Comparison of calcium-current in isolated atrial myocytes from failing and nonfailing human hearts.
75  native forest
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BL (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2015 A Fish-Based Index of Biotic Integrity for the Assessment of Streams Located in a Sugarcane-Dominated Landscape in Southeastern Brazil.
76  natriuretic factor
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CRSW (1 time)
Hpr (1 time)
1980 [The "natriuretic factor" in patients with idiopathic edema].
77  natural fermentation
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
IF (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
2003 Fermentation of Vigna sinensis var. carilla flours by natural microflora and Lactobacillus species.
78  nematophagous fungi
(6 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
EPNs (3 times)
BCAs (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2007 Food web responses to augmenting the entomopathogenic nematodes in bare and animal manure-mulched soil.
79  nephritic factor
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
CIC (1 time)
CMCGN (1 time)
1975 Properdin- and nephritic factor-dependent C3 convertases: requirement of native C3 for enzyme formation and the function of bound C3b as properdin receptor.
80  neural fold
(6 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
NP (2 times)
AT-RA (1 time)
ISH (1 time)
1985 Neural induction: embryonic determination elicits full expression of specific neuronal traits.
81  neurologic function
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CT (1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1983 The role of radiation therapy in the palliation of metastatic genitourinary tract carcinomas. A study of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group.
82  nodal failure
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DF (2 times)
2013 Stereotactic body radiation therapy in octogenarians with stage I lung cancer.
83  non-fallers
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
COP (2 times)
AMST (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2002 An investigation of risk factors for fails in elderly people in a Turkish rest home: a pilot study.
84  non-fatal
(6 times)
Virology
(1 time)
Ab-capture ELISA (1 time)
Ag-capture ELISA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1983 Interpretation of blood glutethimide, meprobamate, and methyprylon concentrations in nonfatal and fatal intoxications involving a single drug.
85  non-filtered ambient air
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CF (3 times)
OTCs (1 time)
POD7 (1 time)
1995 Effects of ozone on 14C translocation velocity and growth of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) exposed in open-top chambers.
86  non-forced
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FL (5 times)
FR (5 times)
REA (3 times)
2002 Age effects in dichotic listening to consonant-vowel syllables: interactions with attention.
87  Nong-flavor
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
JF (1 time)
2018 Directly mining a fungal thermostable alpha-amylase from Chinese Nong-flavor liquor starter.
88  normal female
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NM (3 times)
ARC (1 time)
CM (1 time)
1985 Effects of testosterone on ontogeny of urinary behavior in male and female dogs.
89  nuclear foci
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CIN (3 times)
GIN (3 times)
IF (3 times)
2011 Significance of p53-binding protein 1 nuclear foci in uterine cervical lesions: endogenous DNA double strand breaks and genomic instability during carcinogenesis.
90  near fiber
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MU (2 times)
MUP (2 times)
TA (2 times)
2015 Increased motor unit potential shape variability across consecutive motor unit discharges in the tibialis anterior and vastus medialis muscles of healthy older subjects.
91  neck flexion
(5 times)
Movement Disorders
(1 time)
HF (3 times)
CCA (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2013 Clinical factors associated with abnormal postures in Parkinson's disease.
92  neointima formation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
BI (3 times)
FL (3 times)
IA (3 times)
2000 Anti-restenotic effect of copper-62 liquid-filled balloon in porcine coronary arteries: novel use of a short half-life positron emitter.
93  Neuroferritinopathy
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
DRPLA (1 time)
2016 Neuroferritinopathy: Pathophysiology, Presentation, Differential Diagnoses and Management.
94  neurofibrillary
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (4 times)
APOE (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1994 Hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis (Dutch): a model for congophilic plaque formation without neurofibrillary pathology.
95  newly formed
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
MZ (4 times)
FO (3 times)
LPS (2 times)
1995 Identification and kinetics of two recently bone marrow-derived B cell populations in peripheral lymphoid tissues.
96  non-fluoridated
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
ACI (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
RCI (1 time)
1990 Fluoride intake of infants in New Zealand.
97  non-fracture
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
BMD (2 times)
OVF (2 times)
ABI1 (1 time)
1994 Bone density of the calcaneus and fractures in 75- and 80-year-old men and women.
98  non-hyperfunctioning adrenal cortical adenomas
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
APA (2 times)
CS (2 times)
DST (2 times)
1999 The possible role of apoptosis-suppressing genes, bcl-2 and mcl-1/EAT in human adrenal tumors.
99  nonfatigued controls
(5 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ICM (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
2008 Alterations in diurnal salivary cortisol rhythm in a population-based sample of cases with chronic fatigue syndrome.
100  normal feeding
(5 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
OF (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1992 Thermic responses to vegetarian meals and yoga exercise.