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Abbreviation: NOS
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Long forms: 198

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nitric oxide synthase
(9193 times)
Neurology
(1299 times)
NO (3279 times)
L-NAME (910 times)
iNOS (771 times)
1991 Widespread tissue distribution, species distribution and changes in activity of Ca(2+)-dependent and Ca(2+)-independent nitric oxide synthases.
Newcastle-Ottawa Scale
(682 times)
Medicine
(103 times)
CI (119 times)
OR (93 times)
RR (57 times)
2009 Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer.
NO-synthase
(144 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
NO (102 times)
L-NAME (19 times)
iNOS (14 times)
1993 Cytokines, endotoxin, and glucocorticoids regulate the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in hepatocytes.
Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale
(74 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
OR (13 times)
CI (12 times)
CIs (7 times)
2012 Steroidal contraceptives and bone fractures in women: evidence from observational studies.
non-selective NO synthase
(58 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
NO (48 times)
L-NAME (17 times)
nNOS (13 times)
1996 Nitric oxide inhibitors attenuate ischemic degeneration in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices.
not-otherwise-specified
(57 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
PTCL (8 times)
AITL (6 times)
1987 A morphologic study of childhood lymphoma of the undifferentiated type. The Pediatric Oncology Group experience.
nitric oxide synthase activity
(27 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
NO (9 times)
L-NAME (6 times)
cGMP (4 times)
1995 The inter-relationship between polyamines and the L-arginine nitric oxide pathway in the human placenta.
natural orifice surgery
(17 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
TED (3 times)
NESA (2 times)
LC (1 time)
2007 [The natural orifice surgery concept. Vision and rationale for a paradigm shift].
non-specific NO synthase
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
NO (16 times)
7-NI (5 times)
L-NAME (5 times)
1997 Neuronal NO promotes cerebral cortical hyperemia during cortical spreading depression in rabbits.
10  neurological optimality score
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
MND (4 times)
CI (2 times)
HIE (2 times)
1990 Neurological status, sleep apnea frequency and blood oxygenation in six weeks old infants.
11  non-selective inhibitor of NO synthase
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
NO (12 times)
L-NAME (7 times)
iNOS (4 times)
1999 Evidence that nitric oxide stimulates feeding in the marsupial Sminthopsis crassicaudata.
12  number of spikes
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SSR (2 times)
6MWD (1 time)
ADCC (1 time)
1998 Analysis of primate IBN spike trains using system identification techniques. II. Relationship to gaze, eye, and head movement dynamics during head-free gaze shifts.
13  nature of science
(10 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
NOSI-E (2 times)
VNOS-C (2 times)
CPD (1 time)
2009 Turning Crisis into Opportunity: Nature of Science and Scientific Inquiry as Illustrated in the Scientific Research on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.
14  noscapine
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MOR (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
6-AM (1 time)
2004 Validated assay for the determination of markers of illicit heroin in urine samples for the control of patients in a heroin prescription program.
15  National Osteoporosis Society
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
CIOP (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2002 Osteoporosis prophylaxis during corticosteroid treatment: failure to prescribe.
16  nNOS and eNOS
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NO (7 times)
eNOS (5 times)
iNOS (4 times)
2004 Nitric oxide in health and disease of the respiratory system.
17  Newcastle-Ottawa
(8 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
OR (2 times)
AVN (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2011 Reliability and validity of three quality rating instruments for systematic reviews of observational studies.
18  Newcastle-Ottawa quality score
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ORs (4 times)
ALP (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
2018 The relation of passive smoking with cervical cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
19  Nosiheptide
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MIA (3 times)
Dha (1 time)
DMIA (1 time)
2009 Nosiheptide biosynthesis featuring a unique indole side ring formation on the characteristic thiopeptide framework.
20  nucleolar targeting signal
(7 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BSA (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1989 Nucleolar targeting signal of human T-cell leukemia virus type I rex-encoded protein is essential for cytoplasmic accumulation of unspliced viral mRNA.
21  neoplasms not otherwise specified
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CSv1 (1 time)
DLK (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2000 Composite dendritic cell neoplasm (NOS) and small lymphocytic lymphoma.
22  nitrous oxide
(5 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
NiR (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
1997 Effects of electro-acupuncture on 5-HT, NOS and the gastric mucosa of stress rats.
23  Nottingham Onset Schedule
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
DUP (4 times)
DUI (1 time)
FIPS (1 time)
2005 Determining the chronology and components of psychosis onset: The Nottingham Onset Schedule (NOS).
24  number of streamlines
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
FA (2 times)
AUCs (1 time)
2017 Research of Hubs Location Method for Weighted Brain Network Based on NoS-FA.
25  adenocarcinoma-not otherwise specified
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
SMG (1 time)
2011 Bacteriology of deep neck abscesses: a retrospective review of 96 consecutive cases.
26  L-arginine-NO synthase
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
NO (3 times)
DETC (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2001 In vivo on-line detection of no distribution in endotoxin-treated mice by l-band ESR.
27  neurons containing NO synthase
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
NO (4 times)
NMDA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1994 Sparing of NADPH-diaphorase striatal neurons in Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases.
28  new onset seizures
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CSF (2 times)
CT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2002 New onset seizures in HIV-infected patients without intracranial mass lesions or meningitis--a clinical, radiological and SPECT scan study.
29  nNOS, iNOS, and eNOS
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NO (3 times)
3-NT (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1996 [Pulmonary nitric oxide synthase isoform expression and their functional significance].
30  non-organic signs
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CS (2 times)
CBP (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
2003 Clinical and psychofunctional measures of conservative decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis: a prospective cohort study.
31  receptor-nitric oxide synthase
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NMDA (3 times)
PD (2 times)
BGS (1 time)
2000 Ethanol neurobehavioral teratogenesis and the role of the hippocampal glutamate-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-nitric oxide synthase system.
32  virilization; Ovarian steroid cell tumor, not otherwise specified
(4 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
BEP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
2010 Clinical, ultrasonographic, computed tomography and histopathological manifestations of ovarian steroid cell tumour, not otherwise specified: our experience of a rare case with female virilisation and review of the literature.
33  NADPH-diaphorase
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
HNS (1 time)
SC (1 time)
1993 NADPH-diaphorase (NOS) is induced in pyramidal neurones of hippocampal slices.
34  neighborhood open space
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
QoL (1 time)
SOPARC (1 time)
2019 Associations between Neighborhood Open Space Features and Walking and Social Interaction in Older Adults-A Mixed Methods Study.
35  new oral spirochete
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
aOTI (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
1993 A successful method for quantifying viable oral anaerobic spirochetes.
36  Nigerooligosaccharides
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Con A (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-12 (1 time)
1999 Immunopotentiating activity of nigerooligosaccharides for the T helper 1-like immune response in mice.
37  Nitric oxide (.NO) synthase
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
NAME (1 time)
1991 On the substrate specificity of nitric oxide synthase.
38  nitric oxide scavenging
(3 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
HRS (1 time)
2004 Protective effect of interleukin-1beta on motor neurons after sciatic nerve injury in rats.
39  Nitro-oxidative stress
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
DPN (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
2013 Accelerated aging in major depression: the role of nitro-oxidative stress.
40  nitrous oxide sedation
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
IVS (2 times)
SCL-90 (2 times)
1999 Treatment modalities in a dental fear clinic and the relation with general psychopathology and oral health variables.
41  non-obstructed smokers
(3 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
COPD (3 times)
NS (3 times)
ATP (1 time)
2017 Vascular disease in COPD: Systemic and pulmonary expression of PARC (Pulmonary and Activation-Regulated Chemokine).
42  non-organ-specific
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
OS (3 times)
BNF (2 times)
CYP1A (2 times)
1987 Organ-specific autoantibodies in non-organ-specific autoimmune diseases with special reference to rheumatoid arthritis.
43  nopaline synthase terminator
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
GM (2 times)
CaMV (1 time)
CaMV35S (1 time)
2006 Detection of genetic modification in cured tobacco leaf: proficiency testing using polymerase chain reaction-based methods.
44  pan-NO synthase
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
NO (3 times)
eNOS (1 time)
Gi (1 time)
1998 Pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins influence nitric oxide synthase III activity and protein levels in rat heart.
45  nadir oxyhemoglobin saturation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
AHI (2 times)
OSA (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2017 Upper airway stimulation therapy and prior airway surgery for obstructive sleep apnea.
46  natural oyster shell
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CNOS (1 time)
COS (1 time)
2016 First study on oyster-shell-based phosphorous removal in saltwater - A proxy to effluent bioremediation of marine aquaculture.
47  Neuro-Ophthalmic Supplement
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
NEI-VFQ (2 times)
OCT (1 time)
PKCgamma (1 time)
2015 Vision related quality of life in spinocerebellar ataxia.
48  neurons, NO synthase
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
bFGF (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
NADPHd (1 time)
1993 Peptide growth factors protect against ischemia in culture by preventing nitric oxide toxicity.
49  Newcastle-Ottawa Assessment Scale
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OK (1 time)
PRISMA (1 time)
2014 Association between HTR2C gene variants and suicidal behaviour: a protocol for the systematic review and meta-analysis of genetic studies.
50  Newcastle-Ottawa Scale case control study
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CNKI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2016 TLR4 polymorphism and periodontitis susceptibility: A meta-analysis.
51  Newcastle-Ottawa scoring system
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
BB (1 time)
2015 Systematic review of anastomotic complications of esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopic total gastrectomy.
52  nitric oxidase
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2002 Effects of spiramine T on antioxidant enzymatic activities and nitric oxide production in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion gerbils.
53  nitric oxide species
(2 times)
Oxidative Stress
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
KC (1 time)
KCs (1 time)
2013 Hyperacute rejection in the xenogenic transplanted rat liver is triggered by the complement system only in the presence of leukocytes and free radical species.
54  nitric oxide synthase enzyme protein
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
NO (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
1997 Androgenic regulation of NO availability in rat penile erection.
55  nitric oxygenase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2004 Interaction between endogenous nitric oxide and carbon monoxide in the pathogenesis of recurrent febrile seizures.
56  nitrogen reactive species
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2016 Testosterone Protects Mitochondrial Function and Regulates Neuroglobin Expression in Astrocytic Cells Exposed to Glucose Deprivation.
57  non-operated side
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BMPs (1 time)
COV (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 Mechanical evaluation of mandibular defects reconstructed using osteogenic protein-1 (rhOP-1) in a sheep model: a critical analysis.
58  nonspecific osteomyelitis of the spine
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2005 [Assessment of the immuological status in patients with nonspecific spinal osteomyelitis].
59  number of diaphorase
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
PVN (2 times)
HF (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1998 Altered number of diaphorase (NOS) positive neurons in the hypothalamus of rats with heart failure.
60  number of segments
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AGSC (1 time)
BEVs (1 time)
DMPO (1 time)
2016 An empirical method for automatic determination of maximum number of segments in DMPO-based IMRT for Head and Neck cases.
61  5'-nucleotidase and NO synthase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2000 Adenosine and nitric oxide in exercise-induced human skeletal muscle vasodilatation.
62  action of several types of NO synthase
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
ppb (1 time)
1996 The effect of alcohol ingestion on exhaled nitric oxide.
63  co-localization of specific NO synthase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2011 Regulation of cardiovascular cellular processes by S-nitrosylation.
64  diagnosis of salivary acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
ACNOS (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2003 Differential diagnosis of salivary acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma (NOS). A comparison of (immuno-)histochemical markers.
65  diagnosis ovarian steroid cell tumor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Accessory ovarian steroid cell tumor producing testosterone and cortisol: A case report.
66  disorders--not otherwise specified
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Strategies and tactics in the treatment of chronic depression.
67  enzyme--NO synthase
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1999 [The synthesis and effects of nitric oxide at the retinal level].
68  enzymes-nitric oxide synthases
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
1997 Intracellular localization of inducible nitric oxide synthase in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes in culture.
69  expansion of subthreshold
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2014 Trends in subthreshold psychiatric diagnoses for youth in community treatment.
70  high-output NO synthase
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
2000 Contribution of caveolin protein abundance to augmented nitric oxide signaling in conscious dogs with pacing-induced heart failure.
71  induction of spinal LTP, NO synthase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADPRT (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2006 Different roles of two nitric oxide activated pathways in spinal long-term potentiation of C-fiber-evoked field potentials.
72  L-NAME, which blocks the enzyme
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
1995 The role of nitric oxide in the central control of blood pressure.
73  maturing oocytes, SW triggered AMPK deactivation, NO synthase
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
GVBD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2011 Inhibition of germinal vesicle breakdown by antioxidants and the roles of signaling pathways related to nitric oxide and cGMP during meiotic resumption in oocytes of a marine worm.
74  N(G)-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester, an NO synthase
(1 time)
Pigmentation
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2008 Participation of nitric oxide in the color change induced by UV radiation in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus.
75  N. ceranae spores and fed with sugar syrup
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2015 Effect of dietary supplementation of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains in Apis mellifera L. against Nosema ceranae.
76  NADPH-oxidase and NO synthase
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DMPO (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1995 Osteoclast radical interactions: NADPH causes pulsatile release of NO and stimulates superoxide production.
77  naked oat starch
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
eGI (1 time)
NOF (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
2019 Non-starch constituents influence the in vitro digestibility of naked oat (Avena nuda L.) starch.
78  naked oats seedling
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
HBS (1 time)
2020 Comparative study on the bioactive components and in vitro biological activities of three green seedlings.
79  Name-of-Substance
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2004 A simple and practical dictionary-based approach for identification of proteins in Medline abstracts.
80  Naso-oropharyngeal swabs
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
NPA (1 time)
2021 Comparison of nasopharyngeal samples for SARS-CoV-2 detection in a paediatric cohort.
81  NasOral-System
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 [The practicability, patient comfort and efficiency of the pre-oxygenation device NasOral].
82  National Organic Chemistry Symposium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ORGN (1 time)
2013 Profiles in chemistry: a historical perspective on the national organic symposium.
83  natural orifices
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Minimal invasive transvaginal right hemicolectomy: report of the first complex NOS (natural orifice surgery) bowels operation using a hybrid approach].
84  ND findings suggestive of a papillary lesion
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
2004 The role of nipple discharge cytology in the diagnosis of breast disease: a study of 1948 nipple discharge smears from 1530 patients.
85  NE markers in carcinoma of the usual type
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
2000 Expression of the neuroendocrine phenotype in carcinomas of the breast.
86  near-infrared optical system
(1 time)
--- 2016 Tracking multiple surgical instruments in a near-infrared optical system.
87  neck-shoulder symptoms
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
PT (1 time)
SD, 3.8 (1 time)
1993 Manual palpation and pain threshold in female office employees with and without neck-shoulder symptoms.
88  neonatal opiate solution
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
NASS (1 time)
2007 Sequela of preterm versus term infants born to mothers on a methadone maintenance program: differential course of neonatal abstinence syndrome.
89  neoplasm
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
EMA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2000 Composite dendritic cell neoplasm (NOS) and small lymphocytic lymphoma.
90  nervous system embryonal tumor
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CNS PNETs (1 time)
2017 The case for DNA methylation based molecular profiling to improve diagnostic accuracy for central nervous system embryonal tumors (not otherwise specified) in adults.
91  nervous system NO synthase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
HU (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
2005 Hindlimb unloading alters nitric oxide and autonomic control of resting arterial pressure in conscious rats.
92  Network Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MSPSS (1 time)
1995 Psychometric properties of the MSPSS and NOS in psychiatric outpatients.
93  neuro-optic structures
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2021 Loosening Neuro-Optic Structures Dosimetric Constraints Provides High 5-Year Local Recurrence-Free Survival With Acceptable Toxicity in T4 Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients Treated With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy.
94  neuro-orthopaedic syndromes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCM (2 times)
2001 Split cord malformation (scm) in paediatric patients: outcome of 19 cases.
95  neuroblastoma cells, NO synthase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2003 Regulation of neuronal proliferation and differentiation by nitric oxide.
96  neurofibromatosis, Not Otherwise Specified
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ICD (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
SEER (1 time)
2019 Characteristics and Outcomes of Pediatric Vestibular Schwannomas.
97  neuromuscular stimulation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
1995 Relative changes in blood flow with functional electrical stimulation during exercise of the paralyzed lower limbs.
98  neurons by constitutive NO synthase
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
L-ANA (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1996 [Voltametric detection of cerebral NO in rats. Variations of the signal throughout the sleep-wakefulness cycle].
99  neurons express NO synthase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2015 Cell-specific regulation of neuronal activity by endogenous production of nitric oxide.
100  neurons that contain NO synthase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AVT (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1997 Nitric oxide synthase in learning-relevant nuclei of the chick brain: morphology, distribution, and relation to transmitter phenotypes.