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Abbreviation: NP
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Long forms: 1319

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nanoparticle
(3547 times)
Nanotechnology
(690 times)
PLGA (111 times)
TEM (77 times)
PEG (74 times)
1992 Phagocytosis of nanoparticles by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected macrophages: a possibility for antiviral drug targeting.
nucleus pulposus
(1860 times)
Orthopedics
(416 times)
IVD (595 times)
AF (413 times)
IDD (314 times)
1975 The composition and protein metabolism in the immature rabbit intervertebral disc.
nucleoprotein
(1538 times)
Virology
(591 times)
HA (225 times)
NA (102 times)
CTL (96 times)
1970 Developmental sequence and intracellular sites of synthesis of three structural protein antigens of influenza A2 virus.
nonylphenol
(1264 times)
Environmental Health
(664 times)
BPA (306 times)
OP (229 times)
EDCs (150 times)
1987 Determination of linear alkylbenzenesulphonates, alkylphenol polyethoxylates and nonylphenol in waste water by high-performance liquid chromatography after enrichment on octadecylsilica.
nurse practitioner
(914 times)
Nursing
(477 times)
PA (60 times)
ED (27 times)
CNS (25 times)
1977 Professional productivity and quality assurance phases II-V.
neuropathic pain
(790 times)
Neurology
(271 times)
CCI (111 times)
SCI (111 times)
SNL (36 times)
1998 Intrathecal morphine pump as a treatment option in chronic pain of nonmalignant origin.
nasopharyngeal
(596 times)
Communicable Diseases
(129 times)
OP (60 times)
RT-PCR (56 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (51 times)
1975 The removal of particles from the nasopharyngeal (NP) compartment of the respiratory tract by nose blowing and swabbing.
nasal polyposis
(521 times)
Otolaryngology
(225 times)
CRS (109 times)
CRSwNP (61 times)
IL (34 times)
1986 Significance of lysosomal proteases; cathepsins B and H in maxillary mucosa and nasal polyp with non-atopic chronic inflammation.
neuropsychological
(402 times)
Neurology
(192 times)
MS (33 times)
MRI (28 times)
HAND (22 times)
1981 Neuropsychologic outcome after open-heart surgery.
10  natriuretic peptide
(387 times)
Cardiology
(103 times)
BNP (99 times)
ANP (80 times)
HF (75 times)
1992 Identification of "B" receptor for natriuretic peptide in human kidney.
11  nucleocapsid protein
(332 times)
Virology
(126 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (32 times)
COVID-19 (27 times)
mAbs (27 times)
1980 Structural polypeptides of canine distemper virus.
12  nonpregnant
(244 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(59 times)
LP (19 times)
PE (19 times)
NO (12 times)
1976 Various bilirubin conjugates in pregnant and nonpregnant rats with and without phenobarbital treatment.
13  nitroprusside
(238 times)
Physiology
(54 times)
NO (52 times)
ACh (32 times)
NE (28 times)
1975 Vasodilator therapy in acute myocardial infarction. A comparison of sodium nitroprusside and nitroglycerin.
14  normal pregnant
(211 times)
Obstetrics
(42 times)
PE (79 times)
RUPP (34 times)
MAP (22 times)
1979 Abnormal steroid sulfate in plasma of women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.
15  neck pain
(192 times)
Orthopedics
(53 times)
LBP (51 times)
NDI (23 times)
CI (13 times)
1997 Psychiatric symptoms in preadolescents with musculoskeletal pain and fibromyalgia.
16  neuropsychiatric
(188 times)
Rheumatology
(87 times)
SLE (127 times)
NPSLE (21 times)
ACR (18 times)
1983 Serum lymphocytotoxic antibodies in neuropsychiatric lupus: a serial study.
17  nosocomial pneumonia
(154 times)
Communicable Diseases
(31 times)
MRSA (21 times)
ICU (17 times)
VAP (17 times)
1988 Nosocomial pneumonia. A multivariate analysis of risk and prognosis.
18  4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl acetyl
(126 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(88 times)
GC (8 times)
Ig (5 times)
AID (4 times)
1974 Inheritance of antibody specificity. I. Anti-(4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)acetyl of the mouse primary response.
19  natural product
(114 times)
Chemistry
(33 times)
BGCs (11 times)
MS (4 times)
PNPs (4 times)
2007 A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948-2001.
20  normal-phase
(108 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(71 times)
RP (57 times)
HPLC (17 times)
CSPs (12 times)
1987 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of glucuronic acid conjugates after derivatization with 4-bromomethyl-7-methoxycoumarin.
21  normal protein
(103 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(49 times)
HP (54 times)
LP (46 times)
BS (4 times)
1985 Effect of a high-protein-low-carbohydrate diet on toxicity and antitumor activity of 5-fluorouracil in mice.
22  negative priming
(99 times)
Psychology
(59 times)
PP (7 times)
ERPs (6 times)
RT (6 times)
1994 Negative priming for spatial locations: identity mismatching, not distractor inhibition.
23  4-nitrophenol
(89 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
DNP (8 times)
NB (8 times)
AP (5 times)
1979 [Interaction of p-nitrophenylphosphate with Na+,K+-ATPase].
24  nasopharynx
(89 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(17 times)
AOM (14 times)
NPC (12 times)
MEF (10 times)
1982 Do pili play a role in pathogenicity of Haemophilus influenzae type B?
25  nocturnal polyuria
(84 times)
Urology
(49 times)
LUTS (14 times)
NPI (11 times)
NUP (8 times)
1999 Role of atrial natriuretic peptide in nocturnal polyuria in elderly males.
26  neurophysin
(82 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
VP (12 times)
OT (10 times)
VEGF (10 times)
1976 Electron microscopic immunohistochemical localization of vasopressin and neurophysin in the median eminence of normal and adrenalectomized rats.
27  neuritic plaques
(81 times)
Neurology
(55 times)
NFT (59 times)
AD (56 times)
CAA (6 times)
1987 Laminar and regional distributions of neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease: a quantitative study of visual and auditory cortices.
28  nucleocapsid
(81 times)
Virology
(43 times)
HN (13 times)
RBD (9 times)
NDV (8 times)
1982 Expression of five viral antigens in cells infected with wild-type and SSPE strains of measles virus: correlation with cytopathic effects and productivity of infections.
29  alcohol-nonpreferring
(78 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(46 times)
HAD (16 times)
LAD (16 times)
NPY (7 times)
1983 Initial sensitivity and acute tolerance to ethanol in the P and NP lines of rats.
30  necrotizing pancreatitis
(74 times)
General Surgery
(37 times)
AP (10 times)
CI (6 times)
CT (5 times)
1987 Sepsis indicators in acute pancreatitis.
31  noun phrase
(59 times)
Psychology
(31 times)
VP (7 times)
ERP (3 times)
fMRI (3 times)
1987 Domain-final lengthening and foot-level shortening in spoken English.
32  nucleoside phosphorylase
(52 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
ADA (7 times)
MPI (5 times)
ALP (3 times)
1975 Nucleoside-phosphorylase deficiency in a child with severely defective T-cell immunity and normal B-cell immunity.
33  neopterin
(51 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
BP (6 times)
CRP (6 times)
PCT (6 times)
1990 Simultaneous determination of GTP cyclohydrolase activity and biopterin content in pheochromocytoma PC12h cells.
34  nanoporous
(50 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
NT (5 times)
EC (3 times)
LED (3 times)
1999 Rapid profiling of induced proteins in bacteria using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric detection of nonporous RP HPLC-separated whole cell lysates.
35  neural progenitor
(50 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
eNP (4 times)
NSC (4 times)
bFGF (3 times)
2000 Three to four-year-old nonpassaged EGF-responsive neural progenitor cells: proliferation, apoptosis, and DNA repair.
36  nonpreferring
(50 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(24 times)
AA (4 times)
HAD (4 times)
LAD (4 times)
1990 Genetic approaches to studying drug abuse: correlates of drug self-administration.
37  normal prostate
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
BPH (29 times)
PCa (15 times)
PC (10 times)
1990 Rapid nongenomic inhibition of renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1-hydroxylase by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
38  nondeterministic polynomial time
(46 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
GA (3 times)
CIM (2 times)
IoT (2 times)
2001 Discovering patterns in microarray data.
39  necrotizing pneumonia
(40 times)
Pediatrics
(18 times)
CT (6 times)
CAP (4 times)
PPE (4 times)
2000 Necrotising pneumonitis in children.
40  nanoplastics
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
MP (15 times)
PS (6 times)
MNP (2 times)
2003 Nucleoside transporter profiles in human pancreatic cancer cells: role of hCNT1 in 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine- induced cytotoxicity.
41  nephrographic phase
(32 times)
Radiology
(13 times)
CMP (23 times)
ccRCC (12 times)
CT (12 times)
1995 Renal masses: assessment of corticomedullary-phase and nephrographic-phase CT scans.
42  naphthalene
(30 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
Bz (4 times)
Py (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1986 Regioselectivity in rat microsomal metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene: evidence for involvement of two distinct binding sites.
43  neck pressure
(28 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
NS (18 times)
MAP (17 times)
HR (16 times)
1985 Relative contribution of aortic and carotid baroreflexes to heart rate control in man during steady state and dynamic increases in arterial pressure.
44  neuropathic
(28 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DM (3 times)
HC (2 times)
NNP (2 times)
1990 Mast cells in human polyneuropathies: their density and regional distribution.
45  neuropeptide
(27 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SP (6 times)
VIP (6 times)
CGRP (4 times)
1985 [Radioautographic localization of neuropeptide receptors in the central nervous system].
46  normal pancreas
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
CP (16 times)
AIP (6 times)
PDAC (5 times)
1993 Diagnostic significance of cancer-associated carbohydrate antigen (CA19-9) concentrations in pancreatic juice: analysis in pure pancreatic juice collected by endoscopic aspiration and immunohistochemical study in chronic pancreatitis.
47  Notalgia paresthetica
(26 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
VAS (4 times)
BRP (2 times)
MEN 2A (2 times)
1992 [Cutaneous lesion associated with multiple endocrine neoplasms type 2A (Sipple's syndrome). An early clinical marker].
48  1-nitropyrene
(25 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
AP (5 times)
NF (3 times)
AAF (2 times)
1982 Acute and genetic toxicity of 1-nitropyrene and its fate after single oral doses to rats.
49  nonprogressors
(25 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
AIS (3 times)
APC (3 times)
ART (3 times)
1993 Longitudinal analysis of the humoral immune response to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp160 epitopes in rapidly progressing and nonprogressing HIV-1-infected subjects.
50  Norwood procedure
(25 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
HLHS (10 times)
RV-PA (7 times)
S2P (3 times)
2000 Venous saturation and the anaerobic threshold in neonates after the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
51  National Park
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
25YEP (1 time)
AAT (1 time)
ACAD (1 time)
2003 Immigration: a potential time bomb under the Integration of Conservation and Development.
52  neutral protease
(23 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
IEQ (3 times)
AP (2 times)
BG (2 times)
1978 Release of lysosomal enzymes from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes by soluble intermediate immune complexes.
53  nitrogen and phosphorus
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
GC (2 times)
TP (2 times)
AMF (1 time)
1986 Quantitation of phencyclidine, its metabolites, and derivatives by gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection: application for in vivo and in vitro biotransformation studies.
54  nutrient profiling
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
NRF (2 times)
ANPS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2011 A genetic perspective on nutritional profiles: do we still need them?
55  network pharmacology
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
TCM (4 times)
KEGG (3 times)
MD (3 times)
2012 Network pharmacology of glioblastoma.
56  naproxen
(20 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
NSAIDs (6 times)
KP (3 times)
NSAID (3 times)
1996 Effects of the combined oral administration of NSAIDs and dextromethorphan on behavioral symptoms indicative of arthritic pain in rats.
57  nonparametric
(20 times)
Statistics as Topic
(3 times)
LOD (3 times)
ML (2 times)
PK (2 times)
1985 Nonparametric methods. Clinical applications.
58  nanopillar
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
PEC (2 times)
3D DLW (1 time)
CINA (1 time)
2012 Fine-tuning the degree of stem cell polarization and alignment on ordered arrays of high-aspect-ratio nanopillars.
59  nasopharyngeal swabs
(19 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
PFGE (3 times)
BAL (2 times)
2003 Nasopharyngeal carriage of anaerobes during health and acute otitis media by two years of age.
60  nifedipine
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
DSC (4 times)
MDR (3 times)
Er (2 times)
1988 Effects of penetration enhancers on percutaneous absorption of nifedipine. Comparison between Deet and Azone.
61  normal plasma
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
APTT (7 times)
LA (5 times)
KCT (3 times)
1986 Stimulating effect of intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL) from hyperlipemic plasma on hepatic lipase.
62  nulliparous
(19 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MP (6 times)
PP (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
2002 Labor in the grand multipara.
63  neutral position
(18 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(3 times)
AP (2 times)
DF (2 times)
LT (2 times)
2007 In vivo glenohumeral analysis using 3D MRI models and a flexible software tool: feasibility and precision.
64  nasal pressure
(17 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AHI (3 times)
LDH (3 times)
LP (3 times)
1997 Possible regulation of intracranial pressure by human atrial natriuretic peptide in cerebrospinal fluid.
65  Nernst-Planck
(17 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
LEMC (4 times)
PNP (4 times)
FEM (2 times)
1999 Mechanistic aspects of iontophoresis in human epidermal membrane.
66  non-pregnant women
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PE (8 times)
NT (4 times)
HP (3 times)
1992 Substrate and endocrine responses during exercise at selected stages of pregnancy.
67  nonpulsatile
(17 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
CPB (7 times)
PP (5 times)
CABG (2 times)
1979 Effect of pulseless perfusion on gastrointestinal blood flow and its distribution.
68  nonperiodized
(16 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
DUP (6 times)
RT (6 times)
LP (4 times)
2009 Comparison between different off-season resistance training programs in Division III American college football players.
69  normotensive pregnancy
(16 times)
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
(3 times)
PE (12 times)
GH (5 times)
HP (3 times)
2012 Epistasis among eNOS, MMP-9 and VEGF maternal genotypes in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
70  Nucleoplasmin
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CP (2 times)
NLS (2 times)
NM (2 times)
1987 The effects of postoperative factors on serum thyroid hormones and rat liver nuclear 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine receptor concentrations in surgical models of uremia and regenerating liver.
71  nicotine patch
(15 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
PP (2 times)
CAN (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
2003 Gender differences in quit rates following smoking cessation with combination nicotine therapy: influence of baseline smoking behavior.
72  normal protein diet
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
LP (10 times)
HP (5 times)
IUGR (2 times)
1989 Renal and systemic effects of short-term high protein feeding in normal rats.
73  nuclear perimeter
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NA (12 times)
ND (5 times)
OSCC (4 times)
1992 Nuclear morphometry and its prognostic significance in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas.
74  nasal passages
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
NALT (8 times)
OP (4 times)
sp (3 times)
1984 The design and the role of the nasal passages in temperature regulation in the dik-dik antelope (Rhynchotragus kirkii) with observations on the carotid rete.
75  negative pressure
(14 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
NPWT (2 times)
PP (2 times)
UA (2 times)
1996 Negative pressure-induced deformation of the upper airway causes central apnea in awake and sleeping dogs.
76  neural precursor
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DA (5 times)
hES (3 times)
PSCs (2 times)
2005 A role for CXCR4 signaling in survival and migration of neural and oligodendrocyte precursors.
77  non-phosphorylated
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ED (2 times)
MARCKS (2 times)
WT (2 times)
1987 Differential distribution of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated neurofilaments within the retina and optic nerve of hamsters.
78  nonproducer
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BrdU (3 times)
Ki-MSV (2 times)
ASV (1 time)
1973 Mutants of nonproducer cell lines transformed by murine sarcoma virus. II. Relationship of tumorigenicity to presence of viral markers and rescuable sarcoma genome.
79  non-periodontitis
(13 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AgP (4 times)
CP (4 times)
IgG2 (3 times)
1994 Serum immunoglobulin G subclass concentrations in periodontally healthy and diseased individuals.
80  number of patches
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
PLAND (6 times)
LPI (5 times)
PD (4 times)
2008 Importance of over-dominance as the genetic basis of heterosis in rice.
81  polymer-nanoparticle
(13 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
PNCs (2 times)
HNP (1 time)
I-N (1 time)
2010 Stability and dewetting of metal nanoparticle filled thin polymer films: control of instability length scale and dynamics.
82  natural photoperiod
(12 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SP (3 times)
11-KT (2 times)
LD (2 times)
1992 Importance of photoperiods in determining temporal pattern of annual testicular events in rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri).
83  neural plate
(12 times)
Embryology
(6 times)
NC (3 times)
NF (2 times)
CNTs (1 time)
1985 Neural induction: embryonic determination elicits full expression of specific neuronal traits.
84  node-positive
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
NN (10 times)
BCa (2 times)
DTH (2 times)
2001 Adjuvant high-dose medroxyprogesterone acetate for early breast cancer: 13 years update in a multicentre randomized trial.
85  nedaplatin
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NSCLC (5 times)
TRT (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2005 Phase II study of nedaplatin and irinotecan for elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
86  negative patterning
(11 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
PP (5 times)
PER (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
2000 The influence of associability changes in negative patterning and other discriminations.
87  nocturnal panic
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
PD (4 times)
DP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1995 Expectations about arousal and nocturnal panic.
88  nonapeptide
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PRP (5 times)
BChE (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1981 Genetic control of autoimmune encephalomyelitis and recognition of the critical nonapeptide moiety of myelin basic protein in guinea pigs are exerted through interaction of lymphocytes and macrophages.
89  nonpathogenic
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
A1-A12 (1 time)
ALA (1 time)
BAEC (1 time)
1979 Experimental infection of calves, piglets and lambs with mixtures of invasive and enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli.
90  normal population
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
DS (3 times)
HRQL (3 times)
LSS (3 times)
1992 Level of disrupted peer relations and poor self-esteem in children with behavior problems and the effectiveness of day treatment.
91  nasal prongs
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
FM (3 times)
NC (2 times)
SAHS (2 times)
1989 Improvement of oxygen delivery in severe hypoxaemia by a reservoir cannula.
92  Neotropical primates
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2012 Chronology of deep nodes in the neotropical primate phylogeny: insights from mitochondrial genomes.
93  neuropsychological performance
(10 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(5 times)
ART (2 times)
cART (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2012 The Impact of Depressive Symptoms on Neuropsychological Performance Tests in HIV-Infected Individuals: A Study of the Hawaii Aging with HIV Cohort.
94  Niemann-Pick
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ASM (2 times)
ABG (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
1983 Deficiency of phospholipase C acting on phosphatidylglycerol in Niemann-Pick disease.
95  non-protein
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
TRS (4 times)
PSH (3 times)
PTZ (2 times)
1978 The effects of dietary nitrogen level on the collagen of rat skin.
96  normal P
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
HP (2 times)
LP (2 times)
aa (1 time)
2004 The ability of laying hens to regulate phosphorus intake when offered two feeds containing different levels of phosphorus.
97  normal pituitary
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
CD (2 times)
NFPAs (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1998 DNA methylation regulates p27kip1 expression in rodent pituitary cell lines.
98  normal pregnant women
(10 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
HP (2 times)
PE (2 times)
PIH (2 times)
1985 Urinary kallikrein in normal pregnancy, pregnancy with hypertension, and toxemia.
99  norpropoxyphene
(10 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
DP (6 times)
CL (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
1977 Determination of dextropropoxyphene and norpropoxyphene in autopsy material.
100  1-nitropropane
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
NE (4 times)
AAF (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1995 Evaluation studies on the in vitro rat hepatocyte micronucleus assay.