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Abbreviation: NPR
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Long forms: 145

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
natriuretic peptide receptor
(135 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
ANP (61 times)
CNP (48 times)
BNP (23 times)
1993 Differential regulation of natriuretic peptide receptor messenger RNAs during the development of cardiac hypertrophy in the rat.
National Patient Register
(131 times)
Epidemiology
(17 times)
CI (15 times)
PPV (13 times)
IBD (9 times)
2002 Thirty-day postoperative mortality after hysterectomy in women with liver cirrhosis: a Danish population-based cohort study.
net protein ratio
(77 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(51 times)
PER (44 times)
NPU (15 times)
RNPR (10 times)
1977 Amino acid fortification of wheat diets fed at varying levels of energy intake to rats.
Norwegian Patient Registry
(47 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CI (6 times)
NAR (3 times)
NorPD (3 times)
2005 Quality of data reported on abdominal aortic aneurysm repair--a comparison between a national vascular and a national administrative registry.
negative Poisson's ratio
(42 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
NLC (5 times)
DFT (3 times)
PPR (3 times)
2012 Spatial tuning of negative and positive Poisson's ratio in a multi-layer scaffold.
nonlinear polarization rotation
(34 times)
Ophthalmology
(29 times)
HNLF (3 times)
PCs (3 times)
SNR (3 times)
2006 Chaotic dynamics of a passively mode-locked soliton fiber ring laser.
non-progression rate
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PFS (5 times)
ORR (4 times)
OS (4 times)
2009 Clinical benefit in Phase-I trials of novel molecularly targeted agents: does dose matter?
neuronal pentraxin receptor
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
NP1 (3 times)
NP2 (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1997 Neuronal pentraxin receptor, a novel putative integral membrane pentraxin that interacts with neuronal pentraxin 1 and 2 and taipoxin-associated calcium-binding protein 49.
nitrite production rate
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
FA (6 times)
AOB (5 times)
NOB (5 times)
2016 Nitrite production in a partial denitrifying upflow sludge bed (USB) reactor equipped with gas automatic circulation (GAC).
10  non-proliferative retinopathy
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
PR (3 times)
DR (2 times)
T1DM (2 times)
1992 Extracapsular cataract extraction in diabetics with rubeosis iridis.
11  neutrophil-to-platelet ratio
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NLR (5 times)
IE (2 times)
PLR (2 times)
2016 The impact of admission neutrophil-to-platelet ratio on in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients with infective endocarditis.
12  net photosynthetic rate
(7 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BTPP (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
1996 Effects of Ascochyta caulina on photosynthesis of leaves of Chenopodium album.
13  normal platelet reactivity
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HPR (6 times)
PCI (5 times)
LPR (2 times)
2009 Low platelet disaggregation predicts poor response to 150 mg clopidogrel in patients with elevated platelet reactivity.
14  NP receptor
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
NP (4 times)
NPs (3 times)
BNP (2 times)
1996 Natriuretic peptide receptors on rat thymocytes: inhibition of proliferation by atrial natriuretic peptide.
15  nasal partitioning ratio
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
BSNS (1 time)
DCAN (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2003 A study to assess the usefulness of a portable spirometer to quantify the severity of nasal septal deviation.
16  NADH peroxidase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
Ahp (1 time)
NOX (1 time)
npr (1 time)
1997 Evidence for regulation of the NADH peroxidase gene (npr) from Enterococcus faecalis by OxyR.
17  negative predictive value
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
PPR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
ERAS (1 time)
2005 New patient-oriented diagnostic test characteristics analogous to the likelihood ratios conveyed information on trustworthiness.
18  nurse-patient relationship
(5 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
NPI (2 times)
EG (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1990 Research on nurse-patient relationships: problems of theory, problems of practice.
19  nursing peer review
(5 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
ANA (1 time)
2009 Nursing peer review: integrating a model in a shared governance environment.
20  Nasopharyngeal reflux
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
BCR (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2005 Direct nasopharyngeal reflux of gastric acid is a contributing factor in refractory chronic rhinosinusitis.
21  net protein retention
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
PER (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BG (1 time)
1989 Dry heat popping of amaranth seed might damage some of its essential amino acids.
22  nonparametric regression
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
EPD (1 time)
FSMs (1 time)
2013 Comparative study of some robust statistical methods: weighted, parametric, and nonparametric linear regression of HPLC convoluted peak responses using internal standard method in drug bioavailability studies.
23  nonphotorealistic rendering
(4 times)
Computer Graphics
(4 times)
--- 2005 Stroke surfaces: temporally coherent artistic animations from video.
24  nurse-to-patient-ratios
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
ICU (2 times)
ICU-LOS (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2014 Effects of ICU characters, human resources and workload to outcome indicators in Thai ICUs: the results of ICU-RESOURCE I study.
25  NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1995 Light-enhanced gene expression of NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase in cucumber.
26  negative pressure respiration
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LBNP (2 times)
HDT (1 time)
PAPR (1 time)
2003 [Respiration and cardiovascular mechanisms of hypobaric correction of the head-down redistribution of local blood volumes].
27  non-PR
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PPCs (2 times)
PR (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
2002 Effects of pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) stimulation on caudal pontine reticular formation (PnC) neurons in vitro.
28  normal on-treatment platelet reactivity
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HPR (3 times)
PCI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2013 Clinical characteristics associated with high on-treatment platelet reactivity of patients undergoing PCI after a 300 mg loading dose of clopidogrel, measured by thrombelastography.
29  normal prostate
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BPH (3 times)
DHT (1 time)
HSDH (1 time)
1983 Androgens and estrogens: their interaction with stroma and epithelium of human benign prostatic hyperplasia and normal prostate.
30  North Pontic Region
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
mtDNA (3 times)
EBA (1 time)
2012 Mitochondrial haplogroup C in ancient mitochondrial DNA from Ukraine extends the presence of East Eurasian genetic lineages in Neolithic Central and Eastern Europe.
31  numeric pain rating
(3 times)
Yoga
(1 time)
HADS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
IASP (1 time)
2017 Chronic Pain as a Hypothetical Construct: A Practical and Philosophical Consideration.
32  4-nitrophenyl-beta-D-ribofuranoside
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
NH (1 time)
1998 A novel and simple colorimetric method for screening Giardia intestinalis and anti-giardial activity in vitro.
33  nasal partitioning of airflow ratio
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
URTI (1 time)
2003 The use of nasal spirometry for the assessment of unilateral nasal obstruction associated with changes in posture in healthy subjects and subjects with upper respiratory tract infection.
34  National Public Radio
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Violence, threat, and emotional "malnourishment": an interview with Dr. Dan Gottlieb.
35  natriuretic peptides
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
1993 [Molecular biology and pharmacology of natriuretic peptide system].
36  negative personal reaction
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
PSD (2 times)
CBT (1 time)
2010 Therapist predictors of early patient-rated working alliance: a multilevel approach.
37  negative pressure reflex
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
GG (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2006 Genioglossus premotoneurons and the negative pressure reflex in rats.
38  negative probability ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PPR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CHOL PF (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in pleural effusions of cardiac origin.
39  net pain relief
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
--- 2019 Evaluation of effectiveness of palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases: a prospective cohort study.
40  nitrification potential rates
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
amoA (2 times)
AOB (2 times)
MPN (1 time)
2005 Responses of nitrification and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria to reciprocal transfers of soil between adjacent coniferous forest and meadow vegetation in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon.
41  nitroprusside
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
LDCR (1 time)
1981 Effects of nitroglycerin and nitroprusside on large and small coronary vessels in conscious dogs.
42  node positive rate
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
NPN (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2017 Nodal metastasis signatures in breast cancer.
43  non-expressor of pathogenesis-related
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
SA (2 times)
2018 Identification of a strawberry NPR-like gene involved in negative regulation of the salicylic acid-mediated defense pathway.
44  non-potable reuse
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ACH (1 time)
AeMBR (1 time)
AnMBR (1 time)
2020 Human Health, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Onsite Non-Potable Water Reuse Systems for a Large, Mixed-Use Urban Building.
45  nonexpressor of PR
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
bAS (1 time)
BR6OX2 (1 time)
eds (1 time)
2006 Arabidopsis leaf necrosis caused by simulated acid rain is related to the salicylic acid signaling pathway.
46  nonphotorespiratory
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PR (2 times)
GH (1 time)
1981 Effects of carbon dioxide and oxygen on the regulation of photosynthetic carbon metabolism by ammonia in spinach mesophyll cells.
47  novel placement recognition
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
NOR (2 times)
KA (1 time)
KD (1 time)
2014 Specific alterations in the performance of learning and memory tasks in models of chemoconvulsant-induced status epilepticus.
48  nuclear progestin receptor
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EB (2 times)
ANI (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1984 Progesterone-like effects of estradiol on reproductive behavior and hypothalamic progestin receptors in the female rat.
49  Danish Patient Register
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2020 Welfare consequences of early-onset Borderline Personality Disorder: a nationwide register-based case-control study.
50  N and phosphorus
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Nr (1 time)
2017 Increased microbial functional diversity under long-term organic and integrated fertilization in a paddy soil.
51  NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CASMCs (1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2008 VEGF-enhanced proliferation under hypoxia by an autocrine mechanism in human vascular smooth muscle cells.
52  NADPH-P-450 reductase
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Enhancement of cytochrome P-450 3A4 catalytic activities by cytochrome b(5) in bacterial membranes.
53  nanoparticle-release
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LOD (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
2021 Detecting attomolar concentrations of microRNA related to myelodysplastic syndromes in blood plasma using a novel sandwich assay with nanoparticle release.
54  nanophotonic-polarization rotator
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Ultra-compact polarization rotation in integrated silicon photonics using digital metamaterials.
55  nanoplasmonic resonator
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ECF (1 time)
IMPA (1 time)
paPSA (1 time)
2010 Time-resolved single-step protease activity quantification using nanoplasmonic resonator sensors.
56  nanoprecipitation
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NSD (1 time)
2015 A Design of Experiment Study of Nanoprecipitation and Nano Spray Drying as Processes to Prepare PLGA Nano- and Microparticles with Defined Sizes and Size Distributions.
57  nasopalatine recess
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
NPF (1 time)
VNO (1 time)
2003 The human vomeronasal organ: part IV. Incidence, topography, endoscopy, and ultrastructure of the nasopalatine recess, nasopalatine fossa, and vomeronasal organ.
58  National Population Register
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2001 Assistance with personal care activities among the old-old in Israel: a national epidemiological study.
59  National Prescription Registry
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
DNPR (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2012 Treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection and risk of Parkinson's disease in Denmark.
60  National Psychosis Registry
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
SMI (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2007 Oral health in Veterans Affairs patients diagnosed with serious mental illness.
61  National Registry of Patients
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AMs (1 time)
DNPR (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2014 Antimalarials in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus: a registry-based cohort study in Denmark.
62  National Retrieval Project
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
2005 Disposal of unwanted pesticides in Stellenbosch, South Africa.
63  National Swedish Patient Register
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2020 Validation of myocardial infarction diagnosis in patients with congenital heart disease in Sweden.
64  near pupil responses
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CP (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2008 Clinical judgement of near pupil responses provides a useful indicator of focusing ability in children with cerebral palsy.
65  Neat Proteic Relation
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
PER (1 time)
1995 [Nutritional value and antinutritional factor content of precooked flours prepared from Canavalia ensiformis].
66  neck to plate ratio
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
TEA (1 time)
1994 Potassium currents in mammalian and avian isolated type I semicircular canal hair cells.
67  neck width to cuticular plate width
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Vestibular type I and type II hair cells. 1: Morphometric identification in the pigeon and gerbil.
68  neck width to plate ratio
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
NW (1 time)
1994 Morphometric studies of type I and type II hair cells in the gerbil's posterior semicircular canal crista.
69  neck-to-parent-artery ratio
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
PCoA (1 time)
2014 Correlation between the rupture risk and 3D geometric parameters of saccular intracranial aneurysms.
70  Neck-to-prosthesis ratio
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FNF (1 time)
FNN (1 time)
LAP (1 time)
2013 Longitudinal evaluation of time related femoral neck narrowing after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing.
71  negatively phytochrome regulated
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Isolation and Characterization of Three Genes Negatively Regulated by Phytochrome Action in Lemna gibba.
72  neighborhood preservation ratio
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
mm-tSNE (1 time)
2018 Nonlinear expression and visualization of nonmetric relationships in genetic diseases and microbiome data.
73  Neonatal Resuscitation Program
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Do bulb syringes conform to neonatal resuscitation guidelines?
74  neoprontosil reductases
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
3-MC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
1984 The effect of Sudan III on drug metabolizing enzymes.
75  Nep:Pod-mRNA ratio
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
Nep-mRNA (1 time)
2017 Effects of childbirth on podocyturia in women with normotensive, uncomplicated pregnancies.
76  nest predation rates
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effects of parents and Brown-headed Cowbirds (Molothrus ater) on nest predation risk for a songbird.
77  net percentage reduction
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of a new fixed duration (12 weeks) multi-drug regimen of bactericidal drugs in multibacillary leprosy.
78  net positive response
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NOR (1 time)
2020 Knowledge, attitude, perception and practice of antibiotics usage among the pharmacy students.
79  net protein efficiency ratio
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2002 [The domestic processing of the common bean resulted in a reduction in the phytates and tannins antinutritional factors, in the starch content and in the raffinose, stachiose and verbascose flatulence factors].
80  Net Protein Utilization
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
FER (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
1998 [The use of a multimix as a dietary supplement: study in rats].
81  neuronal plastic reactions
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1996 [The effect of changes in the dynamic equilibrium in the microtubular and microfilamentous systems on neuronal plastic reactions].
82  Neuropeptide receptor-Resemblance
(1 time)
Cell Communication
(1 time)
FLP (1 time)
2019 Pharmacological and functional similarities of the human neuropeptide Y system in C. elegans challenges phylogenetic views on the FLP/NPR system.
83  neuroprotective ratio
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
HPLC-FD (1 time)
2010 Simultaneous determination of serum tryptophan metabolites in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.
84  neutralizing potential ratio
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ARD (1 time)
WRPs (1 time)
2017 Stochastic multicomponent reactive transport analysis of low quality drainage release from waste rock piles: Controls of the spatial distribution of acid generating and neutralizing minerals.
85  neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2021 Clinical characteristics and laboratory features of COVID-19 in high altitude areas: A retrospective cohort study.
86  New Port Richey
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BKA (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2020 Innate immunity of Florida cane toads: how dispersal has affected physiological responses to LPS.
87  nitrate production
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
IFAS (1 time)
MCB (1 time)
2009 Extended mixed-culture biofilms (MCB) model to describe integrated fixed film/activated sludge (IFAS) process behaviour.
88  nitrogen-to-phosphorus molar ratio
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PBR (1 time)
2020 Optimal influent N-to-P ratio for stable microalgal cultivation in water treatment and nutrient recovery.
89  nitroprusside sodium
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
i.c (1 time)
SNAP (1 time)
1995 The effect of nitric oxide donors on haemodynamics and blood flow distribution in the porcine carotid circulation.
90  nocturnal penile rigidity
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
IIEF (1 time)
2019 The effect of CPAP and PDE5i on erectile function in men with obstructive sleep apnea and erectile dysfunction: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
91  Nodule Prevalence Rates
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
REMO (1 time)
1999 Rapid epidemiological mapping of onchocerciasis in areas of Uganda where Simulium neavei sl is the vector.
92  nodules per rat
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
I-def (1 time)
LI (1 time)
MTW (1 time)
1993 Regressive and non-regressive thyroid lesions of the rat induced by single injection of N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine and iodine deficient diet.
93  non peer-reviewed
(1 time)
Homeopathy
(1 time)
OTP (1 time)
PR (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2013 Randomised controlled trials of homeopathy in humans: characterising the research journal literature for systematic review.
94  non pigmented rice
(1 time)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
2018 Variation in composition, protein and pasting characteristics of different pigmented and non pigmented rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in Indian Himalayan region.
95  Non-parameter regression
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
KLSR (1 time)
KPCR (1 time)
2009 [Kernel regression application in estimating stellar fundamental parameters].
96  non-patch repair
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CDH (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2011 Patch repair is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
97  non-pediatric radiologist
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2019 Pediatric cervical spine injuries on CT: difference in accuracy of interpretations by pediatric versus non-pediatric radiologists.
98  non-pentose residue
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AIRs (1 time)
Fer-Ara-Xyl-Xyl (1 time)
1997 Digestion by fungal glycanases of arabinoxylans with different feruloylated side-chains.
99  non-perseverative responses
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
PR (1 time)
WCST (1 time)
1992 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: an indicator of vulnerability to schizophrenia?
100  non-Poisson renewal events
(1 time)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
CTRW (1 time)
fBm (1 time)
SBM (1 time)
2016 Ergodicity breaking and localization.