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Abbreviation: NPs
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Long forms: 399

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nanoparticles
(19301 times)
Chemistry
(3939 times)
TEM (812 times)
XRD (602 times)
PLGA (595 times)
1993 Formation and characterization of cyclosporine-loaded nanoparticles.
nurse practitioners
(1314 times)
Nursing
(603 times)
PAs (249 times)
ED (32 times)
PCPs (29 times)
1977 Cost factors in urban telemedicine.
natriuretic peptides
(366 times)
Cardiology
(91 times)
BNP (90 times)
ANP (63 times)
HF (57 times)
1995 Renal effects of high-dose natriuretic peptide receptor blockade in rats with congestive heart failure.
natural products
(356 times)
Chemistry
(79 times)
BGCs (22 times)
NRPS (10 times)
PKS (7 times)
2006 Strategies for efficient lead structure discovery from natural products.
nanoplastics
(247 times)
Environmental Health
(180 times)
MPs (97 times)
PS (34 times)
PSNPs (30 times)
2018 Effects of inorganic ions and natural organic matter on the aggregation of nanoplastics.
nasal polyps
(186 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(85 times)
CRS (58 times)
CRSwNP (37 times)
IL (20 times)
1997 Interferon gamma expression in human nasal polyps.
neuritic plaques
(65 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
AD (48 times)
NFTs (48 times)
DPs (5 times)
1988 Differential sensitivity of the microtubule-associated protein, tau, in Alzheimer's disease tissue to formalin fixation.
neural progenitors
(63 times)
Cell Biology
(22 times)
hESCs (7 times)
NSCs (7 times)
ESCs (5 times)
2006 Uniform adherent neural progenitor populations from rhesus embryonic stem cells.
nanoplates
(36 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
NCs (3 times)
NSs (3 times)
PTT (3 times)
2013 Bioactive coronary stent coating based on layer-by-layer technology for siRNA release.
10  neural precursors
(33 times)
Cell Biology
(10 times)
hESCs (7 times)
SVZ (6 times)
CNS (4 times)
2001 Neuregulin signaling regulates neural precursor growth and the generation of oligodendrocytes in vitro.
11  nonylphenols
(33 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
PAHs (9 times)
PCBs (6 times)
BPA (5 times)
2000 Testicular abnormalities in male rats after lactational exposure to nonylphenols.
12  ZnO-nanoparticles
(33 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
APCs (2 times)
CBMN (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
2009 Broadband antireflective poly-Si nanosponge for thin film solar cells.
13  nitrophenols
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
4-NP (6 times)
2-NP (4 times)
CPs (3 times)
2002 Hydrogen peroxide photolysis, fenton reagent and photo-fenton for the degradation of nitrophenols: a comparative study.
14  noun phrases
(30 times)
Psychology
(15 times)
FTD (2 times)
SZ (2 times)
APs (1 time)
1995 Training sentence production in agrammatism: implications for normal and disordered language.
15  neuropeptides
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
SP (5 times)
CGRP (4 times)
NPY (4 times)
1995 Neuropeptides in the adrenal gland: distribution, localization of receptors, and effects on steroid hormone synthesis.
16  nm Pd nanoparticles
(26 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
fcc (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2009 High-energy excitations in silicon nanoparticles.
17  nucleoproteins
(25 times)
Virology
(8 times)
IFN (4 times)
dsRNA (3 times)
PICV (3 times)
1984 Nucleoproteins of animal influenza viruses, in contrast to those of human strains, are not cleaved in infected cells.
18  nanoscale particles
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BSA (2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
SGA (2 times)
2009 Biologic nanoparticles and platelet reactivity.
19  nanopillars
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
GaOOH (2 times)
TJ (2 times)
AAO (1 time)
2011 Selective homoepitaxial growth and luminescent properties of ZnO nanopillars.
20  nitrophorins
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
NO (2 times)
EPR (1 time)
GSSG (1 time)
2005 Nitrophorin synthesis is modulated by protein kinase CK2.
21  nanoprobes
(18 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(5 times)
NIR (2 times)
PTT (2 times)
SERS (2 times)
2010 Biocompatibility and biodistribution of surface-enhanced Raman scattering nanoprobes in zebrafish embryos: in vivo and multiplex imaging.
22  Nonylphenols
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
4-NP (2 times)
BPA (2 times)
EDCs (2 times)
2002 Toxicity of 4-nonylphenol in spiked sediment to three populations of Chironomus riparius.
23  nanophosphors
(15 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
DC (2 times)
HSCs (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
2010 Fluorine-18-labeled Gd3+/Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped NaYF4 nanophosphors for multimodality PET/MR/UCL imaging.
24  nanoplatelets
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
BP (2 times)
SA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2011 Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets.
25  nanospheres
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PLA (2 times)
ADSCs (1 time)
Ang-1 (1 time)
2009 Functionalized nanospheres loaded with anti-angiogenic drugs: cellular uptake and angiosuppressive efficacy.
26  nanomaterials, such as nanoparticles
(13 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
NGs (2 times)
NRs (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
2013 Time-course effects of intravenously administrated silica nanoparticles on blood coagulation and endothelial function in rats.
27  nanopowders
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LF-FSP (2 times)
NP (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2008 Ecotoxicity of selected nano-materials to aquatic organisms.
28  neuron profiles
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DRGs (7 times)
CGRP (5 times)
DRG (4 times)
1997 Expression and regulation of the neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor in sensory and autonomic ganglia.
29  neuroprostanes
(11 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
DHA (4 times)
4-HNE (2 times)
AA (2 times)
2001 Brain regional quantification of F-ring and D-/E-ring isoprostanes and neuroprostanes in Alzheimer's disease.
30  nucleocapsid proteins
(11 times)
Virology
(8 times)
ELISA (3 times)
aa (2 times)
HFRS (2 times)
1990 Sequencing analyses and comparison of parainfluenza virus type 4A and 4B NP protein genes.
31  Neuropeptides
(10 times)
Biology
(3 times)
SP (3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2009 Calcitonin gene-related peptide modulates interleukin-13 in circulating cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen-positive T cells in patients with atopic dermatitis.
32  novel polymeric nanoparticles
(10 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Ei (2 times)
ML (2 times)
ML-NPs (2 times)
2013 Targeting the tumor-draining lymph node with adjuvanted nanoparticles reshapes the anti-tumor immune response.
33  neurophysins
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
OT (3 times)
VP (2 times)
ANF (1 time)
1980 Isolation and partial characterization of two human neurophysins: their use in the development of specific radioimmunoassays.
34  Neuronal pentraxins
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
KO (2 times)
NP1 (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
2006 Neuronal pentraxins mediate synaptic refinement in the developing visual system.
35  nasal passages
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SMGs (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2007 Nasal cholera toxin elicits IL-5 and IL-5 receptor alpha-chain expressing B-1a B cells for innate mucosal IgA antibody responses.
36  naturopathic practitioners
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
CVD (1 time)
FPs (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2003 Visiting family physicians and naturopathic practitioners. Comparing patient-practitioner interactions.
37  nucleoside phosphorylases
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
aaNPs (1 time)
BSP (1 time)
GTFs (1 time)
2011 Influence of the nucleobase and anchimeric assistance of the carboxyl acid groups in the hydrolysis of amino acid nucleoside phosphoramidates.
38  nutrient patterns
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
PCA (3 times)
ATP III (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
2018 Do patterns of nutrient intake predict self-reported anxiety, depression and psychological distress in adults? SEPAHAN study.
39  National Parks
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AONBs (1 time)
CCCMA (1 time)
GMAs (1 time)
2002 Assessment of climate change effects on Canada's National Park system.
40  neutral proteases
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
A. oryzae (1 time)
ANPs (1 time)
CNPs (1 time)
1993 Prediction and analysis of structure, stability and unfolding of thermolysin-like proteases.
41  Nicotine pouches
(5 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
OBCs (2 times)
PK (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2021 Chemical characterization of tobacco-free "modern" oral nicotine pouches and their position on the toxicant and risk continuums.
42  nurse prescribers
(5 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
PPs (2 times)
CPD (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2011 Managing self-limiting respiratory tract infections: a qualitative study of the usefulness of the delayed prescribing strategy.
43  nanocarriers, polymeric nanoparticles
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Recent advances in protein and Peptide drug delivery: a special emphasis on polymeric nanoparticles.
44  nanocomposites
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
aHRR (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
BOZ (1 time)
2016 Zirconium(IV) functionalized magnetic nanocomposites for extraction of organophosphorus pesticides from environmental water samples.
45  nanoplastic particles
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AOPs (1 time)
LCs (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
2019 Ecotoxicological effects on Scenedesmus obliquus and Danio rerio Co-exposed to polystyrene nano-plastic particles and natural acidic organic polymer.
46  nanopolyplexes
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
CpG ODNs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2016 Nano-polyplex based on oleoyl-carboxymethy-chitosan (OCMCS) and hyaluronic acid for oral gene vaccine delivery.
47  nasal prongs
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ARF (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ETCO2 (1 time)
1999 Oxygen therapy during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
48  nephron progenitors
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CFK (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
hPSCs (1 time)
2019 Simple 3D culture of dissociated kidney mesenchyme mimics nephron progenitor niche and facilitates nephrogenesis Wnt-independently.
49  neuroparsins
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
IGFBPs (1 time)
IRPs (1 time)
1992 Isolation of a neuropeptide from locust corpus cardiacum which influences ileal transport.
50  neuropsychiatric symptoms
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
2018 Role of physical activity in ameliorating neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer disease: A narrative review.
51  nitrated phenols
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
4NG (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2021 Secondary Production of Gaseous Nitrated Phenols in Polluted Urban Environments.
52  nm polystyrene nanoparticles
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
APCs (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2008 Nanoparticle-based targeting of vaccine compounds to skin antigen-presenting cells by hair follicles and their transport in mice.
53  nonprogressors
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
RPs (3 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
2001 Validation of genetic case-control studies in AIDS and application to the CX3CR1 polymorphism.
54  nucleus pulposus cells
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
cyt c (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2017 Construction and assessment of bio-engineered intervertebral discs.
55  adjective-noun phrases
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ERP (1 time)
PWI (1 time)
2014 Inter-subject variability modulates phonological advance planning in the production of adjective-noun phrases.
56  nanoparticle delivery systems
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MM (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BTZ (1 time)
2014 Translocator protein ligand-PLGA conjugated nanoparticles for 5-fluorouracil delivery to glioma cancer cells.
57  nanoplatforms
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Gd (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2017 Europium Doped Calcium Deficient Hydroxyapatite as Theranostic Nanoplatforms: Effect of Structure and Aspect Ratio.
58  nanopolymersomes
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
cHA, cNPs (1 time)
cPEMs (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2015 Stability and toxicity of empty or gene-loaded lipopolysaccharide-amine nanopolymersomes.
59  nanopyramids
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
AAO (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
2011 n-InAs nanopyramids fully integrated into silicon.
60  national parks
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IAS (1 time)
PWDs (1 time)
2019 Invasive alien plants in Polish national parks-threats to species diversity.
61  natural polysaccharides
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
IBI (1 time)
SCFAs (1 time)
2019 Structural characterization, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of water-soluble polysaccharides from bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel) leaves.
62  neural precursor cells
(3 times)
Spine
(1 time)
BHK (1 time)
ES (1 time)
mESCs (1 time)
2007 Suppression of kindling epileptogenesis by adenosine releasing stem cell-derived brain implants.
63  neural progenitor cells
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2006 Chemokines regulate the migration of neural progenitors to sites of neuroinflammation.
64  new self-assembled nanoparticles
(3 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
alpha-TOS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2017 Photothermal and photodynamic activity of polymeric nanoparticles based on alpha-tocopheryl succinate-RAFT block copolymers conjugated to IR-780.
65  Ni@Ir core-shell nanoparticles
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CNT (1 time)
HB (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2013 One-step sonochemical syntheses of Ni@Pt core-shell nanoparticles with controlled shape and shell thickness for fuel cell electrocatalyst.
66  nitropyrenes
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HPLC (2 times)
ROS (1 time)
1986 Detection of 1-nitropyrene in yakitori (grilled chicken).
67  normal pituitaries
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AVPRs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2009 Expression analysis of dopamine receptor subtypes in normal human pituitaries, nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas and somatotropinomas, and the association between dopamine and somatostatin receptors with clinical response to octreotide-LAR in acromegaly.
68  normal pregnancies
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
FGL1 (1 time)
2020 The combination of symphysis-fundal height and abdominal circumference as a novel predictor of macrosomia in GDM and normal pregnancy.
69  normal progressors
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CTL (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
LTNPs (1 time)
2004 Association of drug abuse with inhibition of HIV-1 immune responses: studies with long-term of HIV-1 non-progressors.
70  Noun Phrases
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
--- 1990 Syntactic distinctions in child language.
71  nucleotide polymorphisms
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
PlxyGV (1 time)
2006 A SYBR green-based real-time PCR method for detection of haemopoietic chimerism in allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.
72  nucleus pulposus
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
IVDD (1 time)
2011 Expression of ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 in the nucleus pulposus during degeneration of rat caudal intervetebral disc.
73  nutritive phagocytes
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BGE (1 time)
LLPs (1 time)
1993 Seasonal changes in testicular structure and localization of a sperm surface glycoprotein during spermatogenesis in sea urchins.
74  metal-nanoparticles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2010 Superparamagnetic and upconversion emitting Fe3O4/NaYF4:Yb,Er hetero-nanoparticles via a crosslinker anchoring strategy.
75  Mn(VI)-nanoparticles
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2015 Functionalised Mn(VI)-nanoparticles: an advanced high-valent magnetic catalyst.
76  nano- and microparticles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
RDE (1 time)
2014 Sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin/chitosan nano- and microparticles and their physicochemical characteristics.
77  nano-sized plastic particles
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
IL1 beta (1 time)
NMs (1 time)
2022 Exposure of gametes to aged nano-sized plastic particles during fertilization can influence early larval development in the European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus).
78  nanometer-size particles
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2010 Key role of alkaline phosphatase in the development of human-derived nanoparticles in vitro.
79  nanoparticles such as CuO nanoparticles
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 CuO Nanoparticle Dissolution and Toxicity to Wheat ( Triticum aestivum) in Rhizosphere Soil.
80  nanopharmaceuticals
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
2014 Continuous and sustainable granulation of nanopharmaceuticals by spray coagulation encapsulation in alginate.
81  nanoplatforms such as polymeric nanoparticles
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2021 Targeting to Brain Tumor: Nanocarrier-Based Drug Delivery Platforms, Opportunities, and Challenges.
82  nanopolymers
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
2011 A column test for leaching of organochlorines from soil by amphiphilic nonionic nanopolymers.
83  nanopore arrays
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
PEC (2 times)
InP (1 time)
2016 InP nanopore arrays for photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation.
84  nanosystems, particularly nanoparticles
(2 times)
Aging
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
NDs (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2016 The formulation of nanomedicines for treating tuberculosis.
85  natriuretic peptide hormones
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AtPNP-A (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
CgA (1 time)
2003 Natriuretic peptides--a class of heterologous molecules in plants.
86  natural compounds
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BAs (1 time)
HER (1 time)
2017 Natural Products as Chemopreventive Agents by Potential Inhibition of the Kinase Domain in ErbB Receptors.
87  natural polymers
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
DRT (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of swelling processes of various natural polymer matrix tablets by X-ray computed tomography and controlled drug release.
88  necrophylactic periderms
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
RZs (1 time)
2007 The Histology of Hybrid Poplar Clones Inoculated with Septoria musiva.
89  neonicotinoid pesticides
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
N-CCMP (1 time)
RSDs (1 time)
2021 Recyclable nitrogen-containing chitin-derived carbon microsphere as sorbent for neonicotinoid residues adsorption and analysis.
90  neural pathways
(2 times)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
(1 time)
BPTs (1 time)
DA (1 time)
LHb (1 time)
2013 Dopamine system: manager of neural pathways.
91  neural prostheses
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2001 Neural prostheses.
92  neurologists/psychiatrists
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
2015 Risk of Long-Term Care Dependence for Dementia Patients is Associated with Type of Physician: An Analysis of German Health Claims Data for the Years 2006 to 2010.
93  Neuropilins
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SEMAs (1 time)
2009 Neuropilins, semaphorins, and their role in thymocyte development.
94  new primaries
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TRs (2 times)
BCT (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2009 True local recurrence rate in the conserved breast after magnetic resonance imaging-targeted radiotherapy.
95  newly-synthesized nanoparticles
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
CQDs (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2020 Inhibition of CD73 using folate targeted nanoparticles carrying anti-CD73 siRNA potentiates anticancer efficacy of Dinaciclib.
96  nm Pd-Cu alloy nanoparticles
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
acac (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OAm (1 time)
2011 A facile one-pot synthesis and enhanced formic acid oxidation of monodisperse Pd-Cu nanocatalysts.
97  non-hallucinating patients
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
HCs (2 times)
HPs (2 times)
MMN (2 times)
2008 The right profile: mismatch negativity in schizophrenia with and without auditory hallucinations as measured by a multi-feature paradigm.
98  non-polarized surfaces
(2 times)
BSA (1 time)
Ns (1 time)
Ps (1 time)
2017 Fabrication of Biocompatible Potassium Sodium Niobate Piezoelectric Ceramic as an Electroactive Implant.
99  normal plants
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
AP3 (1 time)
IVIM (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2016 Duplication and Whorl-Specific Down-Regulation of the Obligate AP3-PI Heterodimer Genes Explain the Origin of Paeonia lactiflora Plants with Spontaneous Corolla Mutation.
100  nuclear protrusions
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FISH (1 time)
FND (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1998 Nuclear protrusions in cells from cytologic specimens. Mechanisms of formation.