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Abbreviation: NR
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Long forms: 713

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nitrate reductase
(788 times)
Botany
(254 times)
NO (175 times)
GS (99 times)
NiR (82 times)
1969 Nitrogen metabolis of Lemna minor. II. Enzymes of nitrate assimilation and some aspects of their regulation.
non-responders
(597 times)
Gastroenterology
(107 times)
SVR (99 times)
HCV (89 times)
CR (88 times)
1976 Reagin-mediated asthma in rhesus monkeys and relation to bronchial cell histamine release and airway reactivity to carbocholine.
nuclear receptor
(462 times)
Molecular Biology
(106 times)
LBD (39 times)
AR (31 times)
PXR (26 times)
1993 Ontogeny, circadian rhythm pattern, and hormonal modulation of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone receptors in the rat pineal.
neutral red
(407 times)
Toxicology
(117 times)
LDH (36 times)
MTT (27 times)
MB (19 times)
1976 Spectrophotometric studies on the pH of frog skeletal muscle. PH change during and after contractile activity.
neutron reflectometry
(207 times)
Chemistry
(128 times)
AFM (20 times)
QCM-D (17 times)
SANS (17 times)
2000 Modulation of cytochrome C coupling to anionic lipid monolayers by a change of the phase state: a combined neutron and infrared reflection study.
natural rubber
(205 times)
Polymers
(46 times)
SBR (11 times)
SEM (11 times)
CB (10 times)
1986 Residual formaldehyde in steam-formaldehyde sterilized materials.
nanorod
(168 times)
Nanotechnology
(67 times)
ZnO (13 times)
PEC (11 times)
NC (9 times)
2002 The quenching of CdSe quantum dots photoluminescence by gold nanoparticles in solution.
nicotinamide riboside
(168 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
NMN (29 times)
NAD (16 times)
NAM (11 times)
1982 Pyridine nucleotide metabolism in the erythrocyte of South African blacks with primary hepatoma.
Nile Red
(155 times)
Chemistry
(44 times)
DOX (9 times)
CLSM (6 times)
FRET (6 times)
1993 Nile red labeling of single living cells for contour delineation to quantify and evaluate the distribution of rhodamine 123 with fluorescence image cytometry.
10  neural retina
(69 times)
Biology
(22 times)
RPE (45 times)
FGFs (4 times)
hESC (4 times)
1977 Studies on intercellular adhesion. II. Promoting effect of serum and proteins on adhesion of neural retina cells to isotypic aggregates.
11  nutrient restriction
(66 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
SGA (6 times)
CON (4 times)
GR (4 times)
1993 Effects of elevated blood insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentration upon IGF-I in bovine mammary secretions during the colostrum phase.
12  noise reduction
(54 times)
Audiology
(34 times)
SNR (12 times)
HI (7 times)
NH (6 times)
2006 Determination of the potential benefit of time-frequency gain manipulation.
13  NMDA receptor
(46 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
NMDA (17 times)
KA (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
1995 In vitro pharmacology of ACEA-1021 and ACEA-1031: systemically active quinoxalinediones with high affinity and selectivity for N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor glycine sites.
14  nasal resistance
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(22 times)
MCA (5 times)
NMCA (5 times)
CFD (4 times)
1979 Postural variations in nasal resistance and symptomatology in allergic rhinitis.
15  non-remission
(36 times)
Hematology
(13 times)
CR (28 times)
AML (16 times)
PR (10 times)
1997 Anti-Leukemia Chemotherapy of High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes.
16  normotensive rats
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
SHR (25 times)
RHR (9 times)
L-NAME (3 times)
1975 Changes in renin, water balance, and sodium balance during development of high blood pressure in genetically hypertensive rats.
17  no-reflow
(33 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
STEMI (19 times)
PCI (13 times)
PPCI (7 times)
2002 Coronary no-reflow is caused by shedding of active tissue factor from dissected atherosclerotic plaque.
18  nuclear hormone receptor
(33 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
ER (4 times)
LBDs (2 times)
MMTV (2 times)
1998 Evolution of the nuclear receptor superfamily: early diversification from an ancestral orphan receptor.
19  non-redundant protein
(29 times)
Science
(8 times)
KEGG (19 times)
GO (18 times)
COG (14 times)
2006 Analysis of 10,000 ESTs from lymphocytes of the cynomolgus monkey to improve our understanding of its immune system.
20  N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor
(28 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
NMDA (3 times)
GABA (2 times)
AAI (1 time)
1998 Expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit mRNAs in the human brain: hippocampus and cortex.
21  neuroretina
(28 times)
Cell Biology
(10 times)
RSV (6 times)
CAT (3 times)
GAD (3 times)
1981 Ouabain binding to chick embryo neuroretina during development in ovo and in monolayer cultures.
22  neonatal resuscitation
(26 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
BEmONC (2 times)
BMV (2 times)
CA (2 times)
2004 Automated detection of obstructive sleep apnoea at different time scales using the electrocardiogram.
23  normal range
(25 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
FT4 (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
1991 The insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins in a case of non-islet-cell tumour-associated hypoglycaemia.
24  NADH-nitrate reductase
(24 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
NO (2 times)
TNT (2 times)
AICAR (1 time)
1978 Purification and Kinetics of Higher Plant NADH:Nitrate Reductase.
25  non-recurrence
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (8 times)
LR (6 times)
DFS (3 times)
1996 Nodal failures in patients with NO N+ oral squamous cell carcinoma without capsular rupture.
26  nitrogen retention
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
DMR (6 times)
AME (5 times)
AMEn (4 times)
1977 Nitrogen retention in the pig.
27  no-reference
(20 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(13 times)
IQA (8 times)
FR (6 times)
CR (2 times)
2001 Psychometric properties of child- and teacher-reported curl-up scores in children ages 10-12 years.
28  normal
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
TG (4 times)
IR (3 times)
FBS (2 times)
1978 Renal micropuncture study of normotensive and Milan hypertensive rats before and after development of hypertension.
29  nonrejecting
(19 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AR (6 times)
PR (3 times)
CR (2 times)
1978 Differentiation by electrophoresis and enzymoserology of proteinases, produced by strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis biotypes 1 and 4.
30  nodal ratio
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (5 times)
DFS (3 times)
PMRT (2 times)
2007 The ratio of positive to excised nodes identifies high-risk subsets and reduces inter-institutional differences in locoregional recurrence risk estimates in breast cancer patients with 1-3 positive nodes: an analysis of prospective data from British Columbia and the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.
31  nucleoplasmic reticulum
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
NE (4 times)
CCTalpha (2 times)
CDT (2 times)
2005 The rate-limiting enzyme in phosphatidylcholine synthesis regulates proliferation of the nucleoplasmic reticulum.
32  Newton-Raphson
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
EM (4 times)
AI (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1986 Numerical T1 computation from NMR intensity ratios.
33  nonreducing
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PKSs (4 times)
HR (3 times)
mAb (2 times)
1988 Membrane glycoproteins involved in hepatocyte adhesion to collagen type I.
34  nonrelativistic
(15 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
BPPT (4 times)
DFT (4 times)
CO (3 times)
2006 Dissociation energy of ekaplutonium fluoride E126F: the first diatomic with molecular spinors consisting of g atomic spinors.
35  New Radio
(14 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(8 times)
IoT (2 times)
RF (2 times)
AFD (1 time)
2017 Towards Harmonious Coexistence in the Unlicensed Spectrum: Rational Cooperation of Operators.
36  negative remodeling
(13 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
PR (7 times)
RI (7 times)
IR (5 times)
2005 Impact of preinterventional arterial remodeling on in-stent neointimal hyperplasia and in-stent restenosis after coronary stent implantation.
37  nucleus reticularis
(13 times)
Brain
(8 times)
VBC (3 times)
BRN (2 times)
da (2 times)
1978 Reticulospinal excitation and inhibition of neck motoneurons.
38  naringin
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DOX (4 times)
MDA (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
2003 In vitro inhibition of simvastatin metabolism, a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor in human and rat liver by bergamottin, a component of grapefruit juice.
39  Nephrogenic rests
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
WT (10 times)
ILNR (2 times)
AML (1 time)
1990 Nephrogenic rests, nephroblastomatosis, and the pathogenesis of Wilms' tumor.
40  nonreactive
(12 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
WB (2 times)
A-NH (1 time)
1980 Antepartum fetal heart rate testing. V. The nonstress test--an outpatient approach.
41  normal rats
(12 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
ASR (3 times)
6KPGF1 alpha (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
1978 Enhanced formation of PGI2, a potent hypotensive substance, by aortic rings and homogenates of the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
42  normotensive
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
SHR (10 times)
HR (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1977 Influence of clonidine on cardiac vagal component of baroreceptor reflex in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats.
43  normotensive Wistar rats
(12 times)
Biology
(4 times)
SHR (11 times)
RHR (3 times)
A-II (1 time)
1975 Effects of beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents on blood pressure in conscious hypertensive rats.
44  N retention
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
DM (2 times)
FD (2 times)
ADN (1 time)
1980 Energy and protein nutrition of early-weaned pigs. 1. Effect of energy intake and energy: protein on growth, efficiency and nitrogen utilization of pigs between 8-32 d.
45  neutral red uptake
(11 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
ROS (5 times)
MMP (4 times)
TP (2 times)
1991 Effects of exposure period of acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol and isopropanol on L929 cytotoxicity.
46  NMDA receptor subunit
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NMDA (7 times)
POA-AH (2 times)
a,d (1 time)
1995 Regulation of the expression of NMDA receptor subunits in rat cerebellar granule cells: effect of chronic K(+)-induced depolarization and NMDA exposure.
47  non-reproductive
(11 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
18 F-FDG (1 time)
3DRP (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
1999 Energetics of offspring production: a comparison of a marsupial (Monodelphis domestica) and a eutherian (Mesocricetus auratus).
48  nursery-reared
(11 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
MR (5 times)
HPA (3 times)
MPR (3 times)
1995 Effects of early rearing environment on immune responses of infant rhesus monkeys.
49  nutritional risk
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
MN (3 times)
CC (2 times)
FS (2 times)
2007 Nutritional risk in the urban population of Ouro Preto, southeastern region of Brazil: the Ouro Preto heart study.
50  non-radiative
(10 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
PL (3 times)
NWs (2 times)
BDP (1 time)
2000 Inverse source problem and minimum-energy sources.
51  nonreplicating
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
Mtb (8 times)
TB (4 times)
AR (2 times)
2012 Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug sensitizes Mycobacterium tuberculosis to endogenous and exogenous antimicrobials.
52  red nucleus
(10 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
MRF (2 times)
1980 Neurophysiological effects of experimental intracranial hypertension on three different structures of the brain stem in the cat. Rostrocaudal deterioration.
53  nanoribbon
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
PL (2 times)
AgNPs (1 time)
CMOS (1 time)
2011 Construction of high-quality CdS:Ga nanoribbon/silicon heterojunctions and their nano-optoelectronic applications.
54  neuroradiologists
(9 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
NS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
1990 Asymmetries of sleep spindles and beta activity in pediatric EEG.
55  nodes of Ranvier
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AIS (2 times)
AISs (2 times)
IKK (2 times)
2002 [Beta]IV-spectrin regulates sodium channel clustering through ankyrin-G at axon initial segments and nodes of Ranvier.
56  normal resolution
(9 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
HR (7 times)
SHR (5 times)
U-HRCT (4 times)
2016 Differential effects of contractile potentiators on action potential-induced Ca2+ transients of frog and mouse skeletal muscle fibres.
57  Norwegian Red
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HF (3 times)
LSCS (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
2004 Characterization of biological types of cattle (Cycle VI): carcass, yield, and longissimus palatability traits.
58  neutron radiography
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
NI (2 times)
BNCT (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
2005 Neutron radiography examination of objects belonging to the cultural heritage.
59  non-receptive
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
ERA (6 times)
pET (4 times)
WOI (4 times)
2013 The endometrial receptivity array for diagnosis and personalized embryo transfer as a treatment for patients with repeated implantation failure.
60  non-resistant
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MDR-TB (3 times)
HR (2 times)
HC (1 time)
1991 [Features of oxidative phosphorylation in brain mitochondria of rats with different sensitivity to oxygen insufficiency].
61  normal-risk
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HR (7 times)
CEA (1 time)
CREST (1 time)
1989 Phosphorylation of rodent cardiac myosin light chain 2: effects of exercise.
62  normalized ratio
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ICA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
VTE (2 times)
2000 Experimental tissue acidosis leads to increased pain in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS).
63  mo-not reached
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CI (4 times)
PFS (3 times)
AEs (2 times)
2016 Clinical outcomes with pemetrexed-based systemic therapies in RET-rearranged lung cancers.
64  neutral red assay
(7 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
BE/CAM (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1991 Evaluation of seven in vitro alternatives for ocular safety testing.
65  neutralization reaction
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AVA (1 time)
CCLI (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1979 Effect of short-term therapy with propylthiouracil in patients with alcoholic liver disease.
66  nipple retention
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AGD (2 times)
EA (2 times)
BI (1 time)
2007 Electro-acupuncture at acupoint ST36 reduces inflammation and regulates immune activity in Collagen-Induced Arthritic Mice.
67  nitrification rate
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
AMO (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
2008 Influence of edaphic factors on the mineralization of neem oil coated urea in four Indian soils.
68  non-requiring
(7 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(5 times)
PPNG (4 times)
A/S (1 time)
MICs (1 time)
1979 Association between the auxogroup of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and the minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin.
69  nonreduced
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
PRG4 (2 times)
SDS-PAGE (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1987 Phosphorylation of T-cell antigen receptor-associated proteins: correlation with activation for killing and/or for gamma-interferon production by a cytolytic T-cell clone.
70  normally reared
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DR (5 times)
BD (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1983 Somatic and central nervous system growth in artificially reared rat pups.
71  nucleus reuniens
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HPC (2 times)
mPFC (2 times)
SuM (1 time)
2013 A neural circuit for memory specificity and generalization.
72  nasal airflow resistance
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
DCAN (2 times)
NCV (2 times)
NMCA (2 times)
1998 Effects of different mechanical treatments on nasal resistance assessed by rhinometry.
73  native range
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HGW (3 times)
LGW (2 times)
CWG (1 time)
2004 Effect of live weight gain of steers during winter grazing: I. Feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and body composition of beef steers.
74  natural recovery
(6 times)
Food
(2 times)
beta-CG (2 times)
LGG (2 times)
WSP (2 times)
2002 [Establishment and initial utilization of an arithmetic model of chronic hepatic diseases].
75  negative reinforcement
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
PR (4 times)
AUTOS (1 time)
FTND (1 time)
2008 Evaluating the addition of positive reinforcement for learning a frightening task: a pilot study with horses.
76  net return
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
TR (2 times)
AST (1 time)
BPW (1 time)
1989 Use of the partial farm budget technique to predict the economic impact of the flock management decision to use B-mode ultrasonographic pregnancy diagnosis.
77  neuroleptic responsive
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NNR (5 times)
ASR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1993 D1 and D2 dopamine receptor turnover and D2 messenger RNA levels in the neuroleptic-responsive and the neuroleptic nonresponsive lines of mice.
78  nociceptive response
(6 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CRP (2 times)
POD (2 times)
BIS (1 time)
2019 Effects of Thoracic Paravertebral Block on Nociceptive Levels After Skin Incision During Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery.
79  nonrecovered
(6 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BTR (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2011 Family climate and recovery in adolescent onset eating disorders: a prospective study.
80  nonresonant
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
SFG (3 times)
RR (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
2006 Quantum chemistry-based analysis of the vibrational spectra of five-coordinate metalloporphyrins [M(TPP)Cl].
81  nonretarded
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ALDO (1 time)
DR (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1988 Short-term memory difficulties and Down's syndrome.
82  normal recovery
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
dR (2 times)
iR (2 times)
1999 Effectiveness of rest pauses and cooling in alleviation of heat stress during simulated fire-fighting activity.
83  normothermic recirculation
(6 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
NHBD (4 times)
WI (3 times)
AST (1 time)
1998 Hepatic blood flow and oxygen extraction ratio during normothermic recirculation and total body cooling as viability predictors in non-heart-beating donor pigs.
84  nuclear roundness
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MNA (3 times)
MND (3 times)
MNP (3 times)
1991 Fine needle aspiration diagnosis of hyperplastic and neoplastic follicular nodules of the thyroid. A morphometric study.
85  number of repetitions
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FA (3 times)
CNR (2 times)
ET (2 times)
2008 Acute effects of different stretching exercises on muscular endurance.
86  nanorod array
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CLED (1 time)
FF (1 time)
GaN (1 time)
2011 ZnO nanorod array/CuAlO2 nanofiber heterojunction on Ni substrate: synthesis and photoelectrochemical properties.
87  narrative operative report
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
QIs (3 times)
APR (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2004 The computer synoptic operative report--a leap forward in the science of surgery.
88  Narrative reconstruction
(5 times)
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
(2 times)
PGD (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
SR (2 times)
2003 Reconstruction after total sacrectomy using a new instrumentation technique: a biomechanical comparison.
89  nerve root
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CSA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
SC (2 times)
2009 rTMS for suppressing neuropathic pain: a meta-analysis.
90  neutrophil ratio
(5 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ROC (4 times)
MPV (3 times)
NC (2 times)
2015 Mean Platelet Volume and Platelet Distribution Width as Markers in the Diagnosis of Acute Gangrenous Appendicitis.
91  no-relapse
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SAR (2 times)
ECC (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2004 Clinical outcomes for early childhood caries: influence of aggressive dental surgery.
92  non-remitters
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CSII (2 times)
ECT (1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1988 Remission from insulin dependence induced by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in type I, newly diagnosed diabetics: role of some hormonal and immunologic factors.
93  number of rears
(5 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
NSA (3 times)
CSI (1 time)
FW (1 time)
1987 Comparison of nitrous oxide, morphine and diazepam effects in the mouse staircase test.
94  nutritional rickets
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
VDD (2 times)
VDDR (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2010 Nutritional rickets in Turkey.
95  nanoreactors
(4 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
Lip (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1984 Cellular defense in critically ill surgical patients.
96  neck remnant
(4 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(2 times)
CO (3 times)
DF (2 times)
BF (1 time)
2003 Internal carotid aneurysms presenting with mass effect symptoms of cranial nerve dysfunction: efficacy and imitations of endosaccular embolization with GDC.
97  Neighbourhood Renewal
(4 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
LGA (1 time)
LGAs (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2009 People, places and policies - trying to account for health inequalities in impoverished neighbourhoods.
98  neuropsychological rehabilitation
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
BI (1 time)
2006 Improving treatment response of cognitively impaired veterans with neuropsychological rehabilitation.
99  Neuroretinitis
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CSD (2 times)
IgG (1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
2011 Neuroretinitis: review of the literature and new observations.
100  Neurospora rhodopsin
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
bR (2 times)
LR (2 times)
BLAST (1 time)
2001 Photochemical reaction cycle and proton transfers in Neurospora rhodopsin.