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Abbreviation: NSR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal sinus rhythm
(264 times)
Cardiology
(98 times)
AF (140 times)
VF (30 times)
VT (23 times)
1975 Overdrive suppression in diagnosis of sick sinus syndrome.
negative slope resistance
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PTZ (2 times)
TTX (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
1982 Effects of alcohols upon pacemaker activity in neurons of Aplysia californica.
NOx storage and reduction
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DRIFTS (3 times)
NSC (3 times)
Co (2 times)
2008 Automotive catalysis studied by surface science.
neurosensory retina
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
RPE (7 times)
AMD (3 times)
WT (2 times)
1989 Precocious retinal adhesion is affected by furosemide and ouabain.
nisin resistance protein
(8 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
nsr (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
2009 Novel mechanism for nisin resistance via proteolytic degradation of nisin by the nisin resistance protein NSR.
noise-to-signal ratio
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BCG (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1986 Application of stochastic analysis to ultrasonic echoes--estimation of attenuation and tissue heterogeneity from peaks of echo envelope.
Northern Sea Route
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DGGE (1 time)
EBM-DEA (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2005 Influence of crude oil on changes of bacterial communities in Arctic sea-ice.
negative-strand RNA
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
RSV (2 times)
SYNV (2 times)
EGFP (1 time)
2013 Construction of a Sonchus Yellow Net Virus minireplicon: a step toward reverse genetic analysis of plant negative-strand RNA viruses.
non-sustained response
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
SR (5 times)
CHC (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1995 Serum levels of soluble interleukin-2 receptor in chronic hepatitis C treated with interferon-alpha.
10  nuclear spin-rotation
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
NMR (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
KB (1 time)
2013 Body-fixed relativistic molecular Hamiltonian and its application to nuclear spin-rotation tensor.
11  National Swine Registry
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ADSG (2 times)
NH (2 times)
DAN (1 time)
2004 National Pork Producers Council Maternal Line Genetic Evaluation: a comparison of growth and carcass traits in terminal progeny.
12  nitrogen stress response
(4 times)
Botany
(1 time)
PSR (1 time)
2010 GlnB/GlnK PII proteins and regulation of the Sinorhizobium meliloti Rm1021 nitrogen stress response and symbiotic function.
13  nonlinear stochastic regularization
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
cSVD (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
DSC-MRI (2 times)
2009 Nonlinear stochastic regularization to characterize tissue residue function in bolus-tracking MRI: assessment and comparison with SVD, block-circulant SVD, and Tikhonov.
14  nonspecific resistance
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
EAE (1 time)
LCT (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
1985 [Evaluation of the nonspecific resistance of diffuse peritonitis patients by using a lysosomal-cation test and indices of leukocyte phagocytic activity].
15  North Saskatchewan River
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BCFs (1 time)
Cl (1 time)
EEM-PARAFAC-PCA (1 time)
2017 Bioconcentration of polycyclic musks in fathead minnows caged in a wastewater effluent plume.
16  negative slope region
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PICs (1 time)
1984 Enhancement of inward current by serotonin in neurons of Aplysia.
17  network SR
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SR (3 times)
Ca i (1 time)
jSR (1 time)
1994 A dynamic model of the cardiac ventricular action potential. I. Simulations of ionic currents and concentration changes.
18  New Source Review
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AERMOD (1 time)
CAIR (1 time)
CAMx (1 time)
2008 Modeling the effects of changes in new source review on national SO2 and NOx emissions from electricity-generating units.
19  nonspreading RVFV
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
RVFV (3 times)
NDV-GnGc (1 time)
2013 A single vaccination with an improved nonspreading Rift Valley fever virus vaccine provides sterile immunity in lambs.
20  normalized stoichiometric ratio
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SNCR (3 times)
MSW (1 time)
NOx (1 time)
2005 Application of urea based SNCR system in the combustion effluent containing low level of baseline nitric oxide.
21  nanoscale surface roughness
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DDA (1 time)
IS (1 time)
LSPR (1 time)
2013 Revisiting Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Realistic Lithographic Gold Nanostripes.
22  negative symptoms remission
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BNSS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
2021 Impact of childhood trauma on positive and negative symptom remission in first episode psychosis.
23  nervous system regeneration
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
2020 Neurological Disorder Brain Model: A Lesson from Marine Worms (Annelida: Polychaeta).
24  net speech rate
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
tVSA (1 time)
VAI (1 time)
2010 Vowel articulation in Parkinson's disease.
25  non-shockable rhythm
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CPC (2 times)
CIs (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2015 Target temperature management of 33C and 36C in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with initial non-shockable rhythm - a TTM sub-study.
26  nonrigid symmetric registration
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ESM (1 time)
2016 Robust deformable registration of pre- and post-resection ultrasound volumes for visualization of residual tumor in neurosurgery.
27  nonspace restricted
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
GD (2 times)
USR (2 times)
eNOS (1 time)
2012 Ovine uterine space restriction alters placental transferrin receptor and fetal iron status during late pregnancy.
28  nonspreading Rift Valley fever virus
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2015 Preliminary Evaluation of a Bunyavirus Vector for Cancer Immunotherapy.
29  nonstructural region
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CVA20 (1 time)
cVDPV2 (1 time)
cVDPVs (1 time)
2015 Enterovirus C strains circulating in Nigeria and their contribution to the emergence of recombinant circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses.
30  nonstructured reports
(2 times)
Abdomen
(1 time)
SR (2 times)
CTE (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2017 Structured Reporting of Magnetic Resonance Enterography for Pediatric Crohn's Disease: Effect on Key Feature Reporting and Subjective Assessment of Disease by Referring Physicians.
31  normal saline resuscitation
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
NAME (3 times)
LPS (2 times)
MAP (1 time)
1994 Detrimental hemodynamic effects of nitric oxide synthase inhibition in septic shock.
32  normal sinus heart rate
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
P-D (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2006 The effect of ventricular sequential contraction on helical heart during pacing: high septal pacing versus biventricular pacing.
33  normal sinus rhythm controls
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
NVAF (2 times)
IGFALS (1 time)
LAAT (1 time)
2017 Impact of atrial fibrillation on platelet gene expression.
34  not-so-random
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PS (1 time)
2011 NSR-seq transcriptional profiling enables identification of a gene signature of Plasmodium falciparum parasites infecting children.
35  nuclear steroid receptor
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
UDCA (2 times)
GR (1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2005 Nuclear translocation of UDCA by the glucocorticoid receptor is required to reduce TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis in rat hepatocytes.
36  nucleolar stress response
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ISR (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
rDNA (1 time)
2019 Nucleolar and Ribosomal DNA Structure under Stress: Yeast Lessons for Aging and Cancer.
37  nugget-sill ratio
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
UL (1 time)
2019 Quantifying the scale effect in geospatial big data using semi-variograms.
38  hybrid-NOTES
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
LSR (1 time)
2020 Transvaginal hybrid-NOTES vs. traditional laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis: a short-term comparative study.
39  NAD(P)H elemental sulfur oxidoreductase
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
MBH (1 time)
MBX (1 time)
2007 Insights into the metabolism of elemental sulfur by the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus: characterization of a coenzyme A- dependent NAD(P)H sulfur oxidoreductase.
40  NADH-dependent sulfur reductase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Elemental sulfur reduction in the deep-sea vent thermophile, Thermovibrio ammonificans.
41  NADPH sulfur oxidoreductase
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
MBX (1 time)
SipA (1 time)
2011 Deletion strains reveal metabolic roles for key elemental sulfur-responsive proteins in Pyrococcus furiosus.
42  naloxone sustained release
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
OIC (1 time)
2015 New Formulation of Sustained Release Naloxone Can Reverse Opioid Induced Constipation Without Compromising the Desired Opioid Effects.
43  nano slot resonator
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DSRR (1 time)
THz (1 time)
2019 Terahertz optical characteristics of two types of metamaterials for molecule sensing.
44  nanoparticles
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MSNs (1 time)
NI (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2017 A comparison between sphere and rod nanoparticles regarding their in vivo biological behavior and pharmacokinetics.
45  nanoscale solvothermal reaction
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Quantum confinement effect of CdSe induced by nanoscale solvothermal reaction.
46  Narrative Score Report
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CBTIs (1 time)
HRDR (1 time)
1992 Assessing the validity of computer-based test interpretations: rating reliability and individual differences among raters.
47  nasal septal reconstruction
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FESS (1 time)
2018 Potential risk factors associated with the development of synechiae following functional endoscopic sinus surgery.
48  nasal sidewall rotation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 The nasal sidewall rotation flap: a workhorse flap for small defects of the distal nose.
49  nasal spine region
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CSEG (1 time)
2019 Caudal Septal Extension Graft Sutured with Absorbable Material and Not Fixed to the Nasal Spine Region Compared with the Conventional Fixation Method: A Retrospective Study.
50  natural service buck replacement
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2011 Optimized diffusion of buck semen for saving genetic variability in selected dairy goat populations.
51  natural sex reversal
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PSR (1 time)
SSR (1 time)
2018 Roles of estrogens in fish sexual plasticity and sex differentiation.
52  natural solar radiation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LB (1 time)
2005 Genome-wide examination of the natural solar radiation response in Shewanella oneidensis MR-1.
53  nauplius survival rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CRT-Index (1 time)
DCB (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2020 A novel index based on planktonic copepod reproductive traits as a tool for marine ecotoxicology studies.
54  nausea syndrome rating
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
GMSQ (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
REE (1 time)
2016 Motion Sickness and Resting Energy Expenditure in Chinese Male Adults.
55  neck shortening ratio
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FVFG (1 time)
NSA (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2019 Vascularized Fibular Grafting in Treatment of Femoral Neck Nonunion: A Prognostic Study Based on Long-Term Outcomes.
56  nectar secretion rate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FBD (1 time)
2006 Effect of nectar secretion rate on pollination success of Passiflora coccinea (Passifloraceae) in the Central Amazon.
57  negative spouse responses
(1 time)
Behavioral Medicine
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
2012 Association between pain catastrophizing, spouse responses to pain, and blood pressure in chronic pain patients: a pathway to potential comorbidity.
58  negative superovulatory response
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PSR (1 time)
1990 Effect of timing of prostaglandin PGF 2 alpha injection subsequent to embryo collection on the resumption of normal follicular development following superovulatory treatment in cattle.
59  negative-sense and ambisense RNA
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2020 The Plant Negative-Sense RNA Virosphere: Virus Discovery Through New Eyes.
60  neomycin-sensing riboswitch
(1 time)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
PTs (1 time)
QM (1 time)
2021 Phosphorothioate Substitutions in RNA Structure Studied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations, QM/MM Calculations, and NMR Experiments.
61  Neonatal Seizure Registry
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
cEEG (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2021 Seizure Control in Neonates Undergoing Screening vs Confirmatory EEG Monitoring.
62  net solar radiation
(1 time)
AOD (1 time)
CERES (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
2021 Reduction of surface radiative forcing observed from remote sensing data during global COVID-19 lockdown.
63  Netherlands Sleep Registry
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic: not one size fits all.
64  neural speech recognition
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
STG (1 time)
2016 Neural speech recognition: continuous phoneme decoding using spatiotemporal representations of human cortical activity.
65  neuronal spike rate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
AM (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2013 Encoding of the amplitude modulation of pulsatile electrical stimulation in the feline cochlear nucleus by neurons in the inferior colliculus; effects of stimulus pulse rate.
66  neurons of stratum radiatum-moleculare
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1988 [Action of mediators on pyramidal and nonpyramidal neurons in slices of the guinea pig hippocampus].
67  neurosecretory regions
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
NSC (1 time)
1994 Localization of insulin-like immunoreactivity in the synganglion of nymphal and adult Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae).
68  neurosurgery residency
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
2020 Trends in United States neurosurgery residency education and training over the last decade (2009-2019).
69  neurosurgical resection
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
KPS (2 times)
BMs (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2020 Mortality, Morbidity, and Prognostic Factors in the Surgical Resection of Brain Metastases: A Contemporary Cohort Study.
70  NIOSH statistical regression
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
E/IH (1 time)
EO (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2019 Reevaluation of Historical Exposures to Ethylene Oxide Among U.S. Sterilization Workers in the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Study Cohort.
71  nisin resistance system
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2021 A Bioengineered Nisin Derivative To Control Streptococcus uberis Biofilms.
72  nitrogen starvation response
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2021 GARP transcription factors repress Arabidopsis nitrogen starvation response via ROS-dependent and -independent pathways.
73  nitrogen storage and reduction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
STM (1 time)
TR-IRAS (1 time)
2008 Interaction of NO2 with model NSR catalysts: metal-oxide interaction controls initial NOx storage mechanism.
74  nitrogen-to-solid ratio
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
BBD (1 time)
EEF (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2021 Effect and Optimization of Process Conditions during Solvolysis and Torrefaction of Pine Sawdust Using the Desirability Function and Genetic Algorithm.
75  nitrosative stress response genes
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EN (1 time)
NRC (1 time)
SRB (1 time)
2020 Experimental evolution reveals nitrate tolerance mechanisms in Desulfovibrio vulgaris.
76  no-stretching regime
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
3DSR (1 time)
6DSR (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2009 Effects of a stretching regime on stride length and range of motion in equine trot.
77  Nogo-A-specific region
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NCAN (1 time)
rtn4 (1 time)
2010 Origin of Nogo-A by domain shuffling in an early jawed vertebrate.
78  noise suppression rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EEMD (1 time)
IMF (1 time)
2016 [Removal Algorithm of Power Line Interference in Electrocardiogram Based on Morphological Component Analysis and Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition].
79  Noise Suppression Ratio
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EMBM (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 A prospective case study of high boost, high frequency emphasis and two-way diffusion filters on MR images of glioblastoma multiforme.
80  noise-selective region
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FMSR (1 time)
SRFs (1 time)
2015 Mechanisms of Sound Localization in Two Functionally Distinct Regions of the Auditory Cortex.
81  noise-to-signal power ratios
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
PSF (1 time)
2020 Restoration of I-131 whole body image using a Wiener filter.
82  noise-to-slope ratio
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
NGS (1 time)
RWT (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
2016 A no-gold-standard technique for objective assessment of quantitative nuclear-medicine imaging methods.
83  non-selection-related
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
SR (1 time)
1999 A classification based on T cell selection-related phenotypes identifies a subgroup of childhood T-ALL with favorable outcome in the COALL studies.
84  non-severe rejection
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
MMP-3 (1 time)
TCMR (1 time)
VCA (1 time)
2019 MMP3 Is a Non-invasive Biomarker of Rejection in Skin-Bearing Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation: A Multicenter Validation Study.
85  non-sleep restriction
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSR (1 time)
FR (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2013 A novel model of chronic sleep restriction reveals an increase in the perceived incentive reward value of cocaine in high drug-taking rats.
86  non-specific reactive
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CALD (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2011 Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma arising in chronic advanced liver disease and the cholangiocarcinomatous component of hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma share common phenotypes and cholangiocarcinogenesis.
87  non-specific red cell reactivity
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
HDFN (1 time)
2015 Non-specific red cell reactivity in an obstetric population.
88  non-spontaneous recovery
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
KCC (1 time)
MELD (1 time)
2013 Serum sodium based modification of the MELD does not improve prediction of outcome in acute liver failure.
89  non-stand-replacing
(1 time)
Ecology
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2013 Fire-mediated pathways of stand development in Douglas-fir/ western hemlock forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA.
90  non-standardized reporting
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CAD-RADS (1 time)
CCTA (1 time)
2019 Adoption of the Coronary Artery Disease-reporting and Data System: Reduced Downstream Testing and Cardiology Referral Rates in Patients with Non-obstructive Coronary Artery Disease.
91  non-stent retriever
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
mTICI (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2015 Periprocedural cost-effectiveness analysis of mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke in the stent retriever era.
92  non-stress-relieved
(1 time)
SLM (1 time)
SP (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2019 Influences of Horizontal and Vertical Build Orientations and Post-Fabrication Processes on the Fatigue Behavior of Stainless Steel 316L Produced by Selective Laser Melting.
93  non-surgical reduction
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Management of intussusception.
94  non-surgical respondents
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2021 Barriers to Parental Leave During Training: Time for Change.
95  non-surgically
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
2020 Long-term outcomes of clinical and pathological-staged T3 N3 esophageal cancer.
96  non-suspended rats
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
DFM (1 time)
FD (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2004 Sympathetic nervous system as transmitter of mechanical loading in bone.
97  Non-sustained release
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MWMT (1 time)
SIF (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2013 Preparation, drug releasing property and pharmacodynamics of soy isoflavone-loaded chitosan microspheres.
98  non-sustained remission
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
DAS28 (1 time)
HAQ (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2016 Sustained Remission Improves Physical Function in Patients with Established Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Should Be a Treatment Goal: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study from Southern Sweden.
99  non-sustained/non-responder
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2005 Responsiveness to interferon alpha in chronic hepatitis B by presumed vertical transmission.
100  non-traumatic splenic rupture
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
cases I-IV (1 time)
2008 Non-traumatic splenic rupture: report of seven cases and review of the literature.