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Abbreviation: OA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
osteoarthritis
(25933 times)
Rheumatology
(7795 times)
RA (2650 times)
WOMAC (1119 times)
VAS (798 times)
1975 Inorganic pyrophosphate pool size and turnover rate in arthritic joints.
oleic acid
(2743 times)
Biochemistry
(378 times)
PA (168 times)
LA (159 times)
UA (134 times)
1975 Influence of mixtures of taurocholate, fatty acids, and monolein on the toxic effects of deoxycholate in rat jejunum in vivo.
okadaic acid
(1176 times)
Toxicology
(185 times)
DSP (156 times)
DTX-1 (100 times)
PP2A (97 times)
1987 Calcium-independent phosphorylation of smooth muscle myosin light chain by okadaic acid isolated from black sponge (Halichondria okadai).
ovalbumin
(709 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(293 times)
BAL (58 times)
ACh (33 times)
BALF (31 times)
1971 Cutaneous basophil (Jones-Mote) hypersensitivity after "tolerogenic" doses of intravenous ovalbumin in the guinea pig.
ocean acidification
(532 times)
Environmental Health
(168 times)
OW (14 times)
CCA (12 times)
DIC (11 times)
2010 Near future ocean acidification increases growth rate of the lecithotrophic larvae and juveniles of the sea star Crossaster papposus.
ophthalmic artery
(396 times)
Ophthalmology
(179 times)
CRA (173 times)
RI (140 times)
PSV (114 times)
1986 Retinal artery pressure and cerebral artery perfusion pressure in cerebrovascular occlusive disease.
occupational asthma
(362 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(108 times)
WEA (35 times)
SIC (32 times)
WRA (26 times)
1992 Changes in interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor production by peripheral blood monocytes after specific bronchoprovocation test in occupational asthma.
open appendectomy
(314 times)
General Surgery
(210 times)
LA (289 times)
LOS (32 times)
CI (17 times)
1992 Is there a role for laparoscopic appendectomy in pediatric surgery?
octopamine
(257 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
DA (55 times)
TA (48 times)
CNS (10 times)
1983 Modulation of synaptic transmission and excitation-contraction coupling in the opener muscle of the crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus, by 5-hydroxytryptamine and octopamine.
10  older adults
(256 times)
Geriatrics
(60 times)
YA (124 times)
PD (11 times)
AD (10 times)
1996 Adaptations of myonuclei to hypertrophy in patagialis muscle fibers from aged quail.
11  ochratoxin A
(217 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(60 times)
DON (9 times)
AFB1 (7 times)
HPLC (7 times)
1978 Ochratoxicosis in White Leghorn hens.
12  obstructive azoospermia
(185 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(83 times)
NOA (112 times)
ICSI (32 times)
TESE (22 times)
1996 Electrovasogram in patients with obstructive azoospermia and absent vas deferens.
13  organic aerosol
(166 times)
Environmental Health
(132 times)
SOA (51 times)
PMF (23 times)
AMS (18 times)
2008 O/C and OM/OC ratios of primary, secondary, and ambient organic aerosols with high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometry.
14  open access
(146 times)
Medicine
(25 times)
APCs (8 times)
DOAJ (5 times)
IF (5 times)
2004 Protein open-access liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
15  open abdomen
(140 times)
General Surgery
(59 times)
NPWT (26 times)
TAC (19 times)
EAF (14 times)
2004 [Open vs. closed abdomen in acute peritonitis. A comparative study].
16  oral appliance
(134 times)
Dentistry
(49 times)
OSA (72 times)
AHI (49 times)
CPAP (29 times)
1996 A randomized crossover study of an oral appliance vs nasal-continuous positive airway pressure in the treatment of mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
17  occipital artery
(107 times)
Neurosurgery
(63 times)
PICA (31 times)
STA (23 times)
VA (15 times)
1983 Short vein grafts for cerebral revascularization.
18  oesophageal atresia
(99 times)
Pediatrics
(66 times)
TOF (35 times)
CBPFM (3 times)
CDH (3 times)
1994 MSAFP levels and oesophageal atresia.
19  overall accuracy
(95 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(22 times)
NPV (15 times)
PPV (15 times)
SVM (13 times)
1998 Proposed new duplex classification for threshold stenoses used in various symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid endarterectomy trials.
20  oral anticoagulants
(92 times)
Vascular Diseases
(25 times)
AF (10 times)
INR (10 times)
LMWH (7 times)
1979 [Control of oral anticoagulation: comparison between Quick and colorimetric factor X determination in 107 patients].
21  older adults with osteoarthritis
(77 times)
Rheumatology
(27 times)
WOMAC (8 times)
BMI (6 times)
PA (4 times)
1997 Compliance to exercise therapy in older participants with knee osteoarthritis: implications for treating disability.
22  optoacoustic
(66 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
US (11 times)
RBCs (3 times)
BI-RADS (2 times)
1999 Laser ultrasonic transport of drugs in living tissues.
23  orbital atherectomy
(55 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
PCI (23 times)
MACE (15 times)
RA (12 times)
2010 Orbital atherectomy for symptomatic lower extremity disease.
24  oriented attachment
(48 times)
Nanotechnology
(15 times)
OR (11 times)
TEM (5 times)
HRTEM (4 times)
2006 A multistep oriented attachment kinetics: coarsening of ZnS nanoparticle in concentrated NaOH.
25  osmotic adjustment
(45 times)
Botany
(26 times)
RWC (11 times)
GABA (5 times)
ABA (4 times)
1992 Osmotic Adjustment in Sorghum: II. Relationship to Gas Exchange Rates.
26  orthogonal array
(42 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DoE (13 times)
ANOVA (6 times)
SEM (6 times)
1994 Freeze-fracture analysis of muscle plasma membrane in Becker's muscular dystrophy.
27  obstructive apnea
(37 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
CA (15 times)
AHI (5 times)
OSA (5 times)
1990 Influence of apnea type and sleep stage on nocturnal postapneic desaturation.
28  Offset analgesia
(35 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
CPM (10 times)
TSP (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2011 Effect of ketamine on endogenous pain modulation in healthy volunteers.
29  Oroxylin A
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
AML (2 times)
BA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
2012 Pharmacokinetic interactions among major bioactive components in Radix Scutellariae via metabolic competition.
30  osteoactivin
(34 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
GPNMB (4 times)
WT (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
2003 Osteoactivin expressed during cirrhosis development in rats fed a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined diet, accelerates motility of hepatoma cells.
31  ocular albinism
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
OCA (21 times)
HPS (4 times)
TYR (4 times)
1994 Molecular genetics of oculocutaneous albinism.
32  octa acid
(30 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
CB7 (3 times)
CB8 (3 times)
MD (3 times)
2009 Nature of supramolecular complexes controlled by the structure of the guest molecules: formation of octa acid based capsuleplex and cavitandplex.
33  optic atrophy
(30 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
DM (14 times)
DI (10 times)
WS (5 times)
1979 Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and deafness. A clinical and genetic study.
34  occiput anterior
(29 times)
Obstetrics
(22 times)
OP (22 times)
AoP (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1987 Influence of the pelvic outlet capacity on fetal head presentation at delivery.
35  oxidative addition
(29 times)
Chemistry
(25 times)
RE (8 times)
DFT (7 times)
CMD (2 times)
1997 Comparison of H-H versus Si-H sigma-Bond Coordination and Activation on 16e Metal Fragments. Organosilane, N(2), and Ethylene Addition to the Agostic Complex W(CO)(3)(PR(3))(2) and Dynamic NMR Behavior of the Latter.
36  oleate
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PA (13 times)
ALA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
1997 A two-site model for ApoB degradation in HepG2 cells.
37  ophthalmic
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
CRA (22 times)
RI (16 times)
EDV (12 times)
1996 Effect of oral nifedipine on ocular blood flow in patients with low tension glaucoma.
38  opioid analgesics
(28 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
ED (3 times)
BZD (2 times)
DDD (2 times)
1994 Evaluation of cost minimization strategies of anaesthetic drugs in a tertiary care hospital.
39  oligoastrocytomas
(27 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
OD (9 times)
AC (4 times)
AOA (4 times)
1997 A clinicopathologic study of 30 cases of oligoastrocytoma including p53 immunohistochemistry.
40  osteoarthritis of the hip
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
ION (3 times)
KOOS (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
1982 [A biomechanical study of osteoarthritis of the knee with special reference to the rotatory movement of the knee joint].
41  obesity and osteoarthritis
(25 times)
Rheumatology
(9 times)
BMI (6 times)
CI (2 times)
AKSS (1 time)
1988 Osteoarthritis and obesity in the general population. A relationship calling for an explanation.
42  optical absorption
(25 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
PL (10 times)
NCs (4 times)
XRD (4 times)
1987 Determination of ruthenium on DNA by XRF.
43  oatmeal agar
(23 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
PDA (18 times)
ITS (11 times)
MEA (10 times)
2007 Growth and mycotoxin production by Chaetomium globosum.
44  organic acidemias
(23 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
UCD (7 times)
MSUD (6 times)
PA (5 times)
2001 Establishing gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to diagnose organic acidemias in Thailand.
45  oleanolic
(21 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MA (6 times)
UA (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2003 Cardiovascular, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant effects of oleanolic and ursolic acids in experimental hypertension.
46  oligoasthenozoospermia
(21 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
ICSI (6 times)
ROS (5 times)
CoQ10 (3 times)
2000 Human male infertility: chromosome anomalies, meiotic disorders, abnormal spermatozoa and recurrent abortion.
47  Orang Asli
(20 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
MetS (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
2015 Cardio-metabolic health risks in indigenous populations of Southeast Asia and the influence of urbanization.
48  oesophageal adenocarcinoma
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
BM (3 times)
BO (3 times)
GCA (2 times)
1999 Acidic fibroblast growth factor is progressively increased in the development of oesophageal glandular dysplasia and adenocarcinoma.
49  onset and progression of osteoarthritis
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
DMM (3 times)
OARSI (3 times)
BTX-A (2 times)
2003 Subchondral bone changes in hand and knee osteoarthritis detected by radiography.
50  open approach
(19 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
LA (12 times)
BMI (2 times)
MIA (2 times)
2007 [Intraabdominal septic complications in laparoscopic appendectomy: description of a possible new intraabdominal septic complication specific to laparoscopic appendectomy].
51  optic ataxia
(18 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
PPC (5 times)
POJ (2 times)
SPL (2 times)
2006 No double-dissociation between optic ataxia and visual agnosia: multiple sub-streams for multiple visuo-manual integrations.
52  organic anion
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
OC (3 times)
PAH (3 times)
APC (2 times)
1983 Organic anion infusions exacerbate experimental acute renal failure.
53  oral antibiotics
(17 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
MBP (9 times)
SSI (7 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2001 Antibiotic use, hospital admissions, and mortality before and after implementing guidelines for nursing home-acquired pneumonia.
54  osteoporosis and osteoarthritis
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
BMD (4 times)
RA (2 times)
BMLs (1 time)
1993 Bone mineral density and knee osteoarthritis in elderly men and women. The Framingham Study.
55  OBJECTIVE: Although osteoarthritis
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(10 times)
ANA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CILP (1 time)
2003 One of two chondrocyte-expressed isoforms of cartilage intermediate-layer protein functions as an insulin-like growth factor 1 antagonist.
56  oligo-anovulation
(14 times)
Gynecology
(7 times)
PCOS (14 times)
HA (12 times)
PCOM (9 times)
2006 Oligoanovulation with polycystic ovaries but not overt hyperandrogenism.
57  ovarian artery
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
UA (6 times)
BF (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1985 Characteristics of prostaglandin F measurements in the ovarian circulation during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in the cow.
58  oxaloacetate
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ROS (3 times)
OXPHOS (2 times)
Pyr (2 times)
1987 Regulation of aerobic fermentation in Leishmania donovani promastigotes by NADP+-dependent malic enzyme.
59  overall agreement
(13 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PPA (3 times)
Ct (2 times)
NA (2 times)
1997 [Cytohistological agreement of fine-needle transthoracic lung puncture-aspiration (FNTLPA) in malignant lesions].
60  OA group
(12 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AaDO2 (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1997 Impairment of neural nitric oxide-mediated relaxation after antigen exposure in guinea pig airways in vitro.
61  open-aperture
(12 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
SA (6 times)
RSA (3 times)
TPA (3 times)
2008 Nonlinear absorption in CuPc-doped PMMA thin film in the femtosecond regime: experimental and theoretical studies.
62  organic amendments
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
FC (2 times)
GHG (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2010 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus enhances P acquisition of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in a sandy loam soil with long-term inorganic fertilization regime.
63  overall acceptability
(12 times)
Food
(3 times)
LAB (3 times)
VC (3 times)
AG (2 times)
2017 Optimization of microwave roasting of peanuts and evaluation of its physicochemical and sensory attributes.
64  object alternation
(11 times)
Brain
(4 times)
DA (5 times)
DR (3 times)
WCST (3 times)
1990 Object alternation and orbitofrontal system dysfunction in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
65  ocular adnexal
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
EMZL (2 times)
ASCT (1 time)
2015 Ocular adnexal (orbital) solitary fibrous tumor: nuclear STAT6 expression and literature review.
66  oligo/amenorrhea
(11 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
PCOS (8 times)
HA (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
2013 Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: AMH in combination with clinical symptoms.
67  oncolytic adenovirus
(11 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
Ad5 (1 time)
BCMNs (1 time)
CD55-TMn (1 time)
2014 The application of multiple miRNA response elements enables oncolytic adenoviruses to possess specificity to glioma cells.
68  optical activity
(11 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CD (1 time)
CDSAs (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
2005 Pulse-off electro-optic Q-switch made of La3Ga5SiO14.
69  orotate
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
DHO (5 times)
DHODS (3 times)
PRPP (3 times)
1979 Effect of 6-azauridine on de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis in cultured Ehrlich ascites cells. Orotate inhibition of dihydroorotase and dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.
70  anti-ovalbumin
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BAL (1 time)
CyA (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
1978 Severe combined immunodeficiency disease: a model of T-cell dysfunction.
71  L-ornithine-L-aspartate
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
HE (2 times)
ALF (1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
1997 L-ornithine vs. L-ornithine-L-aspartate as a treatment for hyperammonemia-induced encephalopathy in rats.
72  obturator artery
(10 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
CTA (2 times)
IEA (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
2004 Important anatomical structures used in paravaginal defect repair: cadaveric study.
73  occupational activity
(10 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
PA (5 times)
LTPA (3 times)
AT (1 time)
2001 Relationship of leisure-time physical activity and occupational activity to the prevalence of obesity.
74  occurrence and development of osteoarthritis
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ACLT (1 time)
ATF4 (1 time)
BDKRB2 (1 time)
2012 [hMLH1 gene promoter methylation in joint cartilage in patients with osteoarthritis].
75  ocular allergy
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2017 Diagnostic tools in ocular allergy.
76  Odontoameloblastoma
(10 times)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(3 times)
WHO (1 time)
2003 Odontoameloblastoma. Clinico-pathologic study of three cases and critical review of the literature.
77  opioid addiction
(10 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1998 A pilot study comparing severely and persistently mentally ill opiate-addicted patients in dual-diagnosis treatment with patients in methadone maintenance.
78  oral apparatus
(10 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
CVP (1 time)
mum (1 time)
OP (1 time)
1980 Ultrastructural aspect of size dependent regulation of surface pattern of complex ciliary organelle in a protozoan ciliate.
79  osteoarthritis patients
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
RA (5 times)
HS (2 times)
SF (2 times)
1990 Cellular enzymatic activities in the articular cartilage of osteoarthritic and osteoporotic hip joints of humans: a quantitative cytochemical study.
80  ovarian ablation
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AI (5 times)
OFS (3 times)
CMF (2 times)
2000 Current and future directions in medical therapy for breast carcinoma: endocrine treatment.
81  oxidized alginate
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ECM (2 times)
Col (1 time)
COS (1 time)
2013 Efficient cytosolic delivery mediated by polymersomes facilely prepared from a degradable, amphiphilic, and amphoteric copolymer.
82  open arm
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EPM (5 times)
CA (2 times)
CSC (2 times)
2004 Neurobiological correlates of high (HAB) versus low anxiety-related behavior (LAB): differential Fos expression in HAB and LAB rats.
83  oropharyngeal aspiration
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LPS (3 times)
ALI (2 times)
BALF (2 times)
2006 Oropharyngeal aspiration of a silica suspension produces a superior model of silicosis in the mouse when compared to intratracheal instillation.
84  octadecylamine
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FTIR (3 times)
DA (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2015 Hydrophobic surface functionalization of lignocellulosic jute fabrics by enzymatic grafting of octadecylamine.
85  octreotide acetate
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BT (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
1994 Postreceptor signal transduction mechanisms involved in octreotide-induced inhibition of angiogenesis.
86  old-aged
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
MA (5 times)
YA (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2008 Age-related attenuation of isoflurane preconditioning in human atrial cardiomyocytes: roles for mitochondrial respiration and sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel activity.
87  oleuropein aglycone
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
EVOO (3 times)
AD (1 time)
BAS (1 time)
2010 Separation and identification of phenolic compounds of extra virgin olive oil from Olea europaea L. by HPLC-DAD-SPE-NMR/MS. Identification of a new diastereoisomer of the aldehydic form of oleuropein aglycone.
88  oral administration
(8 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
ARC (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1991 Pharmacokinetics and optimum dose of disopyramide in patients with chronic renal failure.
89  osteoarticular
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
AB (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
2003 Risks and complications of prolonged parenteral antibiotic treatment in children with acute osteoarticular infections.
90  occlusal appliance
(7 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
RT (3 times)
CO (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2013 The occlusal appliance effect on myofascial pain.
91  ocular artifacts
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DWT (4 times)
EEG (4 times)
ANC (3 times)
2009 Quantitative evaluation of ocular artifact removal methods based on real and estimated EOG signals.
92  olivetolic acid
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
OAC (2 times)
PA (2 times)
CBGA (1 time)
2012 Identification of olivetolic acid cyclase from Cannabis sativa reveals a unique catalytic route to plant polyketides.
93  opening angle
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
DDL (1 time)
2009 A transesophageal echocardiographic and cine-fluoroscopic evaluation of an ATS prosthetic valve opening.
94  orbital apex
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
FR (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2013 A quantitative method for assessing the degree of axial proptosis in relation to orbital tissue involvement in Graves' orbitopathy.
95  organic agriculture
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CA (5 times)
CT (2 times)
CGE (1 time)
2018 Is Bhutan destined for 100% organic? Assessing the economy-wide effects of a large-scale conversion policy.
96  Orolingual angioedema
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
rt-PA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACEi (1 time)
2009 [Orolingual angioedema under systemic thrombolysis with rt-PA: an underestimated side effect].
97  Overeaters Anonymous
(7 times)
Eating Disorders
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
ED (1 time)
1989 Towards an ecological understanding of mutual-help groups: the social ecology of "fit".
98  occipitoatlantal
(6 times)
Osteopathic Medicine
(3 times)
FE (2 times)
RCPm (2 times)
TL (2 times)
2014 Modeling length-tension properties of RCPm muscles during voluntary retraction of the head.
99  open angle
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AC (4 times)
ACA (2 times)
ACD (2 times)
2012 Choroidal thickness change after water drinking is greater in angle closure than in open angle eyes.
100  operational architectonics
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
EEG (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
OM (1 time)
2006 Timing in cognition and EEG brain dynamics: discreteness versus continuity.