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Abbreviation: OB
Appearance Frequency: 4528 time(s)
Long forms: 401

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
olfactory bulb
(1647 times)
Neurology
(731 times)
SVZ (200 times)
RMS (133 times)
OE (78 times)
1975 An olfactory projection area in orbitofrontal cortex of the monkey.
obese
(580 times)
Metabolism
(99 times)
NW (154 times)
OW (136 times)
BMI (95 times)
1973 The influence of genetic background on the expression of the obese (Ob) gene in the mouse.
obesity
(290 times)
Metabolism
(64 times)
OW (79 times)
BMI (59 times)
NW (37 times)
1988 Genetic control of organ-reactive autoantibody production in mice by obesity (ob) diabetes (db) genes.
osteoblast
(285 times)
Orthopedics
(46 times)
OC (67 times)
ALP (34 times)
BM (18 times)
1983 Differential sensitivity of osteoclasts and osteoblasts suggests that prostaglandin E1 effects on bone may be mediated primarily through the osteoclasts.
obliterative bronchiolitis
(279 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(114 times)
BOS (32 times)
CMV (13 times)
BAL (11 times)
1983 Upper and lower airway disease in penicillamine treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
olfactory bulbectomy
(97 times)
Psychopharmacology
(33 times)
BDNF (8 times)
PFC (6 times)
TST (5 times)
1983 Tofisopam, a new 2,3-benzodiazepine. Inhibition of changes induced by stress loading and hypothalamic stimulation.
oestradiol benzoate
(87 times)
Endocrinology
(65 times)
TP (12 times)
MPOA (8 times)
LH (7 times)
1975 Restoration by oestradiol benzoate of a neural and hormonal rhythm in the ovariectomized rat.
oligoclonal bands
(70 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
CSF (32 times)
MS (30 times)
IEF (12 times)
1978 CSF electrophoresis: an adaptation using cellulose acetate for the identification of oligoclonal banding.
oligosaccharide-binding
(70 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
RPA (12 times)
ssDNA (10 times)
SSB (5 times)
1997 The human EBNA-2 coactivator p100: multidomain organization and relationship to the staphylococcal nuclease fold and to the tudor protein involved in Drosophila melanogaster development.
10  occlusion body
(46 times)
Virology
(17 times)
AcMNPV (6 times)
BmNPV (5 times)
NPV (5 times)
1983 Analysis of a mutant of Autographa california nuclear polyhedrosis virus with a defect in the morphogenesis of the occlusion body macromolecular lattice.
11  obstetric
(40 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
GYN (5 times)
ED (2 times)
NA (2 times)
1983 Provider continuity and quality of medical care. A retrospective analysis of prenatal and perinatal outcome.
12  oxidative burst
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
PMA (7 times)
MPM (3 times)
PEC (3 times)
1981 Rapid microassays for the measurement of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide production by macrophages in culture using an automatic enzyme immunoassay reader.
13  oral bioavailability
(37 times)
Complementary Therapies
(13 times)
DL (32 times)
GO (11 times)
PPI (9 times)
2002 Evolutionary computational methods to predict oral bioavailability QSPRs.
14  oligonucleotide-binding
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
ssDNA (6 times)
SSBs (5 times)
HhH (2 times)
1994 Solution structure of the active domain of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2. A new member of the OB fold protein family.
15  Otilonium bromide
(34 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
IBS (13 times)
NKA (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1988 Further studies on the pharmacodynamic properties and organ selectivity of octylonium bromide.
16  osteoblastoma
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
OO (6 times)
RFA (6 times)
CT (5 times)
1992 Cementoblastoma and osteoblastoma: a comparison of histologic features.
17  overbite
(23 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
OJ (16 times)
Pog (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1985 Effects of the degree of overbite and overjet on dental health.
18  oat bran
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
ATTD (3 times)
CB (3 times)
DF (3 times)
1985 Dietary fiber effects on passage rate and breath hydrogen.
19  optical bistability
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
OM (5 times)
EIT (2 times)
MNP (2 times)
1987 Optical bistability by photothermal displacement in prism coupling into planar waveguides.
20  osteoblast-like
(17 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
OC (4 times)
PTH (4 times)
cAMP (2 times)
1979 Glucocorticoid receptors and actions in subpopulations of cultured rat bone cells. Mechanism of dexamethasone potentiation of parathyroid hormone-stimulated cyclic AMP production.
21  overactive bladder
(15 times)
Urology
(12 times)
BOO (2 times)
BP (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
2001 BPH with coexisting overactive bladder dysfunction--an everyday urological dilemma.
22  obese patients
(14 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMI (3 times)
FFA (2 times)
GHD (2 times)
1989 Elevated pancreatic glucagon in moderately obese patients: relationship of fatty liver and hypertriglyceridemia.
23  occult bacteremia
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
CI (3 times)
ED (2 times)
PCV (2 times)
1994 Diagnostic tests for occult bacteremia: temperature response to acetaminophen versus WBC count.
24  Ocimum basilicum
(14 times)
Food Analysis
(3 times)
BDNF (3 times)
CUMS (3 times)
GFAP (2 times)
2005 Antiviral activities of extracts and selected pure constituents of Ocimum basilicum.
25  oil body
(14 times)
Botany
(6 times)
NO (2 times)
OBs (2 times)
OLAF (2 times)
2011 A stress-responsive caleosin-like protein, AtCLO4, acts as a negative regulator of ABA responses in Arabidopsis.
26  osteoblast-like cells
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
PF (2 times)
ADFs (1 time)
1987 Triiodothyronine stimulates proliferation of osteoblast-like cells in serum-free culture.
27  obestatin
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
AG (7 times)
UAG (6 times)
GLP-1 (2 times)
2010 Unacylated ghrelin and obestatin increase islet cell mass and prevent diabetes in streptozotocin-treated newborn rats.
28  observation
(12 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
OS (4 times)
HR (3 times)
AT (2 times)
2000 Changing times and the treatment of liver injury.
29  optimized background
(12 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(8 times)
ENF (7 times)
TORO (4 times)
ARV (2 times)
2003 Enfuvirtide.
30  originator brand
(12 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LPG (9 times)
IRPs (5 times)
WHO (4 times)
2013 A national survey of price and affordability of key essential medicines for children in Sri Lanka.
31  oblique
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ATR (3 times)
WTR (3 times)
ACD (2 times)
1976 Pollen ultrastructure in anther cultures of Datura innoxia. III. Incomplete microspore division.
32  open bite
(11 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
CB (2 times)
CG (2 times)
1984 Components of adult Class III open-bite malocclusion.
33  obese group
(10 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
BMI (3 times)
NW (3 times)
OW (3 times)
2008 Dyslipidemia in children with type 2 diabetes vs. obesity.
34  obesogenic
(10 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CON (3 times)
FR (3 times)
DA (2 times)
2009 Maternal obesity downregulates myogenesis and beta-catenin signaling in fetal skeletal muscle.
35  obese adolescents
(9 times)
Obesity
(3 times)
GET (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
HW (2 times)
2010 Gas exchange kinetics in obese adolescents. Inferences on exercise tolerance and prescription.
36  obliterans
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
BOS (2 times)
ABB (1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1990 HLA-class II antigen expression in human heart-lung allografts.
37  obstetrician
(9 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
FP (2 times)
AABP (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
1980 Obstetrical care in a prepaid cooperative: a comparison between family practice residents, family physicians, and obstetricians.
38  occult blood
(9 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
IBD (2 times)
99mTc-WCS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1991 Mass screening for rectal neoplasm in Jiashan County, China.
39  overburden
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
RMS (2 times)
CS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1985 Forage production and quality as influenced by amended quartz sand-tailings following phosphate mining.
40  obese subjects
(7 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
BMI (2 times)
AN (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2002 Plasma ghrelin, obesity, and the polycystic ovary syndrome: correlation with insulin resistance and androgen levels.
41  ochratoxin B
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
OA (7 times)
AUC (2 times)
CIT (1 time)
1983 Ochratoxins A and B, Xanthomegnin, Viomellein and Vioxanthin Production by Isolates of Aspergillus ochraceus from Green Coffee Beans.
42  open biopsy
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
USCB (3 times)
CNB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2008 Fine needle aspiration cytology in the investigation of breast lumps at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia.
43  optimistic bias
(7 times)
Education
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
dmPFC (1 time)
DO (1 time)
2011 The influence of body mass index, sex, and race on college students' optimistic bias for lifestyle healthfulness.
44  obese women
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1998 GH response to GHRH combined with pyridostigmine or arginine in different conditions of low somatotrope secretion in adulthood: obesity and Cushing's syndrome in comparison with hypopituitarism.
45  One-up Bond F
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
SB (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
2002 Inhibition of artificial secondary caries by fluoride-releasing adhesives on root dentin.
46  OptiBond Solo Plus
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
OS (4 times)
SB (4 times)
PB (3 times)
2005 Single-bottle adhesives behave as permeable membranes after polymerisation. II. Differential permeability reduction with an oxalate desensitiser.
47  Original Braunvieh
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BS (4 times)
BV (4 times)
HO (2 times)
2005 Estimates of genetic diversity in the brown cattle population of Switzerland obtained from pedigree information.
48  obese children
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AGA (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2001 Heart rate variability in childhood obesity.
49  obese individuals
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NC (2 times)
AN (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2007 Frequency of consumption of products with varying energy value by patients of a sanatorium in Ciechocinek.
50  obesity group
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
2 h PG (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2009 [Situation of impaired glucose regulation and metabolic syndrome in overweight or obesity adolescent students in Dongguan city].
51  obesogenic diet
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
CON (2 times)
BP (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2010 Enhanced transforming growth factor-beta signaling and fibrogenesis in ovine fetal skeletal muscle of obese dams at late gestation.
52  observed
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CSAB (1 time)
1989 Interobserver and echo-angio variability of two-dimensional colour Doppler evaluation of aortic and mitral regurgitation.
53  obstetrics-gynecology
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FM (2 times)
CIM (1 time)
FP (1 time)
1994 Use of routine laboring epidurals at Naval hospitals: a physician survey.
54  open bay
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SFR (4 times)
NICU (2 times)
CHC (1 time)
2009 Staff perceptions of work quality of a neonatal intensive care unit before and after transition from an open bay to a private room design.
55  optical biometry
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
OCT (3 times)
UB (3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
2014 [Comparison of optical and ultrasound biometry and assessment of using both methods in practice].
56  oxybenzone
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1999 Cell cycle delay, mitochondrial stress and uptake of hydrophobic cations induced by sunscreens in cultured human cells.
57  ob mice
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
1993 Propensity to form conditioned taste aversions augments anorexia in obese (ob/ob) mice with B16 melanoma.
58  obstruction
(4 times)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
NOB (1 time)
2015 Comparative study of postoperative complications in patients with and without an obstruction who had left-sided colorectal cancer and underwent a single-stage operation after mechanical bowel preparation.
59  office bleaching
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
HB (3 times)
LB (2 times)
DW (1 time)
2013 In vitro demineralization of tooth enamel subjected to two whitening regimens.
60  Onjisaponin B
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
DA (1 time)
2018 Onjisaponin B prevents cognitive impairment in a rat model of D-galactose-induced aging.
61  open burning
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
OD (3 times)
VOCs (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2002 Hazard analysis of technologies for disposing explosive waste.
62  optical brightener
(4 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
AgNPV (1 time)
DAST (1 time)
DUBs (1 time)
1998 Repeated reversion of resistance to nucleopolyhedrovirus by anticarsia gemmatalis
63  optimized backstepping
(4 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(2 times)
RL (4 times)
HJB (2 times)
NN (1 time)
2018 Adaptive Tracking Control of Surface Vessel Using Optimized Backstepping Technique.
64  oral bisphosphonates
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AAOMS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2009 Treatment with intravenous pamidronate is a good alternative in case of gastrointestinal side effects or contraindications for oral bisphosphonates.
65  oral breathing
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
NB (2 times)
BP (1 time)
DLAFH (1 time)
2011 Exercise capacity, respiratory mechanics and posture in mouth breathers.
66  Outerbridge
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
arNOX (1 time)
GLM (1 time)
2015 Age-related NADPH Oxidase (arNOX) Activity Correlated with Cartilage Degradation and Bony Changes in Age-related Osteoarthritis.
67  own brand
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
e-cigs (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2013 Supermarket own brand foods: lower in energy cost but similar in nutritional quality to their market brand alternatives.
68  oxitropium bromide
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
IB (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1986 Oxitropium bromide, a new anticholinergic bronchodilator.
69  Oaxaca-Blinder
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
--- 2019 Factors contributing to racial disparities in influenza vaccinations.
70  obese children without PWS
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
PWS (2 times)
MVPA (1 time)
OB-PWS (1 time)
2014 Patterns of habitual physical activity in youth with and without Prader-Willi Syndrome.
71  obese non-diabetic women
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
scAT (3 times)
VLCD (3 times)
PM (2 times)
2011 The effect of very-low-calorie diet on mRNA expression of inflammation-related genes in subcutaneous adipose tissue and peripheral monocytes of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
72  occipital bending
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
LVVs (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2014 Occipital bending (Yakovlevian torque) in bipolar depression.
73  Occupational balance
(3 times)
Occupational Therapy
(2 times)
CFI (1 time)
OBQ (1 time)
OBQ-E (1 time)
2016 The linkage between patterns of daily occupations and occupational balance: Applications within occupational science and occupational therapy practice.
74  Occupational Burnout
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CBI (1 time)
MBI (1 time)
2021 Psychometric properties of burnout measures: a systematic review.
75  oesophageal body
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LOS (2 times)
GOJ (1 time)
IOM (1 time)
1991 Mechanical properties of isolated human oesophageal submucosal veins.
76  oil blend
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2003 Effect of dietary protein quality and essential fatty acids on fatty acid composition in the liver and adipose tissue after rapid weight loss in overweight cats.
77  omental bursa
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AOC (1 time)
CNs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2012 Cirrhotic and malignant ascites: differential CT diagnosis.
78  onion bulb
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MSR-A (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2000 Onion-bulb formation after a single compression injury in the macrophage scavenger receptor knockout mice.
79  Opalescence Boost
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CSB (1 time)
CUB (1 time)
LU (1 time)
2014 Effects of 15% carbamide peroxide and 40% hydrogen peroxide on the microhardness and color change of composite resins.
80  Opti Bond
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
3MVP (1 time)
CAP-X (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1996 Repair of Cerec porcelain with seven different systems.
81  OptiBond All-In-One
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2011 An in vitro comparison of different adhesive strategies on the micro push-out bond strength of a glass fiber post.
82  Oracet Blue
(3 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
DPV (2 times)
CV (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
2015 An electrochemical nanobiosensor for plasma miRNA-155, based on graphene oxide and gold nanorod, for early detection of breast cancer.
83  oral biofilm
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BOP (3 times)
PD (3 times)
PI (3 times)
2019 Presence of Candida species in the subgingival oral biofilm of patients with peri-implantitis.
84  Orange Book
(3 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(2 times)
FDA (2 times)
ARV (1 time)
NDA (1 time)
2009 Patent life of antiretroviral drugs approved in the US from 1987 to 2007.
85  orange-blotch
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Genome mapping of the orange blotch colour pattern in cichlid fishes.
86  organizational behavior
(3 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
OD (1 time)
2006 Cross-cultural organizational behavior.
87  orientation bias
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LGN (2 times)
RFs (1 time)
STRF (1 time)
2009 The effect of orientation adaptation on responses of lateral geniculate nucleus neurons with high orientation bias in cats.
88  Oroxin B
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
PI3K (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2018 Evidence for the Involvement of COX-2/VEGF and PTEN/Pl3K/AKT Pathway the Mechanism of Oroxin B Treated Liver Cancer.
89  oscillatory breathing
(3 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2005 Instability of spontaneous breathing patterns in patients with persistent vegetative state.
90  osmiophilic bodies
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ANCL (1 time)
CB (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1995 Neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis: a clinical and morphological study of 19 patients.
91  oxygen barrier
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BAB (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
MPN (1 time)
2007 A new oxygen barrier film reduces aerobic deterioration in farm-scale corn silage.
92  oxyphenonium bromide
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
max (1 time)
1999 Ultraviolet spectroscopic estimation of microenvironments and bitter tastes of oxyphenonium bromide in cyclodextrin solutions.
93  (SVZ)-olfactory bulb
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
SVZ (2 times)
DG (1 time)
MSC (1 time)
2014 Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells increase endogenous neurogenesis in the rat subventricular zone acutely after 6-hydroxydopamine lesioning.
94  O2-limiting barrier
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2016 Storage characteristics, nutritive value, and fermentation characteristics of alfalfa packaged in large-round bales and wrapped in stretch film after extended time delays.
95  oat bran fiber
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
CL (1 time)
Psy (1 time)
1992 Postprandial lipid response following a high fat meal in rats adapted to dietary fiber.
96  obese adults
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CP (2 times)
APN (1 time)
ATH (1 time)
2016 Skeletal muscle phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine are related to insulin sensitivity and respond to acute exercise in humans.
97  obese females
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
EDV (1 time)
2003 [The relationship between insulin resistance and endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in obese subjects].
98  obese nondiabetic subjects
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
3-OMG (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1993 Thermic effect of infused amino acids in healthy humans and in subjects with insulin resistance.
99  obese-weight
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NW (2 times)
CF (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2017 Iron Deficiency Anemia, Not Iron Deficiency, Is Associated with Reduced Attention in Healthy Young Women.
100  Object-based
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
IB (1 time)
TD (1 time)
VPT (1 time)
2003 Object-based connectedness facilitates matching.