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Abbreviation: OC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
osteocalcin
(2217 times)
Metabolism
(410 times)
ALP (550 times)
BMD (388 times)
OPG (175 times)
1983 Biologic determinants of dystrophic calcification and osteocalcin deposition in glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine aortic valve leaflets implanted subcutaneously in rats.
ovarian cancer
(1907 times)
Neoplasms
(873 times)
OS (148 times)
BC (92 times)
PFS (90 times)
1983 A comparative study of complement components in polyethylene glycol precipitated immune complexes from patients with ovarian cancer and patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
oral contraceptive
(1698 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(420 times)
CI (132 times)
OR (99 times)
EE (96 times)
1975 Insulin metabolism, insulin sensitivity and hormonal responses to insulin infusion in patients taking oral contraceptive steroids.
organic carbon
(1411 times)
Environmental Health
(1132 times)
EC (572 times)
PM (120 times)
BC (115 times)
1988 The environmental behavior of chemicals in soil: atrazine as an example.
organochlorine
(379 times)
Environmental Health
(291 times)
PCBs (124 times)
POPs (40 times)
PCB (35 times)
1984 Pollutants in harp seals (Phoca groenlandica). I. Organochlorines.
osteoclast
(374 times)
Orthopedics
(64 times)
RANKL (86 times)
OB (56 times)
TRAP (36 times)
1983 Differential sensitivity of osteoclasts and osteoblasts suggests that prostaglandin E1 effects on bone may be mediated primarily through the osteoclasts.
obsessive-compulsive
(326 times)
Psychiatry
(179 times)
OCD (138 times)
Y-BOCS (24 times)
TS (17 times)
1987 Relationship of skin conductance activity to clinical features in obsessive-compulsive ritualizers.
open cholecystectomy
(276 times)
General Surgery
(182 times)
LC (256 times)
CBD (15 times)
ERCP (13 times)
1991 Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less expensive than open cholecystectomy.
oral cancer
(189 times)
Neoplasms
(69 times)
OSCC (14 times)
OPMD (8 times)
OPMDs (7 times)
1991 Usefulness of serum glycoconjugates in precancerous and cancerous diseases of the oral cavity.
10  ovarian carcinoma
(157 times)
Neoplasms
(69 times)
OS (11 times)
PFS (9 times)
HR (7 times)
1984 [Intracarotid arterial infusion with CDDP in combination with angiotensin II].
11  osteochondrosis
(156 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(71 times)
OCD (16 times)
CT (9 times)
QTL (7 times)
1983 [Effect of housing on incidence and severity of osteochondrosis (OC) in fattening swine: comparison between housing in open front sty (OF) with deep straw bedding and closed sty with partly slatted floor (PS)].
12  optical colonoscopy
(97 times)
Radiology
(26 times)
CTC (67 times)
CRC (21 times)
CCE (10 times)
2004 Location of adenomas missed by optical colonoscopy.
13  oral candidiasis
(90 times)
Dentistry
(39 times)
HIV (15 times)
HAART (13 times)
OHL (10 times)
1985 Oral candidiasis--its pleomorphic clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment.
14  oseltamivir carboxylate
(84 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
OP (11 times)
OS (6 times)
PK (5 times)
2006 In vitro efficacies of oseltamivir carboxylate and zanamivir against equine influenza A viruses.
15  open colectomy
(82 times)
General Surgery
(47 times)
LC (40 times)
LAC (24 times)
HALC (6 times)
1994 Laparoscopic colectomy: at what cost?
16  oesophageal cancer
(75 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
OS (10 times)
SCC (7 times)
EUS (5 times)
1987 Oesophageal and other main cancer patterns in four districts of Transkei, 1981-1984.
17  olivocochlear
(64 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
MOC (12 times)
OHCs (10 times)
LOC (8 times)
1983 The dual origins of the olivocochlear bundle in the albino rat.
18  oral cavity
(62 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
OP (27 times)
SCC (11 times)
HP (10 times)
1996 Local tumor control in radiation therapy of cancers in the head and neck.
19  osteochondral
(61 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
TE (6 times)
SF (5 times)
hMSCs (4 times)
2002 Inadequate placement of osteochondral plugs may induce abnormal stress-strain distributions in articular cartilage --finite element simulations.
20  occipitocervical
(60 times)
Orthopedics
(22 times)
CT (6 times)
AA (4 times)
CVJ (3 times)
2005 Complications of fixation to the occiput-anatomical and design implications.
21  octocrylene
(54 times)
Environmental Health
(33 times)
BP-3 (21 times)
EHMC (21 times)
4-MBC (17 times)
2005 Concentrations and specific loads of UV filters in sewage sludge originating from a monitoring network in Switzerland.
22  organ culture
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
ASM (4 times)
ECD (4 times)
vECD (3 times)
1976 Human corneal endothelial layer repair during organ culture.
23  occipital cortex
(40 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FC (7 times)
PD (6 times)
PC (5 times)
1983 Ca2+-dependence of 3H-catecholamines release evoked by black widow spider venom gland extract in rat hypothalamus, occipital cortex and caudate nucleus.
24  open circular
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
SC (28 times)
pDNA (11 times)
ccc (8 times)
1988 Energy-structure correlations of plasmid DNA in different topological forms.
25  optic chiasm
(38 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
ON (6 times)
MRI (5 times)
OT (4 times)
1978 Role of the locus coeruleus in transmission onto anterior colliculus neurons.
26  observed cases
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
LOCF (22 times)
ITT (8 times)
AD (4 times)
2001 Effective resolution with olanzapine of acute presentation of behavioral agitation and positive psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia.
27  optic canal
(35 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
FR (6 times)
SOF (6 times)
CT (5 times)
2005 Surgical anatomy and efficient modification of procedures for selective extradural anterior clinoidectomy.
28  organochlorine compounds
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
PCBs (8 times)
HCB (7 times)
DDE (4 times)
1994 Pathology and toxicology of beluga whales from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada. Past, present and future.
29  organ-confined
(33 times)
Urology
(22 times)
RP (11 times)
PCa (10 times)
PSA (9 times)
1997 Clinical significance of repeat sextant biopsies in prostate cancer patients.
30  occipital condyle
(31 times)
Neurosurgery
(10 times)
FM (5 times)
HC (5 times)
JT (4 times)
1999 Far lateral transcondylar approach: dimensional anatomy.
31  olfactory cleft
(30 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
CRS (11 times)
CT (10 times)
ESS (6 times)
2005 Comparison of delivery of topical medications to the paranasal sinuses via "vertex-to-floor" position and atomizer spray after FESS.
32  organic
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
EC (8 times)
IC (5 times)
TC (4 times)
1999 Employee exposure to diesel exhaust in the electric utility industry.
33  oxygen consumption
(30 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
MRA (4 times)
DO (2 times)
HMP (2 times)
1982 The effects of pre- and postweaning dietary protein levels of mitochondrial metabolism in developing liver and interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) in rats.
34  oleoresin capsicum
(28 times)
Jurisprudence
(6 times)
CN (4 times)
BALF (2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
1995 Oleoresin capsicum (pepper) spray and "in-custody deaths".
35  open circuit
(28 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SC (5 times)
CC (3 times)
PFOA (3 times)
1983 Studies on the effect of the pyrethroid insecticide Decamethrin on ionic transport through the in vitro skin of Rana esculenta.
36  optic cup
(25 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
OD (13 times)
CDR (6 times)
ONH (4 times)
2002 Cup-to-disc ratio, intraocular pressure, and primary open-angle glaucoma in retinal venous occlusion.
37  obstetric cholestasis
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(11 times)
IVF (2 times)
LFT (2 times)
SBA (2 times)
1988 Maternal features of obstetric cholestasis: 20 years experience at King George V Hospital.
38  oocyte cryopreservation
(24 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(16 times)
AMH (2 times)
FP (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
2010 Oocyte cryopreservation outcomes including pre-cryopreservation and post-thaw meiotic spindle evaluation following slow cooling and vitrification of human oocytes.
39  outer cortex
(24 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
IC (8 times)
LPS (6 times)
O-PS (3 times)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
40  overcommitment
(23 times)
Occupational Medicine
(9 times)
ERI (16 times)
HPA (4 times)
CAR (1 time)
2005 Effort-reward imbalance among nurses in stable countries and in countries in transition.
41  organizational commitment
(22 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
JS (6 times)
TI (4 times)
OCB (3 times)
2006 Organizational commitment among intercollegiate head athletic trainers: examining our work environment.
42  oxidized cellulose
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
ABS (1 time)
AGU (1 time)
1982 p-Amino salicylic acid - oxidized cellulose system: a model for long term drug delivery.
43  organizational culture
(19 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
IPC (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
2004 The relationship of system-level quality improvement with quality of depression care.
44  oxycodone
(19 times)
Psychophysiology
(6 times)
ER (7 times)
OM (6 times)
IR (5 times)
1990 Influence of polarity on dose-response relationships of intrathecal opioids in rats.
45  obese control
(17 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
BMI (5 times)
LC (5 times)
NC (3 times)
1993 Serum growth hormone response to growth hormone-releasing hormone in non-obese and obese adults with hypopituitarism.
46  octreotide
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
SS (3 times)
TETA (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
1993 Octreotide treatment does not affect the size of most non-functioning pituitary adenomas.
47  old control
(17 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
YC (15 times)
OE (4 times)
SOL (3 times)
1990 Effect of exercise on physiological age-related change at mouse neuromuscular junctions.
48  One Curve
(17 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
NCF (5 times)
OS (5 times)
F6ST (3 times)
2018 In vitro comparison of cyclic fatigue resistance of two rotary single-file endodontic systems: OneCurve versus OneShape.
49  organic carbon content
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
CEC (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2002 Atrazine and metribuzin sorption in soils of the Argentinean humid pampas.
50  organic C
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
TN (4 times)
EC (2 times)
AK (1 time)
1999 Sorption and desorption of triadimefon by soils and model soil colloids.
51  olfactory cortex
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
OB (10 times)
GCs (2 times)
LGE (2 times)
1986 Plasticity in the rat olfactory cortex.
52  oral clefts
(15 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CP (5 times)
CLP (4 times)
CL (3 times)
2003 Preliminary data on changes in neural tube defect prevalence rates after folic acid fortification in South America.
53  orbital cellulitis
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
SPA (4 times)
CST (2 times)
GDD (2 times)
1988 The role of C.T. scans in managing the orbital complications of ethmoiditis.
54  obstetric complications
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
HC (2 times)
OR (2 times)
COS (1 time)
1995 Obstetric complications and autoantibodies in schizophrenia.
55  odor concentration
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
HT (2 times)
TOC (2 times)
VOCs (2 times)
1999 Interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 differentially regulate ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression on human lung fibroblasts.
56  operating characteristic
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ASN (4 times)
API (1 time)
APSD (1 time)
1985 The use of historical data for estimating the number of samples required for monitoring drinking water.
57  orofacial clefts
(14 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
CP (4 times)
CLP (3 times)
CL (2 times)
2000 [Environment and genetics in the etiology of cleft lip and cleft palate with reference to the role of folic acid].
58  oblongifolin C
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
GEM (2 times)
GK (2 times)
BMMCs (1 time)
2011 A new anticancer compound, oblongifolin C, inhibits tumor growth and promotes apoptosis in HeLa cells through Bax activation.
59  oil content
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
SSRs (3 times)
GCA (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
2006 Improvement of dewatering capacity of a petrochemical sludge.
60  olive cake
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
FA (2 times)
AFOC (1 time)
AGPR (1 time)
2004 Emission characteristics of co-combustion of sewage sludge with olive cake and lignite coal in a circulating fluidized bed.
61  Orange County
(13 times)
Epidemiology
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
DOT (1 time)
2005 Changes in the newborn delivery practice and neonatal outcomes as financing changed in Los Angeles County and Orange County, California.
62  organizing center
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
QC (7 times)
WUS (6 times)
CLV3 (5 times)
2003 [External serology quality control programs developed in Latin America with the support of PAHO from 1997 through 2000].
63  organochlorine pesticides
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
PCB (2 times)
PCBs (2 times)
beta-HCH (1 time)
1998 Analysis of breast milk to assess exposure to chlorinated contaminants in Kazakstan: PCBs and organochlorine pesticides in southern Kazakstan.
64  odontogenic cysts
(12 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
OKC (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2002 Odontogenic cysts. Analysis of 856 cases.
65  oleocanthal
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EVOO (7 times)
AD (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2009 Alzheimer's-associated Abeta oligomers show altered structure, immunoreactivity and synaptotoxicity with low doses of oleocanthal.
66  operative cholangiography
(12 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
CBD (5 times)
LC (5 times)
ERCP (3 times)
1992 When is routine operative cholangiography necessary? An evaluation of 200 consecutive patients operated on for gallbladder stones.
67  optical clearing
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
RI (2 times)
CRI (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2013 Elucidation of the mechanisms of optical clearing in collagen tissue with multiphoton imaging.
68  oropharyngeal cancer
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HPV (4 times)
CRT (2 times)
IMRT (2 times)
2006 Treatment of oropharyngeal cancer in renal transplant recipients without cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.
69  (-)-Oleocanthal
(11 times)
Food
(5 times)
EVOO (8 times)
BC (3 times)
TNBC (2 times)
2015 (-)-Oleocanthal rapidly and selectively induces cancer cell death via lysosomal membrane permeabilization.
70  outpatient clinics
(11 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
HC (4 times)
ED (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1992 Response of diastolic blood pressure to long-term sodium restriction is posture related.
71  oxygen carrier
(11 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(4 times)
CLC (3 times)
CLG (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
2014 Sulfur evolution in chemical looping combustion of coal with MnFe2O4 oxygen carrier.
72  occipital
(10 times)
Brain
(4 times)
APtN (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1983 Corticopontine remodelling after cortical and/or cerebellar lesions in newborn rats.
73  omphalocele
(10 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
GS (7 times)
AWD (2 times)
AWC (1 time)
1996 Prenatal diagnosis and management of gastroschisis and omphalocele.
74  Onecut
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ADA (1 time)
dINs (1 time)
HNF-6 (1 time)
2003 Cloning and embryonic expression pattern of the mouse Onecut transcription factor OC-2.
75  oral carcinoma
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
lncRNAs (2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1988 A rare human model for oncogenesis.
76  oral cryotherapy
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OM (4 times)
MM (2 times)
ASCT (1 time)
2008 Community pharmacists' knowledge of and attitudes toward oral chemotherapy.
77  other cancers
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
BC (2 times)
EBV (2 times)
GMT (2 times)
1983 Epstein-Barr virus antibody titers in cancer of the head and neck.
78  oxygen concentration
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2007 Modeling oxygen effects in tissue-preparation neuronal-current MRI.
79  oesophageal carcinoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BMI (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1989 Oesophageal carcinoma: cytopathology and nutritional aspects in aetiology.
80  oncocytic carcinoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2006 Pedunculated oncocytic carcinoma in buccal mucosa: immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies.
81  oral corticosteroids
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
ABP (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
1995 Phagocytosis and oxidative burst of blood phagocytes in chronic obstructive airway disease.
82  object control
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
FMS (3 times)
ASD (1 time)
AVGs (1 time)
2003 Influence of a motor skill intervention on fundamental motor skill development of disadvantaged preschool children.
83  ocean color
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
VIIRS (4 times)
BRDF (1 time)
FOV (1 time)
2014 Radiometric calibration of ocean color satellite sensors using AERONET-OC data.
84  oncocytoma
(8 times)
Urology
(5 times)
CDC (4 times)
AML (2 times)
CC (2 times)
2003 Immunohistochemical profile of common epithelial neoplasms arising in the kidney.
85  optimal control
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
LC (2 times)
LS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2001 Eating attitudes and habitual calcium intake in peripubertal girls are associated with initial bone mineral content and its change over 2 years.
86  oral challenge
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HS (3 times)
SPT (2 times)
AERD (1 time)
1999 Allergy to beta-lactam antibiotics in children.
87  organic compounds
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ATP (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2003 Structured interview on erectile dysfunction (SIEDY): a new, multidimensional instrument for quantification of pathogenetic issues on erectile dysfunction.
88  organoclay
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AC (2 times)
PAC (2 times)
CWs (1 time)
2012 Chiral bio-nanocomposites based on thermally stable poly(amide-imide) having phenylalanine linkages and reactive organoclay containing tyrosine amino acid.
89  oval cells
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BEC (2 times)
CTGF (2 times)
DR (2 times)
2006 Fibronectin and laminin induce expression of islet cell markers in hepatic oval cells in culture.
90  obsessive and compulsive
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
HD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
BD (1 time)
1996 Obsessive-compulsive disorder associated with brain lesions: clinical phenomenology, cognitive function, and anatomic correlates.
91  open conversion
(7 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
EVAR (3 times)
AAA (1 time)
AUI (1 time)
2011 Percutaneous endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: clinical evaluation and literature results.
92  open-circuit voltage V
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
sc (4 times)
DSSCs (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2009 Self-assembly of semiconductor organogelator nanowires for photoinduced charge separation.
93  operation control
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ABC (1 time)
ABD (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1987 The hippocampus and conditioning to contextual cues.
94  oral communication
(7 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
TC (5 times)
AV (1 time)
HLM (1 time)
2000 Speech, vocabulary, and the education of children using cochlear implants: oral or total communication?
95  oral hormonal contraceptives
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DMT (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
1999 The effect of 1-year use of the CuT 380A and oral contraceptive pills on hemoglobin and ferritin levels.
96  organ-confined disease
(7 times)
Urology
(5 times)
ECE (5 times)
LNI (4 times)
SVI (4 times)
2005 Transition zone cancers undermine the predictive accuracy of Partin table stage predictions.
97  organic content
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
13C NMR (1 time)
BET (1 time)
CDNPs (1 time)
2001 Extreme variation in the concentration of trace metals in sediments and bivalves from the Bilbao estuary (Spain) caused by the 1989-90 drought.
98  orthopedic control
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
CHI (3 times)
HC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1993 First impressions count: a controlled investigation of social skill following closed head injury.
99  other causes
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TBI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AB (1 time)
1996 Massive haemoptysis death and other morbidity associated with high dose rate intraluminal radiotherapy for carcinoma of the bronchus.
100  oblique corpectomy
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CSM (2 times)
CSR (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2004 Cervical spondylotic myelopathy and radiculopathy treated by oblique corpectomies without fusion.