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Abbreviation: OI
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Long forms: 340

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
osteogenesis imperfecta
(1876 times)
Orthopedics
(387 times)
BMD (104 times)
DI (50 times)
WT (33 times)
1975 Dominantly inherited osteogenesis imperfecta in man: an examination of collagen biosynthesis.
oxygenation index
(485 times)
Pediatrics
(134 times)
ARDS (66 times)
iNO (57 times)
HFOV (47 times)
1988 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: impact of preoperative stabilization. A prospective pilot study in 13 patients.
opportunistic infection
(226 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(48 times)
ART (38 times)
HIV (36 times)
AIDS (25 times)
1984 Deficiency of interferon-alpha generating capacity is associated with susceptibility to opportunistic infections in patients with AIDS.
orthostatic intolerance
(161 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
POTS (37 times)
HUT (26 times)
HR (21 times)
1976 Effect of physical fitness on vanillylmandelic acid excretion during immersion.
orthopedic injury
(153 times)
Neurology
(81 times)
TBI (110 times)
mTBI (31 times)
DTI (17 times)
1998 Preinjury family environment as a determinant of recovery from traumatic brain injuries in school-age children.
ovulation induction
(102 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(46 times)
IVF (29 times)
IUI (24 times)
PCOS (19 times)
1998 Can we advise ovulation induction in patients with SLE?
optical imaging
(85 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
MRI (23 times)
PET (23 times)
CT (11 times)
2004 Optical imaging of intrinsic signals: recent developments in the methodology and its applications.
oxygen index
(55 times)
Pediatrics
(17 times)
PPHN (10 times)
CPB (7 times)
HFOV (5 times)
1991 The impact of extracorporeal membrane support in the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
obliquus internus
(42 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
TrA (25 times)
OE (23 times)
EMG (14 times)
1990 Ultrastructural fiber typing of human abdominal muscles obliquus internus and obliquus externus.
10  osseointegrated
(39 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
AADLs (2 times)
BML (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
1991 Mandibular deformation in subjects with osseointegrated implants.
11  outside-in
(39 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
ACL (26 times)
TP (14 times)
AM (12 times)
2011 Biomechanical evaluation of knee joint laxities and graft forces after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by anteromedial portal, outside-in, and transtibial techniques.
12  odor identification
(25 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
OD (10 times)
OT (9 times)
AD (4 times)
2007 The effect of smoking on the olfactory function.
13  osteogenic index
(22 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
GRF (4 times)
aBMD (2 times)
BAP (2 times)
2006 Lifetime sport and leisure activity participation is associated with greater bone size, quality and strength in older men.
14  olfactory identification
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
OD (5 times)
OT (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
2007 Olfactory identification dysfunction, aggression and impulsivity in war veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.
15  orientation index
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
SAXS (6 times)
DI (3 times)
PI (3 times)
1988 Cell attachment of human gingival fibroblasts in vitro to porous-surfaced titanium alloy discs coated with collagen and platelet-derived growth factor.
16  4-octyl itaconate
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
ROS (5 times)
Nrf2 (4 times)
ALI (2 times)
2018 Four-octyl itaconate activates Keap1-Nrf2 signaling to protect neuronal cells from hydrogen peroxide.
17  occupational injuries
(16 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
OR (3 times)
HS (2 times)
NOI (2 times)
2005 Prevention of injuries at work: the role of the occupational physician.
18  overlap index
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DSC (4 times)
CT (3 times)
CTV (3 times)
1986 Serum enzymes in acute myocardial infarction after intracoronary thrombolysis.
19  obesity index
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BMI (6 times)
BP (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
1980 Epidemiological analysis on the mechanism of cigarette smoking as a risk factor in cardiovascular diseases.
20  obliquus internus abdominis
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TrA (10 times)
OE (9 times)
EMG (6 times)
1994 The influence of sudden perturbations on trunk muscle activity and intra-abdominal pressure while standing.
21  olfactory impairment
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
PTA (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
2008 Is olfactory impairment in Parkinson disease related to phenotypic or genotypic characteristics?
22  odor intensity
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ads (2 times)
RSC (2 times)
SOI (2 times)
2007 The impact of information on perceived air quality--'organic' vs. 'synthetic' building materials.
23  obturator internus
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
THA (3 times)
Ls (2 times)
CSA (1 time)
2012 Sonographically guided obturator internus injections: techniques and validation.
24  Omental infarction
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
US (2 times)
AEA (1 time)
2007 Segmental omental infarction in childhood: an unusual case of left-sided location with extension into the pelvis.
25  opportunistic illness
(11 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
HAART (5 times)
PY (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1999 Unreported AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in persons reported with HIV-related severe immunosuppression.
26  optimal interpolative
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
SST (3 times)
MODIS (2 times)
AOD (1 time)
1992 An evolution-oriented learning algorithm for the optimal interpolative net.
27  ophthalmopathy index
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
GO (5 times)
CAS (4 times)
TAO (2 times)
1989 Orbital decompression for severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. Results of a three-wall operative technique.
28  ovitrap index
(10 times)
Tropical Medicine
(7 times)
Bti (3 times)
BI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Impact of larviciding with a Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis formulation, VectoBac WG, on dengue mosquito vectors in a dengue endemic site in Selangor State, Malaysia.
29  organizational identification
(9 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
OCB (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
2011 Organizational identification and the communication of identity: effects of message characteristics on cognitive and affective identification.
30  O island
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
EHEC (3 times)
STEC (3 times)
HUS (2 times)
2006 Bacterial genetic determinants of non-O157 STEC outbreaks and hemolytic-uremic syndrome after infection.
31  Occlusal Index
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
IOTN (3 times)
DAI (1 time)
HMAR (1 time)
1990 Assessing treatment effectiveness of removable and fixed orthodontic appliances with the occlusal index.
32  odontogenic infections
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
ICU (1 time)
LOHS (1 time)
MSPD (1 time)
2006 Severe odontogenic infections, part 1: prospective report.
33  Optional Infinitive
(7 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
SLI (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1998 Tense over time: the longitudinal course of tense acquisition in children with specific language impairment.
34  oral intake
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EN (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1992 Rhythmicity of urinary sodium excretion, mean arterial blood pressure, and heart rate in conscious dogs.
35  obstructive index
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CTEPH (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1993 An analysis of flow volume curves during artificial ventilation.
36  occlusion index
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PS (4 times)
RI (3 times)
aSI (2 times)
2014 Characteristics of vessels wall, myocardium and epicardial fat in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction with and without metabolic syndrome.
37  open innovation
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
ConOps (1 time)
FFE (1 time)
2017 Measuring the effectiveness and impact of an open innovation platform.
38  oral insulin
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
RHI (2 times)
SBS (2 times)
ARIA (1 time)
2007 Oral insulin up-regulates Toll-like receptor 4 expression and enhances intestinal recovery following lipopolysaccharide-induced gut injury in a rat.
39  orbital inflammation
(6 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
IgG4-ROD (1 time)
IOI (1 time)
IOIS (1 time)
2008 Recurrent orbital inflammation and Whipple disease.
40  Osteogenesis imperfecta type III
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMSCs (1 time)
WT (1 time)
XLH (1 time)
1983 Prenatal diagnosis of lethal osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) by ultrasonography.
41  ocular infection
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
HS (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2012 Identification and expression of nor efflux family genes in Staphylococcus epidermidis that act against gatifloxacin.
42  OI type II
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CB8 (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1988 A cysteine for glycine substitution at position 1017 in an alpha 1(I) chain of type I collagen in a patient with mild dominantly inherited osteogenesis imperfecta.
43  Oldenburg Inventory
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CI (5 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
NCIQ (3 times)
2017 In Patients Undergoing Cochlear Implantation, Psychological Burden Affects Tinnitus and the Overall Outcome of Auditory Rehabilitation.
44  opsonic index
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MOPA (2 times)
BRC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1987 Neutrophil chemiluminescence in burned patients.
45  orotracheal intubation
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
EMT-Ps (1 time)
1997 The use of TRISS methodology to validate prehospital intubation by urban EMS providers.
46  output interference
(5 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
LD (1 time)
2013 Sources of interference in recognition testing.
47  ovality index
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CBA (2 times)
PPA (2 times)
SS-OCT (2 times)
2016 Analysis of Peripapillary Geometric Characters in High Myopia Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography.
48  overdose index
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
COIN (4 times)
DHI (4 times)
2006 Dose optimisation in single plane interstitial brachytherapy.
49  overdose volume index
(5 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
CI (5 times)
COIN (5 times)
EI (4 times)
2007 Dosimetric comparison of conventional radiograph- and three-dimensional computed tomography-based planning using dose volume indices for partial breast intraoperative implants.
50  opener inhibitor
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
CE (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1979 Proprioceptive fields of crayfish claw motor neurons.
51  operative inclination
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
OA (3 times)
RI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2012 [The cup safe-zone and optimum combination of the acetabular and femoral anteversions that fulfills the desired range of motion of the hip].
52  oral ingestion
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
1981 A swine dysentery model for evaluation of drug prophylaxis: development of a model involving oral infection plus pen contamination.
53  oral isotretinoin
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2006 Profile of acne patients in the Philippines requiring a second course of oral isotretinoin.
54  overall index
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2010 Predicting the risk of low-fetal birth weight from cardiotocographic signals using ANBLIR system with deterministic annealing and epsilon-insensitive learning.
55  overuse injuries
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
APHV (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2017 Long-Term Athletic Development in Youth Alpine Ski Racing: The Effect of Physical Fitness, Ski Racing Technique, Anthropometrics and Biological Maturity Status on Injuries.
56  oxygen intermediates
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IFN (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1982 Auto-oxidative damage in Behcet's disease--endothelial cell damage following the elevated oxygen radicals generated by stimulated neutrophils.
57  oblique
(3 times)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
IBSN (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1998 EMG recordings of abdominal and back muscles in various standing postures: validation of a biomechanical model on sacroiliac joint stability.
58  obliquus capitis inferior
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
EMG (3 times)
MF (3 times)
SC (3 times)
2005 Effect of gaze direction on neck muscle activity during cervical rotation.
59  obstructive interval
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2002 The influence of obstructive interval on patency rates following microsurgical epididymovasostomy.
60  optimal information
(3 times)
Entropy
(1 time)
ESI (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2020 The Value of Information Searching against Fake News.
61  Oral inhalation
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PAMAM (2 times)
DOX (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
2014 Poly(amidoamine) dendrimer nanocarriers and their aerosol formulations for siRNA delivery to the lung epithelium.
62  oral iron
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
FCM (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
IDA (1 time)
2002 Superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in erythrocytes of patients with iron deficiency anemia: effects of different treatment modalities.
63  oris
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DG (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1994 The effects of food consistency on jaw movement and posterior temporalis and inferior orbicularis oris muscle activities during chewing in children.
64  orthorhombic I
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
XAS (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2011 Structural stability of TiO2 at high pressure in density-functional theory based calculations.
65  ovigeny index
(3 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
--- 2010 [Effects of adult feeding on the reproduction and longevity of Noctuidae, Crambidae, Tortricidae and Elachistidae species].
66  oxygenation impairment
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AAD (3 times)
ALI (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2014 Predicting the occurrence of oxygenation impairment in patients with type-B acute aortic dissection.
67  2-octyl-3-isothiazolinone
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CMI (2 times)
BIT (1 time)
BzI (1 time)
2007 Analysis of isothiazolinones in environmental waters by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
68  objective improvement
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
C-NIL (1 time)
GS (1 time)
NIL (1 time)
1998 p53 tumor suppressor protein and H-RAS oncogene in maxillofacial tumors: immunohistochemical and genetic investigation, induction chemotherapy response and prognosis evaluation.
69  obliteration index
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
API (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2009 Obliteration Index: a simple non-invasive tool for the assessment of peripheral vascular disease in chronic kidney disease.
70  observed incidence
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2000 Pretreatment prostate-specific antigen and Gleason score predict the risk of extracapsular extension and the risk of failure following radiotherapy in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer.
71  obstetric intervention
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
EFW (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
NMD (1 time)
2018 Health policies for the reduction of obstetric interventions in singleton full-term births in Catalonia.
72  obturator internus muscle
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
SG (1 time)
2015 Fetal Development of the Human Obturator Internus Muscle With Special Reference to the Tendon and Pulley.
73  occasional insomnia
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
RBI (2 times)
RBD (1 time)
1989 The Zurich Study. VII. Insomnia: symptoms, classification and prevalence.
74  occipital interhemispheric
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
PCA (1 time)
PChA (1 time)
2015 The Role of Endoscopic Assistance in Ambient Cistern Surgery: Analysis of Four Surgical Approaches.
75  occlusion intolerance
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Predictors of carotid occlusion intoleranceduring proximal protectedcarotid arterystenting.
76  ocular inflammation
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ATT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FMH (1 time)
2006 Family history of inflammatory bowel disease in patients with idiopathic ocular inflammation.
77  oculomotor integrator
(2 times)
Neural Pathways
(1 time)
--- 2014 Optogenetic perturbations reveal the dynamics of an oculomotor integrator.
78  odor index
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2009 Key odor components responsible for the impact on olfactory sense during swine feces composting.
79  Office of Investigations
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ADR (2 times)
NRC (2 times)
UPMC (1 time)
2006 Nuclear medicine technologists and unauthorized self-injections.
80  older inactive
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
MLI (1 time)
MODS (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2018 Postprandial Metabolic Responses Differ by Age Group and Physical Activity Level.
81  oncosis index
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
2013 Apoptosis of rabbit retinal cell after eyeball rupture.
82  ongoing ischemia
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2010 Glutamate release predicts ongoing myocardial ischemia of rat hearts.
83  oocyst index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
LS (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
E. tenella (1 time)
2010 Anticoccidial activity of maslinic acid against infection with Eimeria tenella in chickens.
84  openness index
(2 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
EKC (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2019 Relationship between Air Pollution and Urban Forms: Evidence from Prefecture-Level Cities of the Yangtze River Basin.
85  Operation Installation
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2013 How long do smoke alarms function? A cross-sectional follow-up survey of a smoke alarm installation programme.
86  operative
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
NOI (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
AG (1 time)
2016 Study of the occurrence of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome in patients of blunt abdominal trauma and its correlation with the clinical outcome in the above patients.
87  operative intervention
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AUCR (1 time)
CAPO (1 time)
ICUA (1 time)
2014 The predictive value of initial serum lactate in trauma patients.
88  opportunities for improvement
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
GSW (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2005 Improving performance in the management of severely injured patients in critical care.
89  optical imaging of intrinsic signals
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
Dc-ODP (1 time)
ODP (1 time)
VEPs (1 time)
2003 Precise placement of multiple electrodes into functionally predefined cortical locations.
90  optical injection
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
OF (2 times)
LRRs (1 time)
RIN (1 time)
2013 Dynamical characteristics and their applications of semiconductor lasers subject to both optical injection and optical feedback.
91  optical interconnects
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BEP (1 time)
IOs (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
2008 Parallel optical interconnects may reduce the communication bottleneck in symmetric multiprocessors.
92  optical interferometer
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2006 Formaldehyde activity on historical glass objects in museum microclimate.
93  optimal identification
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CLIP (1 time)
2004 Optimal identification of biochemical reaction networks.
94  oral ibuprofen
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
CROM (2 times)
MNNM (2 times)
2018 Is pharmacologic treatment better than neural mobilization for cervicobrachial pain? A randomized clinical trial.
95  oral irrigator
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2011 The effect of different interdental cleaning devices on gingival bleeding.
96  Orange I
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AR88 (1 time)
C-OH (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2014 Structures of AzrA and of AzrC complexed with substrate or inhibitor: insight into substrate specificity and catalytic mechanism.
97  orbital index
(2 times)
Anthropology, Physical
(1 time)
--- 2014 A study of cranial variations based on craniometric indices in a South Indian population.
98  orbitopathy index
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
TAO (2 times)
ATA (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1998 [Radiotherapy only in severe, progressive endocrine orbitopathy: long-term results and comparison of various classification systems].
99  organ injury
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1994 The significance of changes in serum tumour necrosis factor (TNF) activity in severely burned patients.
100  organizational innovation
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HRM (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
ICTU (1 time)
2009 Combining communication technology utilization and organizational innovation: evidence from Canadian healthcare decision makers.