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Abbreviation: PA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physical activity
(14162 times)
Public Health
(2798 times)
MVPA (1536 times)
BMI (945 times)
SB (669 times)
1977 A retrospective study of physical activity and coronary deaths.
pulmonary artery
(2553 times)
Cardiology
(836 times)
RV (350 times)
PH (209 times)
PAH (159 times)
1963 Pulmonary vasoconstriction in steers at high altitude
phosphatidic acid
(2422 times)
Biochemistry
(731 times)
PLD (469 times)
PC (405 times)
DAG (281 times)
1964 TURNOVER OF PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND SODIUM EXTRUSION FROM MAMMALIAN ERYTHROCYTES.
palmitic acid
(2078 times)
Chemistry
(268 times)
HFD (194 times)
OA (153 times)
NAFLD (133 times)
1974 Effect of pipecolic acid isomers on the biogenesis of actinomycins.
photoacoustic
(1406 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(276 times)
PTT (176 times)
NIR (170 times)
US (144 times)
1980 Photoacoustics in life sciences.
primary aldosteronism
(1326 times)
Endocrinology
(474 times)
AVS (233 times)
APA (204 times)
ARR (177 times)
1976 [Secretory regulation and episodic secretion of aldosterone in patients with primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
plasminogen activator
(1088 times)
Neoplasms
(137 times)
tPA (201 times)
uPA (197 times)
PAI-1 (121 times)
1975 Mechanism of plasminogen activator and factor VIII increase after vasoactive drugs.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(1001 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(212 times)
CF (271 times)
SA (72 times)
MDR (50 times)
1980 Immune complexes and humoral response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis.
protective antigen
(795 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(241 times)
LF (277 times)
EF (169 times)
LT (41 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
10  posteroanterior
(768 times)
Radiology
(121 times)
AP (184 times)
CT (51 times)
BMD (44 times)
1978 A needle biopsy would be quickest.
11  polyamide
(662 times)
Environmental Health
(148 times)
PE (59 times)
PP (58 times)
TFC (58 times)
1981 Polyamine responses in a solid transplanted tumor (S180) in liver and in urine during endotoxin-induced tumor injury in the mouse.
12  physician assistant
(573 times)
Education
(303 times)
NP (58 times)
IPE (14 times)
PANCE (14 times)
1976 The PA (physician assistant) what are they?
13  positive affect
(535 times)
Psychology
(199 times)
NA (380 times)
EMA (31 times)
PANAS (24 times)
1988 Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities.
14  pleomorphic adenoma
(521 times)
Pathology
(158 times)
ACC (85 times)
MEC (58 times)
WT (49 times)
1988 Intermediate filament expression in normal parotid glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
15  pituitary adenoma
(299 times)
Endocrinology
(67 times)
GH (17 times)
MRI (17 times)
RCC (17 times)
1985 Hormonal response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in healthy horses and in horses with pituitary adenoma.
16  pilocytic astrocytoma
(265 times)
Neurology
(105 times)
PMA (31 times)
GBM (18 times)
NF1 (16 times)
1993 Chemotherapy for pilocytic astrocytomas.
17  passive avoidance
(261 times)
Neurology
(60 times)
MWM (64 times)
MDA (33 times)
EPM (24 times)
1976 Scopolamine's effect on passive avoidance behavior in immature rats.
18  prealbumin
(255 times)
Medicine
(28 times)
ALB (88 times)
RBP (50 times)
CRP (40 times)
1975 Vitamin A transport in chicken plasma: isolation and characterization of retinol-binding protein (RBP), prealbumin (PA), and RBP--PA complex.
19  plasma aldosterone
(238 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
PRA (181 times)
BP (34 times)
PC (27 times)
1975 Diurnal variations of plasma aldosterone in supine man: relationship to plasma renin activity and plasma cortisol.
20  palmitate
(237 times)
Biochemistry
(56 times)
HFD (52 times)
ROS (29 times)
ER (26 times)
1990 The intramyocardial fate of [1-14C] palmitate, iodopalmitate and iodophenylpentadecanoate in isolated rat hearts. A contribution to the choice of an iodinated fatty acid as a tracer of myocardial metabolism.
21  propionic acidemia
(234 times)
Metabolism
(61 times)
MMA (80 times)
PCC (47 times)
IVA (17 times)
1984 Hudson memorial lecture. Neonatal management of organic acidurias. Clinical update.
22  proanthocyanidin
(231 times)
Botany
(45 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
GA (7 times)
1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes.
23  phase angle
(212 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(77 times)
BIA (86 times)
BMI (37 times)
BIVA (22 times)
1990 On-line bioelectric impedance during haemodialysis: monitoring of body fluids and cell membrane status.
24  personal accomplishment
(199 times)
Medicine
(28 times)
EE (189 times)
DP (169 times)
MBI (68 times)
1999 [The prevalence of the burnout syndrome or professional exhaustion in primary care physicians].
25  platelet aggregation
(167 times)
Vascular Diseases
(50 times)
ADP (24 times)
PRP (13 times)
AA (12 times)
1970 The platelet aggregation test in group B arbovirus infections.
26  pernicious anemia
(160 times)
Medicine
(35 times)
IF (8 times)
Hb (7 times)
PCA (7 times)
1968 Malabsorption of hemoglobin iron in pernicious anemia: correction with intrinsic factor--containing substances.
27  pyrrolizidine alkaloid
(159 times)
Toxicology
(48 times)
MCT (10 times)
HSOS (9 times)
DHP (5 times)
1982 Failure of mineral-vitamin supplements to prevent tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) toxicosis in cattle.
28  proton affinity
(157 times)
Chemistry
(84 times)
DFT (31 times)
BDE (24 times)
HAT (19 times)
1991 Demonstration of putative membrane and cytosol steroid receptors for 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one in brook troutSalvelinus fontinalis oocytes by photoaffinity labelling using synthetic progestin 17,21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregn-4,9-diene-3,20-dione (R5020).
29  parthenogenetic activation
(145 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(74 times)
IVF (62 times)
IVM (55 times)
SCNT (43 times)
2003 Recruit of porcine oocytes excluded from nuclear transfer program for the production of embryos following parthenogenetic activation.
30  phthalic acid
(144 times)
Environmental Health
(67 times)
PAEs (28 times)
DBP (27 times)
DEHP (26 times)
1978 [Radiolytic decontamination of Di-n-butyl phthalate from water (author's transl)].
31  peptide amphiphile
(140 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(34 times)
ECM (12 times)
SEM (9 times)
ED (8 times)
2003 Self-assembly combining two bioactive peptide-amphiphile molecules into nanofibers by electrostatic attraction.
32  pancreatic adenocarcinoma
(135 times)
Neoplasms
(41 times)
OS (14 times)
CP (13 times)
PD (13 times)
1985 Effects of dichloromethylene diphosphonate on the osteolytic and osteoplastic effects of rat prostate adenocarcinoma cells.
33  phonological awareness
(132 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(34 times)
RAN (32 times)
MA (11 times)
TD (9 times)
1993 When reading is acquired but phonemic awareness is not: a study of literacy in Down's syndrome.
34  perinatal asphyxia
(130 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
HIE (23 times)
TH (12 times)
GFAP (6 times)
1996 Striatal cytomegalic neurons containing nitric oxide are associated with experimental perinatal asphyxia: implication of cold treatment.
35  particle agglutination
(129 times)
Communicable Diseases
(24 times)
WB (22 times)
IF (20 times)
EIA (19 times)
1976 [Antibodies and immunoglobulin levels in sera from patients with African paragonimiasis (author's transl)].
36  polyacrylate
(121 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(74 times)
SPME (58 times)
PDMS (44 times)
HS-SPME (14 times)
1991 Biodegradation and sorption properties of polydisperse acrylate polymers.
37  psoriatic arthritis
(118 times)
Rheumatology
(36 times)
RA (52 times)
AS (23 times)
OA (15 times)
1975 HL-A W27 in psoriatic arthropathy.
38  prior authorization
(117 times)
Pharmacy
(29 times)
HCV (11 times)
ePA (5 times)
DAA (4 times)
2002 Impact of NSAIDs prior authorization policy on patients' QoL.
39  procainamide
(114 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
NAPA (45 times)
ERP (5 times)
PABA (5 times)
1968 [The occurence and distribution of volatile amines in marine algae].
40  prism adaptation
(113 times)
Neurology
(63 times)
USN (10 times)
ADL (8 times)
PPC (7 times)
2002 Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation.
41  pseudoaneurysm
(108 times)
General Surgery
(30 times)
AVF (16 times)
CEA (6 times)
AMI (4 times)
1980 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
42  polyacrylamide
(99 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
ECM (12 times)
AFM (6 times)
PAGE (5 times)
1975 Distinction between fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products in plasma.
43  popliteal artery
(98 times)
Vascular Diseases
(41 times)
SFA (29 times)
CFA (13 times)
PTA (9 times)
1989 Laser-assisted reconstructive vascular surgery.
44  phosphatidate
(97 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
NEP (16 times)
PLD (14 times)
DAG (12 times)
1980 [Follow-up studies on the behavior of mineral metabolic parameters with particular reference to the degree of skeletal minearlization in the milch cow in the period 4 weeks ante- to 16 weeks postpartum].
45  pennation angle
(95 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
MT (46 times)
FL (39 times)
VL (18 times)
2001 In vivo measurement of fascicle length and pennation angle of the human biceps femoris muscle.
46  parathyroid adenoma
(93 times)
Endocrinology
(21 times)
pHPT (29 times)
PC (28 times)
PTH (17 times)
1999 Unsuspected intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma: mimic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in fine-needle aspiration specimens-a case report.
47  Pennsylvania
(93 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
NY (10 times)
UT (7 times)
NJ (6 times)
1987 Geographic differences in hemophilia-associated AIDS incidence in Pennsylvania. By the Pennsylvania AIDS Surveillance Study Group.
48  protein A
(92 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
PG (6 times)
SEA (5 times)
FCS (3 times)
1977 Staphylococcal protein A in immunoferritin techniques.
49  phthalic anhydride
(90 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
TMA (17 times)
AD (13 times)
MA (12 times)
1982 Clinical and immunologic evaluation of trimellitic anhydride-and phthalic anhydride-exposed workers using a questionnaire with comparative analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent and radioimmunoassay studies.
50  phagocytic activity
(88 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(28 times)
PI (16 times)
ROS (13 times)
SOD (13 times)
1980 Occurrence of deficient monocyte yeast cell phagocytosis in presence of rheumatic sera.
51  Pituitary apoplexy
(86 times)
Endocrinology
(25 times)
MRI (17 times)
CT (4 times)
ACTH (3 times)
1991 [Pituitary apoplexy and empty sella].
52  premature adrenarche
(84 times)
Endocrinology
(47 times)
DHEAS (13 times)
PCOS (12 times)
BMI (11 times)
1985 17-Hydroxyprogesterone responses to adrenocorticotropin in children with premature adrenarche.
53  posterior approach
(82 times)
Orthopedics
(57 times)
DAA (51 times)
THA (50 times)
AA (10 times)
2009 Critical issues in groin hernia management.
54  phenylacetate
(81 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PB (15 times)
DFT (5 times)
PAG (3 times)
1983 Experimental maternal phenylketonuria: an examination of two animal models.
55  peanut allergy
(77 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(59 times)
NA (9 times)
SPT (7 times)
PS (6 times)
1998 Identification and partial characterization of multiple major allergens in peanut proteins.
56  phenylacetic acid
(75 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
PA-CoA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
CA (4 times)
1989 Uptake of phenylacetic acid by Penicillium chrysogenum Wis 54-1255: a critical regulatory point in benzylpenicillin biosynthesis.
57  protected area
(74 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
ES (2 times)
EU (2 times)
LULC (2 times)
2001 A nonhuman primate model of age-related bone loss: a longitudinal study in male and premenopausal female rhesus monkeys.
58  polymerase acidic
(69 times)
Virology
(29 times)
NA (18 times)
HA (17 times)
NP (15 times)
1987 Primary structure of the polymerase acidic (PA) gene of an influenza B virus (B/Sing/222/79).
59  puromycin aminonucleoside
(67 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
PAN (8 times)
FSGS (6 times)
ADR (3 times)
1981 Experimental nephrosis: interassociation of proteinuria with impaired lymphocyte blastogenesis.
60  panic attacks
(66 times)
Psychiatry
(33 times)
PD (33 times)
FS (4 times)
GAD (4 times)
1988 Binding of imipramine to platelet membranes is reduced in panic attacks.
61  penicillic acid
(61 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
POH (14 times)
OTA (10 times)
PAT (7 times)
1972 Control of Penicillium martensii development and penicillic acid production by atmospheric gases and temperatures.
62  placental abruption
(59 times)
Obstetrics
(23 times)
PE (7 times)
CI (5 times)
aOR (4 times)
1996 The occurrence of placental abruption in Norway 1967-1991.
63  predictive accuracy
(59 times)
Urology
(15 times)
RP (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
GP (6 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
64  percentage agreement
(57 times)
Rehabilitation
(15 times)
ICC (11 times)
IQR (3 times)
AC1 (2 times)
2001 Reliability of an interview approach to the Functional Independence Measure.
65  pyridylaminated
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HPLC (6 times)
FAC (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1987 Identification method for twelve oligomannose-type sugar chains thought to be processing intermediates of glycoproteins.
66  protocatechuic acid
(56 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
GA (9 times)
VA (5 times)
CS (4 times)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
67  Patchouli alcohol
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
PO (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
ALI (3 times)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol isolated from Pogostemonis Herba in animal models.
68  penicillamine
(52 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CP (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Cys (3 times)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
69  parthenogenetic
(49 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(22 times)
SCNT (20 times)
IVF (11 times)
IVM (10 times)
2004 Apoptosis in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos.
70  periapical
(49 times)
Dentistry
(34 times)
CBCT (33 times)
BW (4 times)
ECR (3 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
71  pulse amplitude
(49 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
POBF (19 times)
IOP (11 times)
PW (6 times)
1976 [Finger vasomotor, heart rate, and electrodermal measures of orienting and defensive reflexes (author's transl)].
72  phaseic acid
(48 times)
Botany
(26 times)
ABA (36 times)
DPA (20 times)
ABA-GE (7 times)
1973 The isolation of an abscisic-acid metabolite, 4'-dihydrophaseic acid, from non-imbibed Phaseolus vulgaris seed.
73  prednisolone acetate
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
CA (5 times)
DSC (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1986 Simultaneous determination of prednisolone acetate, prednisolone, prednisone, cortisone and hydrocortisone in swine plasma using solid-phase and liquid-liquid extraction techniques.
74  prostate-specific antigen
(47 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PAP (25 times)
gamma-Sm (16 times)
BPH (10 times)
1980 Quantitation of prostate-specific antigen in serum by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay.
75  physical abuse
(45 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
SA (29 times)
PN (12 times)
EA (11 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
76  alveolar pressure
(44 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
RL (6 times)
EL (5 times)
PEEP (5 times)
1978 Peribronchial pressure in excised dog lungs.
77  P. aeruginosa
(44 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CF (7 times)
EC (4 times)
CIP (3 times)
1975 Comparison of amikacin and gentamicin.
78  placenta accreta
(44 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
PP (9 times)
CS (4 times)
MRI (4 times)
2008 Placenta accreta: spectrum of US and MR imaging findings.
79  Pachymic acid
(43 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
LPS (3 times)
Nrf2 (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by pachymic acid from Poria cocos.
80  para-aortic
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
LACC (7 times)
DL (4 times)
OS (4 times)
1980 Cellular immunity during pregnancy. I. Proliferative and cytotoxic reactivity of paraaortic lymph nodes.
81  pulmonary aspergillosis
(43 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
BAL (5 times)
IPA (4 times)
CPA (3 times)
1991 [Diagnostic validity of imaging methods in the detection and observation of the progress of cases of invasive aspergillosis of the blood vessels of the lung].
82  primary anastomosis
(42 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
HP (21 times)
CI (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
1989 Thrombogenicity of canine free internal mammary artery autografts.
83  pantothenic acid
(40 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
CoA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
FA (2 times)
1975 Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on microsomal lipids of rat liver.
84  proteasome activator
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1976 [The peroxidase activity of rat cerebral hemisphere neurons during hypoxia training].
85  plasmapheresis
(39 times)
Therapeutics
(16 times)
HS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1985 Immunosuppressive agents and plasmapheresis in immunological disorders.
86  penicillin acylase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MCFs (3 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ADCA (1 time)
1975 [Properties of penicillin amidase covalently bound to cellulose matrices].
87  perforated appendicitis
(38 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
AA (11 times)
LA (7 times)
OA (7 times)
2000 Historical changes in the postoperative treatment of appendicitis in children: impact on medical outcome.
88  plaque area
(38 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
IVUS (13 times)
LA (11 times)
VA (7 times)
1994 Atherosclerotic plaque evolution in the descending thoracic aorta in familial hypercholesterolemic patients. A transesophageal echo study.
89  paracetamol
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DA (7 times)
CV (4 times)
AA (3 times)
1988 A comparative study of the formation of chemically reactive drug metabolites by human liver microsomes.
90  parallel analysis
(36 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
EFA (10 times)
CFA (6 times)
PCA (4 times)
1992 Remarks on Parallel Analysis.
91  parthenogenetically activated
(35 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(18 times)
IVF (14 times)
SCNT (7 times)
ROS (6 times)
2003 Analysis of imprinted messenger RNA expression during bovine preimplantation development.
92  polymerase acidic protein
(35 times)
Virology
(14 times)
NP (7 times)
IAV (6 times)
NA (6 times)
1994 Mutational analysis of the conserved motifs of influenza A virus polymerase basic protein 1.
93  power amplifier
(33 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(10 times)
RF (5 times)
CMOS (4 times)
DPD (4 times)
2009 Ultra-low output impedance RF power amplifier for parallel excitation.
94  palmitic
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SA (17 times)
LA (6 times)
AA (5 times)
1992 Inhibition of human term placental and fetal liver glutathione-S-transferases by fatty acids and fatty acid esters.
95  particle-attached
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
FL (30 times)
ARGs (4 times)
BCC (2 times)
2013 Taxonomic composition of the particle-attached and free-living bacterial assemblages in the Northwest Mediterranean Sea analyzed by pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA.
96  pulmonary angiography
(32 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
PE (21 times)
CT (7 times)
CTPA (4 times)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
97  pulmonary artery pressure
(32 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
PVR (8 times)
CI (5 times)
BP (4 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
98  pyloric atresia
(30 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
EB (15 times)
JEB (8 times)
EBS (2 times)
1991 Congenital pyloric atresia and junctional epidermolysis bullosa: a report of long-term survival and a review of the literature.
99  4-pyridoxic acid
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PLP (27 times)
PL (21 times)
PM (7 times)
2000 An appraisal of vitamin B6 status indices and associated confounders, in young people aged 4-18 years and in people aged 65 years and over, in two national British surveys.
100  plasma aldosterone concentration
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
PRA (23 times)
UAE (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.