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Abbreviation: PA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physical activity
(11381 times)
Public Health
(2157 times)
MVPA (1233 times)
BMI (805 times)
SB (499 times)
1977 A retrospective study of physical activity and coronary deaths.
pulmonary artery
(2358 times)
Cardiology
(785 times)
RV (309 times)
PH (174 times)
PAH (141 times)
1963 Pulmonary vasoconstriction in steers at high altitude
phosphatidic acid
(2238 times)
Biochemistry
(710 times)
PLD (448 times)
PC (385 times)
DAG (265 times)
1964 TURNOVER OF PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND SODIUM EXTRUSION FROM MAMMALIAN ERYTHROCYTES.
palmitic acid
(1651 times)
Biochemistry
(224 times)
HFD (139 times)
OA (125 times)
NAFLD (88 times)
1974 Effect of pipecolic acid isomers on the biogenesis of actinomycins.
photoacoustic
(1110 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(248 times)
NIR (142 times)
PTT (136 times)
US (114 times)
1980 Photoacoustics in life sciences.
primary aldosteronism
(1097 times)
Endocrinology
(406 times)
AVS (189 times)
APA (181 times)
ARR (147 times)
1976 [Secretory regulation and episodic secretion of aldosterone in patients with primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
plasminogen activator
(1088 times)
Neoplasms
(137 times)
tPA (201 times)
uPA (197 times)
PAI-1 (121 times)
1975 Mechanism of plasminogen activator and factor VIII increase after vasoactive drugs.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(842 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(184 times)
CF (239 times)
SA (65 times)
MRSA (35 times)
1980 Immune complexes and humoral response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis.
protective antigen
(766 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(235 times)
LF (263 times)
EF (161 times)
LT (39 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
10  posteroanterior
(710 times)
Radiology
(119 times)
AP (169 times)
CT (46 times)
BMD (41 times)
1978 A needle biopsy would be quickest.
11  polyamide
(507 times)
Environmental Health
(94 times)
Spd (46 times)
TFC (42 times)
Put (40 times)
1979 Polyamines: an unrecognised cardiovascular risk factor in chronic dialysis?
12  physician assistant
(470 times)
Education
(248 times)
NP (47 times)
PANCE (13 times)
IPE (12 times)
1975 The team; new roles for nurses in general practice--a lesson from America.
13  positive affect
(467 times)
Psychology
(180 times)
NA (330 times)
EMA (24 times)
PANAS (22 times)
1988 Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities.
14  pleomorphic adenoma
(453 times)
Pathology
(146 times)
ACC (78 times)
MEC (50 times)
WT (40 times)
1988 Intermediate filament expression in normal parotid glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
15  pilocytic astrocytoma
(238 times)
Neurology
(92 times)
PMA (30 times)
GBM (17 times)
NF1 (15 times)
1993 Chemotherapy for pilocytic astrocytomas.
16  plasma aldosterone
(236 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
PRA (181 times)
BP (33 times)
PC (27 times)
1975 Diurnal variations of plasma aldosterone in supine man: relationship to plasma renin activity and plasma cortisol.
17  passive avoidance
(233 times)
Pharmacology
(52 times)
MWM (51 times)
MDA (26 times)
EPM (22 times)
1976 Scopolamine's effect on passive avoidance behavior in immature rats.
18  pituitary adenoma
(226 times)
Endocrinology
(53 times)
GH (16 times)
RCC (15 times)
MRI (11 times)
1985 Hormonal response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in healthy horses and in horses with pituitary adenoma.
19  prealbumin
(221 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
ALB (69 times)
RBP (49 times)
CRP (36 times)
1975 Vitamin A transport in chicken plasma: isolation and characterization of retinol-binding protein (RBP), prealbumin (PA), and RBP--PA complex.
20  proanthocyanidin
(205 times)
Botany
(41 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
GA (7 times)
1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes.
21  propionic acidemia
(204 times)
Metabolism
(56 times)
MMA (73 times)
PCC (40 times)
IVA (15 times)
1984 Hudson memorial lecture. Neonatal management of organic acidurias. Clinical update.
22  palmitate
(200 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
HFD (41 times)
ER (24 times)
ROS (20 times)
1990 The intramyocardial fate of [1-14C] palmitate, iodopalmitate and iodophenylpentadecanoate in isolated rat hearts. A contribution to the choice of an iodinated fatty acid as a tracer of myocardial metabolism.
23  phase angle
(177 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(70 times)
BIA (74 times)
BMI (29 times)
BIVA (20 times)
1990 On-line bioelectric impedance during haemodialysis: monitoring of body fluids and cell membrane status.
24  platelet aggregation
(160 times)
Vascular Diseases
(48 times)
ADP (23 times)
PRP (13 times)
AA (12 times)
1970 The platelet aggregation test in group B arbovirus infections.
25  pernicious anemia
(151 times)
Medicine
(33 times)
IF (8 times)
Hb (7 times)
PCA (6 times)
1968 Malabsorption of hemoglobin iron in pernicious anemia: correction with intrinsic factor--containing substances.
26  proton affinity
(145 times)
Chemistry
(83 times)
DFT (27 times)
BDE (17 times)
GB (15 times)
1991 Demonstration of putative membrane and cytosol steroid receptors for 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one in brook troutSalvelinus fontinalis oocytes by photoaffinity labelling using synthetic progestin 17,21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregn-4,9-diene-3,20-dione (R5020).
27  personal accomplishment
(139 times)
Medicine
(23 times)
EE (131 times)
DP (119 times)
MBI (48 times)
1999 [The prevalence of the burnout syndrome or professional exhaustion in primary care physicians].
28  pyrrolizidine alkaloid
(139 times)
Toxicology
(45 times)
MCT (9 times)
HSOS (7 times)
DHP (4 times)
1982 Failure of mineral-vitamin supplements to prevent tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) toxicosis in cattle.
29  peptide amphiphile
(130 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(33 times)
ECM (12 times)
SEM (9 times)
AFM (6 times)
2003 Self-assembly combining two bioactive peptide-amphiphile molecules into nanofibers by electrostatic attraction.
30  phthalic acid
(129 times)
Environmental Health
(59 times)
DEHP (24 times)
DMP (24 times)
PAEs (23 times)
1978 [Radiolytic decontamination of Di-n-butyl phthalate from water (author's transl)].
31  parthenogenetic activation
(124 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(68 times)
IVF (56 times)
IVM (45 times)
SCNT (41 times)
2003 Recruit of porcine oocytes excluded from nuclear transfer program for the production of embryos following parthenogenetic activation.
32  particle agglutination
(124 times)
Communicable Diseases
(24 times)
WB (22 times)
IF (20 times)
EIA (19 times)
1976 [Antibodies and immunoglobulin levels in sera from patients with African paragonimiasis (author's transl)].
33  pancreatic adenocarcinoma
(122 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
OS (13 times)
PD (13 times)
CP (12 times)
1985 Effects of dichloromethylene diphosphonate on the osteolytic and osteoplastic effects of rat prostate adenocarcinoma cells.
34  phonological awareness
(118 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(32 times)
RAN (26 times)
MA (9 times)
TD (8 times)
1993 When reading is acquired but phonemic awareness is not: a study of literacy in Down's syndrome.
35  psoriatic arthritis
(116 times)
Rheumatology
(36 times)
RA (51 times)
AS (22 times)
OA (15 times)
1975 HL-A W27 in psoriatic arthropathy.
36  perinatal asphyxia
(115 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
HIE (19 times)
NO (6 times)
TH (6 times)
1996 Striatal cytomegalic neurons containing nitric oxide are associated with experimental perinatal asphyxia: implication of cold treatment.
37  polyacrylate
(114 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(73 times)
SPME (56 times)
PDMS (42 times)
HS-SPME (14 times)
1991 Biodegradation and sorption properties of polydisperse acrylate polymers.
38  procainamide
(110 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
NAPA (44 times)
ERP (5 times)
PABA (5 times)
1968 [The occurence and distribution of volatile amines in marine algae].
39  prior authorization
(107 times)
Pharmacy
(27 times)
HCV (9 times)
PMPM (4 times)
ST (4 times)
2002 Impact of NSAIDs prior authorization policy on patients' QoL.
40  prism adaptation
(102 times)
Neurology
(58 times)
USN (9 times)
ADL (6 times)
PPC (6 times)
2002 Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation.
41  pseudoaneurysm
(96 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
AVF (13 times)
CEA (6 times)
US (4 times)
1980 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
42  phosphatidate
(93 times)
Biochemistry
(48 times)
NEP (16 times)
PI (16 times)
PLD (14 times)
1980 [Follow-up studies on the behavior of mineral metabolic parameters with particular reference to the degree of skeletal minearlization in the milch cow in the period 4 weeks ante- to 16 weeks postpartum].
43  protein A
(92 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
PG (6 times)
SEA (5 times)
FCS (3 times)
1977 Staphylococcal protein A in immunoferritin techniques.
44  popliteal artery
(85 times)
Vascular Diseases
(36 times)
SFA (22 times)
CFA (13 times)
CCA (6 times)
1989 Laser-assisted reconstructive vascular surgery.
45  polyacrylamide
(82 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
ECM (6 times)
PAGE (5 times)
PDMS (4 times)
1975 Distinction between fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products in plasma.
46  phthalic anhydride
(81 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
TMA (17 times)
AD (13 times)
MA (12 times)
1982 Clinical and immunologic evaluation of trimellitic anhydride-and phthalic anhydride-exposed workers using a questionnaire with comparative analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent and radioimmunoassay studies.
47  pennation angle
(80 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
MT (38 times)
FL (33 times)
CSA (15 times)
2001 In vivo measurement of fascicle length and pennation angle of the human biceps femoris muscle.
48  Pennsylvania
(79 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
NY (8 times)
UT (7 times)
CWP (5 times)
1987 Geographic differences in hemophilia-associated AIDS incidence in Pennsylvania. By the Pennsylvania AIDS Surveillance Study Group.
49  phagocytic activity
(79 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(24 times)
PI (14 times)
ROS (13 times)
SOD (12 times)
1980 Occurrence of deficient monocyte yeast cell phagocytosis in presence of rheumatic sera.
50  phenylacetate
(79 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PB (15 times)
DFT (5 times)
PAG (3 times)
1983 Experimental maternal phenylketonuria: an examination of two animal models.
51  premature adrenarche
(79 times)
Endocrinology
(43 times)
DHEAS (13 times)
PCOS (11 times)
BMI (10 times)
1985 17-Hydroxyprogesterone responses to adrenocorticotropin in children with premature adrenarche.
52  parathyroid adenoma
(75 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(18 times)
pHPT (25 times)
PC (22 times)
PTH (13 times)
1999 Unsuspected intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma: mimic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in fine-needle aspiration specimens-a case report.
53  phenylacetic acid
(67 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
PA-CoA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
CA (4 times)
1989 Uptake of phenylacetic acid by Penicillium chrysogenum Wis 54-1255: a critical regulatory point in benzylpenicillin biosynthesis.
54  puromycin aminonucleoside
(67 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
PAN (8 times)
FSGS (6 times)
ADR (3 times)
1981 Experimental nephrosis: interassociation of proteinuria with impaired lymphocyte blastogenesis.
55  Pituitary apoplexy
(66 times)
Endocrinology
(22 times)
MRI (14 times)
ACTH (3 times)
CT (3 times)
1991 [Pituitary apoplexy and empty sella].
56  posterior approach
(66 times)
Orthopedics
(47 times)
THA (40 times)
DAA (37 times)
AA (10 times)
2009 Critical issues in groin hernia management.
57  peanut allergy
(61 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(48 times)
NA (8 times)
PS (6 times)
SPT (6 times)
1998 Identification and partial characterization of multiple major allergens in peanut proteins.
58  panic attacks
(59 times)
Psychiatry
(30 times)
PD (30 times)
FS (4 times)
GAD (4 times)
1988 Binding of imipramine to platelet membranes is reduced in panic attacks.
59  penicillic acid
(59 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
POH (13 times)
OTA (10 times)
PAT (7 times)
1972 Control of Penicillium martensii development and penicillic acid production by atmospheric gases and temperatures.
60  protected area
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
LULC (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
ALCI (1 time)
2001 A nonhuman primate model of age-related bone loss: a longitudinal study in male and premenopausal female rhesus monkeys.
61  pyridylaminated
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HPLC (6 times)
FAC (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1987 Identification method for twelve oligomannose-type sugar chains thought to be processing intermediates of glycoproteins.
62  penicillamine
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CP (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Cys (3 times)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
63  polymerase acidic
(51 times)
Virology
(20 times)
HA (12 times)
NA (12 times)
NP (11 times)
1987 Primary structure of the polymerase acidic (PA) gene of an influenza B virus (B/Sing/222/79).
64  placental abruption
(50 times)
Obstetrics
(22 times)
PE (7 times)
aOR (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1996 The occurrence of placental abruption in Norway 1967-1991.
65  protocatechuic acid
(50 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
GA (6 times)
DSS (4 times)
PAH (4 times)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
66  predictive accuracy
(48 times)
Urology
(15 times)
RP (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
BCR (4 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
67  phaseic acid
(47 times)
Botany
(26 times)
ABA (36 times)
DPA (21 times)
ABA-GE (7 times)
1973 The isolation of an abscisic-acid metabolite, 4'-dihydrophaseic acid, from non-imbibed Phaseolus vulgaris seed.
68  prostate-specific antigen
(47 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PAP (25 times)
gamma-Sm (16 times)
BPH (10 times)
1980 Quantitation of prostate-specific antigen in serum by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay.
69  percentage agreement
(46 times)
Rehabilitation
(15 times)
ICC (7 times)
IQR (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
2001 Reliability of an interview approach to the Functional Independence Measure.
70  alveolar pressure
(44 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
RL (6 times)
EL (5 times)
PEEP (5 times)
1978 Peribronchial pressure in excised dog lungs.
71  parthenogenetic
(44 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
SCNT (18 times)
IVF (11 times)
IVM (7 times)
2004 Apoptosis in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos.
72  pulse amplitude
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
POBF (19 times)
IOP (11 times)
PW (5 times)
1976 [Finger vasomotor, heart rate, and electrodermal measures of orienting and defensive reflexes (author's transl)].
73  prednisolone acetate
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
CA (4 times)
DSC (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1986 Simultaneous determination of prednisolone acetate, prednisolone, prednisone, cortisone and hydrocortisone in swine plasma using solid-phase and liquid-liquid extraction techniques.
74  periapical
(42 times)
Dentistry
(28 times)
CBCT (28 times)
BW (4 times)
AUC (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
75  para-aortic
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
LACC (7 times)
DL (4 times)
PET (4 times)
1980 Cellular immunity during pregnancy. I. Proliferative and cytotoxic reactivity of paraaortic lymph nodes.
76  physical abuse
(40 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
SA (26 times)
PN (9 times)
EA (8 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
77  proteasome activator
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1976 [The peroxidase activity of rat cerebral hemisphere neurons during hypoxia training].
78  P. aeruginosa
(39 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CF (6 times)
CIP (3 times)
EC (3 times)
1975 Comparison of amikacin and gentamicin.
79  placenta accreta
(39 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
PP (8 times)
CS (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
2008 Placenta accreta: spectrum of US and MR imaging findings.
80  plasmapheresis
(39 times)
Therapeutics
(16 times)
HS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1985 Immunosuppressive agents and plasmapheresis in immunological disorders.
81  primary anastomosis
(39 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
HP (20 times)
CI (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
1989 Thrombogenicity of canine free internal mammary artery autografts.
82  pantothenic acid
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
CoA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
1975 Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on microsomal lipids of rat liver.
83  penicillin acylase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MCFs (3 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ADCA (1 time)
1975 [Properties of penicillin amidase covalently bound to cellulose matrices].
84  Patchouli alcohol
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
COX-2 (3 times)
IL (3 times)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol isolated from Pogostemonis Herba in animal models.
85  pulmonary aspergillosis
(36 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
BAL (4 times)
IPA (4 times)
CPA (3 times)
1991 [Diagnostic validity of imaging methods in the detection and observation of the progress of cases of invasive aspergillosis of the blood vessels of the lung].
86  plaque area
(35 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
IVUS (12 times)
LA (11 times)
VA (7 times)
1994 Atherosclerotic plaque evolution in the descending thoracic aorta in familial hypercholesterolemic patients. A transesophageal echo study.
87  pachymic acid
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
ROS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
AKI (2 times)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by pachymic acid from Poria cocos.
88  parallel analysis
(33 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
EFA (9 times)
CFA (6 times)
PCA (3 times)
1992 Remarks on Parallel Analysis.
89  perforated appendicitis
(33 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
AA (9 times)
LA (7 times)
OA (7 times)
2000 Historical changes in the postoperative treatment of appendicitis in children: impact on medical outcome.
90  pulmonary angiography
(31 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
PE (20 times)
CT (7 times)
CTPA (4 times)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
91  pulmonary artery pressure
(31 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
PVR (8 times)
CI (5 times)
BP (4 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
92  parthenogenetically activated
(29 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(16 times)
IVF (10 times)
SCNT (7 times)
ROS (4 times)
2003 Analysis of imprinted messenger RNA expression during bovine preimplantation development.
93  plasma aldosterone concentration
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
PRA (23 times)
UAE (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
94  Peripheral ameloblastoma
(28 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
AC (2 times)
BCC (2 times)
CKs (2 times)
1991 Peripheral ameloblastoma: a clinical and histologic study of 11 cases.
95  polymerase acidic protein
(28 times)
Virology
(11 times)
NP (7 times)
IAV (6 times)
HA (4 times)
1994 Mutational analysis of the conserved motifs of influenza A virus polymerase basic protein 1.
96  paired-associate
(27 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
FB (6 times)
WPT (4 times)
BG (2 times)
1975 Acquisition of verbal associations to olfactory stimuli of varying familiarity and to abstract visual stimuli.
97  palmitic
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SA (15 times)
AA (5 times)
LA (5 times)
1992 Inhibition of human term placental and fetal liver glutathione-S-transferases by fatty acids and fatty acid esters.
98  primary amenorrhea
(27 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
SA (9 times)
TS (4 times)
POF (3 times)
1979 Infrequent structural chromosome aberrations in women with primary amenorrhea.
99  prostatic adenoma
(27 times)
Urology
(26 times)
TUR (4 times)
PC (2 times)
PU (2 times)
1989 [Selection of the method of drainage of the urinary tract in patients with advanced-stage adenoma of the prostate].
100  paracetamol
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
DA (4 times)
AA (3 times)
UA (3 times)
1988 A comparative study of the formation of chemically reactive drug metabolites by human liver microsomes.