A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PAR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PAR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PAR
Appearance Frequency: 4418 time(s)
Long forms: 427

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
protease-activated receptor
(682 times)
Vascular Diseases
(92 times)
TF (48 times)
IL (34 times)
APC (26 times)
1996 Ligand cross-reactivity within the protease-activated receptor family.
photosynthetically active radiation
(569 times)
Environmental Health
(155 times)
UVR (39 times)
VPD (32 times)
LAI (24 times)
1979 Time course of photosynthetic response to changes in incident light energy.
population attributable risk
(443 times)
Public Health
(67 times)
CI (54 times)
OR (47 times)
RR (40 times)
1982 [Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in women. (Results of a case control study)].
poly(ADP-ribose)
(419 times)
Biochemistry
(102 times)
PARP-1 (88 times)
PARG (71 times)
PARP (69 times)
1990 Poly(ADP-ribose)-synthesis and excision repair in light sensitive skin disorders.
participatory action research
(294 times)
Nursing
(68 times)
MS (4 times)
CBPR (3 times)
CNAs (3 times)
1991 Participatory action research with self-help groups: an alternative paradigm for inquiry and action.
Peer Assessment Rating
(206 times)
Dentistry
(169 times)
ICON (17 times)
IOTN (17 times)
AC (8 times)
1993 Consultant opinion on orthodontic treatment plans used by dental practitioners: a pilot study.
perennial allergic rhinitis
(178 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(81 times)
SAR (39 times)
AR (20 times)
TNSS (8 times)
1991 Clinical evaluation of triamcinolone acetonide nasal aerosol in children with perennial allergic rhinitis.
4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol
(123 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(72 times)
RSD (6 times)
CE (3 times)
EDXRF (3 times)
1966 Some new heterocyclic compounds as analytical reagents.
pseudoautosomal region
(112 times)
Genetics
(41 times)
STS (11 times)
FISH (7 times)
PAB (4 times)
1990 Localization of the human GM-CSF receptor gene to the X-Y pseudoautosomal region.
10  paracetamol
(107 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(30 times)
CAF (12 times)
MET (9 times)
Dex (7 times)
1983 The influence of paracetamol on the anti-inflammatory, the anti-pyretic and the analgesic activity of indomethacin.
11  platelet aggregation rate
(53 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
PCI (6 times)
MACE (4 times)
TXB2 (4 times)
1980 Sequential changes in factor VIII and platelets preceding deep vein thrombosis in patients with spinal cord injury.
12  physical activity recall
(50 times)
Sports Medicine
(16 times)
PA (9 times)
BMR (6 times)
EE (6 times)
1988 Predictive control by physical activity rate of a total artificial heart during exercise.
13  paravalvular aortic regurgitation
(43 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
TAVI (20 times)
TAVR (12 times)
THV (10 times)
2010 Correlation of Device landing zone calcification and acute procedural success in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantations with the self-expanding CoreValve prosthesis.
14  persistent allergic rhinitis
(41 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
AR (5 times)
TNSS (5 times)
ECP (4 times)
2002 Up-regulation of IL-18 in allergic rhinitis.
15  passive avoidance response
(35 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(12 times)
TTX (6 times)
MSA (4 times)
EC (3 times)
1974 The effect of phase-shift on the passive avoidance response in rats and the modifying action of chlordiazepoxide.
16  pulmonary arteriolar resistance
(34 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
CI (8 times)
PAP (6 times)
LV (4 times)
1978 Pulmonary hemodynamics and right ventricular function in hypertension.
17  partitioning-defective
(33 times)
Cell Biology
(10 times)
aPKC (5 times)
AJ (2 times)
Co-IP (2 times)
2000 The cell-polarity protein Par6 links Par3 and atypical protein kinase C to Cdc42.
18  perennial AR
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
AR (29 times)
SAR (12 times)
BDP (6 times)
2001 Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of pulmonary arterial pressure in children with allergic rhinitis.
19  poly-ADP-ribosylation
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DMN (3 times)
PARP (3 times)
PARP-1 (3 times)
2000 Proteasome inhibition results in increased poly-ADP-ribosylation: implications for neuron death.
20  paroxetine
(24 times)
Psychopharmacology
(6 times)
5-HIAA (2 times)
AD (2 times)
CBZ (2 times)
1988 [Characteristics of 3H-paroxetine-labeled serotonin uptake sites in rat brain].
21  parenchyma
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
MFP (10 times)
BW (2 times)
DEG (2 times)
2001 A local increase in the mammary IGF-1: IGFBP-3 ratio mediates the mammogenic effects of estrogen and growth hormone.
22  progressive atrophic rhinitis
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
PMT (5 times)
PCR (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1994 Field evaluation of thirteen regimens for the control of progressive atrophic rhinitis.
23  passive anterior rhinomanometry
(16 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
AAR (2 times)
APR (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
1977 [The results of comparative examinations in patients with grass pollen allergies (author's transl)].
24  phenylacetaldehyde reductase
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
2-PE (3 times)
AADC (3 times)
l-Phe (3 times)
1999 Cloning, sequence analysis, and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene encoding phenylacetaldehyde reductase from styrene-assimilating Corynebacterium sp. strain ST-10.
25  poly(ADP-ribose) polymer
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PARP-1 (5 times)
AIF (4 times)
PARP (4 times)
2004 The effect of PARP inhibitor on ischaemic cell death, its related inflammation and survival signals.
26  polymers of ADP-ribose
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
PARPs (5 times)
PARP-1 (4 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
2006 Poly(ADP-ribose): novel functions for an old molecule.
27  predictive adaptive response
(12 times)
Biology
(5 times)
DP (1 time)
LH (1 time)
REE (1 time)
2007 Life history trade-offs in human growth: adaptation or pathology?
28  pain relief
(11 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
PI (5 times)
PID (5 times)
SPID (5 times)
1991 Analgesic efficacy of acetaminophen 1000 mg, acetaminophen 2000 mg, and the combination of acetaminophen 1000 mg and codeine phosphate 60 mg versus placebo in acute postoperative pain.
29  passive avoidance reaction
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(6 times)
TTX (4 times)
PBN (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
30  population attributable proportions
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HPV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
IRRs (2 times)
1985 [Population attributable risk percent (PAR) of obesity in essential hypertension].
31  personal attenuation rating
(10 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
HPDs (7 times)
F-MIRE (3 times)
ANSI (1 time)
2011 Development and validation of a field microphone-in-real-ear approach for measuring hearing protector attenuation.
32  plain abdominal radiography
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ED (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1985 Utility of the plain abdominal radiograph for diagnosing ureteral calculi.
33  population at risk
(10 times)
Military Medicine
(3 times)
CGOs (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
CW (1 time)
2010 The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009.
34  pulse amplitude ratio
(10 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LVEDP (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1999 Is blood pressure response to the Valsalva maneuver related to neurohormones, exercise capacity, and clinical findings in heart failure?
35  parental
(9 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(3 times)
MDR (6 times)
CsA (3 times)
P-gp (3 times)
1993 Atypical multi-drug resistance (MDR): low sensitivity of a P-glycoprotein-expressing human T lymphoblastoid MDR cell line to classical P-glycoprotein-directed resistance-modulating agents.
36  parthenolide
(9 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
GAG (2 times)
IL (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1996 Parthenolide inhibits the contractile responses of rat stomach fundus to fenfluramine and dextroamphetamine but not serotonin.
37  Peer Assessment Rating Index
(9 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DHC (3 times)
IOTN (3 times)
AC (1 time)
1996 Assessment of General Dental Services orthodontic standards: the Dental Practice Board's gradings compared to PAR and IOTN.
38  plasma active renin
(9 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BP (3 times)
PIR (3 times)
AFV (2 times)
1987 [Increase in plasma levels of active and inactive renin after inhibition of renin activity by SR 42128 in conscious Macaca monkeys].
39  post-anesthetic recovery
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
BCCH (1 time)
BiPAP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1984 Anaesthetic ad post-anaesthetic recovery nursing. The role and training of the post-anaesthetic recovery (PAR) nurse.
40  peak area ratios
(8 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BAs (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CID (1 time)
1990 Comparison of derivatives for determination of codeine and morphine by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
41  poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose)
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
PARP-1 (2 times)
PD (2 times)
5-AIQ (1 time)
2005 Poly(Adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibition preserves erectile function in rats after cavernous nerve injury.
42  pain at rest
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
MEP (5 times)
AEs (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2011 Systematic review of movement-evoked pain versus pain at rest in postsurgical clinical trials and meta-analyses: a fundamental distinction requiring standardized measurement.
43  paravalvular regurgitation
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MDCT (3 times)
TAVI (2 times)
TAVR (2 times)
2013 Hemodynamic assessment of paravalvular aortic regurgitation after TAVI: estimated myocardial supply-demand ratio and cardiovascular mortality.
44  parietal
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
TE (2 times)
WMNs (2 times)
1991 Comparative analysis of the effects of iontophoretically applied dopamine in different regions of the rat brain, with special reference to the cingulate cortex.
45  parietal cortex
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PFC (3 times)
CPu (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
1996 [Ischemic neuronal damage in early recovery. A morphological study on evolution of damage in hyperglycemia and normoglycemia].
46  paromomycin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AG (3 times)
TCS (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1986 Inherent resistance of HeLa cell derivatives to paromomycin.
47  passive avoidance reflex
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NGF (2 times)
PBCA (2 times)
5-OTP (1 time)
1976 [Effect of an excess of serotonin in the brain on consolidation of temporary connections].
48  perennial
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CIU (1 time)
1988 Eastern pine sensitivity in New England.
49  Physical Activity Recall questionnaire
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AAS (3 times)
HAP (3 times)
MAS (2 times)
2001 Validation of questionnaires to estimate physical activity and functioning in end-stage renal disease.
50  platelet to albumin ratio
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HR (4 times)
OS (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2017 Preoperative Platelet-to-Albumin Ratio Predicts Prognosis of Patients with Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma After Pancreatic Resection.
51  postanesthesia recovery unit
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
AMG (1 time)
GA (1 time)
NMBD (1 time)
1991 Epidural fentanyl does not influence intravenous PCA requirements in the post-caesarean patient.
52  posthumous assisted reproduction
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
IVF (2 times)
SART (1 time)
1996 Posthumous assisted reproduction. Posthumous assisted reproduction (PAR): cancer patients, potential cases, counselling and consent.
53  prostate androgen regulated
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
siRNA (3 times)
PCa (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2000 PAR, a novel androgen regulated gene, ubiquitously expressed in normal and malignant cells.
54  proton assisted recoupling
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MAS (3 times)
PAIN-CP (1 time)
RESORT (1 time)
2009 Proton assisted recoupling and protein structure determination.
55  pseudo-allergic reactions
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ASA (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
1983 Pseudo-allergic reactions to drugs and chemicals.
56  percent area reduction
(6 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(4 times)
DFUs (3 times)
DFU (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2010 A post-hoc analysis of reduction in diabetic foot ulcer size at 4 weeks as a predictor of healing by 12 weeks.
57  plasma appearance rate
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PCR (2 times)
5'-DI (1 time)
FT3 (1 time)
1985 Optimized kinetics of reverse-triiodothyronine distribution and metabolism in the rat: dominance of large, slowly exchanging tissue pools for iodothyronines.
58  proline- and acidic amino acid-rich
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
bZIP (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
HLF (2 times)
1994 Chromosomal localization and cDNA cloning of the human DBP and TEF genes.
59  pulmonary arterial remodeling
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
PAH (3 times)
HPASMCs (2 times)
PDGF (2 times)
2008 Transforming growth factor-beta signaling mediates hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling and inhibition of alveolar development in newborn mouse lung.
60  parathion
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
CPF (3 times)
OPT (3 times)
MAL (2 times)
1976 Pathways of microbial metabolism of parathion.
61  Patient Acuity Rating
(5 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
RRT (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Patient acuity rating: quantifying clinical judgment regarding inpatient stability.
62  platelet aggregation response
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADP (2 times)
CPZ (2 times)
PGE1 (2 times)
1980 Serotonin receptor site in human platelets from control and chlorpromazine treated subjects.
63  postauricular reflex
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
RSVP (1 time)
2009 Measuring appetitive responding with the postauricular reflex.
64  product of antigenic recognition
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CTL (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
RS (1 time)
1969 Quaitative studies on antigenic recognition. I. Immunological and nonimmunological parameters of the response.
65  parallel
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PER (2 times)
AK (1 time)
LII (1 time)
2004 A case study of high-throughput biological data processing on parallel platforms.
66  Paranoid Ideation
(4 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
SCL-90-R (4 times)
DEP (3 times)
SOM (3 times)
2012 The effects of tinnitus and/or hearing loss on the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised test.
67  Paraquat
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DMN (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
MCA (2 times)
1981 Activity of pyruvate kinase and lactic acid dehydrogenase in mouse lung after transplacental exposure to carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic chemicals.
68  Partition defective protein
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
BVES (1 time)
dpc (1 time)
dpp (1 time)
2009 PAR6, a potential marker for the germ cells selected to form primordial follicles in mouse ovary.
69  patient at risk
(4 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ICU (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
CSHCN (1 time)
2004 Use of the patient at risk scores in the emergency department: a preliminary study.
70  peak-to-average ratio
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
ALCs (1 time)
BFO (1 time)
BPSO (1 time)
2008 A printer model using signal processing techniques.
71  peer academic reputation
(4 times)
Personality Development
(3 times)
TSRQ (1 time)
2008 A reputation for success (or failure): the association of peer academic reputations with academic self-concept, effort, and performance across the upper elementary grades.
72  perimeter-area ratio
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
BMI (3 times)
WHR (2 times)
CJWR (1 time)
1999 Visual cues to female physical attractiveness.
73  peripheral arterial resistance
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
BFLL (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1983 Once a day indapamide therapy in hypertension. Effects on the heart and peripheral arterial circulation.
74  pharyngeal acid reflux
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
PL (2 times)
AET (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
1999 Pharyngeal acid reflux in patients with single and multiple otolaryngologic disorders.
75  Physician Achievement Review
(4 times)
Education
(3 times)
AAI (1 time)
ABIM (1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
1999 Assessment of physician performance in Alberta: the physician achievement review.
76  polyarginine
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HA (2 times)
ALG (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2010 Mechanism of protein release from polyelectrolyte multilayer microcapsules.
77  positive anaesthetic response
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ACJ (2 times)
GHJ (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2011 A prospective study of shoulder pain in primary care: prevalence of imaged pathology and response to guided diagnostic blocks.
78  posterior ascending ramus
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
PT (2 times)
HG (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1990 Sulcus topography of the parietal opercular region: an anatomic and MR study.
79  postural adjustment ratio
(4 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(3 times)
EGG (2 times)
VC (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
2015 Serum catecholamines and dysautonomia in diabetic gastroparesis and liver cirrhosis.
80  potassium ascorbate with ribose
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (3 times)
BWS (2 times)
AOPP (1 time)
2011 Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: potassium ascorbate with ribose therapy in a syndrome with high neoplastic risk.
81  potentially avoidable readmission
(4 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2018 Assessment of Avoidable Readmissions in a Visceral Surgery Department with an Algorithm: Methodology, Analysis and Measures for Improvement.
82  practice adaptive reserve
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BPs (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
2014 Capability for change at community health centers serving Asian Pacific Islanders: an exploratory study of a cancer screening evidence-based intervention.
83  projection artifact removal
(4 times)
Eye Diseases
(2 times)
OCTA (4 times)
DCP (3 times)
SCP (3 times)
2017 Quantitative Analysis of Three Distinct Retinal Capillary Plexuses in Healthy Eyes Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.
84  proline- and acid-rich
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DBP (3 times)
bZIP (2 times)
HLF (2 times)
1996 Transcriptional regulator of programmed cell death encoded by Caenorhabditis elegans gene ces-2.
85  pulmonary artery rings
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NA (2 times)
8-MOP (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1991 [Change in pulmonary artery and aorta reactions of isobaric hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in guinea-pig and milrinone's effect].
86  pulmonary artery rupture
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
FB (1 time)
PAC (1 time)
PRB (1 time)
1994 Decreasing the risk of pulmonary artery rupture with a pressure relief balloon.
87  paediatric admission record
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CIN (2 times)
OR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2006 Implementation of a structured paediatric admission record for district hospitals in Kenya--results of a pilot study.
88  paraflagellar rod proteins
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
i.p (2 times)
s.c (2 times)
1995 Pure paraflagellar rod protein protects mice against Trypanosoma cruzi infection.
89  parity
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AGE (1 time)
BR (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
2016 Predicting colostrum quality from performance in the previous lactation and environmental changes.
90  Patient Assessment Record
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CMEP (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
1996 Development of a comprehensive nursing/toxicity assessment form.
91  pediatric allergic rhinitis
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
EMBASE (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
2009 [Clinical observation of Flos magnoliae volatile oil nano-liposome nasal drops in treating pediatric allergic rhinitis].
92  physical activity recommendations
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HIIT (1 time)
2016 Meeting physical activity recommendations may be protective against temporal lobe atrophy in older adults at risk for Alzheimer's disease.
93  polyarylate
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CNFs (1 time)
OLED (1 time)
PEPA (1 time)
2011 Polyester polymer alloy as a high-performance membrane.
94  polymerase
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2002 The tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG 126 reduces the multiple organ failure induced by zymosan in the rat.
95  polymerized albumin receptor
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HBV (2 times)
BNC (1 time)
DDS (1 time)
1992 Identification of polymerized-albumin receptor domain in the pre-S2 region of hepatitis B virus surface antigen M protein.
96  post-anesthesia room
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
GA (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2002 Effects of intravenous ketorolac and fentanyl combined with midazolam on analgesia and side effects during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
97  Post-Approval Registry
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AVNA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CED (1 time)
2018 Updated performance of the Micra transcatheter pacemaker in the real-world setting: A comparison to the investigational study and a transvenous historical control.
98  post-procedural aortic regurgitation
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AML (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
HDFR (1 time)
2013 MSCT guided sizing of the Edwards Sapien XT TAVI device: impact of different degrees of oversizing on clinical outcome.
99  postauricular response
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MLAER (1 time)
1988 Auditory postauricular responses in patients with peripheral facial nerve palsy.
100  pressure autoregulatory response
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
CVR (3 times)
BFV (2 times)
TCD (2 times)
2002 Is transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) good enough in determining CO2 reactivity and pressure autoregulation in head-injured patients?