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Abbreviation: PAs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physician assistants
(567 times)
Medicine
(153 times)
NPs (231 times)
CI (17 times)
APPs (15 times)
1977 Physicians, physicians' assistants, and the social characteristics of patients in southern Appalachia.
pyrrolizidine alkaloids
(406 times)
Toxicology
(98 times)
HSOS (19 times)
DHP (16 times)
MCT (11 times)
1980 The effect of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (Senecio vulgaris) on the liver mixed-funcion oxidase system.
plasminogen activators
(244 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
tPA (104 times)
uPA (84 times)
PAI-1 (50 times)
1982 Macrophage fibrinolytic activity: identification of two pathways of plasmin formation by intact cells and of a plasminogen activator inhibitor.
proanthocyanidins
(233 times)
Botany
(71 times)
ANR (27 times)
LAR (22 times)
mDP (7 times)
2002 Transport of proanthocyanidin dimer, trimer, and polymer across monolayers of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells.
polyamines
(232 times)
Botany
(82 times)
Spd (75 times)
Put (66 times)
Spm (57 times)
1985 [Activity of uremic toxins and polyamines on organ culture of 7-day-old chick embryo].
pulmonary arteries
(227 times)
Cardiology
(63 times)
PASMCs (40 times)
PH (34 times)
PAH (33 times)
1983 Balloon dilation angioplasty of hypoplastic and stenotic pulmonary arteries.
protected areas
(176 times)
Environmental Health
(72 times)
ESs (5 times)
PADDD (4 times)
IUCN (3 times)
2008 Size-dependent resistance of protected areas to land-use change.
pituitary adenomas
(163 times)
Endocrinology
(38 times)
GH (9 times)
NFPA (8 times)
TMZ (7 times)
2000 Non-random trisomies of chromosomes 5, 8 and 12 in the prolactinoma sub-type of pituitary adenomas: conventional cytogenetics and interphase FISH study.
Polyamines
(107 times)
Botany
(32 times)
Spd (29 times)
Put (25 times)
Spm (24 times)
1997 The effects of spermine and spermidine on the structure of photosystem II proteins in relation to inhibition of electron transport.
10  peptide amphiphiles
(94 times)
Chemistry
(28 times)
ECM (8 times)
hMSCs (3 times)
HUVECs (3 times)
2005 Coassembly of amphiphiles with opposite peptide polarities into nanofibers.
11  pilocytic astrocytomas
(80 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
PMAs (11 times)
GGs (6 times)
NF1 (6 times)
2002 Comparative gene expression profile analysis of neurofibromatosis 1-associated and sporadic pilocytic astrocytomas.
12  pleomorphic adenomas
(56 times)
Pathology
(17 times)
WTs (13 times)
MTs (9 times)
ACCs (6 times)
1996 Pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid-cystic carcinoma of salivary glands: immunohistochemical assessment of proliferative activity in comparison with flow-cytometric study.
13  proton affinities
(44 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
DFT (6 times)
BDEs (5 times)
EAs (3 times)
1995 Gas-phase nitronium ion affinities.
14  panic attacks
(40 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
PD (20 times)
PTSD (4 times)
SAD (4 times)
1997 Rapid onset: a valid panic disorder criterion?
15  phenolic acids
(39 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BB (2 times)
CA (2 times)
FA (2 times)
1993 High performance liquid chromatographic determination of phenolic acids in fruits and vegetables.
16  phosphatidic acids
(30 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
PCs (14 times)
PGs (10 times)
PEs (9 times)
1990 Calcium-induced lipid phase separations and interactions of phosphatidylcholine/anionic phospholipid vesicles. Fluorescence studies using carbazole-labeled and brominated phospholipids.
17  pseudoaneurysms
(30 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
AVF (3 times)
CT (2 times)
LC (2 times)
1988 Pseudoaneurysms complicating organ transplantation: roles of CT, duplex sonography, and angiography.
18  physician associates
(26 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
GP (2 times)
NHS (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
2014 Satisfaction of doctors with the role of physician associates.
19  Protected Areas
(23 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
AUC (1 time)
BFL (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
2011 Conservation genetics of maned wolves in a highly impacted area of the Brazilian Cerrado biome.
20  parenchymal arterioles
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
BCAS (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
MCAs (3 times)
2010 Endothelial SK(Ca) and IK(Ca) channels regulate brain parenchymal arteriolar diameter and cortical cerebral blood flow.
21  physical activities
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
BMI (3 times)
METs (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Metabolic equivalent (MET) intensities of culturally-specific physical activities performed by New Zealanders.
22  parathyroid adenomas
(16 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
PTH (3 times)
circRNAs (2 times)
2002 Chromosomal imbalances identified by comparative genomic hybridization in sporadic parathyroid adenomas.
23  pharyngeal arches
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
BMP (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
cEbf1-3 (1 time)
2013 Spatio-temporal expression patterns of anterior Hox genes during Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) embryonic development.
24  preadipocytes
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
APCs (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
ATMs (1 time)
2001 Estrogen receptors in human preadipocytes.
25  prior authorizations
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ADAM (1 time)
CAPs (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
2006 The economic burden associated with prior authorizations in an allergist office.
26  progesterone antagonists
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
PRMs (7 times)
PR (2 times)
ER (1 time)
2000 Endocrine pharmacological characterization of progesterone antagonists and progesterone receptor modulators with respect to PR-agonistic and antagonistic activity.
27  power amplifiers
(7 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
ABER (1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
AMBs (1 time)
2006 A novel matching network employing surface acoustic wave devices for W-CDMA power amplifiers.
28  prostate adenocarcinomas
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
L-W (3 times)
MNU (2 times)
TP (2 times)
1986 Production of autochthonous prostate cancer in Lobund-Wistar rats by treatments with N-nitroso-N-methylurea and testosterone.
29  prostatic arteries
(7 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
CT (3 times)
DSA (3 times)
BPH (2 times)
2012 Prostatic arterial supply: anatomic and imaging findings relevant for selective arterial embolization.
30  pathologists' assistants
(6 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
DTVs (1 time)
FP (1 time)
IGCWs (1 time)
1999 The usefulness of pathologists' assistants.
31  peasant associations
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CBPP (1 time)
cELISA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2004 Human helminthiasis in Wondo Genet, southern Ethiopia, with emphasis on geohelminthiasis.
32  phosphonic acids
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
XPS (3 times)
OLEDs (2 times)
OPVs (2 times)
2011 The modification of indium tin oxide with phosphonic acids: mechanism of binding, tuning of surface properties, and potential for use in organic electronic applications.
33  polyphenolic acetates
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
NOS (4 times)
DAMC (3 times)
2009 Specificities of calreticulin transacetylase to acetoxy derivatives of 3-alkyl-4-methylcoumarins: effect on the activation of nitric oxide synthase.
34  programmed activities
(6 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CCT (1 time)
CESR (1 time)
CRIS (1 time)
2011 Value of trainees in a radiology department. A retrospective semi-quantitative analysis.
35  paroxysmal arousals
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NPD (3 times)
NFLE (2 times)
ENWs (1 time)
1992 Nocturnal paroxysmal dystonia and nocturnal wandering.
36  periapical radiographs
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CBCT (3 times)
CUCLP (1 time)
DIB (1 time)
2014 Cone-beam computed tomographic scans in comparison with periapical radiographs for root canal length measurement: an in situ study.
37  phenolamides
(5 times)
Botany
(4 times)
JA (1 time)
JA-Ile (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2015 Systematic analysis of rice (Oryza sativa) metabolic responses to herbivory.
38  polarizing agents
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DNP (2 times)
CE (1 time)
DNP-SENS (1 time)
2017 Bis-Gadolinium Complexes for Solid Effect and Cross Effect Dynamic Nuclear Polarization.
39  polymer acceptors
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
all-PSCs (5 times)
PCE (3 times)
Qx (2 times)
2019 Recent Advances, Design Guidelines, and Prospects of All-Polymer Solar Cells.
40  prostaglandin analogues
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AAAs (1 time)
CAIs (1 time)
CMMR (1 time)
2007 Prescription of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and co-prescribed drugs for mucosal protection: analysis of the present status based on questionnaires obtained from orthopedists in Japan.
41  pulmonary arterioles
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AMB (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2008 Fetal tracheal occlusion for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia in humans: a morphometric study of lung parenchyma and muscularization of pulmonary arterioles.
42  pancreatic adenocarcinomas
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CCRT (1 time)
CNAs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Pancreatectomy for adenocarcinoma in elderly patients: postoperative outcomes and long term results: a study of the French Surgical Association.
43  perforating arteries
(4 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CLPO (1 time)
CPO (1 time)
MCAs (1 time)
1990 Amine-induced responses of pial and penetrating cerebral arteries: evidence for heterogeneous responses.
44  polyacetylenes
(4 times)
Macromolecular Substances
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FAD2 (1 time)
2008 Biomass and content of ginsenosides and polyacetylenes in American ginseng roots can be increased without affecting the profile of bioactive compounds.
45  polypoid adenomas
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DAs (1 time)
EPs (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
1994 Colorectal counterpart of gastric depressed adenoma. A comparison with flat and polypoid adenomas with special reference to the development of pericryptal fibroblasts.
46  probabilistic atlases
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
GACs (1 time)
MALF (1 time)
2008 Construction of hierarchical multi-organ statistical atlases and their application to multi-organ segmentation from CT images.
47  prophylactic antibiotics
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ABT (1 time)
GI (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2008 The Surgical Care Improvement project (SCIP) initiative to reduce infection in elective colorectal surgery: which performance measures affect outcome?
48  pulmonary artery systolic pressure
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
ELWI (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
1991 Effect of severe pulmonary hypertension on the calculation of mitral valve area in patients with mitral stenosis.
49  paired associates
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
DA (1 time)
HPC (1 time)
1977 Processing of interactive and noninteractive pictures in PA learning by retarded persons.
50  parvalbumins
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NATs (1 time)
Nt-acetylated (1 time)
2009 Metal-controlled interdomain cooperativity in parvalbumins.
51  patient advocates
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
2012 Community adherence support improves programme retention in children on antiretroviral treatment: a multicentre cohort study in South Africa.
52  periapical abscesses
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CVD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
PDs (1 time)
2018 [Perianal abscess in children: A pediatric infectious disease perspective].
53  personal assistants
(3 times)
Community Health Services
(3 times)
IPBs (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
PHBs (1 time)
2001 Bridging the gap: using direct payments to purchase integrated care.
54  Pesticide adjuvants
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDIs (1 time)
NP (1 time)
TPE (1 time)
2021 Occurrences of eight common-used pesticide adjuvants in ten vegetable species and implications for dietary intake in North China.
55  pharmacy assistants
(3 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
cUOD (1 time)
MATOD (1 time)
NPSA (1 time)
2015 Reducing unacceptable missed doses: pharmacy assistant-supported medicine administration.
56  pial arteries
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BAs (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
FFC (1 time)
1990 Actions of platelet-activating factor on isolated feline and human cerebral arteries.
57  popliteal aneurysms
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ET (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1997 [Magnetic resonance tomography and magnetic resonance angiography in diagnosis of complicated popliteal artery aneurysm].
58  practice assistants
(3 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
GPs (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2005 Combined training of GPs and practice-assistants on peripheral arterial disease: positive effects after six months.
59  prediction accuracies
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
GS (3 times)
GE (2 times)
BLUPs (1 time)
2019 Genomic Selection in Rubber Tree Breeding: A Comparison of Models and Methods for Managing GE Interactions.
60  procyanidins
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2004 Procyanidins from grape seeds protect against phorbol ester-induced oxidative cellular and genotoxic damage.
61  proprioceptive afferents
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CST (1 time)
CX (1 time)
DRN (1 time)
2011 Co-development of proprioceptive afferents and the corticospinal tract within the cervical spinal cord.
62  prostatic abscesses
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
TRUS (1 time)
TURP (1 time)
2003 Multiloculated prostate abscess: treatment with transrectal ultrasound guided transrectal needle aspiration and lavage with the saline and antibiotic.
63  pulmonary adenocarcinomas
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2003 Utility of immunohistochemistry in separating thymic neoplasms from germ cell tumors and metastatic lung cancer involving the anterior mediastinum.
64  purine analogs
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HCL (3 times)
CHRs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Combination therapies to improve the long-term outcome in hairy cell leukemia.
65  papillomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
CISH (1 time)
DYS (1 time)
1994 Characterization of the tumor-promoting activity of thapsigargin in cf-1 mouse skin.
66  paraphilias
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NPSA (1 time)
NPSAs (1 time)
1992 A comparative study of nonparaphilic sexual addictions and paraphilias in men.
67  pastoral associations
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PE (1 time)
RBPT (1 time)
2013 Seroprevalence of Brucellosis and Q-Fever in Southeast Ethiopian Pastoral Livestock.
68  pediatric aneurysms
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2012 Efficacy of clip-wrapping in treatment of complex pediatric aneurysms.
69  penetrating arterioles
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
bMCAs (1 time)
EDHF (1 time)
LMAs (1 time)
1999 Functional heterogeneity of endothelial P2 purinoceptors in the cerebrovascular tree of the rat.
70  penile arteries
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
LZRs (1 time)
2009 Differential structural and functional changes in penile and coronary arteries from obese Zucker rats.
71  peptide aptamers
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HPV-16 (1 time)
2006 Peptide aptamer-mediated inhibition of target proteins by sequestration into aggresomes.
72  perfect absorbers
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
MIM (1 time)
2019 Ultra-Narrow Band Mid-Infrared Perfect Absorber Based on Hybrid Dielectric Metasurface.
73  periodic arrays
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
GMM (2 times)
2013 Scattering of electromagnetic waves by periodic particle arrays.
74  perivascular astrocytes
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BBB (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2020 Isolation and transcriptional characterization of mouse perivascular astrocytes.
75  permeability-surface area products
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
cBSA (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
BNB (1 time)
1991 Regional blood-brain barrier transport of cationized bovine serum albumin in awake rats.
76  pesticide applicators
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HRI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2018 Health and safety of pesticide applicators in a high income agricultural setting: a knowledge, attitude, practice, and toxicity study from North-Eastern Italy.
77  pharmaceutical agents
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
2018 New approaches to pharmacosurveillance for monitoring prescription frequency, diversity, and co-prescription in a large sentinel network of companion animal veterinary practices in the United Kingdom, 2014-2016.
78  phase angles
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
MF-BIA (1 time)
2010 Pressure-rate product and phase angle as measures of acute inspiratory upper airway obstruction in rhesus monkeys.
79  phased arrays
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
GA-MMC (1 time)
GAs (1 time)
PARs (1 time)
2014 Genetic algorithm with maximum-minimum crossover (GA-MMC) applied in optimization of radiation pattern control of phased-array radars for rocket tracking systems.
80  phosphoramidites
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FAB-MS (1 time)
LSIMS (1 time)
TEOA (1 time)
2013 [Mass spectrometric determination of polyfunctionalized nucleoside phosphoramidites using LSI/FAB].
81  photothermal agents
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PTT (2 times)
mito (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 Prussian blue nanoparticles: synthesis, surface modification, and biomedical applications.
82  Physician assistants/associates
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
--- 2019 Understanding patients' satisfaction with physician assistant/associate encounters through communication experiences: a qualitative study in acute hospitals in England.
83  polyacenes
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DPAs (2 times)
MICs (1 time)
2011 Size dependences of the diradical character and the second hyperpolarizabilities in dicyclopenta-fused acenes: relationships with their aromaticity/antiaromaticity.
84  polyamine amides
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2000 Effects of the crude venom of the social wasp Agelaia vicina on gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate uptake in synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex.
85  polyanions
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
JSP (1 time)
PABPs (1 time)
1997 Lymphocytes bursting induced by heparin, dextran sulfate and other polyanions.
86  polyclonal antisera
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EBs (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
MOMP (1 time)
1990 Antibody response to epitopes of chlamydial major outer membrane proteins on infectious elementary bodies and of the reduced polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis-separated form.
87  polygonal arrays
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
SAB (1 time)
SABs (1 time)
SFs (1 time)
1988 Actin filament patterns in mouse lens epithelium: a study of the effects of aging, injury, and genetics.
88  postural adjustments
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ANTI (1 time)
APA (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2008 Posture, dynamic stability, and voluntary movement.
89  PR antagonists
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
SPRMs (2 times)
PRMs (1 time)
2005 Progesterone receptor antagonists and the endometrial antiproliferative effect.
90  presentation attacks
(2 times)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AFRSs (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
2021 Fingerprint Presentation Attack Detector Using Global-Local Model.
91  principal accelerations
(2 times)
Bioengineering
(1 time)
PCA (2 times)
PCs (1 time)
2020 Analysis of Postural Control Using Principal Component Analysis: The Relevance of Postural Accelerations and of Their Frequency Dependency for Selecting the Number of Movement Components.
92  Prior authorizations
(2 times)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
UCDHS (1 time)
2016 Impact of Pharmacy Intervention on Prior Authorization Success and Efficiency at a University Medical Center.
93  program administrators
(2 times)
Education, Medical, Graduate
(1 time)
CBI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Residency and Fellowship Program Administrator Burnout: Measuring Its Magnitude.
94  protein aggregates
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2014 In vivo disassembly and reassembly of protein aggregates in Escherichia coli.
95  pulmonary arterial pressure
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EJ (1 time)
1991 [Hemodynamic assessment after heart transplantation].
96  pulmonary autografts
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
AV (1 time)
DAVAs (1 time)
2014 Long-term results of the Ross operation: an 18-year single institutional experience.
97  puncta adherentia junctions
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PSDs (1 time)
S-SCAM (1 time)
SJs (1 time)
2003 Nectin-dependent localization of ZO-1 at puncta adhaerentia junctions between the mossy fiber terminals and the dendrites of the pyramidal cells in the CA3 area of adult mouse hippocampus.
98  purine analogues
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MPT (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2015 Long-term Outcomes in Steroid-refractory Ulcerative Colitis Treated with Tacrolimus Alone or in Combination with Purine Analogues.
99  2-phenylpropionic acids
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 Stereoselective internal acyl migration of 1beta-O-acyl glucuronides of enantiomeric 2-phenylpropionic acids.
100  Ab-programming agents
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
chem-Ab (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Synthesis and evaluation of the aldolase antibody-derived chemical-antibodies targeting alpha5beta1 integrin.