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Abbreviation: PBS
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Long forms: 304

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
phosphate-buffered saline
(6425 times)
Pharmacology
(446 times)
LPS (172 times)
SEM (171 times)
IL (169 times)
1971 Rapid method for the isolation of Listeria monocytogenes from experimentally infected mice.
Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
(268 times)
Medicine
(41 times)
MBS (24 times)
DDD (15 times)
PBAC (14 times)
1991 Recent trends in the prescribing of cholesterol lowering drugs in Australia. A report from the Drug Utilization Subcommittee of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee.
primer binding site
(226 times)
Virology
(87 times)
HIV-1 (59 times)
RT (31 times)
LTR (21 times)
1985 Primer binding sites corresponding to several tRNA species are present in DNAs of different members of the same retrovirus-like gene family (VL30).
pencil beam scanning
(215 times)
Biophysics
(107 times)
CTV (18 times)
MC (18 times)
PT (15 times)
2010 A case study in proton pencil-beam scanning delivery.
poly(butylene succinate)
(188 times)
Polymers
(44 times)
PLA (49 times)
PCL (20 times)
DSC (18 times)
2001 Crystallization, melting, and enzymatic degradation of biodegradable poly(butylene succinate-co-14 mol % ethylene succinate) copolyester.
phycobilisome
(166 times)
Biochemistry
(57 times)
OCP (24 times)
PC (22 times)
PSII (20 times)
1979 Phycobilisomes from the blue-green algae Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Anabaena variabilis.
protective behavioral strategies
(137 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(90 times)
SHR (6 times)
PBSS (5 times)
DRT (4 times)
2005 Protective behavioral strategies when drinking alcohol and their relationship to negative alcohol-related consequences in college students.
polarization beam splitter
(100 times)
Ophthalmology
(86 times)
ER (13 times)
TE (12 times)
TM (12 times)
2004 Polarization-selective beam splitter based on a highly efficient simple binary diffraction grating.
prune belly syndrome
(100 times)
Pediatrics
(41 times)
GI (3 times)
MMIHS (3 times)
PPBS (3 times)
1979 Prune belly syndrome and fetal ascites.
10  Pediatric Balance Scale
(62 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(17 times)
CP (27 times)
TUG (13 times)
GMFM (11 times)
2006 Effects of orthoses on upright functional skills of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy.
11  phosphate buffer
(61 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
AFM (5 times)
AI (3 times)
BSA (3 times)
1991 Some factors influencing purification of potato virus A (PVA).
12  painful bladder syndrome
(51 times)
Urology
(21 times)
IC (22 times)
OAB (5 times)
VAS (5 times)
1990 A practical approach to the painful bladder syndrome.
13  positive behavior support
(51 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
ABA (5 times)
ABI (3 times)
ASD (3 times)
2000 Positive behavior support: Expanding the application of applied behavior analysis.
14  peripheral blood smear
(46 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
CBC (5 times)
QBC (4 times)
ARF (2 times)
1982 The concentration of progesterone, 20 alpha-dihydroprogesterone, testosterone, oestrone and oestradiol-17 beta in serum, amniotic fluid and placental tissue of pregnant rabbits.
15  push-out bond strength
(33 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
ANOVA (4 times)
NL (4 times)
DC (3 times)
2010 Push-out bond strength of CAD/CAM-ceramic luted to dentin with self-adhesive resin cements.
16  Pitt bacteremia score
(21 times)
Communicable Diseases
(9 times)
CCI (6 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
2009 Severity of illness scoring systems in patients with bacteraemic pneumococcal pneumonia: implications for the intensive care unit care.
17  peripheral benzodiazepine binding sites
(14 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CHAPS (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
CBR (1 time)
1987 Lack of effect of 28 days of neuroleptic treatment on platelet benzodiazepine binding sites in schizophrenics.
18  physiological buffered saline
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
SF (2 times)
2,5-HD (1 time)
aECM (1 time)
1988 Effects of heparin on vascularization of artificial skin grafts in rats.
19  papillary bleeding score
(13 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
PI (4 times)
BANA (2 times)
BOP (2 times)
1989 Efficacy of Perimed antibacterial system on established gingivitis. (I). Clinical results.
20  PBS group
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CDECM (2 times)
MSCs (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
2008 [Immunogenicity of DNA vaccine prime-BCG boost against Mycobacterium tuberculosis].
21  pulsating bubble surfactometer
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CS (3 times)
SP-C (2 times)
WSB (2 times)
1994 Comparison of captive and pulsating bubble surfactometers with use of lung surfactants.
22  peptide-binding sites
(10 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
MHC (5 times)
SP (2 times)
BoLA (1 time)
1995 Cloning and sequencing of expressed DRB genes of the red deer (Cervus elaphus) Mhc.
23  positive bias stress
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
TFTs (6 times)
NBS (4 times)
a-IGZO (2 times)
2013 Origin of bias-stress induced instability in organic thin-film transistors with semiconducting small-molecule/insulating polymer blend channel.
24  Primary breast sarcoma
(10 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
OS (4 times)
BCS (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
2004 [Primary breast sarcoma. A retrospective study of 42 patients treated at the Bergonie Institute during a 32-year period].
25  partitioned Bremer support
(9 times)
Biology
(6 times)
ML (2 times)
MP (2 times)
BI (1 time)
2002 Phylogeny of Drosophilinae (Diptera: Drosophilidae), with comments on combined analysis and character support.
26  planar bone scintigraphy
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
1985 Painful spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis studied by radiography and single-photon emission computed tomography.
27  Pediatric Behavior Scale
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
BRIEF (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
CATS (1 time)
1998 [Efficacy of a treatment program for sexually abused children].
28  Pseudo-Bartter syndrome
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CF (6 times)
CFTR (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2004 Hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis in cystic fibrosis patients.
29  phosphate saline buffer
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ABP (1 time)
BSE (1 time)
MT (1 time)
1999 Macromolecular Colloids of Diblock Poly(amino acids) That Bind Insulin.
30  primer binding sequence
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
2AP (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1994 Comparison of deoxyoligonucleotide and tRNA(Lys-3) as primers in an endogenous human immunodeficiency virus-1 in vitro reverse transcription/template-switching reaction.
31  Phantom breast syndrome
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DCIS (1 time)
PBP (1 time)
1979 Phantom breast syndrome.
32  post-bronchoscopy sputum
(6 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
BAL (3 times)
AFB (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1993 Diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in peripheral lung cancer.
33  n-octanol-phosphate buffered saline
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
CTs (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2001 Influences of alkyl group chain length and polar head group on chemical skin permeation enhancement.
34  Phantom bite syndrome
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
rCBF (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
2014 Psychiatric comorbidities and psychopharmacological outcomes of phantom bite syndrome.
35  potentially bio-accumulative substances
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
WEA (3 times)
LID (2 times)
COD (1 time)
2009 Results of a "Whole Effluent Assessment" study from different industrial sectors in Germany according to OSPAR's WEA strategy.
36  preoperative biliary stenting
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
ACS-NSQIP (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
2017 Effect of preoperative biliary stenting on post-operative infectious complications in pancreaticoduodenectomy.
37  prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LAVH (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
TLH (1 time)
2014 Prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy (PBS) to reduce ovarian cancer risk incorporated in standard premenopausal hysterectomy: complications and re-operation rate.
38  Pathological Buying Screener
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
BSD (2 times)
PB (2 times)
CBS (1 time)
2015 The Pathological Buying Screener: Development and Psychometric Properties of a New Screening Instrument for the Assessment of Pathological Buying Symptoms.
39  pencil beam scanning plans
(4 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
FSF (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
OAR (1 time)
2017 Using field size factors to characterize the in-air fluence of a proton machine with a range shifter.
40  periodontal bone support
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
ABL (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2006 The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontal bone support in experimental periodontitis in rats.
41  peripheral BZ binding sites
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BZ (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
1987 Regulation of central and peripheral benzodiazepine receptors in progesterone-treated rats.
42  Physician Belief Scale
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CFIR (1 time)
EBPAS (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
1999 The Physician Belief Scale and psychosocial problems in children: a report from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings and the Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network.
43  piezoelectric bone surgery
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
RCTs (3 times)
TSA (3 times)
CCTs (2 times)
2018 Implant stability using piezoelectric bone surgery compared with conventional drilling: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
44  planar bone scan
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
SC (1 time)
1988 The use of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in the diagnosis of low-back pain in young patients.
45  polling booth surveys
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ART (2 times)
FSWs (2 times)
FTFI (2 times)
2013 Assessment of HIV-related risky behaviour: a comparative study of face-to-face interviews and polling booth surveys in the general population of Cotonou, Benin.
46  population branch statistic
(4 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
aDNA (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2014 Population-specific common SNPs reflect demographic histories and highlight regions of genomic plasticity with functional relevance.
47  population-based screening
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
2015 Chlamydia trachomatis load in population-based screening and STI-clinics: implications for screening policy.
48  Port Baseline Survey
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HAOP (2 times)
NIS (2 times)
2018 Strategy of port baseline surveys (PBS) in the Adriatic Sea.
49  posterior beam-stop
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
PA (1 time)
SBS (1 time)
SFs (1 time)
1992 Posterior beam-stop method for scatter fraction measurement in digital radiography.
50  problem behavior syndrome
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
PBT (3 times)
SPBM (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2008 A test of Jessor's problem behavior theory in a Eurasian and a Western European developmental context.
51  parenchyma bundle sheath
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Suc (1 time)
SUTs (1 time)
1998 Carbohydrates in individual cells of epidermis, mesophyll, and bundle sheath in barley leaves with changed export or photosynthetic rate
52  Pathogenic Belief Scale
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
PBs (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2017 Pathogenic beliefs among patients with depressive disorders.
53  peak breeding season
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LBS (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2017 Effect of breeding method and season on pregnancy rate and embryonic and fetal losses in lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes.
54  Pennsylvania Blue Shield
(3 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
PTCA (1 time)
1984 Insurance effects on employer group dental expenditures.
55  peribacteroid space
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PBM (2 times)
1988 Bacteroid-encoded proteins are secreted into the peribacteroid space by Rhizobium leguminosarum.
56  phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
BZ4 (2 times)
TDS (2 times)
3-BC (1 time)
2002 Determination of water-soluble UV-filters in sunscreen sprays by liquid chromatography.
57  phosphate saline-buffered solution
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
i.c.v (1 time)
MIC and MFC (1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
1995 Effects of intracerebroventricular administration of aminophylline on hyperbaric-induced increase in carotid blood flow.
58  plastic biliary stent
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AR-PBS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
2007 Impact of reducing duodenobiliary reflux on biliary stent patency: an in vitro evaluation and a prospective randomized clinical trial that used a biliary stent with an antireflux valve.
59  polyborosiloxane
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
PDMS (2 times)
MWCNT (1 time)
SLEs (1 time)
2016 Synthesis of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polyborosiloxane Nanocomposites with Mechanically Adaptive and Self-Healing Capabilities for Flexible Conductors.
60  Poretti-Boltshauser syndrome
(3 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
BOM (1 time)
SVs (1 time)
2016 Clinical, neuroradiological and molecular characterization of cerebellar dysplasia with cysts (Poretti-Boltshauser syndrome).
61  Portable Batch System
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CGI (1 time)
DMR (1 time)
GIMSAN (1 time)
2007 CGKB: an annotation knowledge base for cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) methylation filtered genomic genespace sequences.
62  positive bias stability
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
IGZO (2 times)
TFTs (2 times)
IZO (1 time)
2014 Improved electrical performance and bias stability of solution-processed active bilayer structure of indium zinc oxide based TFT.
63  provider-based sampling
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
NCS (1 time)
2016 Consenting postpartum women for use of routinely collected biospecimens and/or future biospecimen collection.
64  proximal bare stent
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
RTAD (3 times)
TEVAR (3 times)
MAS (2 times)
2017 Incidence and risk factors for retrograde type A dissection and stent graft-induced new entry after thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
65  pyrrolone-fused benzosuberene
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
DYRK1A (1 time)
MM-PBSA (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
2019 Target identification, screening and in vivo evaluation of pyrrolone-fused benzosuberene compounds against human epilepsy using Zebrafish model of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures.
66  Vehicle-phosphate buffered saline
(3 times)
Kidney
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
CMV-Hb (1 time)
2003 An in vitro evaluation of the glycation potential of a natural disaccharide, trehalose.
67  2-Phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulphonic acid
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BZP (1 time)
P-P (1 time)
ZP (1 time)
1999 UVA/UVB sunscreen determination by second-order derivative ultraviolet spectrophotometry.
68  calcium-phosphate-buffered saline
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
p-FTS (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2001 S100B infusion into the rat hippocampus facilitates memory for the inhibitory avoidance task but not for the open-field habituation.
69  pale-bird syndrome
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
UGA (1 time)
1982 Impaired nutrient utilization associated with pale bird syndrome in broiler chicks.
70  pancreatico-biliary system
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
1984 Congenital dilatation of the common bile duct in children.--The etiologic significance of the narrow segment distal to the dilated common bile duct.
71  pathological body sensations
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
DE (2 times)
SD (1 time)
VD (1 time)
2006 [Depressive disorder with pathological body sensations].
72  paxillin-binding subdomains
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FAK (1 time)
1999 Paxillin LD4 motif binds PAK and PIX through a novel 95-kD ankyrin repeat, ARF-GAP protein: A role in cytoskeletal remodeling.
73  PBS control group
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
APAP (2 times)
CON (1 time)
GFP-LC3 (1 time)
2018 [Regulation of autophagy by GLT25D2 gene in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity injury].
74  PBS group cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
IPA (1 time)
MEV (1 time)
2012 Survivin selective inhibitor YM155 induce apoptosis in SK-NEP-1 Wilms tumor cells.
75  pentobarbital sodium
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CU (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1975 Effect of p-chlorophenylalanine on the central nervous excitability threshold and on the activity of some central depressants.
76  Perceived Benefits Scale
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DIF (1 time)
OC (1 time)
PTG (1 time)
2010 Rasch analysis of positive changes following adversity in cancer patients attending community support groups.
77  perceived body space
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
1986 Theoretical and measurement issues in the study of field phenomena.
78  peripheral-type binding sites for benzodiazepines
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1984 Regulation of "peripheral-type" binding sites for benzodiazepines in the pineal gland.
79  phantom breast sensations
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
1985 Phantom breast sensations following mastectomy.
80  phosphate-buffered
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
CCR5 (1 time)
2002 [Successful direct transfer of a deep frozen-thawed equine embryo].
81  phosphoric acid buffer solution
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BODIPY (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
2013 Core-shell structured luminescent and mesoporous beta-NaYF4:Ce3+/Tb3+@mSiO2-PEG nanospheres for anti-cancer drug delivery.
82  photodynamic bone stabilization system
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
CPF (1 time)
DHS (1 time)
2019 Augmentation of simultaneous acetabular and femoral neck fracture in osteogenesis imperfecta using photodynamic bone stabilization - A case report.
83  photonic band structure
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
PBGs (1 time)
2000 Tunable photonic crystals with semiconducting constituents
84  photosynthesis bacteria
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2003 [Water purification of breeding hirudo nipponica with photosynthesis bacteria (PBS)].
85  physiological buffer
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
GMS (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
1994 Fluorinated phosphatidylcholine-based liposomes: H+/Na+ permeability, active doxorubicin encapsulation and stability, in human serum.
86  Pittsburgh bacteremia score
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
COEC (1 time)
2016 The occurrence of infective endocarditis with Staphylococcus lugdunensis bacteremia: A retrospective cohort study and systematic review.
87  plaque behind the struts
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
IVUS-VH (2 times)
NC (2 times)
BVS (1 time)
2010 Temporal changes of coronary artery plaque located behind the struts of the everolimus eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold.
88  plaque burden score
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2013 Prevalence, extent and composition of coronary plaque in patients with rheumatoid arthritis without symptoms or prior diagnosis of coronary artery disease.
89  poly(butanediol succinate)
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
C/N (1 time)
PS (1 time)
SBF-MBR (1 time)
2016 Biological denitrification using poly(butanediol succinate) as electron donor.
90  polyamine binding sites
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
NMDA (2 times)
1999 Pharmacological characterization of [3H]-Ifenprodil binding to polyamine binding sites on rabbit and rat retinal homogenates: role in neuroprotection?
91  polymyxin B sulphate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DON (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
1977 Mitogenic response of mouse spleen cells and gelation of limulus lysate by lipopolysaccharide of Yersinia pestis and evidence for neutralization of lipopolysaccharide by polymyxin B.
92  postprandial blood sugar
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
TG (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2001 Cardiovascular risk factors in normotensive and hypertensive Egyptians.
93  potential binding site
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
2015 The Time Scale of Recombination Rate Evolution in Great Apes.
94  potential bleeding source
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
FOBT (1 time)
IDA (1 time)
OGD (1 time)
1993 Same-day upper and lower endoscopy in patients with occult bleeding, melena, hematochezia, and/or microcytic anemia. A retrospective study of 224 patients.
95  power button sign
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2014 The power button sign: a newly described central sulcal pattern on surface rendering MR images of type 2 focal cortical dysplasia.
96  predicted bone strength
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMD (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
LS (1 time)
2019 Bone strength of the proximal femur in healthy subjects with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.
97  Pressure Bed Sensor
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
RRAI (1 time)
2013 Sleep-wake detection based on respiratory signal acquired through a pressure bed sensor.
98  primary bilateral synchrony
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SBS (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CA-SD (1 time)
1992 Primary and secondary bilateral synchrony in epilepsy: differentiation by estimation of interhemispheric small time differences during short spike-wave activity.
99  primer binding site sequences
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
NC (2 times)
FCS (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2004 HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein binds to the viral DNA initiation sequences and chaperones their kissing interactions.
100  protected brushing specimens
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1993 Clinical significance of borderline quantitative protected brush specimen culture results.