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Abbreviation: PD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Parkinson's disease
(50848 times)
Neurology
(23519 times)
AD (2920 times)
DA (2506 times)
DBS (2019 times)
1976 A family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism.
peritoneal dialysis
(7678 times)
Nephrology
(4848 times)
HD (1885 times)
ESRD (727 times)
CI (440 times)
1975 Pituitary-gonadal function in chronic renal failure: the effect of luteinizing hormone--releasing hormone and the influence of dialysis.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
(2586 times)
General Surgery
(1304 times)
POPF (314 times)
DGE (154 times)
PJ (146 times)
1983 [Pancreatic function after pancreatoduodenectomy--correlation between the volume ratio of parenchyma and the number of Langerhans' islets].
pharmacodynamic
(2573 times)
Pharmacology
(873 times)
PK (2069 times)
AUC (110 times)
AEs (80 times)
1984 Simultaneous modeling of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with a nonparametric pharmacodynamic model.
probing depth
(2367 times)
Dentistry
(1844 times)
CAL (1100 times)
BOP (745 times)
PI (586 times)
1983 Effect of inflammation on periodontal attachment levels in miniature swine with mucogingival defects.
progressive disease
(2320 times)
Neoplasms
(1396 times)
PR (1327 times)
SD (1165 times)
CR (902 times)
1978 [Clinical and therapeutic study (phase II) using VP-16/213 and methyl-CCNU in patients with inoperable, recurring or metastasizing carcinomas of the gastriointestinal tract].
panic disorder
(1548 times)
Psychiatry
(884 times)
GAD (218 times)
OCD (104 times)
MDD (103 times)
1982 Panic and generalized anxiety disorders. Developmental antecedents and precipitants.
potential difference
(1023 times)
Physiology
(346 times)
SCC (83 times)
CF (64 times)
CFTR (30 times)
1961 Electrical potential difference measurements in perfused single proximal tubules of Necturus kidney.
personality disorder
(850 times)
Psychiatry
(491 times)
BPD (50 times)
MDD (37 times)
SCID-II (23 times)
1984 The implications of DSM-III personality disorders for patients with major depression.
10  postnatal day
(830 times)
Neurology
(284 times)
GD (55 times)
DA (26 times)
FASD (24 times)
1976 An autoradiographic study of gliogenesis in the rat lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN).
11  prism diopters
(670 times)
Ophthalmology
(549 times)
MR (35 times)
LR (31 times)
IO (23 times)
1984 Sensory outcome with nonsurgical management of esotropia with convergence excess (a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio).
12  Peyronie's disease
(647 times)
Urology
(389 times)
ED (105 times)
CCH (80 times)
TA (37 times)
1991 [Echography versus nuclear magnetic resonance in the preoperative dynamic evaluation of plastic penile induration].
13  periodontal disease
(622 times)
Dentistry
(153 times)
RA (65 times)
CI (38 times)
CVD (29 times)
1985 A clinical study of periodontal disease in sheep.
14  power Doppler
(496 times)
Rheumatology
(253 times)
US (235 times)
RA (186 times)
GS (120 times)
1994 Power Doppler US: a potentially useful alternative to mean frequency-based color Doppler US.
15  pocket depth
(452 times)
Dentistry
(271 times)
CAL (199 times)
BOP (149 times)
PI (112 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
16  proton density
(385 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(135 times)
MRI (112 times)
MR (53 times)
MS (31 times)
1983 Serial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in patients with cerebral infarction.
17  plasmodesmata
(282 times)
Botany
(90 times)
ER (32 times)
MP (32 times)
MPs (26 times)
2000 The movement protein-triggered in situ conversion of potato virus X virion RNA from a nontranslatable into a translatable form.
18  psychological distress
(272 times)
Psychiatry
(61 times)
MD (8 times)
QoL (8 times)
BMI (7 times)
1991 Stability and change in psychological distress and their relationship with self-esteem and locus of control: a dynamic equilibrium model.
19  programmed death
(217 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(55 times)
PD-L1 (21 times)
IL (20 times)
IFN (18 times)
2003 T cell costimulatory pathways: blockade for autoimmunity.
20  primary dysmenorrhea
(212 times)
Complementary Therapies
(63 times)
VAS (33 times)
RCTs (18 times)
PGF2 alpha (15 times)
1990 Prostaglandins: PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 serum levels in dysmenorrheic adolescents before, during and after treatment with oral contraceptives.
21  pancreatic duct
(207 times)
Gastroenterology
(112 times)
ERCP (50 times)
CBD (36 times)
EUS (29 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
22  Pompe disease
(206 times)
Metabolism
(19 times)
GAA (37 times)
ERT (36 times)
LOPD (14 times)
1984 Extramammary Paget's disease. Arising in knee region in association with sweat gland carcinoma.
23  periodontitis
(183 times)
Dentistry
(57 times)
RA (44 times)
CI (10 times)
CRP (9 times)
1982 Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to antigens of Rothia dentocariosa.
24  photodetector
(174 times)
Ophthalmology
(76 times)
UV (22 times)
NIR (13 times)
EQE (7 times)
1999 Photodetection of early human bladder cancer based on the fluorescence of 5-aminolaevulinic acid hexylester-induced protoporphyrin IX: a pilot study.
25  pupil diameter
(174 times)
Ophthalmology
(96 times)
IOP (48 times)
ACD (47 times)
CCT (23 times)
1981 Steric structure activity relationships of various adrenergic agonists: ocular and systemic effects.
26  phylogenetic diversity
(157 times)
Biology
(41 times)
FD (20 times)
SR (9 times)
OTUs (8 times)
2003 Global patterns in peatmoss biodiversity.
27  population doublings
(154 times)
Cell Biology
(36 times)
MSCs (12 times)
hTERT (7 times)
BM (5 times)
1979 Maturation of rabbit auricular chondrocytes grown in vitro in monolayer culture.
28  programmed cell death
(144 times)
Neoplasms
(47 times)
PD-L1 (22 times)
NSCLC (18 times)
OS (14 times)
2006 The road to recovery: translating PD-1 biology into clinical benefit.
29  power of discrimination
(139 times)
Jurisprudence
(75 times)
PE (59 times)
PIC (53 times)
STR (30 times)
1993 Visual and spatial trials paired in a new behavioral procedure: effects of benactyzine.
30  perfusion density
(131 times)
Ophthalmology
(71 times)
OCTA (91 times)
VD (66 times)
FAZ (46 times)
2017 Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images.
31  program director
(131 times)
General Surgery
(31 times)
ACGME (14 times)
EM (13 times)
GS (6 times)
2001 Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: A Canadian survey.
32  Polydatin
(129 times)
Cell Biology
(23 times)
ROS (19 times)
MDA (10 times)
TNF-alpha (10 times)
2002 Protective effects of polydatin against CCl(4)-induced injury to primarily cultured rat hepatocytes.
33  patient-days
(128 times)
Communicable Diseases
(41 times)
DOT (30 times)
DDD (20 times)
MRSA (14 times)
1985 Infant outcome, fetal growth, and pregnancy care: relationships in Indonesian university obstetrics.
34  pneumatic dilation
(123 times)
Gastroenterology
(76 times)
POEM (33 times)
LHM (26 times)
HM (17 times)
1986 Achalasia of the esophagus. Treatment controversies and the method of choice.
35  proximodistal
(121 times)
Embryology
(55 times)
AP (37 times)
DV (15 times)
Wg (14 times)
1984 Retinoic-acid-induced pattern completion in regenerating double anterior limbs of urodeles.
36  disease progression
(120 times)
Neoplasms
(88 times)
OS (34 times)
PFS (34 times)
SD (34 times)
1988 Hypouricemia and urate excretion in small cell lung carcinoma patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis.
37  Pierce's disease
(119 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (24 times)
Xf (13 times)
CVC (8 times)
1982 Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds.
38  pancreas disease
(114 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(53 times)
SAV (49 times)
HSMI (10 times)
SAV3 (10 times)
1988 Prevalence of microangiopathic complications in hyperglycemia secondary to pancreatic disease.
39  pars distalis
(106 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
PT (44 times)
PI (32 times)
ACTH (9 times)
1976 In vitro release of ACTH from dispersed rat pars intermedia cells. II. Effect of neurotransmitter substances.
40  poorly differentiated
(104 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
WD (43 times)
MD (39 times)
HCC (7 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
41  partial discharge
(93 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(60 times)
UHF (20 times)
GIS (17 times)
HV (11 times)
2006 Phased-ultrasonic receiving-planar array transducer for partial discharge location in transformer.
42  Prisoner's Dilemma
(93 times)
Biology
(28 times)
SD (3 times)
TFT (3 times)
BD (2 times)
1990 An ESS-analysis for ensembles of prisoner's dilemma strategies.
43  Platycodin D
(83 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
PG (7 times)
PE (6 times)
MDA (4 times)
2004 Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
44  pyloric dilator
(82 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
LP (44 times)
AB (29 times)
STG (26 times)
1980 Pharmacological dissection of pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion using picrotoxin.
45  polydopamine
(81 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(21 times)
hMSCs (5 times)
SEM (5 times)
NPs (4 times)
2009 The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds.
46  photodiode
(77 times)
Ophthalmology
(31 times)
LED (14 times)
NIR (6 times)
LEDs (5 times)
2001 Determination of low-level mercury based on a renewable-drops sensing technique.
47  professional development
(77 times)
Education
(17 times)
GTAs (3 times)
STEM (3 times)
TAs (3 times)
2001 The continuing professional development of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists and the Canadian Academy of Clinical Biochemists.
48  proportional-derivative
(76 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(34 times)
FES (10 times)
PID (8 times)
DOF (4 times)
1995 A 'tachometer' feedback model of smooth pursuit eye movements.
49  pancreas divisum
(75 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
ERCP (28 times)
CP (11 times)
MRCP (11 times)
1989 Computed tomography findings in pancreas divisum.
50  prediabetes
(74 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
T2D (19 times)
NGT (13 times)
BMI (7 times)
2009 Community-based population data indicates the significant alterations of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and urine ACR in IFG combined IGT group among prediabetic population.
51  percutaneous drainage
(65 times)
General Surgery
(30 times)
CT (7 times)
CI (6 times)
ED (5 times)
1986 Operative vs percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses. Comparison of morbidity and mortality.
52  power density
(65 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ED (15 times)
SAR (6 times)
AC (4 times)
1979 [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
53  prednisolone
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
TNBS (5 times)
CS (4 times)
GP (4 times)
1979 Synergism between subthreshold doses of phenylbutazone and prednisolone in rat hind-paw carrageenan edema.
54  percent density
(60 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
BMI (9 times)
DA (8 times)
BV (7 times)
2000 An investigation of the effects of mammographic acquisition parameters on a semiautomated quantitative measure of breast cancer risk.
55  pulmonary disease
(59 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
NTM (23 times)
MAC (20 times)
CVD (3 times)
2004 Reduced readmission rate for alternating diagnoses of heart failure and pulmonary disease after implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide testing.
56  postpartum depression
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
EPDS (17 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
1995 [Impact of placental hormone withdrawal on postpartum depression].
57  purine derivatives
(57 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
DM (13 times)
CP (6 times)
NDF (6 times)
1992 The effect of feed intake and body weight on purine derivative excretion and microbial protein supply in sheep.
58  perfusion defect
(56 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
CAD (8 times)
PE (5 times)
SPECT (5 times)
1990 [Is emergency angioplasty following successful thrombolysis more effective than thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction?].
59  prenatal diagnosis
(56 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
CF (8 times)
CVS (4 times)
HD (3 times)
1988 HLA-A,B,C,DR typing and 17-OHP determination for second trimester prenatal diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH.
60  participatory design
(55 times)
Medical Informatics
(21 times)
HIT (4 times)
UCD (3 times)
ED (2 times)
2003 Design and introduction of an electronic patient record: how to involve users?
61  pyridostigmine
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
GH (30 times)
GHRH (26 times)
AUC (6 times)
1987 Enhancement of cholinergic tone by pyridostigmine promotes both basal and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone-induced GH secretion in children of short stature.
62  purging disorder
(52 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(25 times)
BN (38 times)
BED (21 times)
AN (15 times)
2005 Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
63  persistent diarrhea
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
AD (8 times)
ICDDR,B (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 Recurrent and persistent diarrhoea in a rural Zimbabwean community: a prospective study.
64  preterm delivery
(46 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
SGA (13 times)
LBW (8 times)
OR (6 times)
1982 Spontaneous preterm delivery in pregnant diabetics: a high risk hitherto "unrecognized".
65  packing density
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CFD (3 times)
AO (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1997 Soil forming and plant density effects on carrot yield and internal quality.
66  parkinsonism-dementia
(43 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
ALS (36 times)
Al (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
1975 RNA-instructed DNA polymerase activity in a cytoplasmic particulate fraction in brains from Guamanian patients.
67  prescription dose
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CI (7 times)
HI (5 times)
PTV (4 times)
2000 The combined use of the natural and the cumulative dose-volume histograms in planning and evaluation of permanent prostatic seed implants.
68  pattern deviation
(41 times)
Ophthalmology
(32 times)
TD (19 times)
MD (13 times)
PSD (11 times)
1995 Diffuse and localised visual field defects to automated perimetry in primary open angle glaucoma.
69  phosphodiester
(41 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
Pi (5 times)
TLR9 (5 times)
1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats.
70  positive deviance
(41 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
HAIs (4 times)
SC (3 times)
HPs (2 times)
2002 Sustained positive deviant child care practices and their effects on child growth in Viet Nam.
71  prescribed dose
(41 times)
Radiotherapy
(24 times)
CT (7 times)
PTV (6 times)
APBI (5 times)
1999 Treatment plan evaluation using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and spatial dose-volume histogram (zDVH).
72  paired domain
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
HD (28 times)
OP (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Pax-3-DNA interaction: flexibility in the DNA binding and induction of DNA conformational changes by paired domains.
73  partial denitrification
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
NTR (11 times)
PD/A (5 times)
TN (5 times)
2011 Partial and complete denitrification in Thermus thermophilus: lessons from genome drafts.
74  population density
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
GDP (5 times)
LN (3 times)
MGWR (3 times)
1991 Lung cancer's persistent association with population density in Los Angeles County communities.
75  pulsed Doppler
(39 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
TDI (6 times)
1985 Noninvasive Doppler determination of cardiac output during submaximal and peak exercise.
76  pupillary diameter
(39 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
IOP (11 times)
ACD (7 times)
CCT (6 times)
1979 Chronic degeneration of aminergic nerve endings and blood-aqueous barrier.
77  postoperative delirium
(37 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
OR (14 times)
CI (5 times)
SAVR (4 times)
2008 The incidence and risk factors associated with postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies.
78  programmed cell death protein
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
PD-L1 (6 times)
IL (5 times)
CTLA (4 times)
2015 Differential potency of regulatory T cell-mediated immunosuppression in kidney tumors compared to subcutaneous tumors.
79  protein deposition
(36 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ISS (8 times)
SID (8 times)
BW (7 times)
1998 The effect of body weight on the upper limit to protein deposition in a defined population of growing gilts.
80  physical disabilities
(35 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
ID (4 times)
QoL (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
2004 Evaluating a Medicaid home and community-based physical disability waiver.
81  Prolidase deficiency
(35 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
dal (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
Pro (2 times)
1994 Prolidase deficiency: biochemical study of erythrocyte and skin fibroblast prolidase activity in Italian patients.
82  pneumococcal disease
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
IPD (6 times)
PCV (6 times)
PCVs (6 times)
2004 Pneumococcal infections in HIV infected adults--clinical features, reasons behind the association and future hopes for prevention.
83  prevalence difference
(34 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CI (12 times)
PR (7 times)
ADHD (2 times)
2004 Physical, mental and social factors associated with frequent attendance in Danish general practice. A population-based cross-sectional study.
84  peritoneal drainage
(33 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
NEC (14 times)
LAP (12 times)
ELBW (6 times)
1999 The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis.
85  phosphate depletion
(33 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PW (8 times)
Ca (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1977 Renal cell metabolism in phosphate depletion: adenine nucleotide metabolism and gluconeogenesis.
86  posterior deltoid
(33 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
EMG (14 times)
AD (12 times)
BB (12 times)
1990 Arm muscle activation for static forces in three-dimensional space.
87  psychotic depression
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
NPD (8 times)
PDAS (6 times)
non-PD (5 times)
1997 Distinguishing psychotic depression from melancholia.
88  pulse duration
(33 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PRF (12 times)
ECAP (4 times)
IPG (3 times)
1995 Volitional control of anticipatory ocular pursuit responses under stabilised image conditions in humans.
89  peritoneal dissemination
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
GC (13 times)
CEA (4 times)
EMT (4 times)
1989 [Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin and mitomycin C for peritoneal dissemination in gastric cancer].
90  percentage difference
(31 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
CV (3 times)
ICC (3 times)
RF (3 times)
1985 Monitoring drug noncompliance in epileptic patients: assessing phenobarbital plasma levels.
91  phase difference
(31 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
dCA (10 times)
MCA (5 times)
CD (3 times)
1980 Non-invasive lung function tests in rats with progressive papain-induced emphysema.
92  Pilonidal disease
(30 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
EPSiT (3 times)
MIT (3 times)
QoL (3 times)
1996 Treatment of chronic pilonidal disease.
93  peripheral dose
(29 times)
Radiotherapy
(11 times)
IMRT (6 times)
MLC (5 times)
AAPM TG-36 (2 times)
1983 Peripheral dose from megavolt beams.
94  1,2-propanediol
(28 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
EG (5 times)
BD (2 times)
CPA (2 times)
1976 Effects of 1,3-butanediol and 1,2-propanediol on growth, blood metabolites, and liver glycogen broiler chickens.
95  protein-deficient
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PS (7 times)
ALP (2 times)
Malt1 (2 times)
1983 Impairment of macrophage migration inhibitory factor synthesis and macrophage migration in protein-malnourished mice.
96  peak distance
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
DA (17 times)
IOP (16 times)
CCT (13 times)
2015 Corneal biomechanical characteristics measured by the CorVis Scheimpflug technology in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma and normal eyes.
97  pore domain
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
VSD (16 times)
VGIC (4 times)
VSDs (4 times)
2008 Structural dynamics of an isolated voltage-sensor domain in a lipid bilayer.
98  predilatation
(26 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
DS (8 times)
TAVI (4 times)
TAVR (4 times)
2003 Direct stenting may limit myocardial injury during percutaneous coronary intervention.
99  PD group
(25 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
HD (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1996 Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to upper- and lower-extremity exercise in men with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
100  photodarkening
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
PB (6 times)
NIR (3 times)
LD (2 times)
2008 Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers.