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Abbreviation: PD
Appearance Frequency: 78604 time(s)
Long forms: 1921

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Parkinson's disease
(45655 times)
Neurology
(22068 times)
AD (2521 times)
DA (2347 times)
DBS (1820 times)
1976 A family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism.
peritoneal dialysis
(7093 times)
Nephrology
(4628 times)
HD (1742 times)
ESRD (672 times)
CAPD (406 times)
1975 Pituitary-gonadal function in chronic renal failure: the effect of luteinizing hormone--releasing hormone and the influence of dialysis.
pharmacodynamic
(2329 times)
Pharmacology
(799 times)
PK (1868 times)
AUC (99 times)
AEs (69 times)
1984 Simultaneous modeling of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with a nonparametric pharmacodynamic model.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
(2303 times)
General Surgery
(1193 times)
POPF (271 times)
DGE (139 times)
PJ (136 times)
1983 [Pancreatic function after pancreatoduodenectomy--correlation between the volume ratio of parenchyma and the number of Langerhans' islets].
probing depth
(2164 times)
Dentistry
(1728 times)
CAL (1023 times)
BOP (674 times)
PI (521 times)
1983 Effect of inflammation on periodontal attachment levels in miniature swine with mucogingival defects.
progressive disease
(2043 times)
Neoplasms
(1259 times)
PR (1202 times)
SD (1038 times)
CR (812 times)
1978 [Clinical and therapeutic study (phase II) using VP-16/213 and methyl-CCNU in patients with inoperable, recurring or metastasizing carcinomas of the gastriointestinal tract].
panic disorder
(1489 times)
Psychiatry
(854 times)
GAD (208 times)
OCD (100 times)
MDD (98 times)
1982 Panic and generalized anxiety disorders. Developmental antecedents and precipitants.
potential difference
(1019 times)
Physiology
(346 times)
SCC (83 times)
CF (64 times)
CFTR (29 times)
1961 Electrical potential difference measurements in perfused single proximal tubules of Necturus kidney.
personality disorder
(802 times)
Psychiatry
(480 times)
BPD (48 times)
MDD (35 times)
SCID-II (23 times)
1984 The implications of DSM-III personality disorders for patients with major depression.
10  postnatal day
(793 times)
Neurology
(278 times)
GD (52 times)
DA (26 times)
ED (22 times)
1976 An autoradiographic study of gliogenesis in the rat lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN).
11  prism diopters
(611 times)
Ophthalmology
(509 times)
MR (28 times)
LR (25 times)
IO (21 times)
1984 Sensory outcome with nonsurgical management of esotropia with convergence excess (a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio).
12  Peyronie's disease
(596 times)
Urology
(368 times)
ED (91 times)
CCH (71 times)
TA (35 times)
1991 [Echography versus nuclear magnetic resonance in the preoperative dynamic evaluation of plastic penile induration].
13  periodontal disease
(548 times)
Dentistry
(141 times)
RA (59 times)
CI (33 times)
CVD (24 times)
1985 A clinical study of periodontal disease in sheep.
14  power Doppler
(452 times)
Rheumatology
(238 times)
US (214 times)
RA (170 times)
GS (104 times)
1994 Power Doppler US: a potentially useful alternative to mean frequency-based color Doppler US.
15  pocket depth
(404 times)
Dentistry
(250 times)
CAL (178 times)
BOP (130 times)
PI (101 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
16  proton density
(347 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(123 times)
MRI (95 times)
MR (51 times)
MS (30 times)
1983 Serial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in patients with cerebral infarction.
17  plasmodesmata
(247 times)
Botany
(83 times)
MP (31 times)
ER (26 times)
MPs (25 times)
2000 The movement protein-triggered in situ conversion of potato virus X virion RNA from a nontranslatable into a translatable form.
18  psychological distress
(228 times)
Psychiatry
(54 times)
QoL (8 times)
BMI (6 times)
MD (6 times)
1991 Stability and change in psychological distress and their relationship with self-esteem and locus of control: a dynamic equilibrium model.
19  programmed death
(199 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(53 times)
IL (20 times)
PD-L1 (19 times)
IFN (17 times)
2003 T cell costimulatory pathways: blockade for autoimmunity.
20  pancreatic duct
(189 times)
Gastroenterology
(105 times)
ERCP (44 times)
CBD (36 times)
EUS (27 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
21  Paget's disease
(184 times)
Metabolism
(16 times)
GAA (29 times)
ERT (27 times)
MVNP (12 times)
1984 Extramammary Paget's disease. Arising in knee region in association with sweat gland carcinoma.
22  primary dysmenorrhea
(170 times)
Complementary Therapies
(58 times)
VAS (28 times)
RCTs (15 times)
PGF2 alpha (13 times)
1990 Prostaglandins: PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 serum levels in dysmenorrheic adolescents before, during and after treatment with oral contraceptives.
23  pupil diameter
(156 times)
Ophthalmology
(90 times)
IOP (44 times)
ACD (43 times)
CCT (22 times)
1981 Steric structure activity relationships of various adrenergic agonists: ocular and systemic effects.
24  population doublings
(153 times)
Cell Biology
(35 times)
MSCs (12 times)
hTERT (7 times)
BM (5 times)
1979 Maturation of rabbit auricular chondrocytes grown in vitro in monolayer culture.
25  periodontitis
(146 times)
Dentistry
(46 times)
RA (38 times)
CRP (8 times)
TNF-alpha (8 times)
1982 Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to antigens of Rothia dentocariosa.
26  phylogenetic diversity
(136 times)
Biology
(38 times)
FD (17 times)
SR (8 times)
MPD (6 times)
2003 Global patterns in peatmoss biodiversity.
27  power of discrimination
(132 times)
Jurisprudence
(74 times)
PE (56 times)
PIC (49 times)
STR (28 times)
1993 Visual and spatial trials paired in a new behavioral procedure: effects of benactyzine.
28  photodetector
(130 times)
Ophthalmology
(61 times)
UV (13 times)
NIR (8 times)
RF (7 times)
1999 Photodetection of early human bladder cancer based on the fluorescence of 5-aminolaevulinic acid hexylester-induced protoporphyrin IX: a pilot study.
29  patient-days
(118 times)
Communicable Diseases
(39 times)
DOT (24 times)
DDD (19 times)
MRSA (11 times)
1985 Infant outcome, fetal growth, and pregnancy care: relationships in Indonesian university obstetrics.
30  Pierce's disease
(117 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (24 times)
Xf (12 times)
CVC (8 times)
1982 Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds.
31  programmed cell death
(117 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
PD-L1 (20 times)
NSCLC (14 times)
CTLA (11 times)
2006 The road to recovery: translating PD-1 biology into clinical benefit.
32  program director
(113 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
ACGME (13 times)
EM (10 times)
GS (6 times)
2001 Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: A Canadian survey.
33  pneumatic dilation
(112 times)
Gastroenterology
(71 times)
POEM (25 times)
LHM (22 times)
HM (15 times)
1986 Achalasia of the esophagus. Treatment controversies and the method of choice.
34  pancreas disease
(108 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(53 times)
SAV (45 times)
HSMI (10 times)
SAV3 (10 times)
1988 Prevalence of microangiopathic complications in hyperglycemia secondary to pancreatic disease.
35  Polydatin
(108 times)
Cell Biology
(20 times)
ROS (15 times)
LPS (9 times)
MDA (7 times)
2002 Protective effects of polydatin against CCl(4)-induced injury to primarily cultured rat hepatocytes.
36  disease progression
(106 times)
Neoplasms
(79 times)
OS (31 times)
SD (31 times)
PFS (29 times)
1988 Hypouricemia and urate excretion in small cell lung carcinoma patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis.
37  pars distalis
(105 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
PT (44 times)
PI (31 times)
ACTH (9 times)
1976 In vitro release of ACTH from dispersed rat pars intermedia cells. II. Effect of neurotransmitter substances.
38  proximodistal
(101 times)
Biology
(49 times)
AP (36 times)
DV (14 times)
Wg (13 times)
1984 Retinoic-acid-induced pattern completion in regenerating double anterior limbs of urodeles.
39  poorly differentiated
(94 times)
Neoplasms
(33 times)
WD (41 times)
MD (37 times)
HCC (7 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
40  perfusion density
(89 times)
Ophthalmology
(50 times)
OCTA (61 times)
VD (47 times)
FAZ (27 times)
2017 Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images.
41  Prisoner's Dilemma
(87 times)
Biology
(28 times)
SD (3 times)
TFT (3 times)
BD (2 times)
1990 An ESS-analysis for ensembles of prisoner's dilemma strategies.
42  pyloric dilator
(80 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
LP (44 times)
AB (29 times)
STG (25 times)
1980 Pharmacological dissection of pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion using picrotoxin.
43  partial discharge
(79 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(53 times)
UHF (18 times)
GIS (12 times)
HV (11 times)
2006 Phased-ultrasonic receiving-planar array transducer for partial discharge location in transformer.
44  polydopamine
(75 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(20 times)
hMSCs (5 times)
SEM (5 times)
NPs (4 times)
2009 The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds.
45  Platycodin D
(74 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
PG (7 times)
PE (5 times)
NO (4 times)
2004 Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
46  proportional-derivative
(68 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(32 times)
PID (9 times)
FES (8 times)
DOF (5 times)
1995 A 'tachometer' feedback model of smooth pursuit eye movements.
47  photodiode
(67 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
LED (9 times)
BER (4 times)
LEDs (4 times)
2001 Determination of low-level mercury based on a renewable-drops sensing technique.
48  pancreas divisum
(66 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
ERCP (23 times)
CP (10 times)
MRCP (10 times)
1989 Computed tomography findings in pancreas divisum.
49  prediabetes
(64 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
T2D (16 times)
NGT (12 times)
AUC (5 times)
2009 Community-based population data indicates the significant alterations of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and urine ACR in IFG combined IGT group among prediabetic population.
50  percutaneous drainage
(59 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
CT (7 times)
ED (5 times)
PLA (5 times)
1986 Operative vs percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses. Comparison of morbidity and mortality.
51  percent density
(57 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
BMI (9 times)
BV (7 times)
DA (7 times)
2000 An investigation of the effects of mammographic acquisition parameters on a semiautomated quantitative measure of breast cancer risk.
52  prednisolone
(57 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
TNBS (5 times)
CS (4 times)
GP (4 times)
1979 Synergism between subthreshold doses of phenylbutazone and prednisolone in rat hind-paw carrageenan edema.
53  prenatal diagnosis
(55 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
CF (8 times)
CVS (4 times)
HD (3 times)
1988 HLA-A,B,C,DR typing and 17-OHP determination for second trimester prenatal diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH.
54  purine derivatives
(54 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(33 times)
DM (13 times)
NDF (6 times)
CP (5 times)
1992 The effect of feed intake and body weight on purine derivative excretion and microbial protein supply in sheep.
55  pyridostigmine
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
GH (30 times)
GHRH (26 times)
AUC (6 times)
1987 Enhancement of cholinergic tone by pyridostigmine promotes both basal and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone-induced GH secretion in children of short stature.
56  power density
(53 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ED (10 times)
SAR (6 times)
MFC (4 times)
1979 [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
57  perfusion defect
(52 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
CAD (8 times)
PE (5 times)
SPECT (5 times)
1990 [Is emergency angioplasty following successful thrombolysis more effective than thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction?].
58  professional development
(51 times)
Education
(13 times)
GTAs (3 times)
DBDM (2 times)
ECE (2 times)
2001 The continuing professional development of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists and the Canadian Academy of Clinical Biochemists.
59  purging disorder
(50 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(25 times)
BN (36 times)
BED (19 times)
AN (14 times)
2005 Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
60  participatory design
(47 times)
Medical Informatics
(21 times)
HIT (4 times)
UCD (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2003 Design and introduction of an electronic patient record: how to involve users?
61  persistent diarrhea
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
AD (8 times)
ICDDR,B (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 Recurrent and persistent diarrhoea in a rural Zimbabwean community: a prospective study.
62  postpartum depression
(47 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
EPDS (13 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
1995 [Impact of placental hormone withdrawal on postpartum depression].
63  packing density
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CFD (3 times)
AO (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1993 Concentration evaluation of chromatin in unstained resin-embedded sections by means of low-dose ratio-contrast imaging in STEM.
64  parkinsonism-dementia
(42 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ALS (36 times)
Al (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
1975 RNA-instructed DNA polymerase activity in a cytoplasmic particulate fraction in brains from Guamanian patients.
65  pulmonary disease
(42 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
NTM (17 times)
MAC (13 times)
RA (3 times)
2004 Reduced readmission rate for alternating diagnoses of heart failure and pulmonary disease after implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide testing.
66  phosphodiester
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
Pi (5 times)
TLR9 (5 times)
1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats.
67  prescribed dose
(41 times)
Radiotherapy
(24 times)
CT (7 times)
PTV (6 times)
APBI (5 times)
1999 Treatment plan evaluation using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and spatial dose-volume histogram (zDVH).
68  paired domain
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
HD (28 times)
OP (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Pax-3-DNA interaction: flexibility in the DNA binding and induction of DNA conformational changes by paired domains.
69  prescription dose
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CI (6 times)
HI (5 times)
PTV (4 times)
2000 The combined use of the natural and the cumulative dose-volume histograms in planning and evaluation of permanent prostatic seed implants.
70  pattern deviation
(39 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
TD (19 times)
MD (13 times)
PSD (11 times)
1995 Diffuse and localised visual field defects to automated perimetry in primary open angle glaucoma.
71  preterm delivery
(39 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
SGA (11 times)
LBW (7 times)
PE (5 times)
1982 Spontaneous preterm delivery in pregnant diabetics: a high risk hitherto "unrecognized".
72  pulsed Doppler
(39 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
TDI (6 times)
1985 Noninvasive Doppler determination of cardiac output during submaximal and peak exercise.
73  positive deviance
(36 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
HAIs (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ND (2 times)
2002 Sustained positive deviant child care practices and their effects on child growth in Viet Nam.
74  pupillary diameter
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
IOP (11 times)
ACD (6 times)
CCT (5 times)
1979 Chronic degeneration of aminergic nerve endings and blood-aqueous barrier.
75  protein deposition
(34 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ISS (8 times)
SID (8 times)
BW (6 times)
1998 The effect of body weight on the upper limit to protein deposition in a defined population of growing gilts.
76  phosphate depletion
(33 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PW (8 times)
Ca (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1977 Renal cell metabolism in phosphate depletion: adenine nucleotide metabolism and gluconeogenesis.
77  postoperative delirium
(33 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
OR (8 times)
SAVR (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
2008 The incidence and risk factors associated with postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies.
78  peritoneal drainage
(32 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
NEC (14 times)
LAP (12 times)
ELBW (6 times)
1999 The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis.
79  physical disabilities
(32 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
ID (4 times)
QoL (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
2004 Evaluating a Medicaid home and community-based physical disability waiver.
80  programmed cell death protein
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PD-L1 (5 times)
CTLA (4 times)
IL (4 times)
2015 Differential potency of regulatory T cell-mediated immunosuppression in kidney tumors compared to subcutaneous tumors.
81  Prolidase deficiency
(32 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
dal (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
Pro (2 times)
1994 Prolidase deficiency: biochemical study of erythrocyte and skin fibroblast prolidase activity in Italian patients.
82  partial denitrification
(30 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(13 times)
NTR (9 times)
TN (4 times)
EPS (3 times)
2011 Partial and complete denitrification in Thermus thermophilus: lessons from genome drafts.
83  population density
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
LN (3 times)
SR (3 times)
AI (2 times)
1991 Lung cancer's persistent association with population density in Los Angeles County communities.
84  psychotic depression
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
NPD (6 times)
PDAS (6 times)
non-PD (5 times)
1997 Distinguishing psychotic depression from melancholia.
85  peripheral dose
(28 times)
Radiotherapy
(11 times)
IMRT (6 times)
MLC (5 times)
AAPM TG-36 (2 times)
1983 Peripheral dose from megavolt beams.
86  peritoneal dissemination
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
GC (11 times)
EMT (4 times)
CEA (3 times)
1989 [Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin and mitomycin C for peritoneal dissemination in gastric cancer].
87  phase difference
(28 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
dCA (8 times)
MCA (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1980 Non-invasive lung function tests in rats with progressive papain-induced emphysema.
88  posterior deltoid
(28 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
EMG (13 times)
BB (10 times)
AD (9 times)
1990 Arm muscle activation for static forces in three-dimensional space.
89  prevalence difference
(28 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CI (12 times)
PR (6 times)
ADHD (2 times)
2004 Physical, mental and social factors associated with frequent attendance in Danish general practice. A population-based cross-sectional study.
90  protein-deficient
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PS (7 times)
ALP (2 times)
Malt1 (2 times)
1983 Impairment of macrophage migration inhibitory factor synthesis and macrophage migration in protein-malnourished mice.
91  1,2-propanediol
(27 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
EG (5 times)
BD (2 times)
CPA (2 times)
1976 Effects of 1,3-butanediol and 1,2-propanediol on growth, blood metabolites, and liver glycogen broiler chickens.
92  pulse duration
(27 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PRF (10 times)
ECAP (3 times)
IPG (3 times)
1995 Volitional control of anticipatory ocular pursuit responses under stabilised image conditions in humans.
93  predilatation
(26 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
DS (8 times)
TAVI (4 times)
TAVR (4 times)
2003 Direct stenting may limit myocardial injury during percutaneous coronary intervention.
94  percentage difference
(25 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
RF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
DOAS (2 times)
1985 Monitoring drug noncompliance in epileptic patients: assessing phenobarbital plasma levels.
95  photodarkening
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
PB (6 times)
NIR (3 times)
LD (2 times)
2008 Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers.
96  progressed
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PR (16 times)
SD (13 times)
CR (12 times)
1992 Treatment with alpha-interferon versus alpha-interferon in combination with streptozocin and doxorubicin in patients with malignant carcinoid tumors: a randomized trial.
97  Pilonidal disease
(24 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
EPSiT (3 times)
QoL (2 times)
SSI (2 times)
1996 Treatment of chronic pilonidal disease.
98  PD group
(23 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
HD (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1996 Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to upper- and lower-extremity exercise in men with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
99  photodissociation
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(18 times)
PSD (4 times)
MALDI (3 times)
CID (2 times)
1992 Comparative study of photodissociation and surface-induced dissociation by laser desorption Fourier transform mass spectrometry.
100  pore domain
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
VSD (15 times)
VGIC (3 times)
VSDs (3 times)
2008 Structural dynamics of an isolated voltage-sensor domain in a lipid bilayer.