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Abbreviation: PEF
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Long forms: 179

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
peak expiratory flow
(2362 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(952 times)
FVC (518 times)
FEV1 (328 times)
COPD (114 times)
1973 Peak expiratory flow in normal subjects.
pulsed electric field
(568 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(137 times)
HPP (19 times)
US (17 times)
DPPH (10 times)
1990 Selective production of hybridoma cells: antigenic-based pre-selection of B lymphocytes for electrofusion with myeloma cells.
photoelectro-Fenton
(63 times)
Environmental Health
(59 times)
EF (46 times)
BDD (28 times)
EAOPs (12 times)
2008 Mineralization of the biocide chloroxylenol by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes.
peak flow
(36 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(16 times)
ACT (4 times)
CI (2 times)
FEV1 (2 times)
1984 [So-called pocket-sized spirometry versus respiratory function tests: a comparative study of vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second and Tiffeneau's coefficient].
pefloxacin
(31 times)
Biology
(14 times)
CIP (20 times)
OFL (12 times)
NOR (8 times)
1986 Comparative efficacy of pefloxacin and six other antimicrobial agents on Staphylococcus aureus experimental abscesses.
penta-EF-hand
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
ALG-2 (8 times)
ERES (3 times)
ESCRT (3 times)
1998 Calcium-induced exposure of a hydrophobic surface of mouse ALG-2, which is a member of the penta-EF-hand protein family.
plasmon-enhanced fluorescence
(26 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
SERS (4 times)
FDTD (3 times)
FEM (2 times)
2011 Long range surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence emission for biosensor applications.
petroleum ether fraction
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
EAF (11 times)
AF (4 times)
CHF (4 times)
2005 Antidiarrhoeal activity of Cyperus rotundus.
poly(ethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate)
(20 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
FDCA (9 times)
PET (9 times)
PLA (3 times)
2014 Synthesis of poly(ethylene furandicarboxylate) polyester using monomers derived from renewable resources: thermal behavior comparison with PET and PEN.
10  parietal eye field
(17 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
FEF (14 times)
SEF (9 times)
fMRI (5 times)
1994 Saccade and smooth-pursuit impairment after cerebral hemispheric lesions.
11  porcine embryonic fibroblasts
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
SCNT (5 times)
bFGF (2 times)
ICM (2 times)
1987 Gene transfer in swine embryos by injection of cells infected with retrovirus vectors.
12  poly(ethylene furanoate)
(13 times)
Polymers
(5 times)
PET (5 times)
SSP (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
2016 Enzymatic hydrolysis of poly(ethylene furanoate).
13  post-exercise facilitation
(10 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
LEMS (4 times)
MEPs (3 times)
RNS (3 times)
2000 Post-exercise facilitation of compound muscle action potentials evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation in healthy subjects.
14  potential energy function
(10 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DPT (1 time)
EDMF (1 time)
MB-nrg (1 time)
2002 The vibrational levels of ammonia.
15  Product Environmental Footprint
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
LCA (3 times)
PEFCR (2 times)
EPD (1 time)
2017 Product environmental footprint of strawberries: Case studies in Estonia and Germany.
16  pericardial effusion
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PAH (2 times)
RV (2 times)
TTE (2 times)
2007 Pericardial abnormalities predict the presence of echocardiographically defined pulmonary arterial hypertension in systemic sclerosis-related interstitial lung disease.
17  protein-enriched fraction
(8 times)
Biological Factors
(1 time)
BGL (1 time)
BHE (1 time)
FWE (1 time)
1991 Detection of neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity and messenger RNA in rat platelets: the effects of vinblastine, reserpine, and dexamethasone on NPY expression in blood cells.
18  Paeoniflorin
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ROS (3 times)
DOX (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
2009 Peoniflorin attentuates Abeta((1-42))-mediated neurotoxicity by regulating calcium homeostasis and ameliorating oxidative stress in hippocampus of rats.
19  power efficiency factor
(6 times)
Electronics, Medical
(3 times)
NEF (4 times)
CMRR (3 times)
DSL (2 times)
2016 A 0.5-V multi-channel low-noise readout front-end for portable EEG acquisition.
20  passive emptying fraction
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LA (4 times)
AEF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
2003 Effects of digoxin on left atrial function in heart failure.
21  peritoneal exudate fluid
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
i.p (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
LTB4 (1 time)
1977 Mitogenic effect of syngeneic peritoneal fluids and their relation to lymphocyte trapping.
22  phenolic-enriched fraction
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NO (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
2014 (Poly)phenols protect from alpha-synuclein toxicity by reducing oxidative stress and promoting autophagy.
23  production efficiency factor
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FCR (3 times)
AFW (1 time)
AFY (1 time)
2017 Screening lactic acid bacteria to manufacture two-stage fermented feed and pelleting to investigate the feeding effect on broilers.
24  peak flow rate
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
SMPS (1 time)
TEOM (1 time)
1996 [Comparison of asthma score and peak flow rate (PEF) monitoring].
25  post-encounter form
(4 times)
Diagnosis
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
CLT (1 time)
GAP (1 time)
2011 The impact of selected contextual factors on experts' clinical reasoning performance (does context impact clinical reasoning performance in experts?).
26  postembolization fever
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HCC (4 times)
TACE (2 times)
AHD (1 time)
2008 Does postembolization fever after chemoembolization have prognostic significance for survival in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma?
27  posterior ethmoidal foramen
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AEF (4 times)
OC (4 times)
ALC (3 times)
2014 Computer-assisted analysis of anatomical relationships of the ethmoidal foramina and optic canal along the medial orbital wall.
28  preserved left ventricular ejection fraction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AHI (2 times)
CSA (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2006 Atrial fibrillation and risk of clinical events in chronic heart failure with and without left ventricular systolic dysfunction: results from the Candesartan in Heart failure-Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) program.
29  pulsed electric field treatment
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2005 A new pulsed electric field microreactor: comparison between the laboratory and microtechnology scale.
30  performance efficiency factor
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FCR (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
BET (1 time)
2005 Supplementation of waste tea fungal biomass as a dietary ingredient for broiler chicks.
31  planar elongational flow
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
KR (1 time)
LJ (1 time)
NEMD (1 time)
2005 A proper approach for nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of planar elongational flow.
32  posterior epidural fat
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AEF (1 time)
AES (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1995 [Posterior epidural adipose tissue and the narrow lumbar canal: replacement tissue or cause of impingement?].
33  practice education facilitator
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
--- 2009 Practice-based learning: the role of practice education facilitators in supporting mentors.
34  pulmonary edema fluid
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
NCPE (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
1983 Intravenous albumin administration in acid aspiration syndrome in rabbits.
35  pulmonary edema formation
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ETYA (2 times)
LT (2 times)
LWG (2 times)
1998 Posttreatment with eicosatetraynoic acid decreases lung edema in guinea pigs exposed to phosgene: the role of leukotrienes.
36  pulmonary expiratory flow
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
FVC (2 times)
BDP (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2003 Comparison of the efficacy of beclometasone dipropionate and fluticasone propionate suspensions for nebulization in adult patients with persistent asthma.
37  pulsed electromagnetic field
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
C/PLA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2012 Short-term effect of low-intensity, pulsed, electromagnetic fields on gait characteristics in older adults with low bone mineral density: a pilot randomized-controlled trial.
38  pancreatic exocrine function
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
FE-1 (1 time)
2012 Pancreatic exocrine function and morphology following an episode of acute pancreatitis.
39  partially engorged females
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
FEF (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2019 Proteomic analysis of saliva from partially and fully engorged adult female Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae).
40  peak expiratory flow measurement
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
SMS (1 time)
2005 [Measurement of lung function in patients admitted to hospital with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma].
41  peak flow expiratory
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
AH (1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
1991 Relationship of airway hyperresponsiveness to respiratory symptoms and diurnal peak flow variation in patients with obstructive lung disease. The Dutch CNSLD Study Group.
42  peak flow values
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FVC (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
SL (1 time)
1992 Formoterol suspension aerosol. Comparison with formoterol solution aerosol for 12 weeks in asthmatic patients.
43  percentage of daily energy intake from fat
(2 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
HPEF (1 time)
2021 Correlation Between Daily Energy Intake from Fat with Insulin Resistance in Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
44  performance-based measure of executive functions
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
2015 Development of a Performance-Based Measure of Executive Functions in Patients with Schizophrenia.
45  periodic electrical fields
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
--- 1989 [Periodic electric field as a possible switch of biopolymer conformation].
46  piezoelectric finger
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2013 Breast tumor detection using piezoelectric fingers: first clinical report.
47  pinless external fixator
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
UEF (1 time)
2001 Advantages and disadvantages of pinless external fixation.
48  polar ejection forces
(2 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
KT-MT (1 time)
2013 Elevated polar ejection forces stabilize kinetochore-microtubule attachments.
49  polyethylene foam
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HRT (1 time)
PUL (1 time)
PW (1 time)
2006 A questionnaire survey of the effect of different interface types on patient satisfaction and perceived problems among trans-tibial amputees.
50  polysaccharide-enriched fractions
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PHWE (1 time)
UAE (1 time)
2019 Strengths and weaknesses of the aniline-blue method used to test mushroom (1→3)-beta-d-glucans obtained by microwave-assisted extractions.
51  population excess fraction
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
PID (1 time)
TFI (1 time)
2017 Proportion of Tubal Factor Infertility due to Chlamydia: Finite Mixture Modeling of Serum Antibody Titers.
52  porcine fetal fibroblasts
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
IGF2 (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
PRRS (1 time)
2014 Identification of the porcine sialoadhesin gene promoter region and its cell-specific expression in porcine alveolar macrophage cells.
53  postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1982 Management of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas: the roles of parenteral nutrition and surgery.
54  potency equivalency factors
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
1,8-NA (1 time)
BaPeq (1 time)
2016 Size distribution and sources of 37 toxic species of particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during summer and winter in Baoshan suburban area of Shanghai, China.
55  pre-ejaculatory fluid
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2015 The ejaculatory biology of leafcutter ants.
56  pre-emulsified fat
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
SPI (2 times)
1997 Effect of replacing pork backfat with olive oil on processing and quality characteristics of fermented sausages.
57  prediction-error filter
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
iEEG (2 times)
FPR (1 time)
S/N (1 time)
1988 Parameters of exponentially damped sinusoids in noise and their application to the analysis of visual evoked potentials.
58  Premature epiphyseal fusion
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
EH (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
TDBT (1 time)
1987 Premature epiphyseal fusion and extramedullary hematopoiesis in thalassemia.
59  primary energy fluence
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
EPID (2 times)
C/S (1 time)
1996 Modeling dose distributions from portal dose images using the convolution/superposition method.
60  pupillary ejection fraction
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IPS (1 time)
NAION (1 time)
PEXG (1 time)
2021 Dynamic volume-rendered optical coherence tomography pupillometry.
61  pyrene excimer fluorescence
(2 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
DLS (1 time)
FBM (1 time)
GdHCl (1 time)
2020 Interior of Amylopectin and Nano-Sized Amylopectin Fragments Probed by Viscometry, Dynamic Light Scattering, and Pyrene Excimer Fluorescence.
62  pyrene excimer formation
(2 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
DMF (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
FBM (1 time)
2020 Direct Measure of the Local Concentration of Pyrenyl Groups in Pyrene-Labeled Dendrons Derived from the Rate of Fluorescence Collisional Quenching.
63  PA-6 electrospun film
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
PA-6 (1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2020 Clustering-Triggered Emission and Luminescence Regulation by Molecular Arrangement of Nonaromatic Polyamide-6.
64  Paleozoic evolutionary fauna
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MEF (1 time)
PTME (1 time)
2019 Ecological continuity and transformation after the Permo-Triassic mass extinction in northeastern Panthalassa.
65  papillary elastofibroma
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MCA (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
2016 Effective ADAPT Thrombectomy in a Patient with Acute Stroke due to Cardiac Papillary Elastofibroma: Histological Thrombus Confirmation.
66  Parasitological Examination of Faeces
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
2019 Use of the aqueous biphasic system as an alternative for concentration of Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, with non-toxic separation of faecal residues and fats.
67  Pareto efficient frontier
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2006 Derivative-free generation and interpolation of convex Pareto optimal IMRT plans.
68  participation and engagement framework
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
IMCs (1 time)
2018 How interpreters influence patient participation in medical consultations: The confluence of verbal and nonverbal dimensions of interpreter-mediated clinical communication.
69  particle emission factors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
TEs (1 time)
2020 Chemical composition of soil-associated ash from the southern California Thomas Fire and its potential inhalation risks to farmworkers.
70  partnership engagement framework
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
SNA (1 time)
2020 Global health systems partnerships: a mixed methods analysis of Mozambique's HPV vaccine delivery network actors.
71  Passiflora edulis fruit
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2016 Cytotoxicity of methanol extracts of Annona muricata, Passiflora edulis and nine other Cameroonian medicinal plants towards multi-factorial drug-resistant cancer cell lines.
72  Patient Engagement Framework
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BIT (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
2021 Digilego for Peripartum Depression: A Novel Patient-Facing Digital Health Instantiation.
73  peak exhalation force
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2006 [Clinical observation on acupoint electro-superconducting therapy with Cinese herbal drugs contained pad in treating children asthma].
74  peak expiration frequency
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Principles of monitoring patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
75  peak expiratory flow recordings
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1995 A comparison of 'abruptly stopping' with 'tailing off' oral corticosteroids in acute asthma.
76  Peak Expiratory Flow variability
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
PSQI (1 time)
2020 Impact of Sleep Quality on Asthma Control amongst Asthmatics at Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State.
77  peak expiratory flow velocity
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ERV (1 time)
FRC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2019 [Analysis of the overweight and obesity effects on pulmonary function in OSA patients].
78  Peak Flow indices
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
ABG (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2015 Effect of respiratory rehabilitation before open cardiac surgery on respiratory function: a randomized clinical trial.
79  peak flow measurements at home
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
B-Eos (1 time)
BHR (1 time)
S-ECP (1 time)
1997 Asthma and the indoor environment: the significance of emission of formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds from newly painted indoor surfaces.
80  Peak forced expiratory flow
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DeltaPEF (1 time)
2007 Peak expiratory flow is not a quality indicator for spirometry: peak expiratory flow variability and FEV1 are poorly correlated in an elderly population.
81  peak of forced expiratory flow rate
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Effects of acupuncture on clinical symptoms and pulmonary function in the patient of bronchial asthma].
82  pectin-encapsulated-fat
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2019 In Vitro Digestibility and Quality of an Emulsified Meat Product Formulated With Animal Fat Encapsulated With Pectin.
83  pediatric encounter form
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2002 Ambulatory rounds: a venue for evidence-based medicine.
84  Peer Evaluation Forms
(1 time)
Hospitals, Community
(1 time)
ABIM (1 time)
ITE (1 time)
PES (1 time)
2019 The effect of demographic characteristics, Country of birth and country of medical training on the peer evaluations of internal medicine resident physicians.
85  PEF treatment t
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 The early stages of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast suspensions damage in moderate pulsed electric fields.
86  PEF treatment time t
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Influence of temperature and surfactant on Escherichia coli inactivation in aqueous suspensions treated by moderate pulsed electric fields.
87  PEF-induced damage results in increase of sigma with t
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Behavior of yeast cells in aqueous suspension affected by pulsed electric field.
88  pefloxacin methanesulfonate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
DAN (1 time)
DIF (1 time)
2009 Simultaneous determination of 13 quinolones in eggs using column high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry and depletion of pefloxacin methanesulfonate in eggs.
89  PEFnc
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IAR (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
SIC (1 time)
1999 Comparison of peak expiratory flows and FEV1 in assessing immediate asthmatic reactions due to occupational agents.
90  PEFpm
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
EDICT (1 time)
2002 Evaluation of different inhaled combination therapies (EDICT): a randomised, double-blind comparison of Seretide (50/250 microg bd Diskus vs. formoterol (12 microg bd) and budesonide (800 microg bd) given concurrently (both via Turbuhaler) in patients with moderate-to-severe asthma.
91  pelvic external fixation
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IIAL (1 time)
PPP (1 time)
2021 Current management and clinical outcomes for patients with haemorrhagic shock due to pelvic fracture in Korean regional trauma centres: A multi-institutional trial.
92  penetrating enhancing factor
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Review: Toxoplasma gondii cellular invasion.
93  penetration factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1971 Immunological Study on the Host Cell Penetration Factor of Toxoplasma gondii.
94  penile endothelial function
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
PNORT (1 time)
2004 Impairment of shear-stress-mediated vasodilation of cavernous arteries in erectile dysfunction.
95  penta EF family
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2018 Sorcin a Potential Molecular Target for Cancer Therapy.
96  pepsin extracted fraction
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
BAV (1 time)
ICF (1 time)
2016 Collagen analysis of the ascending aortic dilatation associated with bicuspid aortic valve disease compared with tricuspid aortic valve.
97  peptide enteral formula
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SEF (1 time)
1992 Comparison of tolerance and nutritional outcome between a peptide and a standard enteral formula in critically ill, hypoalbuminemic patients.
98  peptide nutrient-energy dense enteral feed
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
PICUs (1 time)
2019 Peptide nutrient-energy dense enteral feeding in critically ill infants: an observational study.
99  perceived entrepreneurial feasibility
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
ATSE (1 time)
PED (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2021 Endorsing Sustainable Enterprises Among Promising Entrepreneurs: A Comparative Study of Factor-Driven Economy and Efficiency-Driven Economy.
100  percent energy from fat
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
Fi (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2015 The Built Food Environment and Dietary Intake among African-American Adults.