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Abbreviation: PG
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
prostaglandin
(7525 times)
Pharmacology
(1222 times)
COX (753 times)
TX (500 times)
AA (332 times)
1971 Stimulation of intestinal mucosal adenyl cyclase by cholera enterotoxin and prostaglandins.
phosphatidylglycerol
(1290 times)
Biochemistry
(379 times)
PC (411 times)
PE (385 times)
PI (171 times)
1968 Phospholipid synthesis in Escherichia coli infected with T4 bacteriophages.
proteoglycan
(987 times)
Rheumatology
(197 times)
GAG (130 times)
OA (95 times)
CS (62 times)
1977 The localization of proteoglycans and glycoproteins in the hyaline cartilage.
propylene glycol
(882 times)
Pharmacology
(267 times)
EG (115 times)
DMSO (75 times)
GLY (54 times)
1975 Skin reactions to propylene glycol.
peptidoglycan
(785 times)
Microbiology
(203 times)
LPS (62 times)
PBPs (40 times)
OM (26 times)
1975 Characterization of the presumed peptide cross-links in the soluble peptidoglycan fragments synthesized by protoplasts of Streptococcus faecalis.
Pyoderma gangrenosum
(675 times)
Dermatology
(281 times)
IBD (53 times)
UC (34 times)
EN (16 times)
1977 Pyoderma gangrenosum associated with regional enteritis. Improvement in defective granulocyte function and healing of skin lesions during administration of clofazimine.
plasma glucose
(431 times)
Endocrinology
(209 times)
OGTT (72 times)
FPG (59 times)
BMI (30 times)
1980 Differential effects of 2-deoxy-D-glucose on plasma glucose, free fatty acids and feeding during the light and dark cycle in rats.
polygalacturonase
(336 times)
Botany
(79 times)
PME (53 times)
PL (35 times)
PE (17 times)
1975 Sequential production of polygalacturonase, cellulase, and pectin lyase by Rhizoctonia solani.
pathological gambling
(327 times)
Psychiatry
(96 times)
PD (39 times)
DA (16 times)
HC (16 times)
1996 Pathological gambling: Etiologic considerations and treatment efficacy of eye movement desensitization/reprocessing.
10  pepsinogen
(276 times)
Gastroenterology
(98 times)
H. pylori (35 times)
HP (30 times)
GC (25 times)
1975 Changes in pepsinogen isozymes in stomach carcinogenesis induced in rats by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine.
11  propyl gallate
(166 times)
Chemistry
(35 times)
BHA (39 times)
BHT (34 times)
tBHQ (25 times)
1976 Rapid determination of butylated hydroxyanisole, tert- butylhydroquinone, and propyl gallate in edible oils by electron capture gas-liquid chromatography.
12  Pyogenic granuloma
(162 times)
Dermatology
(42 times)
POF (15 times)
PGCG (12 times)
LCH (7 times)
1980 Lobular capillary hemangioma: the underlying lesion of pyogenic granuloma. A study of 73 cases from the oral and nasal mucous membranes.
13  pancreaticogastrostomy
(134 times)
General Surgery
(80 times)
PD (92 times)
PJ (86 times)
POPF (26 times)
1990 Pancreaticojejunostomy versus pancreaticogastrostomy in reconstruction following pancreaticoduodenectomy.
14  pressure gradient
(110 times)
Cardiology
(41 times)
AS (16 times)
LVOT (11 times)
HOCM (8 times)
1985 [Noninvasive estimation of pressure gradient in the left ventricular outflow tract: an experimental study].
15  proximal gastrectomy
(103 times)
General Surgery
(44 times)
TG (53 times)
QoL (13 times)
DG (10 times)
1983 Bile acid and lysolecithin concentrations in the stomach of patients with gastric ulcer: before operation and after treatment by highly selective vagotomy, Billroth I partial gastrectomy and truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty.
16  parotid gland
(97 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
SMG (36 times)
SLG (11 times)
IMRT (10 times)
1988 The parotid gland is the main source of human salivary epidermal growth factor.
17  phosphogypsum
(91 times)
Environmental Health
(79 times)
PR (4 times)
MTE (3 times)
Zn (3 times)
2001 A dosimetric model for determining the effectiveness of soil covers for phosphogypsum waste piles.
18  placebo group
(90 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
CG (12 times)
VAS (11 times)
TG (10 times)
1992 Prevention of nosocomial infection in critically ill patients by selective decontamination of the digestive tract. A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study.
19  prothoracic gland
(79 times)
Biology
(23 times)
PTTH (16 times)
JH (8 times)
TOR (5 times)
1977 Requirements for molting of the crochet epidermis of the tobacco hornworm larva in vivo and in vitro.
20  pemphigoid gestationis
(78 times)
Dermatology
(53 times)
BP (22 times)
DIF (8 times)
PEP (7 times)
1988 Expression of a pemphigoid gestationis-related antigen by human placenta.
21  pyrolytic graphite
(76 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
CV (26 times)
Hb (25 times)
Mb (25 times)
1987 Periodic trends in sensitivity and its dependence on the properties of pyrolytic and non-pyrolytic graphite in graphite-furnace atomic-absorption spectrometry.
22  postgraduate
(72 times)
Medicine
(14 times)
UG (22 times)
DOPS (3 times)
FM (3 times)
2001 Redefining emergency medicine procedures: Canadian competence and frequency survey.
23  pentagastrin
(71 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
CT (16 times)
MTC (16 times)
CCH (4 times)
1975 Effect of continuous infusion of pentagastrin on lower esophageal sphincter pressure and gastric acid secretion in normal subjects.
24  Panax ginseng
(57 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
PQ (7 times)
PN (4 times)
TCM (4 times)
1996 Effects of majonoside-R2 on pentobarbital sleep and gastric lesion in psychologically stressed mice.
25  pigmentary glaucoma
(54 times)
Ophthalmology
(47 times)
PDS (29 times)
POAG (15 times)
IOP (14 times)
1987 [Quantification and progression of the visual field defect in glaucoma without hypertension, glaucoma simplex and pigmentary glaucoma. A clinical study with the Delta Program of the 201 Octopus perimeter].
26  problem gambling
(51 times)
Psychology
(25 times)
PGSI (5 times)
MR (2 times)
NPG (2 times)
2001 Comparison of problem-gambling and non-problem-gambling youths seeking treatment for marijuana abuse.
27  polyglycerol
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PEG (14 times)
CA (4 times)
DOX (4 times)
2005 High-loading polyglycerol supported reagents for Mitsunobu- and acylation-reactions and other useful polyglycerol derivatives.
28  pharmacogenetics
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
PK (16 times)
PD (10 times)
SNPs (4 times)
2000 Pharmacogenetics in the practice of laboratory medicine.
29  prodigiosin
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
C/N (3 times)
DOX (3 times)
PTX (3 times)
2002 Activation of protein kinase C for protection of cells against apoptosis induced by the immunosuppressor prodigiosin.
30  platelet gel
(46 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PRP (5 times)
bFGF (3 times)
GF (3 times)
2003 [Local therapy with platelet-derived growth factors for chronic diabetic ulcers in haemodialysis patients].
31  plakoglobin
(45 times)
Cell Biology
(9 times)
DP (8 times)
ARVC (6 times)
Dsg (5 times)
1995 Plakoglobin: kinetics of synthesis, phosphorylation, stability, and interactions with desmoglein and E-cadherin.
32  periglomerular
(42 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
OB (11 times)
ET (7 times)
SA (7 times)
1984 Periglomerular cell action on mitral cells in olfactory bulb shown by current source density analysis.
33  penicillin G
(41 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AMP (3 times)
PGA (3 times)
6-APA (2 times)
1960 Studies on the mechanism of the formation of the penicillin antigen. I. Delayed allergic cross-reactions among penicillin G and its degradation products.
34  polygraphy
(41 times)
Psychophysiology
(17 times)
AHI (16 times)
OSA (16 times)
PSG (13 times)
1999 Cervical headgear therapy as a factor in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
35  pyrogallol
(41 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
ROS (10 times)
GA (7 times)
MMP (7 times)
1995 Inhibition of 1,2,4-benzenetriol-generated active oxygen species and induction of phase II enzymes by green tea polyphenols.
36  paraganglioma
(39 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PC (4 times)
MTC (3 times)
FNAB (2 times)
1981 Age related increase in catecholamine-containing paraganglia in male Fischer-344 rats.
37  pineal gland
(38 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
SCN (4 times)
CVOs (3 times)
L-NNA (3 times)
1991 Molecular cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding tryptophan hydroxylase from rat central serotonergic neurons.
38  Platycodon grandiflorum
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
PD (7 times)
HFD (3 times)
IL (3 times)
1995 Effects of Platycodon grandiflorum feeding on serum and liver lipid concentrations in rats with diet-induced hyperlipidemia.
39  parathyroid gland
(36 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
PTH (9 times)
ICG (5 times)
VDR (4 times)
1993 Identification and purification of parathyroid hypertensive factor from organ culture of parathyroid glands from spontaneously hypertensive rats.
40  phloroglucinol
(35 times)
Biology
(5 times)
DAPG (3 times)
MAPG (3 times)
3HP (2 times)
2001 Successful propagation in vitro of apple rootstock MM106 and influence of phloroglucinol.
41  petrosal ganglion
(31 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CB (16 times)
ACh (7 times)
SCG (6 times)
1990 Developmental regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase expression in primary sensory neurons of the rat.
42  phenylglyoxal
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
DNDS (6 times)
CHD (4 times)
Al (3 times)
1975 Exposure of an arginine-rich protein at surface of cells in S, G2, and M phases of the cell cycle.
43  pheromone gland
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PBAN (11 times)
Bmpgdesat1 (2 times)
FATP (2 times)
2004 Isolation and characterization of a humoral factor that stimulates transcription of the acyl-CoA-binding protein in the pheromone gland of the silkmoth, Bombyx mori.
44  Press Ganey
(29 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
CI (4 times)
ED (4 times)
TKA (4 times)
2010 Measuring and improving ambulatory surgery patients' satisfaction.
45  prompt gamma
(28 times)
Biophysics
(24 times)
TOF (5 times)
BP (4 times)
PET (4 times)
2011 Monte Carlo patient study on the comparison of prompt gamma and PET imaging for range verification in proton therapy.
46  patient group
(25 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CG (16 times)
HCG (3 times)
Tyr-P (3 times)
2002 [Assessment of autonomic nervous function during orthostatic stress in pilots with history of syncope].
47  pristine graphene
(24 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
GO (8 times)
FG (3 times)
MD (3 times)
2013 DFT studies of acrolein molecule adsorption on pristine and Al-doped graphenes.
48  physcion 8-O-beta-glucopyranoside
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CCK-8 (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
EMT (2 times)
2005 In-a-day electrochemical detection of coliforms in drinking water using a tyrosinase composite biosensor.
49  percutaneous gastrostomy
(22 times)
Radiology
(13 times)
PEG (3 times)
SEMS (3 times)
AI (1 time)
1986 Percutaneous gastrostomy and gastroenterostomy: 1. Techniques derived from laboratory evaluation.
50  protein G
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
PA (5 times)
GGS (2 times)
QDs (2 times)
1991 Recombinant fusion proteins of protein A and protein G with glutathione S-transferase as reporter molecules.
51  porous graphene
(20 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
FTIR (4 times)
XRD (4 times)
SEM (3 times)
2014 Femtosecond laser ablation of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite: a green route for large-scale production of porous graphene and graphene quantum dots.
52  poly(L-glutamic acid)
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CPT (3 times)
DM (3 times)
PG-TXL (2 times)
1987 Increased therapeutic efficacy of cis-platinum complexes of poly-L-glutamic acid against a murine carcinoma.
53  prolonged grief
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
PTS (3 times)
PG-13 (2 times)
PGD (2 times)
2013 A Cognitive Attachment Model of prolonged grief: integrating attachments, memory, and identity.
54  pancreatic glucagon
(17 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CCK (5 times)
GLI (3 times)
EG (2 times)
1975 Glucose, insulin, pancreatic glucagon and glucagon-like immunoreactive materials in the plasma of normal and diabetic children. Effect of the initial insulin treatment.
55  polyglucosan
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
PL (5 times)
GBE (3 times)
GSD-IV (3 times)
2001 The channel hypothesis of Huntington's disease.
56  precision grip
(17 times)
Brain
(2 times)
WHG (4 times)
CG (3 times)
LAFC (2 times)
1992 [Experimental study on selenium preventing nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
57  pregabalin
(17 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GB (2 times)
AMT (1 time)
auto-HCT (1 time)
2010 Simple and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of pregabalin in capsules through derivatization with fluorescamine.
58  pelvic ganglia
(16 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CN (4 times)
ED (4 times)
SHH (4 times)
1987 The major pelvic ganglion: androgen control of postnatal development.
59  PicoGreen
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
dsDNA (4 times)
MEF (4 times)
SG (3 times)
2003 Mechanisms underlying the impact of humic acids on DNA quantification by SYBR Green I and consequences for the analysis of soils and aquatic sediments.
60  progastrin
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
AnxII (2 times)
FABP (2 times)
IEC (2 times)
2002 Progastrin1-80 stimulates growth of intestinal epithelial cells in vitro via high-affinity binding sites.
61  pulse generator
(16 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ERI (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1984 Discrimination of supraventricular tachycardia from sinus tachycardia of overlapping cycle length.
62  3-phosphoglycerate
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
PGK (4 times)
BPG (3 times)
DSBs (3 times)
1982 Purification, isolation and characterization of a phosphoglycolate phosphatase isoenzyme from human erythrocytes.
63  performance goal
(15 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
TLF (4 times)
AR (2 times)
BMS (2 times)
2010 Decreasing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons emission from bitumen using alternative bitumen production process.
64  perimetric glaucoma
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
OCT (5 times)
GSPPG (3 times)
PPG (3 times)
2006 An enhancement module to improve the atypical birefringence pattern using scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation.
65  pioglitazone
(15 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PPARgamma (5 times)
OLETF (2 times)
AG (1 time)
2005 Thiazolidinediones inhibit TNFalpha induction of PAI-1 independent of PPARgamma activation.
66  plasma grid
(15 times)
Biophysics
(15 times)
Cs (2 times)
EEDF (1 time)
EG (1 time)
2008 Spatial structure of electric potential near the extraction region in Cs-seeded H(-) ion sources.
67  proglucagon
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GLP-1 (5 times)
GLP (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1989 Carboxypeptidase-B-like processing of the C-terminus of glucagon-like peptide-2 in pig and human small intestine.
68  proguanil
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CG (8 times)
CQ (3 times)
CPB (2 times)
1990 In vitro metabolism of the biguanide antimalarials in human liver microsomes: evidence for a role of the mephenytoin hydroxylase (P450 MP) enzyme.
69  protein-glutaminase
(15 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DD (4 times)
DH (2 times)
RSM (2 times)
2004 Effects of enzymatic deamidation by protein-glutaminase on structure and functional properties of alpha-zein.
70  Punica granatum
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TFC (2 times)
TPC (2 times)
17beta-HSDs (1 time)
2008 Antidiabetic potential of Citrus sinensis and Punica granatum peel extracts in alloxan treated male mice.
71  prostaglandin analogue
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
CAI (3 times)
IOP (3 times)
POAG (3 times)
1985 Effect of repeated flushing and a prostaglandin analogue on the estrous cycle of pony mares.
72  pituitary gland
(13 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
BD (2 times)
HC (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1998 Expression and regulation of the myc proto-oncogene in the pituitary gland of rainbow trout.
73  pregnant
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
NP (5 times)
nc (2 times)
PTB (2 times)
1985 LHRH receptor, LH and FSH concentrations in anterior pituitaries of cycling, noncycling and early pregnant heifers.
74  primigravidae
(13 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
MG (7 times)
CQ (2 times)
Hb (2 times)
1993 Malaria chemosuppression in pregnancy. I. The effect of chemosuppressive drugs on maternal parasitaemia.
75  ProGlider
(13 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
PF (3 times)
PTN (3 times)
RP (3 times)
2014 Evaluation of the mechanical behaviour of PathFile and ProGlider pathfinding nickel-titanium rotary instruments.
76  paralog group
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
Ci (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1999 Organization of an echinoderm Hox gene cluster.
77  parthenogenetic
(12 times)
Embryology
(6 times)
AG (4 times)
ES (3 times)
ESCs (2 times)
1992 Parthenogenetic stem cells in postnatal mouse chimeras.
78  peak gradient
(12 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
MG (7 times)
AVR (4 times)
EOA (2 times)
1990 [Mitral prostheses with and without dysfunction: evaluation using 2-D Doppler echocardiography].
79  plus gemcitabine
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
EG (3 times)
MBC (3 times)
2000 Interim analysis of a phase III trial. Triple- vs double-agent chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Southern Italy Cooperative Oncology Group.
80  proglycogen
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
MG (13 times)
AC (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
1998 Comparison of traditional measurements with macroglycogen and proglycogen analysis of muscle glycogen.
81  propofol glucuronide
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
1-QG (2 times)
4-QG (2 times)
AUCs (2 times)
1979 Presystemic and systemic glucuronidation of propranolol.
82  phytoglycogen
(11 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
DS (3 times)
PG-OS (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2009 Phytoglycogen octenyl succinate, an amphiphilic carbohydrate nanoparticle, and epsilon-polylysine to improve lipid oxidative stability of emulsions.
83  Pilates group
(11 times)
Physical Medicine
(6 times)
CG (7 times)
RCTs (2 times)
TG (2 times)
2010 Pilates method in personal autonomy, static balance and quality of life of elderly females.
84  precentral gyrus
(11 times)
Brain
(4 times)
MCA (2 times)
PTV (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
1976 Comparison between red nucleus and precentral neurons during learned movements in the monkey.
85  paradoxical growth
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(6 times)
MFC (3 times)
TE (3 times)
AM3 (2 times)
2007 Paradoxical growth effect of caspofungin observed on biofilms and planktonic cells of five different Candida species.
86  Phlegmonous gastritis
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
AUS (1 time)
2014 Acute phlegmonous gastritis complicated by delayed perforation.
87  phosphoglycan
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LPG (8 times)
PPG (2 times)
scGal (2 times)
1999 Regulation of macrophage IL-12 synthesis by Leishmania phosphoglycans.
88  phosphoglycerol
(10 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PC (6 times)
PS (4 times)
PE (3 times)
1993 Identification of phosphocholine plasmalogen as a lipid component in mammalian pulmonary surfactant using high-resolution 31P NMR spectroscopy.
89  pregnancy
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
Ags (2 times)
AMR (2 times)
CFC (2 times)
1988 The embryo influences adenylate cyclase activity and hormonal response in rabbit myometrium during early pregnancy.
90  pencil graphite
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CV (5 times)
SEM (5 times)
EIS (4 times)
2012 An acrylamide biosensor based on immobilization of hemoglobin onto multiwalled carbon nanotube/copper nanoparticles/polyaniline hybrid film.
91  Persian gum
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
RSM (2 times)
AITC (1 time)
BSG (1 time)
2016 Development of emulsifying property in Persian gum using octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA).
92  Phellinus gilvus
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CLP (2 times)
PL (2 times)
TNF (2 times)
2005 Polysaccharides isolated from Phellinus gilvus inhibit melanoma growth in mice.
93  postload glucose
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
FPG (5 times)
OGTT (3 times)
1,5-AG (2 times)
2008 Fasting plasma glucose cutoff for diagnosis of diabetes in a Japanese population.
94  practice guideline
(9 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1997 The effects of a practice guideline on endoscopic sinus surgery at an academic center.
95  primary growth
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
SG (3 times)
iNDF (2 times)
pdNDF (2 times)
2010 The effect of harvesting strategy of grass silage on digestion and nutrient supply in dairy cows.
96  protecting group
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NIR (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
CPP (1 time)
2003 N-silyl-tethered radical cyclizations: a new synthesis of gamma-amino alcohols.
97  pseudogap
(9 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
SC (4 times)
CDW (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2005 Critical point and the nature of the pseudogap of single-layered copper-oxide Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+delta superconductors.
98  public good
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
IR (1 time)
PD (1 time)
rLPFC (1 time)
1998 A Probabilistic Model of Criticality in a Sequential Public Good Dilemma.
99  penta-graphene
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HPG (2 times)
BTE (1 time)
H-PG-F (1 time)
2016 Hydrogenation of Penta-Graphene Leads to Unexpected Large Improvement in Thermal Conductivity.
100  periapical granuloma
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
RC (4 times)
PC (3 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
2008 [Expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand and osteoprotegerin in chronic apical periodontitis].