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Abbreviation: PGI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
phosphoglucose isomerase
(273 times)
Biochemistry
(52 times)
AMF (24 times)
PGM (24 times)
MDH (16 times)
1967 Genetic mapping of mutations affecting phosphoglucose isomerase and fructose diphosphatase in Escherichia coli.
pepsinogen I
(193 times)
Gastroenterology
(87 times)
PGII (52 times)
H. pylori (19 times)
HP (11 times)
1975 Serum group I pepsinogens by radioimmunoassay in control subjects and patients with peptic ulcer.
Protected Geographical Indication
(74 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
PDO (18 times)
LDA (6 times)
EU (3 times)
2006 Carcass characteristics of suckling lambs protected by the PGI "Lechazo de Castilla y Leon" European quality label: Effect of breed, sex and carcass weight.
Patient Generated Index
(55 times)
Rehabilitation
(13 times)
QoL (14 times)
HRQoL (9 times)
HRQL (5 times)
1994 A new approach to the measurement of quality of life. The Patient-Generated Index.
Patient Global Impression
(40 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
CGI (12 times)
CGI-I (7 times)
PSG (6 times)
1997 Characteristics of fluoxetine versus placebo responders in a randomized trial of geriatric depression.
personal growth initiative
(21 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PGIS-II (4 times)
PTSS (3 times)
PTE (2 times)
2012 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Personal Growth Initiative Scale-II.
prompt gamma imaging
(10 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
BP (2 times)
CCI (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2015 Imaging of prompt gamma rays emitted during delivery of clinical proton beams with a Compton camera: feasibility studies for range verification.
prostaglandin 6-keto-F1 alpha
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
GA (2 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
IL-1ra (2 times)
1985 Thromboxane and prostacyclin in clinical acute respiratory failure.
Post Graduate Institute
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADAS-Cog (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2007 Traditional journal club: a continuing problem.
10  proliferative gill inflammation
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
ASPV (3 times)
AGD (2 times)
CGD (1 time)
2006 Atlantic salmon paramyxovirus (ASPV) infection contributes to proliferative gill inflammation (PGI) in seawater-reared Salmo salar.
11  glucose-6-phosphate isomerase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PPP (2 times)
TCA (2 times)
AlkPh (1 time)
1993 Genetic variation in a Tanzanian population of Glossina swynnertoni (Diptera: Glossinidae).
12  Patient Global Improvement
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CGI (2 times)
DAI (2 times)
HAM-D (2 times)
1996 A comparison of mesalamine suspension enema and oral sulfasalazine for treatment of active distal ulcerative colitis in adults.
13  Patient Global Impression of Improvement
(5 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CGI-S (2 times)
EPS (2 times)
ASEX (1 time)
2002 Safety of olanzapine versus conventional antipsychotics in the treatment of patients with acute schizophrenia. A naturalistic study.
14  percent growth inhibition
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
acdS (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1984 Factors contributing to the development of cerebral malaria. I. Humoral immune responses.
15  patient-reported global impression of change
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
IELT (3 times)
PCOE (1 time)
PDRE (1 time)
2008 Perceived control over ejaculation is central to treatment benefit in men with premature ejaculation: results from phase III trials with dapoxetine.
16  pepsinogen group I
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PGII (1 time)
1985 Peptic cells.
17  prosthetic graft infection
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GRs (1 time)
RMF (1 time)
1993 Rotational muscle flaps to treat localized prosthetic graft infection: long-term follow-up.
18  partial global ischemia
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
DCA (3 times)
1986 Postinsult treatment of ischemia-induced cerebral lactic acidosis in the rat.
19  PAUL Glaucoma Implant
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOP (2 times)
VA (1 time)
2020 Treatment Outcomes Using the PAUL Glaucoma Implant to Control Intraocular Pressure in Eyes with Refractory Glaucoma.
20  plant growth index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
US (2 times)
AA (1 time)
DM-RS (1 time)
2013 Co-composting of livestock manure with rice straw: characterization and establishment of maturity evaluation system.
21  Pooled Genomic Indexing
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BAC (2 times)
ST-PGI (1 time)
2005 Pooled genomic indexing of rhesus macaque.
22  Paddick gradient index
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
MLC (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
PTV (1 time)
2018 Plan quality comparison between 4-arc and 6-arc noncoplanar volumetric modulated arc stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of multiple brain metastases.
23  partial genetic instability
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
TMA (1 time)
2011 Prognostic value of partial genetic instability in neuroblastoma with ≤50% neuroblastic cell content.
24  Patients' Global Improvement scale
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BDI (2 times)
BPI (2 times)
FIQ (2 times)
2010 Trazodone for the treatment of fibromyalgia: an open-label, 12-week study.
25  pentose and glucuronate interconversions
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
2020 Comparative transcriptomic analysis of contrasting hybrid cultivars reveal key drought-responsive genes and metabolic pathways regulating drought stress tolerance in maize at various stages.
26  percent of mycelial growth inhibition
(2 times)
ALB (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2019 Occurrence and Extent of Boscalid Resistance in Populations of Alternaria alternata from California Pistachio Orchards.
27  perigraft infection
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AEF (2 times)
CT (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1985 Gastrointestinal tract involvement by prosthetic graft infection. The significance of gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
28  peripheral glycerol injections
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
TN (1 time)
1989 Peripheral glycerol injections in the treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. A preliminary study.
29  personal genetic information
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2009 Research 2.0: social networking and direct-to-consumer (DTC) genomics.
30  physical gamma indices
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NTCP (2 times)
PTV (2 times)
RGI (2 times)
2015 Novel Radiobiological Gamma Index for Evaluation of 3-Dimensional Predicted Dose Distribution.
31  pigeonpea genomics initiative
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BAC (1 time)
BESs (1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
2010 Pigeonpea genomics initiative (PGI): an international effort to improve crop productivity of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.).
32  plastome-genome incompatibility
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AB-I (1 time)
EST-SSR (1 time)
PIC (1 time)
2008 The complete nucleotide sequences of the 5 genetically distinct plastid genomes of Oenothera, subsection Oenothera: II. A microevolutionary view using bioinformatics and formal genetic data.
33  potassium, glucose and insulin
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 1981 [Treatment of recent myocardial infarct with infusions of potassium, glucose and insulin (PGI). I. Effect of PGI treatment on various elements of humoral homeostasis: free fatty acid, lactate, pyruvate and immunoreactive insulin concentrations].
34  Prenatal Genetic Intervention
(2 times)
Ethics
(2 times)
--- 1991 Prospects for "genetic therapy" -- can a person benefit from being altered?
35  primary gastrointestinal
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
2011 Prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume on PET / CT in primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
36  prostaglandin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
1997 Identification of domains conferring ligand binding specificity to the prostanoid receptor. Studies on chimeric prostacyclin/prostaglandin D receptors.
37  psychological gender inventory
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2014 Social abilities and gender roles in adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome - a pilot study.
38  pyroglutamyl-peptidase I
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PSA (2 times)
APB (1 time)
APN (1 time)
2005 Subcellular distribution of membrane-bound aminopeptidases in the human and rat brain.
39  biomarkers-pepsinogen I
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
GC (1 time)
H. pylori (1 time)
2017 A Serological Biopsy Using Five Stomach-Specific Circulating Biomarkers for Gastric Cancer Risk Assessment: A Multi-Phase Study.
40  neuroleukin-phosphoglucose isomerase
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
1999 Regulation of growth and apoptosis of breast cancer cells by a 54 kDa lymphokine.
41  Pacific Geographic Institute
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
2003 Environmental conditions in the Rudnaya River watershed--a compilation of Soviet and post-Soviet era sampling around a lead smelter in the Russian Far East.
42  painful grill illusion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
HPT (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2008 The spatial characteristics of the painful thermal grill illusion.
43  paradigm with no output required
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2003 The impact of motor activity on intracerebral ERPs: P3 latency variability in modified auditory odd-ball paradigms involving a motor task.
44  paraneoplastic gastrointestine
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GVHR (1 time)
1989 Tumor-induced altered gastrointestinal steady-states: absence of MHC restriction in the paraneoplastic gastrointestine.
45  Parotid gland incidentaloma
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Parotid gland incidentalomas: A single-institution experience.
46  Patient Global Impression of Improvement of Incontinence
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BSUG (1 time)
IUGA (1 time)
SUI (1 time)
2016 What can we learn from large data sets? An analysis of 19,000 retropubic tapes.
47  Patient Global Index
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ATOMS (1 time)
GRA (1 time)
ICIQ-SF (1 time)
2018 Treatment of stress urinary incontinence after prostatectomy with the adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) with preattached scrotal port.
48  Patient Global Intervention
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ICIQ-SF (1 time)
MUI (1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2020 Game therapy a new approach to treat women facing mixed urinary incontinence: A study protocol.
49  patient's global impression score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CGI (1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
ITG (1 time)
2009 Intrathecal glycine for pain and dystonia in complex regional pain syndrome.
50  patient-generated images
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2020 Patient Portal, Patient-Generated Images, and Medical Decision-Making in a Pediatric Ambulatory Setting.
51  Pectus Gracilis Index
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2012 Upper thoracic shape in children with pectus excavatum: impact on lung function.
52  pediatric gastroenterology
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
PO (1 time)
2016 Outcome of Pediatric Gastroenterology Outpatients With Fever and Central Line.
53  Penetrating gastric injury
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
GSWs (1 time)
SWs (1 time)
2022 Laparotomy for penetrating gastric trauma - A South African experience.
54  penetrating gluteal injuries
(1 time)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Penetrating injury to the buttock: an update.
55  Penguin Island
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AHs (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2019 Depositional input of hydrocarbons recorded in sedimentary cores from Deception and Penguin Islands (South Shetland Archipelago, Antarctica).
56  Peninsula, and obtained the recognition of 'Protected Geographical Indication
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2011 Effect of cultivar and roasting technique on sensory quality of Bierzo roasted pepper.
57  pepsinogen lleveis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
IM (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2008 [Detection of gastric preneoplastic lesions with serum levels of pepsinogen in Chilean subjects].
58  Peptic Gastric Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Peptic activity of gastric juice in chronic gastritis. Morpho-functional aspects].
59  Perceived Guilt Index
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1991 The relationship among guilt, dysphoria, anxiety and obsessions in a normal population--an attempted replication.
60  percentage of germination inhibition
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CWs (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of phytotoxicity of effluents from activated sludge and constructed wetland system for wastewater reuse.
61  percutaneous glycerol injection
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
MVD (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2014 Factors Influencing Decision-making and Outcome in the Surgical Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia.
62  peri-stent graft infection
(1 time)
Blood Circulation
(1 time)
AEF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2012 A case of stent graft infection coupled with aorto-esophageal fistula following thoracic endovascular aortic repair in a complex patient.
63  periganglionic inflammation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2009 Periganglionic inflammation elicits a distally radiating pain hypersensitivity by promoting COX-2 induction in the dorsal root ganglion.
64  Persian Gulf War Illness
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
2005 A Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - related proteome in human cerebrospinal fluid.
65  persisting glucose intolerance
(1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2021 Development of a New Risk Score for Stratification of Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus at High Risk of Persisting Postpartum Glucose Intolerance Using Routinely Assessed Parameters.
66  PG and biglycan
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PGs (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
WKY (1 time)
1992 Proteoglycan synthesis in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rat arteries in vitro.
67  PGI skills
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
DEP (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2022 Personal growth initiative as a buffer against suicide ideation severity in psychotherapy outpatients with depressive symptoms.
68  PGI2-like
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PGE (1 time)
1980 Ventilation-induced release of prostaglandinlike material from fetal lungs.
69  PGII levels were higher in males than in females
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HP (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2021 Serum pepsinogen II levels are doubled with Helicobacter pylori infection in an asymptomatic population of 40,383 Chinese subjects.
70  PGs with a wide skeletal and extraskeletal distribution, biglycan
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
PGs (1 time)
1990 The small proteoglycans of cartilage matrix.
71  PGs, viz. biglycan
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PG (1 time)
PGs (1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
1991 Differential regulation of extracellular matrix proteoglycan (PG) gene expression. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 up-regulates biglycan (PGI), and versican (large fibroblast PG) but down-regulates decorin (PGII) mRNA levels in human fibroblasts in culture.
72  pharmacogenomic information
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PG (1 time)
2013 How pharmacogenomics (PG) are changing practice: implications for prescribers, their patients, and the healthcare system (PG series part I).
73  Pharyngeal dry fresh air insufflation
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
RR (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1998 Respiratory effects of pharingeal gas insufflation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
74  pharyngeal gas insufflation
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
RR (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1998 Respiratory effects of pharingeal gas insufflation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
75  phosphoglucose isomerase reaction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2020 Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Glycolytic Reactions. Part II: Influence of Cytosolic Conditions on Thermodynamic State Variables and Kinetic Parameters.
76  physician's global impression
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
EQ-5D (1 time)
SD 2.3 (1 time)
2015 Overall safety profile and effectiveness of tramadol hydrochloride/acetaminophen in patients with chronic noncancer pain in Japanese real-world practice.
77  physician's global impression of treatment effectiveness
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EQ-5D (1 time)
MCIC (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2016 Estimation of minimal clinically important change of the Japanese version of EQ-5D in patients with chronic noncancer pain: a retrospective research using real-world data.
78  Phytophthora Genome Initiative
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 The phytophthora genome initiative database: informatics and analysis for distributed pathogenomic research.
79  Pinus gene index
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
AIF (1 time)
CBL (1 time)
2013 Transcriptome analysis of Pinus monticola primary needles by RNA-seq provides novel insight into host resistance to Cronartium ribicola.
80  piroglutamate aminopeptidase
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
APB (1 time)
APN (1 time)
Asp-AP (1 time)
2015 Plasma peptidases as prognostic biomarkers in patients with first-episode psychosis.
81  Pistacia integerrima
(1 time)
Plants
(1 time)
--- 2021 Root vacuolar sequestration and suberization are prominent responses of Pistacia spp. rootstocks during salinity stress.
82  plant generation with increased polygalacturonase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RHA (1 time)
2007 Improving retting of fibre through genetic modification of flax to express pectinases.
83  plunger/gas injection group
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
2004 Innovative gas injection technique for closed-hollow obturator.
84  polygenic index
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2022 Polygenic prediction of educational attainment within and between families from genome-wide association analyses in 3 million individuals.
85  population growth index
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
IRO (1 time)
JH (1 time)
2019 Male Selenoprotein F-Like (SPF-L) Influences Female Reproduction and Population Growth in Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae).
86  Porcine Gene Index
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2002 Porcine gene discovery by normalized cDNA-library sequencing and EST cluster assembly.
87  Post Graduate Institute, Chandigarh
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 An evaluation of the effect of atorvastatin on memory and psychomotor functions in hypertensive patients.
88  post-glucose injection
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IGR (1 time)
IGTT (1 time)
2004 The intravenous glucose tolerance test in water buffalo.
89  post-procedural glycemic index
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
2020 Prognostic Significance of Relative Hyperglycemia after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with and without Recognized Diabetes.
90  posterior glottic insufficiency
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
EPCRL (1 time)
2017 Posterior Glottic Insufficiency in Children.
91  postprandial glucose intolerance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IFG (1 time)
2013 [Impaired fasting glucose and postprandial glucose intolerance. The role of immediate family history].
92  posture and gait impairment
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
1995 Effect of age and disease duration on parkinsonian motor scores under levodopa therapy.
93  potential growth index
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
ANOVAs (1 time)
FLAIR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2019 Brain White Matter Hyperintensity Lesion Characterization in T2 Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery Magnetic Resonance Images: Shape, Texture, and Potential Growth.
94  power grid infrastructure
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ECI (1 time)
2020 Energy infrastructure investment and regional inequality: Evidence from China's power grid.
95  primary gonadal insufficiency
(1 time)
Adolescent
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
HDT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2016 Primary Gonadal Insufficiency in Male and Female Childhood Cancer Survivors in a Long-Term Follow-Up Clinic.
96  primary graft infection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AEE (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2002 Abdominal aortic reconstruction in infected fields: early results of the United States cryopreserved aortic allograft registry.
97  primary group involvement
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
PGA (1 time)
2018 A longitudinal study of the comparative efficacy of Women for Sobriety, LifeRing, SMART Recovery, and 12-step groups for those with AUD.
98  Priority Group Index
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2014 The priority group index: a proposed new method incorporating high risk and population burden to identify target populations for public health interventions.
99  proliferative gill disease
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
HSMI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2011 Diseases of farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar associated with infections by the microsporidian Paranucleospora theridion.
100  prolonged glucose infusion
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
EHC (1 time)
2021 Plasma amino acid concentrations during experimental hyperinsulinemia in 2 laminitis models.