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Abbreviation: PIR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
poverty income ratio
(69 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
NHANES (33 times)
OR (10 times)
SES (10 times)
1982 Nutritional status of the elderly in the United States of America, 1971-1974.
postinhibitory rebound
(35 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
DE (4 times)
CPG (3 times)
SFA (3 times)
1974 Motor pattern production in reciprocally inhibitory neurons exhibiting postinhibitory rebound.
Protein Information Resource
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
SIB (11 times)
EBI (10 times)
UniProt (9 times)
1993 Peptide mass maps: a highly informative approach to protein identification.
Protein Identification Resource
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
GCCM (2 times)
PDB (2 times)
SDS (2 times)
1986 The protein identification resource (PIR).
passive infrared
(25 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(12 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2004 Automated measurement of freezing time to contextual and auditory cues in fear conditioning as a simple screening method to assess learning and memory abilities in rats.
piracetam
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
LEV (6 times)
MDA (2 times)
OXI (2 times)
1981 Effects of nootropic drugs on dopaminergic systems in the CNS.
psychological insulin resistance
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
BIT (2 times)
C-ITAS (2 times)
DM (2 times)
2007 Evaluation of inhaled insulin therapy for diabetes mellitus.
piroxicam
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
IND (6 times)
NAP (3 times)
NSAIDs (3 times)
1987 Pharmacological properties of N-methoxy-3-(3,5-ditert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylidene)-2-pyrrolidone (E-5110), a novel nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent.
paired Ig-like receptor
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
Ig (3 times)
CIA (2 times)
LILR (2 times)
1998 Inhibitory and stimulatory functions of paired Ig-like receptor (PIR) family in RBL-2H3 cells.
10  paired immunoglobulin-like receptor
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BCR (2 times)
ILT (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1998 Paired immunoglobulin-like receptor (PIR)-A is involved in activating mast cells through its association with Fc receptor gamma chain.
11  pirenzepine
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ACh (2 times)
CCh (2 times)
CIM (2 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
12  Partners in Recovery
(12 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
SPMI (4 times)
CANSAS (1 time)
PLM (1 time)
2014 Impact of care coordination on Australia's mental health service delivery system.
13  protein interaction reporter
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PLRV (2 times)
CL (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2004 Mass spectrometry identifiable cross-linking strategy for studying protein-protein interactions.
14  Pirin
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
AMLs (1 time)
AP-1 (1 time)
2009 Coordinate control of expression of Nrf2-modulated genes in the human small airway epithelium is highly responsive to cigarette smoking.
15  pyroelectric infrared
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(7 times)
FOV (3 times)
HMMs (2 times)
EM (1 time)
2006 Path-dependent human identification using a pyroelectric infrared sensor and fresnel lens arrays.
16  proportional incidence ratio
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SIR (2 times)
AARs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1989 Cancer incidence among native Americans of western Washington.
17  Pediatric interventional radiology
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CVC (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2006 Image-guided therapy and minimally invasive surgery in children: a merging future.
18  polyisocyanurate
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SW (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
BPPO (1 time)
2016 Influence of suspended particles on the emission of organophosphate flame retardant from insulation boards.
19  partial-interval recording
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
MTS (5 times)
CDR (1 time)
IOA (1 time)
1986 Methods of time sampling: A reappraisal of momentary time sampling and partial interval recording.
20  performance index rating
(5 times)
Physical Fitness
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
MPG (1 time)
2015 Basketball Performance Is Related to Maturity and Relative Age in Elite Adolescent Players.
21  photoplethysmogram intensity ratio
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
BP (5 times)
PTT (5 times)
SBP (3 times)
2015 Continuous Cuffless Blood Pressure Estimation Using Pulse Transit Time and Photoplethysmogram Intensity Ratio.
22  postoperative insulin resistance
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OCH (2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
2006 Preoperative oral carbohydrate administration to ASA III-IV patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery.
23  pre-engraftment immune reaction
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
GVHD (4 times)
CBT (3 times)
ES (3 times)
2005 Early immune reaction after reduced-intensity cord-blood transplantation for adult patients.
24  pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
2014 A retrospective analysis of prevalence and characteristics of pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption in unerupted teeth of the permanent dentition: a multicentre study.
25  primary immune response
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SIR (2 times)
SP (2 times)
DNFB (1 time)
1973 The early primary immune response to absorbed tetanus toxoid in man: A study of the influence of antigen concentration, carrier concentration, and sequence of dosage on the rate, extent, and persistence of the immune response to one and to two doses of toxoid.
26  income-to-poverty ratio
(4 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
NHANES (2 times)
3-PBA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2014 Abdominal adiposity and family income-to-poverty ratio in American women.
27  Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation
(4 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
CPGs (3 times)
WHO (2 times)
2020 Systematic review of clinical practice guidelines for adults with fractures: identification of best evidence for rehabilitation to develop the WHO's Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation.
28  percentage inhibition rate
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
GC-MS (3 times)
EO (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2012 Compositional analysis and insecticidal activity of Eucalyptus globulus (family: Myrtaceae) essential oil against housefly (Musca domestica).
29  peri-infarct region
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FIS (2 times)
GDNF (2 times)
MEMRI (2 times)
2015 Manganese-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging Enables In Vivo Confirmation of Peri-Infarct Restoration Following Stem Cell Therapy in a Porcine Ischemia-Reperfusion Model.
30  phosphorylated insulin receptor interacting region
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PH (2 times)
SH2 (2 times)
FGFR (1 time)
2002 The adapter protein ZIP binds Grb14 and regulates its inhibitory action on insulin signaling by recruiting protein kinase Czeta.
31  plasma inactive renin
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PAR (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
Ang (1 time)
1987 [Increase in plasma levels of active and inactive renin after inhibition of renin activity by SR 42128 in conscious Macaca monkeys].
32  postisometric relaxation
(4 times)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
PNF (2 times)
CV (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2008 Athlete compliance to therapist requested contraction intensity during proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.
33  preabsorptive insulin response
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AMPH (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
GMP (1 time)
1986 Pre- and postabsorptive insulin secretion in chronic decerebrate rats.
34  proportionate injury ratios
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
eCHIRPP (3 times)
ED (2 times)
CHIRPP (1 time)
2013 Injuries in the North--analysis of 20 years of surveillance data collected by the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program.
35  proteasome inhibitor-resistant
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BMSC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
IKK (1 time)
1990 A block at Man5GlcNAc2-pyrophosphoryldolichol in intact but not disrupted castanospermine and swainsonine-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells.
36  parasitic infection rate
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
--- 2009 Mansonella ozzardi in Brazil: prevalence of infection in riverine communities in the Purus region, in the state of Amazonas.
37  pirarubicin
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DOX (2 times)
ACLA (1 time)
DAU (1 time)
2010 An instrument-based screening assay for DNA-targeted anticancer drugs using resonance light scattering.
38  piroximone
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CAD (1 time)
ENO (1 time)
ESPVR (1 time)
1992 Synergistic platelet inhibitory effect of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor piroximone and iloprost.
39  platelet inhibition rate
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
TEG (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
ADP (2 times)
2015 CYP2C19*2 and Other Allelic Variants Affecting Platelet Response to Clopidogrel Tested by Thrombelastography in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome.
40  positive inotropic response
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CHF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
2006 Effects of treatment with a 5-HT4 receptor antagonist in heart failure.
41  post-infarct remodeling
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI/R (1 time)
Cav-3 (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2011 Telmisartan attenuates isoproterenol-induced cardiac remodeling in rats via regulation of cardiac adiponectin expression.
42  poverty ratio
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
NHANES (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2021 Nutrient and Food Group Intakes among U.S. Children (2-5 Years) Differ by Family Income to Poverty Ratio, NHANES 2011-2018.
43  PPG intensity ratio
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BP (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
PPG (2 times)
2018 Cuffless Blood Pressure Estimation Using Pulse Transit Time and Photoplethysmogram Intensity Ratio.
44  practice injury rate
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
GIR (3 times)
AHs (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Injuries in a Japanese Division I collegiate american football team: a 3-season prospective study.
45  Pregnancy-induced rhinitis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
--- 2013 Pregnancy-induced rhinitis.
46  Prior iterative reconstruction
(3 times)
Abdomen
(2 times)
DE (1 time)
FOM (1 time)
2019 Reducing radiation dose for multi-phase contrast-enhanced dual energy renal CT: pilot study evaluating prior iterative reconstruction.
47  proinsulin-to-insulin ratio
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
alpha-GIs (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DPP-4 (1 time)
2007 Proinsulin:insulin and insulin:glucose ratios as predictors of carotid plaque growth: a population-based 7 year follow-up of the Tromso Study.
48  proportional impairment ratio
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AHs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
H1R (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of efficacy and sedative profiles of H(1) antihistamines by large-scale surveillance using the visual analogue scale (VAS).
49  public involvement in research
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
--- 2015 Public involvement in research within care homes: benefits and challenges in the APPROACH study.
50  PWWP interacting regions
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CDK (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
2010 Regulation of translesion synthesis DNA polymerase eta by monoubiquitination.
51  parametric iterative reconstruction
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HF (1 time)
OSEM (1 time)
1997 The direct calculation of parametric images from dynamic PET data using maximum-likelihood iterative reconstruction.
52  partially inverted repeat
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CNM (1 time)
2006 The intragenomic polymorphism of a partially inverted repeat (PIR) in Gallus gallus domesticus, potential role of inverted repeats in satellite DNAs evolution.
53  particle inhalation rate
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BPRHS (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
MRV (1 time)
2018 Longitudinal associations of long-term exposure to ultrafine particles with blood pressure and systemic inflammation in Puerto Rican adults.
54  patient-initiated refusal
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
EMS (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
NC (1 time)
1994 Patient-initiated refusals of prehospital care: ambulance call report documentation, patient outcome, and on-line medical command.
55  patient-to-intensivist ratio
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ANZ (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2017 Association of Intensive Care Unit Patient-to-Intensivist Ratios With Hospital Mortality.
56  patients in recovery
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2008 The patients in recovery (PIR) perspective: teaching physicians about methamphetamine.
57  Pelvic Injury Register
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
TR (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2012 Acute management and outcome of multiple trauma patients with pelvic disruptions.
58  peripheral immune response
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TIA (2 times)
WBC (1 time)
2014 Peripheral immune response and infection in first-time and recurrent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.
59  peritumoral inflammatory reaction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DRIR (1 time)
2006 Detection of lymphatic invasion in early stage primary colorectal cancer with the monoclonal antibody D2-40.
60  piribedil
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BUS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1987 Discriminative stimulus properties of D1 and D2 dopamine agonists in rats.
61  placental inflammatory response
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRP (2 times)
NLR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Assessment of predictive markers for placental inflammatory response in preterm births.
62  Plasmodium-interspersed repeat
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
pir (1 time)
2016 Characterization of the Plasmodium Interspersed Repeats (PIR) proteins of Plasmodium chabaudi indicates functional diversity.
63  policy and implementation research
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Transforming Global Health by Improving the Science of Scale-Up.
64  poor immunological responder
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
rhIL-7 (1 time)
2018 HIV reservoir dynamics in HAART-treated poor immunological responder patients under IL-7 therapy.
65  post-integration repair
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
ATM (1 time)
DSB (1 time)
NBS1 (1 time)
2008 Evidence that the Nijmegen breakage syndrome protein, an early sensor of double-strand DNA breaks (DSB), is involved in HIV-1 post-integration repair by recruiting the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated kinase in a process similar to, but distinct from, cellular DSB repair.
66  PR inhibitor-resistant
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AME (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Resistance to therapy caused by intragenic deletion in BRCA2.
67  practice immunization rates
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PROS (1 time)
VFC (1 time)
2002 Practitioner policies and beliefs and practice immunization rates: a study from Pediatric Research in Office Settings and the National Medical Association.
68  pregestational insulin resistance
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
2014 Assessment of pregestational insulin resistance as a risk factor of preeclampsia.
69  preignition reaction
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PTFE (2 times)
EMs (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2016 Probing the Reaction Mechanism of Aluminum/Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Composites.
70  pressure increase rate
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ME (2 times)
1998 Middle ear pressure variations during 50% N2O anesthesia as a function of mastoid pneumatization.
71  Private information retrieval
(2 times)
Entropy
(2 times)
QKD (1 time)
SPIR (1 time)
2021 Provably Secure Symmetric Private Information Retrieval with Quantum Cryptography.
72  prospective individualized reimbursement
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
1986 Comparison of two prospective rate-setting models: the DRG and PIR models.
73  protein sequence databank
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Protein fragment variability analysis and some principles of protein engineering of vaccines.
74  (DAP)-piracetam
(1 time)
Crystallography
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
TEO (1 time)
2017 Crystal structure of pharmaceutical cocrystals of 2,6-diaminopyridine with piracetam and theophylline.
75  ACR-Pediatric Imaging Research
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 White Paper on P4 Concepts for Pediatric Imaging.
76  murine-paired Ig-like receptor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Paired Ig-like receptors bind to bacteria and shape TLR-mediated cytokine production.
77  P. emblica I/R
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2015 Protective effects of Phyllanthus emblica against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury: the role of PI3-kinase/glycogen synthase kinase 3beta/beta-catenin pathway.
78  paediatric IR
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Use of digital dosemeters for supporting staff radiation safety in paediatric interventional radiology suites.
79  pain improvement rates
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
OFP (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2021 The Impact of Expectation for Pain Relief on Orofacial Pain Treatment Outcomes.
80  pain intensity rating
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Cor (1 time)
ith (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
2000 Intrathecal injection of corticotropin inhibited nitric-oxide synthase-positive neuron increase in rat spinal cord after formalin-induced hyperalgesia.
81  pancreatic ischemia and reperfusion
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
PCBAL (1 time)
2018 Niacin Pretreatment Attenuates Ischemia and Reperfusion of Pancreas-induced Acute Pancreatitis and Remote Lung Injury Through Suppressing Oxidative Stress and Inflammation and Activation of SIRT1.
82  paradoxical immunologic response
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HAART (1 time)
2011 Factors associated with paradoxical immune response to antiretroviral therapy in HIV infected patients: a case control study.
83  paraffin immunoreactivity
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
Bcl (1 time)
FCCL (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2001 Paraffin immunoreactivity of CD10, CDw75, and Bcl-6 in follicle center cell lymphoma.
84  parallel-to-interface-refraction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Light trapping and near-unity solar absorption in a three-dimensional photonic-crystal.
85  Parasitological incidence rates
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HPIR (1 time)
MMIR (1 time)
PHP (1 time)
1993 [Development of a simple and reliable method for estimating malaria morbidity according to the modified Muench model].
86  partial inferior rupture
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
T2-GEI (1 time)
1992 [Contribution of gradient-echo MRI in the study of subacromial pathology: correlation between surgery and arthrography].
87  partial internal reflection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2006 Analysis of Gibbs monolayer adsorbed at the toluene/water interface by UV-visible partial internal reflection spectrometry.
88  passive infrared sensor setting
(1 time)
--- 2019 Improving Terrestrial Squamate Surveys with Camera-Trap Programming and Hardware Modifications.
89  passive infrared sensors
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
MAG (1 time)
2021 Acceptance and Preferences of Using Ambient Sensor-Based Lifelogging Technologies in Home Environments.
90  Passive Intermediate Relay
(1 time)
BAN (1 time)
2021 Wireless Qi-powered, Multinodal and Multisensory Body Area Network for Mobile Health.
91  passive internal rotation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
AFE (1 time)
RCR (1 time)
2009 Range of motion limitation after rotator cuff repair.
92  patellar instability ratio
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
NPV (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2015 Individualizing the Tibial Tubercle-Trochlear Groove Distance: Patellar Instability Ratios That Predict Recurrent Instability.
93  Pediatric intestinal rehabilitation
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2020 National Survey of Pediatric Intestinal Rehabilitation Programs in the United States.
94  Pediatric-inspired regimens
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2020 Comparison of Two Pediatric-Inspired Regimens to Hyper-CVAD in Hispanic Adolescents and Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
95  Peer Interpersonal Relatedness
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
HLM (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2014 Randomized controlled trial of a friendship skills intervention on adolescent depressive symptoms.
96  Pegylated interferon
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2021 Comparative safety and efficacy of conventional interferon versus pegylated-interferon based therapy for HCV: A retrospective cohort study from Gujranwala, Pakistan.
97  pegylated interferon-ribavirin
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2021 Declining incidence of hepatitis C related hepatocellular carcinoma in the era of interferon-free therapies: A population-based cohort study.
98  pelvic irradiation
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
RSCs (1 time)
2021 Radiation-induced toxicity in rectal epithelial stem cell contributes to acute radiation injury in rectum.
99  pentagon isolation rule
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Bond order bond polarizability model for fullerene cages and nanotubes.
100  percentage of IOP reduction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CEN (1 time)
2022 Histological analysis of trabeculotomy - An investigation on the intraocular pressure lowering mechanism.