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Abbreviation: PIV
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
particle image velocimetry
(620 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(158 times)
CFD (99 times)
WSS (16 times)
PLIF (10 times)
1991 Fluorescent particle image velocimetry: application to flow measurement in refractive index-matched porous media.
parainfluenza virus
(222 times)
Communicable Diseases
(45 times)
RSV (134 times)
AdV (46 times)
hMPV (45 times)
1985 A serologic epidemiological study of parainfluenza 1, 2, and 3 viruses in beef cattle and calves in Illinois.
peripheral intravenous
(114 times)
Nursing
(36 times)
CI (8 times)
CVC (8 times)
ED (7 times)
1996 Peripheral intravenous lines: time in situ related to complications.
pulsatility index for veins
(47 times)
Obstetrics
(35 times)
DV (20 times)
NT (9 times)
PVIV (8 times)
1994 Reference ranges for fetal venous and atrioventricular blood flow parameters.
pressure-induced vasodilation
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ACh (2 times)
LDF (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2000 Mechanisms of the cutaneous vasodilator response to local external pressure application in rats: involvement of CGRP, neurokinins, prostaglandins and NO.
posterior interventricular vein
(14 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CS (9 times)
LMV (8 times)
AIV (7 times)
1996 Functional dominance of the right coronary artery: incidence in the human heart.
prescription isodose volume
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
PTV (5 times)
SRS (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2004 A challenge to traditional radiation oncology.
purified inactivated virus
(11 times)
Virology
(3 times)
LAV (3 times)
ZIKV (3 times)
DEN (2 times)
1996 Development of a purified, inactivated, dengue-2 virus vaccine prototype in Vero cells: immunogenicity and protection in mice and rhesus monkeys.
Pan-Immune-Inflammation Value
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OS (4 times)
MLR (3 times)
NLR (3 times)
2020 The Pan-Immune-Inflammation Value is a new prognostic biomarker in metastatic colorectal cancer: results from a pooled-analysis of the Valentino and TRIBE first-line trials.
10  predictive index value
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PCI (4 times)
PDS (4 times)
AEOC (3 times)
2014 Influence of intraperitoneal dissemination assessed by laparoscopy on prognosis of advanced ovarian cancer: an exploratory analysis of a single-institution experience.
11  protease IV
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IL-22 (2 times)
QS (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2005 Pseudomonas aeruginosa protease IV: a corneal virulence factor of low immunogenicity.
12  peak integral value of carotid sinus nerve discharge
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PS (5 times)
FCCB (4 times)
CBA (3 times)
2001 [Effects of endothelin on carotid baroreceptor activity in anesthetized rats].
13  penile inversion vaginoplasty
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ERAS (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of BMI as a Risk Factor for Complications following Gender-affirming Penile Inversion Vaginoplasty.
14  particle image velocimetry system
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
Df (1 time)
Re (1 time)
2005 Physical enviroment of 2-D animal cell aggregates formed in a short pathlength ultrasound standing wave trap.
15  peak integral value
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PS (3 times)
SP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
1994 [Effects of atrial natriuretic peptide on aortic baroreceptor activity in rats].
16  peripheral IV catheter
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
PICCs (1 time)
U/S (1 time)
2004 Peripherally inserted central catheters: a randomized, controlled, prospective trial in pediatric surgical patients.
17  personal identity verification
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
BSL (1 time)
DST (1 time)
2008 Personal identity verification for regional emergency workers.
18  phase I vaccine
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
MHC-I (1 time)
PII-V (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2007 Mechanisms of vaccine-induced protective immunity against Coxiella burnetii infection in BALB/c mice.
19  PI for veins
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
DV (3 times)
PI (3 times)
MCA (2 times)
2013 Influence of fetal acidemia on fetal heart rate analyzed by computerized cardiotocography in pregnancies with placental insufficiency.
20  pivmecillinam
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LUTIW (1 time)
NOR (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2006 Microflora changes with norfloxacin and pivmecillinam in women with recurrent urinary tract infection.
21  powered industrial vehicle
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
AFF (1 time)
BLS (1 time)
NIOSH's (1 time)
1999 Fatal occupational injuries associated with forklifts, United States, 1980-1994.
22  priming in vitro
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SEA (2 times)
DC (1 time)
IL-12 (1 time)
2004 Characterization of the early cellular immune response to Leishmania major using peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Leishmania-naive humans.
23  pandemic influenza vaccine
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TIV (2 times)
VE (2 times)
ARTI (1 time)
2011 Effectiveness of trivalent and pandemic influenza vaccines in England and Wales 2008-2010: results from a cohort study in general practice.
24  peak inflow velocity
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MPR (2 times)
AVSD (1 time)
LAVV (1 time)
2014 Characterization and improved quantification of left ventricular inflow using streamline visualization with 4DFlow MRI in healthy controls and patients after atrioventricular septal defect correction.
25  peripheral intravascular
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2011 Factors influencing nurses' decision-making process on leaving in the peripheral intravascular catheter after 96 hours: a longitudinal study.
26  peripheral IVs
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
DIVA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
2019 A randomized trial of ultrasound-guided peripheral IV catheter placement in difficult access patients using a guidewire approach.
27  pivalic acid
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
SMM (1 time)
TCA (1 time)
1996 Induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation and P-450 4A-dependent activities by pivalic and trichloroacetic acid in rat liver and kidney.
28  promoter IV
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IRF-1 (1 time)
pIII (1 time)
2002 Analysis of the sequence polymorphism within class II transactivator gene promoters.
29  pseudoinfectious virus
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
prM (1 time)
VEEV (1 time)
2012 Pseudoinfectious Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus: a new means of alphavirus attenuation.
30  pulmonary intravascular volume
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DLW (1 time)
ILuP (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
1988 Muscarinic regulation of pulmonary intravascular volume in isolated canine lungs.
31  pulse interval variability
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ApEn (1 time)
CA (1 time)
PMV (1 time)
2000 A new device for evaluating autonomic nervous activity of cardiovascular system.
32  laparoscopic index value
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Should laparoscopy be included in the work-up of advanced ovarian cancer patients attempting interval debulking surgery?
33  painting with varnish
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAV (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2013 Chromatic changes to artificial irises produced using different techniques.
34  Parainfluenza virus infections
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 [Detection of parainfluenza virus in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients in a tertiary hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil].
35  particle image velocimetry approaches using a standard
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
PC-MRI (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2018 Comparison of intracranial aneurysm flow quantification techniques: standard PIV vs stereoscopic PIV vs tomographic PIV vs phase-contrast MRI vs CFD.
36  PDMS substrates were experimentally studied using microparticle image velocimetry
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PBS (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2020 Investigating the Effect of Antibody-Antigen Reactions on the Internal Convection in a Sessile Droplet via Microparticle Image Velocimetry and DLVO Analysis.
37  peak inspiratory volume
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
HLM (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2020 Virtual patients for mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit.
38  peak into grated value
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
IANA (1 time)
IAP (1 time)
1995 [Vasopressin facilitates aortic baroreceptor activity in the rat].
39  Pediatric inflammatory vulvitis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Clinical effectiveness of a special silk textile in the treatment of recurrent pediatric inflammatory vulvitis: an open label pilot study.
40  perceived intensity of vibration
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
M-TMD (1 time)
MVCF (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2013 Experimental tooth clenching. A model for studying mechanisms of muscle pain.
41  percent irradiated volumes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLD (1 time)
DRRs (1 time)
DVH (1 time)
1998 Lung and heart dose volume analyses with CT simulator in radiation treatment of breast cancer.
42  percentage increase in flow velocity
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BHI (1 time)
CVR (1 time)
TDU (1 time)
2006 [Normal values of cerebral vasomotor reactivity using the Breath-Holding Test].
43  perfusion index value
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
D-ROI (1 time)
N-ROI (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2000 Use of technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime SPET for the study of cerebral blood flow reactivity after acetazolamide infusion in patients with Behcet's disease.
44  peripheral i.v. line
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2019 Safety of Peripheral Line Administration of 3% Hypertonic Saline and Mannitol in the Emergency Department.
45  peripherally inserted vascular
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2013 Increasing nurse competence in peripheral intravenous therapy.
46  perturbing influence value
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
SVM (1 time)
2009 Methods for labeling error detection in microarrays based on the effect of data perturbation on the regression model.
47  pharyngeal-intestinal valve
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IJ (1 time)
SR1 (1 time)
2013 Previously unrecognized stages of species-specific colonization in the mutualism between Xenorhabdus bacteria and Steinernema nematodes.
48  photo-induced voltage
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SPP (1 time)
2012 Surface plasmon drag effect in a dielectrically modulated metallic thin film.
49  pilin gene invertase
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
REP (1 time)
2003 A novel IS element, IS621, of the IS110/IS492 family transposes to a specific site in repetitive extragenic palindromic sequences in Escherichia coli.
50  pivalate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HEM (1 time)
NP (1 time)
TEA (1 time)
1999 Mechanistic aspects of iontophoresis in human epidermal membrane.
51  PIVdiff
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
FHR (2 times)
PVIV (2 times)
DV (1 time)
2011 Reproducibility of fetal ductus venosus blood flow velocity waveforms during first stage of labor.
52  pivots
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ESL (1 time)
MUF (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2015 The physical demands of Super League rugby: Experiences of a newly promoted franchise.
53  polychoric instrumental variable
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
IVs (1 time)
2018 Selecting polychoric instrumental variables in confirmatory factor analysis: An alternative specification test and effects of instrumental variables.
54  polychoric instrumental variable estimator
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
DWLS (1 time)
ULS (1 time)
2012 A Monte Carlo study comparing PIV, ULS and DWLS in the estimation of dichotomous confirmatory factor analysis.
55  polyoligodactyly/imperforate anus/vertebral anomalies
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1994 A patient with facial abnormality, imperforate anus, tetrapolyhypodactyly and meningocele: a variable manifestation of the polyoligodactyly/imperforate anus/vertebral anomalies syndrome.
56  ponds inner vellage
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
LOI (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2010 [Studies on nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter in ponds around Chaohu Lake].
57  Portal image verification
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2003 [PIV: a computer-aided portal image verification system].
58  Positive Individually Ventilated system
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
CoP (1 time)
1995 A positive, individually ventilated caging system: a local barrier system to protect both animals and personnel.
59  post-initial vaccination
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CDV (1 time)
2020 TIGER (PANTHERA TIGRIS) AND DOMESTIC CAT (FELIS CATUS) IMMUNE RESPONSES TO CANARYPOX-VECTORED CANINE DISTEMPER VACCINATION.
60  post-treatment infarct volume
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2020 Discrepancy between post-treatment infarct volume and 90-day outcome in the ESCAPE randomized controlled trial.
61  posterior interosseous vessels
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
VUPPF (1 time)
2017 Vascularized ulnar periosteal pedicled flap for forearm reconstruction: Anatomical study and a case report.
62  posterior intraventricular branch of the right coronary artery
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2009 Collagen content contributes to arterial narrowing in human atherosclerotic plaques.
63  potentially infectious reovirus
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Protamine precipitation of two reovirus particle types from polluted waters.
64  predicted infarct core volume
(1 time)
Stroke
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
CBV (1 time)
2015 Acute Multi-modal Neuroimaging in a Porcine Model of Endothelin-1-Induced Cerebral Ischemia: Defining the Acute Infarct Core.
65  preservative-including
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ISR (1 time)
PFV (1 time)
PUV (1 time)
2007 Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) in children <2 years of age: examination of selected adverse events reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) after thimerosal-free or thimerosal-containing vaccine.
66  pressurized intraventilated
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
2012 Mouse housing system using pressurized cages intraventilated by direct-current microfans.
67  Pressurometer IV
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
1989 A comparison of two ambulatory blood pressure monitors, the Del Mar Avionics Pressurometer IV and the Spacelabs 90202.
68  profit index value
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GBR (1 time)
IRL (1 time)
ITA (1 time)
2009 Short communication: genetic relationships between the Holstein cow populations of three European dairy countries.
69  promoter, the native IFN-gamma inducible CIITA type IV promoter
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2005 DNA immunization using a non-viral promoter.
70  propose a diagram, DPZ, obtained from the intraventricular pressure
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
DPV (1 time)
1986 Left intraventricular pressure-impedance diagrams (DPZ) to assess cardiac function. Part I: morphology and potential sources of artifacts.
71  protection against NMI challenge as the formalin-inactivated NMI vaccine
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
NMI (1 time)
NMII (1 time)
2021 The Feasibility of Using Coxiella burnetii Avirulent Nine Mile Phase II Viable Bacteria as a Live Attenuated Vaccine Against Q fever.
72  protective response to local pressure
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
2006 Neuroendocrine pathway involvement in the loss of the cutaneous pressure-induced vasodilatation during acute pain in rats.
73  pseudo-intensity vector
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DOA (1 time)
SH (1 time)
SHBs (1 time)
2020 An order-aware scheme for robust direction of arrival estimation in the spherical harmonic domain.
74  pulsatility index of maximal flow velocity
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
1994 Clinical application of pulsatility index of flow volume to detect the hemodynamic changes in IUGR fetus.
75  pulse IV
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FIV (1 time)
2020 Effect of Ga composition on mobility in a-InGaZnO thin-film transistors.
76  Pulsed I-V
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
FETs (1 time)
2017 Accurate extraction of WSe2 FETs parameters by using pulsed I-V method at various temperatures.
77  pure ictal vocalization
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CPS (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2009 Ictal vocalizations occur more often in temporal lobe epilepsy with dominant (left-sided) epileptogenic zone.
78  Pythium insidiosum-vaccine formulation
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Th2 (1 time)
2003 An improved Pythium insidiosum-vaccine formulation with enhanced immunotherapeutic properties in horses and dogs with pythiosis.
79  technique-Particle Image Velocimetry
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PBC (1 time)
2017 Collective cell migration has distinct directionality and speed dynamics.