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Abbreviation: PIs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
protease inhibitors
(1554 times)
Drug Therapy
(247 times)
NNRTIs (260 times)
NRTIs (218 times)
HIV (153 times)
1987 Potential role of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A in human reproduction.
phosphoinositides
(143 times)
Cell Biology
(34 times)
PtdIns (17 times)
PM (5 times)
PX (5 times)
1988 Effects of osmolality on phosphoinositide hydrolysis in renal medulla.
pressure injuries
(125 times)
Nursing
(60 times)
CI (8 times)
ICU (8 times)
SCI (8 times)
2014 Pressure injury can occur in patients undergoing prolonged head and neck surgery.
principal investigators
(117 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
NIH (19 times)
IRBs (4 times)
CBPR (3 times)
1990 Percentage of principal investigators (PIs) competing for NIH grants that are funded.
prediction intervals
(74 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(14 times)
CIs (15 times)
RCTs (6 times)
CI (4 times)
1999 COLIPA validation project on in vitro eye irritation tests for cosmetic ingredients and finished products (phase I): the red blood cell test for the estimation of acute eye irritation potentials. Present status.
pulsatility indices
(51 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
MCA (15 times)
UA (13 times)
RIs (9 times)
1992 Color Doppler flow as an indicator of trophoblastic activity in tubal pregnancies detected by transvaginal ultrasound.
phosphatidylinositols
(49 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
PCs (23 times)
PEs (18 times)
PSs (14 times)
2001 Essential components of antimicrobial gastrointestinal epithelial barrier: specific interaction of mucin with an integral apical membrane protein of gastric mucosa.
plant introductions
(44 times)
Genetics
(13 times)
QTL (4 times)
GWAS (3 times)
SCN (3 times)
1991 The occurrence and frequency of 2n pollen in 2x, 4x, and 6x wild, tuber-bearing Solanum species from Mexico, and Central and South America.
performance indicators
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
KPIs (5 times)
WWTP (4 times)
AF (2 times)
1991 The application of performance indicators to nurse education (Part 1).
10  polyimides
(40 times)
Polymers
(7 times)
PAA (4 times)
Tg (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2008 Introducing porosity into polyimide nanoparticles.
11  pharmacist interventions
(28 times)
Pharmacy
(9 times)
DRPs (6 times)
MOs (3 times)
CLEO (2 times)
2012 Prescriptions analysis by clinical pharmacists in the post-operative period: a 4-year prospective study.
12  package inserts
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
FDA (6 times)
PILs (2 times)
PMDA (2 times)
2003 Quality of life terminology included in package inserts for US approved medications.
13  photoinitiators
(27 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
ACIs (4 times)
BzPs (4 times)
TXs (4 times)
2008 Development of a method to study the migration of six photoinitiators into powdered milk.
14  Pacific Islanders
(21 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
CBPR (2 times)
OR (2 times)
API (1 time)
2004 Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in Pacific Islanders--Hawaii, 2001-2003.
15  peptidase inhibitors
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HIV (4 times)
Dyn (2 times)
i.t.v (2 times)
1994 Effects of a mixture of peptidase inhibitors (amastatin, captopril and phosphoramidon) on Met-enkephalin-, beta-endorphin-, dynorphin-(1-13)- and electroacupuncture-induced antinociception in rats.
16  pharmaceutical interventions
(16 times)
Pharmacy
(5 times)
DRPs (4 times)
NPIs (3 times)
BCIs (1 time)
2013 Active ingredients are reported more often for pharmacologic than non-pharmacologic interventions: an illustrative review of reporting practices in titles and abstracts.
17  pancreatic islets
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
MRI (3 times)
BMCs (2 times)
BN (2 times)
2002 Treatment of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus by transplantation of islet cells plus bone marrow cells via portal vein in rats.
18  percutaneous injuries
(14 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
HCWs (4 times)
EPINet (3 times)
HIV (2 times)
1996 Percutaneous injuries in anesthesia personnel.
19  proliferation indices
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EFS (3 times)
MKI (3 times)
OS (3 times)
1992 Cytogenetic studies of workers from the rubber industry.
20  PR inhibitors
(13 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
PR (12 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
RT (3 times)
2000 Polymorphism of HIV type 1 gag p7/p1 and p1/p6 cleavage sites: clinical significance and implications for resistance to protease inhibitors.
21  patient instructors
(12 times)
Education
(9 times)
ACIR (2 times)
CC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1980 Patient instructors as teachers and evaluators.
22  prognostic indices
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
OS (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
BCS (2 times)
2009 Prognostic indices for Budd-Chiari syndrome: valid for clinical studies but insufficient for individual management.
23  Pituitary incidentalomas
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
NFPAs (2 times)
AH (1 time)
BEPTs (1 time)
2011 Pituitary incidentalomas: a single-centre experience.
24  proliferative indices
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AI, MI (1 time)
AN (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1992 Pituitary adenoma proliferative indices and risk of recurrence.
25  HIV-protease inhibitors
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HIV (2 times)
NNRTIs (2 times)
CIN (1 time)
2004 High-performance liquid chromatography assay for the quantification of HIV protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in human plasma.
26  psychosocial interventions
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CAD (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2019 Psychosocial Interventions for Community-Dwelling People Following Diagnosis of Mild to Moderate Dementia: Findings of a Systematic Scoping Review.
27  pancreatic incidentalomas
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
FNA (1 time)
IPAS (1 time)
2006 Periampullary and pancreatic incidentaloma: a single institution's experience with an increasingly common diagnosis.
28  precipitation inhibitors
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
HPMC (3 times)
SD (2 times)
APIs (1 time)
2014 Poloxamer-based curcumin solid dispersions for ex tempore preparation of supersaturated solutions intended for antimicrobial photodynamic therapy.
29  preparatory intervals
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
RTs (2 times)
COE (1 time)
EMG-RTs (1 time)
1979 "Mental set" in controls, postalcoholics, chronic schizophrenics, and "organics".
30  primary insomnia
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
GSs (5 times)
DMN (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2007 Discrepancy between subjective symptomatology and objective neuropsychological performance in insomnia.
31  pseudoislets
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
iECs (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2010 Pseudoislets in stirred-suspension culture exhibit enhanced cell survival, propagation and insulin secretion.
32  panoramic images
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CCAPs (2 times)
MI (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2016 Meaningful correlation between asymptomatic retinal arteriole emboli and calcified carotid plaque found on panoramic dental imaging of males with diabetes.
33  pathogenicity islands
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
AMR (1 time)
HGT (1 time)
ICEs (1 time)
2001 Type III secretion systems and pathogenicity islands.
34  premature infants
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AI-CNN (1 time)
asPDA (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2012 Immunogenicity, safety and tolerability of vaccinations in premature infants.
35  preterm infants
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
cED (1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
2006 Cumulative effective doses delivered by radiographs to preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit.
36  primary investigators
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
NIH (4 times)
OM (1 time)
2013 The association between scholarly impact and National Institutes of Health funding in ophthalmology.
37  pulmonary infiltrates
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
CT (2 times)
GGO (2 times)
2001 Pulmonary infiltrates in HIV-infected patients in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era in Spain.
38  pulsing intervals
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MCE (2 times)
IS (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2000 Assessment of coronary stenosis severity and transmural perfusion gradient by myocardial contrast echocardiography: comparison of gray-scale B-mode with power Doppler imaging.
39  perinatal infants
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BDs (3 times)
TOP (2 times)
APC (1 time)
2017 Perinatal outcomes and congenital heart defect prognosis in 53313 non-selected perinatal infants.
40  plaque indices
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAT (1 time)
FM (1 time)
GBI (1 time)
2002 Testing the efficacy of 2 prototype brush heads for a powered toothbrush: refining the model.
41  Platelet indices
(4 times)
Inflammation
(1 time)
CRP (4 times)
MPV (4 times)
PDW (4 times)
2017 Is there clinical value in counting nucleated red blood cells and platelet indices in primary immunodeficiency disease?
42  polyisoprenols
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PC (2 times)
PIRS (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1984 Chemical synthesis and 2H NMR investigations of polyisoprenols: dynamics in model membranes.
43  portal images
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
SD (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2006 Target motion variability and on-line positioning accuracy during external-beam radiation therapy of prostate cancer with an endorectal balloon device.
44  postoperative infections
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ABT (1 time)
DSWIs (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
1994 Surveillance of postoperative infections in thoracic surgery.
45  primary isolates
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
TCLA (2 times)
Env (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2001 Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
46  protective indices
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
AED (1 time)
BIs (1 time)
2005 Pharmacodynamic and/or pharmacokinetic characteristics of interactions between loreclezole and four conventional antiepileptic drugs in pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in mice: an isobolographic analysis.
47  Protective indices
(4 times)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
AEDs (2 times)
BIs (2 times)
FBM (2 times)
2005 Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic interaction studies of loreclezole with felbamate, lamotrigine, topiramate, and oxcarbazepine in the mouse maximal electroshock seizure model.
48  pulmonary infections
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AIs (1 time)
AZA (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
2011 Deciphering the clinical impact of acute human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infections.
49  passive interventions
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AIs (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
2020 Using Social Network Sites to Boost Savoring: Positive Effects on Positive Emotions.
50  perfusion indices
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
VOIs (2 times)
2012 High-resolution micro-SPECT to evaluate the regional brain perfusion in the adult Beagle dog.
51  permanent incisors
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FPMs (2 times)
MIH (2 times)
CIPO (1 time)
2013 Distribution and severity of molar hypomineralisation: trial of a new severity index.
52  phonated intervals
(3 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
FICs (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
PWS (1 time)
2002 Evaluation of a stuttering treatment based on reduction of short phonation intervals.
53  phototoxic indexes
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PDT (2 times)
PSs (1 time)
2015 Phototoxic Activity and DNA Interactions of Water-Soluble Porphyrins and Their Rhenium(I) Conjugates.
54  pilus islands
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GBS (2 times)
STs (2 times)
CCs (1 time)
2014 Pilus distribution among lineages of group b streptococcus: an evolutionary and clinical perspective.
55  pregnanolone isomers
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
P5alpha (1 time)
PregS (1 time)
2005 Reinstatement of serum pregnanolone isomers and progesterone during alcohol detoxification therapy in premenopausal women.
56  product ions
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
MRM (2 times)
CIL (1 time)
CP-thiol (1 time)
2019 Determination of residual organophosphorus thioester pesticides in agricultural products by chemical isotope-labelling liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry coupled with in-syringe dispersive solid phase clean-up and in situ cleavage.
57  protease inhibitor drugs
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
COA-FS (1 time)
CYP3A4 (1 time)
EGA (1 time)
2000 Protease inhibitor therapy and bleeding.
58  protein isolates
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EAAs (1 time)
IVPD (1 time)
MWs (1 time)
2020 Physicochemical and Sensorial Evaluation of Meat Analogues Produced from Dry-Fractionated Pea and Oat Proteins.
59  pacing intervals
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CV (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2018 Structural remodeling and conduction velocity dynamics in the human left atrium: Relationship with reentrant mechanisms sustaining atrial fibrillation.
60  paternity indices
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
POAs (1 time)
POC (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2008 Performance of the SNPforID 52 SNP-plex assay in paternity testing.
61  path integrals
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
KIEs (1 time)
2008 Distribution of the paths of early-arriving photons traversing a turbid medium.
62  pathway inhibitors
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CIT (2 times)
CLL (2 times)
2018 High-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the era of pathway inhibitors: integrating molecular and cellular therapies.
63  penetration indices
(2 times)
Aerosols
(1 time)
aROI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MMAD (1 time)
2001 Aerosol deposition and clearance measurement: a novel technique using dynamic SPET.
64  performance indices
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Dual-IT2FLL (1 time)
HHO (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2015 Influence of cavity loss on an extrinsic Fabry-Perot cavity intensity-based pressure sensor.
65  pericentric inversions
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
PGD (1 time)
1995 Pericentric inversions of chromosome 4: report of a new family and review of the literature.
66  persistent infections
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
HR-HPV (1 time)
1986 Persistent infection of a temperature-sensitive G31 vesicular stomatitis virus mutant in neural and nonneural cells: biological and virological characteristics.
67  pharmacy interns
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PAP (1 time)
SSIs (1 time)
2011 Compliance with antithrombotic guidelines in surgery patients in German hospitals: a multicenter study involving pharmacy interns.
68  phototherapeutic indices
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PDT (1 time)
Phi p (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2019 Heteroleptic Ir(III)N6 Complexes with Long-Lived Triplet Excited States and in Vitro Photobiological Activities.
69  pilus islets
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
PI-1 (1 time)
PI-2 (1 time)
2008 A second pilus type in Streptococcus pneumoniae is prevalent in emerging serotypes and mediates adhesion to host cells.
70  platelet inhibitors
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ACs (1 time)
2021 The effect of anti-thrombotics on the postoperative bleeding rate in patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor.
71  pontine infarctions
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
AHA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2016 Voxel-based Histographic Analysis of the Basilar Artery in Patients with Isolated Pontine Infarction.
72  primary immunodeficiencies
(2 times)
Clinical Protocols
(1 time)
AINFs (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
2017 Children with lymphadenitis associated with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination do not experience more infections when compared with BCG-vaccinated children without lymphadenitis: a three years paired-cohort in Mexico.
73  process indicators
(2 times)
Palliative Care
(1 time)
CEAs (1 time)
HPCU (1 time)
QbD (1 time)
2015 Assessment of a Hospital Palliative Care Unit (HPCU) for Cancer Patients; A Conceptual Framework.
74  Prognostic indices
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2014 Residual proliferative cancer burden to predict long-term outcome following neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
75  prosthetic infections
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
CSLM (1 time)
HA (1 time)
TCP (1 time)
2016 Biofilm prevention of gram-negative bacterial pathogens involved in periprosthetic infection by antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate beads in vitro.
76  proxy indicators
(2 times)
Drug Resistance, Microbial
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
2020 Proxy indicators to estimate appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions by general practitioners: a proof-of-concept cross-sectional study based on reimbursement data, north-eastern France 2017.
77  psychoeducational interventions
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
PRISMA (1 time)
2017 Psychoeducational interventions in adolescent depression: A systematic review.
78  purchase intentions
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
FIRP (1 time)
NPPRP (1 time)
2021 Determinants of Intention to Purchase Bottled Water Based on Business Online Strategy in China: The Role of Perceived Risk in the Theory of Planned Behavior.
79  111In-polylysine antimyosin
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 Imaging of cardiac transplantation rejection in primates using two new antimyosin agents.
80  HIV-PR inhibitors
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HIV-MA (1 time)
HIV-PR (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2015 Expedient screening for HIV-1 protease inhibitors using a simplified immunochromatographic assay.
81  medications--protease inhibitors
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2000 Racial differences in attitudes toward protease inhibitors among older HIV-infected men.
82  palmar interossei
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DIs (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
TMR (1 time)
2021 Targeted Muscle Reinnervation in the Hand: A Technical Roadmap.
83  pancreatic insulinomas
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2013 Is laparoscopic approach for pancreatic insulinomas safe? Results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
84  parallax images
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MDG (1 time)
2013 Wave-optical analysis of parallax-image generation based on multiple diffraction gratings.
85  parallel imports
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2004 Parallel imports and the pricing of pharmaceutical products: evidence from the European Union.
86  Parasitic infections
(1 time)
IAC (1 time)
2022 Parasitic Infections in Internationally Adopted Children: A Twelve-Year Retrospective Study.
87  partial inflorescences
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2017 Comparative inflorescence development in selected Andean Santalales.
88  particular interacting with phosphoinositides
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PDZ (1 time)
2013 Phosphoinositides and PDZ domain scaffolds.
89  patient identifiers
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CRIS (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
SLaM (1 time)
2013 Development and evaluation of a de-identification procedure for a case register sourced from mental health electronic records.
90  patient injuries
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SVI (1 time)
2020 Patient injuries in the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency registered in Finland between 2004 and 2017.
91  patients ranged from bitors
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
RAMs (1 time)
2018 Drug resistance-associated mutations in antiretroviral treatment-naive and -experienced patients in Kuwait.
92  patients with chronic insomnia
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
(1 time)
--- 2020 Decreased modulation of segregated SEEKING and selective attention systems in chronic insomnia.
93  pattern identifications
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2020 Herbal medicine and pattern identification for treating COVID-19: a rapid review of guidelines.
94  patterns of invasion
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
Cx (1 time)
DSR (1 time)
2012 Peritumoral stromal remodeling, pattern of invasion and expression of c-met/HGF in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix uteri, FIGO stages III and IV.
95  peak intensities
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
AUs (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2001 Ultrasonic assessment of physiological echo-contrast agent distribution in brain parenchyma with transient response second harmonic imaging.
96  Pearl Indices
(1 time)
Family Planning Services
(1 time)
COC (1 time)
US (1 time)
2015 Differences in reporting Pearl Indices in the United States and Europe: Focus on a 91-day extended-regimen combined oral contraceptive with low-dose ethinyl estradiol supplementation.
97  Pedestrian injuries
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SDI (1 time)
2020 Global Incidence and Mortality Patterns of Pedestrian Road Traffic Injuries by Sociodemographic Index, with Forecasting: Findings from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2017 Study.
98  pediatric intensivists
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
NICUs (1 time)
PICUs (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2018 Discrepancies in Radiograph Interpretation Between Pediatric Radiologists and Pediatric Intensivists in the Pediatric or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
99  peptidomimetic inhibitors
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SARS (1 time)
SMIs (1 time)
2021 Synthetic and computational efforts towards the development of peptidomimetics and small-molecule SARS-CoV 3CLpro inhibitors.
100  percutaneous incidents
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Benchmarking of percutaneous injuries at the Ministry of Health hospitals of Saudi Arabia in comparison with the United States hospitals participating in Exposure Prevention Information Network (EPINet™).