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Abbreviation: PL
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Long forms: 1236

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
photoluminescence
(5433 times)
Nanotechnology
(1712 times)
XRD (881 times)
TEM (519 times)
QDs (513 times)
1990 Electro-optical evidence for the chelate effect at semiconductor surfaces.
phospholipid
(2037 times)
Biochemistry
(530 times)
TG (415 times)
PC (251 times)
PE (194 times)
1964 [Determination of total cholesterol (TCH), esterified cholesterol (ECH), free cholesterol (FCH), phospholipids (PL) and total esterified fatty acids (EFS) in the diagnosis of hepatopathies in horses].
placebo
(756 times)
Physiology
(134 times)
cr (41 times)
Br (34 times)
HR (30 times)
1975 Loxapine in newly admitted chronic schizophrenic patients.
posterolateral
(369 times)
Orthopedics
(121 times)
AM (211 times)
ACL (172 times)
AL (61 times)
1970 THE CELL JUNCTION IN A LAMELLIBRANCH GILL CILIATED EPITHELIUM : Localization of Pyroantimonate Precipitate.
platelet lysate
(230 times)
Cell Biology
(40 times)
MSCs (54 times)
FBS (51 times)
PRP (23 times)
1980 Effect of platelet lysate on growth and sulfated glycosaminoglycan synthesis in articular chondrocyte cultures.
photoluminescence spectroscopy
(212 times)
Nanotechnology
(48 times)
XRD (151 times)
TEM (78 times)
XPS (77 times)
2005 [Synthesis of nanocrystalline ZnO and its luminescence spectrum].
prelimbic
(212 times)
Neurology
(105 times)
IL (120 times)
mPFC (96 times)
PFC (23 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
phospholipase
(154 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
PG (31 times)
AA (16 times)
PK (14 times)
1976 Control mechanism of lymphocyte traffic. Altered migration of 51Cr-labeled mouse lymph node cells pretreated in vitro with phospholipases.
peroneus longus
(151 times)
Physiology
(40 times)
TA (76 times)
EMG (30 times)
PB (27 times)
1985 Role of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the foot in level walking.
10  placental lactogen
(149 times)
Endocrinology
(56 times)
GH (35 times)
PRL (33 times)
IGF-I (8 times)
1976 Lactogenic and growth hormone-like activities in pregnancy determined by radioreceptor assays.
11  pyridoxal
(135 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(39 times)
PLP (94 times)
PN (47 times)
PM (39 times)
1978 Phosphopyridoxal cyclic compounds with histamine and histidine. 7: The properties of pyridoxal and phosphopyridoxal cyclic compounds with histamine and histidine.
12  pancreatic lipase
(134 times)
Biochemistry
(44 times)
LPL (11 times)
TG (6 times)
EGCG (4 times)
1992 Molecular cloning and characterization of rabbit pancreatic triglyceride lipase.
13  Piperlongumine
(118 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
ROS (42 times)
NAC (10 times)
TrxR (6 times)
2012 Piperlongumine induces rapid depletion of the androgen receptor in human prostate cancer cells.
14  polylysine
(107 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
PG (6 times)
ECM (5 times)
FN (5 times)
1975 Heterogeneous distribution of DNA alkylation products in rat liver chromatin after in vivo administration of N,N-di[14C]methylnitrosamine.
15  prelimbic cortex
(105 times)
Neurology
(50 times)
IL (40 times)
BLA (19 times)
mPFC (13 times)
1996 Prelimbic cortex specific lesions disrupt delayed-variable response tasks in the rat.
16  pulsed light
(83 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(37 times)
UV (4 times)
CP (3 times)
HHP (3 times)
2007 Effect of spectral range in surface inactivation of Listeria innocua using broad-spectrum pulsed light.
17  palmaris longus
(78 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
FCR (11 times)
FCU (10 times)
FDS (9 times)
1989 Resistance exercise effects on aging skeletal muscle in rats.
18  plasma
(72 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
WB (13 times)
PF (7 times)
CMV (5 times)
1976 [Incomplete testicular feminisation syndrome by testosterone insensitivity (author's transl)].
19  persistent lymphocytosis
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
BLV (58 times)
AL (9 times)
EBL (8 times)
1978 Distribution of bovine leukemia virus proviral sequences in tissues of bovine, ovine and human origin.
20  poultry litter
(67 times)
Environmental Health
(50 times)
CF (4 times)
CM (4 times)
DRP (4 times)
1981 Availability of phosphorus contained in poultry litter for lambs.
21  path length
(66 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
TS (10 times)
CC (9 times)
EEG (8 times)
1991 Functional assessment of neurologic impairment: track analysis in diabetic and compression neuropathies.
22  pectate lyase
(63 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
PG (18 times)
PME (6 times)
pel (5 times)
1981 Impaired induction and self-catabolite repression of extracellular pectate lyase in Erwinia chrysanthemi mutants deficient in oligogalacturonide lyase.
23  plantaris
(63 times)
Physiology
(38 times)
SOL (28 times)
MG (15 times)
LG (13 times)
1983 Motor pool organization in monosynaptic reflexes: responses in three different muscles.
24  panicle length
(59 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
PH (12 times)
PW (9 times)
AGD (7 times)
2000 [QTLs and epistasis underlying rice (Oryza sativa L.) panicle length in different genetic background and environments].
25  polar lipids
(52 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
NL (17 times)
PUFA (12 times)
FA (10 times)
1981 Changes in lipid levels of three skeletal muscles following denervation.
26  perceptual learning
(51 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
ACh (3 times)
MD (3 times)
ARTS (2 times)
1999 Effects of similarity and experience on discrimination learning: a nonassociative connectionist model of perceptual learning.
27  post-larvae
(49 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
WSSV (11 times)
MrNV (8 times)
XSV (7 times)
1989 Ontogeny of gut morphology in the white shrimp Penaeus setiferus (Decapoda, Penaeidae).
28  preferential looking
(48 times)
Ophthalmology
(35 times)
VEP (7 times)
VA (3 times)
OKN (2 times)
1980 Quick assessment of preferential looking acuity in infants.
29  polysaccharide lyase
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
CE (6 times)
GH (6 times)
CBM (3 times)
2004 Structure and function of a hypothetical Pseudomonas aeruginosa protein PA1167 classified into family PL-7: a novel alginate lyase with a beta-sandwich fold.
30  Pityriasis lichenoides
(41 times)
Dermatology
(37 times)
PLEVA (14 times)
PLC (11 times)
MF (7 times)
1988 [Lichenoid pityriasis. Immunologic study of 10 children].
31  pregnancy loss
(40 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
RPL (6 times)
AI (3 times)
ICSI (3 times)
1999 Immunological abnormalities in primary APS evolving into SLE: 6 years follow-up in women with repeated pregnancy loss.
32  propranolol
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(30 times)
NDP (5 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
BTL (2 times)
1987 Uptake of propranolol by microvessels isolated from bovine brain.
33  periodontal ligament
(39 times)
Dentistry
(23 times)
BSP (5 times)
OPN (5 times)
ALP (4 times)
1983 Independent expression of type I collagen and fibronectin by normal fibroblast-like cells.
34  plumbagin
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
ROS (6 times)
HCC (4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
2007 Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using highly-specific monoclonal antibodies against plumbagin.
35  penalized likelihood
(34 times)
Biology
(14 times)
CBCT (7 times)
FBP (6 times)
OSEM (4 times)
2002 Complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequences show that modern birds are not descended from transitional shorebirds.
36  plasmin
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
Pg (7 times)
PA (5 times)
PK (5 times)
1986 The proteinase inhibitor complexes (antithrombin III-thrombin, alpha 2antiplasmin-plasmin and alpha 1antitrypsin-elastase) in septicemia, fulminant hepatic failure and cardiac shock: value for diagnosis and therapy control in DIC/F syndrome.
37  pectin lyase
(31 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
PG (16 times)
PE (6 times)
PME (4 times)
1975 Sequential production of polygalacturonase, cellulase, and pectin lyase by Rhizoctonia solani.
38  Problem List
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
DT (23 times)
HADS (6 times)
ROC (3 times)
1992 A computerised out-patient medical records programme based on the Summary Time-Oriented Record (STOR) System.
39  pyloric ligation
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
CRS (13 times)
EtOH (9 times)
AL (8 times)
2004 Evaluation of anti-ulcerogenic and ulcer-healing properties of Ocimum sanctum Linn.
40  Phellinus linteus
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PG (5 times)
TNF (3 times)
uPA (3 times)
1996 Stimulation of humoral and cell mediated immunity by polysaccharide from mushroom Phellinus linteus.
41  perilymph
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CSF (15 times)
EL (4 times)
MEE (3 times)
1976 [Comparative studies of lactate concentration in the perilymph, blood and cerebrospinal fluid of normal and sound exposed guinea pigs (author's transl)].
42  pneumatic lithotripsy
(27 times)
Urology
(19 times)
LL (15 times)
SFR (4 times)
SWL (3 times)
1994 Treatment of ureteric stones. Comparison of laser and pneumatic lithotripsy.
43  placenta
(26 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
BM (15 times)
MSCs (7 times)
MSC (5 times)
1990 Distribution of free amino acids in streptozotocin-induced diabetic pregnant rats, their placentae and fetuses.
44  prolactin
(26 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FSH (6 times)
GH (6 times)
LH (6 times)
1978 [Functional activity of rat adenohypophysis cells in a primary monolayer culture and the effect of several regulators on it].
45  player load
(23 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
TD (7 times)
sRPE (5 times)
ACC (3 times)
2014 Physical demands of training and competition in collegiate netball players.
46  peak latency
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
IPL (11 times)
BAEP (8 times)
ABR (3 times)
1989 [Studies on cerebral visual evoked potentials in the differential diagnosis of macular edema and obscration amblyopia in children with artiphakia].
47  preterm labor
(21 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
PPROM (5 times)
PROM (3 times)
CL (2 times)
1996 Zinc supplementation during pregnancy: a double blind randomised controlled trial.
48  PlayerLoad
(20 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
sRPE (7 times)
HR (4 times)
RPE (4 times)
2016 Physical Demands of Representative Match-Play in Adolescent Rugby Union.
49  platelet
(19 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
T-TAS (5 times)
AR (3 times)
vWF (3 times)
1982 Arylsulfatase A activity and electrophoretic banding patterns from isolated human blood fractions.
50  premature luteinization
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
IUI (4 times)
IVF (4 times)
PR (4 times)
1987 Premature luteinization of follicles during ovarian stimulation for in-vitro fertilization.
51  peripheral lymphocytes
(17 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAPD (3 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
1976 Cell interaction in tumor allograft immunity. Suppressor cell in the spleen of allogeneic tumor-sensitized mice.
52  physical literacy
(17 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
PA (9 times)
PE (3 times)
PPLI (2 times)
2014 Physical literacy: importance, assessment and future directions.
53  power law
(17 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
DAR (3 times)
HMP (2 times)
MAD (2 times)
2008 Experience versus talent shapes the structure of the Web.
54  pars lateralis
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PI (10 times)
CA (4 times)
JH (2 times)
1978 Locations and central projections of neurons associated with the retrocerebral neuroendocrine complex of the cockroach Periplaneta americana (L.).
55  polarized light
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
PC (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1977 Use of three optical systems to obtain a microscopic profile of asbestos and other nonopaque particulate matter larger than 5 mum in parenteral drugs.
56  potassium lactate
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
SDA (10 times)
RTE (5 times)
SC (3 times)
2003 Effects of pH and agitation on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A in brain heart infusion broth containing combined potassium lactate and sodium diacetate during storage at 4 or 10 degrees C.
57  prefrontal cortex
(16 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
AGTR2 (2 times)
BLA (2 times)
EPM (2 times)
2012 Altered dendritic distribution of dopamine D2 receptors and reduction in mitochondrial number in parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the medial prefrontal cortex of cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor knockout mice.
58  micro-photoluminescence
(15 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
CVD (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
2006 Photoluminescence and Raman scattering from catalytically grown Zn(x)Cd(1-x)Se alloy nanowires.
59  patellar ligament
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
2003 Anatomic rotational relationships of the proximal tibia, distal femur, and patella: implications for rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty.
60  peritoneal lavage
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
BAL (2 times)
CA (2 times)
ASBO (1 time)
1982 Selection of patients with abdominal stab wounds for laparotomy.
61  Polypodium leucotomos
(15 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
UVR (3 times)
IP (2 times)
MED (2 times)
1997 Topical or oral administration with an extract of Polypodium leucotomos prevents acute sunburn and psoralen-induced phototoxic reactions as well as depletion of Langerhans cells in human skin.
62  postlesion
(15 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
SC (3 times)
DY (2 times)
HSPs (2 times)
1982 Regeneration of ganglion cell axons in the adult mouse retina.
63  proteoliposomes
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
CS (2 times)
OVA (2 times)
Ad (1 time)
1987 Phosphorylated intermediates of Na,K-ATPase proteoliposomes controlled by bilayer cholesterol. Interaction with cardiac steroid.
64  pelvic lymphadenectomy
(14 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
PAL (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
2005 Relationship between surgical procedure and spontaneous urination after rectal cancer surgery.
65  plaque
(14 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
BOP (7 times)
PD (6 times)
CAL (3 times)
1992 Clinical effects of a 0.12% chlorhexidine rinse as an adjunct to scaling and root planing.
66  pleomorphic liposarcoma
(14 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
WDL (4 times)
DDL (3 times)
ML (3 times)
2002 Epithelioid variant of pleomorphic liposarcoma: a comparative immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis of six cases with emphasis on overlapping features with epithelial malignancies.
67  productive life
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
SCS (4 times)
DO (3 times)
DPR (2 times)
2003 Economic merit of crossbred and purebred US dairy cattle.
68  protamine-like
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
SNBPs (5 times)
AU-PAGE (1 time)
AUT (1 time)
1988 An unusual cysteine-containing histone H1-like protein and two protamine-like proteins are the major nuclear proteins of the sperm of the bivalve mollusc Macoma nasuta.
69  physical limitation
(13 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
AF (5 times)
QoL (5 times)
SAQ (5 times)
2013 Effect of Liandouqingmai Recipe on life quality and vascular endothelial injury in patients with coronary heart disease.
70  prelimbic area
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
mPFC (6 times)
IL (4 times)
DA (2 times)
1985 Efferent connections of the prelimbic (area 32) and the infralimbic (area 25) cortices: an anterograde tracing study in the cat.
71  pulvinar
(13 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PI (9 times)
PM (5 times)
LP (2 times)
1976 The cortical projections of the inferior pulvinar and adjacent lateral pulvinar in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta): an autoradiographic study.
72  patellar luxation
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
ACLR (1 time)
AOI (1 time)
AS-PCR (1 time)
2002 Biomarkers of joint tissue metabolism in canine osteoarthritic and arthritic joint disorders.
73  perivitelline layer
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GD (2 times)
SP (2 times)
ZP (2 times)
1979 New observations on the structure of the hen ovum at ovulation.
74  placebo group
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CON (2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
1985 Sex steroids and affect in the surgical menopause: a double-blind, cross-over study.
75  Poland
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CZ (3 times)
SK (3 times)
HU (2 times)
2001 Health-status of the Slovak Republic population in comparison with countries of Central Europe and European Union.
76  prednisolone
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PN (4 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
1988 Relative and absolute bioavailability of prednisone and prednisolone after separate oral and intravenous doses.
77  procedural learning
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
fMRI (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
RPT (2 times)
1999 Procedural learning is impaired in patients with prefrontal lesions.
78  proximity labeling
(12 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(3 times)
MS (2 times)
NLR (2 times)
PPIs (2 times)
2018 Efficient proximity labeling in living cells and organisms with TurboID.
79  persistent luminescence
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
NIR (2 times)
PLNPs (2 times)
Au NBPs (1 time)
2013 Effects of persistent luminescence decay on mechanoluminescence phenomena of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ materials.
80  phase-locking
(11 times)
Science
(5 times)
EROs (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
2000 Transient phase locking patterns among respiration, heart rate and blood pressure during cardiorespiratory synchronisation in humans.
81  phonological loop
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
CE (9 times)
VSSP (6 times)
WM (6 times)
2000 What's working in working memory: a role for the Central Executive.
82  point-light
(11 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
CU (1 time)
FL (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2005 Visual search and coordination changes in response to video and point-light demonstrations without KR.
83  Polish Landrace
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PLW (10 times)
PUL (2 times)
BCS (1 time)
2006 An effect of a missense mutation in the porcine melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene on production traits in Polish pig breeds is doubtful.
84  preleukemia
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RadLV (3 times)
ANLL (2 times)
RAEB (2 times)
1982 Impaired T-cell and NK-cell function in patients with preleukemia.
85  partial lipodystrophy
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
GL (3 times)
DEXA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2007 Leptin therapy for partial lipodystrophy linked to a PPAR-gamma mutation.
86  PEGylated liposomes
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ABC (5 times)
PEG (3 times)
APF (2 times)
2005 Influence of the physicochemical properties of liposomes on the accelerated blood clearance phenomenon in rats.
87  photolyase
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Cry (5 times)
CPD (3 times)
CPDs (3 times)
2003 Cis-syn thymidine dimer repair by DNA photolyase in real time.
88  piecewise-linear
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
AIF (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
1969 Fake tori, the annulus conjecture, and the conjectures of kirby.
89  polylactide
(10 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
APS (1 time)
1991 The effects of ingesting polylactate or glucose polymer drinks during prolonged exercise.
90  posterior laryngitis
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
PAR (2 times)
AST (1 time)
EER (1 time)
1999 Pharyngeal pH monitoring in patients with posterior laryngitis.
91  power lifters
(10 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
CON (2 times)
MHC (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1987 Physiologic responses to heavy-resistance exercise with very short rest periods.
92  pyramidal lobe
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PTC (2 times)
CART (1 time)
CART-IR (1 time)
1989 The pyramidal lobe: a scintigraphic assessment.
93  epsilon-polylysine
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CS (2 times)
TVB-N (2 times)
CH (1 time)
2006 Contribution of the net charge to the regulatory effects of amino acids and epsilon-poly(L-lysine) on the gelatinization behavior of potato starch granules.
94  Paeonia lactiflora
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AME (2 times)
DPPH (2 times)
GU (2 times)
1990 [Effects of nifedipine and Paeonia lactiflora on plasma TXB2 and 6-Keto-PGF1 alpha in cholesterol-fed rabbits].
95  partial laryngectomy
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (6 times)
TL (3 times)
CRT (2 times)
1998 Comparison of external radiotherapy, laser microsurgery and partial laryngectomy for the treatment of T1N0M0 glottic carcinomas: a retrospective evaluation.
96  perception of light
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
AVPGs (1 time)
Chirila KPro (1 time)
CSNB (1 time)
2003 Corneal replacement using a synthetic hydrogel cornea, AlphaCor: device, preliminary outcomes and complications.
97  Photoluminescence emission
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
XRD (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2008 Gamma-radiation synthesis and properties of superparamagnetic CS-ZnSe:Mn nanocrystals for biological labeling.
98  Plasmablastic lymphoma
(9 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
NHL (4 times)
DLBCL (3 times)
EBV (3 times)
2009 Genomic profiling of plasmablastic lymphoma using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH): revealing significant overlapping genomic lesions with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
99  plastic
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
Al (3 times)
CP (2 times)
COM (1 time)
1975 Variation in the isozymes of flax (Linum usitatissimum) genotrophs.
100  powerlifting
(9 times)
Exercise
(5 times)
WL (3 times)
OL (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2004 Comparison of Olympic vs. traditional power lifting training programs in football players.