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Abbreviation: PL
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Long forms: 1366

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
photoluminescence
(6445 times)
Nanotechnology
(1839 times)
XRD (1001 times)
TEM (583 times)
QDs (576 times)
1990 Electro-optical evidence for the chelate effect at semiconductor surfaces.
phospholipid
(2131 times)
Biochemistry
(536 times)
TG (424 times)
PC (268 times)
PE (208 times)
1964 [Determination of total cholesterol (TCH), esterified cholesterol (ECH), free cholesterol (FCH), phospholipids (PL) and total esterified fatty acids (EFS) in the diagnosis of hepatopathies in horses].
placebo
(805 times)
Physiology
(138 times)
cr (43 times)
Br (34 times)
HR (33 times)
1975 Loxapine in newly admitted chronic schizophrenic patients.
posterolateral
(408 times)
Orthopedics
(130 times)
AM (226 times)
ACL (179 times)
AL (67 times)
1970 THE CELL JUNCTION IN A LAMELLIBRANCH GILL CILIATED EPITHELIUM : Localization of Pyroantimonate Precipitate.
platelet lysate
(273 times)
Cell Biology
(43 times)
MSCs (57 times)
FBS (56 times)
PRP (33 times)
1980 Effect of platelet lysate on growth and sulfated glycosaminoglycan synthesis in articular chondrocyte cultures.
photoluminescence spectroscopy
(266 times)
Chemistry
(49 times)
XRD (189 times)
XPS (102 times)
TEM (99 times)
2005 [Synthesis of nanocrystalline ZnO and its luminescence spectrum].
prelimbic
(238 times)
Neurology
(115 times)
IL (135 times)
mPFC (105 times)
PFC (27 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
pancreatic lipase
(171 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
LPL (11 times)
TG (6 times)
EGCG (5 times)
1992 Molecular cloning and characterization of rabbit pancreatic triglyceride lipase.
peroneus longus
(171 times)
Physiology
(43 times)
TA (86 times)
EMG (32 times)
PB (30 times)
1985 Role of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the foot in level walking.
10  phospholipase
(156 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
PG (31 times)
AA (16 times)
PK (14 times)
1976 Control mechanism of lymphocyte traffic. Altered migration of 51Cr-labeled mouse lymph node cells pretreated in vitro with phospholipases.
11  placental lactogen
(150 times)
Endocrinology
(56 times)
GH (35 times)
PRL (33 times)
IGF-I (8 times)
1976 Lactogenic and growth hormone-like activities in pregnancy determined by radioreceptor assays.
12  Piperlongumine
(146 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
ROS (48 times)
NAC (10 times)
ER (6 times)
2012 Piperlongumine induces rapid depletion of the androgen receptor in human prostate cancer cells.
13  pyridoxal
(145 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(40 times)
PLP (101 times)
PN (49 times)
PM (41 times)
1978 Phosphopyridoxal cyclic compounds with histamine and histidine. 7: The properties of pyridoxal and phosphopyridoxal cyclic compounds with histamine and histidine.
14  prelimbic cortex
(124 times)
Neurology
(57 times)
IL (46 times)
BLA (21 times)
mPFC (19 times)
1996 Prelimbic cortex specific lesions disrupt delayed-variable response tasks in the rat.
15  polylysine
(111 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
FN (7 times)
PG (6 times)
ECM (5 times)
1975 Heterogeneous distribution of DNA alkylation products in rat liver chromatin after in vivo administration of N,N-di[14C]methylnitrosamine.
16  pulsed light
(101 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(40 times)
US (5 times)
UV (5 times)
HHP (4 times)
2007 Effect of spectral range in surface inactivation of Listeria innocua using broad-spectrum pulsed light.
17  palmaris longus
(90 times)
General Surgery
(20 times)
FCR (17 times)
FCU (12 times)
FDS (10 times)
1989 Resistance exercise effects on aging skeletal muscle in rats.
18  path length
(86 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CC (13 times)
EEG (10 times)
TS (10 times)
1991 Functional assessment of neurologic impairment: track analysis in diabetic and compression neuropathies.
19  panicle length
(77 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
PH (18 times)
PW (11 times)
AGD (7 times)
2000 [QTLs and epistasis underlying rice (Oryza sativa L.) panicle length in different genetic background and environments].
20  plasma
(75 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
WB (14 times)
PF (7 times)
CMV (5 times)
1976 [Incomplete testicular feminisation syndrome by testosterone insensitivity (author's transl)].
21  poultry litter
(74 times)
Environmental Health
(54 times)
CF (4 times)
CM (4 times)
DRP (4 times)
1981 Availability of phosphorus contained in poultry litter for lambs.
22  persistent lymphocytosis
(72 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(38 times)
BLV (62 times)
AL (9 times)
EBL (9 times)
1978 Distribution of bovine leukemia virus proviral sequences in tissues of bovine, ovine and human origin.
23  pectate lyase
(66 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
PG (18 times)
PME (6 times)
pel (5 times)
1981 Impaired induction and self-catabolite repression of extracellular pectate lyase in Erwinia chrysanthemi mutants deficient in oligogalacturonide lyase.
24  plantaris
(64 times)
Physiology
(38 times)
SOL (28 times)
MG (15 times)
LG (14 times)
1983 Motor pool organization in monosynaptic reflexes: responses in three different muscles.
25  polar lipids
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
NL (18 times)
PUFA (13 times)
FA (12 times)
1981 Changes in lipid levels of three skeletal muscles following denervation.
26  perceptual learning
(55 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
ACh (3 times)
MD (3 times)
ARTS (2 times)
1999 Effects of similarity and experience on discrimination learning: a nonassociative connectionist model of perceptual learning.
27  post-larvae
(53 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
WSSV (11 times)
MrNV (8 times)
XSV (7 times)
1989 Ontogeny of gut morphology in the white shrimp Penaeus setiferus (Decapoda, Penaeidae).
28  pregnancy loss
(50 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
RPL (8 times)
AI (5 times)
ET (4 times)
1999 Immunological abnormalities in primary APS evolving into SLE: 6 years follow-up in women with repeated pregnancy loss.
29  polysaccharide lyase
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
GH (8 times)
CE (7 times)
GT (5 times)
2004 Structure and function of a hypothetical Pseudomonas aeruginosa protein PA1167 classified into family PL-7: a novel alginate lyase with a beta-sandwich fold.
30  preferential looking
(49 times)
Ophthalmology
(35 times)
VEP (8 times)
VA (4 times)
OKN (2 times)
1980 Quick assessment of preferential looking acuity in infants.
31  physical literacy
(44 times)
Public Health
(18 times)
PA (21 times)
PE (7 times)
PF (4 times)
2014 Physical literacy: importance, assessment and future directions.
32  Pityriasis lichenoides
(44 times)
Dermatology
(40 times)
PLEVA (15 times)
PLC (12 times)
MF (7 times)
1988 [Lichenoid pityriasis. Immunologic study of 10 children].
33  periodontal ligament
(40 times)
Dentistry
(23 times)
BSP (5 times)
OPN (5 times)
ALP (4 times)
1983 Independent expression of type I collagen and fibronectin by normal fibroblast-like cells.
34  plumbagin
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
ROS (6 times)
HCC (4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
2007 Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using highly-specific monoclonal antibodies against plumbagin.
35  propranolol
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(30 times)
NDP (5 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
BTL (2 times)
1987 Uptake of propranolol by microvessels isolated from bovine brain.
36  penalized likelihood
(38 times)
Biology
(14 times)
FBP (9 times)
CBCT (8 times)
NPS (4 times)
2002 Complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequences show that modern birds are not descended from transitional shorebirds.
37  Problem List
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
DT (26 times)
HADS (7 times)
ROC (5 times)
1992 A computerised out-patient medical records programme based on the Summary Time-Oriented Record (STOR) System.
38  Phellinus linteus
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PG (5 times)
GL (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
1996 Stimulation of humoral and cell mediated immunity by polysaccharide from mushroom Phellinus linteus.
39  pectin lyase
(33 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
PG (17 times)
PE (6 times)
PME (5 times)
1975 Sequential production of polygalacturonase, cellulase, and pectin lyase by Rhizoctonia solani.
40  plasmin
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
Pg (7 times)
PA (5 times)
PK (5 times)
1986 The proteinase inhibitor complexes (antithrombin III-thrombin, alpha 2antiplasmin-plasmin and alpha 1antitrypsin-elastase) in septicemia, fulminant hepatic failure and cardiac shock: value for diagnosis and therapy control in DIC/F syndrome.
41  pyloric ligation
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
CRS (13 times)
EtOH (9 times)
AL (8 times)
2004 Evaluation of anti-ulcerogenic and ulcer-healing properties of Ocimum sanctum Linn.
42  pneumatic lithotripsy
(29 times)
Urology
(20 times)
LL (16 times)
SFR (4 times)
HLL (3 times)
1994 Treatment of ureteric stones. Comparison of laser and pneumatic lithotripsy.
43  player load
(28 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
TD (8 times)
sRPE (5 times)
HR (4 times)
2014 Physical demands of training and competition in collegiate netball players.
44  perilymph
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CSF (15 times)
EL (4 times)
MEE (3 times)
1976 [Comparative studies of lactate concentration in the perilymph, blood and cerebrospinal fluid of normal and sound exposed guinea pigs (author's transl)].
45  PlayerLoad
(27 times)
Sports Medicine
(18 times)
sRPE (7 times)
RPE (5 times)
AU (4 times)
2016 Physical Demands of Representative Match-Play in Adolescent Rugby Union.
46  placenta
(26 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
BM (15 times)
MSCs (7 times)
MSC (5 times)
1990 Distribution of free amino acids in streptozotocin-induced diabetic pregnant rats, their placentae and fetuses.
47  prolactin
(26 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FSH (6 times)
GH (6 times)
LH (6 times)
1978 [Functional activity of rat adenohypophysis cells in a primary monolayer culture and the effect of several regulators on it].
48  preterm labor
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
PPROM (5 times)
PROM (3 times)
TL (3 times)
1996 Zinc supplementation during pregnancy: a double blind randomised controlled trial.
49  proximity labeling
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PPIs (4 times)
APEX (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2018 Efficient proximity labeling in living cells and organisms with TurboID.
50  peak latency
(22 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
IPL (11 times)
BAEP (8 times)
ABR (3 times)
1989 [Studies on cerebral visual evoked potentials in the differential diagnosis of macular edema and obscration amblyopia in children with artiphakia].
51  power law
(21 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
DAR (3 times)
HMP (2 times)
MAD (2 times)
2008 Experience versus talent shapes the structure of the Web.
52  platelet
(20 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
T-TAS (5 times)
AR (3 times)
Hb (3 times)
1982 Arylsulfatase A activity and electrophoretic banding patterns from isolated human blood fractions.
53  prefrontal cortex
(19 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
BLA (3 times)
AGTR2 (2 times)
EPM (2 times)
2012 Altered dendritic distribution of dopamine D2 receptors and reduction in mitochondrial number in parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the medial prefrontal cortex of cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor knockout mice.
54  pelvic lymphadenectomy
(18 times)
Gynecology
(8 times)
DFS (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
LVA (2 times)
2005 Relationship between surgical procedure and spontaneous urination after rectal cancer surgery.
55  premature luteinization
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
IUI (4 times)
IVF (4 times)
PR (4 times)
1987 Premature luteinization of follicles during ovarian stimulation for in-vitro fertilization.
56  patellar ligament
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
2003 Anatomic rotational relationships of the proximal tibia, distal femur, and patella: implications for rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty.
57  peripheral lymphocytes
(17 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAPD (3 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
1976 Cell interaction in tumor allograft immunity. Suppressor cell in the spleen of allogeneic tumor-sensitized mice.
58  peritoneal lavage
(17 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
BAL (2 times)
CA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1982 Selection of patients with abdominal stab wounds for laparotomy.
59  persistent luminescence
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
NIR (4 times)
PLNPs (3 times)
Au NBPs (1 time)
2013 Effects of persistent luminescence decay on mechanoluminescence phenomena of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ materials.
60  plaque
(17 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
PD (8 times)
BOP (7 times)
CAL (3 times)
1992 Clinical effects of a 0.12% chlorhexidine rinse as an adjunct to scaling and root planing.
61  polarized light
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
PC (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1977 Use of three optical systems to obtain a microscopic profile of asbestos and other nonopaque particulate matter larger than 5 mum in parenteral drugs.
62  productive life
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
DO (4 times)
SCS (4 times)
AFC (3 times)
2003 Economic merit of crossbred and purebred US dairy cattle.
63  pars lateralis
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PI (10 times)
CA (4 times)
JH (2 times)
1978 Locations and central projections of neurons associated with the retrocerebral neuroendocrine complex of the cockroach Periplaneta americana (L.).
64  patellar luxation
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
CT (3 times)
CCLR (2 times)
ACLR (1 time)
2002 Biomarkers of joint tissue metabolism in canine osteoarthritic and arthritic joint disorders.
65  Polypodium leucotomos
(16 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
UVR (3 times)
IP (2 times)
MED (2 times)
1997 Topical or oral administration with an extract of Polypodium leucotomos prevents acute sunburn and psoralen-induced phototoxic reactions as well as depletion of Langerhans cells in human skin.
66  potassium lactate
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
SDA (10 times)
RTE (5 times)
SC (3 times)
2003 Effects of pH and agitation on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A in brain heart infusion broth containing combined potassium lactate and sodium diacetate during storage at 4 or 10 degrees C.
67  proteoliposome
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
CS (2 times)
OVA (2 times)
Ad (1 time)
1987 Phosphorylated intermediates of Na,K-ATPase proteoliposomes controlled by bilayer cholesterol. Interaction with cardiac steroid.
68  pleomorphic liposarcoma
(15 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
WDL (4 times)
DDL (3 times)
ML (3 times)
2002 Epithelioid variant of pleomorphic liposarcoma: a comparative immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis of six cases with emphasis on overlapping features with epithelial malignancies.
69  Poland
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SK (4 times)
AU (3 times)
CZ (3 times)
2001 Health-status of the Slovak Republic population in comparison with countries of Central Europe and European Union.
70  postlesion
(15 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
SC (3 times)
DY (2 times)
HSPs (2 times)
1982 Regeneration of ganglion cell axons in the adult mouse retina.
71  protamine-like
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
SNBPs (5 times)
AU-PAGE (1 time)
AUT (1 time)
1988 An unusual cysteine-containing histone H1-like protein and two protamine-like proteins are the major nuclear proteins of the sperm of the bivalve mollusc Macoma nasuta.
72  epsilon-polylysine
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CS (2 times)
TVB-N (2 times)
CH (1 time)
2006 Contribution of the net charge to the regulatory effects of amino acids and epsilon-poly(L-lysine) on the gelatinization behavior of potato starch granules.
73  perivitelline layer
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GD (2 times)
SP (2 times)
ZP (2 times)
1979 New observations on the structure of the hen ovum at ovulation.
74  physical limitation
(14 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
AF (6 times)
SAQ (6 times)
QoL (5 times)
2013 Effect of Liandouqingmai Recipe on life quality and vascular endothelial injury in patients with coronary heart disease.
75  placebo group
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CON (2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
1985 Sex steroids and affect in the surgical menopause: a double-blind, cross-over study.
76  prelimbic area
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
mPFC (6 times)
IL (4 times)
DA (2 times)
1985 Efferent connections of the prelimbic (area 32) and the infralimbic (area 25) cortices: an anterograde tracing study in the cat.
77  pulvinar
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PI (9 times)
PM (5 times)
SC (3 times)
1976 The cortical projections of the inferior pulvinar and adjacent lateral pulvinar in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta): an autoradiographic study.
78  powerlifting
(13 times)
Physical Fitness
(5 times)
WL (3 times)
BP (2 times)
DL (2 times)
2004 Comparison of Olympic vs. traditional power lifting training programs in football players.
79  partial lipodystrophy
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
GL (4 times)
CI (2 times)
DEXA (2 times)
2007 Leptin therapy for partial lipodystrophy linked to a PPAR-gamma mutation.
80  phase-locking
(12 times)
Science
(5 times)
EROs (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
2000 Transient phase locking patterns among respiration, heart rate and blood pressure during cardiorespiratory synchronisation in humans.
81  prednisolone
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PN (4 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
1988 Relative and absolute bioavailability of prednisone and prednisolone after separate oral and intravenous doses.
82  procedural learning
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
fMRI (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
RPT (2 times)
1999 Procedural learning is impaired in patients with prefrontal lesions.
83  PEGylated liposomes
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ABC (6 times)
PEG (4 times)
APF (2 times)
2005 Influence of the physicochemical properties of liposomes on the accelerated blood clearance phenomenon in rats.
84  perception of light
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
BCVA (2 times)
ACCC (1 time)
ACD (1 time)
2003 Corneal replacement using a synthetic hydrogel cornea, AlphaCor: device, preliminary outcomes and complications.
85  phonological loop
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
CE (9 times)
VSSP (6 times)
WM (6 times)
2000 What's working in working memory: a role for the Central Executive.
86  planar lymphoscintigraphy
(11 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
SLN (7 times)
SPECT/CT (5 times)
SLNB (3 times)
2013 The role of hybrid SPECT/CT for lymphatic mapping in patients with melanoma.
87  plastic limit
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
LL (7 times)
PI (4 times)
CBR (2 times)
2004 Injectability of calcium phosphate pastes.
88  point-light
(11 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
CU (1 time)
FL (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2005 Visual search and coordination changes in response to video and point-light demonstrations without KR.
89  Polish Landrace
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PLW (9 times)
Pul (2 times)
bHLH (1 time)
2006 An effect of a missense mutation in the porcine melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene on production traits in Polish pig breeds is doubtful.
90  preleukemia
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RadLV (3 times)
ANLL (2 times)
RAEB (2 times)
1982 Impaired T-cell and NK-cell function in patients with preleukemia.
91  pyramidal lobe
(11 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PTC (2 times)
CART (1 time)
CART-IR (1 time)
1989 The pyramidal lobe: a scintigraphic assessment.
92  Paeonia lactiflora
(10 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AME (2 times)
DPPH (2 times)
Gu (2 times)
1990 [Effects of nifedipine and Paeonia lactiflora on plasma TXB2 and 6-Keto-PGF1 alpha in cholesterol-fed rabbits].
93  partial laryngectomy
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (6 times)
TL (4 times)
CRT (2 times)
1998 Comparison of external radiotherapy, laser microsurgery and partial laryngectomy for the treatment of T1N0M0 glottic carcinomas: a retrospective evaluation.
94  pericyte loss
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
AC (8 times)
DR (6 times)
STZ (3 times)
2010 Reduced connexin 43 expression and its effect on the development of vascular lesions in retinas of diabetic mice.
95  photolyase
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CRY (5 times)
CPD (3 times)
CPDs (3 times)
2003 Cis-syn thymidine dimer repair by DNA photolyase in real time.
96  piecewise-linear
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
AIF (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
1969 Fake tori, the annulus conjecture, and the conjectures of kirby.
97  Plasmalyte
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
NS (3 times)
RL (3 times)
AG (1 time)
1977 Sepsis in the baboon: factors affecting resuscitation and pulmonary edema in animals resuscitated with Ringer's lactate versus Plasmanate.
98  plastic
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
Al (3 times)
CP (2 times)
COM (1 time)
1975 Variation in the isozymes of flax (Linum usitatissimum) genotrophs.
99  polylactide
(10 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
APS (1 time)
1991 The effects of ingesting polylactate or glucose polymer drinks during prolonged exercise.
100  posterior laryngitis
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
PAR (2 times)
AST (1 time)
EER (1 time)
1999 Pharyngeal pH monitoring in patients with posterior laryngitis.