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Abbreviation: PLR
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Long forms: 144

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio
(2986 times)
Neoplasms
(755 times)
NLR (2321 times)
OS (701 times)
LMR (421 times)
1986 Platelets, leucocytes and buffy layer vitamin C after surgery.
positive likelihood ratio
(656 times)
Medicine
(112 times)
NLR (593 times)
DOR (442 times)
AUC (303 times)
1999 Rapid and accurate assessment of glomerular filtration rate in patients with renal transplants using serum cystatin C.
pupillary light reflex
(243 times)
Ophthalmology
(54 times)
ipRGCs (22 times)
ANS (14 times)
PD (14 times)
1989 Relationship of autonomic nervous system activity to daytime sleepiness and prior sleep.
passive leg raising
(191 times)
Critical Care
(58 times)
CI (44 times)
CO (34 times)
SV (27 times)
1988 Acute cardiovascular response to passive leg raising.
pointwise linear regression
(45 times)
Ophthalmology
(33 times)
VF (29 times)
MD (10 times)
IOP (5 times)
2002 Spatial and temporal processing of threshold data for detection of progressive glaucomatous visual field loss.
pupillary light response
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
AD (3 times)
ipRGCs (3 times)
CFD (2 times)
1990 Pupillary function in multiple sclerosis.
pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductase
(26 times)
Botany
(14 times)
PTOX (6 times)
CCR (5 times)
PAL (5 times)
2001 In situ hybridization and immunolocalization of lignan reductases in woody tissues: implications for heartwood formation and other forms of vascular tissue preservation.
penalized logistic regression
(19 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AUC (3 times)
SVM (3 times)
ASPECTS (2 times)
2004 Classification of gene microarrays by penalized logistic regression.
packet loss rate
(16 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(11 times)
PDR (3 times)
BER (2 times)
FEC (2 times)
2007 Packet loss rate prediction using the sparse basis prediction model.
10  Puerariae Lobatae Radix
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
PTR (4 times)
RSM (2 times)
SMRR (2 times)
2012 Optimisation of ultrasound-assisted extraction of puerarin and total isoflavones from Puerariae Lobatae Radix (Pueraria lobata (Wild.) Ohwi) with response surface methodology.
11  perilacunar/canalicular remodeling
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
LCN (2 times)
LCS (2 times)
OA (1 time)
2017 Osteocyte-Intrinsic TGF-beta Signaling Regulates Bone Quality through Perilacunar/Canalicular Remodeling.
12  paraneoplastic leukemoid reaction
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
G-CSF (3 times)
WBC (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2005 Paraneoplastic leukemoid reaction and rapid progression in a patient with malignant melanoma: establishment of KT293, a novel G-CSF-secreting melanoma cell line.
13  poly-L-arginine
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CD (2 times)
HA (2 times)
PEO (2 times)
2003 Novel anticoagulant activity of polyamino acid offsets bacterial endotoxin-induced extrinsic hypercoagulation: downregulation of monocytic tissue factor-dependent FVII activation.
14  partial liver resection
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ACh (2 times)
AChE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1984 [Dependence of mononuclear infiltration of the liver on hepatocyte proliferation].
15  passive leg raising test
(8 times)
Critical Care
(4 times)
CVP (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
SVV (3 times)
2014 [An application of arterial pressure-based cardiac output measurements in fluid management strategies of critically ill patients].
16  powder-to-liquid ratio
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CPC (2 times)
MPC (2 times)
BCP (1 time)
2009 Development of remineralizing, antibacterial dental materials.
17  prelacrimal recess
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
PLRA (3 times)
CT (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2018 Dimensions of the medial wall of the prelacrimal recess.
18  Purtscher-like retinopathy
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
OCT (3 times)
RNFL (2 times)
TMA (2 times)
2006 [Correlation of retinal thickness with the extent of Purtscher's retinopathy].
19  pregnancy loss rate
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
CPR (4 times)
LBR (3 times)
RR (3 times)
2012 Use of hyaluronan in the selection of sperm for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): significant improvement in clinical outcomes--multicenter, double-blinded and randomized controlled trial.
20  participant-led research
(5 times)
Clinical Protocols
(1 time)
ELSI (1 time)
IRRID (1 time)
2016 A New Challenge to Research Ethics: Patients-Led Research (PLR) and the Role of Internet Based Social Networks.
21  positive LR
(5 times)
Technology
(1 time)
NLR (5 times)
DOR (2 times)
LR (2 times)
2010 Systematic review of interferon-gamma release assays in tuberculosis: focus on likelihood ratios.
22  pharyngolaryngeal reflux
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
GERD (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
CSOM (1 time)
2008 [Gastroesophageal reflux disease and pharyngolaryngeal reflux in children with chronic laryngeal pathology].
23  photosynthetic light-response
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
NRH (2 times)
Rd (2 times)
LES (1 time)
2019 A general non-rectangular hyperbola equation for photosynthetic light response curve of rice at various leaf ages.
24  platelet/neutrophil ratio
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NLR (4 times)
OR (2 times)
AGR (1 time)
2020 Association of Inflammatory Markers with Multisite Artery Disease in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease.
25  patellar length ratio
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
BO (3 times)
LPTA (3 times)
SA (3 times)
2007 The association between patellar alignment on magnetic resonance imaging and radiographic manifestations of knee osteoarthritis.
26  polytomous logistic regression
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACN (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
1995 Organochlorine residues in human breast milk: analysis through a sentinel practice network.
27  pooled logistic regression
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 A comparison of time dependent Cox regression, pooled logistic regression and cross sectional pooling with simulations and an application to the Framingham Heart Study.
28  power-law rheology
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FE (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
2009 Influence of power-law rheology on cell injury during microbubble flows.
29  paired labels recognition
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
Au-Ab (1 time)
FZD (1 time)
2018 Highly sensitive detection of a small molecule by a paired labels recognition system based lateral flow assay.
30  para-linear response
(2 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
PDI (2 times)
FLU (1 time)
GBP (1 time)
2012 The linear response kernel of conceptual DFT as a measure of aromaticity.
31  passive leg-raising maneuver
(2 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
AP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2012 Brachial cuff measurements of blood pressure during passive leg raising for fluid responsiveness prediction.
32  patent landscape report
(2 times)
CONSORT (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
SMPs (1 time)
2019 Shape-Memory Polymers in Dentistry: Systematic Review and Patent Landscape Report.
33  performance-linked reimbursement
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CED (1 time)
INMB (1 time)
PBRSAs (1 time)
2021 Performance-based risk-sharing arrangements for devices and diagnostics in the United States: a systematic review.
34  persistent light reactivity
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
PMLE (1 time)
1984 Contact and photocontact allergy to sunscreens.
35  piecewise linear representation
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DTW (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
PLR-DTW (1 time)
2012 The PLR-DTW method for ECG based biometric identification.
36  plasmon lattice resonance
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
FOM (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
2021 Plasmon lattice resonances induced by an all-dielectric periodic array of Si nanopillars on SiO2nanopillars.
37  platelet count to absolute lymphocyte count ratio
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NLR (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2022 Overall Survival Prediction of Advanced Cancer Patients by Selection of the Most Significant Baseline Serum Biomarker Combination.
38  platelet large cell ratio
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
circRNAs (1 time)
CSFV (1 time)
DAS28 (1 time)
2011 Effects of the polymorphisms of Mx1, BAT2 and CXCL12 genes on immunological traits in pigs.
39  platelet to leucocytic count ratio
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
EPN (1 time)
2019 Could platelet to leucocytic count ratio (PLR) predict sepsis and clinical outcomes in patients with emphysematous pyelonephritis?
40  platelets/LYM ratio
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
NLR (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2020 Cellular immune response to acute exercise: Comparison of endurance and resistance exercise.
41  Polish landrace
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ORT (2 times)
PLW (2 times)
FT (1 time)
2014 Post-thaw sperm characteristics following long-term storage of boar semen in liquid nitrogen.
42  pontine locomotor region
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MLR (1 time)
1977 Role of pontine tegmentum for locomotor control in mesencephalic cat.
43  pork luncheon roll
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
WP (2 times)
MW (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2004 Dielectric and thermophysical properties of meat batters over a temperature range of 5-85 C.
44  powder/liquid ratio
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FIXH (1 time)
GICs (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2018 Variation in the Dispersions of Powder Liquid Ratios in Hand-Mix Glass Ionomers.
45  Poyang Lake Region
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ERP (1 time)
ESVs (1 time)
LULC (1 time)
2021 Toward ecological function zoning and comparison to the Ecological Redline Policy: a case study in the Poyang Lake Region, China.
46  predictive values, positive
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
100-g GTT (1 time)
APRI (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2006 Comparison between 100-g glucose tolerance test and two other screening tests for gestational diabetes: combined fasting glucose with risk factors and 50-g glucose tolerance test.
47  preferred level range
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
SPL (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1994 Functional organization of sound direction and sound pressure level in primary auditory cortex of the cat.
48  prolactin
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DED (1 time)
HMGECs (1 time)
PIP (1 time)
1980 [Basal blood prolactin levels in male "infertility": measurements of limited value (author's transl)].
49  proton-leak respiration
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ALR (2 times)
MRC (2 times)
PBMCs (2 times)
2019 Variations in Mitochondrial Respiration Differ in IL-1ss/IL-10 Ratio Based Subgroups in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
50  pulmonary lactate release
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
V-A dpCO2 (1 time)
2007 Pulmonary lactate release following cardiopulmonary bypass.
51  pupil light reaction
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 [Glaucoma screening by means of pupil campimetry].
52  pupillary light reactivity
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2014 Automated quantitative pupillometry for the prognostication of coma after cardiac arrest.
53  pupillary reflex
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ALAN (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
FPR (1 time)
2021 SSEP amplitude accurately predicts both good and poor neurological outcome early after cardiac arrest; a post-hoc analysis of the ProNeCA multicentre study.
54  P-L ratio
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NERD (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
SII (1 time)
2020 Role of systemic immune-inflammation index in asthma and NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease.
55  P-LCR, and ratio of platelet count to lymphocyte count
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
e-waste (1 time)
IL (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2019 Alterations in platelet indices link polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons toxicity to low-grade inflammation in preschool children.
56  pairwise log-ratios normalisation
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
HSSE (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2017 Time since discharge of 9mm cartridges by headspace analysis, part 2: Ageing study and estimation of the time since discharge using multivariate regression.
57  palindromic rheumatism
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
SARS-CoV-2 (1 time)
2021 Palindromic rheumatism following COVID-19 infection evolved to rheumatoid arthritis after COVID-19 reinfection.
58  pancreas to that of the liver
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2001 [11C]methionine positron emission tomography for the evaluation of pancreatic exocrine function in chronic pancreatitis.
59  pancreatic left resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DPPHR (1 time)
PMSR (1 time)
pNODM (1 time)
2021 Long-term Metabolic Morbidity and Steatohepatosis Following Standard Pancreatic Resections and Parenchyma-sparing, Local Extirpations for Benign Tumor: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
60  pancreolauryl ratio
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FE-1 (1 time)
uPLR (1 time)
2005 Comparing the urinary pancreolauryl ratio and faecal elastase-1 as indicators of pancreatic insufficiency in clinical practice.
61  paramedian lateral rectus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 A comparison of two retroperitoneal surgical approaches for total disc arthroplasty of the lumbar spine.
62  parametric linear regression
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CVE (1 time)
LRVVs (1 time)
MER (1 time)
2022 A parametric framework for multidimensional linear measurement error regression.
63  paraneoplastic
(1 time)
CST (1 time)
2022 Pathogenic and Prognostic Roles of Paraneoplastic Leukocytosis in Cervical Cancer: Can Genomic-Based Targeted Therapies Have a Role? A Literature Review and an Emblematic Case Report.
64  parenchyma-to-lipiodol ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
COVs (1 time)
cTACE (1 time)
2021 Early prediction of 1-year tumor response of hepatocellular carcinoma with lipiodol deposition pattern through post-embolization cone-beam computed tomography during conventional transarterial chemoembolization.
65  pars lymphoreticularis
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
PLE (1 time)
1982 The bursa cloacae (Fabricii) of Struthioniforms in comparison with the bursa of other birds.
66  partial laryngectomy
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
LRFS (1 time)
2015 Clinical outcomes and toxicity after exclusive versus postoperative radiotherapy in supraglottic cancer: new solutions for old problems? The case of stage I and II disease.
67  partial liver removal
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1980 Lysosomal enzyme activity in hepatocytes and Kupffer cells from intact and partially hepatectomized rats.
68  partially leukoreduced
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2020 Does Transfusion of Red Blood Cells Impact Germline Genetic Test Results?
69  passive straight leg raising
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
RVEF (1 time)
TREND (1 time)
1989 Trendelenburg position and passive leg raising do not significantly improve cardiopulmonary performance in the anesthetized patient with coronary artery disease.
70  peak lengthening rate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
FS (1 time)
PSR (1 time)
1994 Effects of long-term treatment with sustained-release nicardipine on left ventricular hypertrophy and function in patients with essential hypertension.
71  peak rate of increase of LV diameter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EPSS (1 time)
FS (1 time)
HF (1 time)
1991 Usefulness of M-mode echocardiography in the diagnosis of heart failure.
72  peak vertical loading rate
(1 time)
Athletic Performance
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
PF (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2015 Force and acceleration characteristics of military foot drill: implications for injury risk in recruits.
73  pelvic lateral rotation
(1 time)
Exercise Therapy
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
IO (1 time)
QL (1 time)
2018 Effects of abdominal hollowing and abdominal bracing during side-lying hip abduction on the lateral rotation and muscle activity of the pelvis.
74  per bundle
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
2015 Comparing morphological, chemical and anti-diabetic characteristics of Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix.
75  percentage of liver resection
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ICGR15 (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2004 Usefulness of the prognostic score for donor safety in living donor liver transplantation.
76  percutaneous less rigid
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Fracture reduction by postoperative mobilisation for the treatment of hyperextension injuries of the thoracolumbar spine in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders.
77  perilacunar remodeling
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
DPOAEs (1 time)
MMP-13 (1 time)
2016 Parallel mechanisms suppress cochlear bone remodeling to protect hearing.
78  Perineal Laceration Register
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
OASIS (1 time)
2019 "Struggling to settle with a damaged body" - A Swedish qualitative study of women's experiences one year after obstetric anal sphincter muscle injury (OASIS) at childbirth.
79  peripheral laser retinopexy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PRP (1 time)
2010 Subconjunctival lidocaine before laser treatment: a randomized trial.
80  peritumoural lymphocytic reaction
(1 time)
ILR (1 time)
LARC (1 time)
LVI (1 time)
2022 Histopathological and Haemogram Features Correlate with Prognosis in Rectal Cancer Patients Receiving Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation without Pathological Complete Response.
81  Perpendicular line ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2002 [Clinical diagnosis of Colles fracture combined with dorsal subluxation of radial carpal joints].
82  phase locking ratios
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
AvDurSync (1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
2016 Cardiorespiratory Phase Synchronization in OSA subjects during wake and sleep states.
83  phenolics loading rates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2013 Performance study and kinetic modeling of hybrid bioreactor for treatment of bi-substrate mixture of phenol-m-cresol in wastewater: process optimization with response surface methodology.
84  phosphorus loading rate
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
dw (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
2021 Evaluation of long-term phosphorus uptake by Schoenoplectus californicus and Phragmites australis plants in pilot-scale constructed wetlands.
85  photosensitive than normal at both single-cell and behavioral
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ipRGCs (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2005 Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells detect light with a vitamin A-based photopigment, melanopsin.
86  Physician Labeling Rule
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2008 FDA's proposed rule for pregnancy and lactation labeling: improving maternal child health through well-informed medicine use.
87  picloram
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
LbL (1 time)
SL (1 time)
2013 Encapsulation of the herbicide picloram by using polyelectrolyte biopolymers as layer-by-layer materials.
88  pineapple leaf residue
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the carbon-sequestering abilities of pineapple leaf residue chars produced by controlled combustion and by field burning.
89  Plain Language Recommendation
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Focus groups and interviews with the public led to the development of a template for a GRADE Plain Language Recommendation (PLR).
90  plank leg raise
(1 time)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
FB (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2021 Trainability of Health-Related and Motor Performance Fitness in Adults with Cystic Fibrosis within a 12-Month Partially Supervised Exercise Program.
91  plasma CSF-ratio
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
PKU (1 time)
1984 On the brain barrier system function and changes of cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of phenylalanine and tyrosine in human phenylketonuria.
92  plasma lactate response
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Plt (1 time)
1997 The plasma lactate response to exercise and endurance performance: relationships in elite triathletes.
93  plasmonic resonance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Are scaling laws of sub-optical wavelength electric field confinement in arrays of metal nanoparticles related to plasmonics or to geometry?
94  platelet-LR
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ELR (1 time)
MPV (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2021 Can we determine recurrent epistaxis by hemogram parameters in children?
95  platelet/lymphocyte number ratio
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CA125 (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
HE4 (1 time)
2022 [Establishment and application of a nomogram model for prognostic risk prediction in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer].
96  platelets to the number of lymphocytes
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2017 Platelet to lymphocyte ratio is associated with the severity of coronary artery disease and clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in the Chinese Han population.
97  Playa Lakes Region
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 Tetrameres (Petrowimeres) striata in ducks.
98  PLR alone
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
EF (1 time)
rest (1 time)
2022 Passive Leg Raise Stress Echocardiography in Severe Paradoxical Low-Flow, Low-Gradient Aortic Stenosis.
99  PLR manoeuvre
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
FHI (1 time)
2010 Both passive leg raising and intravascular volume expansion improve sublingual microcirculatory perfusion in severe sepsis and septic shock patients.
100  PLR succeeded in altering cardiac preload, noninvasiveDelta
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2012 Brachial cuff measurements of blood pressure during passive leg raising for fluid responsiveness prediction.