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Abbreviation: PN
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
parenteral nutrition
(2356 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1111 times)
EN (307 times)
SBS (168 times)
IF (148 times)
1975 Utilization of fat emulsion during total parenteral nutrition in children.
partial nephrectomy
(765 times)
Urology
(481 times)
RN (233 times)
RCC (154 times)
eGFR (90 times)
1981 Vasopressin in the rat with partial nephrectomy-salt hypertension.
peripheral neuropathy
(521 times)
Neurology
(124 times)
MM (44 times)
DM (34 times)
CI (24 times)
1977 Esophageal function in diabetes mellitus and its relation to peripheral neuropathy.
postnatal day
(411 times)
Neurology
(148 times)
GD (30 times)
CPF (19 times)
NMDA (18 times)
1978 Postnatal ontogenesis of potentials elicited in the barrelfield of mice by stimulation of the maxillary nerve.
postnatal
(218 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
WT (8 times)
GABA (4 times)
GD (4 times)
1982 The effects of chlorpromazine and phenobarbital on vasculogenesis in the cerebellar cortex.
pronuclear
(161 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(93 times)
ICSI (29 times)
IVF (25 times)
MII (14 times)
1988 Fine structure of sheep fertilization in vitro.
peripheral nerve
(138 times)
Neurology
(77 times)
RGCs (33 times)
RGC (29 times)
SC (21 times)
1979 Organ and isotype distribution of plasma cells producing specific antibody after oral immunization: evidence for a generalized secretory immune system.
pyridoxine
(128 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(54 times)
PLP (60 times)
PL (48 times)
PM (37 times)
1979 Effect of antivitamin B6 on regional GABA metabolism in mouse brain and its relation to convulsions.
peroxynitrite
(118 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
NO (25 times)
LP (6 times)
3-NT (5 times)
1996 Peroxynitrite disables the tyrosine phosphorylation regulatory mechanism: Lymphocyte-specific tyrosine kinase fails to phosphorylate nitrated cdc2(6-20)NH2 peptide.
10  patient navigation
(108 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
CRC (15 times)
CI (7 times)
OUD (6 times)
2005 Use of a patient navigator to increase colorectal cancer screening in an urban neighborhood health clinic.
11  partner notification
(104 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(49 times)
MSM (19 times)
STIs (11 times)
STI (10 times)
1992 Epidemic early syphilis--Montgomery County, Alabama, 1990-1991.
12  phrenic nerve
(102 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
AF (16 times)
RLN (10 times)
SVC (10 times)
1982 Pulmonary opiate receptor activation evokes a cardiorespiratory reflex.
13  particle number
(92 times)
Environmental Health
(68 times)
BC (18 times)
PM (17 times)
NOx (10 times)
2003 [Analysis of additive and AE interaction effects of QTLs controlling plant height, heading date and panicle number in rice (Oryza sativa L.)].
14  partial nitrification
(89 times)
Environmental Health
(42 times)
AOB (25 times)
SBR (18 times)
NOB (15 times)
2010 Enrichment of high activity nitrifers to enhance partial nitrification process.
15  Prurigo nodularis
(79 times)
Dermatology
(58 times)
IL (6 times)
AD (5 times)
LSC (3 times)
1995 Prurigo nodularis consists of two distinct forms: early-onset atopic and late-onset non-atopic.
16  polyarteritis nodosa
(76 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
RA (8 times)
SLE (6 times)
ANCA (4 times)
1977 Necrotizing vasculitis of the gallbladder and the appendix. Similarity in the morphology of rheumatoid arteritis and Polyarteritis nodosa.
17  pontine nuclei
(73 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
NRTP (9 times)
CS (7 times)
IO (7 times)
1975 The mode of synaptic linkage in the cerebro-ponto-cerebellar pathway of the cat. II. Responses of single cells in the pontine nuclei.
18  pneumonia
(66 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
AMI (16 times)
HF (15 times)
CHF (5 times)
1980 Latex agglutination test for rapid detection of bacterial antigens in body fluids.
19  pyelonephritis
(54 times)
Nephrology
(12 times)
GN (8 times)
UTI (8 times)
VUR (4 times)
1976 [Glutamic dehydrogenase activities in renal tissue during experimental and human ehronie pyelonephritis (author's transl)].
20  proneural
(51 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
MES (34 times)
GBM (23 times)
GSCs (17 times)
1987 Perineurial cells in culture. An immunocytochemical and electron microscopic study.
21  polyneuropathy
(49 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
CAN (4 times)
MAG (4 times)
NCS (4 times)
1985 Reactivity of sera and isolated monoclonal IgM from patients with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia with peripheral nerve myelin.
22  proteostasis network
(47 times)
Biology
(10 times)
CF (5 times)
UPS (4 times)
DS (3 times)
2009 The proteostasis boundary in misfolding diseases of membrane traffic.
23  plexiform neurofibromas
(46 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
NF1 (26 times)
MPNST (7 times)
MRI (4 times)
1993 Mucosal neuromas and plexiform neurofibromas: an immunocytochemical study.
24  practice nurse
(46 times)
Nursing
(14 times)
GP (12 times)
GPs (4 times)
T2D (3 times)
1996 The role of the rheumatology nurse practitioner in primary care: an experiment in the further education of the practice nurse.
25  Purkinje neuron
(46 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
LTD (7 times)
SER (6 times)
PF (5 times)
1986 Electrophysiological effects of cocaine on central monoaminergic neurons.
26  projection neuron
(43 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
AL (13 times)
MB (5 times)
ORNs (5 times)
1979 The structural organization of the inferior and lateral subdivisions of the Macaca monkey pulvinar.
27  Panax notoginseng
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
PNS (6 times)
SM (4 times)
PQ (3 times)
2006 Attenuating effect of Myakuryu on mesenteric microcirculatory disorders induced by ischemia and reperfusion.
28  processing negativity
(40 times)
Psychophysiology
(17 times)
ERP (14 times)
MMN (10 times)
ERPs (7 times)
1987 Brain mechanism of selective listening reflected by event-related potentials.
29  pudendal nerve
(39 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EUS (5 times)
SUI (5 times)
BDNF (3 times)
1991 Distribution pattern of pudendal nerve plexus for the phallus retractor muscles in the cock.
30  pyridine nucleotides
(38 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
Fp (15 times)
FA (3 times)
FFA (3 times)
1966 [Effects of the Mg ion on the ADP respiratory control of the brain mitochondria and on the oxidation-reduction of intramitochondrial PN (pyridine nucleotide)].
31  periostin
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
CCA (4 times)
PDR (3 times)
VEGF (3 times)
2002 Periostin secreted by epithelial ovarian carcinoma is a ligand for alpha(V)beta(3) and alpha(V)beta(5) integrins and promotes cell motility.
32  pneumonectomy
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(17 times)
SL (15 times)
NSCLC (12 times)
CI (2 times)
1988 Influence of maternal pneumonectomy on fetal lung growth.
33  pulp necrosis
(28 times)
Dentistry
(28 times)
PCO (13 times)
IRR (5 times)
ARR (4 times)
1989 Pulpal healing after luxation injuries and root fracture in the permanent dentition.
34  personalized nutrition
(27 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
NCDs (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
2014 Understanding consumer evaluations of personalised nutrition services in terms of the privacy calculus: a qualitative study.
35  poikiloderma with neutropenia
(27 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
DC (4 times)
snRNA (4 times)
RTS (3 times)
2010 Clericuzio-type poikiloderma with neutropenia syndrome in three sibs with mutations in the C16orf57 gene: delineation of the phenotype.
36  pancreatic necrosis
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
AP (9 times)
SAP (4 times)
CECT (2 times)
1997 Cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in rats--does bacterial translocation occur via a transperitoneal pathway?
37  parenteral
(25 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
EN (21 times)
AN (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1995 [Respective indications of enteral or parenteral nutrition during pre- and post-operative periods].
38  peanut
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(17 times)
TN (8 times)
PNA (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1983 Evaluation of labelling methods for bovine T and B lymphocytes.
39  particulate nitrogen
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
POC (8 times)
TN (6 times)
DN (5 times)
2000 Concentrations of suspended particulate organic carbon in the tidal Yorkshire Ouse River and Humber Estuary.
40  prednisone
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
PL (4 times)
PNA (3 times)
DF (2 times)
1984 Comparison of acute and subacute effects of deflazacort and prednisone on glucose metabolism in man.
41  percutaneous nephrostomy
(23 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
MUO (3 times)
AP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1987 Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the dog. An experimental study.
42  Parthenolide
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
JNK (2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
2004 Chemopreventive activity of parthenolide against UVB-induced skin cancer and its mechanisms.
43  pelvic nerve
(22 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
HGN (5 times)
LSN (4 times)
DNP (3 times)
1994 Activation of the c-fos proto-oncogene in the spinal cord following noxious stimulation of the urinary bladder.
44  Petri net
(22 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
CPN (2 times)
FPN (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1997 Fuzzy Petri net-based programmable logic controller.
45  papillary or nodular
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
BBN (8 times)
PEITC (4 times)
DEN (3 times)
1988 Summation effect of uracil on the two-stage and multistage models of urinary bladder carcinogenesis in F344 rats initiated by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine.
46  pulmonary nodules
(20 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CT (3 times)
MSA (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
1997 [Fractal surface analysis of intrapulmonary space-occupying lesions from high-resolution CT studies].
47  pollution index
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
RI (6 times)
HI (5 times)
PI (5 times)
2015 Levels and ecological risk assessment of metals in soils from a typical e-waste recycling region in southeast China.
48  perineuronal net
(17 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
ECM (5 times)
HA (3 times)
ChABC (2 times)
2005 Loss of perineuronal net N-acetylgalactosamine in Alzheimer's disease.
49  physical neglect
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
EN (9 times)
PA (9 times)
SA (9 times)
2008 Psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF).
50  pudendal neuralgia
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PRF (5 times)
CT (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2009 Pudendal neuralgia. Fact or fiction?
51  picture naming
(14 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
ADN (2 times)
AN (2 times)
NR (2 times)
1995 Perceptual and nonperceptual components of implicit memory for pictures.
52  pseudonoise
(14 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(7 times)
SAW (5 times)
OFC (3 times)
COM (2 times)
1979 Modulation techniques for an airborne laser scanner.
53  pseudonormal
(14 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
LV (6 times)
RFP (4 times)
AR (2 times)
1994 [3-dimensional topography of the optic papilla with laser scanning tomography: clinical correlation of cluster analysis].
54  Pulmonary nocardiosis
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
COPD (5 times)
HIV (2 times)
cGVHD (1 time)
1997 Pulmonary infection with Nocardia species: a report of 10 cases and review.
55  pen needle
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
WC (2 times)
AMPs (1 time)
APD (1 time)
2010 Comparative glycemic control, safety and patient ratings for a new 4 mm x 32G insulin pen needle in adults with diabetes.
56  peripheral neuroepithelioma
(12 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
ES (5 times)
mAb (2 times)
NB (2 times)
1990 Scanning electron microscopic evidence for neural differentiation in Ewing's sarcoma cell lines.
57  pyramidal neurons
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
mPFC (2 times)
PFC (2 times)
bAPs (1 time)
1991 A fractal analysis of pyramidal neurons in mammalian motor cortex.
58  Palmerston North
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ODNs (2 times)
BCR (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1980 Resistance to therapy in mature Palmerston North mice treated with cyclophosphamide or hydrocortisone sodium succinate.
59  perineural invasion
(11 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CRC (4 times)
ly (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1989 Early carcinoma of the extrahepatic bile duct.
60  pneumatic nebulization
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
ETV (2 times)
ETV-ICP-AES (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2001 Slurry sampling fluorination assisted electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry for the direct determination of metal impurities in aluminium oxide ceramic powders.
61  positive-negative
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
NN (4 times)
PP (3 times)
NP (2 times)
1987 Origin of the initial negative potential (N15) recorded on the skull by superficial radial nerve stimulation in the cat.
62  peroneal nerve
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
CPNEN (1 time)
1976 [H-reflex in the extensor digitorum brevis muscle: study in the normal subject and in latent alcoholic neuropathies].
63  PN 200-110
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
BP (2 times)
HR (2 times)
Aga (1 time)
1984 PN 200-110, a new calcium antagonist: electrophysiological, inotropic, and chronotropic effects on guinea pig myocardial tissue and effects on contraction and calcium uptake of rabbit aorta.
64  positional nystagmus
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
SN (2 times)
SPV (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
1979 A study of labyrinthine function in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. I. An electro-nystagmographic study.
65  penicillin
(9 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
ST (3 times)
nt (2 times)
AAT (1 time)
1989 Cloning and characterization of the acyl-coenzyme A: 6-aminopenicillanic-acid-acyltransferase gene of Penicillium chrysogenum.
66  protease nexin
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CM (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
HAI (1 time)
1980 Protease-nexin: a cellular component that links thrombin and plasminogen activator and mediates their binding to cells.
67  Paediatric neurology
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ACM (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AN (1 time)
2004 [The present state of paediatric neurology in the Autonomous Community of Madrid: variability in the distribution of resources].
68  pars nervosa
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PI (4 times)
PD (3 times)
2-DG (2 times)
1983 Water deprivation results in increased 2-deoxyglucose uptake by paraventricular neurones as well as pars nervosa in Wistar and Brattleboro rats.
69  perineurioma
(8 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
IHC (2 times)
IPN (2 times)
DT (1 time)
2003 Soft tissue perineuriomas in children: report of three cases and review of the literature [corrected].
70  phase noise
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
BER (2 times)
PRT (2 times)
PSA (2 times)
2011 Dispersion-enhanced phase noise effects on reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission.
71  physiological noise
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
ASL (4 times)
MBF (2 times)
PNC (2 times)
2013 Adaptive filtering and random variables coefficient for analyzing functional magnetic resonance imaging data.
72  plaque neutralization
(8 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
EIA (3 times)
HI (3 times)
CF (2 times)
1968 Yellow fever virus. I. Development and evaluation of a plaque neutralization test.
73  polynucleotide
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
HA (5 times)
CSA (1 time)
IAI (1 time)
2010 Efficacy of intra-articular polynucleotides in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial.
74  pronuclear stage
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
PR (2 times)
AB (1 time)
Cas (1 time)
2000 Experience with the elective transfer of two embryos under the conditions of the german embryo protection law: results of a retrospective data analysis of 2573 transfer cycles.
75  patient note
(7 times)
Education
(6 times)
CS (2 times)
CSA (2 times)
DG (2 times)
2004 Assessing the written communication skills of medical school graduates.
76  Phikud Navakot
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AQP1 (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
HO (1 time)
2014 Synergistic antioxidant action of Phikud Navakot ameliorates hydrogen peroxide-induced stress in human endothelial cells.
77  phrenic
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AbN (4 times)
late-E (3 times)
post-I (2 times)
1988 Effect of cisternal administration of acetazolamide on rapid excitation of central chemoreceptors.
78  Phyllanthus niruri
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CaOx (2 times)
CAT (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
2002 The effect of Phyllanthus niruri on urinary inhibitors of calcium oxalate crystallization and other factors associated with renal stone formation.
79  plaque number
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
PS (4 times)
hs-CRP (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2001 Low potentiality of angiotensin-converting enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism as a useful predictive marker for carotid atherogenesis in a large general population of a Japanese city: the Suita study.
80  proliferative nodules
(7 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
CMN (6 times)
BPN (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2013 Proliferative nodules of undifferentiated spindle cells arising in a large congenital melanocytic naevus.
81  propriospinal neurons
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
PD (3 times)
VA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2000 Striking differences in transmission of corticospinal excitation to upper limb motoneurons in two primate species.
82  protein nitrogen
(7 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
TN (3 times)
NPN (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1979 A new method of allergen standardization. Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis inhibition in a mouse-to-rat system in comparison with other methods.
83  N3'-->P5' phosphoramidate
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
TFO (4 times)
PLL-g-Dex (2 times)
AS (1 time)
oligodeoxyribonnucleotide N3' --> P5' phosphoramidates. -->1999 Inhibition of IL-6 in mice by anti-NF-kappaB oligodeoxyribonucleotide N3'-->oligodeoxyribonnucleotide N3' --> P5' phosphoramidates.
84  painful neuropathy
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DL (2 times)
ART (1 time)
CASS (1 time)
2001 Autonomic impairment in painful neuropathy.
85  paranigral
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IF (4 times)
PB (3 times)
TH (3 times)
1984 Electron microscopic analysis of the mesencephalic ventromedial tegmentum in the cat.
86  pathological narcissism
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
NPD (2 times)
PNI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2009 Pathological narcissism and the depressive temperament.
87  Peierls-Nabarro
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
DFT (1 time)
DNLS (1 time)
2004 Switching of discrete optical solitons in engineered waveguide arrays.
88  peripheral lymph nodes
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
HEV (5 times)
PP (3 times)
M6P (2 times)
1984 T-cell help for the IgA response: the function of T cells from different lymphoid organs in regulating the proportions of plasma cells expressing various isotypes.
89  Pharmacological neuroenhancement
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
AMPH (1 time)
CE (1 time)
DOSPERT (1 time)
2012 [Characteristics of university students using stimulants for cognitive enhancement: a pilot study].
90  photoneutron
(6 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MSPC (2 times)
3DCRT (1 time)
CIEDs (1 time)
2016 A novel position-sensitive mega-size dosimeter for photoneutrons in high-energy X-ray medical accelerators.
91  pneumoperitoneum
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
AWE (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
1997 Cardiorespiratory changes during gynaecological laparoscopy by abdominal wall elevation: comparison with carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum.
92  polynuclear
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MN (3 times)
3-BCP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1977 [Cellular interactions in the lymphocyte response to PHA in old people].
93  postnatal age
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
bHLH (1 time)
FENa (1 time)
GA (1 time)
1988 Urinary sodium excretion in young infants: role of gestational and postnatal ages.
94  premature neonates
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CB-RBC (1 time)
1981 [Seizures in premature neonates and in full-term neonates (author's transl)].
95  prenatal nicotine
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
METH (2 times)
PS (2 times)
alpha7nAChR (1 time)
2009 Prenatal nicotine exposure alters respiratory long-term facilitation in neonatal rats.
96  propoxyphene napsylate
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
--- 1976 Model to study long-term effects of propoxyphene napsylate (darvon-N) on narcotic-dependent mice.
97  paranigral nucleus
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PBP (4 times)
VTA (4 times)
DA (2 times)
1986 Comparative anatomy of the ventromedial mesencephalic tegmentum in the rat, cat, monkey and human.
98  patients
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
CMV (1 time)
CSS (1 time)
1989 Decreased growth inhibition by recombinant gamma interferon is associated with increased transforming growth factor-alpha production in keratinocytes cultured from psoriatic lesions.
99  petrosal neurons
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CB (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
nAChR (2 times)
1997 Nicotinic acetylcholine sensitivity of rat petrosal sensory neurons in dissociated cell culture.
100  Pinot Noir
(5 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CS (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2002 Spermidine and related-metabolic inhibitors modulate sugar and amino acid levels in Vitis vinifera L.: possible relationships with initial fruitlet abscission.