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Abbreviation: PND
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Long forms: 165

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
postnatal day
(2740 times)
Toxicology
(818 times)
GD (314 times)
BPA (101 times)
MS (78 times)
1976 Areal changes in mouse cortical barrels following vibrissal damage at different postnatal ages.
postnatal depression
(283 times)
Psychiatry
(83 times)
EPDS (76 times)
OR (15 times)
CI (13 times)
1993 A feminist perspective on postnatal depression.
prenatal diagnosis
(273 times)
Hematology
(72 times)
PGD (47 times)
CVS (23 times)
Hb (19 times)
1986 The impact of prenatal diagnosis on the occurrence of chromosome abnormalities.
perioperative neurocognitive disorders
(63 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
BDNF (6 times)
IL (5 times)
MWM (5 times)
2018 Interleukin-6 is both necessary and sufficient to produce perioperative neurocognitive disorder in mice.
principal neutralizing determinant
(54 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(14 times)
HIV-1 (15 times)
HIV (7 times)
CTL (2 times)
1990 Broadly neutralizing antibodies elicited by the hypervariable neutralizing determinant of HIV-1.
pathologic nipple discharge
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
MD (6 times)
DCIS (5 times)
BCS (3 times)
2002 Directed duct excision by using mammary ductoscopy in patients with pathologic nipple discharge.
paraneoplastic neurologic disorders
(32 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
SCLC (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
CSF (3 times)
1997 Mouse chromosomal locations of nine genes encoding homologs of human paraneoplastic neurologic disorder antigens.
principal neutralizing domain
(31 times)
Virology
(16 times)
EIAV (10 times)
HIV-1 (9 times)
HIV (2 times)
1990 Vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus is correlated with the absence of high-affinity/avidity maternal antibodies to the gp120 principal neutralizing domain.
phrenic nerve discharge
(25 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
RTN (9 times)
RVLM (6 times)
commNTS (4 times)
1990 Rostral ventrolateral medulla and sympathorespiratory integration in rats.
10  postnasal drip
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
B-HR (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Are asthma-like symptoms due to bronchial or extrathoracic airway dysfunction?
11  phrenic nerve-diaphragm
(20 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
BC (9 times)
CK (3 times)
EDL (3 times)
1999 Neutralizing capacity of antisera raised in horses and rabbits against Crotalus durissus terrificus (South American rattlesnake) venom and its main toxin, crotoxin.
12  permanent neurological dysfunction
(19 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
TND (10 times)
DHCA (5 times)
ACP (3 times)
2005 Predictor of neurologic dysfunction after elective thoracic aorta repair using selective cerebral perfusion.
13  pyronaridine
(14 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
CQ (4 times)
MDR (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
1990 Experimental studies on combinations of pyronaridine/primaquine versus chloroquine/primaquine.
14  perinatal death
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
IUD (3 times)
NND (3 times)
ENND (2 times)
2006 Audit of perinatal deaths in a tertiary level hospital in Latvia (1995-1999) using the Nordic-Baltic perinatal death classification: evidence of suboptimal care.
15  permanent neurological deficit
(13 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (3 times)
HCA (2 times)
2009 Incidence and prediction of permanent neurological deficits after cardiac surgery - are the existing models of prediction truly global?
16  percentage of nonoverlapping data
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
PEM (4 times)
IRD (3 times)
ABA (2 times)
1998 Summarizing single-subject research. Issues and applications.
17  permanent neonatal diabetes
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
INS (5 times)
GCK (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2004 Permanent neonatal diabetes due to mutations in KCNJ11 encoding Kir6.2: patient characteristics and initial response to sulfonylurea therapy.
18  phonological neighborhood density
(11 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(5 times)
AoA (2 times)
WF (2 times)
bPND (1 time)
2011 Density pervades: an analysis of phonological neighbourhood density effects in aphasic speakers with different types of naming impairment.
19  planned neck dissection
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
CCRT (3 times)
cCR (2 times)
CR (2 times)
2007 [Planned neck dissection after weekly docetaxel and concurrent radiotherapy for advanced oropharyngeal cancer].
20  prenatal genetic diagnosis
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
PGD (4 times)
IVF (3 times)
SCD (3 times)
1998 Attitude of potential users in Sicily towards preimplantation genetic diagnosis for beta-thalassaemia and aneuploidies.
21  programmed nuclear death
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
AIF (2 times)
AO (1 time)
APH (1 time)
2005 A possible role of mitochondria in the apoptotic-like programmed nuclear death of Tetrahymena thermophila.
22  progressive neurological disease
(8 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
baPWV (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
1997 Occupational therapy for patients with chronic diseases: CVA, rheumatoid arthritis and progressive diseases of the central nervous system.
23  polarized neutron diffraction
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
ARM (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2007 Neutron diffraction and theoretical DFT studies of two dimensional molecular-based magnet K2[Mn(H2O)2]3[Mo(CN)7]2.6H2O.
24  postnatal d
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BPA (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
AVPV (1 time)
2009 Dietary soy protein isolate attenuates metabolic syndrome in rats via effects on PPAR, LXR, and SREBP signaling.
25  postnatal development
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HALO (3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2005 Postnatal changes in the expression of p60c-Src in mouse testes.
26  pincer nail deformity
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
VAS (2 times)
SE NiTi (1 time)
2001 A new surgical therapeutic approach to pincer nail deformity.
27  powder neutron diffraction
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
TEM (2 times)
XAS (2 times)
ED (1 time)
2012 Magnetic and structural studies of the multifunctional material SrFe(0.75)Mo(0.25)O(3-delta).
28  panaxydol
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
BDNF (2 times)
NGF (2 times)
NTFs (2 times)
2006 Protective effect of panaxydol and panaxynol on sodium nitroprusside-induced apoptosis in cortical neurons.
29  paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HF (3 times)
ADHF (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
2005 Sleep symptoms and clinical markers of illness in patients with heart failure.
30  Pendimethalin
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AO (1 time)
CT-DNA (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2016 Fresh water fish, Channa punctatus, as a model for pendimethalin genotoxicity testing: A new approach toward aquatic environmental contaminants.
31  polyneuropathy disability
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FAP (2 times)
NIS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Rapid progression of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy: a multinational natural history study.
32  Prophylactic neck dissection
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
cN0 (2 times)
CT (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2010 The surgical strategy and the molecular analysis of patients with parathyroid cancer.
33  partial nitrification and denitrification
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AOB (2 times)
NOB (2 times)
AOA (1 time)
2010 Partial nitrification/denitrification can be attributed to the slow response of nitrite oxidizing bacteria to periodic anoxic disturbances.
34  peripheral nerve dysfunction
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1993 Peripheral nerve lesions in HTLV-I associated myelopathy (HAM/TSP).
35  Positions on Nursing Diagnosis
(4 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
PDE (1 time)
2006 [Adaptation and validation of the "Positions on Nursing Diagnosis" tool to Portuguese language].
36  postoperative neurological deficit
(4 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Postoperative neurological deficit after carotid endarterectomy: a mid-term outcome analysis.
37  pronephric duct
(4 times)
Embryology
(4 times)
CNC (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CGAM (1 time)
1988 A molecular marker for cell guidance information in the axolotl embryo.
38  pelvic-node dissection
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GI (1 time)
PLN (1 time)
RAH (1 time)
1986 Complications of combined radical hysterectomy and pelvic radiation.
39  Perioperative neurocognitive dysfunction
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BIS (1 time)
GB (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2020 [The correlation between tissue oxygen saturation and postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients with one lung ventilation].
40  peripheral nerve damage
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CNSD (1 time)
1995 Preliminary study of an increase of a plasma apolipoprotein E variant associated with peripheral nerve damage. A finding in patients with chronic spinal pain.
41  phrenic nerve-diaphragm model
(3 times)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
TLC (2 times)
MBC (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2014 Vellozia flavicans Mart. ex Schult. hydroalcoholic extract inhibits the neuromuscular blockade induced by Bothrops jararacussu venom.
42  posterior nodal distance
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IR (1 time)
RGCs (1 time)
1988 Peak density and distribution of ganglion cells in the retinae of microchiropteran bats: implications for visual acuity.
43  postnasal drainage
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
AIM (1 time)
EER (1 time)
PPIs (1 time)
2000 The aspiration-irrigation maneuver.
44  programmed nuclear destruction
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
--- 2012 Developmentally programmed nuclear destruction during yeast gametogenesis.
45  paraneoplastic disorder
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PNMA (2 times)
2016 Distinct functional domains of PNMA5 mediate protein-protein interaction, nuclear localization, and apoptosis signaling in human cancer cells.
46  pathologic spontaneous nipple discharge
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
IA (1 time)
NAF (1 time)
2006 Breast cancer detection using mammary ductoscopy.
47  Percent Normalized Difference
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 1997 Effect of vibrations with two different amplitudes on the ECG.
48  peripheral neurologic disease
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DCC (1 time)
2007 Validation of amyloid-beta peptides in CSF diagnosis of neurodegenerative dementias.
49  permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2008 Familial permanent neonatal diabetes with KCNJ11 mutation and the response to glyburide therapy--a three-year follow-up.
50  persistent neurological disease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
TP (2 times)
dpi (1 time)
EL (1 time)
1999 Four distinct neurologic syndromes in Marek's disease: effect of viral strain and pathotype.
51  personal noise dosimetry
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EEIND (1 time)
NIHL (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2010 Field evaluation of measuring indoor noise exposure in workplace with task-based active RFID technology.
52  phrenic nerve damage
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1993 Phrenic nerve damage via a right thoracotomy in older children with secundum ASD.
53  phrenic nerve dysfunction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
ICU LOS (1 time)
2002 Is phrenic nerve dysfunction after cardiac surgery related to internal mammary harvesting?
54  Phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
BthTX-I (1 time)
Cdt (1 time)
HBE (1 time)
2001 Neutralization of the pharmacological effects of bothropstoxin-I from Bothrops jararacussu (jararacucu) venom by crotoxin antiserum and heparin.
55  pilonidal disease
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
BGFMCF (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2016 Bilateral gluteal advancement flap for treatment of recurrent sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease: A prospective cohort study.
56  pinacidil
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HDL (2 times)
NFD (2 times)
DOC (1 time)
1985 [Pharmacological studies on pinacidil, a new anti-hypertensive agent. 1. Antihypertensive effects in SHR and DOC/saline hypertensive rats].
57  polymer/ND
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CNT (1 time)
nano (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2019 Polymer/nanodiamond composites - a comprehensive review from synthesis and fabrication to properties and applications.
58  pore number distribution
(2 times)
Entropy
(1 time)
ISEC (1 time)
PNM (1 time)
PPM (1 time)
2006 Pore structural characterization of monolithic silica columns by inverse size-exclusion chromatography.
59  post natal-days
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
OT (1 time)
2011 Adolescent oxytocin exposure causes persistent reductions in anxiety and alcohol consumption and enhances sociability in rats.
60  postnasal drip syndrome
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BHR (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
1997 The role of the methacholine inhalation challenge in adult patients presenting with chronic cough.
61  postponed neonatal deaths
(2 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Factors differentiating postponed neonatal death from survival in low birth weight infants.
62  predominantly non-dopaminergic
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
2014 Importance of nondopaminergic features in evaluating disease severity of Parkinson disease.
63  prehospital neurologic deterioration
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2007 Prehospital neurologic deterioration in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.
64  pudendal nerve decompression
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
PNE (1 time)
2004 Pudendal nerve decompression in perineology: a case series.
65  5-9-postnatal-day-old
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DY (1 time)
FB (1 time)
NY (1 time)
1987 Intrinsically directed pruning as a mechanism regulating the elimination of transient collateral pathways.
66  age-postnatal day
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CPFE (1 time)
Pre (1 time)
2014 Using the context preexposure facilitation effect to study long-term context memory in preweanling, juvenile, adolescent, and adult rats.
67  development---Postnatal Day
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CFC (1 time)
FASD (1 time)
IEGs (1 time)
2021 Mechanisms of context conditioning in the developing rat.
68  nerve-phrenic diaphragm preparations
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EPPs (1 time)
MEPPs (1 time)
PLA2 (1 time)
2016 Ultrastructural aspects of mouse nerve-muscle preparation exposed to Bothrops jararacussu and Bothrops bilineatus venoms and their toxins BthTX-I and Bbil-TX: Unknown myotoxic effects.
69  p-norm difference test
(1 time)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
DCMs (1 time)
DiNA (1 time)
2021 Comparing Statistical Tests for Differential Network Analysis of Gene Modules.
70  Pai-Neng-Da
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2020 GPX3 methylation is associated with hematologic improvement in low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome patients treated with Pai-Neng-Da.
71  pain, numbness and groin discomfort
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ITT (1 time)
TIMELI (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2014 Post-operative benefits of Tisseel(®)/Tissucol (®) for mesh fixation in patients undergoing Lichtenstein inguinal hernia repair: secondary results from the TIMELI trial.
72  Paraneoplastic neurologic degeneration
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 [Paraneoplastic neurologic degeneration revealing ovarian cancer recurrence].
73  parenteral nutrition dependence
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
IFALD (1 time)
IRP (1 time)
2021 Twelve-year outcomes of intestinal failure-associated liver disease in children with short-bowel syndrome: 97% transplant-free survival and 81% enteral autonomy.
74  partial nitrification followed by denitrification
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
IASBR (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2014 Nitrogen removal from slaughterhouse wastewater through partial nitrification followed by denitrification in intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactors at 11 degreeC.
75  partial nitrification-denitrification treatment system
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EfOM (1 time)
PC (1 time)
ZIF-8 (1 time)
2020 Phosphate removal by ZIF-8@MWCNT hybrids in presence of effluent organic matter: Adsorbent structure, wastewater quality, and DFT analysis.
76  partial node dissection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIT (1 time)
DBH/BCG (1 time)
DFI (1 time)
1987 Adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy after regional lymphadenectomy for malignant melanoma.
77  particle number density
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2005 Impacts of biodiesel on pollutant emissions of a JP-8-fueled turbine engine.
78  particle number size distribution
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NPF (1 time)
PNCs (1 time)
SMPS (1 time)
2017 Characterization of particle number size distribution and new particle formation in Southern China.
79  Pastoral Narrative Disclosure
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Chaplaincy, Spiritual Care and Moral Injury: Considerations Regarding Screening and Treatment.
80  pathologic ND
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
ND (1 time)
PNML (1 time)
2014 Use of ductoscopy as an additional diagnostic method and its applications in nipple discharge.
81  patients with no dementia
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MCI (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
2019 The Changing Profile of Patients in a Geriatric Medicine Led Memory Clinic over 12 Years.
82  pectoral-nipple distance
(1 time)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
MLO (1 time)
2014 Breast Positioning during Mammography: Mistakes to be Avoided.
83  Pedestrian Network Data
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2015 Techniques for Updating Pedestrian Network Data Including Facilities and Obstructions Information for Transportation of Vulnerable People.
84  Pediatric neurotransmitter disease
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Pediatric neurotransmitter disease in Japan].
85  peer navigator direct distribution
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
HIVST (1 time)
IPN (1 time)
2021 Effect of peer-distributed HIV self-test kits on demand for biomedical HIV prevention in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a three-armed cluster-randomised trial comparing social networks versus direct delivery.
86  Pegboard Test nondominant hand
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
HDS (1 time)
HVLT-R (1 time)
2004 Initial validation of a screening battery for the detection of HIV-associated cognitive impairment.
87  pelvic nerve denervation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
POD (1 time)
2017 [Establishment of pelvic nerve denervation modal in mice].
88  pendimethalin-based herbicide
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Pendimethalin-based herbicide impairs cellular immune response and haemocyte morphology in a beneficial ground beetle.
89  penindolone
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IAV (1 time)
o-QM (1 time)
2020 Chemoreactive-Inspired Discovery of Influenza A Virus Dual Inhibitor to Block Hemagglutinin-Mediated Adsorption and Membrane Fusion.
90  peptide gene
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Investigation of the human ANP gene in type 1 diabetic nephropathy: case-control and follow-up studies.
91  percent nucleotide divergence
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MuV (1 time)
2016 Complete genome sequence of mumps viruses isolated from patients with parotitis, pancreatitis and encephalitis in India.
92  perceptive nerve deafness
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ICS (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2001 [Iodine deficiency and perceptive nerve deafness].
93  percutaneous abdominal needle decompression
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
etCO2 (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2017 Anesthetic considerations for patients with esophageal achalasia undergoing peroral endoscopic myotomy: a retrospective case series review.
94  percutaneous nephrostomy drainage
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Urinary tract obstruction and nephrostomy drainage in pelvic malignant disease.
95  Percutaneous nucleotomy and drainage
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2013 Clinical outcome of percutaneous drainage for spondylodiscitis.
96  perinidal dip
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
2008 Territorial and microvascular perfusion impairment in brain arteriovenous malformations.
97  Peripartum depression
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AR-PND (1 time)
HCW (1 time)
2021 Peripartum depression: Does risk versus diagnostic status impact mother-infant bonding and perceived social support?
98  Peripheral nerve defects
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NGC (1 time)
2020 A New Synthetic Conduit for the Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Injuries.
99  Peripheral Neurological Disorders
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Diagnosis of misdiagnosis: on some of the origins and functions of psychophysical misdiagnosis.
100  Peripheral Neuropathy Disability
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Real-world outcomes in non-endemic hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis with polyneuropathy: a 20-year German single-referral centre experience.