A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PP

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PP
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 7 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PP
Appearance Frequency: 16658 time(s)
Long forms: 2238

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
polypropylene
(2115 times)
Environmental Health
(557 times)
PE (427 times)
PS (294 times)
PET (282 times)
1976 Subcutaneous implants of polypropylene filaments.
pulse pressure
(1992 times)
Vascular Diseases
(655 times)
BP (564 times)
SBP (541 times)
DBP (405 times)
1977 Heat production and oxygen consumption of the isolated rabbit heart: their relation to mechanical function.
pancreatic polypeptide
(1380 times)
Gastroenterology
(232 times)
PYY (260 times)
NPY (184 times)
CCK (142 times)
1976 Pancreatic polypeptide in insulinomas, gastrinomas, vipomas, and glucagonomas.
per-protocol
(948 times)
Gastroenterology
(164 times)
ITT (712 times)
CI (108 times)
H. pylori (75 times)
1995 Are ulcer healing and prophylaxis studies appropriately analysed?
Peyer's patches
(737 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(434 times)
MLN (144 times)
GALT (49 times)
LP (46 times)
1975 Rabbit Peyer's patches, appendix, and popliteal lymph node B lymphocytes: a comparative analysis of their membrane immunoglobulin components and plasma cell precursor potential.
postpartum
(560 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(216 times)
AP (58 times)
BCS (31 times)
NEFA (24 times)
1975 [Histogenesis of the immune system of the "nude" mouse. II. Postnatal development of the thymus: a light microscopical study (author's transl)].
protein phosphatase
(353 times)
Biochemistry
(76 times)
OA (45 times)
AD (27 times)
PKA (17 times)
1988 Ontogeny of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A in developing rat lung.
peak power
(293 times)
Physiology
(146 times)
MP (122 times)
PF (43 times)
CMJ (35 times)
1985 Maximal power outputs during the Wingate anaerobic test.
primary progressive
(209 times)
Neurology
(140 times)
MS (169 times)
SP (141 times)
RR (140 times)
1995 Correlation between magnetic resonance imaging and clinical parameters in multiple sclerosis.
10  perfusion pressure
(198 times)
Physiology
(50 times)
GFR (33 times)
RVR (24 times)
UF (23 times)
1975 Coronary collateral function in patients without occlusive coronary artery disease.
11  perforant path
(185 times)
Neurology
(75 times)
DG (74 times)
LTP (71 times)
PS (25 times)
1976 [Effect of disconnecting cortical input on the activity of hippocampal neurons].
12  precocious puberty
(157 times)
Pediatrics
(60 times)
MAS (17 times)
GnRH (16 times)
CPP (15 times)
1975 Preliminary report on behavioral (Beh) change in a 2-year-old boy with precocious puberty (PP) following L-DOPA (D) treatment.
13  prone position
(157 times)
Critical Care
(48 times)
ARDS (63 times)
SP (24 times)
COVID-19 (17 times)
1998 Respective and combined effects of prone position and inhaled nitric oxide in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
14  plasmapheresis
(153 times)
Transplantation
(61 times)
IVIG (33 times)
AMR (22 times)
DSA (18 times)
1980 Effect of plasmapheresis (PP), corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide in essential mixed polyclonal cryoglobulinaemia associated with glomerulonephritis.
15  propylparaben
(110 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
MP (76 times)
EP (44 times)
BP (42 times)
1990 Early proliferative responses of forestomach and glandular stomach of rats treated with five different phenolic antioxidants.
16  protoporphyrin
(107 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
ALA (16 times)
EPP (16 times)
CP (12 times)
1975 Effect of "drugs for liver disease" on hepatotoxic action of carbon tetrachloride. I. Changes of lysosomal enzyme levels and effect of protoporphyrin on the levels.
17  pneumoperitoneum
(105 times)
General Surgery
(48 times)
MAP (10 times)
IAP (9 times)
HR (8 times)
1992 [Monosymptomatic pneumoperitoneum is not an indication for surgery].
18  peroxisome proliferator
(102 times)
Toxicology
(36 times)
PPARalpha (23 times)
DEHP (16 times)
PPAR (11 times)
1987 Peroxisome proliferator-binding protein: identification and partial characterization of nafenopin-, clofibric acid-, and ciprofibrate-binding proteins from rat liver.
19  pentose phosphate
(99 times)
Biotechnology
(42 times)
ED (18 times)
EMP (16 times)
TCA (9 times)
1977 The role of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase in Rhizobium.
20  postprandial
(91 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
TG (16 times)
PA (8 times)
BMI (5 times)
1977 Left atrial pressure and postprandial diuresis in conscious dogs on a high sodium intake.
21  paliperidone palmitate
(87 times)
Psychiatry
(27 times)
LAI (18 times)
PANSS (16 times)
RLAI (9 times)
2009 Paliperidone palmitate, a potential long-acting treatment for patients with schizophrenia. Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study.
22  placenta previa
(87 times)
Obstetrics
(37 times)
PAS (16 times)
CS (15 times)
PA (10 times)
1979 Midtrimester placenta previa: normal or pathologic finding.
23  particulate phosphorus
(79 times)
Environmental Health
(78 times)
TP (42 times)
DP (18 times)
SS (12 times)
2001 Particulate phosphorus and sediment in surface runoff and drainflow from clayey soils.
24  pyrophosphate
(70 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
TPP (8 times)
HA (6 times)
ATP (5 times)
1954 On the separation of inorganic pyrophosphate (PP) from the phosphoric esters of adenosine; solubilizing action of ATP on the Mn-salts of PP.
25  primary patency
(67 times)
Vascular Diseases
(44 times)
SP (23 times)
CI (11 times)
CLI (9 times)
2001 Survival of prosthetic grafts of different materials after impairment of a native arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients.
26  porous polyethylene
(64 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
HA (12 times)
PE (4 times)
PMMA (4 times)
1991 Preparation of thermo-responsive membranes. II.
27  penile prosthesis
(61 times)
Urology
(34 times)
ED (22 times)
IPP (7 times)
AUS (5 times)
2007 Combination therapy for male erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence.
28  pancreatic pseudocyst
(59 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
EUS (8 times)
WON (7 times)
CT (6 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
29  polyphenols
(58 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(23 times)
PA (6 times)
DF (5 times)
FS (3 times)
1993 [The effect of natural polyphenol compounds on the oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins].
30  periportal
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
PV (43 times)
PC (10 times)
GST (3 times)
1980 Histochemical acitivity of acid phosphatase in rat liver after perfusion fixation.
31  particulate P
(51 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
TP (28 times)
DRP (16 times)
DP (12 times)
2001 Particulate phosphorus transport by sub-surface drainage from agricultural land in the UK. Environmental significance at the catchment and national scale.
32  posterior pituitary
(51 times)
Endocrinology
(19 times)
PVN (13 times)
AP (10 times)
ME (8 times)
1975 Triiodothyronine binding in rat anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary, median eminence and brain.
33  protein precipitation
(51 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(29 times)
SPE (22 times)
LLE (16 times)
MRM (9 times)
2001 Protein precipitation In Vitro as a measure of chemical-induced cytotoxicity: an EDIT sub-programme.
34  posterior probability
(45 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
RR (9 times)
CI (3 times)
ML (3 times)
1992 Bayesian analysis supports use of ambulatory blood pressure monitors for screening.
35  primary production
(45 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
BP (3 times)
Chl a (3 times)
Chl-a (3 times)
2004 The annual cycle of primary productivity in a tropical estuary: the inner regions of the Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica.
36  primary prophylaxis
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
FN (29 times)
G-CSF (24 times)
SP (16 times)
1993 Aerosolized pentamidine for primary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: a controlled, randomized trial.
37  positive psychology
(44 times)
Cognitive Science
(24 times)
EFL (6 times)
MI (5 times)
SLA (4 times)
2010 [Severe depression : psychological aspects of management].
38  precocious pubarche
(43 times)
Endocrinology
(27 times)
PCOS (13 times)
LBW (9 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
1990 Adrenal steroidogenic function in a black and Hispanic population with precocious pubarche.
39  percent positivity
(41 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ELISA (6 times)
SI (6 times)
IRS (4 times)
1986 Comparative histological, histochemical, immunohistochemical and biochemical studies on oestrogen receptors, lectin receptors, and Barr bodies in human breast cancer.
40  primary prevention
(41 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
SP (20 times)
ICD (13 times)
ICDs (8 times)
2006 Treatment with chitin microparticles is protective against lung histopathology in a murine asthma model.
41  physical performance
(40 times)
Geriatrics
(12 times)
MS (5 times)
PA (5 times)
CG (4 times)
1994 [A comparative evaluation of 2 physical loading tests in arterial hypertension].
42  premature pubarche
(39 times)
Endocrinology
(28 times)
BMI (8 times)
PCOS (7 times)
PA (5 times)
1995 Usefulness of an ACTH test in the diagnosis of nonclassical 21-hydroxylase deficiency among children presenting with premature pubarche.
43  plant protein
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
FM (15 times)
AP (11 times)
NP (6 times)
1995 Vitamin B-6 requirement and status assessment: young women fed a depletion diet followed by a plant- or animal-protein diet with graded amounts of vitamin B-6.
44  plasma protein
(37 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
PCV (6 times)
Hct (5 times)
RBC (4 times)
1978 Plasma volume changes with movement to supine and standing positions.
45  paired-pulse
(36 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
TMS (10 times)
LTP (6 times)
DG (3 times)
1988 Paired pulse pacing increases cardiac O2 consumption for activation without changing efficiency of contractile machinery in canine left ventricle.
46  polypharmacy
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PIM (9 times)
OR (6 times)
EPP (4 times)
1999 Polypharmacy among older men in South Wales.
47  periodic paralysis
(35 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
TPP (4 times)
NDM (3 times)
HyperPP (2 times)
1987 HLA and thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in Japanese patients.
48  ponticulus posticus
(35 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CBCT (9 times)
CT (5 times)
VA (5 times)
2014 Ponticulus posticus on the posterior arch of atlas, prevalence analysis in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients of gulbarga population.
49  phosphatases
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Tf (5 times)
Hp (4 times)
ACP (3 times)
1983 [Polymorphic biochemical systems in the population of immigrant inhabitants of the northeastern USSR. I. The genetic structure and its heterogeneity due to sexual dimorphism and to the duration of separate groups living under extreme environmental conditions].
50  phosphophoryn
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
DSP (17 times)
DSPP (5 times)
KO (3 times)
1988 Two classes of dentin phosphophoryns, from a wide range of species, contain immunologically cross-reactive epitope regions.
51  private practice
(32 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
UH (7 times)
HO (6 times)
MPS (5 times)
1996 Attitudes of Swedish dentists to the choice of dental X-ray film and collimator for oral radiology.
52  physical practice
(30 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MI (14 times)
MP (7 times)
ARAT (2 times)
1993 The effects of imagery abilities and mental rehearsal on learning a nursing skill.
53  point prevalence
(29 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
CI (7 times)
OR (4 times)
IR (3 times)
2001 Systemic lupus erythematosus in the Arctic region of Norway.
54  pneumococcal pneumonia
(28 times)
Communicable Diseases
(9 times)
IPD (7 times)
CAP (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1987 Comparative clinical and laboratory features of legionella with pneumococcal and mycoplasma pneumonias.
55  predicted probability
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CI (7 times)
OR (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
2001 Comparison of findings on cranial ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in preterm infants.
56  Prurigo pigmentosa
(28 times)
Dermatology
(20 times)
KD (2 times)
HHV-6 (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1998 Bullous prurigo pigmentosa and diabetes.
57  pyrvinium pamoate
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
LCSCs (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
2004 Antitumor activity of pyrvinium pamoate, 6-(dimethylamino)-2-[2-(2,5-dimethyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrrol-3-yl)ethenyl]-1-methyl-quinolinium pamoate salt, showing preferential cytotoxicity during glucose starvation.
58  pea protein
(27 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
XG (5 times)
CAT (3 times)
GPx (3 times)
2007 Comparison of alpha-tocopherol microparticles produced with different wall materials: pea protein a new interesting alternative.
59  plantar pressure
(27 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
COP (3 times)
IAP (2 times)
IH (2 times)
2000 Effects of cool, dry air stimulation on peripheral lung mechanics in asthma.
60  pomegranate peel
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
MDA (4 times)
EA (3 times)
TPC (3 times)
2015 Effect of feeding ensiled mixture of pomegranate pulp and drier feeds on digestibility and milk performance in dairy cows.
61  pleural plaques
(26 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
MM (4 times)
DPT (3 times)
AE (2 times)
1980 The pathogenesis of pleural plaques and pulmonary asbestosis: possibilities and impossibilities.
62  precautionary principle
(26 times)
Statistics as Topic
(7 times)
DT (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
2001 Learning from the law to address uncertainty in the precautionary principle.
63  primiparous
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
MP (26 times)
DMI (4 times)
NEFA (4 times)
1999 Thyroid volume, urinary and milk iodine in mothers after delivery and their newborns in iodine-replete country.
64  pulsatile perfusion
(25 times)
Transplantation
(16 times)
NP (9 times)
DGF (7 times)
CPB (6 times)
1987 A randomized prospective trial of cold storage versus pulsatile perfusion for cadaver kidney preservation.
65  peak power output
(24 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
MP (12 times)
PV (9 times)
MV (8 times)
1997 The influence of recovery duration on high-intensity exercise performance after oral creatine supplementation.
66  per-protocol analysis
(24 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
ITT (20 times)
CI (3 times)
H. pylori (3 times)
2000 Efficacy of a multistep strategy for Helicobacter pylori eradication.
67  polyphosphate
(24 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
EBPR (3 times)
PAOs (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1978 Localization of polyphosphate in vacuoles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
68  placenta percreta
(23 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
PI (6 times)
PA (4 times)
AIP (2 times)
2009 Placenta percreta with urinary tract involvement: the case for a multidisciplinary approach.
69  postoperative pain
(23 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
CI (4 times)
bRFS (2 times)
CPSP (2 times)
1998 [Postoperative ptosis: etiopathogenesis, clinical analysis, and therapeutic management. Apropos of a series of 43 cases].
70  potato peel
(23 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
OP (4 times)
SEM (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1996 Dressing wounds with potato peel.
71  proteose peptone
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IMI (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
PEC (3 times)
1985 Studies on antigens associated with the activation of murine mononuclear phagocytes: kinetics of and requirements for induction of lymphocyte function-associated (LFA)-1 antigen in vitro.
72  pustular psoriasis
(23 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
PV (5 times)
IL (4 times)
ACH (3 times)
1985 Neutrophil and monocyte chemotaxis in pustulosis palmo-plantaris and pustular psoriasis.
73  pin prick
(22 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
LT (19 times)
SCI (9 times)
ISNCSCI (6 times)
1991 Zones of differential sensory block during extradural anaesthesia.
74  plaque psoriasis
(22 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
MF (4 times)
LP (3 times)
RCM (3 times)
2003 Dermoscopic features of plaque psoriasis and lichen planus: new observations.
75  pooled prevalence
(22 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
aCL (4 times)
aPL (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2016 Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
76  portal venous phase
(22 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
AP (19 times)
HCC (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
2002 [Value of triple phase helical CT for the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver].
77  pulsus paradoxus
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
ED (3 times)
CI (2 times)
PEF (2 times)
1976 Pulsus paradoxus in the bedside assessment of patients with bronchial asthma.
78  Postpartum psychosis
(20 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
IL (2 times)
MCP-1 (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
2003 Pharmacotherapy of postpartum psychosis.
79  pancreatic progenitor
(19 times)
Stem Cells
(6 times)
DE (8 times)
hESC (6 times)
ES (2 times)
2006 Sodium butyrate activates genes of early pancreatic development in embryonic stem cells.
80  predominant polarity
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
BD (16 times)
DPP (5 times)
MPP (4 times)
2013 Clinical implications of predominant polarity and the polarity index in bipolar disorder: a naturalistic study.
81  portal phase
(18 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
AP (13 times)
CT (8 times)
DP (8 times)
1997 Nodular hepatocellular carcinomas: detection with arterial-, portal-, and delayed-phase images at spiral CT.
82  pour point
(18 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CP (6 times)
CFPP (4 times)
OT (4 times)
2007 Evaluation of two methods of measuring the absorbing capacity of paper points.
83  prepubertal
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
LP (3 times)
MP (3 times)
CB (2 times)
1991 Aldosterone and prolactin response to exercise in the heat in circumpubertal boys.
84  primary position
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
PD (5 times)
IO (3 times)
SO (3 times)
1991 [Physiologic and pathologic rebound nystagmus. Description and comparison].
85  protein percentage
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
MY (12 times)
FP (11 times)
QTL (9 times)
2006 Multitrait quantitative trait Loci mapping for milk production traits in danish Holstein cattle.
86  pseudomyxoma peritonei
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CAD (1 time)
CK7 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1981 Peritoneal washing therapy for pseudomyxoma peritonei.
87  pseudopotential
(18 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DFT (4 times)
AE (3 times)
DKH (3 times)
2005 Relativistic effects determined using the Douglas-Kroll contracted basis sets and correlation consistent basis sets with small-core relativistic pseudopotentials.
88  paraplegia
(17 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
TP (13 times)
SCI (11 times)
AB (4 times)
1994 Properties of the venous vascular system in the lower extremities of individuals with paraplegia.
89  primary polydipsia
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
AVP (6 times)
DI (6 times)
PPS (5 times)
1997 Hyperuricemia as a clue for central diabetes insipidus (lack of V1 effect) in the differential diagnosis of polydipsia.
90  per-protocol population
(16 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
ITT (7 times)
AEs (5 times)
SVR12 (5 times)
2008 Efficacy of cefditoren in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections: a pooled analysis of six clinical trials.
91  piperine
(16 times)
Biology
(3 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
GMs (2 times)
6-OHDA (1 time)
2014 Series of new beta-cyclodextrin-cored starlike carriers for gene delivery.
92  poor prognosis
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GP (11 times)
AP (2 times)
ACOVE-3 (1 time)
1988 Prognostic value of estrogen and progesterone receptors in operable breast cancer. Results of a univariate and multivariate analysis.
93  porcine pericardium
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
BHVs (6 times)
BP (4 times)
GLUT (4 times)
2010 Simulated thin pericardial bioprosthetic valve leaflet deformation under static pressure-only loading conditions: implications for percutaneous valves.
94  potentiodynamic polarization
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EIS (13 times)
AFM (4 times)
FTIR (3 times)
2016 The effect of simulated inflammatory conditions on the surface properties of titanium and stainless steel and their importance as biomaterials.
95  predictive processing
(16 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
BPD (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
PRISMA (1 time)
2016 The Predictive Processing Paradigm Has Roots in Kant.
96  polypathological patients
(15 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
BI (3 times)
aTL (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2007 [Risk factors associated to mortality and functional deterioration in pluripathologic patients with heart failure].
97  posterior parietal
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BO (2 times)
DTI (2 times)
MST (2 times)
1986 [Visual information processing from the retina to the prefrontal cortex].
98  protein-protein
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PR (3 times)
PL (2 times)
r-proteins (2 times)
1981 Comparative analysis of specificity in protein-protein interactions. Part I.: A theoretical and mathematical approach to specificity in protein-protein interactions.
99  parkinsonian patients
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CS (5 times)
PD (4 times)
ERD/ERS (2 times)
1981 Prolactin response as an index of dopaminergic receptor function in Parkinson's disease. Correlation with clinical findings and therapeutic response.
100  pelvic pain
(14 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CI (3 times)
LBP (3 times)
OR (3 times)
2012 Prevalence of low back and pelvic pain during pregnancy in a Norwegian population.