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Abbreviation: PPE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
personal protective equipment
(2303 times)
Environmental Health
(268 times)
COVID-19 (337 times)
HCWs (170 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (131 times)
1985 Styrene vapor control systems in FRP yacht plants.
porcine pancreatic elastase
(241 times)
Biochemistry
(55 times)
HNE (34 times)
COPD (28 times)
HLE (28 times)
1984 The role of nicotine in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema.
preproenkephalin
(190 times)
Neurology
(98 times)
PPT (33 times)
PPD (31 times)
DA (18 times)
1988 Similar time course changes in striatal levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase and proenkephalin mRNA following dopaminergic deafferentation in the rat.
palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia
(106 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
PLD (38 times)
OS (9 times)
CI (8 times)
1990 Pyridoxine therapy for palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia associated with continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion.
parapneumonic effusion
(55 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
ADA (7 times)
CPPE (7 times)
MPE (7 times)
2000 Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the differential diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion.
pomegranate peel extract
(54 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
MDA (4 times)
MIC (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
2007 Pomegranate peel extract prevents liver fibrosis in biliary-obstructed rats.
preparticipation evaluation
(52 times)
Sports Medicine
(27 times)
ECG (9 times)
NCAA (3 times)
SCD (3 times)
1991 The preparticipation evaluation.
preparticipation physical evaluation
(49 times)
Sports Medicine
(21 times)
ECG (7 times)
SCD (5 times)
AHA (3 times)
1995 Pre-participation examination: a new form for Hawaii.
plasma protein extravasation
(41 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
CGRP (9 times)
SP (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1984 Mononuclear cell accumulation and plasma protein extravasation (PPE) during induction, remission and re-challenge of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the rat.
10  poly(phenylene ethynylene)
(34 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
CPEs (7 times)
PPV (4 times)
OPEs (3 times)
2003 Capture and detection of a quencher labeled oligonucleotide by poly(phenylene ethynylene) particles.
11  parapneumonic pleural effusion
(25 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
PE (5 times)
ROC (5 times)
AUC (4 times)
2002 Pleural-fluid myeloperoxidase in complicated and noncomplicated parapneumonic pleural effusions.
12  Pruritic papular eruption
(25 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
HIV (8 times)
EF (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1992 UVB phototherapy of the pruritic papular eruption of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
13  porcine proliferative enteropathy
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
LI (3 times)
PCR (3 times)
IFA (2 times)
1992 Experimental reproduction of porcine proliferative enteritis.
14  proline-proline-glutamic acid
(23 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
PE (11 times)
Mtb (6 times)
MAP (3 times)
2009 The PPE18 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis interacts with TLR2 and activates IL-10 induction in macrophage.
15  peer physical examination
(19 times)
Education
(12 times)
EFS (4 times)
AT (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2004 Exploring medical students' attitudes towards peer physical examination.
16  porcine placental extract
(19 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
ROS (3 times)
HA (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
2001 Role of anti-Gal alpha13Gal and anti-platelet antibodies in hyperacute rejection of pig lung by human blood.
17  primary premature ejaculation
(19 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
IELT (8 times)
PEDT (3 times)
PEP (3 times)
1989 Premature ejaculation: clinical subgroups and etiology.
18  pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
CSC (9 times)
UCP (6 times)
PNV (5 times)
2016 Pachychoroid neovasculopathy: aspect on optical coherence tomography angiography.
19  porous polyethylene
(18 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
ECM (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2000 Vertical chin augmentation with interpositional porous polyethylene implants: a histologic study in monkeys.
20  percentage of parasitized erythrocytes
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
PCV (3 times)
DMSO (2 times)
ITS (2 times)
1993 Effect of 4-bromo-calcium ionophore A23187 on release of Anaplasma marginale from bovine erythrocytes in vitro.
21  pooled prevalence estimate
(17 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PRISMA (3 times)
CI (2 times)
WoS (2 times)
2014 The prevalence of the extensor indicis tendon and its variants: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
22  postpneumonectomy empyema
(17 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
BPF (7 times)
OWT (3 times)
VATS (2 times)
1994 Post-pneumonectomy empyema.
23  polyphosphoester
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
NGCs (2 times)
DLS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2001 A new nerve guide conduit material composed of a biodegradable poly(phosphoester).
24  polyphenol extract
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
HFHS (2 times)
CD36 (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2007 Antitumor activity of polyphenolic extract of Ichnocarpus frutescens.
25  preplacodal ectoderm
(11 times)
Embryology
(6 times)
BMP (3 times)
CNC (1 time)
CNGA (1 time)
2004 Six1 promotes a placodal fate within the lateral neurogenic ectoderm by functioning as both a transcriptional activator and repressor.
26  perceived phonatory effort
(10 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(5 times)
PTP (8 times)
IS (2 times)
CPP (1 time)
2004 Do vocal warm-up exercises alleviate vocal fatigue?
27  posterior pelvic exenteration
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
TPE (5 times)
APE (2 times)
APR (1 time)
1991 [Posterior pelvic exenteration in the treatment of extraperitoneal rectal cancer in females].
28  postpartum estrus
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DO (1 time)
1984 Postpartum and lactational estrus: a comparative analysis in rodentia.
29  pancreatic porcine elastase
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1991 Human aortic elastin from normal individuals and atherosclerotic patients: lipid and cation contents; susceptibility to elastolysis.
30  Professional Practice Environment
(8 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
CCUs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PPWEI (1 time)
2004 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) scale.
31  proline-proline-glutamate
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PE (5 times)
Mtb (3 times)
CSF (1 time)
2006 Mycobacterium tuberculosis SigM positively regulates Esx secreted protein and nonribosomal peptide synthetase genes and down regulates virulence-associated surface lipid synthesis.
32  protective personal equipment
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
GAD-7 (1 time)
2018 An assessment of the level of awareness and reported complaints regarding occupational health hazards and the utilization of personal protective equipments among the welders of Lahore, Pakistan.
33  parapneumonic empyema
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CAP (2 times)
MRSA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2010 Molecular analysis improves pathogen identification and epidemiologic study of pediatric parapneumonic empyema.
34  pediatric parapneumonic empyema
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
IPD (1 time)
OPAT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2008 Pediatric parapneumonic empyema, Spain.
35  porcine pancreatic extracts
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DGL (2 times)
HPJ (2 times)
BCL (1 time)
2002 Alpha amylase is a major allergenic component in occupational asthma patients caused by porcine pancreatic extract.
36  push-pull effect
(7 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(5 times)
PPM (2 times)
USAF (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1998 Frequency of the "push-pull effect" in U.S. Air Force fighter operations.
37  perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ANS (1 time)
ANSA (1 time)
IAD (1 time)
2008 Are Cross-hatching Incisions Mandatory for Correction of Cartilaginous Septal Deviation?
38  phenethyl phenyl ether
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
alpha-hydroxy PPE (1 time)
BDEs (1 time)
BPE (1 time)
2008 Computational prediction of alpha/beta selectivities in the pyrolysis of oxygen-substituted phenethyl phenyl ethers.
39  photopyroelectric
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
ASC (1 time)
HexB-SmA (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
2005 Static and dynamic thermal quantities near the consolute point of the binary liquid mixture aniline-cyclohexane studied with a photopyroelectric technique and adiabatic scanning calorimetry.
40  postpartum endometritis
(6 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
IAI (3 times)
AI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1988 Postpartum endometritis. Pathophysiology and prevention.
41  probability of paternity exclusion
(6 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
DP (5 times)
PIC (4 times)
STR (2 times)
2000 [Genescan for STR analysis and genetic distribution in a population sample from Han, China].
42  professional practice evaluation
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CME (2 times)
AFCOR (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
2007 [Evaluation of Best Practices in the improvement and quality of care: seven notions for better understanding].
43  Photosynthetic picoeukaryotes
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CCS (1 time)
FTP (1 time)
NPSG (1 time)
2009 Groups without cultured representatives dominate eukaryotic picophytoplankton in the oligotrophic South East Pacific Ocean.
44  polyphenon E
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
EGCG (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
2007 Inhibition of intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(min/+) mice by green tea polyphenols (polyphenon E) and individual catechins.
45  pomegranate peel
(5 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AOPP (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
GPE (1 time)
2013 Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extract provides protection against mercuric chloride-induced oxidative stress in Wistar strain rats.
46  porcine pulmonary edema
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
ELEM (2 times)
FB1 (2 times)
1994 Methods for Detection and Quantitation of Fumonisins in Corn, Cereal Products and Animal Excreta.
47  postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ANP (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
FFP (1 time)
1993 Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema. A retrospective analysis of associated variables.
48  potato peel extract
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
BHT (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2005 Potato peel extract-a natural antioxidant for retarding lipid peroxidation in radiation processed lamb meat.
49  pre-mRNA processing enhancer
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CJE (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1998 Pre-mRNA processing enhancer (PPE) element increases the expression of an intronless thymidylate synthase gene but does not affect intron-dependent S phase regulation.
50  pressure Poisson equation
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CFD (2 times)
PIV (1 time)
SPH (1 time)
1994 Determining cardiac velocity fields and intraventricular pressure distribution from a sequence of ultrafast CT cardiac images.
51  prorenin processing enzyme
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AcMNPV (1 time)
CTSB (1 time)
IQF (1 time)
1995 Role of cathepsin B as prorenin processing enzyme in human kidney.
52  protective equipment
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CON (1 time)
HS (1 time)
HWs (1 time)
2018 Comparison of Thermal Manikin Modeling and Human Subjects' Response During Use of Cooling Devices Under Personal Protective Ensembles in the Heat.
53  protein precipitation extraction
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
LLE (2 times)
LLOQ (2 times)
ESI (1 time)
2012 Development and optimization of simplified LC-MS/MS quantification of 25-hydroxyvitamin D using protein precipitation combined with on-line solid phase extraction (SPE).
54  Papulopruritic eruption
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
2010 Antihistamines are superior to topical steroids in managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated papular pruritic eruption.
55  peanut protein extract
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
EPIT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
EGIDs (1 time)
2004 CTLA-4 signaling regulates the intensity of hypersensitivity responses to food antigens, but is not decisive in the induction of sensitization.
56  peritoneal protein excretion
(4 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
APD (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2010 Peritoneal protein transport during the baseline peritoneal equilibration test is an accurate predictor of the outcome of peritoneal dialysis patients.
57  plasma-polymerized ethylene
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
1979 Bioevaluation of plasma polymerized films in skeletal muscle.
58  polyphosphate ester
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMAP (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2001 Tuning Stereoselection in Tethered Biginelli Condensations. Synthesis of cis- or trans-1-Oxo- and 1-Iminohexahydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidines.
59  posterior pituitary
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CIGHD (2 times)
GHD (2 times)
1993 Modern imaging techniques in GH secretory disorders.
60  practical participatory evaluation
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
AAD (1 time)
2011 A mixed method study of propensity for participatory evaluation.
61  push-and-pull enteroscopy
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
APC (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Push-and-pull enteroscopy in the small bowel using the double-balloon technique: results of a prospective European multicenter study.
62  palmar plantar erythema
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CTC (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2003 Analysis of the time course and prognostic factors determining toxicity due to infused fluorouracil.
63  paralytic pontine exotropia
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NPPE (2 times)
MLF (1 time)
WEBINO (1 time)
1991 [A case of brainstem infarction presenting with paralytic pontine exotropia and non-paralytic pontine exotropia].
64  parapneumonic
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CRP (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2014 A novel biomarker in the diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin.
65  parental perceptions of exposure
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
TSE (1 time)
2018 Parental perceptions of children's exposure to tobacco smoke: development and validation of a new measure.
66  partially purified extract
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2011 Characterization of an anti-listerial enterocin from wheat silage based Enterococcus faecium.
67  personal protective ensemble
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
SCBA (2 times)
FFs (1 time)
max (1 time)
2006 Effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus and fire protective clothing on maximal oxygen uptake.
68  phytochrome photoequilibria
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
LEDs (2 times)
NL (2 times)
FR (1 time)
2020 The role of light quality of photoperiodic lighting on photosynthesis, flowering and metabolic profiling in Ranunculus asiaticus L.
69  Pigeon protozoal encephalitis
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IFN (1 time)
IL (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2013 Modulation of the host Th1 immune response in pigeon protozoal encephalitis caused by Sarcocystis calchasi.
70  planar polarity effector
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PCP (2 times)
CPLANE (1 time)
fz (1 time)
2004 Inturned localizes to the proximal side of wing cells under the instruction of upstream planar polarity proteins.
71  poly(phenylene ether)
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EVA (1 time)
PGC (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2008 Effect of silica nanoparticles on reinforcement of poly(phenylene ether) based thermoplastic elastomer.
72  PPE configuration
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Effects of firefighting hood design, laundering and doffing on smoke protection, heat stress and wearability.
73  preparticipation exams
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2007 Use of natriuretic peptides in pre-participation screening of college athletes.
74  prolonged pleural effusion
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
3days (1 time)
AV (1 time)
DORV (1 time)
2019 Prophylactic Opening of the Pleural Cavity for Postoperative Drainage is a Risk Factor for Prolonged Pleural Effusion After a Fontan Operation.
75  pseudopapilledema
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PE (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2017 Accuracy of Diagnostic Imaging Modalities for Classifying Pediatric Eyes as Papilledema Versus Pseudopapilledema.
76  public and patient engagement
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
CADTH (1 time)
HTA (1 time)
OG (1 time)
2015 Supporting quality public and patient engagement in health system organizations: development and usability testing of the Public and Patient Engagement Evaluation Tool.
77  purified polyphenolic extract
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CCSK (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2020 Changes in cell membrane properties and phospholipid fatty acids of bacillus subtilis induced by polyphenolic extract of Sanguisorba officinalis L.
78  purple potato extract
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2006 Hepatoprotective effects of purple potato extract against D-galactosamine-induced liver injury in rats.
79  P. pseudocaryophyllus ethanolic extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2013 Efficacy of topical formulations containing Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus extract against UVB-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in hairless mice.
80  painful and provocative events
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IPTS (1 time)
2018 An Investigation into the Acquired Capability for Suicide.
81  palliative pelvic exenteration
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRPC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2019 Palliative pelvic exenteration: A systematic review of patient-centered outcomes.
82  panel performance evaluation
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1983 Impact of peer performance-evaluation on job satisfaction.
83  Papillary proliferation of the endometrium
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CPH (1 time)
2012 Papillary proliferation of the endometrium: a clinicopathologic study of 59 cases of simple and complex papillae without cytologic atypia.
84  parallel plate-electrodes
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FOM (1 time)
IDE (1 time)
IDEs (1 time)
2005 Design and analysis of a PZT-based micromachined acoustic sensor with increased sensitivity.
85  parapneumonic pneumococcal empyema
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
IPD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Expansion of serotype coverage in the universal pediatric vaccination calendar: short-term effects on age- and serotype-dependent incidence of invasive pneumococcal clinical presentations in Madrid, Spain.
86  partial punishment effect
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1986 Amphetamine does not affect the partial punishment effect (PPE).
87  partially purified
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
CLE (2 times)
ACE-I (1 time)
2020 Clitoria ternatea L. petal bioactive compounds display antioxidant, antihemolytic and antihypertensive effects, inhibit α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities and reduce human LDL cholesterol and DNA induced oxidation.
88  patient and public engagement
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
SRHH (1 time)
VCOs (1 time)
2012 'No one wants to be the face of Herpes London': a qualitative study of the challenges of engaging patients and the public in sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS services.
89  penopubic
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2017 Anatomic findings associated with epispadias in boys: Implications for surgical management and urinary continence.
90  pentose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
1992 The Calvin cycle enzyme pentose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase is encoded within the cfx operons of the chemoautotroph Alcaligenes eutrophus.
91  perceived physical environment
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ERI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2014 Prevalence and associated factors of depressive symptoms among Chinese underground coal miners.
92  percent perseverative errors
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AGA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2008 Adult normative data of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Taiwan.
93  Periportal edema
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ISS (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
pPPE (1 time)
2011 Periportal edema in trauma patients: correlation with trauma severity.
94  permeability pulmonary edema
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
HPE (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CXRs (1 time)
1986 Rebreathing lung tissue volume of sheep with normal and edematous lungs.
95  personal protective eyewear
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Factors influencing worker use of personal protective eyewear.
96  Pharmacy practice experience
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
SECs (1 time)
2013 [Student assessment of pharmacy practice experiences in France: a national survey].
97  plasma protein electrophoresis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
SAA (1 time)
THECs (1 time)
2007 Influence of age and foaling on plasma protein electrophoresis and serum amyloid A and their possible role as markers of equine neonatal septicaemia.
98  Pohar-Perme estimator
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2012 Cancer net survival on registry data: use of the new unbiased Pohar-Perme estimator and magnitude of the bias with the classical methods.
99  polyphosphate
(2 times)
Chemistry, Organic
(2 times)
2-ABA (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
PPSE (1 time)
2016 Microwave-assisted cyclizations promoted by polyphosphoric acid esters: a general method for 1-aryl-2-iminoazacycloalkanes.
100  polypropylene
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECFs (1 time)
IH (1 time)
PGRN (1 time)
2016 No enterocutaneous fistula development in a cohort of 695 patients after incisional hernia repair using intraperitoneal uncoated polyproylene mesh.