A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 5 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PR
Appearance Frequency: 29234 time(s)
Long forms: 2098

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
progesterone receptor
(6913 times)
Neoplasms
(2330 times)
ER (3881 times)
HER2 (1005 times)
AR (395 times)
1978 Steroid receptors study in breast carcinoma.
partial response
(5277 times)
Neoplasms
(3371 times)
CR (3180 times)
SD (1675 times)
PD (1157 times)
1978 Intraaterial hepatic infusion and intravenous adriamycin for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma: a clinical and pharmacology report.
prevalence ratio
(2593 times)
Public Health
(529 times)
CI (837 times)
BMI (78 times)
MSM (42 times)
1988 Job strain, work place social support, and cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population.
partial remission
(1574 times)
Neoplasms
(725 times)
CR (1223 times)
SD (265 times)
OS (242 times)
1972 Therapy of acute myelocytic leukemia. Daunomycin contrasted with a combination of cytosine arabinoside and 6-thioguanine.
pulmonary rehabilitation
(1018 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(552 times)
COPD (501 times)
SGRQ (88 times)
6MWD (77 times)
1984 Rehabilitation of ventilator-dependent subjects with lung diseases. The concept and initial experience.
pathogenesis-related
(879 times)
Botany
(390 times)
SA (198 times)
SAR (70 times)
JA (60 times)
1983 Pathogenesis-related proteins in plants and tissues ofNicotiana tabacum transformed byAgrobacterium tumefaciens.
protease
(804 times)
Virology
(253 times)
RT (332 times)
HIV-1 (160 times)
IN (70 times)
1970 Production of Biologically Active Substances by Two Strains of Vibrio cholerae.
progesterone
(635 times)
Neoplasms
(244 times)
ER (466 times)
AR (114 times)
GR (52 times)
1978 [Effect of labor on plasma levels of chorionic somatomammotropin (CS), estradiol (E2), progesterone (Pr) and cortisol; behavior of these levels in the first hours of the puerperium].
pregnancy rate
(581 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(414 times)
ICSI (67 times)
IVF (57 times)
IUI (45 times)
1987 Pregnancy rates of beef heifers bred either on puberal or third estrus.
10  progressive ratio
(527 times)
Psychopharmacology
(224 times)
FR (107 times)
FR1 (36 times)
DA (31 times)
1978 Cocaine reinforced progressive ratio performance in the rhesus monkey.
11  pulse rate
(424 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(43 times)
BP (130 times)
SBP (69 times)
RR (67 times)
1977 [Concentration on a task and change in pulse rate and finger skin blood flow (author's transl)].
12  pulmonary regurgitation
(299 times)
Cardiology
(183 times)
RV (140 times)
TOF (112 times)
PVR (46 times)
1976 Pulmonary regurgitation in large atrial shunts without pulmonary hypertension.
13  Puerto Rico
(258 times)
Medicine
(60 times)
US (14 times)
MA (11 times)
HPV (10 times)
1984 An analysis of poison control center reports of ciguatera toxicity in Puerto Rico for one year.
14  production rate
(217 times)
Endocrinology
(43 times)
FCR (56 times)
MCR (56 times)
apo (27 times)
1969 Production rates and metabolic clearance rates of human follicle-stimulating hormone in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
15  partial
(191 times)
Neoplasms
(109 times)
CR (56 times)
SD (21 times)
MR (15 times)
1977 BCNU with and without cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (COP) and cycle-active therapy in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
16  prolonged release
(142 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
IR (18 times)
BFI (10 times)
PD (10 times)
1999 Efficacy and safety of prolonged-release lanreotide in patients with gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors and hormone-related symptoms.
17  photoreceptor
(129 times)
Ophthalmology
(50 times)
RPE (45 times)
ONL (16 times)
OCT (11 times)
1980 An ethanolic phosphotungstic acid (EPTA) analysis of photoreceptor and synaptic ultrastructure in the guinea pig retina.
18  Pityriasis rosea
(123 times)
Dermatology
(73 times)
HHV (13 times)
HHV-6 (8 times)
PCR (7 times)
1978 Structure and biological function of human IgD. XVI. T and B lymphocytes in pityriasis rosea.
19  proteorhodopsin
(113 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
bR (16 times)
GPR (4 times)
AAP (3 times)
1992 Photocycle of phoborhodopsin from haloalkaliphilic bacterium (Natronobacterium pharaonis) studied by low-temperature spectrophotometry.
20  pegylated interferon and ribavirin
(98 times)
Gastroenterology
(31 times)
HCV (51 times)
SVR (40 times)
TVR (12 times)
2011 Telaprevir alone or with peginterferon and ribavirin reduces HCV RNA in patients with chronic genotype 2 but not genotype 3 infections.
21  platelet reactivity
(98 times)
Vascular Diseases
(41 times)
PCI (45 times)
ACS (24 times)
LD (18 times)
1989 Development of lymphocytotoxic and platelet reactive antibodies: a prospective study in patients with acute leukaemia.
22  pattern recognition
(84 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(29 times)
EMG (18 times)
PCA (13 times)
LDA (8 times)
1984 Contrast sensitivity measured during smooth pursuit movement.
23  pseudorabies
(77 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
PRV (55 times)
ELISA (7 times)
gE (6 times)
1977 Immunoglobulin classes of antibodies in milk of swine after intranasal exposure to pseudorabies virus or transmissible gastroenteritis virus.
24  phosphate rock
(76 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
TSP (12 times)
PSB (7 times)
APR (6 times)
1993 Solubility and cation exchange in phosphate rock and saturated clinoptilolite mixtures.
25  primary root
(75 times)
Botany
(41 times)
LR (31 times)
NO (13 times)
LRs (9 times)
2004 Nitric oxide plays a central role in determining lateral root development in tomato.
26  partial resection
(74 times)
Neurosurgery
(17 times)
GTR (32 times)
STR (23 times)
OS (16 times)
1981 Changes in aerobic and anaerobic metabolism in rat cardiac and skeletal muscles after total or partial dietary restrictions.
27  panoramic radiography
(72 times)
Dentistry
(52 times)
CBCT (33 times)
CT (14 times)
IAN (7 times)
1986 Dose contributions to the Swedish population from oral radiography.
28  poor responders
(70 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
GR (48 times)
FSHR (4 times)
RA (4 times)
1982 Nonrenal clearance of furosemide as a cause of diuretic response variability in the rat.
29  passive recovery
(58 times)
Sports Medicine
(28 times)
AR (23 times)
HR (8 times)
CK (5 times)
1979 Recovery from maximal effort exercise: lactate disappearance and subsequent performance.
30  pneumatic retinopexy
(58 times)
Ophthalmology
(39 times)
RRD (21 times)
SB (21 times)
PPV (17 times)
1990 Reoperations and visual results after failed pneumatic retinopexy.
31  precision-recall
(57 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
ROC (28 times)
AUC (13 times)
LASSO (4 times)
2008 Evolving interpretable structure-activity relationship models. 2. Using multiobjective optimization to derive multiple models.
32  propranolol
(56 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
NE (6 times)
IH (4 times)
PL (4 times)
1975 Studies on mode of antagonism between adrenergic beta-mimetics and beta-blocking agents (I). Beta-blocking action of mescaline and its derivatives.
33  perirenal
(54 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
s.c (17 times)
OM (6 times)
IM (5 times)
1977 Lipoprotein lipase distribution in rat adipose tissues: effect on chylomicron uptake.
34  plaque rupture
(54 times)
Cardiology
(35 times)
OCT (29 times)
PE (21 times)
STEMI (17 times)
2006 Global characterization of coronary plaque rupture phenotype using three-vessel intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data analysis.
35  projection reconstruction
(53 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(46 times)
MR (5 times)
CE-MRA (4 times)
MRA (3 times)
1991 Lung parenchyma: projection reconstruction MR imaging.
36  positive remodeling
(48 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
LAP (18 times)
CCTA (11 times)
IVUS (9 times)
2001 Preintervention arterial remodeling affects clinical outcome following stenting: an intravascular ultrasound study.
37  phenol red
(46 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
MB (5 times)
BTB (3 times)
CV (3 times)
1976 Renal handling of phenol red. II. The mechanism of substituted phenolsulphophthalein (PSP) dye transport in rabbit kidney tubules in vitro.
38  palindromic rheumatism
(45 times)
Rheumatology
(30 times)
RA (23 times)
ACPA (4 times)
CCP (3 times)
1984 HLA antigens in palindromic rheumatism, nonerosive rheumatoid arthritis and classical rheumatoid arthritis.
39  pain relief
(44 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
PID (13 times)
PI (11 times)
PF (7 times)
1995 Pharmacodynamic analysis of analgesic clinical trials using empirical methods.
40  pathologic response
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
OS (14 times)
pCR (8 times)
NAC (6 times)
1995 Very high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral stem cell support in advanced ovarian cancer.
41  photoresist
(44 times)
Nanotechnology
(17 times)
PDMS (3 times)
UV (3 times)
CNW (2 times)
1996 Micrometer resolution silane-based patterning of hippocampal neurons: critical variables in photoresist and laser ablation processes for substrate fabrication.
42  P receptor
(41 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
ER (11 times)
mRNA (4 times)
Pg (3 times)
1984 Implantation of the rabbit blastocyst: sequential changes in estradiol and progesterone and their receptors.
43  power ratio
(40 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
EGG (16 times)
DF (10 times)
DFIC (7 times)
1990 Gravity-dependent polarity of cytoplasmic streaming in Nitellopsis.
44  protein restriction
(39 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CR (8 times)
DR (5 times)
aa (2 times)
1993 Modulation of toxicity by diet and dietary macronutrient restriction.
45  protein-restricted
(39 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
ER (10 times)
BCAAs (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1989 Dietary protein and glomerular response to subtotal nephrectomy in the rat.
46  pathogen reduction
(38 times)
Hematology
(33 times)
PCs (7 times)
PLT (7 times)
PC (5 times)
2003 Safety of the blood supply: role of pathogen reduction.
47  pregnancy
(38 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(25 times)
ICSI (6 times)
ART (5 times)
DR (3 times)
1997 Reduced pregnancy rates following the transfer of human embryos frozen or thawed in culture media supplemented with normal serum albumin.
48  photorefractive
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
PS (4 times)
NPs (2 times)
SR (2 times)
1994 Community photoscreening of six to nine month old infants for amblyopiogenic risk factors.
49  positivity rate
(36 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
DR (5 times)
FIT (5 times)
RI (5 times)
1995 [The comparison of positive rates and clinical significance of 8 bronchodilator testing parameters sarcoidosis].
50  peripheral resistance
(35 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
HR (14 times)
BP (12 times)
CO (12 times)
1976 Cardiovascular and respiratory changes in response to change of posture in the very obese.
51  photoreactivation
(33 times)
Genetics
(12 times)
UV (9 times)
CPD (3 times)
CPDs (3 times)
1966 Studies of chloroplast development in Euglena. XIV. Sequential interactions of ultraviolet light and photoreactivating light in green colony formation.
52  polyrotaxane
(32 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
CD (6 times)
PEG (5 times)
alpha-CD (4 times)
2007 A novel polyrotaxane-based intracellular delivery system for camptothecin: in vitro feasibility evaluation.
53  physical restraint
(31 times)
Nursing
(9 times)
ICU (5 times)
OR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Physiologic responses of grizzly bears to different methods of capture.
54  paradoxical reaction
(28 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
TB (11 times)
ATT (3 times)
HAART (2 times)
1983 Teflutixol (Lu 10-022): a new thioxanthene derivative with antipsychotic properties. A pilot study.
55  proline-rich
(27 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
SH3 (4 times)
SOS1 (3 times)
C-D (2 times)
1977 Salivary peroxidase (SAPX): genetic modification and relationship to the proline-rich (Pr) and acidic (Pa) proteins.
56  pattern reversal
(26 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
VEP (9 times)
VEPs (9 times)
FL (5 times)
1985 The relationship between visual seizures and visual evoked potentials.
57  polarization rotator
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
CO (3 times)
DSB (2 times)
MZM (2 times)
1985 Naturally crystalline hemoglobin of the nematode Mermis nigrescens. An in situ microspectrophotometric study of chemical properties and dichroism.
58  pathogenesis-related protein
(25 times)
Botany
(10 times)
CD (3 times)
MeJA (3 times)
SA (3 times)
1989 Pathogenesis-related proteins are developmentally regulated in tobacco flowers.
59  Pneumorrhachis
(25 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DU (1 time)
2006 Pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of pneumorrhachis.
60  proportion ratio
(25 times)
Statistics as Topic
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
PoD (2 times)
RCT (2 times)
2004 Interval estimation of the proportion ratio under multiple matching.
61  proliferative retinopathy
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
NPR (4 times)
BR (3 times)
DR (3 times)
1980 Visual function can be preserved in insulin-dependent diabetic patients treated by maintenance haemodialysis.
62  puerarin
(24 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AST (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
2010 [Inhibitory effect of flavonoids of puerarin on proliferation of different human acute myeloid leukemia cell lines in vitro].
63  Parmigiano Reggiano
(23 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ACE (3 times)
NSLAB (3 times)
FFC (2 times)
2003 Gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) analysis of the flavor profile of grana padano, parmigiano reggiano, and grana trentino cheeses.
64  periapical radiography
(23 times)
Dentistry
(18 times)
CBCT (19 times)
AP (4 times)
ROC (3 times)
2009 Accuracy of periapical radiography and cone-beam computed tomography scans in diagnosing apical periodontitis using histopathological findings as a gold standard.
65  placental restriction
(23 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
IUGR (9 times)
GR (2 times)
PGHS-2 (2 times)
1987 Thrombosis of fetal placental vessels. A quantitative study in placentas of stillbirths.
66  prevalence
(23 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
PRs (2 times)
adj. PR (1 time)
1995 [Larval Clinostomum infection of cichlid fish in the lake of Kompienga in Burkina Faso: a menace to haleutic exploitation and public health].
67  primary repair
(23 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
SR (4 times)
CR (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1998 Surveyed opinion of American trauma surgeons in management of colon injuries.
68  progestin
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
ER (18 times)
AR (9 times)
GR (4 times)
1981 Estrogen and progestin receptors in endometriosis lesions: comparison with endometrial tissue.
69  probability ratio
(22 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
SES (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
2004 Nutritional status of indigenous children younger than five years of age in Mexico: results of a national probabilistic survey.
70  Peng-Robinson
(20 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(5 times)
SRK (8 times)
EOS (7 times)
PC-SAFT (5 times)
2006 PVTx measurements of the N-methylpyrrolidone/methanol mixed solvent: cubic and SAFT EOS analyses.
71  plus ribavirin
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
HCV (11 times)
SVR (11 times)
CHC (5 times)
2009 Ketoprofen, peginterferon 2a and ribavirin for genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C: a phase II study.
72  Poisson regression
(20 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(3 times)
NB (5 times)
AIC (4 times)
BIC (4 times)
2012 High-risk patients for carotid endarterectomy: turned down cases are rare.
73  participatory research
(19 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
AHRQ (1 time)
AIAN (1 time)
APP (1 time)
2008 The value and challenges of participatory research: strengthening its practice.
74  perirhinal cortex
(19 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
CS (4 times)
LS (3 times)
USVs (3 times)
1987 Amygdaloid connections with posterior insular and temporal cortical areas in the rat.
75  paradoxical response
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
TB (9 times)
HIV (2 times)
LN (2 times)
2007 Paradoxical response during anti-tuberculosis treatment in HIV-negative patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.
76  peak ratio
(18 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
PI (10 times)
RI (8 times)
PSV (5 times)
1992 Turns-amplitude analysis of the electromyographic recruitment pattern disregarding force measurement. II. Findings in patients with neuromuscular disorders.
77  periosteal reaction
(18 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
MRONJ (4 times)
CT (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
1978 Microradioscopic quantitation of periosteal resorption in secondary hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal failure.
78  photoreflectance
(18 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
PL (4 times)
CER (2 times)
QWs (2 times)
2005 Practical photoluminescence and photoreflectance spectroscopic system for optical characterization of semiconductor devices.
79  polymorphic reticulosis
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
EBV (6 times)
LMG (5 times)
WG (5 times)
1982 Radiotherapy of polymorphic reticulosis.
80  progressive motility
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
DFI (4 times)
TNPMS (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2013 Correlation between HPV sperm infection and male infertility.
81  propofol-remifentanil
(18 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
SR (5 times)
BIS (3 times)
DR (3 times)
2001 Propofol/remifentanil versus propofol alone for bone marrow aspiration in paediatric haemato-oncological patients.
82  Parana
(17 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
RS (6 times)
SP (5 times)
SC (4 times)
2008 High genetic diversity in RdRp gene of Brazilian porcine sapovirus strains.
83  partial response rate
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CR (10 times)
SD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
1978 Adriamycin versus methotrexate in five-drug combination chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer: a randomized trial.
84  Pelli-Robson
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CS (11 times)
SPARCS (4 times)
MD (3 times)
2002 Comparison of contrast sensitivity, visual acuity, and Humphrey visual field testing in patients with glaucoma.
85  periapical radiographs
(17 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
CBCT (15 times)
CI (3 times)
ERR (2 times)
2011 Procedural errors during root canal preparation using rotary NiTi instruments detected by periapical radiography and cone beam computed tomography.
86  Puerariae Radix
(17 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CR (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
GR (2 times)
2001 Effects of Puerariae Flos and Puerariae Radix extracts on antioxidant enzymes in ethanol-treated rats.
87  pediatric rheumatology
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
JIA (6 times)
PRINTO (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
2004 Preliminary criteria for clinical remission for select categories of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
88  peer review
(16 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
Ps (4 times)
RT (2 times)
TRISS (2 times)
1987 Utilization review and quality assurance: staying in the black and working with the blues.
89  prorenin
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
AR (4 times)
RAS (3 times)
FF (2 times)
1987 Two-step prorenin-renin conversion. Isolation of an intermediary form of activated prorenin.
90  psychological resilience
(16 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
COVID-19 (3 times)
PCa (3 times)
CD-RISC (2 times)
2007 A predictive and moderating model of psychosocial resilience in adolescents.
91  plain radiography
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
MRI (9 times)
CT (7 times)
RA (3 times)
1995 Unusually located osteoid osteomas.
92  puborectalis
(15 times)
Urology
(6 times)
MRI (4 times)
LA (3 times)
PA (3 times)
1993 Cinedefecography and electromyography in the diagnosis of nonrelaxing puborectalis syndrome.
93  perfect reconstruction
(14 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
AC-IC (1 time)
AC-PT (1 time)
2005 [Results of Shuldays' surgery in elective and urgent surgery].
94  perfusion reserve
(14 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MBF (3 times)
PAD (3 times)
CHD (2 times)
1990 Methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) Tc 99m SPECT to establish a correlate to coronary flow reserve, the perfusion reserve, from global and regional myocardial uptake after exercise and rest.
95  phase retrieval
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CXDI (2 times)
ACCT (1 time)
CDPs (1 time)
2010 Quantization analysis of speckle intensity measurements for phase retrieval.
96  photorespiration
(14 times)
Botany
(6 times)
CELSS (2 times)
DR (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
1975 Photosynthesis and photorespiratory CO2 evolution of water-stressed sunflower leaves.
97  platinum resistant
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PS (8 times)
OS (6 times)
PFS (6 times)
2008 Sensitization of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin by genistein: the role of NF-kappaB.
98  pressure
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
APR (2 times)
ARA (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
1982 Barotrauma susceptibility in hamster lungs following elastase exposure.
99  proline-arginine
(14 times)
Science
(3 times)
ALS (6 times)
FTD (6 times)
GR (5 times)
1996 PR-39, a proline-rich antibacterial peptide that inhibits phagocyte NADPH oxidase activity by binding to Src homology 3 domains of p47 phox.
100  pancreatic resection
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DP (2 times)
A-SCA (1 time)
AAA (1 time)
2005 Hospital volume and mortality after pancreatic resection: a systematic review and an evaluation of intervention in the Netherlands.