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Abbreviation: PT
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Long forms: 1725

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
prothrombin time
(3772 times)
Hematology
(557 times)
APTT (2054 times)
TT (566 times)
INR (553 times)
1974 Endotoxin induced disseminated intravascular coagulation in cattle.
physical therapy
(1021 times)
Physical Medicine
(200 times)
OT (142 times)
CI (44 times)
ROM (39 times)
1982 Operant conditioning for management of a noncompliant rehabilitation case after stroke.
pertussis toxin
(929 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(356 times)
FHA (242 times)
PRN (94 times)
CT (63 times)
1983 Pertussis toxin blocks the somatostatin-induced inhibition of growth hormone release and adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate accumulation.
pelvic tilt
(578 times)
Orthopedics
(290 times)
PI (387 times)
LL (344 times)
SS (314 times)
1996 Muscle activity in upper and lower rectus abdominus during abdominal exercises.
proximal tubule
(483 times)
Nephrology
(178 times)
DT (47 times)
CD (29 times)
ROS (19 times)
1978 Ischemic damage and repair in the rat proximal tubule: differences among the S1, S2, and S3 segments.
proton therapy
(469 times)
Neoplasms
(116 times)
OT (37 times)
IMRT (23 times)
RT (18 times)
1981 Inspiratory muscle training compared with physiotherapy in patients with chronic airflow limitation.
peak torque
(427 times)
Physiology
(154 times)
EMG (48 times)
TW (39 times)
RTD (36 times)
1981 Specificity of power improvements through slow and fast isokinetic training.
proficiency testing
(256 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(43 times)
EQA (24 times)
CAP (13 times)
CDC (10 times)
1977 Factors affecting T3 and T4 proficiency testing.
proton transfer
(223 times)
Chemistry
(156 times)
ET (49 times)
PCET (27 times)
HAT (12 times)
1982 Mass-balance approach for estimating transcapillary fluid and protein movement.
10  parity-time
(204 times)
Optics and Photonics
(85 times)
FT (17 times)
EPs (8 times)
EP (7 times)
1991 Pediatrician's practice choices: differences between part-time and full-time practice.
11  patellar tendon
(201 times)
Orthopedics
(58 times)
ACL (78 times)
HT (21 times)
MCL (15 times)
1984 Repair and reconstruction of rotatory instability of the knee.
12  pars tuberalis
(192 times)
Endocrinology
(95 times)
PD (44 times)
SCN (28 times)
MBH (16 times)
1979 Embryonic development and secretory differentiation in the pars tuberalis of the mouse hypophysis.
13  preterm
(190 times)
Pediatrics
(68 times)
FT (78 times)
GA (29 times)
LBW (14 times)
1977 Pituitary-thyroid responsiveness to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in preterm and small-for-gestational age newborns.
14  phyllodes tumor
(183 times)
Neoplasms
(63 times)
FA (24 times)
CNB (8 times)
DCIS (7 times)
1992 Fine needle aspiration cytology of phyllodes tumor. Potential diagnostic pitfalls.
15  planum temporale
(172 times)
Brain
(50 times)
HG (45 times)
STG (22 times)
fMRI (18 times)
1989 Cerebral asymmetry: MR planimetry of the human planum temporale.
16  prothrombin
(170 times)
Vascular Diseases
(35 times)
MTHFR (29 times)
APTT (28 times)
FV (20 times)
1978 Circulating inhibitors of blood coagulation associated with procainamide-induced lupus erythematosus.
17  pyramidal tract
(167 times)
Neurology
(62 times)
IT (16 times)
DTI (15 times)
MLF (9 times)
1967 Short latency activation of pyramidal tract cells by Group I afferent volleys in the cat.
18  primary tumor
(165 times)
Neoplasms
(76 times)
OS (25 times)
LN (23 times)
LNM (17 times)
1990 Chemosensitivity correlation between the primary tumors and simultaneous metastatic lymph nodes of patients evaluated by DNA synthesis inhibition assay.
19  permeability transition
(153 times)
Biochemistry
(59 times)
CsA (17 times)
PTP (16 times)
ROS (12 times)
1996 4-Hydroxyhexenal is a potent inducer of the mitochondrial permeability transition.
20  phage type
(147 times)
Communicable Diseases
(53 times)
PFGE (28 times)
SE (8 times)
Stx (6 times)
1988 Salmonella enteritidis phage type 4 infection: association with hen's eggs.
21  post-treatment
(128 times)
Parasitology
(59 times)
TCBZ (9 times)
p.i (8 times)
TEM (5 times)
1981 Effect of estradiol-17beta on PGF and total protein content in bovine uterine flushings and peripheral plasma concentration of 13, 14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha).
22  photothermal
(114 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(19 times)
PA (35 times)
NIR (21 times)
PTT (12 times)
2002 Photothermal monitoring of redox state of respiratory chain in single live cells.
23  pain threshold
(104 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
EA (18 times)
VAS (13 times)
DT (7 times)
1975 Proceedings: Pain threshold (PT) analysis in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip.
24  pulsatile tinnitus
(95 times)
Otolaryngology
(28 times)
SSD (11 times)
SSWA (8 times)
IJV (7 times)
2000 Pulsatile tinnitus in patients with morbid obesity: the effectiveness of weight reduction surgery.
25  parent training
(87 times)
Pediatrics
(41 times)
ADHD (20 times)
ASD (14 times)
ATX (7 times)
1993 Parent training for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: its impact on parent functioning.
26  physical training
(81 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
ROTC (5 times)
HR (4 times)
LSE (4 times)
1977 Comparative effects of physical training and diet in normalizing serum lipids in men with Type IV hyperlipoproteinemia.
27  patch test
(77 times)
Dermatology
(30 times)
ACD (8 times)
IDT (7 times)
LTT (6 times)
1983 A comparison of the multi-test with the prick test and multi-test 2.
28  patellar tendinopathy
(77 times)
Sports Medicine
(43 times)
VISA-P (14 times)
AT (7 times)
ESWT (7 times)
2006 Chronic tendinopathy: effectiveness of eccentric exercise.
29  percutaneous tracheostomy
(61 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
ST (10 times)
ICU (9 times)
ICP (5 times)
1992 Percutaneous tracheostomy/gastrostomy in brain-injured patients--a minimally invasive alternative.
30  pancreas transplantation
(59 times)
Transplantation
(36 times)
SPK (9 times)
PAK (7 times)
PTA (5 times)
1986 Current status of clinical pancreas transplantation.
31  phosphorothioate
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
R-M (8 times)
ds (6 times)
MP (4 times)
1990 Rapid nuclear accumulation of injected oligodeoxyribonucleotides.
32  premature thelarche
(56 times)
Endocrinology
(30 times)
CPP (23 times)
LH (16 times)
FSH (12 times)
1989 [The significance and characteristics of the LHRH test in diagnosing precocious puberty development in girls: the stimulated LH/FSH quotient differentiates between central precocious puberty and premature thelarche].
33  plyometric training
(54 times)
Physiology
(29 times)
CMJ (15 times)
COD (8 times)
SJ (8 times)
2007 Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? A meta-analytical review.
34  peritumoral
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
SLN (15 times)
i.t (14 times)
HCC (9 times)
2000 Synergistic antitumour effects of chemo-immunotherapy with an oxazaphosphorine drug and IL-2-secreting cells in a mouse colon cancer model.
35  pulmonary tuberculosis
(52 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(21 times)
DM (4 times)
AFB (3 times)
ATD (2 times)
1977 A clinical study of Pityriasis versicolor in Madras.
36  parathyroid
(49 times)
Nephrology
(15 times)
PTH (14 times)
HPT (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1975 The detection of transmissible gastroenteritis viral antigens by immunodiffusion.
37  anti-pertussis toxin
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(23 times)
FHA (16 times)
PRN (11 times)
ELISA (8 times)
1998 Rapid diagnosis of pertussis in young infants: comparison of culture, PCR, and infant's and mother's serology.
38  polythiophene
(45 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
PCE (4 times)
SEM (4 times)
P3HT (3 times)
1993 Potentiometric response of poly(3-octylthiophene), poly(3-methylthiophene) and polythiophene in aqueous solutions.
39  posterior tibial
(45 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
DP (10 times)
AT (3 times)
FDL (3 times)
1981 Endorphins: mechanism of acupuncture analgesia.
40  photothrombosis
(44 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MRI (6 times)
BrdU (4 times)
GFAP (4 times)
1999 [Polymorphism of GPIIIA platelet glycoprotein gene PIA1/A2 compared to plasma hemostasis in myocardial infarction patients].
41  pulmonary trunk
(42 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
DA (5 times)
PA (5 times)
RV (5 times)
1977 Elastin and collagen accumulation in rabbit ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk during postnatal growth. Correlation of cellular synthetic response with medial tension.
42  pronator teres
(40 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
FCU (15 times)
FCR (9 times)
BR (7 times)
1979 [Organization of reflex responses elicited in man by muscle stretch applied to uni- and bi-functional muscles].
43  peak time
(38 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PH (7 times)
TT (6 times)
AT (3 times)
1979 Radiorespirometric analysis of glucose metabolism in the rat during feeding with 3'-methyl-4-(dimethylamino)azobenzene--radiorespirometry after partial hepatectomy.
44  perturbation theory
(38 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
ML (11 times)
ANN (5 times)
PTML (5 times)
2003 Vibrational spectra of furan, pyrrole, and thiophene from a density functional theory anharmonic force field.
45  perspective taking
(36 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
EC (15 times)
PD (9 times)
IRI (7 times)
1986 Development of knowledge about the appearance-reality distinction.
46  primary thrombocythaemia
(36 times)
Hematology
(28 times)
PV (11 times)
CML (4 times)
ST (4 times)
1975 Megakaryocyte quantifications in relation to thrombokinetics in primary thrombocythaemia and allied diseases.
47  popliteus tendon
(34 times)
Orthopedics
(18 times)
LCL (19 times)
PFL (13 times)
PLC (12 times)
1986 Posterior instability of the knee joint. An experimental study.
48  proximal thoracic
(33 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
AIS (25 times)
MT (25 times)
TL/L (8 times)
2001 Spontaneous proximal thoracic curve correction after isolated fusion of the main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
49  perinuclear theca
(32 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(15 times)
PAS (8 times)
ICSI (7 times)
SOAF (3 times)
1995 Distribution and possible role of perinuclear theca proteins during bovine spermiogenesis.
50  power training
(32 times)
Geriatrics
(14 times)
ST (9 times)
RT (4 times)
CMJ (3 times)
1990 Imagery as a Method of Enhancing Transfer From Trailing to Performance.
51  procedure time
(31 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
FT (12 times)
DAP (5 times)
MT (3 times)
2003 Intracardiac echocardiography is superior to conventional monitoring for guiding device closure of interatrial communications.
52  pterostilbene
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
RSV (6 times)
ROS (5 times)
HUVECs (4 times)
2010 Pterostilbene induces autophagy and apoptosis in sensitive and chemoresistant human bladder cancer cells.
53  pull-through
(31 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
HD (19 times)
AA (2 times)
AChE (2 times)
1988 Construction of an ileal reservoir in patients with a previous straight endorectal ileal pull-through.
54  phosphene threshold
(30 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
TMS (20 times)
tDCS (5 times)
MT (4 times)
2002 Visual cortex excitability increases during visual mental imagery--a TMS study in healthy human subjects.
55  piperacillin-tazobactam
(30 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
AKI (5 times)
KDIGO (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1994 Piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections: an open non-comparative and multicentered trial. Latin American Clinical Research Group.
56  pretreatment
(30 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
Ti (7 times)
SLA (6 times)
TCPS (4 times)
1993 Studies on oral contraceptive-induced changes in blood coagulation and fibrinolysis and the estrogen effect on endothelial cells.
57  pollen tube
(28 times)
Botany
(11 times)
FER (3 times)
FG (3 times)
RLKs (3 times)
2003 Characterization of whole-cell K+ currents across the plasma membrane of pollen grain and tube protoplasts of Lilium longiflorum.
58  pump thrombosis
(27 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
LVAD (10 times)
HMII (5 times)
HR (4 times)
2013 Surgical technique influences HeartMate II left ventricular assist device thrombosis.
59  post-traumatic
(25 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
OA (13 times)
RA (10 times)
OB (4 times)
1998 Clinical, laboratory and immunogenetic aspects of post-traumatic psoriatic arthritis: a study of 25 patients.
60  preventive therapy
(25 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
TB (10 times)
LTBI (8 times)
CMV (7 times)
1997 Tuberculosis prevention among foreign-born persons in Seattle--King County, Washington.
61  putamen
(25 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
Cd (9 times)
GP (9 times)
CN (6 times)
1986 Subcortical correlates of the somatic, auditory and visual vertex activities. II. Referential EEG responses.
62  performance test
(24 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
PLA (6 times)
CON (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1993 Effects of prior exercise or ammonium chloride ingestion on muscular strength and endurance.
63  paclitaxel
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
DT (3 times)
CP (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2004 Non-allergic nature of docetaxel-induced acute hypersensitivity reactions.
64  post-thaw
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
SU (4 times)
AI (3 times)
CASA (3 times)
1987 A comparative study of mouse embryo freeze-preservation including the examination of a thermoelectric freezing device.
65  Preferred Term
(21 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
SOC (10 times)
MedDRA (5 times)
ADRs (4 times)
2000 The use of a medical dictionary for regulatory activities terminology (MedDRA) in prescription-event monitoring in Japan (J-PEM).
66  proximal tibia
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
DF (8 times)
FN (5 times)
BMD (4 times)
1989 New measurement of patellar height in the knees of children using the epiphyseal line midpoint.
67  phenytoin
(20 times)
Drug Therapy
(6 times)
PB (5 times)
VPA (4 times)
CBZ (3 times)
1983 Multiple actions of phenytoin on mouse spinal cord neurons in cell culture.
68  positional therapy
(20 times)
Psychophysiology
(16 times)
OSA (14 times)
POSA (14 times)
AHI (11 times)
2012 The undervalued potential of positional therapy in position-dependent snoring and obstructive sleep apnea-a review of the literature.
69  pyrithiamine
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TDD (7 times)
OT (4 times)
TPP (3 times)
1979 Alterations in uptake and metabolism of aspartate and glutamate in brain of thiamine deficient animals.
70  polytrauma
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
HS (5 times)
ISS (5 times)
ICU (2 times)
2000 Polytrauma induces increased expression of pyruvate kinase in neutrophils.
71  post-transplant
(19 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
ABMT (2 times)
MoAb (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1989 Autologous bone marrow transplantation therapy for multiple myeloma.
72  public transport
(19 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
PA (3 times)
BAU (2 times)
apps (1 time)
2016 The effects of extended public transport operating hours and venue lockout policies on drinking-related harms in Melbourne, Australia: Results from SimDrink, an agent-based simulation model.
73  palatal tremor
(18 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
SPT (3 times)
EPT (2 times)
OPCA (2 times)
1995 Palatal tremor of cortical origin presenting as epilepsia partialis continua.
74  particle therapy
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
BNCT (2 times)
SMPT (2 times)
SOBPs (2 times)
2008 Cost-effectiveness of particle therapy: current evidence and future needs.
75  peroneus tertius
(18 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
EDL (4 times)
PB (3 times)
AH (1 time)
1981 Anatomy and therapeutic resection of the peroneus tertius muscle in a foal.
76  pituitary tumors
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
HT (5 times)
DES (3 times)
NBU (3 times)
1980 Synergism of diethylstilbestrol and other carcinogens in concurrent development of hepatic, mammary, and pituitary tumors in castrated male rats.
77  prenyltransferase
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
TC (3 times)
TPS (3 times)
DMAPP (2 times)
2004 Chalcone dimethylallyltransferase from Morus nigra cell cultures. Substrate specificity studies.
78  pretectum
(18 times)
Brain
(9 times)
SC (6 times)
NRTP (4 times)
VN (3 times)
1980 Firing characteristics of neurons mediating optokinetic responses to rat's vestibular neurons.
79  persimmon tannin
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PLA2 (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
alpha-Amy (1 time)
2003 Mechanism of gold adsorption by persimmon tannin gel.
80  phage therapy
(17 times)
Virology
(4 times)
AAS (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2010 The perspectives of the application of phage therapy in chronic bacterial prostatitis.
81  phase transition
(17 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
RT (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CCSN (1 time)
1993 [Salt-induced critical type phase transition in a water-protein matrix of serum albumin molecules].
82  pressure threshold
(17 times)
Urology
(8 times)
ICI (5 times)
MVP (4 times)
CMG (3 times)
1986 Pressure tolerance over muscles and bones in normal subjects.
83  pharmacotherapy
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CBT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1998 Cognitive behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy: complementary or contradictory approaches to the treatment of anxiety?
84  phosphate transporter
(16 times)
Botany
(10 times)
Pi (4 times)
AE (2 times)
AM (2 times)
2000 Plastidic metabolite transporters and their physiological functions in the inducible crassulacean acid metabolism plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum.
85  piezoelectric transformer
(16 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(13 times)
AC (2 times)
DC (2 times)
APPJ (1 time)
2003 Integration of a piezoelectric transformer and an ultrasonic motor.
86  prematurely
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
FT (7 times)
SGA (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1980 Macro-mineral content of milk obtained during early lactation from mothers of premature infants.
87  prenasal thickness
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
NBL (11 times)
MoM (5 times)
DS (4 times)
2005 Second trimester ultrasound prenasal thickness combined with nasal bone length: a new method of Down syndrome screening.
88  psychotherapy
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
AT (2 times)
HAD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1989 [Verbalization of the therapeutic relationship in focal-psychoanalytic and client-centered psychotherapy. A content analytic study from the Hamburg comparative brief psychotherapy experiment].
89  Parthenolide
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CRC (7 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
Bcl-2 (2 times)
2002 Enhancement of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-induced differentiation of human leukaemia HL-60 cells into monocytes by parthenolide via inhibition of NF-kappa B activity.
90  peg transfer
(15 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
FLS (5 times)
CC (4 times)
IS (3 times)
2011 Mastery versus the standard proficiency target for basic laparoscopic skill training: effect on skill transfer and retention.
91  perception threshold
(15 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
SCS (2 times)
AG (1 time)
ASIA (1 time)
1993 Differential projection of the sural nerve to early and late recruited human tibialis anterior motor units: change of recruitment gain.
92  periodontal treatment
(15 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
PD (3 times)
aPDT (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
2009 Lack of short-term adjunctive effect of systemic neridronate in non-surgical periodontal therapy of advanced generalized chronic periodontitis: an open label-randomized clinical trial.
93  physiological tremor
(15 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ET (4 times)
EMD (3 times)
ACC (2 times)
1982 Physiological action tremor of the ankle.
94  pregnanetriol
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CAH (5 times)
PD (5 times)
11-O-PT (3 times)
1978 Management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia using serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and 17-hydroxyprogesterone concentrations.
95  pure tone
(15 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
FM (3 times)
MT (3 times)
AM (2 times)
1996 Identification of pseudohypacusis using speech recognition thresholds.
96  parallel tempering
(14 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MCMC (2 times)
BSPT (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2001 A probabilistic solution to the MEG inverse problem via MCMC methods: the reversible jump and parallel tempering algorithms.
97  pneumotachograph
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
PEF (4 times)
ATS (3 times)
MFEM (2 times)
1981 Evaluation of a new piston-type spirometer.
98  posttransplantation
(14 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
SCr (2 times)
TAC (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
1979 Menstrual disturbances in chronic renal failure.
99  prediction time
(14 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AL (4 times)
ALT (4 times)
CV (4 times)
1977 Diagnosis of reaginic allergy with house dust, animal dander and pollen allergens in adult patients. II. A comparison between skin tests and provocation tests.
100  progeny testing
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
AI (3 times)
GS (3 times)
CN (1 time)
1993 On the use of marker information from granddaughter designs.