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Abbreviation: PTB
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Long forms: 154

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
preterm birth
(1729 times)
Obstetrics
(452 times)
LBW (318 times)
CI (229 times)
SGA (223 times)
1986 Birth-weight patterns in aboriginal and non-aboriginal singleton adolescent births in Western Australia, 1979-83.
pulmonary tuberculosis
(1471 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(368 times)
TB (251 times)
Mtb (97 times)
HIV (95 times)
1975 Tuberculin reaction in adult Nigerians with sputum-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.
pulmonary TB
(426 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(101 times)
TB (321 times)
EPTB (92 times)
CI (35 times)
1997 The pattern of tuberculosis in Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi: 1986-1995.
polypyrimidine tract-binding protein
(319 times)
Molecular Biology
(103 times)
IRES (56 times)
HCV (23 times)
RRMs (13 times)
1991 Murine polypyrimidine tract binding protein. Purification, cloning, and mapping of the RNA binding domain.
phosphotyrosine binding
(310 times)
Biochemistry
(118 times)
SH2 (54 times)
PH (36 times)
APP (31 times)
1994 An alternative to SH2 domains for binding tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins.
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
(109 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(45 times)
ECG (6 times)
NPL (5 times)
NIST (4 times)
1959 [Beginning of structural testing of electrical hearing aids by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB)].
paratuberculosis
(69 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(40 times)
MAP (41 times)
SNPs (7 times)
TB (7 times)
1998 Factors associated with seroprevalence to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in small-ruminant farms in the Madrid region (Spain).
patellar-tendon-bearing
(43 times)
Orthopedics
(22 times)
TSB (6 times)
FE (2 times)
FSR (2 times)
1970 Variants of the PTB (patellar-tendon-bearing) below-knee prosthesis.
polypyrimidine tract binding
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PNC (2 times)
RBPs (2 times)
RRM (2 times)
1996 The polypyrimidine tract binding (PTB) protein interacts with single-stranded DNA in a sequence-specific manner.
10  phosphotyrosine-binding domain
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
SH2 (5 times)
APP (3 times)
EGFR (2 times)
1995 The phosphotyrosine interaction domain of SHC recognizes tyrosine-phosphorylated NPXY motif.
11  photochemical tissue bonding
(25 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
RB (8 times)
HAM (5 times)
LSCD (2 times)
2002 Enhancement of porcine skin graft adherence using a light-activated process.
12  pentobarbital
(21 times)
Brain
(7 times)
RSE (4 times)
SE (4 times)
AMB (3 times)
1975 Pentobarbital and contraction of vascular smooth muscle.
13  N-phenacylthiazolium bromide
(14 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AGEs (4 times)
AGE (3 times)
AG (2 times)
1996 An agent cleaving glucose-derived protein crosslinks in vitro and in vivo.
14  pulmonary trunk banding
(13 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
RV (10 times)
PAH (3 times)
CI (1 time)
2004 Hepatic response to right ventricular pressure overload.
15  pulmonary TB patients
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
TB (6 times)
HHC (5 times)
LTBI (5 times)
2000 Evaluation of a unified treatment regimen for all new cases of tuberculosis using guardian-based supervision.
16  phyllodes tumors of the breast
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
LR (2 times)
ART (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2004 [Management of phyllodes tumors of the breast at the National institute of oncology of Rabat, Morocco].
17  peritoneal tuberculosis
(9 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2006 Value of adenosine deaminase (ADA) in ascitic fluid for the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis: a meta-analysis.
18  patellar tendon bone
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ACL (3 times)
ACLR (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1994 The effects of 4 Mrad of gamma irradiation on the initial mechanical properties of bone-patellar tendon-bone grafts.
19  Permian-Triassic boundary
(7 times)
Science
(4 times)
AZ (1 time)
IDPs (1 time)
Li (1 time)
2001 Impact event at the Permian-Triassic boundary: evidence from extraterrestrial noble gases in fullerenes.
20  posttonsillectomy bleeding
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
BDs (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2008 Post-tonsillectomy bleeding: a regional hospital experience.
21  premature birth
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NPTB (2 times)
alpha-BGT (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2010 Developmental exposure to TCDD reduces fertility and negatively affects pregnancy outcomes across multiple generations.
22  powered toothbrush
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
FM (4 times)
IP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
2000 Testing the efficacy of plaque removal of a prototype brush head for a powered toothbrush.
23  peritumoral budding
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ITB (5 times)
TB (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Impact of peritumoral and intratumoral budding in esophageal adenocarcinomas.
24  plasma total bilirubin
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
COHbc (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
G6PD (1 time)
2005 Post-phototherapy neonatal bilirubin rebound: a potential cause of significant hyperbilirubinaemia.
25  posterior tracheal band
(5 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CT (1 time)
1975 The posterior tracheal band: a reflector of local superior mediastinal abnormality.
26  probe-to-bone
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
DFIs (1 time)
DFO (1 time)
2007 Probe-to-bone test for diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis: reliable or relic?
27  pTyr-binding
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
pTyr (4 times)
SH2 (2 times)
IL-3 (1 time)
2000 The shc adaptor protein forms interdependent phosphotyrosine-mediated protein complexes in mast cells stimulated with interleukin 3.
28  partial thickness burns
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
DPTB (1 time)
FTB (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
1986 Assessing burn wound depth using in vitro nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).
29  Penn Treebank
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
LSTM (2 times)
BPC (1 time)
DCLSTM (1 time)
2018 A New Delay Connection for Long Short-Term Memory Networks.
30  platybasia
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ARCH (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
AACNN (1 time)
1996 [Platybasia, basilar groove, odontoid process and kinking of the brainstem: a common etiology with idiopathic syringomyelia, scoliosis and Chiari malformations].
31  Pneumatic trabecular bypass
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOP (1 time)
PCG (1 time)
SD 0.97 (1 time)
2009 Pneumatic trabecular bypass (PTB): pilot study.
32  post-thyroidectomy bleeding
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OR (1 time)
OTS (1 time)
2014 Risk factors target in patients with post-thyroidectomy bleeding.
33  Probability of Treatment Benefit
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
TTM (1 time)
2012 Predicting psychotherapy benefit: a probabilistic and individualized approach.
34  protein tyrosine binding
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
huIL-4 (1 time)
I4R motif (1 time)
1997 Growth and differentiation signals regulated by the M-CSF receptor.
35  Pterostilbene
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CK-MB (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2017 Protective Effects of Pterostilbene Against Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
36  9-phosphatriptycene-10-phenylborate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Fusing triphenylphosphine with tetraphenylborate: introducing the 9-phosphatriptycene-10-phenylborate (PTB) anion.
37  n-propyl 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzoate
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
--- 1969 Separation and solvent extraction of vanadium and uranium with n-propyl 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzoate.
38  pain-to-balloon
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2020 The FAST-STEMI Network in Biella From 2013 to 2019: Impact of the Delocalization of the Hospital Facilities on Ischemia Time and In-hospital Outcomes.
39  pancreatic tuberculosis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CE-EUS (1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
1999 Tuberculous pancreatic abscess in HIV-positive patients. A report of 3 cases and a review of the literature.
40  partial transmission block
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
GCT (1 time)
NGGCT (1 time)
1992 Intracranial germ cell tumours: II. The application of a partial transmission block technique to reduce late morbidity.
41  Pass the Baton
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
KT (1 time)
NoMAD (1 time)
NPT (1 time)
2017 Unlocking the "black box" of practice improvement strategies to implement surgical safety checklists: a process evaluation.
42  peachtree borer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LPTB (1 time)
Say (1 time)
1981 Air permeation tests with (Z,Z)-3,13-octadecadien-1-ol acetate for reduction in trap catch of peachtree and lesser peachtree borer moths.
43  percent time in bradykinesia
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
LEDD (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2020 Assessment of Wearing Off in Parkinson's disease using objective measurement.
44  percutaneous transhepatic biliary
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DAP (2 times)
2006 Radiation dose and risk from fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transhepatic biliary procedures.
45  pertussis toxin B oligomer
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
H1N1 (1 time)
HI (1 time)
rS2 (1 time)
1994 Enhancing effects of pertussis toxin B oligomer on the immunogenicity of influenza vaccine administered intranasally.
46  phototrophic bacteria
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Chol (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
TCE (1 time)
1990 Hypocholesterolemic effect of phototrophic bacterial cells in rats.
47  ponatinib
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Cr RH 40 (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2016 Micellar Enhanced Spectrofluorimetric Method for the Determination of Ponatinib in Human Plasma and Urine via Cremophor RH 40 as Sensing Agent.
48  potassium taurine bicarbonate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Rationale for a novel nutraceutical complex 'K-water': potassium taurine bicarbonate (PTB).
49  potassium tetraborate
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
HA-HAase (1 time)
2011 Estimation of serum hyaluronidase activity overcoming the turbidity interference.
50  pre-tailbud
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Involvement of differential gene expression and mRNA stability in the developmental regulation of the hsp 30 gene family in heat-shocked Xenopus laevis embryos.
51  preterm births with intact membranes
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
OS (2 times)
pPROM (2 times)
CSE (1 time)
2012 Short fetal leukocyte telomere length and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes.
52  Pretreatment biopsies
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2003 Comparison of DNA content parameters in paired, fresh tissue pretreatment biopsies and surgical resections from squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
53  prostate tuberculosis
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2021 [Current approach to diagnosis of chronic prostatitis].
54  Protosappanin B
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MMP (1 time)
OGD (1 time)
2015 Protosappanin B protects PC12 cells against oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced neuronal death by maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis via induction of ubiquitin-dependent p53 protein degradation.
55  Psychophysics Toolbox
(2 times)
Behavioral Research
(1 time)
o_ptb (1 time)
2015 Psychophysics in a Web browser? Comparing response times collected with JavaScript and Psychophysics Toolbox in a visual search task.
56  pupil-to-brow
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MRD1 (1 time)
2019 Brow height asymmetry before and after eyelid ptosis surgery.
57  pyrimidinyl-thiobenozoate
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
IMI (2 times)
SU (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2014 Different cross-resistance patterns to AHAS herbicides of two tribenuron-methyl resistant flixweed (Descurainiasophia L.) biotypes in China.
58  2-(2-propylthiol)benzyl
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PSB (1 time)
2015 Interrupted Pummerer Reaction in Latent-Active Glycosylation: Glycosyl Donors with a Recyclable and Regenerative Leaving Group.
59  3-(4-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzo(d)isoxazole
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
2015 Synthesis of 1,2-benzisoxazole tethered 1,2,3-triazoles that exhibit anticancer activity in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines by inhibiting histone deacetylases, and inducing p21 and tubulin acetylation.
60  braces--patellar tendon bearing
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1967 [Trial of new types of braces--patellar tendon bearing (PTB) brace and femoral brace with quadrilateral socket].
61  o-phenylthioureidobenzoic acid
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
A-2-PTU (1 time)
ATB (1 time)
ATUS (1 time)
2003 Radioprotective effect of novel disubstituted thioureas on pea (Pisum sativum L.) development.
62  Paediatric tuberculosis
(1 time)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
CIDG SR (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2019 Paediatric tuberculosis diagnosis using Mycobacterium tuberculosis real-time polymerase chain reaction assay: protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.
63  pancreatic tissue bank
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2008 Development of an integrated biospecimen bank and multidisciplinary clinical database for pancreatic cancer.
64  Papulonecrotic tuberculid
(1 time)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Papulonecrotic tuberculid].
65  paraspinous tension band
(1 time)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
ODI (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2015 Decompression and paraspinous tension band: a novel treatment method for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis.
66  parental tumor bearing
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ITB (1 time)
1994 Functional defects are associated with abnormal signal transduction in T cells of mice inoculated with parental but not IL-2 secreting tumor cells.
67  particularly those born preterm
(1 time)
LBW (1 time)
2020 Early postnatal hypoferremia in low birthweight and preterm babies: A prospective cohort study in hospital-delivered Gambian neonates.
68  particularly valuable in pulmonary cases
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Unsuccessful treatment in pulmonary tuberculosis: factors and a consequent predictive model.
69  patient-tailored bolus
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBT (1 time)
PMRT (1 time)
2019 Heart-sparing radiotherapy with three-dimensional printing technology after mastectomy for patients with left breast cancer.
70  patient-tailored bolus technique
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PMRT (1 time)
PROs (1 time)
PTT (1 time)
2021 Chronological Skin Changes Through Postmastectomy Radiotherapy Based on Radiotherapy Techniques: Using Quantitative Dermatological Measurements.
71  patients treated with pentobarbital
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
RSE (1 time)
1999 Depth of EEG suppression and outcome in barbiturate anesthetic treatment for refractory status epilepticus.
72  peak torque-to-body weight
(1 time)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
BPMSI (1 time)
KOOS (1 time)
LYS (1 time)
2020 Muscle strength but not balance improves after arthroscopic biodegradable polyurethane meniscus scaffold application.
73  PEG-Telomer-B
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
AOCs (1 time)
DDFPe (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
2021 Injectable oxygenation therapeutics: evaluating the oxygen delivery efficacy of artificial oxygen carriers and kosmotropes in vitro.
74  penetrating type TB
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
NPTB (1 time)
SAN (1 time)
2021 Trapezius muscle branch of the spinal accessory nerve without penetrating the sternocleidomastoid muscle as a pitfall in neck dissection: prevalence in a Japanese institution and a protocol for the prevention of iatrogenic injury.
75  penile tumescence at the base
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DNS (1 time)
VPT (1 time)
1998 Rigiscan evaluation of specific nervous impairment in patients with diabetes and erectile disorders.
76  Penn Treebank Dataset
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
LSTM (1 time)
2020 The use of machine translation algorithm based on residual and LSTM neural network in translation teaching.
77  pentobarbital calcium
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
1999 [Methods of sleep induction for EEG recordings: comparison between three hypnotics and natural sleep].
78  percentage of teen births
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
TBR (1 time)
1998 Utility of percentage of births to teenagers as a surrogate for the teen birth rate.
79  percentage of trabecular area or bone marrow area
(1 time)
Herbal Medicine
(1 time)
BALP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2013 Synergistic antiosteoporotic effect of Lepidium sativum and alendronate in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in Wistar rats.
80  percentage of trabecular bone
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EGb (1 time)
PAB (1 time)
2010 Evidences of osteoporosis improvement in Wistar rats treated with Ginkgo biloba extract: a histomorphometric study of mandible and femur.
81  percutaneous transcatheter biopsy
(1 time)
ICE (1 time)
2020 Primary Angiosarcoma in the Right Atrium Diagnosed by a Cardiac Tumor Biopsy Using Intracardiac Echocardiography.
82  Percutaneous Transthoracic Biopsies
(1 time)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
CNB (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
SCLC (1 time)
2006 CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic biopsy in the evaluation of undetermined pulmonary lesions.
83  percutaneous tumor biopsies
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BEAUTY (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
PDXs (1 time)
2017 Establishing and characterizing patient-derived xenografts using pre-chemotherapy percutaneous biopsy and post-chemotherapy surgical samples from a prospective neoadjuvant breast cancer study.
84  peripheral transverse bars
(1 time)
Accidents, Traffic
(1 time)
OSB (1 time)
2019 Evaluating the effectiveness of perceptual treatments on sharp curves: a driving simulator study.
85  peripheral tumor buds
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CB (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2015 High tumor budding stratifies breast cancer with metastatic properties.
86  Peritoneal TB
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CT-OR (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2019 Differentiation of peritoneal tuberculosis from peritoneal carcinomatosis by the Omental Rim sign. A new sign on contrast enhanced multidetector computed tomography.
87  peritubal block
(1 time)
ICB (1 time)
PCN (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
2019 Efficacy of intercostal nerve block with 0.25% bupivacaine in percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A prospective randomized clinical trial.
88  persistence, toxicity and bioaccumulative properties
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RIRA (1 time)
2002 Comparison of two screening level risk assessment approaches for six disinfectants and pharmaceuticals.
89  Pettigrew temporal bone
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CTB (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2014 Feasibility of a synthetic temporal bone for training in mastoidectomy: face, content, and concurrent validity.
90  pharyngeal tuberculosis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2001 Pharyngeal tuberculosis.
91  phase-transited bovine serum albumin
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LAP (1 time)
2020 Biomimetic Amyloid-like Protein/Laponite Nanocomposite Thin Film through Regulating Protein Conformation.
92  phase-transitioned BSA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
PTB sunscreen (1 time)
2021 Suppression of Sunscreen Leakage in Water by Amyloid-like Protein Aggregates.
93  phenyl-thiazolyl-benzoic acid derivative
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
APL (1 time)
2019 Identification and characterization of a phenyl-thiazolyl-benzoic acid derivative as a novel RAR/RXR agonist.
94  PHOSPHATE TRANSPORTER B
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PHT1 (1 time)
Pi (1 time)
2017 Functional PTB phosphate transporters are present in streptophyte algae and early diverging land plants.
95  photoactivated tissue bonding
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Light-activated tissue bonding for excisional wound closure: a split-lesion clinical trial.
96  Physical Trade Balance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
DOP (1 time)
2008 Establishment and applied research on environmental sustainability assessment indicators in Taiwan.
97  Physically Treated Bauhinia
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CTB (1 time)
2020 Effective removal of excessive fluoride from aqueous environment using activated pods of Bauhinia variegata: Batch and dynamic analysis.
98  phyto-thermal baths
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2020 Microbial community dynamics in phyto-thermotherapy baths viewed through next generation sequencing and metabolomics approach.
99  Pietersburg
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Provision of an emergency theatre in tertiary hospitals is cost-effective: Audit and cost of cancelled planned elective general surgical operations at Pietersburg Hospital, Limpopo Province, South Africa.
100  piloted by Physikalisch-Technische
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2019 Intercomparison of far-infrared transmittance measurements.