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Abbreviation: PTL
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Long forms: 137

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
preterm labor
(391 times)
Obstetrics
(163 times)
PPROM (65 times)
PTB (48 times)
AF (36 times)
1981 Maternal morbidity associated with isoxsuprine and terbutaline tocolysis.
parthenolide
(92 times)
Biochemistry
(19 times)
AML (11 times)
NF-kappaB (10 times)
ROS (8 times)
2002 The sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide inhibits LPS- but not TNF-alpha-induced maturation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells by inhibition of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.
Primary thyroid lymphoma
(73 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
DLBCL (22 times)
MALT (14 times)
HT (12 times)
1988 Parafollicular C-cell hyperplasia. Report of three cases in primary thyroid lymphomas.
Primary testicular lymphoma
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DLBCL (10 times)
OS (8 times)
CNS (7 times)
1995 [Primary testicular lymphoma. Report of two cases].
peripheral T-cell lymphoma
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
AILD (3 times)
CTCL (3 times)
HD (3 times)
1985 Peripheral T-cell lymphoma: aggressive disease with heterogeneous immunotypes.
preterm labor with intact membranes
(24 times)
Perinatology
(12 times)
IAI (9 times)
AF (8 times)
PPROM (6 times)
1997 Early neonatal nucleated erythrocyte counts in preterm deliveries: clinical and pathologic correlations.
pancreatic triglyceride lipase
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
CEL (5 times)
PLRP2 (3 times)
NPC1L1 (2 times)
1998 Decreased neonatal dietary fat absorption and T cell cytotoxicity in pancreatic lipase-related protein 2-deficient mice.
primary tumor location
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
OS (10 times)
mCRC (9 times)
HR (6 times)
2016 The relevance of primary tumour location in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer: A meta-analysis of first-line clinical trials.
PETAL LOSS
(11 times)
Botany
(4 times)
JAG (3 times)
AS1 and AS2 (1 time)
BOP (1 time)
2004 PETAL LOSS, a trihelix transcription factor gene, regulates perianth architecture in the Arabidopsis flower.
10  phase-transited lysozyme
(11 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
Ti (4 times)
HA (3 times)
LbL (3 times)
2016 Titanium Surface Priming with Phase-Transited Lysozyme to Establish a Silver Nanoparticle-Loaded Chitosan/Hyaluronic Acid Antibacterial Multilayer via Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly.
11  patellar tendon length
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
IPFP (4 times)
TKA (4 times)
KSS (3 times)
2014 Trans-patella tendon approach for domed lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty does not increase the risk of patella tendon shortening.
12  platelets
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Hb (2 times)
WBC (2 times)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
1987 A new antitumor antibiotic, FR-900482. IV. Hematological toxicity in mice.
13  posterior temporal lobe
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
IFG (4 times)
ATL (3 times)
SH (2 times)
2010 Time change of perceptual reversal of ambiguous figures by rTMS.
14  pharyngeo-tracheal lumen
(6 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
BLS (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
EMTs (1 time)
1984 The pharyngeo-tracheal lumen airway: preliminary investigation of a new adjunct.
15  pressure-threshold loading
(5 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DF (3 times)
HR (2 times)
Pdi (2 times)
2018 Sex differences in diaphragmatic fatigue: the cardiovascular response to inspiratory resistance.
16  primary total laryngectomy
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
STL (4 times)
STL-pRT (2 times)
DFS (1 time)
2005 Postoperative complications of salvage total laryngectomy.
17  pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
WAT (3 times)
5'-UTRs (1 time)
LTRs (1 time)
2001 Expression of a chimeric retroviral-lipase mRNA confers enhanced lipolysis in a hibernating mammal.
18  peritoneal leukocytes
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
CART (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2002 Effect of morphine on thioglycollate-induced peritonitis in chickens.
19  photoswitchable tethered ligand
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DARs (1 time)
GABAARs (1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
2013 A red-shifted, fast-relaxing azobenzene photoswitch for visible light control of an ionotropic glutamate receptor.
20  Pinellia ternata lectin
(4 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ACh (2 times)
MEPP (1 time)
1985 Radioimmunoassay of Pinellia ternata lectin.
21  placental transmogrification of the lung
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
FEV1 (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2007 Placental transmogrification of the lung presenting as giant bullae with soft-fatty components.
22  premature labour
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
HMSMs (1 time)
IRDS (1 time)
IUD (1 time)
1991 Adverse foetal outcome in specific IgM positive Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnancy.
23  paratumoral liver
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HCC (3 times)
AIB1 (1 time)
MBD2 (1 time)
2011 AIB1 as an independent prognostic marker in hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection.
24  percutaneous transhepatic lymphosonography
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EH (1 time)
2002 Percutaneous transhepatic lymphography method to image and treat intra-abdominal lymph node metastasis in patients with unresectable hepatobiliary pancreatic cancer.
25  perinatal telencephalic leucoencephalopathy
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GL (1 time)
HAGL (1 time)
1973 Are hypertrophic astrocytes a sufficient criterion of perinatal telencephalic leucoencephalopathy?
26  phentolamine
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
alpha-AR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
NTG (1 time)
1985 Vasodilator drugs in patients with chronic ischaemic heart failure.
27  post transplant lymphocele
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2001 Post-transplant lymphomas: a 20-year epidemiologic, clinical and pathologic study in a single center.
28  pre-test likelihood
(3 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
DF (1 time)
FFRCT (1 time)
1990 An evaluation of oligoclonal banding and CSF IgG index in the diagnosis of neurosyphilis.
29  precursors of T-lymphocytes
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
HSC (1 time)
in vitro (1 time)
THGF (1 time)
1985 [Postirradiation dynamics of T-lymphocyte precursors and thymus regeneration in mice].
30  premature tooth loss
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ARR (3 times)
IRR (3 times)
PCO (3 times)
2017 The risk of healing complications in primary teeth with extrusive or lateral luxation-A retrospective cohort study.
31  protease treated lignin
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CEL (2 times)
AIL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2009 The effect of isolated lignins, obtained from a range of pretreated lignocellulosic substrates, on enzymatic hydrolysis.
32  proximal tibial length
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GV (2 times)
SNGFR (2 times)
DI (1 time)
1981 ADH-dependent nephron heterogeneity in rats with hereditary hypothalamic diabetes insipidus.
33  People with total laryngectomy
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
COPI (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2021 Shielding, hospital admission and mortality among 1216 people with total laryngectomy in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey from the first national lockdown.
34  peripheral T-cell lymphoma unspecified
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AITL (1 time)
CLL/SLL (1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
2002 Neoplastic T cells in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma express CD10.
35  peritumoral lymphocytic
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRC (2 times)
MMR (1 time)
2014 Invasion pattern and histologic features of tumor aggressiveness correlate with MMR protein expression, but are independent of activating KRAS and BRAF mutations in CRC.
36  Pharyngeotracheal Lumen Airway
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
EGTA (1 time)
EMAs (1 time)
EOA (1 time)
1993 Invasive airway techniques in resuscitation.
37  planning target length
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CTL (2 times)
ASL (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2000 How long is enough? Defining the treatment length in endovascular brachytherapy.
38  plasma-treated liquid
(2 times)
Cells
(1 time)
hUSLF (1 time)
POP (1 time)
2018 Transport and accumulation of plasma generated species in aqueous solution.
39  porous transport layer
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PEMWEs (1 time)
PEWE (1 time)
2020 Observation of Preferential Pathways for Oxygen Removal through Porous Transport Layers of Polymer Electrolyte Water Electrolyzers.
40  preterm labour and delivery
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
IUD (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
PPROM (1 time)
2003 Histological chorioamnionitis in relation to clinical presentation at 14-40 weeks of gestation.
41  preterm spontaneous labour group
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ICAM-1 (2 times)
CST (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2000 Enhanced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in amnion with term and preterm labour.
42  preterm-labour
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
E-PE (1 time)
EVTs (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2017 Prediction of Delivery in Women with Threatening Preterm Labour using Phosphorylated Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-1 and Cervical Length using Transvaginal Ultrasound.
43  primary lymphoma of the thyroid gland
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
DLBCL (2 times)
CT (1 time)
FDG-PET (1 time)
2000 A reassessment of primary thyroid lymphoma: high-grade MALT-type lymphoma as a distinct subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
44  primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
cRT (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2014 Rituximab plus a CHOP-like regimen, central nervous system prophylaxis, and contralateral testicular irradiation for localized primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma lead to prolonged progression-free survival.
45  Progressive threshold loading
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
Pth (1 time)
TI (1 time)
1998 The effects of learning on the ventilatory responses to inspiratory threshold loading.
46  pulse train
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
PN (2 times)
CIM (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1997 [Study on the recognition and evolutionary genetics of the courtship song of species in Drosphila nasuta species subgroup].
47  1,10-phenanthroline
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DPD (1 time)
HQL (1 time)
1989 Inactivation of botulinum and tetanus toxins by chelators.
48  P.trimera leaf
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant and Anti-proliferative Capacities of Dried Leaf and Its Extract from Xao tam phan (Paramignya trimera).
49  paclitaxel
(1 time)
Co-IP (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
GSK-3beta (1 time)
2021 FSC231 alleviates paclitaxel-induced neuralgia by inhibiting the interactions between PICK1 and GluA2 and activates GSK-3β and ERK1/2.
50  paclitaxel group
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
PICK1 (1 time)
2020 FSC231 can alleviate paclitaxel-induced neuralgia by inhibiting PICK1 and affecting related factors.
51  paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and full-dose lapatinib
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
2015 A Pilot Study of Dose-Dense Paclitaxel With Trastuzumab and Lapatinib for Node-negative HER2-Overexpressed Breast Cancer.
52  paraarticular tissue lesions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2017 [Local injection therapy of damage of paraarticular tissue].
53  parameters: the length of a pulse train
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
CN (1 time)
IPI (1 time)
1987 THE GENETIC BASIS OF EVOLUTION OF THE MALE COURTSHIP SOUNDS IN THE DROSOPHILA VIRILIS GROUP.
54  parathyroid tissue or lesions
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
PTH-r (1 time)
2008 Parathyroid hormone assay in fine-needle aspirate is useful in differentiating inadvertently sampled parathyroid tissue from thyroid lesions.
55  parieto-temporal lobes
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
MTL (1 time)
PCG (1 time)
2007 Partial volume effect-corrected FDG PET and grey matter volume loss in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.
56  partial
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
HGG (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2021 Does the dural resection bed need to be irradiated? Patterns of recurrence and implications for postoperative radiotherapy for temporal lobe gliomas.
57  partial tibia length
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1983 A morphological study of the development of the tibial proximal epiphysis and growth plate of normal and dwarfed Snell mice.
58  pass-transistor logic
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CNT (1 time)
FETs (1 time)
2012 Carbon nanotube field-effect transistors for use as pass transistors in integrated logic gates and full subtractor circuits.
59  passively targeted liposomes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FTL (1 time)
2010 Experimental anticancer therapy with vascular-disruptive peptide and liposome-entrapped chemotherapeutic agent.
60  patatin-like lipase
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2021 Genome-wide association study reveals a patatin-like lipase relating to the reduction of seed oil content in Brassica napus.
61  Patched-like
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
Ptc (1 time)
Ptr (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2021 A Patched-Like Protein PsPTL Is Not Essential for the Growth and Response to Various Stresses in Phytophthora sojae.
62  patellar tendon load
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TPA (2 times)
CrCL (1 time)
CrTT (1 time)
2011 Ex vivo biomechanical evaluation of the canine cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifle with varying angles of stifle joint flexion and axial loads after tibial tuberosity advancement.
63  Paths to Leadership
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2021 Emerging Frontline Leaders' Voices in Response to COVID-19 Crisis.
64  patient treatment limitations
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2021 Patients' treatment limitations as predictive factor for mortality in COVID-19: results from hospitalized patients of a hotspot region for SARS-CoV-2 infections.
65  patulin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2011 Preparation and characterization of a molecularly imprinted polymer by grafting on silica supports: a selective sorbent for patulin toxin.
66  PCM and TAT co-modified liposome
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MCs (1 time)
PL (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2017 PCM and TAT co-modified liposome with improved myocardium delivery: in vitro and in vivo evaluations.
67  Peer-assisted teaching and learning
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Student perception of peer teaching and learning in pathology: A qualitative analysis of modified seminars, fishbowls, and interactive classroom activities.
68  pentaerythritol
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FA-PEG (1 time)
2011 Folate-conjugated amphiphilic star-shaped block copolymers as targeted nanocarriers.
69  peptidyl transferase loop
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
LSR (1 time)
1993 Domain V of Giardia lamblia large-subunit rRNA: structure of the peptidyl transferase loop from an early-branching eukaryote and correlation with antibiotic sensitivity.
70  percentage of total leukocytes
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
NEU (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2013 Impact of Pichia guilliermondii on sow, litter, and weaned pig immune performance.
71  percutaneous transthoracic localization
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
VATS (1 time)
2016 Percutaneous transthoracic localization of pulmonary nodules under C-arm cone-beam CT virtual navigation guidance.
72  periapical translucency lesions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
REP (1 time)
2020 [Comparative analysis of calcium hydroxide apexification and regenerative endodontic procedure for root dentine growth stimulation in immature incisors with pulp necrosis].
73  periodontitis-related tooth loss
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Natural history of periodontitis: Disease progression and tooth loss over 40years.
74  peripheral blood lymphocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
SRF (1 time)
Th (1 time)
1981 Spontaneous rosette formation of pig and guinea pig thymocytes and peripheral blood lymphocytes: influence of proteases, oxidising and reducing agents, cytochalasin B and carbohydrates.
75  peripheral blood T lymphocytes
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
TBL (1 time)
1981 Specificities and some properties of human T and B lymphocyte antisera.
76  peritumoral lymphatic vessels
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
ITL (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2014 Lymphangiogenesis in early and advanced gastric cancer: is there any difference?
77  Peritumoral lymphatics
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ITL (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2013 The clinical significance of lymphangiogenesis in renal cell carcinoma.
78  peritumoral tissue
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2013 Gradually increased Golgi protein 73 expression in the progression of benign liver diseases to precancerous lesions and hepatocellular carcinoma correlates with prognosis of patients.
79  peritumoural
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRCa (1 time)
ISL (1 time)
ITL (1 time)
2018 The Impact of Immune Interaction on the Metastatic Infiltration of Colorectal Carcinoma to Lymph Nodes.
80  pharyngolaryngectomy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Possible factors influencing rehabilitation of the total laryngectomy patient using esophageal speech].
81  phase transition layer
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
TBC (1 time)
TGO (1 time)
2017 Study on Stress Development in the Phase Transition Layer of Thermal Barrier Coatings.
82  phoenix tree leaf
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
2020 Enhancement of anaerobic digestion of phoenix tree leaf by mild alkali pretreatment: Optimization by Taguchi orthogonal design and semi-continuous operation.
83  phosphothreonine lyase
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MVP (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2018 Edwardsiella ictaluri type III secretion system (T3SS) effector EseN is a phosphothreonine lyase that inactivates ERK1/2.
84  physician task load
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
NASA (1 time)
TLX (1 time)
2020 Physician Task Load and the Risk of Burnout Among US Physicians in a National Survey.
85  physician training level
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
TI (1 time)
TIAEs (1 time)
2021 Impact of Physician Training Level on Neonatal Tracheal Intubation Success Rates and Adverse Events: A Report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Neonates (NEAR4NEOS).
86  Piceatannol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
AhRLBD (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
2018 Comparative analysis of interactions between aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand binding domain with its ligands: a computational study.
87  Plasma testosterone levels
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Tre (1 time)
1984 Exercise and temperature effects on human sperm production and testosterone levels.
88  Plasmacytoid T-cell lymphoma
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Additional evidence that "plasmacytoid T-cell lymphoma" associated with chronic myeloproliferative disorders is of macrophage/monocyte origin.
89  platelet count
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
--- 2000 Coagulation system and platelets are fully activated in uncomplicated sepsis.
90  platelet-to-lymphocyte
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
NTL (1 time)
SII (1 time)
VATS (1 time)
2021 Systemic Inflammation after Uniport, Multiport, or Hybrid VATS Lobectomy for Lung Cancer.
91  platelets/other
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
FIB (1 time)
2021 Does prior administration of rtPA influence acute ischemic stroke clot composition? Findings from the analysis of clots retrieved with mechanical thrombectomy from the RESTORE registry.
92  player's training load
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
SSGs (1 time)
TAc (1 time)
2018 Associations between wellness and internal and external load variables in two intermittent small-sided soccer games.
93  pleomorphic small- or medium- and large-cell T-cell lymphomas
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ALCL (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
mpf (1 time)
1994 Presence of Epstein-Barr virus in extranodal T-cell lymphomas: differences in relation to site.
94  plus lapatinib
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2010 Dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel with trastuzumab and lapatinib in HER2/neu-overexpressed/amplified breast cancer is not feasible because of excessive diarrhea.
95  Polar Training Loads
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
NCAA (1 time)
2017 Laboratory and Match Physiological Data From an Elite Male Collegiate Soccer Athlete.
96  pollen tube length
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Coconut (Cocos nucifera l.) pollen cryopreservation.
97  Polygonum tinctorium Lour
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2020 Treatment with indigo plant (Polygonum tinctorium Lour) improves serum lipid profiles in Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet.
98  Post transplant leukopenia
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Blood disorders after kidney transplantation.
99  Post-termination-like
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
EF-G (1 time)
IF1 (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2008 Complementary roles of initiation factor 1 and ribosome recycling factor in 70S ribosome splitting.
100  post-transplant T-cell lymphoma
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
PTLD (1 time)
2007 Successful treatment of a child with late-onset T-cell post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder/lymphoma.